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Leviticus, Chapter 18, verses 6-23

6. None of you shall approach to any that is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness ; I am the Lord.
7. The nakedness of thy father, or the nakedness of thy mother, shalt thou not uncover : she is thy mother ; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.
8. The nakedness of thy fatherís wife shalt thou not uncover : It is thy fatherís nakedness.
9. The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter of thy father, or daughter of thy mother, whether she be born at home, or born abroad, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover.
10. The nakedness of thy sonís daughter, or thy daughterís daughter, even their nakedness thou shalt not uncover: for theirís is thine own nakedness.
11. The nakedness of thy fatherís wifeís daughter, begotten of thy father, she is thy sister, thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.
12. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy fatherís sister : she is thy fatherís near kinswoman.
13. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy motherís sister : for she is thy motherís near kinswoman.
14. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy fatherís brother, thou shalt not approach to his wife ; she is thine aunt.
15. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy daughter in law : she is thy sonís wife ; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness.
16. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of thy brotherís wife : it is thy brotherís nakedness.
17. Thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, neither shalt thou take her sonís daughter, or her daughterís daughter, to uncover her nakedness: for they are her near kinswomen : it is wickedness.
18. Neither shalt thou take a wife to her sister, to vex her, to uncover her nakedness, beside the other in her life time.
19. Also thou shalt not approach unto a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is put apart for her uncleanness.
20. Moreover thou shalt not lie carnally with thy neighbourís wife, to defile thyself with her.
21. And thou shalt not let any of thy seed pass through the fire to Molech, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God : I am the Lord.
22. Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind : it is abomination.
23 Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith : neither shall an woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto : it is confusion.

Leviticus, Chapter 18, 11-23 a manís

Mother
fatherís wife
sister
fatherís daughter
motherís daughter
sonís daughter
daughterís daughter
fatherís sister

Motherís sister
fatherís brotherís wife
sonís wife
brotherís wife
daughter
daughterís sonís daughter
daughterís daughterís daughter
wifeís sister (while wife is still living)

Leviticus, Chapter 20, verses 11-21 a manís

11. And the man that lieth with his fatherís wife hath uncovered his fatherís nakedness : both of them shall surely be put to death ; their blood shall be upon them.
12. And if a man lieth with his daughter in law, both of them shall surely be put to death : they have wrought confusion ; their blood shall be upon them.
13. If a man also lie with mankind, as he lieth with a woman, both of them have committed an abomination they shall surely be put to death : their blood shall be upon them.
14. And if a man take a wife and her mother, it is wickedness : they shall be burnt with fire, both of he and they ; that there be no wickedness among you.
15. And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death : and ye shall slay the beast.
16. and if a woman approach unto any beast, and lie down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman, and the beast : they shall surely be put to death : their blood shall be upon them.
17. And if a man shall take his sister, his fatherís daughter, or his motherís daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness ; it is a wicked thing ; and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people ; he hath uncovered his sisterís nakedness ; he shallbear his iniquity.
18. And if a man shall lie with a woman having her sickness, and shall uncover her nackedness ; he hath discovered her fountain, and she hath uncovered the fountain of her blood : and both of them shall be cut off from among their people.
19. And thou shalt not uncover the nakedness of they motherís sister, nor thy fatherís sister ; for he uncovereth his near kin ; they shall bear their iniquity.
20. And if a man shall lie with his uncleís wife, he hath uncovered his uncleís nakedness : they shall bear their sin ; they shall die childless.
21. And if a man shall take his brotherís wife, it is an unclean thing ; he hath uncovered his brotherís nakedness : they shall be childless.

Leviticus, Chapter 20, verses 11-21 a manís

fatherís wife
daughter-in-law
wifeís mother
sister
fatherís daughter

Motherís daughter
motherís sister
uncleís wife
brotherís wife

Corinthians Chapter 5, verse 1



Matthew Chapter 14, verses 3 & 4

1. It is reported commonly that there is fornication among you, and such fornication as is not so much as named among the Gentiles, that one should have his fatherís wife.

3. For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him, and put him in prison for Herodiasí sake, his brother Philipís wife.
4. For John said unto him, It is not lawful for thee to have her.

     
     

In England the statutes of Henry VIII, repealed in part by Edward VI and wholly by Phillip and Mary, were revived by Elizabeth I, the provision being that "no prohibition, God's law except, shall trouble or impeach any marriage outside Levitical law".
The ecclesiastical interpretation was that consanguinity was an impediment to marriage as far as the third degree.

Relationship by the half-blood was put on the same footing as the full-blood.

Marriages within the forbidden degree as voidable rather than void, until such marriages were declared void by an act of 5 and 6 William IV (1835).

     
 

1533 First British Temporal Statute

 
 

Mother
Stepmother
sister
sonís daughter
daughterís daughter
fatherís daughter
fatherís sister
motherís sister

uncleís wife
sonís wife
brotherís wife
wifeís daughter
wifeís sonís daughter
wifeís daughterís daughter
wifeís sister

In 1536 the Second British Temporal Statute extended the above list to include any relations of a woman a man had previously had intercourse with

     
 

Interregnum Act May 1650

 
 

Grandmother
mother
sister
daughter
grandaughter
fatherís sister
motherís sister

Fatherís wife
sonís wife
wifeís mother
wifeís daughter

     

Book of Common Prayer 1662
Wherein whosoever are related are forbidden in scripture and our laws to marry together

 

A Man may not marry his

  1.   GRANDMOTHER,
  2.   Grandfather's Wife,
  3.   Wife's Grandmother.
  4.   Father's Sister,
  5.   Mother's Sister,
  6.   Father's Brother's Wife.
  7.   Mother's Brother's Wife,
  8.   Wife's Father's Sister,
  9.   Wife's Mother's Sister.
  10.   Mother,
  11.   Step-Mother,
  12.   Wife's Mother.
  13.   Daughter,
  14.   Wife's Daughter,
  15.   Son's Wife.
  16.   Sister,
  17.   Wife's Sister,
  18.   Brother's Wife.
  19.   Son's Daughter,
  20.   Daughter's Daughter.
  21.   Son's Son's Wife.
  22.   Daughter's Son's Wife.
  23.   Wife's Son's Daughter.
  24.   Wife's Daughter's Daughter.
  25.   Brother's Daughter.
  26.   Sister's Daughter.
  27.   Brother's Son's Wife.
  28.   Sister's Son's Wife.
  29.   Wife's Brother's Daughter.
  30.   Wife's Sister's Daughter.

A Woman may not marry with her

  1.   GRANDFATHER,
  2.   Grandmother's Husband,
  3.   Husband's Grandfather.
  4.   Father's Brother,
  5.   Mother's Brother,
  6.   Father's Sister's Husband.
  7.   Mother's Sister's Husband,
  8.   Husband's Father's Brother,
  9.   Husband's Mother's Brother.
  10.   Father,
  11.   Step-Father,
  12.   Husband's Father.
  13.   Son,
  14.   Husband's Son,
  15.   Daughter's Husband.
  16.   Brother,
  17.   Husband's Brother.
  18.   Sister's Husband.
  19.   Son's Son,
  20.   Daughter's Son,
  21.   Son's Daughter's Husband.
  22.   Daughter's Daughter's Husband,
  23.   Husband's Son's Son,
  24.   Husband's Daughter's Son.
  25.   Brother's Son,
  26.   Sister's Son,
  27.   Brother's Daughter's Husband.
  28.   Sister's Daughter's Husband,
  29.   Husband's Brother's Son,
  30.   Husband's Sister's Son.

Various Acts removed the prohibition to marry if the partner of the person stated was deceased.
The subject"Deceased Wife's Sister Act" was debated almost annually for seventy years until finally being allowed in 1907.

1907 Marriage Act removed from the manís list
1921 Marriage Act removed from the list
1931 Marriage Act removed from both lists

(17) Wifeís sister
(18) Brotherís wife
(6) Father's Brother's Wife
(7)   Mother's Brother's Wife
(8) Wife's Father's Sister
(9) Wife's Mother's Sister
(27) Brother's Son's Wife.
(28) Sister's Son's Wife.
(29) Wife's Brother's Daughter
(30) Wife's Sister's Daughter

 
     
 

1949 Marriage Act

 

PART I.
Prohibited degrees of relationship.

Mother
Daughter
Fatherís mother
Motherís mother
Sonís daughter
Daughterís daughter
Sister
Wife's mother
Wife's daughter
Fatherís wife
Sonís wife
Fatherís fatherís wife
Motherís fatherís wife
Wife's fatherís mother
Wife's motherís mother
Wife's sonís daughter
Wife's daughterís daughter
Sonís sonís wife
Daughterís sonís wife
Fatherís sister
Motherís sister
Brotherís daughter
Sisterís daughter

Father
Son
Fatherís father
Motherís father
Sonís son
Daughterís son
Brother
Husbandís father
Husbandís son
Motherís husband
Daughterís husband
Fatherís motherís husband
Motherís motherís husband
Husbandís fatherís father
Husbandís motherís father
Husbandís sonís son
Husbandís daughterís son
Sonís daughterís husband
Daughterís daughterís husband
Fatherís brother
Motherís brother
Brotherís son
Sisterís son

PART II.

Statutory exceptions from prohibited degrees of relationship.

Deceased wifeís sister
Deceased brotherís wife
Deceased wifes brotherís daughter
Deceased wifeís sisterís daughter
Father's deceased brotherís wife
Mother's deceased brotherís wife
fatherís sister
Deceased wifeís fatherís sister
Deceased wifeís motherís sister
Brother's deceased sonís wife
Sister's deceased sonís wife

Deceased sisterís husband
Deceased husbandís brother
Fatherís deceased sisterís husband
Motherís deceased sisterís husband
Deceased husbandís brotherís son
Deceased husbandís sisterís son
Brotherís deceased daughterís husband
Sisterís deceased daughterís husband
Deceased husbandís fatherís brother
Deceased husbandís motherís brother

     

Book of Common Prayer (Current Version)
Wherein whosoever are related are forbidden in scripture and our laws to marry together

 

A Man may not marry his

mother
daughter
adopted daughter
father's mother
mother's mother
son's daughter
daughter's daughter
sister
wife's mother
wife's daughter
father's wife
son's wife
father's father's wife
mother's father's wife
wife's father's mother
wife's mother's mother
wife's daughter's daughter
wife's son's daughter
son's son's wife
daughter's son's wife
father's sister
mother's sister
brother's daughter
sister's daughter

A Woman may not marry with her

father
son
adopted son
father's father
mother's father
son's son
daughter's son
brother
husband's father
husband's son
mother's husband
daughter's husband
father's mother's husband
mother's mother's husband
husband's father's father
husband's mother's father
husband's son's son
husband's daughter's son
son's daughter's husband
daughter's daughter's husband
father's brother
mother's brother
brother's son
sister's son

In the above Table the term 'brother' includes a brother of the half-blood, and the term 'sister' includes a sister of the half-blood.

 

Consanguinity & Affinity Relationship Chart

 
 

1st Degree

2nd Degree

3rd Degree

4th Degree

5th Degree 6th Degree 7th Degree
Original person Parents Grand-parents Great Grand-parents 3 x Grand-parents 4 x Grand-parents 5 x Grand-parents 6 x Grand-parents
Parents Siblings Nephew/Niece Great Nephew/Niece 2 x Great Nephew/Niece 3 x Great Nephew/Niece 4 x Great Nephew/Niece 5 x Great Nephew/Niece
Grand-parents Nephew/Niece First Cousin First Cousin Once Removed First Cousin Twice Removed First Cousin
Three times Removed
First Cousin
4 x Removed
First Cousin
5 x Removed
Great Grand-parents Great Nephew/Niece First Cousin Once Removed Second Cousin Second Cousin
Once Removed
Second Cousin
Twice Removed
Second Cousin
3 x Removed
Second Cousin
4 x Removed
3 x Grand-parents 2 x Great Nephew/Niece First Cousin Twice Removed Second Cousin
Once Removed
Third Cousin Third Cousin
Once Removed
Third Cousin
Twice Removed
Third Cousin
3 x Removed
4 x Grand-parents 3 x Great Nephew/Niece First Cousin
Three times Removed
Second Cousin
Twice Removed
Third Cousin
Once Removed
Fourth Cousin Fourth Cousin
Once Removed
Fourth Cousin
Twice Removed
5 x Grand-parents 4 x Great Nephew/Niece First Cousin
4 x Removed
Second Cousin
3 x Removed
Third Cousin
Twice Removed
Fourth Cousin
Once Removed
Fifth Cousin Fifth Cousin
Once Removed
6 x Grand-parents 5 x Great Nephew/Niece First Cousin
5 x Removed
Second Cousin
4 x Removed
Third Cousin
3 x Removed
Fourth Cousin
Twice Removed
Fifth Cousin
Once Removed
Sixth Cousin

 

Copyright Guy Etchells © 2006 All rights reserved.

Permission is granted for all free personal and non-commercial uses. It is my intention to make all data contained herein freely available for all private, non-profit and non-commercial uses. Commercial use of any portion contained herein is expressly prohibited.
Database Right, all databases on this website are covered by the 1997 Database Regulations
Guy Etchells is the maker of the database contained within and the owner of the database rights.
First published in 2006.

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