Modern English Transcription below - Link to Original TranscriptionTranscribed by Michael Russell OPC Dorchester - December 2010 - queries in red
In the Name of God Amen:
First I commend my soul into the hands of Almighty God in trusting and believing by and through the merits, death, and passion of Jesus Christ my only Saviour and Redeemer to have full and free pardon of all my sins and to enjoy eternal happiness
My body I commit unto the earth to be decently buried in expectation of a glorious resurrection And as for and concerning that worldly estate which God of his goodness has bestowed upon me, my debts being paid and funerals discharged, I dispose of in the manner following (that is to say)
First as for and concerning my goods chattels and personal estate I give and bequeath out of the same personal estate unto my loving wife Katherine (12) the sum of one thousand pounds in money
To my son Thomas DAVIDGE the sum of Seven hundred pounds (4)
To my son John DAVIDGE the sum of five hundred pounds (5)
To my son Charles DAVIDGE the like sum of five hundred pounds (7)
To my daughter Sarah DAVIDGE the sum of Six hundred pounds (8)
To my daughter Katherine DAVIDGE the sum of five hundred pounds (9)
To my daughter Elizabeth DAVIDGE the sum of four hundred pounds (10)
And to my daughter Anne DAVIDGE the like sum of four hundred pounds (11)
Item I give and bequeath to the poor of the Parish of St Peter in the town of Dorchester where I was born ten pounds
Item I give to the poor of the town of Bridport in the County of Dorset five pounds
Item I give unto Richard POLLARD son of Robert POLLARD late of London bookseller deceased ten pounds And to Thomas POLLARD and Frances POLLARD two other children of the said Robert POLLARD deceased five pounds a piece
The Rest and residue of all and singular my goods chattels and personal estate (not otherwise hereby disposed of) I give and leave to all my children which I have and such child as my wife shall be insentient with at the time of my decease (if any such shall be afterwards borne alive) equally, share and share alike, to be paid unto them my children, and such after borne child, when and at such times as their other several legacies and portions aforesaid are before herein appointed to be paid
One thousand pounds of the said moneys proceeding of the sale of the said messuages lands and premises and of such the rents issues and profits thereof aforesaid shall come and be paid to my said wife Katherine DAVIDGE,
One thousand pounds more thereof to my said sonne Richard DAVIDGE
Six Hundred pounds more thereof to my said sonne Thomas DAVIDGE
Six hundred pounds more thereof to my said sonne John DAVIDGE
Six hundred pounds more thereof to my said sonne Charles DAVIDGE
Six hundred pounds more thereof to my said daughter Sarah DAVIDGE
Six hundred pounds more thereof to my said daughter Katherine DAVIDGE
Six hundred pounds more thereof to my said daughter Elizabeth DAVIDGE
Six hundred pounds more thereof to my said daughter Anne DAVIDGE
And if all my children in being and which shall be as aforesaid shall depart this life before the time of payment of the said sums of money and shares and parts of the moneys proceeding from the sale of the said messuages lands and premises and the rents and profits thereof to them limited and appointed as aforesaid That then the one half part or moiety of the said moneys and shares and parts of the moneys proceeding of the sale of the said lands And of the rents and profits thereof intended and appointed to my said children as aforesaid shall come and accrue to my said wife
And the other half part or moiety thereof shall come and accrue to the said children of my afore named two sisters or to the survivors and survivor of them equally
Provided always And I doe expressly declare my will mind and meaning to be
that the said legacy of one thousand pounds and jewels and goods so as
before given to my said wife out of my personal estate with the said
sum of one thousand pounds to and for her intended and appointed out of
the moneys proceeding of the sale of the said lands And of the Rents
and profits thereof are and shall be and are so meant and intended
to be And shall be by her taken and accepted for and in lieu recompense
Provided always And I do expressly declare my will mind and meaning
to be that the legacies sums of money parts shares and portions out of
my personal estate and out of the moneys proceeding from the sale of my said lands as aforesaid and of the rents and profits thereof before herein respectively given set forth and appointed to my afore named children And to the child whereof my wife shall be insentient at the time of my decease are and shall be and are so meant and intended to be And shall be by
And I doe nominate make and appoint my aforesaid loving wife Katherine full and sole executrix of this my last will and testament And I doe appoint her my said wife (if she shall so long live) to be Guardian of the bodies and estates of my said Children during their minorities And to have and take the care of their education and bringing up in the fear of God And other will and commendable qualifications befitting their degrees
And I devise nominate and appoint my aforesaid living friends Mr Robert ELLIS and Mr William PITT (21) to be overseers of this my last will and testament And to be assisting with the best advice they can to my said executrix in the disposing and improving of my children's portions and in the due orderly execution of this my last will And I do give to each of them my said overseers twenty pounds a piece for a piece of Plate as a token of my thankfulness for their pains and care to be taken in the premises
And my will in
and desire is and I doe hereby order and appoint that my said executrix shall have the management of the aforesaid legacies moneys and portions given and appointed to my said children as well out of my Personal Estate as out of moneys proceeding of the sale of my lands before appointed to be sold and of the rents and profits of the same until such
sale And likewise the rents and profits of my lands before devised to
my said sonne Richard And shall dispose and employ the said legacies
moneys and portions of my said Children and the said Rents and profits of the said lands given to my said son Richard at interest or in some
other way of profit taking and following always and from time to
time in such disposing thereof the advice and approbation of my aforesaid overseers or the survivor of them if the same may be conveniently had (until the same portions moneys legacies and rents shall respectively
become due and payable to my said Children to and for the use and benefit of my
And my will and desire is that my said Children shall be decently maintained educated and brought up according
to their degrees and qualities by and out of the increase and interest of their
said respective legacies portions and rents (vizt) each of them out of the
profits and increase of his and her own estates and portions at the discretion
Memorandum that in this my will in folio 5 in line twenty is interlined (William PITT of Dorchester Merchant (21)) And in the last line of that folio (William PITT) And in folio 9 and line 9 I have interlined (William PITT) All done with my own hand to declare that it is my last will mind and meaning that the said William PITT of Dorchester Merchant be joined with Mr Robert ELLIS of London Merchant a trustee for the sale of my land at Sharpham Park my wife also being added as in the will And that he be one of the overseers of this my willIn Witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and Seal 21st day of August 1667 Richard DAVIDGE Signed Sealed Published and declared this 21st August 1667 in presence of. Signed Sealed published and declared Johas DOUGHTY Elizabeth SULE
Probate: [Note:- My Latin leaves a great deal to be desired and I would welcome comment from anyone who actually knows what they are doing. It is difficult to even be sure that I have correctly transcribed the words which are written in secretary hand in latin. My best attempt is:-)
Proved was the above written testament (will) at the Strand in the County of Middlesex before Sir William MERICKE (20) Doctor at Law --Keeper of Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury on 11th day of the month of December in the year of Our Lord One Thousand Six Hundred and Sixty Seven on oath of Catherine DAVIDGE relict and executrix named in the testament is granted administration of the estate of the deceased+.
(1) Richard DAVIDGE Senior was the son and heir of Thomas DAVIDGE, a successful merchant in Dorchester, by his wife Sarah GREEN and was born in Dorchester in the parish of St Peters. He completed his own pedigree in 1664 at the Visitation of Kent 1663/8 - See page 46 which shows he married circa 1652 to Katherine the daughter of Thomas Stanford of Barkby Leicestershire. See transcription of his father's Will dated 9th December 1613 which was proved 23 Feb 1614.
(2). The word "Rose" refers to the cut of the diamond which resembles the shape of a rose. A "Table" cut diamond is so named for the simple fact that the top is flat, like an ordinary table. Each of the four sides has a simple facet similar to a bevel.
(3). The baptism of Richard DAVIDGE Junior the 3rd child and 1st son son of Richard DAVIDGE Senior took place at St Alfege church Greenwich Kent in Jan 1655/6 - See IGI and CLDS Film FHL BRITISH Film 363062 The actual images are available on Ancestry.com - This page is damaged and the actual date of baptism missing but it was a few days after the 7th January and his surname is recorded as DAVAGE (image 54 Ancestry.com). He matriculated at St John's College Oxford 3rd apr 1674 at the age of 18 but appears to have never married and joined the Navy dying at the age of 36 his will being proved in 1691/2 and leaving everything to his younger brother John.
(4). The baptism of Thomas DAVIDGE the 4th child and 2nd son of RICHARD DAVIDGE took place at St Alfege church Greenwich Kent on 9th March 1656 but is recorded under the surname DAVADGE (Image 56 Ancestry.com)
(5). The baptism of John DAVIDGE the 5th child and 3rd son RICHARD DAVIDGE took place at St Alfege church Greenwich Kent on 27th April 1658 but is recorded under the surname DAVIGE (Image 58 Ancestry.com)
(6). The baptism of Stanford DAVIDGE the 6th child and 4th son RICHARD DAVIDGE took place at St Alfege church Greenwich Kent on 28th September 1659. Image 60 Ancestry.com shows he was born on the "10th day" presumably of Sept. He carry's his mothers maiden name and as he is not listed in the will it is assumed that he must have died prior to 1666.
(7). The baptism of Charles DAVIDGE the 7th child and 5th son of RICHARD DAVIDGE took place at St Alfege church Greenwich Kent on 5th October 1660 he was born on 21st Sep 1660 and it is recorded on Image 64 Ancestry.com as Charls DAVIDG.
(8). The baptism of Sarah DAVIDGE the 1st child of RICHARD DAVIDGE took place at St Alfege church Greenwich Kent on 28th July 1653. She was born on 18th May 1653 and an image of the original document is available via Ancestry.com. She was left £50 in the will of John Hill (1589-1657). She married Sir Henry GOULD (1643/4-1710) a judge ( possibly as his second wife ). His life is briefly covered in the Dictionary of National Biography which states "The visitation of 1672, in which he was described as twenty-eight years old, indicates that he had married Anne Trencher of Somerset, but other sources show that he married Sarah (c.1654–1733), daughter of Richard Davidge, a merchant, and indeed a son named Davidge was born about 1680" ---and ---"In the event he died in his chambers at Serjeant's' Inn, Chancery Lane, on 26 March 1710, leaving two sons, William and Davidge, father of Sir Henry Gould (1710–1794), and a daughter, Sarah, who was the mother of Henry Fielding". The Somerset Archive and record service have the GOULD FAMILY deeds, See their Ref DD\BR\vi/33 1677-1812 which includes the marriage settlement of Henry Gould of Middle Temple, London, esq., and Sarah Davidge of Sharpham Park, Glastonbury, involving property in Hampshire and Dorset, 1677;.
(9). The baptism of Katherine DAVIDGE the 2nd child and 2nd daughter of RICHARD DAVIDGE took place at St Alfege church Greenwich Kent in March 1654. It is the 1st entry on a damaged page the actual day being missing but is between 1st and the 10th of March 1654/5. Her birth date however is clear as 23rd Feb 1654/5 (image 53 Ancestry.com). She was left £50 in the will of John Hill (1589-1657).
(10). The baptism of Elizabeth DAVIDGE 8th child and 3rd daughter of RICHARD DAVIDGE has not been located but the parish register is badly damaged and there is an entry for 14 Sep 1662 which might be her.
(11). The baptism of Anne DAVIDGE 9th child and 4th daughter of RICHARD DAVIDGE has not been found but again the parish register is badly damaged in parts. We know she was born after 1664 as she is not listed at the Visitation and before 1666 when he wrote his will.
(12). The marriage has not been found between Richard DAVIDGE Senior and Katherine the daughter of Thomas STANFORD of Barkby in the County of Leicestershire (See Visitation Davidge Kent)
(13). Richard HILL Junior's marriage to Sarah DAVIDGE (Richard Davidge Senior's sister) is recorded in William Whiteway's diary as taking place on 20th July 1630
(14). Gifford BALE's marriage to Joane DAVIDGE (also a sister of Richard Davidge Senior) is recorded in William Whiteway's diary as taking place on 10th April 1632 so this is likely to have been in Dorchester either All Saints or St Peters where records have not survived. The Municipal Records of Dorchester show that on 26th July 1632 Gifford Bale was admitted as a Freeman of Dorchester and according to David Underdown in his book 'Fire from Heaven' he was Constable of the town in 1639. The likelihood is that they left Dorchester along with John Hill during the Civil War and lived in London. I can trace two baptisms for children of a Gifford and Joane Bale in London St Dunstan's in the East (Mary 13 Nov 1649 - and Em 24 Sep 1647) and these are likely to have been two of their later children. A Joane Bale, of St Dunstan in the West, also left a Will which is at the National Archives and was proved 26 Nov 1679.
(15). I am fairly sure that this refers to the Leeson Farm at Langton Matravers. It has been an estate since saxon times. Many Documents are held at the Dorset History center and are indexed on the National Archives A2A website relating to this farm. Document D/SEN/18/10/1 1702-1813 for example has an index entry which states "Schedule of deeds to Langton Matravers, the property of the Archers, the Savages and the Bowers and cottages at Coombe and on the Leeson estate".
(16). Herston is another old saxon estate situated next to Leeson and herston farm is shown on Bray's map of 1890
(17). Sandwiche is shown on 'Treswell's Map of the Isle of Purbeck dated 1586
(18). old name for Swanage During its history the bay was listed variously as Swanawic, Swanwich, Sandwich, and only in more recent history as Swanage
(19). Today Sharpham Park is a 300 acre historic park west of the village of 'Street' in Somerset and close to Glastonbury. You will see from this link that the park was owned at one time by Sir Henry GOULD (1643/4-1710) who married Richards eldest daughter Sarah DAVIDGE See Note:- 8 above.
(20). This is Sir William ME(Y)RICKE who is listed in the Oxford Alumni - He was educated at New College Oxford was a Doctor of Common Law 1627, Advocate of Doctor's Commons 1629; a member of Lincoln's Inn 1640; Judge of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1641; Knighted 1661; and died 1668.
(21). William PITT (d 1687) of Dorchester - His pedigree is given in the 1677 Visitation of Dorset showing that his grandparents were John PITT of Blandford & Joane the daughter of Richard Swayne of Tarrent Gunville - his parents were Thomas PITT of Blandford & Priscilla SEARLE of Hayle in Devon. William Pitt was govenor of the co of Freemen in Dorchester in 1655; elected a Capital Burgess in 1662 and Mayor of the town in 1667, the same year he was overseer of Richard Davidge's above will. William Pitt's will is at the National Archives PRO 11/ 390 and was proved 10 Feb 1688. He was buried in All Saints Church Dorchester 12 May 1687. Jane Pitt his widow was buried there on 6 Feb 1690/1