**Q:**How do I find what number of cousin someone else is to me and what does "times removed mean?

**A:**This is probably the most confusing part of Genealogy. The answer to this question lies in your grandfather's position. You need to find out what grandfather the two of you share. Then find out how many greats that grandfather is to you. The other person is your nth cousin n being how many times great your grandfather is. Now find out how many greats this grandfather is from the person you are looking for. Subtract the lower number of greats from the higher number of greats and that is the number of times removed, or how many genrations between you and the other person. Here is a chart showing those relationships, with instructions and a real life example.

Common Ancestor | Grandfather | G-Grandfather | 2X G-Grandfather | 3X G-Grandfather | 4X G-Grandfather | 5X G-Grandfather | 6X G-Grandfather | 7X G-Grandfather |

Grandfather | 1st Cousin | 1st Cousin 1X | 1st Cousin 2X | 1st Cousin 3X | 1st Cousin 4X | 1st Cousin 5X | 1st Cousin 6X | 1st Cousin 7X |

G-Grandfather | 1st Cousin 1X | 2nd Cousin | 2nd Cousin 1X | 2nd Cousin 2X | 2nd Cousin 3X | 2nd Cousin 4X | 2nd Cousin 5X | 2nd Cousin 6X |

2X G-Grandfather | 1st Cousin 2X | 2nd Cousin 1X | 3rd Cousin | 3rd Cousin 1X | 3rd Cousin 2X | 3rd Cousin 3X | 3rd Cousin 4X | 3rd Cousin 5X |

3X G-Grandfather | 1st Cousin 3X | 2nd Cousin 2X | 3rd Cousin 1X | 4th Cousin | 4th Cousin 1X | 4th Cousin 2X | 4th Cousin 3X | 4th Cousin 4X |

4X G-Grandfather | 1st Cousin 4X | 2nd Cousin 3X | 3rd Cousin 2X | 4th Cousin 1X | 5th Cousin | 5th Cousin 1X | 5th Cousin 2X | 5th Cousin 3X |

5X G-Grandfather | 1st Cousin 5X | 2nd Cousin 4X | 3rd Cousin 3X | 4th Cousin 2X | 5th Cousin 1X | 6th Cousin | 6th Cousin 1X | 6th Cousin 2X |

6X G-Grandfather | 1st Cousin 6X | 2nd Cousin 5X | 3rd Cousin 4X | 4th Cousin 3X | 5th Cousin 2X | 6th Cousin 1X | 7th Cousin | 7th Cousin 1X |

7X G-Grandfather | 1st Cousin 7X | 2nd Cousin 6X | 3rd Cousin 5X | 4th Cousin 4X | 5th Cousin 3X | 6th Cousin 2X | 7th Cousin 1X | 8th Cousin |

1. Find the common grandfather that the two of you share.

2. Find out how many greats that grandfather is to you.

3. Find that grandfather on the horizontal part of the chart.

4. Find out how many greats that grandfather is to the other person.

5. Find that grandfather on the vertical part of the chart.

6. From there follow that horizontal line till it intersects with your grandfathers column.

7. That square tells you what cousin that person is to you and how many times removed.

**EXAMPLE**

President Richard M. NIXON and I share Jonas POTTS as a common grandfather

Jonas POTTS is my 7X Great Grandfather so on the top row go to the square marked 7X g-grandfather. (in bold italic)

Jonas POTTS is President Nixon's 6X Great Grandfather so go down the first Column to the square marked 6X g-grandfather.(in bold italic)

Follow the row where President Nixon's 6X g-grandfather is at until you are under my 7X g-grandfather and you will see that President Richard M. Nixon is my 7th cousin once removed.

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