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Leicestershire Agricultural Terms

 Extract from A General View of the Agriculture of Leicester & Rutland
by
William Pitt 1809

As an occasional visitor has little opportunity of picking up these, not having sufficient colloquial intercourse with the lower classes, by whom they are used, I have collected the most remarkable of those noticed by Mr. Marshall, who resided in this neighbourhood two years, buy have altered some of the definitions :-

Acre
Aigles

Batch
Batch Bag
Batten or Bolting
Beggars Needle
To Belt or Burl
Beltings or Burlings
Boar Thistle
Brush Crop
Butty
Byslings or Beastings

Chadlock or kedlock
Camp or hogg
Caps or hackler's
Chapmanry
Clam or clammed
Cleries
Cockheads
Crow-flower
Corned
Cullings

Daglocks
Dee hettle
Dog Fennel
Douk

Eavins
Elder

Feeders
Fegg
To fettle
Fin
Finch backed
Fitchet

Galls
Garner
Gaun
Gearing
Gorse
Gurgeons
Gutter

Heart spurn
Hengorse
Hillocks
Hooders
Hubbs

To kibble
Kids

Lag
Lamb hogs
Lap love
Lay for cattle
Lays

Muck

Nag

Pad
Passer
Pin fallow
Pingle
Piles
Poothery

Queest
Quart of butter

Raun-picked
Raw weather
Roarer
Rood
Ruck

Sarver
Score
Seedness
Shear hog
Sludge
Sough or suff
Spinney
Stail
Stalled
To stock up
Stodged
Strike
Stump

Tankard turnip
To thack
Theave
Thoan
Thrave
Twitch or squitch

Wall spring
Wastrell
Willow weed
Welly
A long measure of 4 roods or 32 yards
icicles

the corn sent to the mill for family use
the bag containing the above
a truss of straw
a weed, shepherds needle
to shear the buttocks of a sheep
wool so shorn
spear thistle, cardous lanceolatus
crop sown on a stubble
partner in a small concern
a cows first milk after calving

wild mustard, radish or rape
a hoard of potatoes
hood of sheaves or corn shocks
a small return on receiving money for beasts or corn
starved by hunger
draft iron of a plough
a weed, knapweed, also plaintain heads
crow-foot, renunculus
fed with grain
refuse, out-casts of a stock

beltings or burlings of wool
a weed, nettle hemp, or lamicoms
a weed, corn, camomile
damp

eaves of thatched buildings
the udder of a cow

fatting cattle
rough dead grass
to adjust, or to put in order
a plant, onions, rest harrow
white backed or streaked cattle
a pole cat

moist springy places on land
a bin in a granary, or mill
a gallon measure, also a small pail or tub
the harness of a horse, or ladder, and side rails of a carriage in harvest
furze or whin, ulex Europœus
pollard, or a sort of bran
a small ditch or drain

tap root
ononis spinosa, thorny rest harrow, to hike, to strike, or gore with a horn
mole-hills, ant-hills
covering sheaves, of wheat shocks
naves or stocks of wheels

to grind corn perfectly
faggots

a shake in a timber
yearling sheep, before shearing
corn bind weed, convolvulus
hired pasture
grass or pasture land

compost of dung and straw

a saddle horse

a traced path
a nailpasser, a gimblet
winter fallow
a small croft
awns of barley
close, cloudy, sultry weather

the wood pigeon
three pounds

dead-branched tree, stag-headed
wet and cold weather
a restless cow, also a rupture winded horse
a customary measure of 8 yards
a heap

a corn scuttle
twenty in number
seed time
a wether or ram, yearling sheep after shearing
mire
a covered drain
a clump, or small coppice
handle, as fork stail, mop stail
a carriage set fast in a slough
to grub up
filled to the stretch
a measure once stricken originally
a post

the long rooted turnip
to thatch
a yearling ewe after shearing
damp, not thoroughly dry
24 sheaves or boltings
coach grass

a spring breaking through the surface
outcast
polygonum pezsicaria
almost

 

Copyright Guy Etchells Ó 2000 All rights reserved.

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