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Comprehensive Index with Bibliographical Notes to Mackie, S. J.

A Descriptive and Historical Account of Folkestone and its Neighbourhood with Gleanings from the Municipal Records,

Reprinted from the "Folkestone Express". 2nd edition. Folkestone, Kent, England: Printed and Published by J. English, 1883.

Version 1.0
compiled by
Richard Alan Nelson, Ph.D.
Manship School of Mass Communication
Louisiana State University
Baton Rouge, LA 70803-7202 USA
August 2003

NOTE: I have diligently worked to make sure the information is as correct as possible. However, I cannot guarantee that errors have not crept into the document. Suggestions, corrections, and other comments are appreciated. They will be incorporated in an updated version as appropiate. Contact me via email at Richard Nelson




Doctor William Harvey, The Discoverer of the Circulation of the Blood, Born at Folkestone, A.D. 1578, frontispiece
The Stade-Folkestone Harbour in 1830, title page, and 1
Entrenchments on the Chalk Downs.-"Caesar's Camp", 3
The Bayle Pond in 1854, 10
Seal of Folkestone Priory, 20
The Parish Church in 1855, 22
The Mayoralty Seal, 40
The Corporate Seal, 41
Martello Tower at Copt Point, 61
Old Forge and Houses of the Port, 73
The Custom House, 77
Folkestone from the Lees, 81
Fisherman's Row, Near the Tramway, 84
The Pent Stream in 1856, 86
The Ancient Poorhouse, 89
The Harbour, Pavilion, and Bayle Cliff, 93
Bathing Establishment, 95
The Viaduct, from Park Farm, 100
Old Manor House Near Park Farm, 101
Plan of Caesar's Camp, 103
The Parish Church as Restored, 107
Early English Windows in the Chancel of Folkestone Church, 110
Tomb of a Knight, 111
The Herdson Monument, 112
Interior of Folkestone Church Before the Repewing, 113
The Baptist Chapel, 120
Interior of Hawkinge Church, 149
Interior of Capel Church, 151
Preceptory, Saint John's, Swingfield, 155
Swingfield Church, 157
Church and Village of Alkham, 159
Saint Radegund's Abbey, 162
Sandgate, from the Cliff, 168
Camp at Shorncliffe, 173
Interior of Cheriton Church Before Restoration, 176
Entrance Gateway, Saltwood Castle, 181
The Gateway-Tower, Saltwood Castle, 183
Hythe Church from Canal, 187
Interior of Hythe Church Before Its Restoration, 192
Exterior of Hythe Church, 194
Chapel of Our Lady at West Hythe, 197
Roman Castrum at Lympne, 201
Lyminge Church with the Flying Buttress, 213
Old Chest at Elham Church, 225
Rosamond's Tower, Westenhanger, 228
Westenhanger, from the Bridge, 231
Monk's Horton Priory, West Front, 235
Interior of Brabourne Church, 240
Newington Church and Beachborough, 247
Copt Point, from the East Pier, 250
The Warren and Copt Point, from Abbot's Cliff, 252
Fac-Similie of a Page of the Municipal Records, with Jurat's Signatures, Reduced to One Fourth Its Size, frontispiece before 257
Disbursements and Receipts, 1765 (Table), 295
Bull Dog Steps and Spring, 303

COMPILER'S NOTE: Individuals with the same forename and surname (such as a father and son, i.e., John de Sandwich; or ancestor and descendant, i.e., William d'Averanches or various Lords John Clinton) are generally grouped together, so the reader will have to make note of the context to clarify who is really who.


Abba (Saxon thane, died 835 AD), 221
Abbess at Lyminge Monastery, 222
Abbess of Guisnes (in Artois), 248
Abbey in Hythe, 190, 193
Abbey of Guisnes (in Artois), 248
Abbey of Pontenac, 208
Abbot of Bee, in Normandy, 164
Abbot of Cluny, 239
Abbot of Leicester, 154
Abbot of Lolley, 145
Abbot of Saint Radegund's Abbey, 150, 152, 163, 178
Abbot's Cliff, 152, 252 (illustration)
Abbot's Land, 300
Abingdon, 142
Aclea, 218
Acre, 167
Acrise, Kent, 26, 153, 154
Act for the Well Governing and Regulating of Corporations (1662), 56
Act of Oblivion (1651), 293
Act of Parliament, 347
Act of Parliament (1641), 337
Act of Parliament (1766), 72
Act of Parliament (1767), 270
Act of Parliament (1807), 74
Act of Parliament regulating apparel (circa 1562), 348
Act to Abolish the House of Peers and Monarchy (1651), 293
Adeliza (Countess of Eu), 237
Adelose, Hamo de, 237
Adelose, Robert de, 237
Admiral's Court, 290
advertisements, 73, 306
Aesop (620-563 BC), 144
Ainsworth (likely a reference to William Harrison Ainsworth, 1805-1882, a popular British author of historical romances), 229
Akeley, Buckinghamshire, 144
Alban (Saint), 229
Albini, Philip d', 32
Albrincis, William de, 17 (see William d'Averanches)
alcoholic beverages (wine, spirits, and beer), 33, 39, 46, 65, 66, 263, 266, 277, 289, 290, 292, 304-306, 348 (see also victuallers)
Aldinge, Peter de (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Aldington Church, 205-206
Aldington, Kent, 205-206
Aldington Knoll, 206
Alfred of Beverly, 10
Algeers (Algeria), North Africa, 53, 279
Alkham Church (Saint Anthony the Martyr), 158, 159 (illustration), 160, 161
Alkham family, 158-159
Alkham, Kent, 17, 18, 158, 159 (illustration), 160, 161, 162
Aloysius (Saint, 122)
Amboise, France, 182
Amedeo (Earl of Savoy), 166
Amiens, 32
Anabaptists, 119, 121, 346
The Anchor (public house in Folkestone), 306
ancient Britons, 5, 193, 210-212 and passim
ancient coins, 27, 164, 206
ancient Romans, 2-4, 7, 11-12, 27, 30, 102-103, 181, 195, 200, 201 (illustration), 202, 203, 204, 206, 209, 223
Anderida (forest), 219
Andrews, Thomas (of Dover), 330
Aneurin (author of Golodin of Aneurin), 7
Angell, John, 350
Angell, Judith (widow), 352
Angell, William, 294
Anglo-Saxon antiquities and collections, 241, 244, 246
Anglo-Saxon charter, 221
Anglo-Saxon monasteries, 218, 221 (see also specific monasteries)
Anglo-Saxons (see Saxons)
Anne (Queen), 58
Anne of Cleves, 134
Anselm (Saint, 1033-1109, Archbishop of Canterbury), 11
Anthony (Saint), 159, 232
anti-papistic displays, 58, 178, 313 (see also Roman Catholics, and Popes)
antiquities and relics, 1, 2, 5, 12, 27, 103-104, 141, 144, 164, 165-166, 195, 202-204, 206, 216, 225-226, 231-232, 241, 244, 246
Antwerp, 132
Appledor (Appledore), 60, 200
Apprenticeship in Trade No Abatement to Gentility, Only Making it Sleep or be in Abeyance During the Term of the Indentures by John Philipott, 142
aqueduct at Broadmead, 9
Aquinas, Thomas, 225
Archbishop Arundel's Register (Regis. Arundel, Archiep.), 145
Archbishop Islep's Register (Reg. Islep, Archiep. Cantuar.), 145
Archbishop Morton's Register (Reg. Morton, Archiep.), 145
Archbishop of Canterbury, 10, 11, 25, 43, 46, 47, 107, 145, 146, 174, 182, 183, 184, 185, 188, 189, 208, 214, 215, 221, 222, 239, 242, 259, 260, 292, 294, 344 (see also individual Archbishops)
Archbishop of Croydon, 46
Archbishop of York, 47
Archbishop Sudbury's Register (Reg. Sudbury, Archiep.), 145
Archbishop Wareham's [Warham] Register (Reg. Wareham, Archiep.), 146
Archbishop Wilteseye's [Whittlesey] Register (Reg. Wiltesey, Archiep.), 145
Arcis family, 128
Arcy, 125
Arcy, Robert d', 125
Arden, 17
Aristotle (ancient philosopher and scientist), 138
Armada, 50-51 (see also Spain and the Spanish)
Armstead, H. H. (R.A., architect), 195
Arsick, 16
Arsick, William d' (Knight), 16
Articles of the Church, 119, 346
Artois, 248
Arundel, [Thomas] (Archbishop of Canterbury), 145
Arundel House, 142
Arundel, Sussex, 238
Ash, near Sandwich, 21
Ashford, Kent, 143, 227, 291, 337
Ashforde, John (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Asmodeus, 226
assessment book, 302
Atgefrin (royal residence), 212
Athelstan (King), 10, 13
Auberville family, 229 Aubrey, [John] (author, Naturall Remarques of the County of Wiltshire), 140
Aucher family, 222
Aucher, Anne, 222
Aucher, Anthony (Commissioner of Folkestone), 57
Aucher, Anthony (Sir), 90, 222
Aucher, Anthony (Sir, Master of the Jewels), 21, 22, 223
Augmentation Office, 19 Augustine (Saint), 8, 216, 229
Augustinian monks, 214-217
Augustino-Gregorian controversy, 214-217
Aula Regis, 127
Averanche family, 150, 158, 161, 165
Averanches family, 16, 17, 125, 126
Averanches, Matilda d', 126
Averanches, Normandy, 17 (see also individual Averanches)
Averanches, Ruallanus d', 17, 125
Averanches, Simon d', 126
Averanches, William d' (Knight; Count of Averanches in Normandy; Sir; Lord of Folkestone; also known as William de Albrincis), 11, 16, 17, 92, 107, 110, 125, 126
Aylesford, 5, 6


Bacon, Thomas (Thos), 52
Bail Sole, 346
the Baile (see the Bayle)
Bailey, John, 62
Bailey, Michael (Jurat of Folkestone), 56
Baines (Prior of Folkestone), 44
Bains, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone), 258, 259, 260
Bainys, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Baker family of Coldham, 108, 152
Baker, Alicia (wife of John Baker), 108
Baker, Edmund (Jurat of Folkestone), 57
Baker, Edward, 298
Baker, John (alive in 1765), 296
Baker, John (died 1464), 108
Baker, John (Jurat of Folkestone, later Mayor of Folkestone in 1624), 266, 267
Baker, John (of Calais), 266
Baker, John (of Coldham), 152
Baker, Leonard (Jurat of Folkestone), 315, 329-330
Baker, S. (Mr.), 296 Baker, Thomas (alive in 1765), 295
Baker, Thomas (Esquire, Mayor of Folkestone, alive in 1624), 311
Baker, Thomas (Esquire, Mayor of Folkestone, alive in 1808), 74, 311
Baker, Thomas (Jurat of Folkestone, alive in 1592), 277, 314
Baker, Thomas S. (alive in 1815), 304
Banes, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone), 260
Bank-End Gate, 265-266
Banker's Gate, 45
Banns, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone), 260
Bannys, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Banys, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone), 258, 259, 260
Baptist Chapel in Folkestone, 120 (illustration) (see also Baptists)
Baptists, 119-122, 346
Barbarot, Nicholas (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Barbary corsair, 54
Bardelby, Robert de, 166
Barham, Richard Harris (see Ingoldsby, Thomas)
Barking, 63
Baron of Longford, 136
Baron of Raleigh, 182
Baron of the Exchequer, 164
Barons of Hythe, 178
Barony of Averanches, 16-17
Barret, Elizabeth, 287
Barrett, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 21, 146
Bartholomew (Saint), 108, 191, 267, 276
Barton, Edward, 287
Barton, Henry, 287
Barton, Mary, 205
Basely, Thomas, 287
Bassett, Thomas (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 21, 146
Bassus (soldier), 212
Bateman, (Mr.), 343
Bateman, James (owner White Hart Inn), 63
Bates' Hotel (Folkestone, in Sandgate Road), 96
Bath stone dressings, 121-122
Bathing Establishment, 95 (illustration), 96
the Battery, 90
Battle at Aylesford, 5
Battle at Reading, 182
Battle of Crayford, 5
Battle of Edgehill, 138
Battle of Heathfield (October 12, 633 AD), 212
Battle of the "Lech Titleu," or Stone of Titleu, 7
Battle of the Spurs, 35
Battle of Wyppedesfleot (Ebbsfleet), 6, 7
Battle on the River Derwent (the Darent), 6
Battle with the Danes (842), 193
Baxendale (Mr., Chairman of the South Eastern Railway Company), 75, 274
Baxter (likely refers to English nonconformist clergyman Richard Baxter, 1615-1691, author of The Saints' Everlasting Rest and many other works), 226
Bayeaux, 16
the Bayle and Bayle pond or sole, 4, 9, 10 (illustration), 22, 90, 93 (illustration), 119, 298, 347
Bayle Cliff, 93 (illustration)
Bayle Stairs, 49
Bayle Street, 22, 297 Bayly, John (alive in 1801), 349
Baynard's Castle, London, 259
Baynes, Canon (Reverend, Broad churchman, Vicar at Trinity Church), 117
Bayonne, 33
Beachborough, Kent, 148, 246, 247 (illustration), 300
Becket, Thomas à (Archbishop of Canterbury; Saint), 104, 182, 183
Bede ("The Venerable Bede", 673-735 AD, Saint, a Northumbrian monk who completed Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum in 731 AD), 211, 212
Bedgebery, 46
Beechborough (home), 300
Bekesborn, 47
Bell (Mrs.), 196
Bellerica, 205
Bellevue, 205
Bendgeman, Thomas, 305
Benedict (Saint), 237
Benedictine nuns, 127
Benedictine Order, 9, 11
Benet (Saint), 142
Bennett, Bartholomew, 264
Bennett, John, 264
Beornthrytha (wife of Duke Oswulf), 220
Berevig, 218
Bergavenny, 128
Berklyn, Jace, 42
Berkshire, 137
Bernard, Robert (Sir, Lord Mayor of London), 316
Bersted, 143
Bertram, 7, 8
Bethersden marble, 114, 159, 160, 177, 185, 241
Bethersden (town), 219
Beverly, 10
Beverly, Robert (Vicar of the Chapel of Our Lady in West Hythe), 197
Bill of Attainder, 134
Bilsington, Kent, 186
Bishop of Bayeux (William the Conqueror's half brother), 16
Bishop of Coventry, 166
Bishop of Hereford, 157
Bishop of Lincoln, 34, 48
Bishop of London, 34
Bishop of Rochester, 48, 126, 191
Bishop of Winchester, 34
Bishop Suffragan of Dover, 116
Bishops Enbrooke ("The Oaks"), 177
Bishops wick, 220
Bishopswick Marsh, 219
Black-hole (prison cell), 92 (see also prisoners and prison cells)
blacksmiths and forges, 73, 132, 233, 286, 341
Blackwose Chapel (Cheriton, on road leading from Sine Farm to Hythe), 177-178
Blackwose, Kent, 177-178
Blake, [Robert] (Admiral), 342
Blanch Lion (heraldry), 141-142
Blanche, daughter of King Henry IV, 159
Blandford (Mr., architect of Maidstone), 91
Bluntesden, Henry de (King's almoner), 166
Bobbingseta marsh lands, 220
Bolden, John, 295
Boleyn, 190
bonfires, 25, 58, 296, 345
Book of Domesday (see Domesday Book)
Book of Martyrs (two books of the period share this title, the most famous authored by John Foxe and the other by Amos Blanchard), 134
Borklyn, Jean, 340
Borough Police Force, 91
Bosanquet, Claude (Reverend, Evangelical churchman at Christ Church), 117
Botulfe (Botolph, Botulph, Botulppe, Buttol; Saint), 27, 28, 300
Boulogne (Boleyne), France, 13, 29, 65, 75, 79, 82, 131, 168, 223, 283
boundary stones and markers, 7, 23, 218, 249, 300
Bourchier (Cardinal), 222
Bouverie Road, 88
Bouverie, Edward Des (Sir, Bart.), 136
Bouverie, Jacob, 136
Bouverie, Jacob (Earl of Radnor), 137
Bouverie, Jacob (Esquire, Lord of the Manor), 72, 282, 287
Bouverie, Jacob Des (Sir, Bart., Baron of Longford, Viscount Folkestone), 136
Bouverie, Jacob Pleydell (Earl of Radnor), 137
Bouverie, Pleydell (Baron), 137
Bouverie, William (Earl of Radnor), 136-137
Bouverie, William Des (Sir, Bart.), 136
Bouverie, William Pleydell, 137
Bouverie/Bouveries family, 136-137
Bouveries, Edward Des (turkey merchant, Knight), 136
Bouveries, Jacob Des (Esquire), 136, 306
Bouveries, Laurence Des, 136
Bowles, John (fisherman), 282-283
Boxer, Jacob, 295
Boxer, Richard (alive in 1765), 295
Boxer, Richard (victualler and inn keeper circa 1710-1730), 306
boy (fisherman, victim of crime), 59 (see also Bowles, John)
Boys, John (Sir, legal advisor to the town of Folkestone in 1606), 278, 352
Boyton, 17
Brabourne Church, 237, 240 (illustration), 241-242
Brabourne, Kent, 237, 240-242
Bradsole, 164
brasses, memorials, monuments, statues, stone coffins, and tombs, 12, 110, 111 (illustration), 112 (illustration), 116, 123, 135, 141, 142-143, 150, 151, 155, 158, 160, 164-165, 167, 168, 176-177, 185, 190, 196, 204, 207, 208, 216, 223, 227- 228, 236, 241, 242, 247-248, 249, 331, 332, 343
Breach (Mr., of the Pavilion Hotel), 173
Bredmer family, 149
Bridge at Sea Gate, 302, 347
Bridge from Westenhanger, 231 (illustration)
Bridgman, Mother, 42
Bridgwater, 144
A Brief Historical Discourse on the Origin and Growth of Heraldry, Demonstrating Upon What Rational Foundations that Noble and Heroic Science is Established by Thomas Philipott (1672), 144
Brihtwald (Abbot at Lyminge Monastery), 222
Brisley (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Britaigne, John de, 166
British and National Schools, 87
British Museum, 138, 213, 239
British School, 121
Briton brikes (Roman bonding tiles), 1, 4, 11-12, 27
Broad Street, 45
Broadhull, 25
Broadmead family, 149
Broadmead, Kent, 9, 149
Broadstone, 347
Brockhull family of Saltwood, 149
Brockhull, John de (of Saltwood), 26
Brockhull, William de, 177
Brockman family, 177, 247-248, 300
Brockman, Henry (Esquire, died 1630) and memorial brass in Newington Church, 247, 300
Brockman, William (Sir), 248
Brodan, Robert (French fisherman), 60, 283-284
Brome Park, 248
Brome, James (Reverend, Rector of Cheriton Church, Chaplain to the Cinque Ports, Vicar of Newington, author of Travels over England, Scotland, and Wales, died 1719), 175, 193
Brome, Kent, 136, 248-249
Bromley, 143
Brown, Claude (Reverend, curate at Hythe), 195
Browne, John, 323
Browne, Launcelot, 138
Browne, Thomas, and his wife Margaret, 319
Buckhurst (Lord), 46, 230, 344
Buckinghamshire, 144, 178
Buckland, Kent, 157
Bull Dog Steps and Spring, 303 (illustration)
Bunfield, John, 295
Burden, Robert, and wife, 42, 320
Burges, John (Councilman of Folkestone), 57
Burgh, Hubert de (Chief Justice of England), 127, 208
Burke (Mr., mosaic artist, Venice, Italy), 196
Burns, [Robert] (poet, 1759-1796, quote is from The Twa Dogs written in 1786), 147
bust and monument to Doctor William Harvey erected in church at Hempsted, Essex, 141
Buttol's forestall, 28
Byrley, William de, 166


Cadiz (Cales), Spain, 25, 50, 51, 342-343
Cadwalla's rebellion, 212
Caen stone arches and facings, 159, 191
Caen, France, 87, 159, 166, 191
Caen, John de, 166
Caesar, Caius Julius (Roman General and head of state, author of Commentaries on the Gallic War), 2, 3, 4, 5, 102, 103, 149, 229 (see also ancient Romans)
Caesar's Camp, 3 (illustration), 102, 103 (illustration), 104, 149
Cailkville, James (French fisherman), 60, 283-284
Calais (Callais), France, 29, 34, 35, 59, 65, 152, 222, 266, 283, 288
Cales (see Cadiz)
Cambridge University, 137
Cambridge, 137, 143, 174
Camden, [William] (historian, author of Britannia; History of the Most Renowned and Victorious Princess Elizabeth; and Remains Concerning Britaine ), 6, 49, 142
Campbell (Lord), 127
Campbell, [Jane Montgomery] (poet, 1817-1878; quote is from Wandering I Found on My Ruinous Walk), 227
canals, 175, 187 (illustration)
Candidus, Hugo ("Hugh") (a twelfth century monk who chronicled episodes in the history of the monastery at Peterborough with certain national events between the years 655 and 1177), 212
Canterbury Cathedral, 10, 13, 129-130
Canterbury Grammar School, 137
Canterbury Road, 104, 118, 122, 149, 248 Canterbury, Kent, 10, 11, 13, 16, 25, 46, 47-48, 62, 98, 104, 129-130,136, 137, 146, 150, 182, 183, 184, 186, 188, 197, 209, 215, 216, 218, 220, 221, 222, 239, 288, 331, 336, 344 (see also Archbishop of Canterbury)
Canute (King), 13, 15, 188
Capel Church (Saint Mary le Merge), 150, 151 (illustration), 152
Capel, Kent, 150, 151, 152
Capgrave, [John] (editor and author of Nova Legenda Angliæ), 11
Carden, Thomas (Town Clerk of Folkestone), 312
Carisbrooke Castle, 24
Carlaverock, Scotland, 127
Carr, Katherine, 287
Carr, Thomas (a miller and "a teacher" of dissenting protestants), 119, 346
Carre, Jean (French fisherman), 60, 283-284
Carter, John (Jurat of Folkestone), 56
Caseborn, 17
Caseborne Mansion, 175
Castle Hill, 2
Castle Hole, 169
Castle Yard (Castel Yarde), 26-27
The Catalogue of Honour (1610) by Robert Glover with the assistance of Thomas Mills, 143
Catalogue of the Chancellors of England (1636) by John Philipott, 142
Categern, 6
Catherine (Abbess of Guisnes), 248
Catherine (Queen, wife of King Henry VIII), 134
Catherine-wheels of the Scotts, 207
Cemetary at Coolinge, 123
Cenulf (King), 249
Ceolnoth (Archbishop), 221
Ceritone, Odo de, 177
Ceritone, Waleran de, 177
cesses, 50-51, 54-55, 293-295, 343, 352 (see also taxes, tributes, levies, duties, and tithes)
Chalk Cliffs, 4, 63, 82, 168 (illustration), 169, 250 (illustration), 251
Chalk Downs, 3 (illustration), 9, 148
Chalybeate Spring, 100-101
Chamberlain of Folkestone (Town Warden of Folkestone), 37, 41, 46, 54, 265, 268, 276, 286, 287, 288, 295, 296, 308, 312
Chamberlain's accounts, 265, 287, 295, 296
Champneys family (of Westenhanger), 231-232
Chancery Lane, 20
Chapel at Westenhanger, 232-233
Chapel dedicated to St. John, Westenhanger, 229
Chapel Field, 27, 178
Chapel of Our Lady (West Hythe), 196, 197 (illustration)
Chapel of Overland, 21-22
Chapel of Richborough, 21-22
Chapel of Saint Botulfe, 27-28
Chapel of Smeeth, 206-207
Chapelry of Stanford, 218
Chapman, Charles James (Folkestone Parish Churchwarden), 116
Chapman, George, 312
Chapman, James (of Patrixbourne), 330
Chapman, John (Jurat of Folkestone, alive in 1599), 52
Chapman, John (labourer in 1696), 322
Chapman, John (member of town council, alive in 1582), 315
Chapman, Stephen (Jurat of Folkestone), 57
Chapman, Stephen (Mayor of Folkestone), 279
Chapter House (in Westminster), 20
Charles (Emperor), 49
Charles I (Charles Stuart, King), 55, 114, 135, 138, 155, 175, 248, 268, 293, 316, 336
Charles II (King), 92, 136, 277
Charter of Incoporation (Town and Port of Hythe), 189
charter of inspeximus, 17
Charter of King Wihtraed (697 AD), 218
Charter of year 740, 219
Charters of Incorporation (Folkestone, 1313 and 1326), 258-267, 277 and passim (see also Folkestone Corporation)
Cheeseman, William, 305
The Chequers (public house in Folkestone), 306
Cheriton Church, 175, 176 (illustration), 177, 193
Cheriton Manor, 177
Cheriton, Kent, 17, 19, 148, 175-177, 193
Cherry Gardens, 7, 9, 63, 101
Cheryton, Nicholas (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Cheshunt, Hertfordshire, 136
Chester, 129
Chichely or Chicheley, [Henry] (1363-1443, Archbishop of Canterbury), 184
Chilton, Thomas (died 1501) and wife, 248
Chislet, Kent, 186
cholera, 54 (see also illness)
Christ Church (in Sandgate Road), 117, 118
Christ's Church at Canterbury, 188
Christchurch, 220
Christmas Eve, 64
Christopher (Saint), 232
Christopher, John, 312
Christopher, Richard, 315
Chronicles of Froissart (by Jean "Sir John" Froissart), 23
Church Gate, 346
Church of Polton, 163, 164
Church of Purley in Essex, 237
Church of Saint Benet, Paul's Wharf, London, 142
Church of Saint Gregory, 215
Church of Saint Mary (at Lyminge), 185
Church of Saint Mary and Saint Eanswith (see Folkestone Parish Church)
Church of Saint Mary-le-Bow, 260
Church of SS. Michael and All Angels (Dover Road), 117-118
church wardens, 307
Cinque Ports, 15, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 43, 44, 49, 129, 175, 182, 188, 201, 229, 262, 277, 288, 293, 306, 326, 335-338, 340, 349-350 (see also Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports)
Civil War, 142
Clare Hall, Cambridge, 143
Clarendon (public house in Folkestone), 97
Clark, James, 296
Clarke, John (died 1501, Vicar at Newington Church), 248
Clarke, John (Folkestone resident), 319
Clement (Saint), 47
Cleves, Germany, 134
Cliffe at Lewes, Sussex, 326
Clifton Gardens, 96
Clinton/Clynton (Lord), 1, 26, 27, 43, 135, 185, 230, 258-260 (see also individuals)
Clinton family, 23, 128-130, 135
Clinton, Edward (Lord, Admiral, Governor of Boulogne, Lord High Admiral, Knight of the Garter, Earl of Lincoln), 131
Clinton, Henry Pelham Fiennes Pelham (Duke of Newcastle, Secretary of War), 128
Clinton, John (Lord Clinton), 18, 129-130
Clinton, John (Sir), 92
Clinton, John de (Sir), 129
Clinton, John de, 26
Clinton, Thomas (Lord), 130-131
Clinton, William (Lord), 130
Clinton, William de (Earl of Huntington), 128
Clinton, William de (Sir, Earl of Huntington; Justice of Chester; Constable of Dover Castle; Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports), 129, 130
Cloake, Alexander, 318
Cloke family monument, 112
Clotingham, Robert (Sir), 157
Cluniac monks, 236-237 (see Order of Cluny)
Cluny, 237, 239
Clynton (see Clinton)
coal dues, 293, 295, 352
Coast Brigade of the Royal Artillery, 90
Coast Guard, 61
Coastguard Preventive Service, 66
Cobham, Reginald (Lord, alive in 1331), 34
Cobham, [Thomas] (Lord, Archbishop of Canterbury in 1313), 46, 344
Cocklington, Yorkshire, 319
Codex. Dipl., Anglo-Sax. (belived to refer to the Codex Diplomaticus Aevi Saxonici by John Mitchell Kemble), 187
Coenwulf (King), 220
coffee tavern at Sandgate, 175
Coke, [Edward] (Lord, Sir, author of the Institutes of the Laws of England), 188
Cold Harbour, 205
Coldham family, 152
Coldham Manor, 152
Coldham, Kent, 108, 152
Cole Farm, 152
Coleridge, [Samuel Taylor] (poet, 1772-1834; quote is from The Nightingale written in 1798), 199
Coleshill, Berkshire, 137
Collectanea (by John Leland), 163
College at Wye, 248
College of Arms, 141
College of Surgeons, 138
Columbers, Philip de, 242
Combe, John (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Comes Littoris Saxonici (Count of the Saxon Shore), 30
Commentaries (by Julius Caesar), 3
Committee of Council on Education, 87
common assembly (common council), 38, 261, 264, 277, 307, 308, 309, 311, 314-316, 336, 351 and passim
Common Hall, 321
Communion, 48, 110
Congregational Church (in Tontine Street), 120-121
Congregationalist Mission Chapel at Sandgate, 175
Conon (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Conservatores Pacis (standing bodies of commissioners from both kingdoms with authority over crucial issues, such as the making of war and peace and the arbitration of disputes between the kingdoms), 128
Constable of Dover Castle, 229
Constable of England, 182, 234
constitution of Folkestone municipal government, 37-41
Contra Inanes Beatae Mildrethawe Usurpatores (tract by Gotcelinus), 213
Convent at Minster, 216
Convent of Bee, in Normandy, 164
Convent of Lewes, 237
Cook, Charles, 273
Cook, Thomas, 274
Coolinge Cemetary, 123
Coolinge, 123
Copt Point, 3, 4, 61 (illustration), 74, 82, 85, 90, 250 (illustration), 251, 252 (illustration), 272
Corinthian style, 120
Corke, John, and wife, 289
Corporation of Dover (see Dover Corporation)
Corporation of Folkestone (see Folkestone Corporation)
Corporation of Hythe (see Hythe Corporation)
Corsica, 62
Cosenton, William de (Lord of the Manor), 155
Cosmos (by Alexander von Humboldt), 242
Coton, Warwickshire, 136
Coules, F. (Esquire, Mayor), vi
Count of Flanders, 14
Count of the Saxon Shore, 30
Countess of Eu, 237
Countess of Holland, 34
Countess of Huntington, 121
Countess of Perch, 163
Court Hall, 334
Court Lodge (Coldham), 152
Court of Arches, 260
Court of Augmentation, 21
Court of Chancery, 152
Court of Record, 39, 40, 89, 260, 348
Court of Requests, 39
Court, Alice (widow), 266
Court-at-Street, 205
Courtenay, William (Archbishop of Canterbury), 183, 184, 185
Courts of Sessions, 39, 42
Coventry, 166
Cow Street, 301-302
Crabbe, [George] (poet, 1754-1832, the quote is from The Borough), 81
Cranmer, [Thomas] (Archbishop of Canterbury), 134, 184
Crayford, 5
Creaulle (Creal, "a man of faire possessions in Kent"), 168 (see also Criol)
the Crescent, 95
Cressy, 25
Crevequer family, 16, 18, 108, 126, 127
Crevequer, Adam de, 126
Crevequer, Agnes de, 127
Crevequer, Hamo de (Great Baron of Kent, Lord of Folkestone), 23, 126, 127
Crevequer, Robert de, 126, 127
Crevequeur, Robert (Knight), 16
criminal punishment (leg-bound inmates, press gangs etc.), 14, 31, 43, 91, 92, 263, 278-279, 290-291, 305 and passim
Criol family, 152-153, 229
Criol, 164
Criol, Alice, 229
Criol, Bertram de (Constable of Dover Castle, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, and Sheriff of Kent), 229
Criol, Bertram de (Great Baron of Kent), 164-165
Criol, John de
Criol, John, 165
Criol, Thomas (Sir), 229
Croft (Archdeacon of Saltwood Church), 185
Croft, William (member of town council, alive in 1582), 315
Cromwell (Earl of Essex), 184
Cromwell, Richard (Sir), 132
Cromwell, Thomas (Lord, Earl of Essex), 131-135, 184
Cromwell, William ("Protector"), 132
Cross of Cnerth Neet Neyth, 165-166
Crown (public house in Folkestone), 306
Croydon, 46
Crump, Robert, 295
Cubitt, William (Sir), 99
Cuckfield, 326
Cuenburga, 211
Cuichelm (King), 211
culet (culata), 219
Cullen, Richard, 324
Cullen, Thomas, 295
Culls, Henry (building contractor), 272
Culpepper, Mr., of Bedgebery, 46
Culverden, Robert (Jurat of Folkestone), 294
Cupland, near River, 164
Curate of Hythe, 291
Currie, Raikes (Esquire), 174
Curteis, Thomas (Town Clerk of Folkestone), 311
Curthose, Robert, 182
Cusaneia, William (Keeper of the Wardrobe to King Edward III), 222
Custom House, 62, 76, 77 (illustration), 78, 79
Customs of Court (four large parchment sheets with general laws in the Borough of Folkestone), 261
Cuthburt (Saint; Abbot at Lyminge Monastery and later Archbishop of Canterbury, died 760), 222
cutters, 64


D'Arcis family, 128
Dacre (Lord, of Hurstmonceaux), 130
Dacre, daughter of Lord, 130
Dadd (Mr.), 295
Dadson, Richard, 287
Darent River, 6
Darnley, 174
Dartmouth, 24
daughter of Launcelot Browne, 138
daughter of Sir Henry Saint John Mildmay, 137
daughter of Sir John Prior, 133
daughter of Sir Mark Pleydell, 137
daughter of Sir Thomas Peyton, 136
daughters of John Harvey, 287
Davey, John (the elder), 264
de Eventibus Angliae by Henry Knyghton, 194
de Foe, Daniel (author, who S.J. Mackie credits with writing A Journey Through England. However, de Foe actually wrote A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain, Divided Into Circuits or Journeys, while John Macky actually wrote A Journey Through England), 64
De Laudibus Legum Angliae: A Treatise in Commendation of the Laws of England by Jean "Sir John" Fortescue, 263
Deal Castle, 169
Deal, Kent, 62, 169
Dean of Chichester, 166
The Decameron by Giovanni Boccaccio, 226
Deed of Surender (15 November 1535), 19
Deedes (Mr.), 174
Deedes family (Hythe), 191
deeds (dedes), 17, 37, 43, 88-89, 106, 124, 163, 186, 267, 274, 332
Defoe, Daniel (see de Foe, Daniel)
Dengeness, 25
Denmark and the Danes, 10, 193, 200, 216, 220, 221
Denn, Thomas, 287
Denne, Catherine (Mrs.), 196
Denton Church, 249
Denton, Kent, 248-249
Derby, 34
Derwent River, 6
Des Bouverie/Bouveries family members (see Bouverie/Bouveries family and specific individuals)
Descent of King Stephen (1671) by Thomas Philipott (Philipot), 144
Deus miseratur (psalm), 48
Dibdin (poem quoted, is either Charles Dibdin, 1745-1814; his son Charles Dibdin, Jr.; homas John Dibdin, 1771-1841, or Thomas Frognall Dibdin, 1776-1841), 68
dikes (dykes), 9, 298, 300, 302
Diocesan Board, 87
Dispensary and Infirmary (hospital), 98
dissenters from the Church of England, 118-123, 346-347 (see also individual denominations)
Dixwell (Colonel, Lord of the Barony and Hundred of Folkestone), 156, 332
Dixwell family, 23, 135-136, 156, 249
Dixwell family memorials in Denton Church, 249
Dixwell, Basil (Sir; Lord of Folkestone), 294
Dixwell, Basil, 111
Dixwell, Basill (Esquire, Sir, Baronet), 135, 136
Dixwell, Bazil (Sir, Knight and Baronett, Lord of the Manor), 69
Dixwell, Mark, 135
Dixwell, William, 136
Dodd, John (artisan, sealmaker), 41
Domesday Book (Doomsday Book; Book of Domesday), 16, 125, 154, 188
Domesday Survey (Doomsday Survey), 16, 125, 154, 186, 221
Doridant, Charles (Esquire, Mayor of Folkestone), 96
Dorsetshire, 230
Dover (Dovor), 3, 4, 13, 15, 16, 17, 26, 28, 29, 30, 32, 33, 36, 38, 44, 46, 47, 50, 55, 56, 62, 63, 75, 82, 110, 116, 118, 122, 126, 129, 134, 146, 150, 154, 156, 158, 162, 166, 167, 171, 172, 174, 208, 218, 229, 230, 263, 277, 283, 286, 288, 290, 291, 300, 322, 330, 331, 333, 335-338, 343, 344, 349-350
Dover Castle, 17, 36, 46, 50, 55, 56, 110, 126, 129, 150, 167, 171, 229, 230, 290, 310, 338, 342
Dover Corporation, 335-337
Dover Lane, 347
Dover Road, 118, 122, 149, 301, 303
Dover Street, 288, 301, 302
Dover, Fulbert de (Knight), 16, 167
the Downs, 300
drapers and tailors (tayllours), 97, 286, 318
drapery and grocery store, 97
The Dreadnought (Royal Navy ship), 338
Drellingore farm houses, 161
Drokenesford, John de (Keeper of the King's Wardrobe), 166
The Drum (small inn at Stanford), 233
Dryden, [John] (English poet, dramatist, critic and translator, 1631-1700), 124
Duchess of York, 44, 258, 259
Duchy of Guienne, 34
Duck, John, 301
Dudley, Thomas (Earl of Warwick), 184
Dugdale, [William] (Sir, author of Monasticon Anglicanum, The History of Imbanking, and many other works), 146, 237, 238, 239, 260
Duke of Cambridge, 174
Duke of Newcastle, 128
Duke of Norfolk, 134
Duke of Richmond, 175
Duke of York, 170
Duncombe (Lord Faversham), 137
Duncombe, Anne, 137
Dungeness (Dengeness), Kent, 82, 169, 200
Dunkirk, France, 65
Dunn (Mrs.), 291
Dunn, Henry, 302
Dunne (Abbot at Lyminge Monastery), 222
Dunne, John, 301
Durlocks, Kent, 118, 300
Dymchurch wall, 169


Each End Hill, 246
Eadbald (King of Kent), 8, 17, 209, 210, 212, 214
Eadburg (Saint, sister of King Eadbald), 209, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 217, 224 (see also Ethelburga, and Monastery of Saint Eadburg)
Eadfleda, 212
Eadfrid, 211
Eanfled, 211
Eanswith (Saint, daughter of Eadbald; Sancta Eanswida; Saint Eanswide), 8, 9, 10, 12, 18, 20, 27, 40, 106, 213, 249, 302
Earl of Arundel, 238
Earl of Bridgwater, 144
Earl of Darnley, 174
Earl of Darnley, 174
Earl of Derby, 34
Earl of Essex (Lord), 35, 50, 51, 131, 182, 184, 292
Earl of Eu, 237
Earl of Guilford, 56
Earl of Hereford, 34
Earl of Huntington, 128, 129, 130
Earl of Lincoln, 131
Earl of Mercia, 14
Earl of Northumberland, 14
Earl of Perch, 163
Earl of Radnor (Lord Radnor, Earldom created in 1765), 23, 87, 97, 98, 117, 136-137, 149, 156, 272, 316, 332-334
Earl of Salisbury, 34
Earl of Savoy, 166
Earl of Thanet, 46, 287
Earl of Verulam, 137
Earl of Warwick, 34, 184, 230
Earl of Winchelsea, 294
East Brook (see Eastbrook)
East Cliff, 118
East End, 15
East Pier, 250 (illustration)
East Wear Bay (see Eastwear Bay)
Eastbridge, 219
Eastbrook (East Brook) Street, 302
Eastbrook (Eastbroke, Eastbrooke, East Brook), 237, 297, 298, 299, 302
Eastenhanger, 229
Eastredelham, 221
Eastwear Bay (East Wear Bay), 3, 27, 74, 251
Edgehill, 138
Edict of Nantes (issued in 1598; revoked in 1685), 167
Edolph, Thomas (Sir), 160
Edward (Lord Clinton), 21 Edward I (King), 19, 31, 32, 127, 128, 150, 154, 165-166, 177, 182, 194, 221, 238, 261
Edward II (King), 24, 33, 129, 163, 168, 184, 190
Edward III ("The Black Prince", King), 18, 23, 25, 34, 35, 37, 128, 129, 130, 149, 158, 165, 177, 185, 222, 229, 237, 238, 263
Edward IV (King), 43, 92, 130, 153, 238
Edward the Confessor (King), 10, 13, 14, 31, 188
Edward VI (King), 21, 41, 131, 135, 230, 265, 267, 287, 339
Edwards, John, 265-266
Edwin of Northumbria (King of Northumbria), 210-212, 214, 216
Egerton, 237
elections, 38, 39, 40, 97, 261-262, 287, 307-317, 344 and passim
Elgar, John (Jr., Quaker), 347
Elgar, John (Sr.), 347
Elgar, Joseph, 347
Elgar, Richard (architect and builder), 271
Elgar, Thomas, 274
Elgar's Yard, 121
Elham Church, 224, 225 (illustration), 226
Elham Fair, 292
Elham Valley, Kent, 209, 224, 246
Elham, Kent, 209, 218, 221, 224-226, 246, 292
Elizabeth ("good Queen Bess"; "the Maiden Queen"), 35, 38, 44, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 131, 169, 189, 190, 208, 221, 230, 234, 239, 265, 275, 277, 285, 286, 292, 293, 298, 299, 301, 302, 307, 312, 314, 318, 321, 329-331, 335, 340-341, 343-344, 348, 350-351
Elliott (Mr., engineer), 202
The Elms (residence), 168
Eltham Church, 142-143
Eltham, Kent, 142
Elthelsten (King), 221
Elwood, Richard (town clerk, alive in 1582), 315
Ely, 24
Enbrook, Kent, 17, 176-177
Enbrooke Manor, 176-177
Enbrooke, Michael, 176
Endimed, George, 267
English Channel and coast (Kentish shore), 3, 4, 5, 25, 34, 62, 74-75, 94, 201, 246, 342 and passim
Epilsford (Aylesford), 6
Erasmus (philosopher), 202, 205
Erskine, Ann (Lady; Countess of Huntington), 121
Escus (King of Kent), 181
Esher, 133
Essex, 35, 50, 51, 131, 141, 182, 184, 237, 292 (see also Earl of Essex)
Essex, Henry de (Baron of Raleigh, Constable of England, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Standard Bearer of King Henry II), 182, 237
Ethelbert (King of Kent), 8, 186, 218, 219
Ethelburga (Princess, later Queen), 209, 210-212, 216
Ethelwolf (King), 221
Etreton, 237
Eu, 237
Euclid (mathematician), 83
Eustace of Boulogne (Earl), 13
Evensong, 48
Everden Manor, 150
Everden, Kent, 17, 150, 161
Evering family (of Everden), 161
Evering, Kent, 165
Evering, Nicholas (Sir), 165
Exchequer Loan Committee, 75
Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis (1628) by William Harvey, 139


Fabricius (medical scientist), 138
Fagg, Nicholas (Jurat of Folkestone), 56
Fagg, Thomas (Jurat of Folkestone), 57
Fagg, Thomas (victualler and inn keeper), 306
Fagge, William (Constable of Folkestone), 58
Fairlight, 82
fairs, celebrations and festivities, amusements, 21, 58, 64 65, 92, 174, 230, 292, 345-346 and passim (see also Feasts)
Fallopius (medical scientist), 138
Farbrace, (Mr., of Dover, steward to the Earl of Radnor), 333
Farley, Thomas, 273, 274
Faussett, Bryan (Reverend), 241
Faustina, 27
Faversham, 137
Fawkes (Faux), Guy, 58, 345
Feast of St. Bartholomew, 267, 276
Feast of St. John the Baptist, 286, 321
Feast of St. Luke the Evangelist, 276
Feast of St. Michael the Archangel, 280
Feast of Rumbald on Christmas Eve, 64, 65
Fellenberg College, 141
Fenchurch Street, 122
Ferrers, Dan Henry (Lord, Prior of Folkestone), 259
Fiennes, 16
Fiennes family, 128
Fiennes, Edward (Lord Clinton), 184-185
Fiennes, James de (Baron, second Constable of Dover Castle, died 1111 AD), 110
Fiennes, John de, 16
Filpot Street, 301-302
Finche family (of Westenhanger), 231-232
Finiox (Fynieux) family, 167, 168
Finn, George, 295
Firmingham, John, 26
Fisher Boat (public house in Folkestone), 306
Fisherman's Row, 84 (illustration), 347
Fitz-Dering, Richad, 237
Fitzgerald (Doctor, natural historian), 99
Fitz-Peter, Jeffery, 92
Fitzwarine, Fulk (Sir) and his widow, 130
Fitz-William, Adam (Knight), 16
The Five Bells (Swinfield village inn), 158
Flanders, 14, 34, 136
Fleet, 18, 21
Flegg family, 150
Flegg's-court, 150
Flegh family, 150
Flegh, William de, 150
Fleming, Richard (blacksmith), 325-326, 341
The Fleur de Luce (public house in Sandgate), 349
Fogge family, 177, 229
Fogge, Francis (Sir), 177
Fogge, Thomas (Sir, of Repton), 153
Folkestone (Lord), 272, 294 (also see Earl of Radnor)
Folkestone Barks, 63
Folkestone bye-laws, 264-267, 277
Folkestone Corporation, 29, 37, 39, 40 (illustration of Mayor's seal), 41 (illustration of Corporation seal), 44, 56, 57, 69, 92, 99, 257 (illustration of Municipal Records, with Jurat's signatures), 258-267, 269, 273, 282, 307-317, 327-328, 329-338 and passim (see also Charters of Incorporation)
Folkestone Down, 47
Folkestone Express (newspaper), title, vi, 255
Folkestone Guildhall (see Guildhall)
Folkestone Harbour, 74, 93 (illustration), 268-274 (see also The Stade, and Ships and Shipping)
Folkestone Harbour Company, 74, 271, 272, 273, 274
Folkestone hills, 3, 62, 63, 83, 148, 150
Folkestone Jetty and Pier, 64, 71-72, 73-74, 76, 250 (illustration), 270-274
Folkestone Monastery, 8, 10-11, 127, 144-146
Folkestone municipal debits and credits/expenses, 29-30, 257 (illustration of Municipal Records, with Jurat's signatures), 295 (illustration of disbursements and receipts in 1765) (see also Folkestone Corporation)
Folkestone Nunnery, 1, 9-10
Folkestone Parish Church (Saint Mary and Saint Eanswith, formerly the conventual church of the Norman Priory), 18, 22-23, 26, 102, 106, 107 (illustration), 108, 109, 110 (illustration), 111 (illustration), 112 (illustration), 113 (illustration), 114-117, 127, 141, 261, 264, 266, 270, 281, 302, 307-309, 331
Folkestone Parish Church bells, 115-116
Folkestone Parish Church clock, 114-115
Folkestone Parish Church of Our Lady, 26
Folkestone Parish Church of Saint Paul, 26
Folkestone poorhouse, 89 (illustration) (see also poor's fund)
Folkestone Priory, 19, 20 (illustration of the priory seal), 21-22, 301, 339
Folkestone Station (railroad), 174
Folkestone Workhouse, 87, 121
"the Folly", 300
Folly Cottages, 27
Folly Fields, 92
Foord Forstall, 100
Foord Road, 98, 122, 141, 303
Foord Valley, 75
Foord, Kent, 9, 99, 100, 118
Foreign Legion (see also Swiss Legion), 170, 174
Fort on Copt Point, 90
Fortescue, [Jean "Sir John"] (author, De Laudibus Legum Angliae), 263
Forts and Ports of Kent by William Somner, 175
fossils, 99, 250-251
Fountain Inn (public house in Dover), 336
Fowle, Ingram (Jurat of Folkestone), 52
Fox's Corner, 347
France and the French, 3, 4, 6, 13, 19, 24, 25, 29, 32, 33, 34, 35, 48, 54, 58, 59-60, 65, 75, 79, 81, 82, 87, 90, 128, 131, 140, 152, 167, 168, 182, 194, 215, 222, 223, 237, 266, 283-284, 314, 322, 340 (see also Gallic, Normandy and Normans, and specific cities)
Frankfort, Germany, 139
Free Library and Reading Room, 98, 99
French ambassadors, 48
French churches, 215
French fancy trade, 81
Froissart, [Jean "Sir John"] (author of Chronicles of Froissart), 23, 34
Fynieux (Finiox) family, 167, 168


Gage, John (Sir), 29
Galen, 139
Gallic Coast, 82
Gallic Sea, 6
Gambrill, John (Esquire, Mayor of Folkestone), 96
Gardner, Joseph (architect), 95
Gas and Coke Works, 73
Gasgoine hose, 47
Gaufrid (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Geoffrey (Earl of Perch) and his wife Maud (Countess of Perch), 163
The George (public house in Folkestone), 97, 306
George (Saint), 232
George I (King), 58, 66, 345
George II (King), 136
George III (King), 60
Gerle, 34 Gerle, Reginald de (Lord), 34
German government, 123
Germany and Germans, 5, 123, 134, 139, 172
Gibbon's Brook, 233
Gibson (servant to Thomas Gittens), 282-284
Gibson, Thomas, 299
Gilbert, Humphrey (Sir), 221, 222
Giles (Saint), 92
Gill (Mr., Jurat of Folkestone), 273
Gittens, Thomas (fishing boat owner), 59, 60, 283-284
Gittens, Tim, 287
Glass, Mary, 326
Gloucester, 14, 238
Glover family, 143
Glover, Robert (antiquary and Somerset Herald, author of The Catalogue of Honor), 143
Glover, Susan (wife of John Phillipott), 143
Glover, William (Esquire), 143
Godden, Adrian (alive in 1562), 279, 348
Godden, Bartholomew (Jurat of Folkestone), and sons, 264, 292, 314
Godden, Daniel (Jurat of Folkestone), 294
Godden, John, 264
Godden, Richard, and wife, 320-321
Godden, Samuel (Jurat of Folkestone), 294
Godden, William (alive in 1562-1582), 315, 348
Godwin (Saxon Earl), 13, 14, 15, 188
Golder, John Court, 265
Golodin of Aneurin, 7
Goodhurst, George (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 146
Goodwins Sands, Kent, 342
Gotcelinus (Augustine monk and historian, author of Contra Inanes Beatae Mildrethawe Usurpatores), 212, 213, 216
Gottle, Robert, 320
Gough, J. B. (temperance orator), 175
Gouze, Boullaye le (French traveller), 54
Governor of Boulogne, 131, 283
Governor of Dover Castle, 230
Gozling, John, 264
Grace Hill, 89, 121
Grammar School, 88 (see also Harvey Grammar School)
Grandison, Oto de, 166
Gravelines, 32
Gravesend, 44
Gray's Inn, 144
Great Baron of Kent, 164
Great Blackwose Field, 178
Great Seal of England, 56, 71
Greenwich, 144
Gregorian monks, 214-217
Gregory (Saint), 215
Grenfield, William (Dean of Chichester), 166
Grimston (Earl of Verulam), 137
Grimston, Mary Augusta Frederica, 137
Grisbrook, John (of Tenderden, supplier of building wood), 271
Grosser Kurfurst (German ship), 123
Guienne, 34
Guildhall, 45, 53, 91, 92, 123, 279, 282, 311
Guildhall Street, 45
Guilford, 46
Guisnes (in Artois), 248
Gulstone Street, 347
Guy Fawkes (Faux) Day celebration (5 November), 58, 345


Hague, John, 296
Haldon (Saxon thane), 188
Hales, Edward (Commissioner of Folkestone), 57
Halfdon (Saxon thane), 188
Hall, T. G. (Reverend, Vicar at Hythe Parish Church), 195, 196
Hall, Thomas, 294, 316-317
Halley (calculated tides), 4
Halliday (General), 196
Hammond, Robert (Jr.), 282
Hammond, Robert, 287
Handley, Tymothie, 53
Handson, John (Folkestone Town Clerk), 266
Hanfold, George (Mayor of Folkestone), 266
Hanington, William (Esquire, Lieutenant of Dover Castle, died 1607), 167
Hannequin (sailor), 35
Hanover, Germany, 345
Harbour Bill (presented to Parliament), 272
Harbour Company (see Folkestone Harbour Company)
Harbour House, 82, 93, 171
Harbour Point, 342
Harbour Station (railroad), 173
Harbour Street, v
Hardinge (Lord), 174
Hardres Court, 223
Hardres, 322
Hardres, William (Sir), 223
Hare, John (publican in Sandgate), 349
Harl. MSS, 19 (see Harleian Collection at the British Museum)
Harlackenden family, 143
Harlackenden, Elizabeth (wife of William Glover), 143
Harlackenden, Henry (Esquire), 143
Harleian Collection at the British Museum, 19, 213, 239
Harlockenden, Thomas (Commissioner of Folkestone), 57
Harold, 14, 15
Harpinge, Kent, 152
Harrison, John (tailor), 318
Harrison, W. G. S. (Esquire, Town Clerk), vi
Harrisson, James (Folkestone Parish Conductor), 116
Hart, R. (Esquire), 38
Hart, Richard (Esquire), 261
Hart, Richard (junior), 273
Hart, Robert, 315
Hart, Widow, 295
Harveian Institution, 98, 99
Harvey (Harvie) family in Folkestone, 351
Harvey Grammar School (Foord Road), 97, 98, 141
Harvey, Eliab (Sir), 97, 98
Harvey, Joane (wife of Thomas Harvey), 111
Harvey, John, and daughters, 287
Harvey, Solomon (alive in 1618), 352
Harvey, Thomas (Mayor of Folkestone), 111, 137, 312
Harvey, William (Doctor, discoverer of circulation of the blood, author of Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus), frontispiece (illustration), 97, 109, 137-141, 312, 351
Harvie (Mr.), 51, 52
Harvie, Mother, 270
Harvie, Roger, 351
Harvie, Solomon, 351-352
Harvy, Thomas (Jurat of Folkestone), 52
Hasted, [Edward] (historian, author of The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent), 12, 63, 128, 142, 153, 169, 177, 185, 232, 238, 239, 240
Hastings (Lord, of Bergavenny), 128
Hastings, Kent, 15, 82, 128, 286, 350 (see also Lord Hastings)
Hastings, Kent, 24
the Haven, Hythe, 191
Hawkinge Church, 135, 149 (illustration), 150
Hawkinge Manor, 150
Hawkinge, Kent, 17, 135, 149-150
Hawks, K. (Mr.), 274
Hawkwell, 17
Hayton, 236
Heath, Jo. (Commissioner of Folkestone), 57
Heathfield, 212
Hede (borough), 188
Hempsted, Essex, 141, 220
Hengist, 5, 7, 181
Henry (Prior at Saint Radegund's Abbey; Baron of the Exchequer), 164
Henry (Reverend, Chaplin of Ryhall, Rutlandshire), 137
Henry I (King), 17, 31, 32, 182
Henry II (King), 31, 32, 106, 126, 155, 182, 227, 234, 262
Henry III (King), 18, 23, 32, 126, 127, 158, 163, 164, 177, 208, 229, 238, 242
Henry IV (King), 19, 130, 158
Henry V (King), 19, 152, 184, 248
Henry VI (King), 152, 238, 248
Henry VII (King), 35, 154, 230
Henry VIII (King of England, "bluff King Hal"), 11, 19, 20, 26, 28, 29, 35, 40, 41, 49, 68, 90, 91, 130, 131, 133, 134, 146, 157, 164, 169, 184, 189, 197, 208, 219, 223, 230, 238, 258, 264, 339
Henry, Matilda, 137
Henry, of Lancaster, 169
heraldry and arms, 128, 130, 141-144, 155, 177, 207, 223, 232, 247
Herbert, [Edward, of Cherbury] (Lord, 1583-1648, author of The Life and Reign of King Henry the Eighth),133
Herdson family, 22-23, 111, 112, 135, 230, 249
Herdson family memorials in Denton Church, 249
Herdson lawsuit, 329-331
Herdson Monument and Memorial in Hawkinge Church, 135, 250
Herdson Monument in Folkestone Parish Church, 112 (illustration), 331, 332
Herdson, (Mr.), 315
Herdson, Francis, 135
Herdson, Henry (Alderman of London), 135
Herdson, Henry (Lord), 101
Herdson, Henry (of Westenhanger), 230
Herdson, Henry, 230
Herdson, John (Esquire, Lord of the Manor), 111, 112, 135, 150, 332
Herdson, Thomas (Lord of the Manor, merchant in the City of London), 135, 329-331
Hereford, 34, 157
Heringod, John de, 237
Heringod, Stephen de, 237
Herod (King), 232
herringfare, 43, 277
Hertfordshire, 136
Heyman, Mary (wife of Peter Heyman), 155
Heyman, Peter (Esquire), 155
"Hic Jacet Dns (Dominus) Henricvs", inscription in Saint Radegund's Abbey, 160
"Hic Jacet Herbertus Simonis Proles Vir Apertvs Ad Bona Sve Certvs Fidei Sermone Discertvs", inscription in Saint Radegund's Abbey, 160
High Street, 90, 97, 191, 288
Hill (Mr.), 295
Hillside, 122
Hinxhill, 236
Hippisley, Henry (Sir, Knight, Lieutenant of Dover Castle), 309-310
Hippisley, Jo., 310
History of Canterbury (officially The Antiquities of Canterbury by William Somner), 10, 13 (see also Somner, [William])
History of Dover by John Lyon, 263, 277 (see also Lyon, [John])
The History of Imbanking by William Dugdale, 238 (See also Dugdale, [William])
A History of the College of Arms, and the Lives of all the Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants, from the Reign of Richard III, Founder of the College, until the Present Time (1804) by Mark Noble, 141
History of the Exchequer by Thomas Madox, 166
Hobday, Daniel, 294
Hobday, John, 264
Hobday, Stephen, 150
hobiliers, 25
Hodgman, Thomas, 345-346
Hogben family, 301
Hogben, Goodman, 291
Hogben, John, 315
Hogben, Thomas, 315
Hogben, William Thomas, 264
Holbeach, James (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Holday, Robert, 264
Holiday, Robert (Mr.), 268, 314, 340
Holland (see the Netherlands and the Dutch)
Holler, John (cutler), 320
Hollingbourne, 143
Holman, J. (Mr.), 302
Holman, Thomas, 302
Holmes, Thomas, 287
the Holy Land, 32
Holy Well, 104
Homes, William, 270
Honorius (Archbishop), 212, 214
Honywood family, 179
hookfare, 43
Horn Street, 175
Horsus, 6
Horton Church (see Monks Horton Church)
Horton Priory (see Monks Horton Priory)
Horton, Kent (see Monks Horton)
hospital in Hythe (leprosy), 190, 191
hospitals and medicine, 98, 108, 137-141, 156, 190, 191, 208 (see also illness)
hostages, 15
Hougham Church, 167-168
Hougham family, 167
Hougham, Kent, 167-168
Hougham, Robert de, 167
hour glass, 12
"House Book", 317
House of Commons, 133, 272
House of Hanover, 345
House of Lords, 134
House of York, 130, 229
The Hoy or The Smack (public house in Folkestone), 306
Hubert (Archbishop), 163
Hudenfleot, 187, 219
Hudson, Robert, 287
Hugh (first Abbot of Saint Radegund's Abbey), 163
Hugh (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
human skeletons and bones, 5, 6, 12, 22-23, 27, 113, 193-195, 228
Humboldt [Alexander von] (author of Cosmos), 242
Hume, [David] (author of The History of England from the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution in 1688), 13, 262
Hume, Andrew (Sir), 222
Hume, Robert (Esquire), 222
Hundred of Folkestone, 21, 167, 265
hundreds, 21, 31, 46, 167, 260, 264-265
Hunt, Kent, 299
Hunt, Nicholas (alive in 1634), 294
Hunt, Nicholas (member of town council alive in 1582), 315
Hunt, William, 299
Huntington, 121, 128, 129 (see also Earl of Huntington)
Hurstmonceaux, 130
Husband, Edward (Reverend, at Church of SS. Michael and All Angels), 118
Hythe (Hithe), Kent, 6, 15, 25, 33, 44, 60, 82, 109, 113, 169, 174, 177, 178, 187, 188, 189, 190, 192-198, 203, 237, 291, 348
Hythe Abbey, 190, 193
Hythe Corporation seal, 189
Hythe Parish Church, 113, 187 (illustration), 190, 191, 192 (illustration), 193, 194 (illustration), 195, 196, 291
Hythe parishes, 189
Hythe Station (railroad), 198


Iffi (son of Osfrid), 212
illness (cholera, disease, epidemic, epilepsy, invalids, leprosy, plague), 54, 55, 81, 96, 130, 131, 190, 205 (see also hospitals and medicine)
Imnith (see Inmith and Inmyth)
India, 222
Ingoldsby, Thomas (pen name for the Anglican priest Richard Harris Barham, author of the short story The Leech of Folkestone: Mrs. Botherby's Story which is quoted here), 83
Ingram, John, 315
Ingram, Raphe, 315
Inmith (Mr.), 286
Inmith, John (Jurat of Folkestone), 57
Inmith, Thomas (Jurat of Folkestone), 52, 294
Inmyth, John, 315
Inmyth (Imnith), Robert (Jurat of Folkestone), 313-314, 325
Inmythe, Robert (Jurat of Folkestone), 42
Institutes of the Laws of England by Lord Edward Coke, 188
Ireland, 35, 54, 314
Iron Church (in Canterbury Road), 118
Isabella, 33
Isle of Wight, 14, 251
Islep or Islip [Simon] (Archbishop of Canterbury), 145
Italian Sea, 213
Italy, "Italian style" and Italians, 83, 95, 111, 196, 119, 122, 132, 133, 196, 213


Jacob (Mr., baker), 321, 340
Jacob, Myles (Councilman of Folkestone), 57, 58
Jacob, William (Jurat and Mayor of Folkestone, alive in 1582), 314
Jacob, William (member of town council, alive in 1582), 315
Jacobite Insurrection in Scotland, 156
Jacobs, Mrs., 42
James (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
James I (King), 53, 138, 142, 292, 332, 344
James II (King), 136, 240
James, G[eorge] P[ayne] R[ainsford] (Esquire, novelist, author of The Smuggler: A Tale), 66
Jeffardstone, 219
Jeffery, R. Foster (Reverend, minister at Salem Chapel), 120
Jenken, William (Mayor of Folkestone), 328
Jenkin, Robert (Mayor of Folkestone, died March 17, 1624), 309-310
Jenkin, William, 330 (see also Jynkin)
Jenkins (Mr.), 294
Jenkins, R[obert] C[harles] (Reverend, often referred to as Canon Jenkins, of Lyminge, 1815-1896, author of The Saxon Dynasty: Pedigree of the Kentish Kings), 5, 185, 14, 222, 258, 260
Jesus (the Christ), 20, 112, 165, 210, 243, 330, 345
The Jettee Book, 270
Jetty Act, 272
Jinkin (Mr.), 52
John (Earl of Bridgwater), 144
John (Earl of Eu), 237
John (French King), 128
John (King), 31, 32, 92, 126, 164, 165, 182
John (Saint), 191, 229, 236, 286, 321
John of Teynmouth (Tynemouth; a Benedictine monk, born circa 1290, compiled the first comprehensive collection of English saints' lives, later edited by John Capgrave), 11
John Watson's in Gulstone Street, 347
John XXII (Pope), 221
Johnson, Samuel, and heirs, 287
Joll, Thomas, 323
Jordan (Captain), 119, 346
Jordan family monument, 112
Jordan, John (Esquire, Mayor of Folkestone), 345
Jordan, John (Riding Surveyor), 322
Journey Through England (who S. J. Mackie credits Daniel de Foe with writing. However, de Foe authored A Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain, Divided Into Circuits or Journeys, while John Macky actually wrote A Journey Through England), 64
Joy, Bruce (sculptor), 141
Judge (Mrs.), 196
Julius II (Pope), 132-133
juries, 262-263 (see also prisoners, prison cells, executions, and punishment)
Juste, Stephen, 264, 266
Justice, Stephen, 266
Jynkin, William (Mayor of Folkestone), 52 (see also Jenkin and Jinkin)


Kade, Arnulf, 157
Keeble (Mr., architect), 87
Kempe (Archbishop), 248
Kennet, Alan, 297
Kennet, William (alive in 1562), 348 (see also Kennett, William)
Kennett, Henry and wife, 341
Kennett, John (alive in 1670), 319
Kennett, John (Jurat of Folkestone, alive in 1599), 52
Kennett, John (member of the town council, alive in 1582), 315
Kennett, Richard (Jurat of Folkestone), 52, 341
Kennett, Thomas (alive in 1558), 298
Kennett, Thomas (member of town council, alive in 1582), 315
Kennett, Thomas (the elder), 264
Kennett, William (a cooper and Anabaptist, alive in 1701), 119, 346
Kennett, William (alive in 1546), 264
Kennett, William (alive in 1573), 344
Kennett, William (alive in 1599), 52
Kennett, William (alive in 1765), 295
Kennett, William (butcher, alive in 1660), 285-286
Kennett, William (member of town council, alive in 1582), 315
Kennett, William (the elder, alive in 1582, Jurat of Folkestone), 314
Kennett, William (the younger, alive in 1582, Jurat of Folkestone), 314
Kent Rifle Corps, 172
Kentish Hospital, 208
Kentish Post, 306
Kenynton, 166
Kilburne, [Richard] (geographer, author of A Topographie, or Survey of the County of Kent), 18
King Henry VIII's visit to Dover and Folkestone (1543), 28-29
King of France, 194
King, William, 264
The King's Arms (public house in Folkestone), 45-46, 97, 121, 306, 346
King's Chamber, 166
King's Chapel (Chapell), 166
King's Commissioners, 21
King's Council, 166
King's Great Seal, 166
King's minstrels ("Kyngs menstrells"), 28
Kirbie, John, 329-330
Kitcham, John (alive in early 1600s), 352
Knatchbull, John (of Lympne), 197-198
knight's fees, 17
Knights of Saint John, 157
Knights Templars, 156, 157
Knott, George, 52
Knott, William, 114
Knowles, John (Esquire, Councillor at Law in Canterbury), 336
Knowlton, 136
Knyghton (Knighton), Henry (author of de Eventibus Angliae), 193-194


Ladd, Thomas, 287
Lady of Undercroft, 130
Lady Roseberry (daughter of Meyer Anselm de Rothschild), 91
Lambard, John (Mayor of Folkestone), 265
Lambard, Thomas, 264, 266
Lambarde (Lambard), William (1536-1601, author of A Perambulation of Kent: Conteining the Description, Historie, and Customes of that Shyre), 178, 184
Lambert (Lambertt), John, 297
Lambert, John (victualler and Mayor of Folkestone in 1553), 304-305
Lancaster, 34, 169
Lancaster, Wrynecked (Earl of Derby), 34
Landon (poet, is likely Letitia Elizabeth Landon, 1802-1838), 105
Lanfranc (Archbishop of Canterbury), 126, 214, 221
Langdon Abbey, 177
Langdon, Kent, 17, 177
Langhorne, [Daniel] (historian, author of Elenchus Antiquitatum Albionensium Britannorum), 6
Langhorne, John, 112
Langhorne, William (Reverend, Vicar of Folkestone Parish Church, Rector at Hawinge), 111-112, 345
Laurentius, 8
Lavenden, Buckinghamshire, 178
Le Hangre, 229
League and Covenant Oath, 56
Leeds Abbey, 155
Leeds Castle, 126
Leeds, 126, 155
the Lees (Leas), 28, 81 (illustration), 82, 83, 93, 95, 96, 97, 141, 169 (see also West Cliff)
Lees Hotel (Folkestone in Clifton Gardens), 96
Legh, William (of Hythe), 109
Leicester Abbey, 154
Leicester Convent, 154
Leland [Leylande], [John] (antiquarian author, quoted from what is believed to be The Laboryouse Journey & Serche of John Leylande, For Englandes Antiquitees), 1, 11, 26, 28, 163, 168, 189, 195, 197, 220
Leonard (Saint), 191
Leostoff, 63
Letheby (Doctor, scientist), 102
letters of marque, 60
Levetenant (Mr.), 50
Lewes, 24, 237-238
Leybourne family, 128-129
Leybourne, Juliana de, 128-129
Leybourne, Thomas de (Sir), 128
Leyden, 7
libraries, 98, 99, 225-226
Life of Aesop by Thomas Philipott, 144
lffeboat house at Seabrook, 91
light of Wingmere, 225
Lighthouse at Dungeness, 82, 169
lighthouses, 82, 169, 192
Lignie, François (French fisherman), 60, 283-284
Lilla, 211
Limene River, 186, 187, 201, 219
Limne Hill, 26
Lincoln, 8, 34, 48
Lisle (Viscount, Lord Admiral), 131
Literary Society, 98, 99
Little Blackwose Field, 178
Lolley, Normandy, 11, 18, 19, 126, 145
London, 8, 14, 15, 24, 34, 54, 62, 63, 79, 96, 135, 136, 138, 142, 144, 166, 231, 259, 262, 316, 330, 331, 337
Long, Nicolas le (French fisherman), 60, 283-284
Longbridge, 25
Longe, Richard (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Longfellow, [Henry Wadsworth] (poet, 1807-1882; quote is from Walter Von Der Vogelweid), 209
Longford House (Hotel in Folkestone), 96, 97
Longford, Wiltshire, 136
Lord Buckhurst, 46, 230, 344
Lord Clinton and Say, 258-260
Lord Clynton (Lord Clinton), 1, 26, 27, 43, 185, 230
Lord Clynton's grandfather, 1
Lord Cobham, 34, 46, 344
Lord Coke (see Coke, [Edward] (Lord, Sir, author of the Institutes of the Laws of England)
Lord Faversham, 137
Lord Ferrers, 259
Lord Folkestone (Lord of Folkestone), 249, 272, 294, 329-334, 345 and passim (and also see specific individuals)
Lord Herbert (see Herbert, [Edward])
Lord Loughborough, 222
Lord of Manny, 34
Lord Oxenford, 338
Lord Rokeby, 239
Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, 15, 30, 36, 41, 182, 201, 229, 230, 268, 278, 290, 293, 335, 348 (see also Cinque Ports)
Lords Commissioners of the Great Seal, 71
Lords of Folkestone/Lords of the Manor, 249, 258, 272, 294, 329-334, 345 and passim (and also see specific individuals)
Lords of Romney Marsh, 281
Loughborough, 116, 222
Low Countries, 118
Lower Hardres, 322
Lucius (Pope), 239
Ludgate, Henry, 321-322
luggers, 64, 65
Luke (Saint), 286
Lushington, Robert, 350
Lydd Rype, 219
Lydd, 82
Lydden, 17
Lyminge (Liminge), Kent, 153, 185, 186, 187, 188, 209, 212, 213, 214, 215, 216, 218, 220, 221, 222, 223, 224, 258, 300
Lyminge charters, 218
Lyminge Church, 153-154, 185, 213 (illustration), 214-215, 216, 218, 220, 222-223
Lyminge Manor, 188, 220, 221, 222
Lyminge Monastery, 212, 214, 219, 220, 222
Lymne Hill, 189
Lymne, 5, 189-190
Lympne Castle, 204
Lympne Church (Saint Stephen), 204
Lympne Hill, 196, 200
Lympne, Kent, 98, 165, 169, 189, 196-197, 200, 201 (illustration), 204, 209, 229
Lyon [John] (Reverend, of Dover, 1734-1817, author, The History of the Town and Port of Dover and of Dover Castle, with a Short Account of the Cinque Ports), 263, 277
Lysons (Mr.), 144


mackerel-fare, 43
Madox, [Thomas] (author of History of the Exchequer), 166
Magminot, 16
Magminot, William de (Knight), 16
Maidstone, Kent, 126, 323
Mainsorde, William, 298
Maison Dieu at Dover, 156, 167, 208
Maitland, Herbert T. (Reverend, Rector of Postling Church), 242-243
Major (Mr., Jurat of Folkestone), 273
Major, S. (Mr.), 27
Malmain family of Waldershare, 165
Malmain family, 165, 167 (see also Malmaines)
Malmain, Henry (died 1294), 165
Malmain, William (died 1225), 165
"Malmaines Alkham", 158
Malmaines family (of Waldersham and Alkham), 158 (see also Malmain)
Malmaines, John de and wife Lora, 158
Malmaines, Lora (widow of John de Malmaines), 158
"Maltot" (tax on malt), 306
Mannering, Henry (Sir, Knight, Lieutenant of Dover Castle), 338
Mannings, Thomas, 287
Manny, 34
Mantell family, 239
Mantell, Mathew, 239
Mantell, Walter (Esquire), 239
March, William (alive in 1801), 347
Marine Parade, 94-95
Mariner's Church, 118
Marinis, Alberic de, 237
Mark the Hermit, 6
Market Place, 92, 346-347
Markwick (Mr., Engineer of the Romney Marsh), 71
Marlbrow, Edmund, and wife Elizabeth, 318
Marsh, Richard (alive in 1801), 347
Marsh, William, 287
Marshall, Thomas, 315
Marshe, Stephen, 52
Martello Road, 122
The Martello Tower (public house in Sandgate), 349
Martello towers, 60, 61 (illustration), 62, 169, 349
Martin (Saint), 146, 154, 167, 219
martyrs, 106, 134, 159
Marwick, William (construction engineer), 280-281
Mary (Princess), 174
Mary (Queen), 131, 135, 239, 288-290, 297, 323, 339, 349
Mary (Saint; Mother of Jesus, "Our Lady", "The Virgin"), 18, 20, 26, 87, 150, 186, 189, 196, 208, 215, 219, 236, 243
Mason (Mayson), William, 320-321
Master of the Jewels, 21
Matson, William, 287
Maud (Countess of Perch), wife of Geoffrey (Earl of Perch), 163
Maximilian (Emperor), 35
Maxtoke Castle, 128
Maxwell, Robert, 248
Mayor of Dover, 286
Mayor of Folkestone's seal, 40 (illustration), 264
medals, 12, 35
Medgett, John (Mayor of Folkestone), 316-317
Meguines-paeth, 218
Mercery Street, 90
Mercia, 14
Mercier (Scotch pirate), 24
Mereworth, Roger de, 177
Merton College, 138
Mervyle, 112
Messenger, J. (Mr., architect), 87, 91
Methodists, 121-122
Michael (Saint), 150, 166, 189, 280, 301
Mildmay, Henry Saint John (Sir), 137
Mildred (Saint, Abbess at Lyminge Monastery), 214-217, 220, 222
Mildretha (Saint), 213, 217 (see also Mildred)
Military Canal, 175
Military hospital at Dover, 156
Mill Bay, 88, 119
Mill Hill, 300
Mill Lane, 301
Mill Point, 280-281
Miller, Goodman, 268
Miller, John, 315, 319
Mills (Milles), Thomas, 143
Miltruda, 217
Minister of Saint Clement's, 47
Minnis, 156
Minster Convent, 216
Minster, 216
Minter family, 266 (also see individuals and Mynter)
Minter, Israel (Jurat and Mayor of Folkestone), 316-317
Minter, John (alive in 1634), 294
Minter, John (Jurat of Folkestone, alive in 1661), 57
Minter, Lawrence, 294
Minter, Peter (Councilman of Folkestone), 58
Minter, Richard, 275, 279
Minto, Matthew (of Sandwich), 330
Minute Book of the Common Assemblies (1715-1749), 351
miracles, 8
misereres, 206
Mockett, Thomas, 300
Mole Head, 272
Monastery at Lewes, 238
Monastery of Folkestone, 249
Monastery of Saint Augustine at Canterbury, 216
Monastery of Saint Eadburg (Ethelburga), 209
Monasticon Anglicanum, 146, 237, 260 (see also Dugdale, [William])
Monasticon Favershamiensis (1671) by Thomas Southouse, 144
Monks Horton Church, 233, 239
Monks Horton Priory, 196, 233-234, 235 (illustration), 236-239
Monks Horton, Kent, 233-239, 242
monks of Blackwose Chapel, 177, 178
monks of Lolley, 126
monks, 11, 18, 106, 107, 126, 163, 177, 178, 182, 209, 214-217, 233, 236, 237, 260
Monmouthshire, 130
Montfort, Hugh de, 181, 188
Montfort, Robert de, 181
Montfort, Simon de, 127
Montgomery (likely is Scottish poet James Montgomery, 1771-1854), 1
Montreuil, France, 29
monument to 200 German sailors of the Grosser Kurfurst who died off Folkestone in 1878, 123
monument to Peter Nepheu in Hougham Church, 168
Moore, John (common crier), 346-347
Moore, John (Sir), 170
Moore, [Thomas] (Irish poet and composer, 1779-1852; the poem on p. 245 is from As Slow Our Ship also called The Journey Onwards), 37, 245
Morehall, Kent, 149
Morgan, Anne, 130
Morgan, John (Sir, of Tredegar in Monmouthshire), 130
Morris (Mr., Private Treasurer to King James II), 240
Morris, Thomas, and his wife, 267
Mortello, Corsica, 62
Mortimer, Roger, 129
Morton, [John] (1420-1500, Archbishop of Canterbury), 145, 222
Mount Morris (residence), 239
Mount, William, 300
Mowbray (Lord), 34
Muneville (location; see individuals with that surname)
Muneville family, 11, 17, 107, 110, 125, 128
Muneville, Matilda de, 17
Muneville, Matilda, 125
Muneville, Nigel de (Lord of Folkestone), 11, 17, 107, 110, 125
Muneville, William de, 17
Municipal Reform Act of 1835, 40
murage, 31
musqueteers, 47
Mynter, John (fisherman), 266


nailbourne, 161
Namur, 35
Namur, Robert de (Lord), 35
Nantes, France, 167
Nantz, 31
Napoleon I (Emperor), 60, 82
"the Narrows", 85, 301
National Schools (Saint Leonard's Place, Hythe), 191
National Society, 87
Naturall Remarques of the County of Wiltshire (1685) by John Aubrey, 140
Neale, John, 52
Nennius (author of Historia Brittonum), 6, 7, 8
Neotus, 166
Nepheu family, 167
Nepheu, Peter (died 1735), 167-168
the Ness, 15
Nether Gate, 45
the Netherlands (Holland) and the Dutch, 34, 73, 118, 343
Neville (Duchess of York), 258
New Romney, 350
Newcastle, 128
Newington Church, 245, 246, 247 (illustration), 248
Newington, Kent, 148, 175, 178, 245-248, 300
Nichalls, Thomas (junior, Councillor in Folkestone), 282
Nicholas (Saint), 177, 178, 179, 189
Nichols, [John] (1745-1826, historian, author of The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth and Antiquities in Kent and Sussex), 49
Nickals, Dan, 287
Nickals, Thomas, 287
Nicolas le Long (French fisherman), 60, 283-284
Noble, [Mark] (Rector of Barming, author of A History of the College of Arms), 141
Norfolk, 17, 63, 134
Norman Church at Paddlesworth, 152
Norman Conquest, 11, 258
Norman Priory, 12, 17-18, 106
Norman Survey, 164
Normandy and Normans, 3, 11, 12, 13, 17, 18, 19, 30, 126, 128, 145, 151, 152, 153, 154, 156, 164, 167, 175, 181, 183, 185, 192, 204, 207, 234, 236, 241
Norroy, King of Arms, 143
North Downs, 173
North Street, 85
Northumberland, 14, 216
Northumbria, 210, 212
Northwood, 18
Norwich, 24
Notitia Monastica by Thomas Tanner, 157
Nottingham Castle, 129
Nova Legenda Angliae (1516) by John Capgrave, 9, 11
nuns, 106 (see also specific individuals)


"The Oaks", 177
Odo (Bishop, half brother of William the Conqueror), 16, 126
Oisc (King of Kent), 181, 221
Old Chest in Elham Church, 225 (illustration), 226
Old Chest in Hythe Church, 195-196
Old Forge and houses of the Port, 73 (illustration)
On the Origin and Growth of the Spanish Monarchy by Thomas Philipott, 144
"orate …Rycardy Stotine et Juliane", inscription in Stowting Church, 243
Order of Cluny, 236-237 (see also Cluniac monks)
Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, 157
Orgarswick, 219-220
Orlestone, 219
Orlestone, John de, 237
Orlestone, William de, 237
Osbert (Marshall of Robert de Ver), 237
Osfrid, 211, 212
Osgodby (Osgodeby), Adam de (Keeper of the Rolls of Chancery), 166, 167
Ossa, Caucelinus de (Cardinal), 221-222
Ostenhangre, 229
Oswald (King of Northumbria), 212
Oswald (Saint), 154
Oswulf (Duke), 218, 220
Ottinge, Kent, 224
Overland, 22
Owen (Professor, "venerable and venerated sage of science"), 141
Oxenford (Lord), 338
Oxford, 54, 142, 265
Oxford University, 142


Packe, [Christopher] (Doctor, M.D.), 9
Paddlesworth (Palsford) Manor, 152
Paddlesworth Church, 152, 212
Paddlesworth, Kent, 152, 212
Padgham (Mrs.), 289
Padua, Italy, 138
Palmer, A. J. (Reverend, pastor at Congregational Church), 121
panage, 31
Pancras (Saint), 236, 237
Papal Usurp. (a three volume work believed to be by William Prynne), 238
Papillon family (of Acrise), 153-155
Papillon, Toradus de, 154
Papillon, William, 154
Parchment Deed (1651), 88, 89
Paris (public house in Folkestone), 97
Paris Hotel (Folkestone), 73, 270
Paris, France, 79, 140
Park Farm, 27, 99, 100 (illustration), 101 (illustration)
Parker, [Mathew] (1504-1575, Archbishop of Canterbury), 47
Parliament, 72, 74, 91, 142, 154, 270, 272, 336-337, 347
Parliamentary garrison, 142
Parris, John (of Lyminge), 300
Parry (Doctor, Bishop Suffragan of Dover), 116

Parslaw, Alice, 224
Parslaw, John, 224
Particular Baptists, 122
Pashal (Abbot of Lolley), 145
patent for a market (1596), 291
Patrixbourne, Kent, 330
Paul (Saint), 26
Paulinus (Bishop), 210, 211, 212, 213
Pavie, Armenie de (Lord), 34
Pavilion Hotel (Folkestone), 78, 79, 82, 89, 93 (illustration), 94, 96, 171, 172
Pay, Richard, 287, 295
Pearce, Thomas (Reverend), 302
Pearless, John, 345-346
Pelham family, 128
Pelham, John (Sir), 128
Pemble, Nicholas, 294
Pencester, 31
Pencester, Stephen de, 32
Peninsular War, 170
Penney, Thomas (Chamberlain of Folkestone), 296
pensions, 21, 238
Pent Stream, v, 86 (illustration), 302
A Perambulation of Kent: Conteining the Description, Historie, and Customes of that Shyre by William Lambarde, 178
Perch, 163
Percy (Lord), 34
Perkyn, Oswald (Porter of the Sea), 275
Perryn, 17
pestilence in Hythe, 190
Peter (last name unknown, of Folkestone), 288
Peter (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 19, 145
Peter (Saint), 8, 9, 12, 88, 158, 243
Petham, 25
Pevensey, 14
Peverell, William (Knight), 16
Peyton, Thomas (Sir, of Knowlton), 136
Philip of Spain, 288
Philipot (see also Philipott, Philpot, and Philpott)
Philipott [Philipot], John (1589?-1645, Somerset Herald; Norroy, King of Arms; historian; author of Apprenticeship in Trade No Abatement to Gentility, Catalogue of the Chancellors of England, and other works ), 141-143
Philipott [Philipot], Thomas (died 1682, historian, author of A Brief Historical Discourse on the Origin and Growth of Heraldry, Descent of King Stephen, Life of Aesop, On the Origin and Growth of the Spanish Monarchy, Poems, Villare Cantianum: or Kent Surveyed and Illustrated, and other works), 18, 108, 143-144, 177
Phillipott, Thomas (Doctor of Divinity, Rector of Turweston and Akeley in Buckinghamshire), 144
Phillpott (Mr., resident of Folkestone in 1597), 51
Philpot (London alderman), 24
Philpot family monument, 112
Philpott, Henry (Bailiff in 1578), 321, 330-331, 342
Philpott, Henry (Jurat of Folkestone), 52, 312
Philpott, Henry (Mayor of Folkestone), 38, 307
Philpott, Thomas (Esquire, Mayor of Folkestone), 309-311
Piard, Peter (Folkestone Town Clerk), 58
Pilcher, Thomas, 295
pirates, 13, 15, 24, 34-35, 53-54, 200, 278-279, 288, 290, 293
"The place is purified with hope…" (from poem by an unidentified author), 105
plagues and disease (see illness)
Pledge, John, 348
Pledge, William, and his wife (grocers in 1832), 348-349
Pleghelmestun, 218
Pleydell, Harriet, 137
Pleydell, Mark (Sir), 137
Pleydell, Mark Stuart (Sir), 137
Plot, [Robert] (Dr., 1640-1696, author of many works), 242
Plutarch's Lives, 112
Plymouth Brethren Chapel (in Foord Road), 122
Plymouth, 24
Poems (1640) by Thomas Philipott, 144
Poictiers, France, 25
Pollard, John (carpenter), 267
Polton, 163-164
Polton, Stephen de (Lord of the Manor), 163
pontage, 31
Pontenac, 208
poor's fund, 45, 71, 307, 351 (see also Folkestone Poorhouse)
poorhouse (see Folkestone Poorhouse)
Pope's legate, 156
Popes (Roman Pontiffs, Papacy, Catholics), 6, 32, 115, 132-134, 156, 213, 221, 237, 238, 239, 260, 313, 339 (see also anti-papistic displays and Roman Catholics)
Porridge, William, 350
Port of Folkestone (see the Stade)
Port of London, 231
Porter of the Sea, 275
Porth, 16
Porth, Robert de (Knight), 16
Portland stone, 91
Portsmouth, 288
Portus Lemanis, 203
post-days, 62, 63
Postling Church, 242
Poune, Richard (of Halden, supplier of building wood), 271
Poyning/Poynings family, 18, 128, 153, 165
Poynings, Edward (Sir, Governor of Dover Castle, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports), 230
Poynings, Edward (Sir, of Westenhanger), 130
Poynings, Mary, 130
Poynings, Thomas (Sir), 230
Preceptory at Temple Ewell, 156
Preceptory of the Knights Templars, 156, 157
Pregle, John (Jurat of Folkestone), 57
Premonstratensian Priory of Lavenden in Buckinghamshire, 178
Prene, William, 222
Prerogrative Court of Canterbury, 197
Price family, 222
Price, Ralph (Reverend), 222
Primitive Methodist Connection, 122
Prior at Horton, 236, 237, 238
Prior at Saint Radegund's Abbey, 163, 164
Prior of Lewes, 24
Prior of Saint Pancras, 237
Prior, John (Sir), 133
Prior's Close, 28
Priors Lease ("the Priours Leeze"), 28, 332
Priors of Folkestone Monastery, 144-146, 258, 259
Priory and Church of St. Pancras, at Lewes, 236-237
Priory of Benedictines, 11
Priours Leeze (see Priors Lease)
prisoners, prison cells, executions, and punishment, 91, 92, 126, 134, 168, 262-263, 279, 283, 290-291, 318-324, 331, 343, 352 and passim (see also juries)
privateers, 58-59, 60
Privy Council (Counsell), 50, 51, 53, 131, 278, 293
Privy Seal, 19
Prosser, Goodman, 294
Protestant faith (reformers), 132, 339-340, 346-347 and passim (see also dissenters from the Church of England, and specific denominations)
Prujean, Francis (Sir), 138
Prynne, [William] (author of Papal Usurp. and other anti-Catholic works), 145, 238
Prynne's Records (refers to The History of King John, King Henry III, and the Most Illustrious King Edward the I…collected out of the ancient records of the Tower of London by William Prynne), 145
Public Libraries Act (1878), 98
Puritanical Act Against Swearing (1651), 55
Purley, Essex, 237
Putney, Surrey, 132
Pyfing, George, 292
Pysing, Bartholomew, 315
Pysing, George, 315, 342
Pysinge, Chistopher (Xtofer), 52
Pyx, John (Jurat of Folkestone), 314
Pyx, Michael (Jurat of Folkestone), 314


Quaker Meeting House, 122, 346-347
Quakers, 119, 122, 346-347
quarries and stone suppliers, 70, 72, 87, 178, 188, 205, 223, 234, 269, 282
Quarter Sessions, 1696-1716, 345
Queen Elizabeth's progress through Kent (1573), 46-49, 230, 343-344
Queen Elizabeth's Survey (1564), 190-191
Queen Street, 302
Queen Victoria's royal visit to Folkestone (1855), 170-174
Queen's Place, 302
Queen's Players, 289


Radegund (Saint), 150, 152, 160, 162-166, 178, 182, 242
Radnor Bridge Road, 122
Radnor Club, 97
Radnor Street, 74, 85
Radnor, 23, 24, 74, 85, 87, 97, 98, 117, 122, 136-137, 149, 156, 272, 316, 332-334
Radulfus (Priest of Lyminge), 215, 216
Raleigh, Essex, 182
Ralph, Abbot of Lolley, 18
Read (Mr.), 52
Read family monument, 112
Read, Elizabeth, 136, 331
Read, William (Esquire), 136
Read, Willyam (Mayor of Folkestone), 38
Reade, Rychard, 344
Reade, William (the elder, Mayor of Folkestone), 266, 312
Reading, 182
Rebellion of Sir Thomas Wyatt, 239
Record of Sessions, 264-265
Record Offices in Chancery Lane, 20
Rectory at Aldington, 206
Rectory of Lyminge, 222
The Red Lion (public house in Folkestone), 306
Redbrook (woods), 236
the Reformation, 205, 243
Register Chichelle (Reg. Chichelle), 145
Register of the Horton Priory (Reg. de Horton) collected and transcribed by James Holbeach, 238, 239
Register Stafford (Reg. Stafford), 145
Register Warham/Wareham (Reg. Warham Archiep or Reg. Wareham Archiep), 146
religious oaths, 312-313
Rendezvous Street, 97, 98, 119, 120, 121
Repton, 153, 229
the Restoration, 35
Reyton, Thomas (Commissioner of Folkestone), 57
Richard (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Richard I ("Coeur de Lion/The Lionhearted"; King), 32, 163, 167
Richard II (King), 19, 35, 92, 152, 169, 176, 229, 238, 248
Richard III (King), 19
Richard of Cheriton (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 19
Richard of Gloucester, alias Brisley (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Richborough, 5, 6, 7, 22
Richmond's Shave (wood), 175
Ridsdale, C. J. (Reverend, at Saint Peter's Church), 118
Rigden, Giles (wool comber of Lower Hardres), 322
Ringmer, 326
Riolanus (Jean Riolan, Jr., noted Parisian physician and anatomist, 1580-1657), 139-140
Ripp (wood), 219
River Derwent (the Darent), 6
River, Kent, 164
Road to Park Farm, 27
Robert (Chaplain), 237
Roberts, John (Porter of the Sea), 275
Roberts, John (Sir, of Canterbury), 222
Robin Hood's Butts, 300
Robinson, Stephen, 294
Rochester Castle, 126
Rochester, 11, 48, 126, 191, 212
Rokeby (Lord), 239
Rokesle, Richard de (Sir), 153
Rolf (Mr.), 289
Rolls of Chancery, 166
Roman castrum, 7, 201 (illustration)
Roman Catholic Church (Saint Aloysius), 122-123
Roman Catholics (Papists), 8-9, 115, 122-123, 132-133, 136, 178 (see also anti-papistic displays, and Popes)
Roman road, 209
Romanus (Bishop of Rochester), 212-213
Rome, Italy, 83, 132, 133, 134
Romney Marsh (Lords), 281
Romney Marsh, 25, 71, 82, 148, 188, 200, 202, 219, 281
Romney, Kent, 15, 25, 82, 154, 350 (see also Romney Marsh)
Rosamond, 227, 228
Rosamond's Tower, Westenhanger, 227, 228 (illustration)
Rose (public house in Folkestone), 97, 306
Rosemary Lane, 302
Rother River, 219
Rothschild family, 91
Rothschild, Meyer Anselm de (Baron, Member of Parliament), 91
Rouge Dragon (heraldry), 142
Rowena, 8
Royal Exchange, London, 337
Royal Navy, 65, 339, 341-343 and passim
Ruck (Mr., Jurat of Folkestone), 282
Ruffen, Robert (Constable), 182
rumbald feast on Christmas Eve, 64, 65
Ruminingseta, 219
Rumwold (Saint), 65
Rupy, Andomar de (Lord), 222
Rutlandshire, 137
Ruyter, [Michiel Adriaansz] de (Admiral of the Dutch Fleet), 342
Rye, Sussex, 290, 350
Ryhall, Rutlandshire, 137
Rymer's Foed, 145


sacking of Rome, 133
Sackville, Richard, 230
Sackville, son of Richard (Lord Buckhurst), 230
Saint Alban, 229
Saint Bartholomew's Hospital at Sandwich, 108
Saint Bartholomew's Hospital in Hythe, 191
Saint John the Baptist Church (at Foord), 118
Saint John's Hospital in Hythe, 191
Saint John's Preceptory (Swingfield), 155 (illustration), 156
Saint Leonard's Place, 191
Saint Martin's Priory, Dover 146, 167
Saint Mary le Merge Church (Capel), 150-152
Saint Mary's Day School, 87
Saint Michael's Church, 301
Saint Nicholas Chapel (Cheriton on road leading from Sine Farm to Hythe), 177-179
Saint Peter's Church (or the Mariner's Church), 118
Saint Peter's Parish, school, and church, 88
Saint Radegund's Abbey, 150, 152, 162 (illustration), 163-166, 178, 182
Saint Radegund's Convent, 150, 164
Saint Thomas's Well, 104
Sale, William, 264
Salem Chapel (Baptist, in Rendezvous Street), 119-120
Salisbury, 34, 118
Salisbury Cathedral, 118
Salle du Roy (ship), 34
Sallee vessels, 54
Salmon, Bartholomew (member of town council, alive in 1582), 315
Salmon, John (Prior of Ely, Bishop of Norwich, and Lord Chancellor of England), 24
salt manufacture and salt pans, 185-187
salt marsh, 263
Saltwood Castle, 25, 178, 181 (illustration), 182, 183 (illustration), 184,185, 190
Saltwood Church, 185
Saltwood Manor, 188
Saltwood, Kent, 25, 26, 149, 178, 180-185, 187, 188, 190, 236, 237
Salviati (Mr., mosaic artist, Venice, Italy), 196
Sanders, Goodman, 294
Sandgate Castle, 29, 169, 329, 340
Sandgate Road, 89-90, 92-93, 96, 97, 117, 118, 171, 302
Sandgate, Kent, 7, 25, 26, 54, 101, 135, 168 Illustration), 169-170, 172, 175, 349
Sandlands, Kent, 174
Sandling, 219
Sandown, 47, 169
Sandown Castle, 169
Sandtun, 219
Sandwich family, 18, 23, 111, 127
Sandwich, John de (Sir, Baron of Folkestone), 18, 23, 127
Sandwich, Julia de, 127
Sandwich, Juliana de, 18
Sandwich, Kent, 6, 14, 15, 18, 21, 46, 47, 108, 111, 330, 344 (see also individuals with that surname)
Sandys, Mr., 29
Sankey, Mathew, 273, 274
The Saracen's Head (public house in Ashford), 337
Saunders, Hy. (Mr.), 274
Saxon antiquities, 5, 12,103-104
Saxon Charter of King Cenulf (800 AD), 249
Saxon Chronicle, 6, 14, 15
Saxon Church of Saint Peter, 9, 12
Saxon monastery, 11
Saxons, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 30, 44, 74, 103-104, 188, 195, 203, 209, 214, 216, 217, 218, 221, 229, 241, 246, 249
Say (Lord), 130
Say family, 128, 130
Say, Idmonea, 130
Scarboro season, 277
Scarborough, 24, 277, 285, 291
Scarborough voyage, 43
School Board, 87, 88
school master comes to Folkestone, 289
School of Musketry, 198
schools and education, 62, 87, 88, 120, 121, 122, 123, 137-138, 141, 142, 143, 198, 243, 248, 289, 292
Scilly Isle, 54
scot and scutage, 31
Scotland and "the Scotch", 24, 127, 129, 156, 175, 207, 221
Scott, John (Sir), 230
Scott, Walter (Sir), 146
Scott's Hall (mansion), 206, 207, 230, 241
Scotts family, brasses, memorials and tomb, 207, 241
Sea Gate (see Seagate)
Seabrook (Seabrooke), Kent, 25, 91, 175, 198
Seabrook Estate Company, 198
Seabrook Hotel (Hythe), 198
Seabrook Valley, Kent, 175
Seaford, Sussex, 62
Seagate (Sea Gate), 45, 289, 302, 347
Seagate Street (Sea Gate Street), 45, 302
Seagrave family, 18, 23, 111, 127, 128, 129
Seagrave, John (Sir), 18, 23, 92
Seagrave, John de (Sir), 127, 128
Seagrave, Juliana, 18
Seagrave, Stephen de (Chief Justice of England), 127, 128
Second Battle of St. Alban's, 229
See of Canterbury (see Archbishop of Canterbury and Canterbury Cathedral)
See of Rochester, 212-213
Segrave family (see Seagrave family)
Seine River, 33
Selethrytha (Abbess at Lyminge Monastery), 220, 222
Sellinge Church, 207-208
Sellinge, Kent, 207-208, 241
Selsted, Kent, 156
Senionen, Sampson (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Sennys, Sampson (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Sergeant, Henry, 342-343
"Servati ex undis ubi figere dona solebant" (from The Aeneid, Book XII, written by Virgil), 179
Sessions Book (record of Quarter Sessions, 1696-1716), 345
Sessions Hall, 90, 99
Sessions of Hundreds, 46, 264-265
Sessions of the Peace, 42
Set Thergabail, 6
Seymour, Charles (teacher of classics at Canterbury, author of A New Topographical, Historical, and Commercial Survey of the Cities, Towns and Villages of the County of Kent. Arranged in Alphabetical Order, 1776), 62, 63
Shakespeare Cliff (Shakespeare's Cliff), 4, 82
Sharpness (a hill and place of execution), 263
Sharpy, Henry, 287
Shelley, [Percy Bysshe] (poet, 1792-1822; quote is from The Flower That Smiles Today), 180
"The shelter'd cot…" (from The Deserted Village, a poem written by Oliver Goldsmith (1725-1774), 147
Sheriff of Kent, 229
Sherwood, Alderman (Mayor), vi
The Ship (public house in Folkestone), 306
ships and shipping (mariners), including navies, vessels and fishing, ports and harbours, 2, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14-15, 21, 24-26, 29-36, 43, 44, 45, 49, 50, 51, 52-54, 55, 56, 58-60, 62-63, 64-67, 68-80, 84, 93 (illustration), 97, 170, 171, 178, 189, 190, 191, 192, 200-201, 266, 268-284, 285, 327, 335-338 and passim
Shoebridge, Elizabeth, 287
Shorncliffe Camp, 169-172, 173 (illustration), 174-175, 246, 349
Shorncliffe Station (railroad), 123
shottfare (shot fare) 43, 277
Siege of Acre, 167
Siege of Boulogne, 223
Siege of Calais, 222
Siege of Carlaverock, 127
signatures of Folkestone Jurats, frontispiece before 257 (illustration), 265
Sine Farm and estate, 177, 178, 179
sister of King Edward III, 34
Sisters of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem, 157
Sladden, Benjamin (Councilman of Folkestone), 57
Sladden's heirs, 287
"Slips down through moss-grown stones with endless laughter" (from The Spirit of Poetry by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, 1807-1882), 209
Sluice, 34
The Smack (public house in Folkestone), 306
smacks, 64, 306 (also see cutters)
Smeeth, Kent, 206-207
Smith family (of Westenhanger), 231-232
Smith, C. Roach (Mr., archeologist, author of A Catalogue of Anglo-Saxon and Other Antiquities, Discovered at Faversham, in Kent), 202-203
Smith, Jane, 287
Smith, John (of New Romney), 350
Smith, Thomas ("the customer"), 230-231
Smuggler's Lighthouse, 192
smuggling, 65, 66, 67, 83-84, 192, 322
Smurke, Sidney (Esquire, architect), 117
Smythe, James (member of town council, alive in 1582), 315
Society for the Study and Enjoyment of Natural History, 99
Somerset Herald (heraldry), 142, 143]
Somerville, [Mary Fairfax] (Mrs., 1780 -1872, author of On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences and other works), 242
Somner, [William] (1598-1669, historian, author of A Treatise of the Roman Ports and Forts in Kent , The Antiquities of Canterbury, and other works), 5, 10, 13, 175, 220
Sotmere, Kent, 152
South Butt, 300
South Eastern Railway Company (including references to trains and stations), 75, 77, 78, 79, 99, 123, 152, 171-172, 173, 174, 198, 227, 233, 274
South Street, 85
Southouse, Thomas (Esquire, of Gray's Inn, author of Monasticon Favershamienæ in Agro Cantiano), 144
Spain and the Spanish, 25, 34-35, 49, 50, 51, 52, 144, 288, 340-343
Spencer, Peter (Reverend), 110
Spencer, William (Earl of Thanet), 287
springs, 62, 88, 100-101, 102, 161, 190, 302, 303 (illustration)
Squire, Jacob, 274
Squire, Lawrence, 274
St. Augustine's Monastery, 229
St. Quintin, Hugh de, 237
Stace, William (treasurer of Folkestone Harbour Company), 273
the Stade, Folkestone Harbour, title page (illustration), 1 (illustration), 28-29, 68-72, 73 (illustration), 74-80, 93 (illustration), 266, 269, 272, 273, 275, 280-281, 283, 297, 299, 327, 334, 342 and passim
the Stade, Hythe, 191
Stafford, Anne, 130
Stafford, Humphrey (Sir), 130
Stake Ness Rock, 272
Standard Bearer of King Henry II, 182
Standen, Kent, 18, 161, 233
Standley, Timothy, 52
Stanford Chapel, 218, 237
Stanford Church, 233, 237
Stanford School, 233
Stanford, Kent, 218, 237
Stanford, Robert, 295
Stanhamsted, 220
Stanley, Timothy, 312
Star Chamber, 205
Starr, John, 287
statue of Doctor William Harvey, the Leas, Folkestone, 141
statue of King Henry II, 227
Stead, Richard (Headmaster of Harvey Grammar School), 98
Stephen (King), 144, 237
Stephen (Saint), 204
Sterne, 83
Stills, Alice, 352
Stockbury, 239
Stodowaye Valley, 262 (see also Stroodway Valley)
Stonar, near Sandwich, 6
Stone of Titleu, 7
Stone-street, 220
the Stour, 224
Stouting, 25
Stowting Church, 243-244
Stowting, Kent, 242-244
Strangford family, 156
Stratford (Archbishop), 167
Street, G. E. (R.A., architect), 195
Stretleg, 218
Stroodway (precipice and place of execution), 263
Stroodway Valley, 262-263
Strudwick, Christopher (victualler and inn keeper), 306
Strype, [John] (historian, author of Annals of the Reformation and Establishment of Religion and Other Various Occurrences in the Church of England During Queen Elizabeth's Happy Reign), 49
Stukeley, [William] (historian, author of Itinerarium Curiosum: or, an Account of the Antiquities and Remarkable Curiosities in Nature or Art, Observed in Travels through Great Britain), 5
Styles, James (Mayor of Folkestone), 294
Sudbury, [Simon] (Archbishop of Canterbury), 145
Sudell, Christopher (Folkestone Councell Man and Towne Clerke), 57
Suessinione, Jacob de (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Suffolk, 17, 63
Sugar Loaf Hill, 7, 320
Sugar Loaf Round, 104
suits from counties and hundreds, 31
Summerfield Mansion, 208
Summerfield, Kent, 208
sundial, 261
Surrey, 15, 132
Surtees, Thomas (fisherman), 343
Survey of the Coast from Hythe to Gravesend (1564), 44
Sussex Barks, 63
Sussex, 13, 15, 62, 63, 219, 326
Swaffer, Josias (Jurat of Folkestone), 56
The Swan (public house in Folkestone, 1663), 306
Swan (Mr., Engineer of the South Eastern Railway Company), 74
sweating sickness, 131
Sweet Sole, 332
Sweeton, 9
Swinfield, 157
Swingfield churches, 155, 156, 157 (illustration), 158
Swingfield Minnis, 248
Swingfield, Kent, 17, 155-158, 248, 289
Swiss Legion (see also Foreign Legion), 172-173
Switzerland, 251
Swynfield, Richard de (Bishop of Hereford), 157
Sydney, Algernon, 156
Symes, Abraham, 321
Synod of Aclea, 218


"Talk anon Of Good Earl Francis dead and gone" (from The Lay of the Last Minstrel by Sir Walter Scott, 1771-1832), 146
Tancreville, William de (Chamberlain of Normandy), 128
Tanner, [Thomas] (author of Notitia Monastica), 157
Tapley, Mark, 317
Tappley, Mark, 99, 317
Tate, Richard (of Stockbury), 239
taxes, tributes, levies, duties, tolls, and tithes (tythes), 17, 18, 19, 31, 43, 44, 53, 66, 72-73, 237-238, 286, 291, 293, 306, 352 and passim (see also cesses)
Taylor (Messrs., bell casters of Loughborough), 116
Taylor family, 179
Taylor, John, 222, 287, 324
Taylor, William, 222
Telford (Mr., designed Folkestone Harbour), 74
Temple Ewell, 156
tenement at Back End Gate, 265-266
Terlingham Manor, 149
Terlingham, Kent, 18, 135, 136, 137, 149
Tevegate, Simon de, 237
Teynmouth, 11
Thanet, 46
Thomas (Earl of Perch), 163
Thomas (Mr., "engaged in his Majesty's service on the seas"), 309
Thomas (Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 145
Thompson, William, 326
Thorne, [William] (circa 1397, monk, author of Chronicle of Saint Augustine's Abbey, Canterbury), 212
Thornton, John (called "Episcopus Sigonesis, or Cironesis"; Suffragan to the Archbishop of Canterbury; Prior of Folkestone Monastery), 146
"three Frenchmen and a negro" (fugitives), 59-60, 282-283
Tidyman, John, 342-343 (see also Tydyman, John)
Tillmanstone, 158
Tilmanstone, Roger de and wife Lora, 158
Tims (Mr.), 295
Tinton Manor, 237
Titleu, 7
Tolputt, James, 274, 317
Tomb of a Knight in Folkestone Parish Church, 111 (illustration)
Tong, John, 112
Tontine Street, 86-87, 88, 120
Tower Hill, 135
Tower of London, 166
town chest ("common chest"), ledgers, accounts and municipal records (Folkestone), 29, 38, 39, 41, 43, 45, 46, 89, 267, 307, 309, 319, 332
Town Dyke (Folkestone), 9, 298, 302
Town Hall (Folkestone), 45, 90, 91, 92, 97, 123, 257, 266, 289, 290, 292-293, 301, 333
Town Museum (Folkestone), 27, 90, 99, 317
Town Sergeant of Folkestone, 43, 288, 295, 296, 308
Town Warden of Folkestone (see Chamberlain of Folkestone)
tramway, 76, 84
Transcript of Return, 20
Trappan, Richard, and wife, 322
Travels over England, Scotland, and Wales (1700) by Reverend James Brome, 175
Tredegar, Monmouthshire, 130
Trevanian, John (Esquire), 316
Trinity Church, 117
Tromp, [Martin] van (Admiral of the Dutch Fleet), 342
Trouts, John (Commissioner of Folkestone), 57
Tudor rose, 114
Tunbridge, Thomas (Jurat of Folkestone), 56
Tunes (Tunis), North Africa, 53, 279
Turk, Mr., 29
Turpin (Archbishop of Reims, supposed author of an important historical work commonly referred to as Turpin's Chronicle), 218
Turveston, Buckinghamshire, 144
Tyburn, 205
Tydeman, Henry (Folkestone Deputy and Constable), 57
Tydyman, Goodwife, 289
Tydyman, Harry, 265
Tydyman, John, 265 (see also Tidyman, John)
Tylly, William, 197
Tysilio [ap Brochwael, Prince of Powys] (historian, author of The Chronicle of the Kings of Britain), 8


Uden, Giles, 315
Uden, John, 264
Uleham, 221
Ulfred (Archbishop), 220
Undercroft, 130
Underhill, Kent, 175
Upnor Castle, 175
Upper Sandgate Road, 92-93


Valley at Ford (Foord), 9
Valley of Mill Bay, 88
Valoign family, 128
Valoigns, Waresius de (Sir), 157
Valoniis, Waresius de (Sir), 157
Valoyns family, 177
Valoyns, Henry de (Sheriff of Kent), 177
Valoyns, Waretius de, 177
Valoyns, William de, 237
Vatican, 6
Venerable Bede (see Bede)
Ver, Robert de, 236, 237
Vere, Richard de (Constable of England), and his wife, 234
Verrier, Richard (victualler and inn keeper), 306
Verulam, 137
Vesalius (medical scientist), 138
the Viaduct, 99, 100 (illustration), 122, 246
Vicar of Newington, 175
Vicarage tithes, 291
Victoria (Queen), 170-173
Victoria Grove, 123
The Victory (Royal Navy ship), 338
victuallers and publicans, 266, 277, 285, 304-306, 308, 349 (see also alcoholic beverages)
Vieux-Bois, Monsieur, 85
vigil and day of Saint Giles, 92
Villare Cantianum: or Kent Surveyed and Illustrated (1659 or 1664) begun by John Philipott and finished by his son Thomas Philipott, 141, 143
Vincent, Francis (Sir, Lieutenant of Dover Castle), 55, 56
Vincent, Philip (Common Clerk of Folkestone), 311
Virgil, 179
Viscount Folkestone, 136, 137
Vortimer (Guorthemer), 5, 6, 7, 8


Wager (Lord, Marshall of England), 34
Waldersham, 158
Waldershare, 165
Wales, 14, 132, 166, 182
Waller (Mr., artist), 196
Walmer Castle, 169
Walter (Bishop of Coventry), 166
Walton Mansion, 149
Walton, Kent, 18, 137, 148-149
Warde, John (gentleman, Jurat and Mayor of Folkestone), 314, 329
Wareham (Archbishop of Canterbury) (see Warham)
Wareim, William de (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
Waren, 19
Warham, [William] (1450-1532, Archbishop of Canterbury), 49, 146, 223
the Warren, 27, 137, 251, 252 (illustration), 253
Warren, William de, 19
Warwick, 34, 184, 230
Warwickshire, 128, 136
Water Works Company's Act (1848), 102
Watercourse of St. Eanswythe, 302
Watson (Mr., Jurat of Folkestone), 282
Watson, Edward, 287
Watson, John (landlord in Folkestone in 1718), 287, 347
Watson, John (of Cocklington, Yorkshire, in 1670), 319
Watts, Bartholomew, 264
Weald of Kent and Sussex, 148, 249
Webb, R. A. (Mr.), 274
Wedderburne, Alexander (Sir, afterwards Lord Loughborough), 222
Weeks, Thomas, 294
Weever, [John] (1576-1632, author, Ancient Funerall Monuments with in the United Monarchie of Great Britaine, Ireland, and the Islands), 158
Welch Wars, 14
Wesleyan Chapel at Sandgate, 175
Wesleyan Chapel at Stanford, 233
Wesleyan Chapel, 90
Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, 121-122
Wesleyan Methodists, 90, 121-122, 175, 233
Wessex, 13
West Cliff, 4, 9, 22, 28, 82, 96, 97 (see also the Lees)
West Cliff Hotel (Folkestone), 96, 97
West Gate, 45
West Hythe, Kent, 189-190, 196, 197 (illustration), 204
West, Thomas, 350
Westdrig, Alfred, 264
Westenhanger, Kent, 46, 130, 207, 208, 227, 228 (illustration), 229, 230, 231 (illustration), 232, 233, 236, 344
Westenhanger Mansion, 227, 228 (illustration), 229, 230, 231 (illustration), 232, 233
Westminster, 20
Wexford, Ireland, 54
Whelk Shell, 272
Whichcord (Mr., architect of Maidstone), 91
The White Hart (public house in Folkestone), 63, 306, 347
The White Horse (public house in Folkestone), 306
White, Peter, 341
Whitsand, 34
Whitsun week, 291
Wickham, Robert (of Dover), 300
Wido (Abbot of Monastery of Saint Augustine at Canterbury), 216
Wigham, Henry de, 163
Wihtraed (King), 218
William (Prior at Horton Priory), 238
William I ("the Conqueror"; King), 16, 30, 31, 32, 126, 154, 188
William II ("Rufus"; King), 31, 32
William III (King), 58, 313
Williams, (Mr., homeowner), 347
Williams, Morgan, 132
Wilteseye (believed to be a typographical error referring to William Whittlesey, Archbishop of Canterbury), 145
Wiltshire, 136, 140, 230
Winchelsea (Earl), 294
Winchelsea, 24, 34, 263, 294
Winchester, 34
windmill, 89
Windsor Castle, 166
Wingham Manor, 184
Wingmere, 225
Winterburn, Walter de, 166
Wissant, France, 3, 4
Withernam (Wythernam) (port custom derived from Saxon laws), 44, 340
Witt, [Witte] de (Vice-Admiral of the Dutch Fleet), 342
Wollard, Henry, 287
Wolsey, [Thomas] (Cardinal), 133
Wood (otherwise unidentified biographer of John Philipott), 142
Wood (Mr.), 291
Wood, Ambrose, 323
Wood, Anthony à, 144
Wood, George (member of town council, alive in 1582), 52, 315
Wood, Thomas (fisherman), 266
Woodchurch, 219
Woodstock's bowers, 227
Woodward, Matthew (Reverend, Vicar at Folkestone Parish Church), 87, 88, 109, 116
Workhouse, 121
Worms, Thomas, 315, 340-341
Wotton, Kent, 248-249
wrecks, 36
Wrench, Frederick (Reverend, Rector of Stowting Church, author of A Brief Account of the Parish of Stowting ... and of the Antiquities Lately Discovered There), 243-244
Wright, John, 350
Wulfhelm (Archbishop of Canterbury), 10
Wuscfrea, 212
Wyatt, Thomas (Sir), 239
Wye, 249
Wythernam (port custom derived from Saxon laws), 44, 340


Yarborough, 277
Yarmouth, 63, 336
Yarmouth season, 285
Yates, William, 304
Yaverin (royal residence), 212
York (Yorke), 44, 47, 130, 170, 211, 212, 229, 258, 259
Yorkshire, 276, 319
Young, William, 152


Zion Baptist Chapel (in Fenchurch Street), 122

The Following Are Books Referred to Directly or Indirectly by Mackie

Aneurin. The Gododin of Aneurin Gwawdrydd. London: Printed for the Honourable Society of Cymmrodorion by Whiting & Co., 1888.

Aneurin. Facsimile [and] Text of the Book of Aneurin. Edited by John Gwenogvryn Evans. Pwllheli [etc.]: 1908-1912.

NOTE: Mackie was referring to an earlier edition of the work, likely in:

Parry, John Humffreys. The Cambrian Plutarch: Comprising Memoirs of Some of the Most Eminent Welshmen, From the Earliest Times to the Present, Including the Substance of All Previous Researches into the Literary and Personal History of Aneurin, Taliesin, Llywarch Hen, Asser Menevensis, Giraldus Cambrensis, David ab Gwilym, Humphrey Llwyd, Dr. John David Rys, Bishop Morgan, and Other Early Welsh Poets and Historians. London: W. Simpkin and R. Marshall, 1834.


Jones, Owen, editor. The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales: Collected out of Ancient Manuscripts. By Owen Jones (Myvyr), Edward Williams (Iolo Morganwg), William Owen Pughe (Idrison). To which has been Added Additional Notes upon the "Gododin," and an English Translation of the Laws of Howell the Good: also, an Explanatory Chapter on Ancient British Music, by John Thomas (Pencerdd Gwalia). Denbigh: T. Gee, 1870.

A people known as Golodin (Galedon) settled in North Wales and on the Isle of Wight and neighbouring coast. The Welsh Triads include the Galedon among the peoples settled in Britain, occupying Devon and Somerset in south England. This area was to later become a centre for the Belgae identified with the continental Galatae who were also known as Galadi. In French the Hebrew "Gilead" is transliterated as "Galaad". "Caledonian" comes from the same source. Golodon (of Wales), Caledoni (of Scotland) and Galadi of Gaul. In the 200s AD/CE the Desi (from Ireland) settled in southwest Wales (Dyfed) and their rivals the Feni (also from Ireland) settled in North Wales. Most of the Feni were later driven out of North Wales by the Roman-induced Votadini from Scotland who settled in their place. The Votadini are associated with the sons of Cunedda from whom came nearly all of the Royal Houses of medieval Wales. The Votadini in Welsh are called "Golodin". The Golodin were also known as Gododin. The name "Golodin" is linked with Caledonian (of Scotland) and Galatae or Galadi of Gaul. Source: "Brit-Am Now-25",

Aubrey, John. The Natural History of Wiltshire. (Written between 1656 and 1691.) Edited and elucidated by notes, by John Britton. London: Wiltshire Topographical Society, Printed by J.B. Nichols and Son, 1847. Includes a reproduction of the title page of the original manuscript: Memoires of Naturall Remarques in the County of Wilts: To Which are Annexed, Observables of the Same Kind in the County of Surrey, and Flyntshire. By Mr. John Aubrey, R.S.S. 1685...Extracts (pertaining to Wiltshire) from the author's ms. copy in the library of the Royal Society, London, with the addition of the notes of John Ray, John Evelyn and Thomas Tanner from the original ms. in the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

NOTE: "John Aubrey (1626-1697) was an English antiquary and miscellaneous writer. He was born in the hamlet of Easton Piercy in the parish of Kington St. Michael near Chippenham in Wiltshire, and educated at Trinity College, Oxford. His most famous work is Lives of Eminent Men, which was not published, however, until 1823. He also wrote Miscellanies (1696), a collection of stories and folklore, the Natural History of Wiltshire (edited by John Britton, 1847), and a Perambulation of Surrey. His most important contribution to the study of British antiquities, the lengthy and discursive Monumenta Britannica, remains in manuscript. A scheme was afoot in 1692 to publish the manuscript and a prospectus and a specimen page were issued in 1693, but nothing more came of the project. It contains the results of Aubrey's field-work at Avebury and Stonehenge and notes on many other ancient sites, including Wayland's Smithy. Apparently the original title of the manuscript was to be Templa Druidum.
"It was Aubrey who, in 1648, at the age of 22, while out hunting with some friends near Avebury in Wiltshire, recognized in the earthworks and great stones placed about the landscape in and about the village a great prehistoric temple. In the following century, William Stukeley was to develop the claim that Avebury was as an ancient cult centre of the Druids. In addition to his 'discovery' of the Avebury complex, Aubrey is also remembered for his inclusion in a plan of Stonehenge in his Monumenta Britannica of a series of slight depressions immediately inside the enclosing earthwork. Curiously, Stukeley does not record them in his painstaking examination of the site, and it was not until excavations undertaken in 1921-25 by the Society of Antiquaries that they were found to be holes cut in the chalk to hold timber uprights. A total of 56 holes were discovered and named the Aubrey Holes in honour of John Aubrey's observation. These holes are now recognized as belonging to the first phase of the monument's construction." Source:

Baxter, Richard. The Saints' Everlasting Rest; A Treatise on the Blessed State of the Saints in Their Enjoyment of God in Heaven. Derby, London [etc.]: T. Richardson and Son, circa 1819.

Bede. The Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation: From the coming of Julius Caesar into this island in the 60th year before the incarnation of Christ till the year of Our Lord 731 / Written in Latin by Venerable Bede and now translated into English from Dr Smith's edition; To which is added the life of the author, also explanatory notes. London: Printed for J. Batley and T. Meighan, 1723.

Bede. Venerable Bede's Ecclesiastical History of England. Also The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. With Illustrative Notes, a Map of Anglo-Saxon England, and a General Index. Edited by J. A. Giles. London: Harry G. Bohn, 1847.

NOTE: Bede's Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum was written in 731 AD. Bede (672 or 673-735), English historian, theologian, and Saint. Commonly " called 'the Venerable Bede,' almost all that we know is contained in the short autobiographical notice which he has appended to his Ecclesiastical History:- 'Thus much concerning the ecclesiastical history of Britain, and especially of the race of the English, I… a servant of Christ and priest of the monastery of the blessed apostles St Peter and St Paul, which is at Wearmouth and at Jarrow, have with the Lord's help composed, so far as I could gather it, either from ancient documents, or from the tradition of the elders, or from my own knowledge. I was born in the territory of the said monastery, and at the age of seven I was, by the care of my relations, given to the reverend Abbot Benedict (Biscop), and afterwards to Ceolfrid, to be educated. From that time I have spent the whole of my life within that monastery devoting all my pains to the study of the scriptures; and amid the observance of monastic discipline, and the daily charge of singing in the church, it has ever been my delight to learn or teach or write. In my nineteenth year I was admitted to the cliaconate, in my thirtieth to the priesthood, both by the hands of the most reverend Bishop John (of Hexham), and at the bidding of Abbot Ceolfrid. From the time of my admission to the priesthood to my (present) fifty-ninth year, I have endeavoured, for my own use and that of my brethren, to make brief notes upon the Holy Scripture, either out of the works of the venerable fathers, or in conformity with their meaning and interpretation.' Then follows a list of his works….
"By [the Ecclesiastical History of the English Nation] Bede has justly earned the title of the Father of English History… It is indeed one of the most valuable and one of the most beautiful of historical works... And though it would be wrong to call Bede a critical historian in the modern sense of the words, he shows a very unusual conscientiousness in collecting his information from the best available sources, and in distinguishing between what he believed to be fact, and what he regarded only as rumour or tradition. Other historical works of Bede are the History of the Abbots (of Wearmouth and Jarrow), and the lives of Cuthbert in verse and prose….Yet it should not be forgotten that Bede could hardly have done what he did without the noble library of books collected by Benedict Biscop….Several quaint and beautiful legends have been handed down as to the origin of the epithet of 'venerable' generally attached to his name. Probably it is a mere survival of a title commonly given to priests in his day." SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Benson, Thomas. Vocabularium Anglo-Saxonicum, Lexico Gul. Somneri Magna Parte Auctius. Oxoniae [Oxford], e Theatro Sheldoniano, [frontispiece: Londini [London]; Apud Sam. Smith, & Benj: Walford in Coemeterio D. Pauli], 1701.

NOTE: The first edition of this epitome of William Somner's larger Anglo-Saxon dictionary, it was designed to meet the needs of students in the expanding school of Anglo-Saxon literature at Oxford. Edward Thwaites, Benson's senior colleague at Queen's College, Oxford, had cried: "We want Saxon lexicons. I have fifteen young students and but one Somner for them all". The answer to the problem was Benson's Vocabularium. See David C. Douglas, English Scholars, 1660-1730. Second revised edition. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode, 1951; and Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1975, pp. 56, 66.

Blanchard, Amos. Book of Martyrs, or, a History of the Lives, Sufferings, and Triumphant Deaths of the Primitive and Protestant Martyrs. From the Introduction of Christianity, to the Latest Periods of Pagan, Popish, Protestant and Infidel Persecutions... A Sketch of the French Revolution, As Connected With Persecution. Compiled From Foxe's Book of Martyrs, and Other Authentic Sources by Amos Blanchard. Tenth edition. Kingston, U. C. (Ontario): Blackstone, Ellis and Graves, 1835.

Boccaccio, Giovanni. The Decameron. The Novels and Tales of the Renowned John Boccacio, The Firft Refiner of Italian Prose: Containing A Hundred Curious Novels by Seven Honourable Ladies, and Three Noble Gentlemen, Framed in Ten Days. Fifth edition, much corrected and amended. London: Printed for Awnsham Curchill, 1684.

Boccaccio, Giovanni. The Decameron. or Ten Days Entertainment of Boccaccio. To which are Prefixed, Remarks on the Life and Writings of Boccaccio, and an Advertisement, by the Author of Old Nick, A Piece of Family Biography, &c. In Two Volumes, the Second Edition, Corrected and Improved. Translated from the Italian and edited by Edward Dubois. London: By J. Wright, for Vernor and Hood [etc], 1804.

NOTE: The Decameron was written in 1350 in the Tuscan dialect of Italian. Boccaccio (1313-1375) was well known to the Elizabethans, many of whom knew Italian, but the first edition in English didn't appear until 1620. Shakespeare utilized several of the tales in his plays and over fifty other English plays of the period drew from The Decameron.

British Museum, London. A Catalogue of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts, Purchased by Authority of Parliament, for the Use of the Public; and Preserved in the British Museum. First edition, 2 volumes. London: L. Davis & C. Reymers, 1759.

NOTE: "This collection of MSS. was commenced towards the close of the 17th century, by Robert Harley, first earl of Oxford, and on his decease was continued by his son and successor in the title, at an immense expense... Parliament voted 10,000 pounds for purchasing the Harleian MSS. for the public benefit; they form 7639 volumes in every department of literature, and those are particularly important which illustrate our national history and antiquities. The catalogue was begun in 1708, by the learned Humfrey Wanley, who was librarian to Robert and Edward, successively earls of Oxford: and on his death in 1726, after an interval of some years, it was resumed by Mr. Casley, continued by Mr. Hockley, and completed by the succeeding librarians of the British Museum. This catalogue was published in 1759, in 2 vols. Folio," Horne, Thomas Hartwell, editor, A Catalogue of the Harleian Collection of Manuscripts... Preserved in the British Museum. Commenced by H. Wanley, and successively continued by D. Casley, W. Hocker, and C. Morton, with an index by T. Astle. Another edition… Revised by R. Nares, S. Shaw, and F. Douce. With indexes of persons, places and matters by T. H. Horne. Four volumes. London: 1808-1812, p. 616. "The manuscripts...form one of the most valuable collections in the British Museum," Seymour De Ricci, English Collectors of Books & Manuscripts (1530-1930) and Their Marks of Ownership. Cambridge: University Press, 1930, p. 36.

Brome, James. Travels Over England, Scotland and Wales, Giving a True and Exact Description of the Chiefest Cities, Towns, and Corporations; Together with the Antiquities of Divers Other Places. London: Printed for A. Roper, 1700.

NOTE: Brome died in 1719.

Caesar, Caius Julius. C. Julius Caesar's Commentaries of his Wars in Gaul, and Civil War with Pompey. To which is Added, a Supplement to his Commentary of his Wars in Gaul; as also, Commentaries of the Alexandrian, African, and Spanish Wars, by Aulus Hirtius or Oppius, &c. With the author's life. Adorn'd with sculptures from the designs of the famous Palladio. Made English from the original Latin by Col. Martin Bladen. Fifth edition. London: Printed by T. Wood, for J. & J. Knapton [etc.], 1732.

Caesar, Caius Julius. Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War / with Explanatory Notes, a Copious Dictionary, and a Map of Gaul by Albert Harkness. New York and London: D. Appleton and Company, 1870.

Camdeno, Guileilmo. [William Camden]. Britannia, Sive Florentissimorum Regnorum Angliae, Scotiae, Hiberniae, Et Insularum Adiacentium ex Intima Antiquitate. Chorographica Descriptio: Nunc Postemo Recognita, Plurimis Locis Magna Accesione Aduacta, & Tabulis Chorographicis. Londini [London]: Georgii Bishop, 1607.

Camden, William. Britannia, Sive Florentissimorum Regnorum Angliae, Scotiae, Hiberniae, & Insularum Aadjacentium ex Intima Antiquitate Descriptio. Amsterdam: Guilielmi Janssonius, 1617. Complete with forty-four regional and county engraved maps by Pieter van de Keere, and two folding engraved maps.

Camden, William. Camden's Britannia, Southern England section (Kent [Cantium] onwards). London: Joseph Wild n.d., circa 1650.

Camden, William. Camden's Britannia, Newly Translated into English: With Large Additions and Improvements. Publish'd by Edmund Gibson. London: Printed by F. Collins, for A. Swalle, and A. & J. Churchil, 1695. Text printed and numbered in double columns, with woodcut initials, textual woodcuts and copper engravings. Engraved frontis portrait of Camden by R. White, nine engraved plates of coins and antiquities, and 50 double-page engraved maps (3 folding) by Robert Morden.

Camden, William. Camden's Britannia Abridg'd; with Improvements and Continuations, to this Present Time. To Which are Added, Exact Lists of the Present Nobility of England, Scotland, and Ireland: Also a Valuation of all Ecclesiastical Preferments at the End of Each County. With Many Other Useful Additions. The Whole Carefully Performed, and Illustrated with Above Sixty Maps Exactly Engraven. Volume I. London: Printed by J. B. for Joseph Wild, at the Elephant at Charing Cross 1701. Portrait frontispiece, 24 fold-out copper engraved county maps by John Seller.

Camden, William. Britannia, or a Chorographical Description of Great Britain and Ireland, Together with the Adjacent Islands. Written in Latin by William Camden... and Translated into English, with Additions and Improvements. The Second edition. Revised, digested, and published, with large additions, by Edmund Gibson. Two folio volumes. London: Printed by Mary Matthews, 1722. Engraved portrait by R. White. Fifty-one double-page or folding maps by Robert Morden and Andrew Johnston, engraved by Sutton Nicholls and John Sturt. Ten engraved plates of coins and antiquities. With numerous woodcut illustrations, initials, head- and tail-pieces in the text.

Camden, William. Britannia: or, a Chorographical Description of Great Britain and Ireland, Together with the Adjacent Islands. Written in Latin... and translated into English with Additions and Improvements. Revised, digested, and published with large additions, by Edmund Gibson, DD, late Lord Bishop of London. Third Edition of this translation. Two volumes with maps. London: For R. Ware and numerous others, 1753. Engraved portrait frontispiece by R. White, 53 fine double-page maps by Robert Morden and ten plates mostly showing coins, titles printed in red and black.

Camden, William. Britannia. Or, a Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland, and the Islands Adjacent; from the Earliest Antiquity. By William Camden. Translated from the Edition Published by the Author in MDCVII. Enlarged by the Latest Discoveries, by Richard Gough, F.A. & R.S.S. Three volumes ("First Gough Edition"). London: By John Nichols, for T. Payne and Son, and G. G. J. and J. Robinson, 1789. Engraved frontispiece portrait of Camden, 57 engraved maps (52 double-page or folding), 98 plates (eight double-page, two printed within the text), additional engravings and woodcuts in the text.

Camden, William. Britannia: Or, a Chorographical Description of the Flourishing Kingdoms of England, Scotland and Ireland, and the Islands Adjacent; From the Earliest Antiquity. Enlarged by the Latest Discoveries by Richard Gough. Translated from the edition published by the author in MDCVII. London: Printed for John Stockdale, 1806. Second edition of the Gough translation. Four volumes, folio, with 105 text-figures, 59 maps and plans, some folding and the majority coloured in outline, 99 further plates of ancient remains &c., five extending, plus a folding genealogy. The maps are drawn by E. Noble and engraved by John Cary.

NOTE: This much esteemed work [and edition] is a treasure trove of English tradition and early cultural history, the cornerstone of archaeological studies of the Kingdom, its people and languages. Camden's Britannia is the first comprehensive topographical, geographical and historical study of Britain to be printed. It consumed ten years' travel, study and effort - Camden had to learn Welsh and Anglo-Saxon in order to read both native and other historians, many still in manuscript, and to carefully peruse the public records. "William Camden has some claim to be considered as the founder, not merely of antiquarian studies, but also of the study of modern history. His name was distinguished in his lifetime, and his work enjoyed a long popularity after his death… If Camden was not the first English historian (in the modern sense of the word), topographer and antiquarian, he was certainly the first to relate the three studies, and his Britannia, primarily topographical, is the first book which shows, even in a rudimentary form, the need to evaluate sources. It was the revolutionary subject matter, and its even more revolutionary treatment of the subject, which made it at once the vehicle… The long tradition of accurate and co-ordinated antiquarian study in Great Britain is almost entirely due to Camden." Following the publication of this work in Latin in 1586, Camden published six further editions, each with revisions during his lifetime, and the work was not translated into English until 1610. It would be valuable to check the original of Gough as well as the reprint of Bishop Gibson's edition of 1695, with considerable additions to Camden's description of each county, which was followed in 1722 by a further enlargement, reprinted in 1753 and 1772, the latter with minor corrections. Numerous editorial comments in these editions were eliminated in modern versions. SOURCE: Carter, John. Printing and the Mind of Man: A Descriptive Catalogue Illustrating the Impact of Print on the Evolution of Western Civilization during Five Centuries. London: Cassell; New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, 1967, p. 101.

Camden, William. The History of the Most Renowned and Victorious Princess Elizabeth, Late Queen of England; Containing All the Most Important and Remarkable Passages of State, Both at Home and Abroad (So Far As They Were Linked With English Affairs) During Her Long and Prosperous Reign. Revised and Compared with the Original, Whereby Many Gros Faults are Amended, Several Periods Before Omitted are Added in Their Due Places, and the English Phrase Much Altered, More Consonant to the Mind of the Authour. With a New Alphabetical INDEX of all the Principal Things Contained in the HISTORY. Fourth edition. London: Printed by M. Flesher, for J. Tonson, at the Judge's-Head in Chancery-Lane near Fleetstreet, 1688.

NOTE: "First published in 1615 as Part I, complete through 1588, with the remaining part issued posthumously in 1625 (Leyden) and 1627 (London) by the author's friend, the historian Pierre DuPuy. The whole work was translated into English from the original Latin by R(obert) N(orton) in 1635, with a third English edition printed in 1675. Jacob Tonson (1656-1736) was the leading publisher of his generation." Source: Oak Knoll Books,

Camden, William. Remaines Concerning Britaine: But Especially England, and the Inhabitants Thereof... Reviewed, Corrected, and Encreased. [Signed: N. M., i.e., William Camden.] London: Printed by A. L. for S. Waterson, 1629.

Camden, William. Remaines of a Greater Worke, Concerning Britaine... The Fift Impression, with Many Rare Antiquities Never Before Imprinted. By the industry and care of John Philipot. London: Thomas Harper for John Waterson, 1636; Fifth edition, the second issue, dated 1637.

NOTE: John Philipot edited the fifth edition of the Camden's Remaines and added important material of his own.

Camden, William. Remaines of a Greater Worke, Concerning Britaine... The Sixth Impression, with Many Rare Antiquities Never Before Imprinted. By the industry and care of John Philipot... and W. D. Gent. London: Simon Miller, 1657.

NOTE: William Camden (1551-1623), "English antiquary and historian, was born in London on the 2nd of May 1551. His, father, Sampson Camden, a native of Lichfield, had settled in London, and, as a painter, had become a member of the company of painter-stainers. His mother, Elizabeth, belonged to the old Cumberland family of Curwen. Young Camden received his early education at Christ's Hospital and St Paul's school, and in 1566 went to Magdalen College, Oxford, probably as a servitor or chorister. Failing to obtain a demyship at Magdalen he removed to Broadgates Hall, afterwards Pembroke College, and later to Christ Church, where he was supported by his friend, Dr Thomas Thornton, canon of Christ Church. As a defender of the established religion he was soon engaged in controversy, and his failure to secure a fellowship at All Souls' College is attributed to the hostility of the Roman Catholics…[I]t is doubtful if he ever took a degree; and in 1571 he went to London, and devoted himself to antiquarian studies, for which he had already acquired a taste.
"Camden spent some time in travelling in various parts of England collecting materials for his Britannia, a work which was first published in 1586. Owing to his friendship with Dr Gabriel Goodman, dean of Westminster, Camden was made second master of Westminster school in 1575; and when Dr Edward Grant resigned the headmastership in 1593 he was appointed as his successor. The vacations which he enjoyed as a schoolmaster left him time for study and travel, and during these years he supervised the publication 'of three further editions of the Britannia. Although a layman he was granted the prebend of Ilfracombe in 1589, and in 1597 he resigned his position at Westminster on being made Clarencieux king-at-arms, an appointment which caused some ill-feeling, and the York herald, Ralph Brooke, led an attack on the genealogical accuracy of the Britannia, and accused its author of plagiarism. Camden replied to Brooke in an appendix to the fifth edition of the Britannia, published in 1600, and his reputation came through the ordeal untarnished. Having brought out an enlarged and improved edition of the Brlitannia in 1607, he began to work on a history of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, to which he had been urged by Lord Burghley in 1597. The first part of this history dealing with the reign down to 1588 was published in 1615 under the title Annales rerum Anglicarwm et Hibernicarum regnante Elizabetha. With regard to this work some controversy at once arose over the author's treatment of Mary, queen of Scots. It was asserted that Camden altered his original narrative in order to please James I, and, moreover, that the account which he is said to have given to his friend, the French historian, Jacques de Thou, differed substantially from his own. It seems doubtful if there is any truth in either of these charges. The second part of this work, finished in 1617, was published, after the author's death, at Leiden in 1625 and in London in 1627. In 1622 Camden carried out a plan to found a history lectureship at Oxford…He died at Chislehurst on the 9th of November 1623, and was buried in Westminster Abbey, where a monument now stands to his memory.
"The Britannia, the first edition of which is dedicated to Burghley, is a survey of the British islands written in elegant Latin. It was first translated into English in 1610, probably under the author's direction, and other translations have subsequently appeared, the best of which is an edition edited by Richard Gough and published in three volumes in 1789, and in four volumes in 1806. The Annales has been translated into French, and English translations appeared in 1635, 1675 and 1688. The Latin version was published at Leiden in 1639 and 1677, and under the editorship of T. Hearne at Oxford in 1717. In addition to these works Camden compiled a Greek grammar, Institulio Graecae Grammatices Coin pendiaria, which became very popular, and he published an edition of the writings of Asser, Giraldus Cambrensis, Thomas Walsingham and others, under the title, Anglica, Hibernica, Normannica, Cainbrica, a veteribus scripta, published at Frankfort in 1602, and again in 1603. He also drew up a list of the epitaphs in Westminster Abbey, which was issued as Reges, Reginae, Nobiles et ali in ecciesia collegi ala Beati Petri Westmonasterii sepulti. This was enlarged and published again in 1603 and I606. In 1605 he published his Remains concerning Britain, a book of collections from the Britannia, which quickly passed through seven editions; and he wrote an official account of the trial of the Gunpowder Plot conspirators as Actioin Henri cum Garnetum, Societalis Jesuiticae in Anglia superiarem et caeteros.
"Camden, who refused a knighthood, was a man of enormous industry, and possessed a modest and friendly disposition. He had a large number of influential friends, among whom were Archbishop Ussher, Sir Robert Cotton, John Selden, the French jurist Brisson, and Isaac Casaubon. His correspondence was published in London in 1691 by Dr Thomas Smith under the title, Vita Gulielmi Camdeni et Illustrium virorum ad G. Camdenum Epistolae. This-volume also contains his Memorabilia de seipso; his notes of the reign of James I; and other interesting matter. In. 1838 the Camden Society was founded in his honour, and much valuable work has been done under its auspices." SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Capgrave, John. Nova Legenda Angliæ. London: Wynkyn de Worde, 1516.

NOTE: John Capgrave (1393-1464) "Augustinian friar, historian, and theologian… His name is known chiefly in connection with the Nova Legenda Angliae, the first comprehensive collection of English saints' lives. But this work was really compiled by John of Tynemouth, a Benedictine (born circa 1290), and Capgrave merely edited and re-arranged it, though it has ever since passed under his name. Yet quite apart from the Nova Legenda, his own undoubted works prove him to have been a scholar of unusual eminence." SOURCE: The Catholic Encyclopedia, Volume III. Robert Appleton Company, 1908.

Coke, Edward, Sir. The First Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England: Or, a Commentary Upon Littleton. Not the Name of the Author Only, But of the Law Itself / Hæc ego grandævus posui tibi, candide lector, authore Edwardo Coke, milite. Fifteenth edition, revised and corrected / with further additions of notes, references, and proper tables, by Francis Hargrave and Charles Butler, Esquires, of Lincolns-Inn, including also the notes of Lord Chief Justice Hale and Lord Chancellor Nottingham, and an analysis of Littleton, written by an unknown hand in 1658-1659. Three volumes. French and English text in parallel columns. London: E. and R. Brooke, 1794. Includes bibliographical references and index.

Coke, Edward, Sir. The First Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England: Or, a Commentary Upon Littleton. Not the Name of the Author Only, But of the Law Itself / authore Edwardo Coke; with additions of notes, references, and proper tables, by Francis Hargrave and Charles Butler, including also the notes of Lord Chief Justice Hale and Lord Chancellor Nottingham, and an analysis of Littleton, written by an unknown hand in 1658-9. Nineteenth edition, corrected by Charles Butler. Two volumes. London: J. & W.T. Clarke... [et al.], 1832.

Coke, Edward, Sir. The Second Part of the Institutes of the Lawes of England. Containing the Exposition of Many Ancient, and Other Statutes; Whereof You May See the Particulars in a Table Following... Authore Edw. Coke, milite, I. C. Hæc ego grandævus posui tibi, candide lector. London: Printed by M. Flesher, and R. Young, for E. D., R. M., W. L., and D. P., 1642.

Coke, Edward, Sir. The Third Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England: Concerning High Treason and Other Pleas of the Crown and Criminal Causes / authore Edw. Coke...The fifth edition, with an alphabetical table. London: Printed for A. Crooke [and 12 others], booksellers, 1671.

Coke, Edward, Sir. The Fourth Part of the Institutes of the Laws of England: Concerning the Jurisdiction of Courts / authore Edw. Coke... Second edition. London: M. Flesher for W. Lee and D. Pakeman, 1648.

NOTE: Sir Edward Coke (1552-1634), "English lawyer, was born at Mileham, in Norfolk, on the 1st of February 1552. From the grammar school of Norwich he passed to Trinity College, Cambridge; and in 1572 he entered Lincoln's Inn. In 1578 he was called to the bar, and in the next year he was chosen reader at Lyon's Inn. His extensive and exact legal erudition, and the skill with which he argued the intricate libel case of Lord Cromwell (4 Rep. 13), and the celebrated real property case of Shelley (I Rep. 94, 104), soon brought him a practice never before equalled, and caused him to be universally recognized as the greatest lawyer of his day. In 1586 he was made recorder of Norwich, and in 1592 recorder of London, solicitor-general, and reader in the Inner Temple. In 1593 he was returned as member of parliament for his native county, and also chosen speaker of the House of Commons. In 1594 he was promoted to the office of attorney-general, despite the claims of Bacon, who was warmly supported by the earl of Essex. As crown lawyer his treatment of the accused was marked by more than the harshness and violence common in his time; and the fame of the victim has caused his behaviour in the trial of Raleigh to be lastingly remembered against him. While the prisoner defended himself with the calmest dignity and self-possession, Coke burst into the bitterest invective, brutally addressing the great courtier as if he had been a servant, in the phrase, long remembered for its insolence and its utter injustice-'Thou hast an English face, but a Spanish heart!'
"In 1606 Coke was made chief justice of the common pleas, but in 1613 he was removed to the office of chief justice of the king's bench, which gave him less opportunity of interfering with the court. The change, though it brought promotion in dignity, caused a diminution of income as well as of power; but Coke received some compensation in being appointed a member of the privy council. The independence of his conduct as a judge, though not unmixed with the baser elements of prejudice and vulgar love of authority, has partly earned forgiveness for the harshness which was so prominent in his sturdy character. Full of an extreme reverence for the common law which he knew so well, he defended it alike against the court of chancery, the ecclesiastical courts, and the royal prerogative.
"In 1620 a new and more honourable career opened for him. He was elected member of parliament for Liskeard; and henceforth he was one of the most prominent of the constitutional party. It was he who proposed a remonstrance against the growth of popery and the marriage of Prince Charles to the infanta of Spain, and who led the Commons in the decisive step of entering on the journal of the House the famous petition of the 18th of December 1621, insisting on the freedom of parliamentary discussion, and the liberty of speech of every individual member. In consequence, together with Pym and Sir Robert Philips, he was thrown into confinement; and, when in the August of the next year he was released, he was commanded to remain in his house at Stoke Poges during his Majesty's pleasure. Of the first and second parliaments of Charles I, Coke was again a member…The last act of his public career was to bewail with tears the ruin which he declared the duke of Buckingham was bringing upon the country. At the close of the session he retired into private life; and the six years that remained to him were spent in revising and improving the works upon which, at least as much as upon his public career, his fame now rests. He died at Stoke Poges on the 3rd of September 1634. Coke published Institutes (1628), of which the first is also known as Coke upon Littleton; Reports (1600-1615), in thirteen parts; A Treatise of Bail and Mainprize (1635); The Complete Copyholder (1630); A Reading on Fines and Recoveries (1684). SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica, on same page as

Defoe, Daniel. Tour Through the Island of Great Britain. Divided Into Circuits or Journies. Originally Begun by the Celebrated Daniel Defoe, Continued by the Late Mr. Richardson, Author of Clarissa, & C. and Brought Down to the Present Time by Gentlemen of Eminence in the Literary World. Second Edition. Four volumes. London: J. Osborn, 1738. Index

Defoe, Daniel. A Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain, divided into Circuits or Journeys. Interspersed with useful observations. Particularly fitted for the perusal of such as desire to travel over the Island. The eighth edition. With great additions, and improvements. Four volumes. London: W. Strahan, 1778. Two engraved maps.

NOTE: Daniel Defoe (circa 1659-1731), "English author, was born in the parish of St Giles, Cripplegate, London, in the latter part of 1659 or early in 1660, of a nonconformist family... As to the variation of name, Defoe or Foe, its owner signed either indifferently till late in life, and where his initials occur they are sometimes D. F. and sometimes D. D. F. Three autograph letters of his are extant, all addressed in 1705 to the same person, and signed respectively D. Foe, de Foe and Daniel Defoe.
"[He] was well educated at a famous dissenting academy, Mr Charles Morton's of Stoke Newington, where many of the best known nonconformists of the time were his schoolfellows. With few exceptions all the known events of Defoe's life are connected with authorship."
"Defoe, an experienced a consummate traveler, had toured England and Scotland extensively to observe the public reactions to various political and fiscal polices. This experience earned him the right to speak with authority when composing this travel guide. Very little escaped Mr. Defoe's attention. His observations cover scenery, economic development, conditions of travel, and even the prices of lobsters and other foodstuffs throughout the island of Great Britain. Defoe's literary style, developed in his earlier works of fiction such as Moll Flanders and Robinson Crusoe, lend an air of readability to this study not commonly found in travel guides." SOURCES: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,, and book description by Buddenbrooks, Inc. [] on Bibliopoly [] at

The Domesday Book of Kent. With translations, notes, and appendix by the Rev. Lambert Blackwell Larking. London: James Toovey, 1869.

Domesday Book or the Great Survey of England of William the Conqueror A.D. MLXXXVI. Available were Facsimile of the Parts Relating to specific counties. Ordnance Survey lithographic facsimile of the original - "The Domesday Book or the Great Survey of England of William the Conqueror A.D. MLXXXVI." Southampton: Photo-Zincographed by Her Majesty's Command at the Ordnance Survey Office,1861-1863.

Domesday Book or the Great Survey of England of William the Conqueror A.D.MLXXXVI. Fac-simile of the part relating to Kent. Southampton: Photo-Zincographed by Her Majesty's Command at the Ordnance Survey Office, 1863.

NOTE: In 1086 a great survey of landholding in England was carried out on the orders of William the Conqueror. Its results were recorded which, within less than a century, were to acquire the name of Domesday, or the Book of Judgment, because its decisions were unalterable.
"For the making of the survey each county was visited by a group of royal officers (legati), who held a public inquiry, probably in the great assembly known as the county court, which was attended by representatives of every township as well as of the local lords. The unit of inquiry was the Hundred (a subdivision of the county which had then an administrative entity), and the return for each Hundred was sworn to by twelve local jurors, half of them English and half Normans….
"After a great political convulsion such as the Norman conquest, and the wholesale confiscation of landed estates which followed it, it was William's interest to make sure that the rights of the crown, which he claimed to have inherited, had not suffered in the process. More especially was this the case as his Norman followers were disposed to evade the liabilities of their English predecessors. The Domesday survey therefore recorded the names of the new holders of lands and the assessments on which their tax was to be paid. But it did more than this; by the king's instructions it endeavoured to make a national valuation list."
In sum, this detailed survey gives us an extraordinarily vivid impression of life in the eleventh century. The thoroughness of the report provides an unparalleled view of medieval England, including its courts and nascent legal system. SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Dugdale, Sir William. The History of Imbanking and drayning of divers Fenns and Marshes, both in forei^n parts and in this Kingdom; and of the improvements thereby. Second edition, revised and corrected, by C. N. Cole. London: Printed by W. Bowyer and J. Nichols, 1772.

Dugdale, Sir William. Monasticon Anglicanum: A History of the Abbies and other Monasteries, Hospitals, Frieries, and Cathedral and Collegiate Churches, with their dependencies, in England and Wales. Six volumes. London: Printed for Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown; Lackington, Hughes, Harding, Mavor, & Jones; and Joseph Harding, 1817. A greatly expanded edition by John Paley, Sir Henry Ellis and Rev. Bulkeley Bandinel drawing on records from the Cottonian Collection and the Tower of London.

NOTE: Sir William Dugdale (1605-1686) compiled his Dictionarium Saxonico-Anglicum in 1644. This was handed down to the Bodleian Library as Ms. Dugdale 29. Dugdale's Dictionarium represents a decisive step to the publishing of the first Anglo-Saxon dictionary in 1659, the Dictionarium Saxonico-Latino-Anglicum by William Somner.

Fortesque, John. De Laudibus Legum Angliae: A Treatise in Commendation of the Laws of England. Written Originally in Latin by Sir John Fortescue Lord Chief Justice, and after Lord Chancellor to King Henry VI. Translated [by Francis Gregor] into English, Illustrated with the Notes of Mr. Selden, and Great Variety of Remarks with Respect to the Antiquities, History, and Laws of England. To Which Are Prefix'd Mr. Selden to the Reader, and a Large Historical Preface. To the Whole Are Added the Preface of the First Editor, with the Testimonies of Bale, Pits, and Du Fresne; the Summs of Sir Ralph de Hengham, Lord Chief Justice to King Edward I. Commonly Call'd Hengham Magna and Hengham Parva, with Mr. Selden's Notes; and a Copious Index. Second edition of Gregor's translation (with Selden's notes in Latin). London: Henry Lintot, 1741.

NOTE: Sir John Fortescue (circa 1394 - circa 1476), "English lawyer…of an ancient family in Devonshire, was born at Norris, near South Brent, in Somersetshire. He was educated at Exeter College, Oxford. During the reign of Henry VI, he was three times appointed one of the governors of Lincoln's Inn. In 1441 he was made a king's sergeant at law, and in the following year chief justice of the king's bench. As a judge Fortescue is highly recommended for his wisdom, gravity and uprightness; and he seems to have enjoyed great favour with the king, who is said to have given him some substantial proofs of esteem and regard. He held his office during the remainder of the reign of Henry VI, to whom he steadily adhered; and having faithfully served that unfortunate monarch in all his troubles, he was attainted of treason in the first parliament of Edward IV. When Henry subsequently fled into Scotland, he is supposed to have appointed Fortescue, who appears to have accompanied him in his flight, chancellor of England. In 1463 Fortescue accompanied Queen Margaret and her court in their exile on the Continent, and returned with them afterwards to England. During their wanderings abroad the chancellor wrote for the instruction of the young prince Edward his celebrated work De Laudibus Legum Angliae. On the defeat of the Lancastrian party he made his submission to Edward IV, from whom he received a general pardon...
"Fortescue's masterly vindication of the laws of England, though received with great favour by the learned of the profession to whom it was communicated, did not appear in print until the reign of Henry VIII, when it was published, but without a date. It was subsequently many times reprinted."
Taking the form of a dialogue between Henry VI and Fortesque, De Laudibus Legum Angliae tries to show the superiority of the common law over civil law. It incorporates the notion of a limited monarchy, and was commended by commentators such as Sir Walter Raleigh and St. Germain. "It was the first English law book to pass through the newly invented press; and so popular did it become that when, in 1628, Coke published his commentary upon it, it has already appeared in more than seventy editions." SOURCES: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,; and The Cambridge History of English and American Literature in 18 Volumes (1907-21). Volume VIII. The Age of Dryden, Part XIII, Legal Literature, § 10. Fortescue's De Laudibus Legum Angliae and Littleton's Tenures, p. 11 online at

Foxe, John. Ecclesiastical History (Acts and Monuments of Martyrs). London: John Day, 1576.

Foxe, John. The Ecclesiasticall Historie, conteyning the Acts and Monuments of Martyrs... London: Printed by Peter Short, dwelling on Breadstreet hill, 1596. Folio, single leaf, printed black letter in two 92-line columns per page with woodcut illustration.

Foxe, John. The Book of Marytrs - Christian Martyrology. Manchester: Printed and Sold by Sowler and Russell, 1794.

Foxe, John. Book of Martyrs; A history of the lives, suffering, and triumphant deaths of the primitive as well as Protestant martyrs: from the commencement of Christianity, to the latest periods of pagan and popish persecution. To which is added, an account of the Inquisition, the Bartholomew massacre, in France, the general persecution under Louis XIV, the massacre in the Irish rebellion...1641, and the recent persecutions of the Protestants in the south of France... Originally composed by the Rev. John Foxe, M.A., and now improved by important alterations and additions, by Rev. Charles A. Goodrich. Hartford: E. Hall, 1833.

Foxe, John. Book of Martyrs; or, a history of the lives, sufferings, and triumphant deaths, of the primitive as well as Protestant martyrs: From the commencement of Christianity, to the latest periods of pagan and Popish persecution. To which is added, an account of the Inquisition.... Now improved by important alterations and additions, by Rev. Charles A. Goodrich. Embellished with numerous engravings. Hartford: Hutchinson & Dwier, 1835. The 24 plates, each consisting of three engravings, depict various torments.

Foxe, John. Christian Martyrology: Being a complete and authentic account of the lives, sufferings, and triumphant deaths of primitive and Protestant martyrs in all parts of the world from the time of our Lord through every period of pagan and Romish persecutions, with the extraordinary and interesting life of the author / Master John Fox ... with notes, commentaries, and illustrations by the Rev. J. Milner. London: [s.n.], 1839.

Foxe, John. The Acts and Monuments of the Church; Containing the History and Sufferings of the Martyrs;.... London: A. Fullarton and Co., n.d. (circa 1840).

Foxe, John. The Book of Martyrs: Being a History of the Persecution of the Protestants, Carefully compiled from Original Documents in the Government State Paper Office, and Known as the " Acts and Monuments" of the Christian Church. London: Walter Scott, 1883.

NOTE: Foxe's Book of Martyrs is better known for its lurid descriptions of the deaths and torments of Protestants than for its historical accuracy. A very powerful propaganda tool from the time of its publication under Elizabeth through the 19th century, it probably did more than any other single work to solidify England as a Protestant country; and this American printing, abridged by Goodrich, contains in its preface a warning against the Pope's efforts to establish Catholicism in the United States. "For more than two centuries one of the most widely read books in England. Written in a simple homely style, with lively dialogues between the persecutors and their victims and with gruesome illustrations, it was well calculated to appeal to ordinary unlearned people for whom it was for long their only secular reading." SOURCE: Carter, John. Printing and the Mind of Man: A Descriptive Catalogue Illustrating the Impact of Print on the Evolution of Western Civilization during Five Centuries. London: Cassell; New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, 1967, p. 217
John Foxe (1516-1587), "the author of the famous Book of Martyrs, was born at Boston, in Lincolnshire, in 1516. At the age of sixteen he is said to have entered Brasenose College, Oxford, where he was the pupil of John Harding or Hawarden, and had for room-mate Alexander Nowell, afterwards dean of St. Paul's. His authenticated connexion at the university is, however, with Magdalen College. He took his B.A. degree in 1537 and his M.A. in 1543. He was lecturer on logic in 1540- 1541. He wrote several Latin plays on Scriptural subjects, of which the best, Dc Christo triuinphante, was repeatedly printed, (London: 1551; Basel: 1556, &c.), and was translated into English by Richard Day, son of the printer. He became a fellow of Magdalen College in 1539, resigning in 1545. It is said that he refused to conform to the rules for regular attendance at chapel, and that he protested both against the enforced celibacy of fellows and the obligation to take holy orders within seven years of their election. The customary statement that he was expelled from his fellowship is based on the untrustworthy biography attributed to his son Samuel Foxe, but the college records state that he resigned of his own accord and ex honesta causa. The letter in which he protests to President Oglethorpe against the charges of irreverence, &c., brought against him is printed in Pratt's edition (vol. i. Appendix, pp. 58-6 f).
"On leaving Oxford he acted as tutor for a short time in the house of the Lucys of Charlecote, near Stratford-on-Avon, where he married Agnes Randall. Late in 1547 or early in the next year he went to London. He found a patron in Mary Fitzroy, duchess of Richmond, and having been ordained deacon by Ridley in 1550, he settled at Reigate Castle, where he acted as tutor to the duchess's nephews, the orphan children of Henry Howard, earl of Surrey. Qn the accession of Queen Mary, Foxe was deprived of his tutorship by the boys' grandfather, the duke of Norfolk, who was now released from prison. He retired to Strassburg, and occupied himself with a Latin history of the Christian persecuticns which he had begun at the suggestion of Lady Jane Grey. He had assistance from two clerics of widely differing opinions-from Edmund Grindal, who was later, as archbishop of Canterbury, to maintain his Puritan convictions in opposition to Elizabeth; and from John Aylmer, afterwards one of the bitterest opponents of the Puritan party. This book, dealing chiefly with Wycliffe and Huss, and coming down to 1500, formed the first outline of the Actes and Monuments. It was printed by Wendelin Richelius with the title of Commentarii rerum in ecciesia gestarum (Strasburg, 1554). In the year of its publication Foxe removed to Frankfort, where he found the English colony of Protestant refugees divided into two camps. He made a vain attempt to frame a compromise which should be accepted by the extreme Calvinists and by the partisans of the Anglican doctrine. He removed (1555) to Basel, where he worked as printer's reader to Johann Herbst or Oporinus. He made steady progress with his great book as he received reports from England of the religious persecutions there, and he issued from the press of Oporinus his pamphlet Ad inclytos ac praepotentes Angliae proceres... suplication (1557), a plea for toleration addressed to the English nobility. In 1559 he completed the Latin edition of his martyrology and returned to England. He lived for some time at Aldgate, London, in the house of his former pupil, Thomas Howard, now duke of Norfolk, who retained a sincere regard for his tutor and left him a small pension in his will. He became associated with John Day the printer, himself once a Protestant exile. Foxe was ordained priest by Edmund Grindal, bishop of London, in 1560, and besides much literary work he occasionally preached at Paul's Cross and other places. His work had rendered great service to the government, and he might have had high preferment in the Church but for the Puritan views which he consistently maintained. He held, however, the prebend of Shipton in Salisbury cathedral, and is said to have been for a short time rector of Cripplegate.
"In 1563 was issued from the press of John Day the first English edition of the Actes and Monuments of these latter and perilous Dayes, touching matters of the Church, wherein are comprehended and described the great Persecution and horrible Troubles that have been wrought and practised by the Romishe Prelates, especiallye in this Realme of England and Scotland, from the yeare of our Lorde a thousande to the time now present. Gathered and collected according to tile true Copies and Wrytinges certificatorie as well of the Parties themselves that Suffered, as also out of die Bishop's Registers, which were the Doers thereof, by John Foxe, commonly known as the Book of Martyrs. Several gross errors which had appeared in the Latin version, and had been since exposed, were corrected in this edition. Its popularity was immense and signal. The Marian persecution was still fresh in men's minds, and the graphic narrative intensified in its numerous readers the fierce hatred of Spain and of the Inquisition which was one of the master passions of the reign. Nor was its influence transient. For generations the popular conception of Roman Catholicism was derived from its bitter pages. Its accuracy was immediately attacked by Catholic writers, notably in the Dialogi sex (1566), nominally from the pen of Alan Cope, but in reality by Nicholas Harpsfield and by Robert Parsons in Three Conversions of England (1570). These criticisms induced Foxe to produce a second corrected edition, Ecclesiastical History, contayning the Actes and Monuments of things passed in every kynges tyme in 1570, a copy of which was ordered by Convocation to be placed in every collegiate church. Foxe based his accounts of the martyrs partly on authentic documents and reports of the trials, and on statements received direct from the friends of the sufferers, but he was too hasty a worker and too violent a partisan to produce anything like a correct or impartial account of the mass of facts with which he had to deal. Anthony à Wood says that Foxe 'believed and reported all that was told him, and there is every reason to suppose that he was purposely misled, and continually deceived by those whose interest it was to bring discredit on his work,' but he admits that the book is a monument of his industry, his laborious research and his sincere piety. The gross blunders due to carelessness have often been exposed, and there is no doubt that Foxe was only too ready to believe evil of the Catholics, and he cannot always be exonerated from the charge of wilful falsification of evidence. It should, however, be remembered in his honour that his advocacy of religious toleration was far in advance of his day. He pleaded for the despised Dutch Anabaptists, and remonstrated with John Knox on the rancour of his First Blast of the Trumpet. Foxe was one of the earliest students of Anglo Saxon, and he and Day published an edition of the Saxon gospels under the patronage of Archbishop Parker. He died on the 8th of April 1587 and was buried at St Giles's, Cripplegate." SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Froissart, Jean. The Chronicles of Froissart (Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Adjoining Countries And the Adjoining Countries, from the Latter Part of the Reign of Edward II. to the Coronation of Henry IV. By Sir John Froissart. Translated from the French Editions, with Variations and Additions from Many Celebrated Mss. by Thomas Johnes, Esq. to Which are Prefixed a Life of the Author, an Essay on His Works, and a Criticism on His History.) London: William Smith, 1839.

Froissart, Sir John. Chronicles of England, France, Spain and the Adjoining Countries. London: 1839. Two quarto volumes. With numerous engraved illustrations.

NOTE: 14th century work, being Sir John Froissart's chronicles of adventure, battle and custom in England, France, Spain, etc. based on true incidents of heroism and chivalry during the Hundred Years' War, 1339-1453.. Glover, Robert, 1544-1588. The Catalogue of Honor; or, Tresvry of Trve Nobility. London: Printed by W. Iaggard, 1610.

NOTE: Edited by Thomas Milles (1550?-1627?). Essentially a genealogical history of the monarchs of Great Britain from Egbert in the year 800 A.D. to James I in 1603.

The Great and Ancient Charter of the Cinque-Ports, and its members, from the first granted by King Ed the 1st to the last charter granted by King Charles the 2nd. Dover: Printed by C Mate, [1807].

The Great and Ancient Charter of the Cinque-Ports of Our Lord the King, and of the Members of the same. London: Printed by T. N. for the Mayor and Curate of Hasting, 1682.

The Harleian Miscellany; or, A collection of scarce, curious, and entertaining pamphlets and tracts, as well in manuscript as in print, found in the late Earl of Oxford's library, interspersed with historical, political, and critical notes. Twelve volumes. London: Printed for R. Dutton, 1808-1811.

NOTE: The Harleian Collection holds the only existing version of many important early works.

Harvey, William. Exercitatio Anatomica de Motu Cordis et Sanguinis in Animalibus ("Anatomical exercise on the motion of the heart and blood in animals".) Frankfurt: Guilielmi Fitzeri, 1628.

NOTE: First edition of one of the most important works in the history of medicine.

Hasted, Edward. The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent; Containing the antient and present state of it, civil and ecclesiastical; collected from public records, and other authorities: illustrated with maps, views, antiquities, &c. The second edition, improved, corrected, and continued to the present time. 12 volumes. Canterbury: Printed by W. Bristow, 1797-1801.

Hasted, Edward. Hasted's History of Kent, corrected, enlarged, and continued to the present time. London: Mitchell and Hughes, 1886.

NOTE: Edward Hasted lived from 1732-1812.

Henshall, Samuel, and Wilkinson, John. Domesday, or an actual survey of South Britain by the Commissioners of William the Conqueror, completed in the year 1086... Faithfully translated, with an introduction, notes, and illustrations... Counties of Kent , Surrey, and Sussex... London: Printed by Bye and Law for the Authors, 1799; 268 pages. Double page map.

NOTE: This was the only volume published of a projected translation of the whole of Domesday in eleven volumes.

Herbert of Cherbury, Edward. The Life and Raigne of King Henry the Eighth. London: Printed by E. G. for Thomas Whitaker, 1649. Herbert of Cherbury, Edward. The Life and Reign of King Henry the Eighth. Written by the Right Honourable Edward, Lord Herbert of Cherbury. London: Printed by Mary Clark, for Ann Mearn, 1683.

Humboldt, Alexander von. Cosmos: A Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe. Five volumes. London: Henry G. Bohn, 1860.

NOTE: Humboldt (1769-1859) was once described as the "last universal scholar in the field of the natural sciences." Naturalist, botanist, zoologist, author, cartographer, artist and sociologist are but a few of the many talents possessed by this great explorer. The book is the result of half a century spent in developing his vision of the world.

Hume, David. The History of England from the Invasion of Julius Caesar to the Revolution in 1688. Six volumes. Various editions, including, London: Printed for A. Millar, 1754-62; London: T. Cadell, 1770; London: Printed by T. Bensley for R. Bowyer, 1806; and London: H. G. Bohn, 1860.

NOTE: By the famed philosopher and historian who lived from 1711-1776.

Ingoldsby, Thomas. "The Leech of Folkestone: Mrs. Botherby's Story" in The Ingoldsby Legends, or Mirth and Marvels by Thomas Ingoldsby, Esquire. London: Richard Bentley, 1840.

Ingoldsby, Thomas. The Ingoldsby Legends, or, Mirth and Marvels. With Illustrations by George Cruickshank, John Leech and John Tenniel. 2nd ed. London: Richard Bentley, 1866.

Ingoldsby, Thomas. The Ingoldsby Legends, or Mirth and Marvels. Edited, With Notes Introductory and Illustrative by R.H. Dalton Barham. With engraved plates by Buss, Cruikshank, and Leech. London: Richard Bentley, 1870. New edition. 2 volumes.

Ingoldsby, Thomas. The Ingoldsby Legends, or Mirth and Marvels. Carmine edition. With Twenty Illustrations on Steel by Cruikshank, Leech, and Barham. London: Richard Bentley & Son, 1882.

NOTE: Thomas Ingoldsby is the pen name for the Reverend Richard Harris Barham, 1788-1845. The Ingoldsby Legends, or Mirth and Marvels were first published in Bentley's Miscellany and, subsequently, Colburn's New Monthly Magazine in three series during 1840, 1842 and, after Barham's death, in 1847.

James, G[eorge] P[ayne] R[ainsford] 1799-1860. The Smuggler. A Tale. London: 1845; Leipzig: Bernhard Tauchnitz, 1845.

Jenkins, R[obert] C[harles]. The Saxon Dynasty: Pedigree of the Kentish Kings. Folkestone: J. English, 1867.

Kelham, Robert. Domesday Book Illustrated: Containing an Account of that Ancient Record; as Also, of the Tenants in Capite or Serjanty Therein Mentioned. London: Edward Brooke, 1788.

NOTE: The first scholarly study of Domesday, one of England's most famous medieval manuscripts, published in order to elucidate the text itself which had commenced publication in 1783.

Kemble, John Mitchell. Codex Diplomaticus Aevi Saxonici. Six volumes. Londini (London): Sumptibus Societatis [i.e., English Historical Society], 1839-1848.
NOTE: "After his marriage (in 1836) Kemble appears to have resided in London for some time, employing himself in literary work, and specially in transcribing in the British Museum, and in various collegiate and cathedral libraries, the Anglo-Saxon charters afterwards printed in his Codex Diplomaticus. In his knowledge of Teutonic philology he was far ahead of any of his fellow-countrymen, and was the recognised exponent of the investigations of Jacob Grimm and other German writers on the subject. With regard to the study of Anglo-Saxon, Kemble had a more scientific as well as a more accurate knowledge of the language than any earlier scholar, and a deeper insight into its relations to other branches of Teutonic speech. He used his knowledge chiefly in illustrating Anglo-Saxon literature and history, writing in all his original work as a man of letters no less than as a scholar. In commenting on an early fable he notes its significance, traces its development, and examines the forms under which it appears at different times and in various countries. The publication of his collection of documents belonging to the Anglo-Saxon period may be said to have laid the foundation of our present knowledge of the institutions and customs of the English before the Norman conquest. Useful additions may be made to his collection, but his Codex Diplomaticus must remain the great original of all such undertakings, and the pattern to be followed by all future editors of charters. Besides the exact knowledge of Anglo-Saxon and the skill in deciphering manuscripts displayed by this book, it presents, though so unobtrusively as to be almost likely to escape notice, proofs of an amazing amount of knowledge and critical acumen. Every charter which offers ground for suspicion is marked with an asterisk. Kemble's work was always done with minute care, and a charter that he has not marked as spurious may as a rule safely be accepted as genuine. Founded on the Codex, Kemble's Saxons in England was, until the appearance of Bishop Stubbs's Constitutional History in 1873, the best English treatise on the polity of our ancestors before the coming of the Normans." SOURCE: Dictionary of National Biography.

Kilburne, Richard. A Topographie, or Survey of the County of Kent. With some Chronological, Historicall, and Other matters Touching the Same: And the Several Parished and Places Therein. London: Printed by Thomas Mabb for Henry Atkinson, 1659.

NOTE: Kilburne published an epitome of this larger work in 1657, under the title of A Brief Survey of the County of Kent. The present edition is a gazeteer of the county, with much curious information on Kilburne's own parish of Hawkhurst.

Knighton, Henry. Chronica de eventibus Angliæ a tempore regis Edgari usque mortem regis Ricardi Secundi. ("Knighton's Chronicle"), in Twysden, Sir Roger. Historiæ Anglicanæ Scriptores X. Simeon Monachus Dunelmensis. Johannes Prior Hagustaldensis. Ricardus Prior Hagustaldensis. Ailredus Abbas Rievallensis. Radulphus de Diceto Londoniensis. Johannes Brompton Jornallensis. Gervasius Monachus Dorobornensis. Thomas Stubbs Dominicanus. Gulielmus Thorn Cantuariensis. Henricus Knighton Leicestrensis. Ex vetustis manuscriptis, nunc primum in lucem editi. Adjectis variis lectionibus, glossario, indiceque copioso. (Joannes Seldenus, de scriptoribus hisce nunc primum editis.) Londini (London): Sumptibus Cornelii Bee: 1652.

Lambarde, William. A Perambulation of Kent: Conteining the Description, Historie, and Customes of that Shyre. Collected and Written (for the most part) in the yeare 1570....London: Ralphe Newberie. 1576. First edition. With the woodcut map of the English Heptarchie, but lacking the genealogical table and the Beacons map of Kent found in later editions.

Lambarde, William. A Perambulation of Kent. Conteining the Description, Hystorie, and Customes of that Shyre. Written in the yeere 1570 by William Lambarde of Lincolones Inne, Gent.; first published in the yeere 1576 and now increased and altered after the Author's owne last Copie. Second edition. London: Edmund Bollifant, 1596. First published in 1576 although parts of it circulated in manuscript for some years prior to publication. This second edition adds a genealogical table, a single leaf map of England, and an 8" x 12" fold-out map of 'Carde of the Beacons' in Kent which shows the situation of the beacons lit to warn of the approach of the Spanish Armada in 1588.

Lambarde, William. A Perambulation of Kent: Conteining the Description, Hystorie, and Customes of that Shyre. Written in the yeere 1570 by William Lambarde of Lincolones Inne, Gent.; first published in the yeere 1576 and now increased and altered after the Author's owne last Copie…New edition. Chatham: Printed by W. Burrill, High Street; published by Baldwin, Cradock, and Joy, 1826.

NOTE: William Lambarde [1536-1601] historian of Kent. Studied Anglo-Saxon and History under Laurence Nowell. Lambarde's first work was a translation of Anglo-Saxon laws (1568). In 1570 he completed the first draught of Perambulation and sent it to his friend Thomas Wotton, who printed it in 1576. This book was the first county history published in Britain and "is considered a model of arrangement and style." It would appear that he originally planned for this walk to be an installment for a general account of England, but he abandoned this plan when he discovered Wotton was working on a similar project. Lambarde was an English jurist and antiquary. In 1556 he was admitted to Lincoln's Inn and in 1568 he published a collection and transcript of Saxon laws. In 1574 he founded a hospital for the poor in Greenwich. In 1578 he was appointed Justice of the Peace in Kent and later published an account of his duties in Eirenarcha (gathered in 1579, revised 1581). This manual 'remained for a long time the standard authority' and was reprinted several times between 1582-1610 with additions. In 1591 he completed Archeion: Or Commentary on the Courts of Justice in England and this work was published in 1635. In 1601 he was appointed Keeper of the Records in the Tower. The Perambulation of Kent is among the earliest and most famous of English county histories. Still an important work; the book is considered a "model of topographical writing." The section on the customs of Kent includes much valuable information regarding gavelkind. Lambarde is also the author of an important early work on Anglo-Saxon law and a manual for justices of the peace.

Langhorne, Daniel. Elenchus Antiquitatum Albionensium Britannorum, Scotorium, Danorum, Anglosaxonum, &c. Origines & Gesta usque ad annum 449 quo Angli in Britanniam immigrarunt explicans. Una cum brevi Regum Pictorum Chronico. First edition. Londini (London): typis B.G., impensis Benjamin Took, 1673.

NOTE: Daniel Langhorne (d. 1681) was a noted antiquary of his day. This book is an account of the development of the English nation from the Saxon period to the mid 17th Century, with an Appendix of Royal family trees. Albion was the old name for England.

Leland, John. Antiquarii De Rebus Britannicus Collectanea. 'Editio Alerta'. 'Thomae Hearnii praefatione notis et indice ad editionem primam. accedunt de rebus Anglicanis opuscula varia e diversis codd. MSS. descripta et nunc primum in lucem edita. Six Volumes. Londini (London): 1774.

Leland, John. The Laboryouse Journey & Serche of John Leylande, For Englandes Antiquitees geven of hym as a newe years gyfte ti Kynge Henry the VIII. in the XXXVII. yeare of his reygne. London: John Bale, 1549.

NOTE: John Leland (also Leyland, Leylande or Laylonde) (circa 1506-1552), the first and last Royal Antiquary of England. "He owed his education at St Paul's school under William Lilly, and at Christ's College, Cambridge, to the kindness of a patron, Thomas Myles. He graduated at Cambridge in 1521, and subsequently studied at All Souls College, Oxford, and in Paris under Francois Dubois (Sylvius). On his return to England he took holy orders. He had been tutor to Lord Thomas Howard, son of the 3rd duke of Norfolk, and to Francis Hastings, afterwards earl of Huntingdon. Meanwhile his learning had recommended him to Henry VIII., who presented him to the rectory of Peuplingues in the marches of Calais in 1530. He was already librarian and chaplain to the king, and in 1533 he received a novel commission under the great seal as king's antiquary, with power to search for records, manuscripts and relics of antiquity in all the cathedrals, colleges and religious houses of England. Probably from 1534, and definitely from 1536 onwards to 1542, he was engaged on an antiquarian tour through England and Wales. He sought to preserve the MSS. scattered at the dissolution of the monasteries, but his powers did not extend to the actual collection of MSS. Some valuable additions, however, he did procure for the king's library, chiefly from the abbey of St Augustine at Canterbury. He had received a special dispensation permitting him to absent himself from his rectory of Peuplingues in 1536, and on his return from his itinerary he received the rectory of Haseley in Oxfordshire; his support of the church policy of Henry and Cranmer being further rewarded by a canonry and prebend of King's College (now Christ Church), Oxford, and a prebend of Salisbury. In a Strena Henricoi (pr. 1546), addressed to Henry VIII. in 1545, he proposed to execute from the materials which he had collected in his journeys a topography of England, an account of the adjacent islands, an account of the British nobility, and a great history of the antiquities of the British Isles…[However] he was not destined to complete these great undertakings, for he was certified insane in March 1550, and died on the 18th of April 1552.
"Leland was an exact observer, and a diligent student of local chronicles. The bulk of his work remained in MS. at the time of his death, and various copies were made, one by John Stowe in 1576. After passing through various hands the greater part of Leland's MSS. were deposited by William Burton, the historian of Leicestershire, in the Bodleian at Oxford. They had in the meantime been freely used by other antiquaries, notably by John Bale, William Camden and Sir William Dugdale... Some of Leland's MSS., which formerly belonged to Sir Robert Cotton, passed into the possession of the British Museum." SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Lyon, John. The History of the Town and Port of Dover and of Dover Castle, with a Short Account of the Cinque Ports. Two volumes. Dover: Printed by Ledger & Shaw for the author, 1813-1814.

Macky, John. A Journey Through England in Familiar Letters from a Gentleman Here, to his Friend Abroad. London: J. Hooke, 1722.

Macky, John. A Journey Through England In Familiar Letters from A Gentleman Here, to his Friend Abroad. Volume II. London: Pemberton, 1722.

Madox, Thomas. The History and Antiquities of the Exchequer of the Kings of England. In Two Periods: To wit, From the Norman Conquest, to the End of the Reign of K. John; and, From the End of the Reign of K. John, to the End of the Reign of K. Edward II: Taken from Records. Together with A Correct Copy of the ancient Dialogue concerning the Exchequer, generally ascribed to Gervasius Tilburiensis; and A Dissertation concerning the most Ancient Great Roll of the Exchequer, commonly styled The Roll of Quinto Regis Stephani. Second Edition. Two Volumes. London: Printed for William Owen, at Homer's Head, Near Temple-Bar [etc.], 1769.

NOTE: Second (and best) edition of Madox's masterwork, the first comprehensive treatment of the Royal Exchequer (and of English medieval taxation), called by Maitland "beautiful... one of the greatest historical works of the last [18th] century".

Nennius. The "Historia Brittonum," commonly attributed to Nennius; from a manuscript lately discovered in the library of the Vatican Palace at Rome, edited in the tenth century, by Mark the Hermit. With an English version, facsimiles of the original, notes, and illustrations, by W. Gunn. Lat. & Eng. London: For John and Arthur Arch, 1819.

Nennius. Historia Britonum. Londini (London): Sumptibus Societatis, 1838.

Nennius. Nennius's History of the Britons. In Giles, J. A. (John Allen), editor. Six Old English Chronicles, of which two are now first translated from the monkish Latin originals. Ethelwerd's Chronicle. Asser's Life of Alfred. Geoffrey of Monmouth's British history. Gildas. Nennius, and Richard of Cirencester. Edited, with illustrative notes, by J.A. Giles. London: H. G. Bohn, 1848.

NOTE: Nennius (circa 796), "a Welsh writer to whom we owe the Historia Britonum [The History of the Britons] lived and wrote in Brecknock or Radflor. His work is known to us through thirty manuscripts; but the earliest of these cannot be dated much earlier than the year 1000; and all are defaced by interpolations which give to the work so confused a character that critics were long disposed to treat it as an unskilful forgery. A new turn was given to the controversy by Heinrich Zimmer, who…traced the history of the work and, by a comparison of the manuscripts with the 11th-century translation of the Irish scholar, Gilla Coemgim (d. 1072), succeeded in stripping off the later accretions from the original nucleus of the historic. SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Nichols, John. Antiquities in Kent and Sussex. London: Printed by and for J. Nichols, 1790.

Nichols, John. The Progresses and Public Processions of Queen Elizabeth. Among which are interspersed other solemnities, public expenditures, and remarkable events during the reign of that illustrious princess. Collected from original manuscripts, scarce pamphlets, corporation records, parochial registers, etc., etc., illustrated, with historical notes. (To which are subjoined some of the early Progresses of King James, etc.) Three volumes and volume 4, part 1. London: J. Nichols, 1788-1821; another edition, 1823.

Noble, Mark, 1754-1827. A History of the College of Arms: and the Lives of all the Kings, Heralds, and Pursuivants from the reign of Richard III, founder of the College, until the present time. With a preliminary dissertation relative to the different orders in England, particularly the gentry, since the Norman Conquest taken from records, manuscripts, and other the most indisputable authorities by Mark Noble. London: Printed for J. Debrett and T. Egerton, 1804, 1805

NOTE: Mark Noble (1754-1827) was Rector of Barming.

Philipott, John. Apprenticeship in Trade No Abatement to Gentility, Only Making it Sleep or be in Abeyance During the Term of the Indentures. No further information found.

Philipot, John. Memoir of John Philpot, the Herald. In W. A. S. Robertson, Mediæval Folkestone, An Antiquary's Notes. 3 parts/ London: 1876

Philipott, John. Pedigrees of the Lambarde and Multon Families, from the Visitation of Kent by Philipott, 1619. With notes, etc., compiled by Joseph Jackson Howard... Reprinted from "Archæologia Cantiana," etc. London: Privately printed for the family, circa 1865; 16 pages.

NOTE: This edition only printed 25 copies, one of which is in the British Library.

Philipott, John. The Visitation of the County of Kent, taken in... 1619 by John Philipott [as deputy for Sir W. Camden]. (Edited, with notes, by J. J. Howard. Reprinted from "Archæologia Cantiana.") Three parts. London: J. E. Taylor, 1863-1866; 112 pages.

Philipot, Thomas. A Brief Historical Discourse of the Original and Growth of Heraldry, demonstrating upon what Rational Foundations, that Noble and Heroick Science is established. London: E. Tyler and R. Hold, 1672; 143 pages.

Philipot, Thomas. The Descent of King Stephen as extracted from that eminent family of the Earls of Blois and Champaigne, etc. In Southouse, Thomas. Monasticon Favershamiense in Agro Cantiano: or, a Surveigh of the Monastry of Faversham, in the County of Kent.... To which is added an Appendix of the descent of King Stephen, by T. Philipot. London: T. Passenger: 1671.

Philipott, Thomas. An Historical Discourse of the First Invention of Navigation, and the Additional Improvements of it. With the probable Causes of the Variation of the Compass, and the Variation of the Variation.... (Originally printed 1661). London: Printed for John White & John Murray, Fleet Street; and John Harding, St James's Street, 1808-1810.

Philipot, Thomas. The Original and Growth of the Spanish Monarchy united with the House of Austria: Extracted from those chronicles, annals, registers, and genealogies that yeild [sic] any faithful representation how the houses of Castile, Aragon and Burgundy became knit and combin'd into one body: to which are added several discourses of those accessions and improvements in Italy, Africk, with the East and West-Indies that are now annexed by alliance or conquest to the diadem of Spain. London: Printed by W. G. for R. Taylor…, 1664.

Philipot, Thomas. Poems. London: Printed by R.A. for John Wilcox, and are to be sold at the Crown, 1646.

Philipott, Thomas. Villare Cantianum: or, Kent Surveyed and Illustrated. Being an Exact Description of all the Parishes, Burroughs, Villages, and other Respective Mannors Included in the County of Kent; And, the Original and Intermedial Possessors of them, even until these Times. Drawn out of Charters, Escheat-Rolls, Fines, and other Publick Evidences; but especially out of Gentlemens Private Deeds and Muniments. To Which is Added An Hiftorical Catalogue of the High-Sheriffs of Kent: Collected by John Philipott Esq; Father to the Authour. First edition. London: Printed by William Godbid, and are to be sold at his House over against the Anchor Inne in Little Brittain, 1659; 401 pages.

Philipott, Thomas. Villare Cantianum: or Kent Surveyed and Illustrated. Being an exact description of all the Parishes, Burroughs, Villages and other respective Mannors included in the County of Kent, and the original and intermedial possessors of them, down to the author's time... To which is added an historical catalogue of the High-Sheriffs of Kent: collected by John Philipott. [With map.] MS. notes [by the author]. Second edition, corrected, with index. Lynn: Printed and sold by W. Whittingham [etc.], 1776; 400 pages.

NOTE: Thomas Philipott is described as "Formerly of Clare-Hall in Cambridge". Includes Address 'To his worthy Friend Tho Philipott Esq; Upon his Diligent Survey of the Mannors of Kent: Entituled, Villare Cantianum, by Joh. Bois of Hode Esq.' Illustration from Roman times of 9 Maritime Towns, illustration of 'The Barons of the Ports', one other illustration of two coats of arms. 'A Table of Addenda or Omissions' signed 'James Beecher His Book 1705'. Separate chapter on 'The Description of the Islands' including Elmeley [near Faversham], Graine, Hartie, Oxney, Shepey [Including 'Constables of Quinborough Caftle'], Thanet [Including paragraphs on Sarre, Downebarton, Quekes, Weft-gate, Dandelion, Nash-court, Dene, Hengrove, Salmeston, Dane-court, Ellington, Manston, St. Lawrence, Minster, and Monkton], and Stonar. Final chapter deals with 'The Etymology, Derivation, and Definition, of all the Hundreds and Parishes mentioned in the Map of Kent, as they are derived from fome Saxon Radix'.

Philipott, Thomas, and Codrington, Robert. Æsop's Fables, with his Life: in English, French & Latin. The English by Tho. Philipott... the French and Latin by Rob. Codrington... Illustrated... by Francis Barlow. Three parts. London: William Godbid for Francis Barlow, 1666.

Plot, Robert. Quær's to be propounded to the most ingenious of each county in my travels through England. Oxford: s.n., circa 1674.

NOTE: "An outline of the questionnaire Robert Plot [1640-1696] designed for his proposed surveys of the counties of England and Wales; only the Staffordshire volume was published (1686)." A copy of the questionnaire outline is in the Oxford University collections.

Plutarch; Langhorne, John, and Langhorne, William. Plutarch's Lives Translated from the Original Greek; with Notes, Critical and Historical; and a Life of Plutarch in Six Volumes. London: W. Robinson & Sons, et al., Printed by Richards & Co.,1823.

Prynne, William. The Grand Designs of the Papists, in the Reign of our Late Sovereign Charles the I. and Now Carried on Against His Present Majesty, His Government, and the Protestant Religion... London: Printed by H. Hills, 1678.

Prynne, William. The History of King John, King Henry III, and the Most Illustrious King Edward the I: wherein the ancient sovereign dominion of the kings of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland over all persons in all causes, is asserted and vindicated against all incroachments and innovations whatsoever : the mistakes in some printed statutes, cannonists, law-books, histories, &c. and other matters of moment are rectified and rescued from oblivion : collected out of the ancient records of the Tower of London ... / by William Prynne, Esq....London: Printed by Tho. Ratcliff and Tho. Daniel, for Philip Chetwind ... Nathaniel Brook ... and Edward Thomas ..., 1670.

NOTE: Commonly referred to as Prynne's Records.

Prynne, William. Rome's Master-Peece; or, the Grand Conspiracy of the Pope [Urban VIII.] and his Jesuited instruments to extirpate the Protestant Religion, re-establish Popery, subvert lawes, liberties, peace, Parliaments by kindling a civill war in Scotland, and all his Majesties realmes, and to poyson the King himselfe in case hee comply not with them in these their execrable designes. Revealed out of conscience to Andreas ab Habernfeld, by an agent sent from Rome into England, by Cardinall Barbarino, ... who discovered it to Sir William Boswell... He... to the Arch-bishop of Canterbury, among whose papers it was casually found by Master Prynne, … who communicated it to the King…Published by authority of Parliament…etc. Second edition. London: Printed for Michael Sparke, Senior, 1644.

Prynne, William. The Treachery and Disloyalty of Papists to Their Soveraignes... with the Soveraigne Power of Parliaments and Kingdomes... Second edition. London: Printed for M. Sparke, 1643.

NOTE: I could not find a record of Papal Usurp., by Prynne. However, Mackie undoubtedly was referring to William Prynne (1600-1669), English parliamentarian, lawyer, and propagandist. According to the Dictionary of National Biography, he wrote about 200 books and pamphlets, many against the Papacy. As appointed keeper of the records to Charles II, Prynne published several works on British history including Brevia Parliamentaria Rediviva in 1662, a widely used compilation of English constitutional history. William Prynne was a contentious and erudite Puritan attorney and onetime keeper of records for Parliament who is remembered for his numerous books and pamphlets about legal history, religion and politics, and for his ability to antagonize others. He was particularly critical of the court and clergy during the reign of Charles I. His personality and choice of targets eventually led to his disbarment, imprisonment, and mutilation (loss of ears) by the Star Chamber.
The Encyclopaedia Britannica reports Prynne was "Puritan to the core, with a tenacious memory, a strength of will bordering upon obstinacy, and a want of sympathy with human nature. His first book, The Perpetuity of a Regenerate Man's Estate (1627), defended one of the main Calvinistic positions, and The Unloveliness of Love-locks and Health's Sickness (1628) attacked prevailing fashions without any sense of proportion, treating follies on the same footing as scandalous vices.
"In 1629 Prynne came forward as the assailant of Arminianism in doctrine and of ceremonialism in practice, and thus drew down upon himself the anger of Laud. Historiomastix, published in 1633, was a violent attack upon stage plays in general, in which the author pointed out that kings and emperors who had favoured the drama had been carried off by violent deaths, which assertion might easily be interpreted as a warning to the king, and applied a disgraceful epithet to actresses, which, as Henrietta Maria was taking part in the rehearsal of a ballet, was supposed to apply to the queen. After a year's imprisonment in the Tower Prynne was sentenced by the star chamber on the 17th of February 1634 to be imprisoned for life, and also to be fined £5ooo, expelled from Lincoln's Inn, rendered incapable of returning to his profession, degraded from his degree in the university of Oxford, and set in the piliory, where he was to lose both his ears. The latter portion of the sentence was carried out on the 7th of May, and the rest of his punishment inflicted except the exaction of the fine. There is no reason to suppose that his punishment was unpopular. In 1637 he was once more in the star chamber, together with Bastwick and Burton. In A Divine Tragedy Lately Acted he had attacked the Declaration of Sports, and in News from Ipswich he had assailed Wren and the bishops generally. On the 3oth of June a fresh sentence… was executed. The stumps of Prynne's ears were shorn off in the pillory, and he was branded on the cheeks with the letters S.L., meaning 'seditious libeller,' which Prynne, however, interpreted as 'stigmata laudis.' He was removed to Carnarvon Castle, and thence to Mont Orgueil Castle in Jersey, where he occupied himself in writing against popery.
"Immediately upon the meeting of the Long Parliament in 1640 Prynne was liberated. On the 28th of November he entered London in triumph, and on the 2nd of March 1641, reparation was voted by the Commons, at the expense of his persecutors. Prynne now attacked the bishops and the Roman Catholics and defended the taking up of arms by the parliament. The words "Touch not mine anointed," he declared in the Vindication of Psalm cv. ver. 15 (1642), only commanded kings not to oppress their subjects. In 1643 he took an active part in the proceedings against Nathaniel Fiennes for the surrender of Bristol, and showed a vindictive energy in the prosecution of Archbishop Laud. He manipulated the evidence against him, and having been entrusted with the search of Laud's papers, he published a garbled edition of the archbishop's private "Diary," entitled A Breviate of the Life of Archbishop Laud. He also published Hidden Works of Darkness brought to Light in order to prejudice the archbishop's case, and after his execution, Canterbury's Doom . . . an unfinished account of the trial commissioned by the House of Commons. Prynne supported a national church controlled by the state, and issued a series of tracts against independency, including in his attacks Henry Burton his former fellow sufferer in the pillory…He also opposed violently the Presbyterian system, and denied the right of any Church to excommunicate except by leave of the state [in] A Vindication oj Four Serious Questions (1645). He was throughout an enemy of individual freedom in religion.
"Prynne took the side of the parliament against the army in 1647, supported the cause of the eleven impeached members and visited the university of Oxford as one of the parliamentary commissioners. On the 7th of November 1648 Prynne was returned as member for Newport in Cornwall. He at once took part against those who called for the execution of Charles, and on the 6th of December delivered a speech of enormous length in favour of conciliating the king. The result was his inclusion in 'Pride's Purge' on the morning of the 6th, when, having resisted to military violence, he was imprisoned. After recovering his liberty Prynne retired to Swainswick. On the 7th of June 1649 he was assessed to the monthly contribution laid on the country by parliament. He not only refused to pay, but published A Legal Vindication of the Liberties of England, arguing that no tax could be raised without the consent of the two houses. In the same year he began a long account of ancient parliaments, intended to reflect on the one in existence, and in June 1650 he was imprisoned in Dunster Castle, afterwards at Taunton, and in June 1651 at Pendennis Castle. He was at last offered his discharge on giving a bond of £1000 to do nothing to the prejudice of the commonwealth. This he refused, and an unconditional order for his release was given on the 18th of February 1653. After his release' Prynne further expressed his feelings in defence of advowsons and patrons, an attack on the Quakers (1655), and in a pamphlet against the admission of the Jews to England (A Short Demurrer to the Jews) issued in 1656….
"On the restoration of the Rump Parliament by the army of the 7th of May 1659 fourteen of the secluded members, with Prynne among them, claimed admittance...On the 27th of December Prynne made another fruitless attempt to take his seat. In obedience to the popular voice, however, on. the 21st of February 1660, the ejected members of 1648, led in triumph by Prynne, wearing a basket-hilt sword, re-entered the house. He supported the Restoration in this parliament, and in the Convention Parliament, which met on the 25th of April 1660, and in which he sat for Bath, he urged severe measures against the regicides, and the exclusion of several individuals from the Act of Indemnity. He was foremost in support of the claims of the Presbyterians and against the bishops, advocated the indiscriminate infliction of penalties, and demanded that the officials of the commonwealth should be compelled to refund their salaries. He was nominated a commissioner for disbanding the army, and was appointed keeper of the records in the Tower, a post in which he performed useful services."
SOURCES: From the Dictionary of National Biography XVI: 432-437; and the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Seymour, Charles. A New Topographical, Historical, and Commercial Survey of the Cities, Towns and Villages of the County of Kent. Arranged in Alphabetical Order. Canterbury: Printed for the author, 1776.

Smith, C. Roach. A Catalogue of Anglo-Saxon and Other Antiquities, Discovered at Faversham, in Kent, and Bequeathed by William Gibbs, Esq., of That Town, to the South Kensington Museum. London: By Eyre and Spottiswoode, for Chapman and Hall, 1873. Somerville, Mary. On the Connexion of the Physical Sciences. London: J. Murray, 1846.

Somner, William. The Antiquities of Canterbury. A survey of that ancient citie, with the suberbs and cathedrall; containing principally matters of antiquity in them all. Collected chiefly fromold manuscripts, leiger-bookes, and other like records, for the most part never as yet printed. With an appendix here annexed: Wherin (for better satisfaction to the learned) the manuscripts and recoerds of chiefest consequence, are faithfully exhibited. With maps and illustrations. London: Printed by I. L. for Richard Thrale to be sold at his shop at PaulsGate at the sign of the cross keys, 1640.

NOTE: First significant town history in English.

Somner, William. The Antiquities of Canterbury. The most accurate history of the ancient city, and famous cathedral of Canterbury: Being an exact description of all the rarities in that city, suburbs, and cathedral: together, with the lives of all the arch-bishops of that See; illustrated with divers maps and figures. Published by Will. Somner. London: Printed by William Godbid for Richard Thrale, at the Crosse-Keyes at Paul's gate, entring into Cheap-side, 1661.

Somner, William. The Antiquities of Canterbury. In two parts. The first part. The antiquities of Canterbury; or a survey of that ancient city, with the suburbs and cathedral, &c; Sought out and published by the industry and good will of William Somner. Second edition, revised and enlarged by Nicolas Battely. Also Mr. Somner's discourse called Chartham News... The second part. Cantuaria sacra: or the antiquities I. Of the cathedral and metropolitical church... enquired into, by Nicolas Battely. London: Printed for R. Knaplock at The Angel & Crown in St. Paul's Church-yard, 1703.

NOTE: William Somner (1598-1669) held office in the Canterbury archdiocese under William Laud and is best remembered for an edition of Anglo-Saxon laws. "The earliest history of Canterbury, Antiquities of Canterbury, written by William Somner in 1640, has proved to be one of the most enduring histories of the many written about the city. William Somner was born at 5 Castle Street and went to King's School. His father was the registrar of the consistory court of the cathedral, dealing with ecclestical business and legal matters. William Somner was a Royalist, but unfortunately his book, published as the Civil War began, proved a great help to the Cromwellian forces who succeeded in entering the city; later, he was imprisoned in Deal for his anti-parliamentary activities. Somner presented Charles II with a copy of the Antiquities of Canterbury, when the re-instated king arrived at Dover in 1660." The Cathedral Library houses Somner's books and manuscripts which were purchased by the Dean and Chapter from his widow in 1669. "Apart from his notes and printed books on history, there are manuscripts and printed books on Anglo-Saxon studies which he used to prepare his Anglo-Saxon dictionary." SOURCES: Canterbury information at; and

Somner, William. A Treatise of Gavelkind, Both Name and Thing. Shewing the True Etymologie and Derivation of the One, the Nature, Antiquity, and Original of the Other. London: Printed By R. and W. Leybourn, 1660.

Somner, William. A Treatise of Gavelkind, Both Name and Thing. Shewing the True Etymoligie and Derivation of the One, the Nature, Antiquity, and Original of the Other, etc. etc. etc. By (a Well-willer to both) William Somner. The Second Edition, etc. London: Printed for Gyles, 1726.

NOTE: Gavelkind was a system of land tenure common before the Conquest but surviving only in Kent when this was written, the earliest book on the subject.

Somner, William. A Treatise of the Roman Ports and Forts in Kent. By William Somner. Publish'd by James Brome... To which is prefixt the life of Mr. Somner. Oxford: Printed at the Theater, 1693.

NOTE: Includes a Catalogue of the Lord Wardens of the Cinque Ports.

Southouse. Thomas. Monasticon Favershamiense in Agro Cantiano: or, a Surveigh of the Monastry of Faversham, in the County of Kent.... To which is added an Appendix of the descent of King Stephen, by T. Philipot. London: T. Passenger, 1671.

Strype, John. Annals of the Reformation and Establishment of Religion and Other Various Occurrences in the Church and State of England. From the Accession of Queen Elizabeth to the Crown Anno 1558 to the Commencement of the Reign of King James I. Third edition, with large additions. Three Volumes. 1735.

NOTE: The book by Strype (1643-1737) presents an account of the restoring of religion from its corruptions introduced under Queen Mary, focusing on the difficulties which the state as well as the church met with from time to time. The text is also interspersed with details about political affairs, records of note, and papers of value transcribed from the originals. The appendix contains scarce records vindicating English history.

Strype, John. Annals of the Reformation and Establishment of Religion and other Various Occurrences in the Church of England during Queen Elizabeth's happy reign: Together with an appendix of original papers of state, records and letters. Four volumes. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1824.

Strype, John. Ecclesiastical Memorials: Relating chiefly to religion, and the reformation of it, and the emergencies of the Church of England, under King Henry VIII, King Edward VI and Queen Mary I; with large appendixes, containing original papers, records, &c./ by John Strype. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1822.

Stukeley, William. Itinerarium Curiosum: or, An Account of the Antiquitys and Remarkable Curiositys in Nature or Art, Observ'd in Travels thro' Great Britain. London: For the Author, 1724.

Stukeley, William. Itinerarium Curiosum: or, An Account of the Antiquitys and Remarkable Curiositys in Nature or Art, Observ'd in Travels thro' Great Britain....The second edition, with large additions. London: Baker and Leigh, 1776.

NOTE: William Stukeley (1687-1765), physician and later clergyman, was one of the co-founders of the Society of Antiquities. Itinerarium Curiosum was the first of his books regarding his antiquarian tours, and the plates in it are notable because besides showing the ancient sites in relation to the surrounding countryside, they show England before the changes brought on by enclosing the commons. The second volume of the second edition contains material which was not published in the first, which in turn has led many commentators to prefer the second edition over the first. Of this particular work, John Michell says, "As records of ancient monuments these have never been surpassed. Archaeologists still refer to Stukeley's plates and to the volumes of his manuscript notes and sketches, many of them now in the Bodleian Library at Oxford, as accurate accounts, often the only ones ever made, of monuments now vanished." Stukeley later became very involved with studying the Druids. SOURCE: John Michell, Megalithomania: Artists, Antiquarians, and Archaeologists at The Old Stone Monuments. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1982, p. 10.

Tanner, Thomas. Notitia Monastica; or an Account of all the Abbies, Priories, and Houses of Friers, Formerly in England and Wales and Also of all the Colleges and Hospitals Founded Before A.D. MDXL. First edition, Oxford: Printed at the Theater, 1695; and London: A. & F. Churchill, 1695. Second edition, London: Printed by William Bowyer, 1744; reprinted by James Nasmith, with many additions, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1787.

NOTE: According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, ThomasTanner (1674-1735), "English antiquary and prelate, was …educated at Queen's College, Oxford, taking holy orders in 1694. Next year he became chaplain and then fellow of All Souls College, and a few years later private chaplain to John Moore (1646-1714), bishop of Norwich and afterwards of Ely, who appointed him chancellor of the diocese of Norwich. In 1706 he became rector of Thorpe, near Norwich, in 1713 a canon of Ely, in 1724 a canon of Christ Church, Oxford, and in 1732 bishop of St Asaph. He died in Oxford, where he had passed most of his life, on the 14th of December 1735.
"Tanner's chief work is his Notitia Monastica, a short account of all the religious houses in England and Wales. This was published at Oxford in 1695; it was reprinted with additions by the author's brother, John Tanner, in 1744; and was reprinted again with further additions by James Nasmith (1740-1808) in 1787. He also wrote Bibliotheca Britannico-Hibernica, a dictionary of all the authors who flourished in England, Scotland and Ireland before the opening of the I7th century, at which he laboured for forty years. This was not published until 1748, thirteen years after the author's death. The bishop collected materials for a history of Wiltshire and worked for some time on a new edition of the works of John Leland. His valuable collection of books and manuscripts is in the Bodleian library at Oxford." SOURCES: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Thorne, William. Chronica... de rebus gestis abbatum sancti Augustini Cantuariæ. Cui accessit chronologia quondam spectans ad prædictum cænobium Augustinense ["Chronicle of the Abbots of St. Augustine's Canterbury"] in Twysden, Sir Roger. Historiæ Anglicanæ Scriptores X. Simeon Monachus Dunelmensis. Johannes Prior Hagustaldensis. Ricardus Prior Hagustaldensis. Ailredus Abbas Rievallensis. Radulphus de Diceto Londoniensis. Johannes Brompton Jornallensis. Gervasius Monachus Dorobornensis. Thomas Stubbs Dominicanus. Gulielmus Thorn Cantuariensis. Henricus Knighton Leicestrensis. Ex vetustis manuscriptis, nunc primum in lucem editi. Adjectis variis lectionibus, glossario, indiceque copioso. (Joannes Seldenus, de scriptoribus hisce nunc primum editis.) Londini (London): Sumptibus Cornelii Bee: 1652.

Turpin [Pseudo-Turpin]. Turpini Historia Karoli Magni et Rotholandi; texte rev. et complété d'après sept manuscrits, par Ferdinand Castets...Paris: Maisonneuve et cie, 1880.

Turpin (i.e., Pseudo-Turpin). Chronique de Turpin (Cronique et hystoire faicte et composee par reverend pere en dieu Turpin archevesque de Reims lung des pairs de France....). Paris: Silvestre, 1835.

NOTE: A limited re-edition (120 numbered copies) of the 1527 edition of Turpin's Chronicle, a key source for the Roland myth in the Chanson de Roland. Scholars now believe Turpin's Chronicle was written by later monks, hence the use of pseudo-Turpin.

Tysilio, ap Brochwael, Prince of Powys. The Chronicle of the Kings of Britain; translated from the Welsh copy attributed to Tysilio; collated with several other copies, and illustrated with copious notes [being a translation of the text of "Brut Tysilio" published in the "Myvyrian Archaiology" of Owen Jones, with additions and variants from other MSS. incorporated in the text]; to which are added, original dissertations on the following subjects, viz. On the history and epistle attributed to Gildas. On the authority of the Brut. On the primary population of Britain. On the laws of Dyfnwal Moelmyd, and on the antient British church. By the Rev. Peter Roberts. [The whole preceded by the Trojan History of Dares Phrygius, translated from the Welsh version of the Book of Basingwerk.] [Collectanea Cambrica. Volume 1.] London: E. Williams, 1811.

Tysilio, ap Brochwael, Prince of Powys. A History of the Kings of Ancient Britain, from Brutus to Cadwaladr. Abridged from the Collectanea Cambrica [i.e., from the interpolated translation of "Brut Tysilio" published by Peter Roberts in volume 1. of the "Collectanea Cambrica"]. With notes. By Manley Pope. London: Simpkin, Marshall & Co., 1862.

Weever, John. Ancient Funerall Monuments with in the United Monarchie of Great Britaine, Ireland, and the Islands Adjacent with the Dissolved Monasteries Therein Contained: Their Founders and What Eminent Persons Have Beene in the Same Interred. As Also the Death and Buriall of Certaine of the Bloud Royale, The Nobilitie, and Gentrie of These Kingdomes Entombed in Forraine Nations With Other Matters Mentioned in the Insuing Title. Composed By the Travels and Studie of John Weever. London: Printed by Tho Harper and are to be sold in Little Britayne by Laurence Sadler at the Signe of the Golden Lion, 1631; 871pp. Frontspiece is a full page engraving, 5 other full page engraved plates, engraved title page and 12 other pages with 15 engravings.

NOTE: According to the Encyclopaedia Britannica, John Weever (1576-1632) was an "English poet and antiquary, a native of Lancashire…He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge; where he resided for about four years from 1594, but he took no degree. In 1599 he published Epigrammes in the Oldest Cut and Newest Fashion, containing a sonnet on Shakespeare, and epigrams on Samuel Daniel, Michael Drayton, Ben Jonson, William Warner and Christopher Middleton, all of which are valuable to the literary historian. In 1601 he published The Mirror of Martyrs or The Life and Death of . . . Sir John Oldcastle, which he calls in his preface the " first trew Oldcastle," perhaps on account of the fact that Shakespeare's Falstaff first appeared as Sir John Oldcastle. In the fourth stanza of this long poem, in which Sir John is his own panegyrist, occurs a reminiscence of Shakespeare's Julius Caesar which serves to fix the date of the play. After travelling in France, the Low Countries and Italy, Weever settled in Clerkenwell, and made friends among the chief antiquaries of his time. The result of extensive travels in his own country appeared in Ancient Funerall Monuments (1631), now valuable on account of the later obliteration of the inscriptions."
Despite the broad geography implied in the title, the work covers only the dioceses of Canterbury, London, Norwich, and Rochester. No other volumes were published in this projected series as he died just a few months after Ancient Funerall Monuments was published. As a history of Medieval monuments and eminent personages, Weever has been used as a reference source by many historians and writers. Iain Wright describes him in an essay on the Queen's College website as "an extraordinarily interesting and eccentric character - connoisseur of graveyards, tobacco-enthusiast, sycophant, satirist, dwarf, penner of dirty ditties, egotist, pugnacious Lancashire man and proud of it. Ancient Funerall Monuments testifies to the breadth of his literary interests-it is packed with literary allusions and quotations". Joslin Hall Company reports "In any case, Ancient Funerall Monuments remains a fitting monument to the memory of this incredibly interesting antiquary. The book is handsomely printed with a variety of typefaces, ruled margins, woodcuts and decorated initial letters." SOURCES: the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,;; and

WRENCH. Frederick. Rector of Stowting. A Brief Account of the Parish of Stowting... and of the Antiquities Lately Discovered There. London: 1845.

The Following are Books Not Cited by Mackie, But Which are of Interest and Were Contemporaniously Available to His Researches

Andrews, John, and Drury, Andrew. Kent from an Actual Survey... being part of the map of 14 counties round London / by John Andrews & Andrew Dury; Drawn & engraved by J. Andrews. London: J. Stoke, London: 1777.

Bagshaw, Samuel. History, Gazetteer and Directory of the County of Kent. Two volumes. Sheffield: 1847.

Berry, William. County Genealogies. Pedigrees of the Families of the County of Kent; collected from the heraldic visitations and other authentic manuscripts in the British Museum, and in the possession of private individuals, and from the information of the present resident families. London: Sherwood, Gilbert and Piper, printed by W. Marchant, 1830.

Bowen, Emanuel. An Accurate Map of the County of Kent... London: Robt. Sayer..., 1766. Engraved map, hand-coloured in outline, inset map of the 'Downs', decorative cartouche showing fishing and gardening, squared, dissected into 12 sheets.

Brayley, E. W. Delineations, Historical and Topographical, of the Isle of Thanet and the Cinque Ports. Illustrated with engravings, by William Deeble. Two volumes. London: Sherwood, Neely, & Jones [and others], 1817-1818.

Britton, John. The History and Antiquities of the Metropolitical Church of Canterbury: Illustrated by a series of engravings of views, elevations, plans, and details of the architecture of that edifice: with biographical anecdotes of the archbishops, etc. London: M. A. Nattali, 1836.

Cooke, G. A. A Topographical and Statistical Description of the County of Kent. New edition. London: Sherwood, Gilbert, & Piper, [circa 1840].

Coote, Henry Charles. Vortigern, not Hengest, the Invader of Kent. London: J. B. Nichols and Sons, 1876.

Cromwell, T. K. Excursions in the County of Kent. London: Longmans, 1822.

Darell, William. The History of Dover Castle: by the Revd: Wm Darell Chaplain to Queen Elizabeth. Illustrated with 10 views, and a Plan of the Castle. London: Printed for Hooper & Wigstead, 1797; reprinted [1810?], White & Lewis

Dart, John. The History and Antiquities of the Cathedral Church of Canterbury, and the once-adjoining monastery: containing, an account of its first establishment... a survey of the present church... the lives of the archbishops, priors... an appendix of ancient charters and writings... By... J. Dart. London: Printed and sold by J. Cole, engraver; J. Hoddle, engraver; J. Smith; and A. Johnson, 1726

Davies, Rev. Edward. Celtic Researches, on the Origin, Traditions & Language of the Ancient Britons. London: Printed for the author, 1804.

Dearn, T. D. W. An Historical Topographical and Descriptive Account of the Weald of Kent: With eight engravings and a map. By T. D. W. Dearn, Cranbrook. Cranbrook: Printed for and sold by S. Reader; sold also by B. & R. Crosby, London; and by all the booksellers in Kent and Sussex, 1814. T

he Dover, Folkestone, & Deal Guide & Appendix, with Almanack. Dover: [1875].

Fisher, Thomas. The Kentish Traveller's Companion, in a descriptive view of the towns, villages, remarkable buildings and antiquities, situated on or near the road from London to Margate, Dover and Canterbury... Fifth edition.... considerably enlarged. Canterbury: Simmons and Kirkby and Jones, 1799.

NOTE: Thomas Fisher, bookseller of Rochester, died 1786, with publication continued after his death.

Furley, Robert. A History of the Weald of Kent, with an outline of the early history of the county, by Robert Furlfey, F.S.A., also a sketch of the physical features of the district, by Henry B. Mackeson, F.G.S. Ashford, H. Igglesden [etc.]. London: J. R. Smith, 1871-1874.

Glynne, Stephen Richard. Notes on Churches of Kent, edited by W. H. Gladstone, with illustrations. London: John Murray, 1877.

Greenwood, Christopher. An Epitome of County History, wherein the most remarkable objects, persons and events are briefly treated of... Each county illustrated by a map.... Vol. 1. County of Kent. London: Published for the Proprietor, at the office of the author, 1838.

Harris, John. The History of Kent in Five Parts: Containing, I. An exact topography or Description of the county. II. The civil history of Kent. III. The ecclesiastial history of Kent. IV.... V...., vol.1 / by John Harris, D.D. and F.R.S. London: Printed and sold by D. Midwinter, 1719.

NOTE: Part IV. The history of the Royal Navy of England, and Part V. The natural history of Kent, although listed on the title page, were never published. Parts I-III (or, as numbered in the text, Bk I, Bk II and Bk II pt II) are all contained in volume 1, the only one to be published.

Henshall, Samuel. Specimens and Parts; Containing a History of the County of Kent, and a dissertation on the laws, from the reign of Edward the Confessor, to Edward the First; a topographical, commercial, civil, and nautical history of South Britain, with its gradual and comparative progress, in trade, arts, polity, population, and shipping, from authentic documents. London: Printed for the author [etc.], 1798.

Hughes, John. Horae Britannicae, or, Studies in Ancient British History: Containing various disquisitions on the national and religious antiquities of Great Britain / by John Hughes. London: J. and T. Clarke [etc.], 1819.

Hussey, Arthur. Notes on the churches in the counties of Kent, Sussex, and Surrey, mentioned in Domesday Book, and those of more recent date. Including comparative lists of the churches, and some account of the sepulchral memorials and other antiquities. London: J. R. Smith, 1852.

The Hythe, Sandgate and Folkestone Guide... To which is subjoined, a brief history of the Cinque-Ports. Hythe: 1816. The Illustrated Hand-Book of Folkestone and its Picturesque Neighbourhood. Second edition. Folkestone: 1851.

Ireland, W. H. England's Topographer or a New and Complete History of the County of Kent: Embellished with a Series of Views. Four volumes. London: George Virtue, Ivy Lane, Paternoster Row, 1828-1830. Complete with map of Kent and fully illustrated with engravings. See especially, volume 2, "The Hundred of Folkstone," pp. 148-209.

Jacob, Edward. An Accurate Plan of the Town of Faversham in the County of Kent - An Ancient Member of the Cinque Ports. Town plan engraved by J. Hilton, inset vignette entitled 'A Prospect of the Remains of Faversham Abbey', 1770. J

ones & Co. Jones' Views of the Seats, Mansions, Castles, etc. of Noblemen and Gentleman in England: Accompanied with historical descriptions of the mansions, lists of pictures, statues, &c. and genealogical sketches of the families, of their possessors; froming part of the general series of Jones' Great Britain Illustrated. and comprised in the counties following, viz: Bedfordshire, Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Chedhire, Cumberland, Derbyshire, Durham, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Kent, Lancashire, Leicestershire, Lincolnshire, Norfolk, Northamptonshire. London: Jones & Co., 1829. With 180 steel-engraved plates on 90 sheets.

Lingard, John. The History and Antiquities of the Anglo-Saxon Church; Containing an Account of its Origin, Government, Doctrines, Worship, Revenues and Clerical and Monastic Institutions. Third edition. Two volumes. London: Charles Dolman, 1845.

Lingard, John. The History of England: From the First Invasion by the Romans to the Accession of William and Mary in 1688. Sixth edition, revised and enlarged. Ten volumes. London: Charles Dolman, 1855.

NOTE: John Lingard (1771-1851), English historian. In "1794 he settled along with seven other former members of the old Douai college at Crook Hall near Durham, where on the completion of his theological course he became vice president of the reorganized seminary. In 1795 he was ordained priest, and soon afterwards undertook the charge of the chairs of natural and moral philosophy. In … 1811, after declining the presidency of the college at Maynooth, he withdrew to the secluded mission at Hornby in Lancashire, where for the rest of his life he devoted himself to literary pursuits. In 1817 he visited Rome, where he made researches in the Vatican Library. In 1821 Pope Pius VII created him doctor of divinity and of canon and civil law…
"Lingard wrote The Antiquities of the Anglo-Saxon Church (1806), of which a third and, greatly enlarged addition appeared in 1845 under the title The History and Antiquities of the Anglo-Saxon Church; containing an account of its origin, government, doctrines,' worship, revenues, and clerical and monastic institutions; but the work with which his name is chiefly associated is A History of England, from the first invasion by the Romans to the commencement of the reign of William III, which appeared originally in 8 vols. at intervals between 1819 and 1830. Three successive subsequent editions had the benefit of extensive revision by the author; a fifth edition in 10 vols. 8vo appeared in 1849, and a sixth, with life of the author by Tierney prefixed to vol. x., in 1854-1855. Soon after its appearance it was translated into French, German and Italian. It is a work of ability and research; and, though Cardinal Wiseman's claim for its author that he was 'the only impartial historian of our country' may be disregarded, the book remains interesting as representing the view taken of certain events in English history by a devout, but able and learned, Roman Catholic in the earlier part of the 19th century." Despite the Britannica's conclusion, Lingard was an honest historian who let the facts speak for themselves, even when they challenged church dogma. In this he upheld the "view that the search for historical truth, despite the obstacles, is not a waste of time or effort." SOURCE: The 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Lysons, Daniel, and Lysons, Samuel. Magna Britannia: Being a concise topographical account of the several counties of Great Britain. / By the Rev. Daniel Lysons... and Samuel Lysons...Six volumes. London: Printed for T. Cadell and W. Davies..., 1806-1822.

Lysons, Samuel. Our British Ancestors: Who and What Were They? An inquiry serving to elucidate the traditional history of the Early Britons, by means of recent excavations, etymology,... inscriptions, craniology, etc. Oxford: John Henry and James Parker, 1865.

Lysons, Samuel. Reliquiæ Britannico-Romanæ. Four volumes. London: Printed by T. Bensley, and sold by Messrs. Cadel and Davies [etc.], 1813-1817.

Mayer, J. On the Preparations of the County of Kent to Resist the Spanish Armada, from the MS: papers of Roger Twisden, JP and Captain of the Light Horse of the Lathe of Aylsford, AD 1585-1596. Historic Society of Lancashire and Cheshire, 1868

Miller, W. Jottings of Kent, being a series of historical, ecclesiastical, topographical, and statistical sketches. Third edition. London: Thomas Hall, 1871.

Mogg, Edward. Mogg's South Eastern or London & Dover Railway, and Tunbridge Wells, Hythe, Folkestone, and Dover Guide, etc. London: [1846].

Nelsons' Pictorial Guide-Books. Folkestone and its Neighbourhood. London: Nelson Thomas and Sons, Ltd., [1871].

A New Guide to Sandgate, Folkestone, Hythe, &c. &c. Sandgate: [c.1848].

The New Illustrated Hand-Book of Folkestone and its Picturesque Neighbourhood, with a Description of the South-Eastern Railway. Folkestone: 1848.

The Poll for Knights of the Shire to Represent the County of Kent Taken on Penenden Heath 1790. Rochester: Webster Gillman, 1791.

The Poll for Knights of the Shire to Represent the County of Kent Taken on Penenden Heath, (which commenced on Tuesday the 13th, and closed on Thursday the 22d of July, 1802). Canterbury: Printed by W. Bristow, 1803.

Recollections of Folkestone [photographic views]. Newman: circa 1876.

Robertson, William Archibald Scott. Mediæval Folkestone. An Antiquary's Notes. (Memoir of J. Philpot, the Herald.) Three parts. London: 1876

Sammes, Aylett. Britannia Antiqua Illustrata: or, the Antiquities of Ancient Britain, derived from the Phoenicians: wherein the original trade of this island is discovered, the names of places, offices dignities, as likewise the idolatry, language, and customs of the primitive inhabitants are clearly demonstrated from that nation... Together with a chronoloical history of this kingdom, from the first traditional beginning, until the year of our Lord 800... faithfully collected out of the best authors... with the antiquities of the Saxons, as well as Phoenicians, Greeks, and Romans. The first volume. London: Printed by T. Roycroft, for the author, 1676; 582 pages, with illustratrions and map.

The Sandgate, Hythe, and Folkestone Guide. Containing an account of their ancient and present state... To which is subjoined a brief history of the Cinque-Ports. Sandgate, Hythe [printed]: Purday, 1823.

Sandys, Charles. Consuetudines Kanciae. A history of Gavelkind and other remarkable customs in the county of Kent. London: J. R. Smith, 1851.

Smith, John Russell, compiler. Bibliotheca Cantiana, or, Antiquarian Kentish books. Vol.1. Being an account of the published materials, books, acts of Parliament, maps and ephemera, relating to the County of Kent up to the year 1836. London: J. R. Russell, 1837.

Stock, H. Stock's Illustrated Handbook of Folkestone and its Neighbourhood. H. Stock, 1865.

Streatfeild, Thomas. Excerpta Cantiana: Being the Prospectus of a History of Kent, preparing for publication by the Rev. Thomas Streatfeild, F.S.A. Westerham: William Nicol, Shakspeare Press for The author, 1836.

Tiffen, William. Excursions from Folkestone, Sandgate, and Hythe, on the South-eastern Coast of Kent. Hythe and Folkestone: Printed by W. Tiffen, circa 1849; London &c: [1853].

Tiffen. William. Excursions from Folkestone, Sandgate, and Hythe, on the South-eastern Coast of Kent. London and Hythe: 1853.

Tiffen, William. The New Hand-book and Guide to the Town and Port of Folkestone. Hythe &c: 1850; fourth edition, London &c: [1853].

Tiffen, William. Tiffin's Guide. 1816.

Turner, Sharon. The History of England from the earliest period to the death of Elizabeth. Twelve volumes. London: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green, and Longmans, 1839.

NOTE: Sharon Turner (1768-1847), "English historian, was born in Pentonville, London, on the 24th of September 1768. His parents came from Yorkshire. He was educated at a private school kept by Dr Davis in Pentonville, and was articled to a solicitor in the Temple in 1783, and when his master died in 1789 he continued the business. He remained in business at first in the Temple, and later in Red Lion Square till 1829, when failing health compelled him to retire. He settled for a time at Winchmore Hill, but afterwards returned to London, and died in his son's house on the 13th of February 1847. In early boyhood he had been attracted by a translation of the "Death Song of Ragnar Lodbrok," and was led by this boyish interest to make a study of early English history in Anglo-Saxon and Icelandic sources. He devoted all the time he could spare from his business to the study of Anglo-Saxon documents in the British Museum. The material was abundant and had hitherto been neglected. When the first volume of his History of England from the earliest times to the Norman Conquest appeared in 1799, it was at once recognized as a work of equal novelty and value. The fourth volume appeared in 1805. He also published a continuation (History of England during the Middle Ages), a Modern History of England, a Sacred History of the World, and a volume on Richard III (1845), and he was the author of pamphlets on the copyright laws (1813)." SOURCE: From the 1911 Edition of the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

Ullyett, H. Rambles of a Naturalist Round Folkestone, with Occasional Papers on the Fauna and Flora of the District. Folkestone: J. English, steam printer, 1880.

The Following are Modern Books Published After Mackie, But Which May Be of Interest to Current Readers

Birch, W. P. and Company. Waistcoat Pocket Guide to Folkestone, Sandgate, Hythe and Neighbourhood. Folkestone: E. Matthew, 1891.

Bishop, C. H. Old Folkestone Pubs. Old Inns, Taverns and Hotels of the Ancient Borough of Folkestone. Maidstone: Kent County Council, County Library, [1980?].

Bishop, C. H. Folkestone: The Story of a Town. Revised and reprinted. Ashford: Hadley Brothers Ltd., the Invicta Press: 1982.

Burrows, Montagu. Cinque Ports. London: Longmans & Co., 1888.

Carlile, J. C., editor. Folkestone During The War [1914-1919]: A Record of the Town's Life and Work. Edited by J. C. Carlile... with contributions by Lieut.-Col. A. Atkinson [and others], etc. Folkestone: F. J. Parsons, circa 1920.

Dickins, Charles. Pavilionstone. With an introduction by Percy Fitzgerald, M.A., F.S.A. London: The Frederick Hotels Limited, 8 Bloomsbury Square, [1902].

NOTE: Dickens visited Folkestone many times, utililizing the cross channel packet service to Boulogne. In 1853, he holidayed at the Pavilion Hotel with Folkestone described as Pavilionstone in this short work. However, this is the first appearance in book form of the sketch, originally published in the issue of Household Words for September 29th, 1855, under the title 'Out of Town'. This version, produced as an advertisement for the Pavilion Hotel, is profusely illustrated with numerous half-tones, photographs and engravings.

Ditchfield, P[eter] H[ampson], editor. Memorials of Old Kent; ed. by the Rev. P. H. Ditchfield, and George Clinch. London [etc.]: Bemrose & Sons, Limited, 1907.

Easdown, Martin. Victoria's Golden Pier: The Life and Times of the Victoria Pier, Folkestone and Other Attractions on Folkestone Seafront. Seabrook: Marlin, 1998.

Easdown, Martin, with Sage, Linda. Rain, Wreck & Ruin. Disaster and Misfortune in Folkestone, Sandgate, Seabrook and Cheriton. Hythe: Marlin, 1997.

Edwards, Dame Eanswythe. Saint Eanswythe of Folkestone: Her Life, Her Relics and Her Monastery. Folkestone: Folkestone Parish Church, 1980.

Elgar, William Henry. The Ancient Buildings of Folkestone District... With plates. Folkestone: F. J. Parsons, 1921.

Elgar, William Henry. A Record of a Mediaeval House, which until 1916 Stood on the Bayle, Folkestone. Folkestone: 1916.

English, John. English's Pictorial Guide to Folkestone and the Art Treasures Exhibition. Second edition. Folkestone: J. English, [1886].

English, John. English's Reminiscences of Old Folkestone Smugglers and Smuggling Days. By an Old Folkestoner. Second edition. Folkestone: J. English, 1888.

Glanfield, W. G. Rambles Around Folkestone. Folkestone: F. J. Parsons, 1900.

Goulden, R. J. Kent Town Guides, 1763-1900: A bibliography of locally-published Kent town guides, together with accounts of the printing, publishing, and production of town guides in certain towns in Kent / R.J. Goulden. London: British Library, 1995.

Heywood, John. John Heywood's Illustrated Guide to Folkestone, Hythe and Sandgate. Manchester: John Heywood Ltd., 1891-1929.

NOTE: The firm published 35 editions between 1891-1929.

Hilton, John. A History of the South Eastern & Chatham Railway. Vol.1. From 1812-1845. Hadlow: The author; Oxford: Distributed by J. Hannon and Co., 1977.

Jerrold, Walter Copeland. Folkestone and Dover. Described by Walter Jerrold. Painted by E. W. Haslehurst. London: Blackie and Son, [1920].

Jessup, Frank W. The History of Kent: A Select Bibliography. Maidstone: Kent Education Committee, 1966.

Jones, Leslie Richard. Metropole, Folkestone: The Old... the New. The Story of a Great Hotel. Folkestone: Glanmoor Management Co., 1969; 102 pages.

Harvey, William James. Genealogy of the Family of Harvey, of Folkestone... Hackney, etc. With notes. London: Privately printed, 1889. Only 50 copies printed.

Howarth, R., editor. Folkestone-Past and Present. Folkestone: Published by the Folkestone Borough Council, [1954.]

Kelly's Directory of Folkestone, Sandgate, Hythe, Cheriton, &c.... for 1896-7 [etc.]. London: Kelly's Directories, Ltd., 1896.

NOTE: Published annually until 1974.

Kidner, R. W. The South Eastern & Chatham Railway. Second edition. Lingfield: Blandford Forum, Oakwood Press, 1978.

Knollys, Edward Erskine. A Short Guide to Folkestone Parish Church. Second edition. London: Skeffington & Son, [1914].

Larking, Arthur Ernest. Notes on Folkestone, historical, climatological, and medical. With a chapter on hints on selecting apartments. London: J. & A. Churchill, 1899.

Lees, Susan. Capel-le-Ferne: The Village in the Clouds. Capel-le-Ferne: Capel-le-Ferne Parish Council, nd [circa 1999].

Marsh, Frances. A Romance of Old Folkestone. London: Arthur C. Fifield, 1906.

Mee, Arthur. The King's England: Kent. The Gateway of England and its Great Possessions. With 400 Places and 226 Pictures. London: Hodder and Stoughton, Limited, 1936; eighth impression, 1951.

A New Pictorial and Descriptive Guide to Folkestone, Sandgate, Hythe and South-East Kent, etc. [Including sections on Dover and Deal. With Maps.] London: Ward Lock & Co., [1900-.]

NOTE: These Ward Lock guides to Folkestone and vicinity ("the red book") have varying names over the years, but are filled with useful information.

Nock, Oswald Stevens. The South Eastern and Chatham Railway. [With plates and a map.] London: Ian Allan, 1961.

N.U.T. [National Union of Teachers] Conference Souvenir 1932 Folkestone With Many Illustrations. London: University of London Press, 1932.

Pascoe, C. E. Folkestone of To-Day: An Illustrated Book for Visitors, Season 1889. London: Hamilton, Adams, [1889].

Philipot, John. John Philipot's Roll of the Constables of Dover Castle and Lord Wardens of the Cinque Ports 1627. Foreword by Sir Winston Churchill. Intro & notes by Francis W. Steer. First edition. London: G. Bell and Sons, Ltd., 1956.

NOTE: The only published transcript of Philipot's Roll, the original of which lies in the East Sussex Record Office. Since Philipot's document is at variance with corresponding lists (e.g. Statham, Darell, Lyon and Hasted), its publication for a wider audience was a signficant step both for scholars of the history of the Cinque Ports and for those with an interest in the county generally. Includes biographical details and colour reproductions of Coats of Arms of 75 Constables and Wardens.

Photographic View Album of Folkestone. Folkestone: F. J. Thompson, nd [circa 1900].

Pike's Folkestone, Hythe & Sandgate Directory and Local Blue Book for 1888-9. Brighton: Robinson, Son & Pike, 1888.

NOTE: An annual publication until ended with the 1910-1911edition.

Property Register, Folkestone. Folkestone: Eiloart & Temple, [1889]; 57 pages.

Rice, John, and Rooney, Eamonn D. Folkestone, A Photographic Record. Revised edition. Stroud: Alan Sutton, circa 1992.

Rooney, Eamonn D.; Taylor, Alan F.; and Whitney, Charles E. Folkestone in Old Photographs. Stroud: Alan Sutton, 1990.

A Souvenir of Folkestone. Sixteen Pictures in Color Photography with Descriptive Notes / Folkestone: A Souvenir in Color Photography. London and Tunbridge Wells: Photochrom Co. Ltd, nd [circa 1900].

Stead, Richard, editor. Bygone Kent [Contributions by Various Authors]. Canterbury: H. J. Golden, 1892.

Taylor, Alan F. Folkestone Past and Present. Derby: Breedon, 2002.

Taylor, Alan F. Images of England: Folkestone. Stroud: Tempus, 1998.

Taylor, Alan F., and Rooney, Eamonn D. Folkestone in Old Photographs. A Second Selection. Stroud: Alan Sutton, 1992.

Waddell, L. A. The British Edda: The Great Epic Poem of the Ancient Britains on the Exploits of King Thor, Arthur or Adam and his Knights in Establishing Civilization, Reforming Eden and Capturing The Holy Grail about 3380-3350 B.C. Reconstructed for the First Time from the Medieval Mss. by Babylonian, Hittite, Egyptian, Trojan & Gothic Keys and Done Literally into English. With 30 Plates & 162 Text Illustrations of Scenes from Sumerian, British & Other Ancient Monuments, Maps, Foreword, Introduction, Notes & Glossary. London: Chapman & Hall Ltd., 1930.

Waddell, L. A. Phoenician Origin of Britons, Scots and Anglo-Saxons Discovered by Phoenician & Sumerian Inscriptions in Britain, by pre-Roman Briton Coins & a Mass of New History. Second edition. London: Williams and Norgate, Ltd., 1925; Third edition. London: Luzac & Company, 1931.

NOTE: Colonel Laurence Austine Waddell (1854-1938; LL.D.) was a noted Orientalist, archaeologist, naturalist, physician and authority on Tibet. Stationed for years with the Indian Army at Darjeeling, Waddell had repeatedly risked his life by disguising himself and crossing the border into Tibet - a country Europeans were forbidden to enter - to study the language and culture. Waddell's expertise in ancient languages also included Sumerian and Egyptian. He was a Fellow of the Royal Anthropological Institute and Linnean Society, Honorary Correspondent of the Indian Archaeological Survey and Ex-Professor of Tibetan at London University. His many detailed and controversial works challenge standard histories but have proven of enduring interest.

Walton, John W., editor. Folkestone and the Country Around. A popular and scientific survey of the natural history and archæology of the district, by members and friends of the Folkestone Natural History and General Sciences Society. [With illustrations and a map.] Folkestone: F. J. Parsons, 1925.

Whitney, Charles E. Folkestone. A Pictorial History. Photographs from the Collections of Eamonn Rooney, Alan Taylor and Roy Wilson. Chichester: Phillimore, 1986.

Winbolt, S[amuel] E[dward]. Roman Folkestone. A record of excavation of Roman villas at East Wear Bay, with speculations and historical sketches on related subjects. London: Methuen & Co., 1925.

Wing, Donald, compiler. Short-Title Catalogue of Books Printed in England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, and British America and of English Books Printed in Other Countries, 1640-1700. Three volumes. Second edition. Revised and enlarged by John J. Morrison and Carolyn Nelson. New York: Modern Language Association of America, 1982-1994.

Woodward, Matthew. Vicar of Folkestone. The Past and Present of the Parish Church of Folkestone, Together with an Account of the Reliquary of St. Eanswythe, Discovered in 1885.... Third edition. London: Skeffington & Son, 1906.

More Information about Samuel Joseph Mackie

Samuel Joseph Mackie was a geologist, palaeontologist, and antiquary (especially on the history and topography of Folkestone, Kent). He was elected a Fellow of the Geological Society of London (F.G.S.) in 1851; and a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London (F.S.A.) in 1853. More biographical details appear in: Kirk, John Foster. Allibone's Critical Dictionary of English Literature: A Supplement. British and American Authors. Two volumes. Philadelphia: J. B.Lippincott & Co., 1891. Reprint. Detroit: Gale Research, 1965. (AlliSUP) Watson, George, editor. The New Cambridge Bibliography of English Literature. Five volumes. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969-1977. Use the index in Volume 5 to locate entries. (NewCBEL)

Mackie's art works include:

Mackie, S. J. Granville Dock (Inner Harbour, Dover), watercolour painting by S. J. Mackie, 1842, in Dover Museum.

Mackie's books include:

Hulme, F.E.; Mackie, S.J.; Glaisher, J.; and Hunt, Robert. Art-Studies from Nature, As applied to Design: for the Use of Architects, Designers, and Manufacturers. Reprinted from the Art Journal. London: Virtue & Co., 1872; 212 pages. Contents: I. The adaptability of our native plants to the purposes of ornamental art. By F.E. Hulme.--II. Sea-weeds as objects of design. By S.J. Mackie.--III. The crystals of snow as applied to the purposes of design. By J. Glaisher.-- IV. The symmetrical and ornamental forms of organic remains. By R. Hunt.

Mackie, S. J. First Traces of Life on the Earth; or the Fossils of the Bottom Rocks. London: Groombridge and Sons, 1860. [First edition]. Illustrated with eight plates and 18 in-text drawings, maps and diagrams, depicting the oldest fossils then known, and their geologic strata; with 24 pages of publisher's ads at rear.

Mackie, S. J. An Illustrated Catalogue of British Fossil Sponges: No. 1 [containing part 2 "Bibliography of British Fossil Sponges" of a projected 5-part work]. London: 1866. NOTE: No more published.

Mackie, S. J., Esq., F.G.S., F.S.A., A Descriptive and Historical Account of Folkestone and its Neighbourhood. Folkestone: J. English/London: Simpkin & Marshall, 1856.

Mackie, S. J., Esq., F.G.S., F.S.A., Etc., Etc. A Descriptive and Historical Account of Folkestone and its Neighbourhood, with Gleanings from the Municipal Records, Reprinted from the Folkestone Express. Second Edition. Folkestone: Printed and Published by J. English, 1883.

Mackie, S. J. A Handbook of Folkestone for Visitors. Folkestone: J. English, 1856.

Mackie, S. J. A Handbook of Folkestone for Visitors. Second edition. Folkestone: J. English; London: Simpkin and Marshall, 1859.

Mackie, S. J. A Handbook of Folkestone for visitors. With a notice of the principal objects in the vicinity, etc. [Another edition.] Folkestone: 1860.

Mackie, S. J. A Handbook of Folkestone for visitors. With a notice of the principal objects in the vicinity, etc. Fourth edition. Folkestone: 1865.

Mackie, S. J. English's Handbook of Folkestone for Visitors. Ninth edition. Folkestone: J. English, 1874; Folkestone: J. Riley, 1876; 148 pages, plates; illustrrations, maps.

Mackie, S. J. English's Handbook of Folkestone for Visitors. Eleventh edition. Folkestone: J. Riley, [1880?].

English's Handbook of Folkestone, Hythe, Sandgate, Dover and Canterbury for Visitors... Fifteenth edition, revised and enlarged. [Originally compiled by Samuel J. Mackie.] Folkestone: "Express" Works, [1894?]; 176 pages.

English's Handbook of Folkestone, Hythe, Sandgate, Dover & Canterbury for Visitors... Eighteenth edition, revised and enlarged. [Originally compiled by Samuel J. Mackie.] Folkestone: "Express" Works, 1900.

Mackie, S. J. The Visitors' Guide-Book for Folkestone, Sandgate, and the Neighbourhood. Folkestone: 1861.

Mackie's editorships included:

Geologist; a popular monthly magazine of geology. Edited by S. J. Mackie. Volumes 1-7, London: Reynold & Co., 1858-64; no more published. After Volume 7, Geologist was incorporated with Geological Magazine.

Geological and Natural History Repertory. Edited by S. J. Mackie, 1865-1867.

Pengelly, William. Recent Encroachments of the Sea on the Shores of Torbay / edited by S. J. Mackie. From the Geologist, 1861.

Mackie's articles included:

Mackie, S. J. Remarks on the manufacture of flint tools. Geologist 4 (1861): 26-29.

Mackie, S. J. Bone and bronze relics discovered in Heathery Burn Cave near Stanhope, Durham. Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle 2nd series 2 (1861): 127-132.

Mackie, S.J. Account of the Heathery Burn Cave, and the discoveries there. Archaeological Journal 19 (1862): 358-359.

Mackie, S. J. The aeronauts of the Solenhofen age. Geologist 6 (1863):1-8. Mackie, S. J. On some human remains from Muskham, in the Valley of the Trent, and from Heathery Burn Cave, near Stanhope, in Weardale, Durham. Journal of the Ethnological Society 2 (year?): 266-278.

S. J. Mackie wrote reviews of the following books:

De Quatrefages, A. Metamorphoses of Man and the Lower Animals. Ref. 1920 (August 13, 1864), 215-216.

Pouchet, Georges. The Plurality of the Human Race. Ref. 1933 (November 12, 1864), 639-640.

Carpenter, W. B. Principles of Human Physiology. Sixth edition. Reference: 1969 (July 22, 1865), 117-119.

Bowerbank, J. S. Monograph of the Spongiadae. (August 5, 1865).

Vogt, Dr. Carl. Lectures on Man. Ref. 1972 (August 12, 1865), 218-219.

Holley, Alexander L. A Treatise on Ordnance and Armor. Reference: 1974 (August 26, 1865), 270-271.

Newspaper accounts about S.J. Mackie:

According to the index of the Dover Telegraph newspaper:

Surname Forename Occupation Place Subject Year Date Pg Col

Mackie S. J. Esq Speaker Dover Philosophical 1850 18-May 8 2