NOTE:- Letters of Administration: When a person died intestate [i.e. leaving no will] the next of kin or a close friend would often have to apply to the probate court for Letters of Administration to enable them to take possession of and distribute the estate. The term 'estate' refers to the chattels, cash, debts and leases of the deceased. The ecclesiastical courts had no jurisdiction over bequests of freehold property. The applicant had to swear that there was no will, that the applicant would pay all funeral expenses and debts, administer truly, and submit a true inventory and account of his/her stewardship. The inventory itemised the estate held by the deceased, including leases, chattels, debts owed and owing, cash, crops, stocks and slaves. No account of real estate (land) was normally taken in estimates and totals. The Court then granted Letters of Administration and might require the administrator to enter into a bond to administer the estate faithfully, in which case a copy of the act was endorsed on the document. |
A Bond is a binding agreement with a penalty for non performance. A bond deed is in two parts, the Obligation and the Condition. Before 1733 the Obligation, which records the penalty, was written in Latin. The Condition describes what the bonded person has undertaken to do, or otherwise committed himself or herself to (e.g. administer an estate), and was always in English.
My Latin is not good enough to do a proper translation of the first paragraph so I have confined myself to a summary of key facts to help make sense of the document.
In Latin - Rough summary of Key facts:
--- the Honourable Henry JONES Doctor at Law
----on the 9th day in the month of February in the year of Our Lord 1691 and in the third year of the reign of William & Mary King and Queen of England, Scotland, France and Ireland , and defender of the Faith.
And if it shall hereafter appear that any last will and Testament was made by the said deceased and the Executor or Executors therein named do exhibit the same into the said Court making request to have it allowed and approved accordingly if the said Ethelred CHANNELL above bound being thereunto required do render and deliver the said letters of Administration
(approbation of such Testament being first had and made) in the said Court
obligation to be void and of none effect or else to remain in full force and virtue
Signed Gulielium [William] HUDDY
(1). William CHANNEL married Ethel BONGER at St Georges Church Fordington on 19th November 1685
(2). A daughter Mary CHANNEL was baptised at Fordington on Christmas day 1686.