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The Crump Family of New Kent Co., Virginia

Stephen Crump and his Descendants

William Crump of York County, Virginia
Ancestor of Minnie Chesterfieldia Crump Flythe

William Crump arrived in York County, Virginia at a very early date and he is thought to have been the progenitor of the New Kent Crumps.  New Kent County was established in 1654, but the county court records are lost.  William stayed in York for several years as court records there demonstrate.  Contemporary DNA testing indicates that living descendants of the New Kent Crump families descend from a common ancestor.  The advice and assistance of Griff Crump and Ed Crump in composing this narrative has been invaluable.  

There is no evidence that William and his New Kent Crump descendants were related to Sgt. Thomas Cromp of Jamestown or his son John, the earliest Crump settlers in this region of Virginia.  Thomas Crump had no known descendants after the death of his granddaughter, Elizabeth.  The history of Thomas Cromp and his family has been described in an article by William Gann in the Magazine of Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 40, Number 4, November 2003.  I urge all Crump researchers to read it.

It is possible that William was a son of Thomas, but that is not assumed here.  None of the available documents mentioning Thomas, John, or William show any geographical, economic, or social connection between the two Crumps, proven to be father and son, and William of York.   Perhaps these Crumps were related through kin in England.  We do not know. 

Nor was William of York related to William Crump of Lancaster County, Virginia and Maryland.  The two appeared in court records in Virginia at about the same time, but the same records show, by virtue of their locations at various times, that they could not be the same man.  Recent DNA testing has confirmed the separate origins of these Crumps.

William, born in 1632, arrived in the new colony as a headright in or before 1648.  It sometimes took not just months, but years for patents to be granted.  He was 16 in that year:

June 12, 1648.  Patent of Lewis Burwell for 2350 acres on north side of York R. up Rosewell Cr.  On the Swd. side thereof beg. at Bacon point, bounded for length up the cr. To the head or maine swamp & c & for breadth beg. at sd. Point running S.S.E. down the river along the land of Georg Menefy, Esq. until it meets the land of William Smoot, 900 acs. Formerly surveyed by Nicholas Jernew; 400 acs. By Francis Cartar; and 1050 acs. By  Symon Bosman.  Due for transp. of 47 persons:…….Francis Burwell, …Thomas Vand,  Hump Vand, ……. Fra. Burwell, William Crompe .[1] 

When William was 24, he patented a large tract of land with one of his relatives:

Jan. 26, 1656.  Patent of William Crumpe & Mr. Humphry Vaulx for 1000 acres James City Co.  Neare Richohock path & behind land sometimes of Thomas Gibson, decd. beginning at Kiseohonsicke Sw., running S.E. by the head of Weekenoskeekicke (?) Sw.  Trans. of 20 persons: Thos. Preston, John Stevens, Jno. Lyon, Jno. Caldecock (?), Rebecca Molson, Tho. Ballister, Jane Goss, John Hort, Ellnr. Flettcher, John Taylor, Anne Phipps & 8 negroes.  All assigned by Maj. Crawshaw  [2]

Apparently Crump was an employee of the Vaulx family.  Robert Vaulx of London was a ship owner and merchant.  The “Vands” listed as headrights in 1648 were Vaulx relatives of Robert Vaulx, and Francis Burwell was a relative of Elizabeth Burwell Vaulx.  Crump may have been semi-literate at that time, but he was trusted to handle some of the business affairs of this family:

At a Court Held for York County, May 24, 1660.

Jan. 26, 1656
.
  I, Edward Diggs, Esq., Gov'r, whereas by articles dated at James Citty, 12 March 1651 with consent of Council of State, granted to William Crump and Mr. Humphrey Vaulx, 1000 acres land in James City county, near Rickahock Path, behind land sometime Pheneas Gibson, dec'd's, and bounded by Kistohonsicke Swamp, Weekenoskesick Swamp, said land being due to said Crump and Vaulx for transport of 20 persons into this colony.  26 Jan. 1656 
Signed: Edward Diggs, Wm Claiborne  I, William Crump, assign my right in 500 acres to Charles Woodington  Nov. 8, 1651 
signed: Wm (W) Crump, Anne (AC) Crump
Wit: John Woodington, Richard Cooper


I, Humphrey Vaulx, assign my right in 500 acres of land due me this patent to Charles Woodington.  Feb. 7, 1658. 
Signed: HumVaulx  Wit: Thomas Ludlowe, Mary Ludlowe

The 1651 date for William Crump’s assignment of his portion of the patent to Charles Woodington must be an error.  It is likely that the date was 1657.  I have no other explanation.  In 1651, William would have been 19 years old and the patent itself was dated 1756.

The court record continues:

In court 24 May 1660 William Crump, for himself and wife by letter of attorney, and Humphrey Vaulx, acknowledged above.  I, Anne Crump, wife of William Crump, ordain you my attorney to acknowledge sale of land to Charles Woodington.  24 May 1660  signed: Anne (AC) Crump  Wit: Gerard Hawthorne, John (o) Vaughn.  I, Humphrey Vaulx, make well beloved friend Gerrard Hawthorne my attorney to acknowledge sale of land to my cousin Charles Woodington.  May 24, 1660. 
signed: Hum Vaulx.  Wit: John (O) Vaughn, William (WC) Crump
 [3]

All of these transactions took place over a period of several years, but it is evident that at least by 1660 (and probably before) William was married to an Anne.  Her surname is unknown.  

Crump was clearly related to several of the individuals mentioned in the reassignment of his first patent:

May 6, 1659. I, Elizabeth Vaulx, att. of Robert Vaulx, etc. P/A to Robert Bourne & likewise I appoint my friend and kinsman Mr. Willm. Crump for management of several matters of Robert Vaulx, and also I appoint Thomas Ballard an assistant to Wm. Crump  [4]

William was a kinsman of Elizabeth (Burwell) Vaulx, wife of Robert Vaulx and sister of Lewis Burwell.  He, therefore, was a relative of Charles Woodington and Lewis Burwell either by blood or marriage.  The documents do not indicate the exact nature of the relationship between William and Elizabeth, but both the Burwell and Vaulx families lived in Bedfordshire, England.  Therefore it is likely, but not certain, the William originated from there.  

A deposition recorded in 1659 reveals his age:

Aug. 24, 1659.  Deposition of William Crump, age 27, says that about Oct. last, upon arrival of the "Elizabeth", deponent fetched a boat from Mr. Harris's landing by Mr. Vaulx's order, which boat he understood to be Mr. Wheeler's, but found it about 1/3 full of water and were forced to rid it and carried it from there to Mr. Vaulx's landing, about 1/2 mile, and going up to the house we stayed half an hour, and coming again to the boat, we were forced to free it again, and from there we went aboard the "Elizabeth" where we could not make use of this by reason of her leaks, but were forced to free her coming: and when we came to Mr. Vaulx's landing there was water in her, and the servants bedding we brought were wet, which everybody agreed. 
Signed: William (W) Crump
 [5]

By 1660, William Crump had established his own household and acquired indentured servants: 

Mar. 27, 1660.  At a Quarter Court held at James City:  William Ridgeway, servant to Mr. William Crump, is adjudged to be age 14.  Court adjudged Thomas Davis, servant to William Crump to be age 9  [6]

He was still living in York County and serving as an attorney for Robert Vaulx:

Sept. 1660.  There is at plantation of Mr. Robert Vaulx, a brown mare.  If any may claim her, they may find her there.  This was set at Sept. Court and Nov. Court 1660 per Wm. Crump  [7]

Sept. 10, 1661.  At an Orphans court for York County, 10 Sept. 1661:  In difference between Daniel Smith and William Crumpe, attorney of Mr. Robert Vaulx, it is ordered that said Daniel be paid his freedom corn (freedom cloths being already paid) and his Inkhorne, books, writings and other things he brought into the country be delivered to him  [8]

At a court held for York County, 31 October 1661:  In action being entered by William Crumpe, attorney of Mr. Robert Vaulx, agst William Gantlett, and he being returned non inventus, it is ordered an attachment issue agst Gentlett's estate for 430 lbs. tob. and 231 lbs by account to a total of 601 lbs  [9]

The name William Crump appears in several patents in the 1600s as a headright, but there is no clear evidence that the person referred to was William of York.  He may have been William of Lancaster.

Crump may have traveled to England to conduct business for Mr. Vaulx, but in 1665 he patented a large tract of land in New Kent County:

Nov. 9, 1665.  Patent of Mr. Wm. Crump, Charles Edmonds & Robert Whitehaire for 2700 acres in New Kent Co.  On south side & in the freshes of Yorke River above Mohixenn, beg at upper bounds of land taken up by Mr. George Smith, up the river &c. being bounded by the river & marked trees on all sides.  Trans. of 54 persons. [10]

It is not clear just where he and his family resided at this time.   This patent was a considerable distance from York County.

William Crump’s close association with Charles Edmunds continued:

Aug. 22, 1667. Inventory of estate of Mr. Mathew Huberd, decd.......  Debts due to estate in tobacco from:................William Crump............Charles Edmunds.......[11]

April 21, 1669
.
  William Crump was on the jury for an escheator's inquisition for three cases. [12]

Oct. 3, 1670.  William Crump was on the jury of an escheator's inquisition for three cases  [13]

In granting William Crump a power of attorney 1671, Charles Edmonds described him as of New Kent County.  Some time between 1665 and 1671, it seems that Crump moved to his property there.  He may no longer have been employed by the Vaulx family:

April 24, 1671.  Charles Edmonds of New Kent Co. appoints loving friend Mr. William Crump of same his attorney to appear at next York court and implead to Mr. Robert Whitehaire and Mr. John Bowler. 
wit: David Newell, John Baskervyle.  Signed: Charles (CE) Edmonds
 [14]

Sept. 11, 1671.  At a Court Held for York County, Sept. 11, 1671:  With joint consent of Mr James Vaulx, pltf., and Mr. William Crump, deft., Capt. Phillip Chesley and Mr. Richard Clarke are to examine and settle all accounts between them on 15 Oct. next.  [15]  

Ten years later, William patented more land in New Kent.  

Sept. 28, 1681.  Patent to Mr. William Crump, 1015 acres in New Kent, south side of York R.  Bounded by: Mill Rd. & near Stephen Crump's fence, Westover path, Mr. Jones & Jonathan Higly, William Moss, Col George Lydall, Black Creek, Mr. Nappier's land, Stephen Crump.  933 acres "formerly granted to Mr. George Morris by patent issued July 19, 1663" and by the sd George Morris conveyed to the sd. William Crump by deed........
ackn. Nov. 10, 1669 and the other 82 acres .....for the transportation of ______ persons.
 [16]

William and Ann were probably the parents of this Stephen Crump, born before 1660.  Stephen’s land may have been the property of William Crump and was either sold or given to him. In order to be occupying the land independently, Stephen was most likely about 21 years old or older. Joan McNair’s study of the plats in this area confirms the location of these tracts of land on or very near Black Creek. There are no other Crumps in the York/New Kent area at this time and it is assumed that Stephen was a son of William. 

William had apparently sold most of his share of the 2700 acre Crump, Edmonds, Whitehaire grant in 1668, but the deed books of New Kent have been destroyed:

April 20, 1687.  Mr. Robert Harmon, 1220 acs., New Kent Co., on S. side & in the freshes of York Riv., p. 552.  Bef at the mouth of Honywood’s Sw; opposite Pampatick Cr., a br. dividing this & land of Maj. Joseph Crosshow (Croshaw), now Blackwell’s; in sight of John Gunton’s plantation & c.  843 acs purchased from William Crump, 30 June 1668; 383 being surplus: trans. Of 8 pers;………..  [17]  

This land may have been located in what would later become Hanover County.

Whitehaire lost his portion of the grant for failure to seat it or did not have any heirs.  At any rate, John Chiles purchased one part:

1691.     Mr. John Chiles, 900 acs., New Kent Co.; S. side & in the freshes of York Riv., above Mehixon, 28 Apr. 1691, p.163.  Part of 2700acs. Granted Mr. William Crump, Mr. Charles Edmonds & Mr. Robert Whitehair, 3 Nov. 1688 & in division fell to sd. Whitehair from whom it escheated by inquisition under Mr. William Leigh, Depty, Esch’t & is now granted &c. [18] 

A June 3, 1691 deposition in York County was given by 25 year old Richard Crump: 

Jan. 3, 1691.  The deposition of Richard Crump planter aged 25 years.  Whereas there is a dispute _______? Between George Browne & William Dickonson both of York County concerning a dividend of land sold by the sd. Dickonson to G. T. Browne this is to certify all whom hath _____ shall come, that the sd Dickonson did in my presence Bargained with the sd. Browne for the sum of twenty seven pounds and afterward ye sd Dickonoson delivered to ye sd. Browne ye said lease between him and John Hill formerly the sd. Dickonsons Tennant, but ye sd. Browne not liking o ye sd lease told ye sd. Dickonson (that?) he would not have anything to do with the  sd. Land by reason of ye sd Hill by the said  lease before leasing was to have it three years of rent free of ye sd. 6 years upon which ye said Dickonson did _________ before me, to ye sd. George Brown that if ye sd. Hill his rent would not pay ye full six years rent he the sd. Willm Diconoson would fulfill the rest and further ye said Dickonson did tell sd. Browne that he ahd ye libery to put another Tennant _____ on with ye sd. Hill all which ye said Richd. Crump shall be and  am____ swear. 
Signed: Rich  RC Crump.  Jan. 3, 1691.  Thus sworn in open court by ye said Richd. Cromp Teste J. Sedowick (?) DCC  
[19]

Dec. 21, 1691.  To Capt. Henry Hartwell, Mr. Mitchell Sherman, Dapt. Dicke or any two of them.  Mary Phillipes, age 22 years or thereabouts, deposeth that this deponent being a servant to George Browne about two months since or thereabouts Browne had several beasts which used his corne field and as he lay in bed having an account given him thereof he ordered one Richard Crump, then a dweller in said Browne’s house, to shoot the maire and ordered him to take the gun and doe itt, and he would bear him harmlesse.  Crump, in pursuances to Browne’s order did goe with the gun and in his company went out with Geo. Browne’s wife and their servant boy named Willm Price.  The next day the servant boy told this deponent sayth that Richard Crump the day before my present master Mr. Chidley tooke me from Browne bid me remember that Geo. Browne promised to bear him harmelesse touching the shooting of the maire. 
Mary (x) Phillips.  Sworn 19  10ber before Henry Dicke and Michall Sherman.
[20] 

This Richard was living with George Brown, but not as a servant.  Perhaps he was simply preparing to purchase his own land or had married a relative of Brown.   He is assumed to be a son of William and Ann, born 1666.  After 1691, Crumps do not appear in the records of York County.

Strong circumstantial evidence indicates that about 1668 or before, William and Ann were the parents of William Crump. This William was listed as a processioner by the Vestry of St. Peter’s Parish in 1689.  This may be William, the founder, or his probable son William. The birth date of the son is an estimate.  A William Crump was the father of children from 1692-1715 and was also on the New Kent 1702 militia list. The militia list was unlikely to contain the name of a man who in 1702 would have been about 70 years old. In addition, in 1718, he re-patented some of the land acquired by William Crump in 1681.

The last mention of William Crump in the governmental records of York or New Kent Co. was in 1694.  This could be a reference to the immigrant William or to his son William:

April 20, 1694.  William Moss 231 acs. New Kent co., p.360.  Adj. land, now or late of John Tandy; lands of Robert Jarrett; William Cromp; & Richard Barnes.  Imp of 5 persons…… [21]

The date of William’s death is not known.  Likewise, Ann’s demise was not recorded anywhere. None of the patents or court records used the expression Sr. or Jr.  It is quite difficult to distinguish the various Williams in the records of the late 1600s and early 1700s in York & New Kent.  The founder, William Crump and his wife Ann, simply disappear.  He would have been 68 years old in 1700. 

The records above suggest that William and Anne were the parents of Stephen, William, and Richard Crump.  They may also have been the parents of Thomas Crump whose death is recorded in the Register of St. Peter’s Parish, New Kent and James City Counties, on March 1, 1726/7.  There may have been others, but the record in New Kent is too fragmentary to be sure.  

 

Bibliography

Duvall, Rev. Lindsay O., Virginia Colonial Abstracts Series 2, Vol. 5 Wills, Deeds, Orders of York County, Virginia 1657-1659 (Easley, South Carolina, Southern Historical Press, 1983)
Guthrie, Wayne, “The Crumps of Early Virginia”, unpublished manuscript
Nugent, Nell Marion, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants, Volume One: 1623-1666.  (Richmond, Va., Virginia State Library, 1992)
Nugent, Nell Marion, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants, Vol. II: 1666-1695 (Richmond, Va., Virginia State Library, 1977)
Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1659-1662. (Richmond, Virginia, Benj. B. Weisiger, 1989)
Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1665-1672. (Richmond, Virginia, Benj. B. Weisiger, 1987)
Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1672-1676 (Athens, Georgia, Iberian Publishing Co., 1995)

York County
, Virginia
Deeds, Wills & Orders #9 (1691-1694) Part 1, FHC Reel #34405



[1]  Nugent, Nell Marion,  Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants, Volume One: 1623-1666, p. 184
[2]  Nugent, Nell Marion,  Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants, Volume One: 1623-1666, p. 336
[3]  Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1659-1662, p. 31-32
[4]  Duvall, Rev. Lindsay O., Virginia Colonial Abstracts Series 2, Vol. 5 Wills, Deeds, Orders of York County, Virginia 1657-1659, p. 75
[5]  Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1659-1662, p. 5
[6]  Ibid, p. 28
[7]  Ibid, p. 50
[8]  Ibid, p. 95
[9]  Ibid, p. 99
[10]  Nugent, Nell Marion,  Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants, Volume One: 1623-1666, p. 336
[11]  Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1665-1672, p. 196
[12]  Guthrie, W. “The Crumps of Early Virginia”, Unpublished Manuscript p. 12
[13]  Ibid., p. 12
[14]  Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1665-1672, p. 204
[15]  Weisiger, Benjamin B.  York County, Virginia Records 1665-1672, p. 209
[16]  Nugent, Nell Marion, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants, Volume One: 1623-1666, p. 223
[17]  Nugent, Nell Marion, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Abstracts of Virginia Patents and Grants, Vol. II: 1666-1695, p. 306
[18]  Ibid, p. 364
[19]  York County, Virginia Deeds, Wills & Orders #9 (1691-1694) Part 1, FHC Reel #34405, p. 30
[20]  Ibid, p. 85
[21]  Nugent, CP V2, 391

 


 

Stephen Crump and his Descendants
Ancestor of Minnie Chesterfieldia Crump Flythe

Strong circumstantial evidence indicates that William Crump of York was the founder of the New Kent Crumps.  DNA results point to one common Crump ancestor for the New Kent family groups. Unfortunately, the records of that county were destroyed long ago, but the hope here is that significant meaning can be extracted from what is still available.  Primary reliance is placed on The Vestry Book and Register of St. Peter’s Parish.  It is assumed that the Crumps were buying and selling land in the county in the late1600s and all through the 1700s, but no deeds survive.  Likewise, there are no wills, estate settlements, court orders or guardian papers extant for New Kent.

Considering the fact that the founder, William Crump’s birth date was 1632, he would have been fathering children about the late 1650s and the third generation of William’s descendants should have been born beginning in the late 1670s. It appears that William was the father of Stephen, William and Richard Crump.   There were probably other children including daughters, but nothing is known about them. This article will examine the life of one of his sons, Stephen Crump, and trace some of his descendants.

Stephen Crump was probably born before 1658 and was William’s oldest son.  At least he was the first one to appear in the record.  By 1681 according to William Crump’s patent description, Stephen was living in New Kent County on his own property adjacent to William’s land.  He probably married Elizabeth about that time.  Her surname is unknown, but she does appear in the Quit rent and processioning records of the early 1700s apparently as his widow. 

By 1688, Stephen was providing blacksmith service for the church in New Kent:

At a Vestry held at St. Peter’s upper Church on the behalfe of St. petters Parish this 3rd. day of November, 1688:
               ……….. To Stephen Crump for a stock lock & key for the Lower Church…0050
[22]

In 1692, Stephen Crump was again paid by the Vestry for carpentry work:

Dec, 20, 1692.  At a Vestry held At the house of Capt: John Lyddall on ye behalfe of St.: Peters Parish this 20th day of December 1692.
…………………to Steph: Crump for a pair of Duftailes…………………0040
[23]

A processioning order was recorded for 1689:

May 1689.  At a Vestry held at St. Peters Parish Church on ye behalfe of St. Peters parish this 4th day of May 1689.

………………….

The several persons names in Companys yt: were ordered to Possesion & Remark ye bounds of each mans Land  Viz:

Capt: Joseph ffoster  Mr: Jno: Roper Senr: Mr: wm: Bassett Junr: Mrs: Eliz Littlepage  Wm: Harman & Edmund Bedford)  Nich Cox  Jno: Parks Junr: Mrs.: pierce Mr: Conding) Mr: Poindexter senr:  Mr: Poindexter Junr:  Jno: Vaughan  Jno: *Epecen  Jno *Shurlock  ffran Day Will Hughes Robt: Speare)  Rich Joanes  Steph: Moon Wm: Beck  Edw: Wallten  Rich: Gillam
  Mrs: Butts Jno: Waddell)  Wm: Ross Mr: Allford Mr: Geo: Smith Wm: Major Hen: Green Mr: Lightfoot)  Mr: Macon  David Clarkston  Mrs: Warkman  Mr: Pasley  Wm: Millington  Mr: Clayton  Thom: Jackson  Wm: Stone Jno: Paine  Tho: Wilkins  Tho: Mackgehe  Step: Crump)

[11}

Mr. ffirth Pellom Moore Widdow Williams James Sanders Step: Mitchell Wm: Bourne  Will: Crump)  Robt: Chandler Wm: Moss Jno: Ossling Mr: Jarrett San: Weaver Jno: Howle)  Jno Howle Mr: Mitchell Senr:  Elex Stange Mr. Batt[ ]  Tho: Paddison ffran: Hill)  Hen: Strainge Rich Allen Hen: Marttin  Jno: Tandy  Wm Moss Wm Meanly)  …………

*Note: These names were hard to make out.  I may have read them wrong--- C.G.C.
[24]

Judging by the single parentheses distributed through the list, Stephen and William Crump appear in two different, but adjacent processioning groups.  They were probably brothers.  Both were registering the births of children in the late 1600s in the St. Peter’s register.

Stephen appears again as head of a road clearing crew near Black Creek:

St. Peters Parish Att a Vestry held at the upper Church the 14 June 1698

………………………… Stephen Crump aploying him selfe to this vestry for help to Cleer the Roades in his presents is ordered these tithables following viz Capt. Thomas Bray Steph Mitchell Step Mitchell Jur. Will fforgison will Bourne will Crump Pelham moore and his own family and that with the aforementioned help he Cleer to the new mill Damm upon the Black Creeke……………
.[25]

We know from the St. Peter's Parish Register that Stephen Crump soon died: 

1700.   Stephen Crump Dyed the 28 Sept and buried the 1st. Octo, 1700 [26]

He was approximately 44 years old at this time.

A little over a month later, the vestry ordered processioning of land including the area where Stephen Crump lived.  The text of that order follows:

Nov. 25, 1700.  William Clopton being appointed Surveior of the highways in the place and stead of Stephen Crump and aploying him Selfe to this vestry for help to doe the work is ordered these tithables following viz Capt. Thomas Bray Stephen michell stephen michell jr. Will forgison William Crump william Bourne Stephen Crump Richard Crump the widow Crumps tithables Pelham moore and John Waddell Jr. all which did formerly belong to Stephen Crumps precincts. [27]

The British government maintained lists of adult men who were members of the colonial militias.  Not all of these lists have survived, but the one for New Kent County is available:

July 4, 1702. – Militia List
New Kent Co.-  ………William Crump,………..Stephen Crump, George Crump
[28]

The list is particularly interesting because of the appearance of Stephen and George Crump.  This Stephen cannot be the son of William the immigrant, but must be in the third generation of Crumps in this area.  George Crump appears in subsequent entries in the St. Peter’s Parish Register, but his parentage cannot be clearly identified.  At any rate, all three Crump men must have been of age or close to it.

Then in 1704, the Quit Rent Rolls for New Kent County, VA were collected.  My source does not provide any specific dates for the compilation of this list.  It is probably not complete since “hiding” land from the authorities was quite common.  Crumps on the list are as follows:

Crump Stephen ………60
Crump William
……….330
Crump Richard
……….60
Crump Elizb
………….....80
Crump James
…………..150
Crump Robert
…………150 [29]

It appears that the widow Elizabeth Crump’s tithables were at least James and Robert Crump.  They both were listed as owning identically sized tracts of land.  Since they were missing from the 1700 processioning, it is very likely that they were sons of Stephen Crump who received their inheritance in the few years after 1700. 

The last group land record is an order relating to clearing the roads dated Nov.1, 1705:

Wm. Clopton one of ye surveyors of this County applying himselfe to this Vestry for help to clear ye roads in his precinct is ordered all tithables belonging to these persons following Viz.  Madd Sarah Bray Danl Park Esq Jno Askew Stephen Mitchell jr. Wm forgason Robert Crump James Crump Wm Boarne Wm Crump Jno Waddell Junr. Richd. Crump Steph Crump Chas Barker Tho Shroaby eliza Crump Widdow & Thomas Brigman [30]

Eliza Crump was a head of household in all three lists and must be the widow of the recently deceased Stephen.  

One of Stephen’s children was registered in the 1680s, but the mother’s name was not included.

168[ ].   Susannah daughter to Stephen Crump bapt: ye: 4:d: of Septemr 168[ ] [31]

Stephen’s other children were probably also born in the very late 1670s and 1680s.  The early presence of some Crump males as adults seems to indicate that they must be the children of a male born in the late 1650s or very early 1660s.  Therefore, they are probably the offspring of Stephen Crump and his wife, name unknown.  The death rate was very high at this time and Stephen may have been married before his marriage to Elizabeth.  

Elizabeth’s death is recorded in the St. Peter’s Register as happening on March 12, 1727.   She out-lived her husband by many years.

Children of Stephen and Elizabeth (mnu) Crump

I.  Robert Crump 3 (Stephen 2, William 1)

Robert was probably born about 1679 since he was a father in the late 1690s and was on the Quit Rent Rolls of 1704.  He was married twice, but the identity of his first wife is not known.  They apparently had one child. 

On Jan. 20, 1700/1 Robert married Martha Powell.[32] A search has been made for her parents, but nothing has been found to date.  Martha died on May 21, 1722.   The only other member of the Powell family in New Kent in the early 1700s was a Susanna Powell whose demise on April 20, 1718 was recorded in the Register of St. Peter’s Parish.  All that can be said about her is that she was probably a relative of Martha Powell Crump, but the nature of that connection, if any, is not known.

Robert probably lived in or near that portion of New Kent County that became Hanover County in 1721.  The records of Hanover were mostly destroyed, but an examination of the small portion of the earliest book does not reveal any Crump families.

Robert dropped from the few available records even earlier than Martha.  His death date is not known, but it was after 1711 when the baptism of his daughter Lucy occurred at St. Peter’s Church.  It is not assumed that the following list of his children is complete. 

Children of Robert Crump and unknown Wife

a. Susannah Crump 4 (Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

She was born some time before 169_. [33]  Again her exact birth date cannot be identified in my edition of the printed copy of the parish Register.  Her fate is unknown.

Children of Robert and Martha Powell  Crump
Ancestor of Minnie Chesterfieldia Crump Flythe

b. Joseph Crump 4 (Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

He was born on July 17, 1706. [34]  This son was the founder of a large family.  He moved to Northampton County, North Carolina and died there in 1759.  He came of age in 1727 and probably married soon after.  His wife was a Cassandra, but there is no documentary proof of her maiden name.  I suspect that she was Cassandra Moore, daughter of Pelham Moore, processioning neighbor of Robert Crump.  Cassandra Moore was baptized on April 14, 170[ ]. [35]

Joseph and Cassandra were the parents of Josias (b. 1734), Richard (b. 1736), Robert (b. 1738), Charles, Katy, Patty, and Joseph.  The births of several of these children were not recorded in the St. Peter’s Parish Register even though Joseph was still living in the area when some or all of them were born.

By 1731, Joseph was a head of household and was part of a road order issued by the Vestry:

Sept. 29, 1731.  Ordered that the tithables of Thomas Davis & Jos. Crump be added to the precinct of Mr. Ebenr Adams to clear ye roads  [36]

He was still living near Thomas Davis in 1735:

1735.  At a Vestry for St. Peter’s Parish Octor. 5, 1735

Order’d At the Petition of Martin Hewlet an Overseer of the High Road from the Church to Mr. Chamberlayn’s ferry, That he have Mr. Chamberlayne Tithables, John Tomson & his Prentice, John Jackson’s son, Peter Moon, John Crump at the Widow Jackson’s and his own Tithables


Richard Crump
, an overseer of an high Road, to have Thos. Davis and Joseph Crump added to his company  [37]

This Richard Crump could have been Joseph’s great uncle or the son of his great uncle also named Richard.  The cousin Richard was born in 1711 so most likely the Richard named as the overseer of a road in 1735 was the same Richard who first appeared in the records of York County in 1691.

Joseph and Cassandra were active members of the local established Church and did their part to help the poor or disabled:

1738.  At a Vestry held for St. Peters Parish October 2nd.: 1738
To
Joseph Crumps Accot; for maintaining Else Warren & her bastard child….400
 [38]

They did not continue to take care of Alice Warren:

Oct. 17, 1747.  Ordered  that the church Wardens Demand Alice Warrens child from Gideon Bettes if he is removing out of the colony & Binds the child to Jos. Crump  [39]

From this it appears that the Vestry was not aware in 1747 of any plans Joseph might have had to move elsewhere.

The last mention of Joseph was in 1748 when he was 46 years old.  Obviously, he moved to North Carolina after this:

1748.  At a vestry held for St. Peters Parish, Sept. 29th, 1748

To Wm. Bakers salary, to be paid Jos. Crump………………….…………1800
To Hannah Crump for an Orphan child…………………………………… 600

Order’d That the Ch. Wardins do Provide for the Orphan Child of Agnes Crump Deceas’d
 [40]

William Baker was the clergyman for St. Peter’s at this time, but it is a puzzle as to why his salary would be paid to Jos. Crump.  Crump was probably acting as an agent for the Vestry and transferred the payment to Baker.

Joseph must have purchased land in Northampton County, but no record of it survives.  He seems to have left some land to his son, Josias, and also to his wife, but his will does not mention specific tracts of land.  That is not too unusual, but it means that his land assets cannot be traced. 

Joseph’s will was written ten years after he last appeared in the Vestry book of St. Peter’s parish.  He would have been 52 when he wrote it and it was probated in the next year.   The complete text of the will is presented here: 

Will of Joseph Crump, Sr.
               The last will and testament of Joseph Crump, Sr.  1758

In the name of God amen:

I, Joseph Crump of the county of Northampton in the Province of North Carolina, being sick and weak of body but sound in mind and memory and not knowing how long it may please God to
continue me here on Earth have thought fit to constitute and appoint this my last will and testament in the manner and form following:

First and principally I bequeath my soul to God my almighty Creator who gave it hoping it may find redemption through the mercy of my blessed Lord and Savior Jesus Christ and my body to the earth to be decently buried at the discretion of my executors hereinafter named and as for worldly estate it has pleased God to bestow upon me I also dispose of in manner and form following.  Viz-----

Impremis:  I do hereby lend my loving wife Cassandra Crump all my estate both real and personal let it be in whatever place or condition so ever as long as my wife lives unmarried….

Item:  I give and bequeath to my son Josias Crump he having before his part of my estate one sow bigg with pigg this being all I intend for my son Josias….

Item:  I give to my son Richard Crump in Virginia one cow and calf this being all I intend for him….

Item:  I give and bequeath to Robert Crump one cow and calf  this being all I intend for him….

Item:  I give and bequeath to my daughter Patty Crump in Virginia five shillings virginia money this being all I intend for her….

Item:  I give and bequeath to my daughter Katy Crump one cow and calf this being all I intend for her….

Item:  Lastly my will and desire is that the remainder and residue of my estate after my wife’s decease or marriage I desire it may be equally divided between my sons Charles and Joseph Crump and my will is such that as long as my wife continues singly or unmarried that she shall not be obligated to pay any of these legacies but if she shall marry then and in such case I desire that my children take the whole of my estate and divide it as……….  And further my desire is that my estate be not appraised.  Lastly I do constitute and appoint my loving wife executrix and my son Charles Crump executor to this my last will making void all other and former wills by me made and this only to be spoken and held as my last will and testament in witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this fifth day of May in the year of our Lord One thousand seven hundred and fifty eight.  Signed and sealed in the presence of: Wm Hall, Clement Lanier.

Signed:                Joseph   (his mark) Crump
Probate: Oct. Court 1759  
[41]

It is obvious from this will that some of Joseph’s children stayed in New Kent County, Virginia.  Richard and Patty are referred to as living in Virginia.  Records in New Kent indicate Robert Crump’s residence there on Black Creek.  Josias, Charles and Joseph were living in Northampton at the time of their father’s will.  Charles was appointed to be one of the executors of Joseph’s will.  The implication of that is that Charles was of age in 1758 and was born about 1737 or before.  The daughter Katy (Catherine) may have been in Virginia or North Carolina.  We cannot know from the will. 

The date of Cassandra’s demise is not known. 

c.    Lucy Crump 4 (Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

She was baptized on Mar. 25, 1711, and is said to have married George Edmund Taylor about 1732.  I have not verified this, and she is untraced further.  

Children of Joseph and Cassandra (Moore?) Crump
Ancestors of Minnie Chesterfieldia Crump Flythe

b.-1.    Josias Crump 5 (Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

This son was born on June 24, 1734 according to the Register of St. Peter’s Parish.  He was baptized on July 21 of that year.   The next time his name appeared in any record was in his father’s will. 

He married at least twice.  His first wife was Sarah Vaughn, daughter of Vinson Vaughan and Frances Waddell, both from New Kent County.  This Vinson Vaughn, brother of Sarah Crump, was a resident of Northampton Co., North Carolina

Dec. 10, 1764.  Will of Vinson Vaughn.  To Vinson Vaughn son of John Vaughn the land and plantation whereon I live and 2 negroes... To William Vaughn, Martha Vaughn, and Susannah Vaughn son and daughters of John Vaughn 1 negro each... to James Dancy for the good will I bear him 40 pounds proclamation money... to my cousin William Vaughn all my wearing appearal... my land at the Cross Roads and all the rest of my estate to be sold and money, after just debts are paid, to go to my sisters Margaret Hazelwood and Sarah Crump.  Exetrs.: John Vaughn & James Dancy Wit: William Malone, Robert Malone  X his mark,  Matthew Brewer  X his mark

Prob. May Court 1765
  [42]

They were both children of Vinson Vaughn who wrote his will in Northampton County in 1749:

June 29, 1749.  Will of Vinson Vaughn.  Sons: Vinson (350 acres of land and three negroes), Joshua (one negro), Noel Hutchens (one negro).  Daughters Margaret Breathen, Sarah Vaughan, Naomy Vaughan (one negro ot each).  Execs: John Breathen and Franses Vaughan.  Wit: Richard Brown, John Breeding, John Brown.

Prob. August Court, 1749
  [43]

Vinson made his wife Frances an executrix of his will.  The other executor may have been his son-in-law.

Obviously Sarah was not married in 1749.  She had probably migrated with the Vaughns from New Kent about the same time Joseph Crump also moved from New Kent to Northampton.   Vinson’s widow Frances later married William Johnson and benefited from this Northampton County deed by her brother:

12 Mar. 1761.  Noel Waddell of New Kent co., Va to his sister Frances Johnson & children Naomi Jones, Henry Clader & Noel Hutchins Clader.  .  Deed of gift.  Negro girl Sal, now in the possession of William Johnson of Northampton Co. to the sd children: slaves Patt & her child Judith, now in the possess ion of William Johnson of Northampton co. Frances Johnson the mother of the sd children to have the use of them during her lifetime.  Noel Waddell. 
Wit: Jno. Waddell Jr., Wm Irby, Hanah (x) Waddell.
  May Ct. 1761
[44]

A Vinson Vaughn was a contractor for St. Peter’s Church in 1701 and Mr. Wm Waddell provided the same service in1709. Noel son of Mr. William Waddell was born in St. Peter’s Parish, New Kent County on June 1, 1709.    His sister, Frances, was born on May 2, 1706 also in New Kent County, Virginia. Further research may provide more information about the Vaughns and Waddells.

Josias’ oldest son Richard was born on July 16, 1761.  I have never seen the Bible that this date comes from, but have tried to trace it without luck.  For that reason skepticism about the date is reasonable although a date that specific usually indicates some sort of documented source.  If accurate, this would indicate that Sarah probably married Josiah Crump in the late 1750s when he was in his late twenties. Josias’ brothers Richard and Robert were living in New Kent County at this time.  His brother Charles died before early 1763 leaving a small estate.  No wife is mentioned in the scanty record available. All of these factors point to Josias Crump as the husband of Sarah Vaughn.

Josias and Sarah were the parents of Richard (b. 1761), Sarah (ca.1766), Martha (ca. 1768), Charles (ca. 1770), James E. (ca. 1775), Penelope (ca. 1775).  They were all born in Northampton County, North Carolina.

Josias probably inherited some land from his father, but that cannot be proven at this time.  He did purchase an additional tract in 1769:

April 17, 1769. Thomas Gatewood of Halifax Co. sells to Josias Crump, Carpenter of Northampton Co. 150 acres adjoining Berrryby Melton and Maunders Smith for 70 pounds.
Wit: George Ragland, Alexander Macharge,
  Andw. Miller.  
Signed: Thomas Gatewood,
  Rec.: June Ct., 1769
 [45]

Josias would continue to increase his wealth and was also active in local governmental affairs.  During the Revolution, he was Commissioner for the county of Northampton:

May 1, 1781.
     "I see you require of Mr. Vass a list of Staff Officers, etc.  I hereby communicate the same in Halifax district

                -----------
      Josiah Crump, Commissioner Northampton 6 miles above Halifax Town"
[46]

The next year he was mentioned again:

March 12, 1782.  An estimate of contracts made for the transportation of Stores, which Sums, at least, are now respectively due the Several Persons hereafter mentioned, Vizt.:

Due Josiah Crump, for use of his boat employed at sundry times to transport stores, etc.                                100 pounds specie
 [47]

Josias was never a soldier during the War, but his service clearly supported the efforts of the military in the struggle for independence.

The North Carolina State Census of 1786 included Josias in Northampton County.  At that time twenty eight slaves lived in his household along with four white males and four white females.

Land purchases continued:

May 18, 1787.  Governor's Grant of 66 & 1/2 acres to Josias Crump, Esq. adjacent to John Melton, Robert Ellis, David Short and -------- Glover.  [48]

On the 1790 Federal Census, Josias was listed as having 32 slaves in his household. 

Two 1792 deeds provide proof of the residence of Robert Crump the brother of Josias Crump:

Feb. 23, 1792.  Allen Jones and wife Mary sell to Robert Crump & Josias Crump for 800 pounds, Wheeler's Mill Plantation by estimation 730 acres where Jones formerly lived.

Wit.: John Lockhart, James Dugall                     Allen Jones
[49]

Dec. 6, 1792
.
  Robert Crump of New Kent Co., Va. sells to Josias Crump his one half interest in Wheeler's tract which they had jointly purchased.

Wit.: John Lockhart, Robert Crump, Charles Crump      
Signed:
  Robert Crump
 [50]

The Robert Crump and Charles Crump who witnessed this deed were probably young sons or nephews of Josias.  It would have been very improper for the seller of the interest to also have witnessed his own deed.   And Josias brother Charles had died many years before this.

More acreage was purchased in 1794:

Sept. 23, 1794.  Richard Dobbs Spaight (Gov. Grant) sells to Josias Crump for 10 pounds for every 100 acres hereby granted, a tract of land containing 242 acres.  Bounded by John Harvey and Gilmore on the south side of Roanoke River in Much Island, Halifax Co.

1795 was a year in which the court of Northampton revealed more information about Josias’ wives.  According to information sent to me by Rev. Norman J. Flythe, a professional genealogist, a series of documents makes it possible to partially identify the second wife of Josias.[51] 

1795.  Martha Williams Gains and husband William Gains sued Josiah and Sarah Crump for a legacy.  "Sarah said that Martha was about 2 years old when her father Joshua Williams died and he left Martha a negro girl about 3 years old and the negro girl was about 15 when Martha married.  That Sarah and her second husband James Josey had educated and supported Martha and when she married because of Parently affection gave her household goods and stock."  [52]

The Sarah referred to above was eventually married to Josias Crump.  Her maiden name is not evident from these documents, but it seems obvious that she was not the mother of Josias’ children:

Jan. 20, 1795.  Washington County, Georgia (on file in Northampton Co., N.C.)

State of Georgia, Washington Co.  Personally appeared before us two of the Justices of the Peace appointed for the county aforesaid Elizabeth Young and being duly sworn on the Holy Evangelist of Almighty God agreeable to the inclosed didimus Deposeth and saith on the suit depending wherein John Josey is Plaintiff and Josias Crump Defendant the deponent saith on her oath that she was present in the room with Sarah Josey and the above named Crump on the day the said Sarah Josey and said Crump was married but previous to the marriage and she this deponent heard Sarah Josey say that she had given her property to her children this expression was made in the presents of said Crump and that said Crump made no objection to what was said in the premises.  Sworn before us this 20th day of January 1795. 
Wit: John Watts, John Sheppard
  
Signed:
    Sarah
[53] (her X mark) Young  [54] 

It seems that Josias was attempting to take possession of property given by Sarah Josey to her children.  

Jan. 20, 1795.  Martha Gainer being likewise sworn on the above suit deposeth and saith that she knows nothing about the above suit only that she this deponent heard her mother say that a certain negro girl named Jinney which her stepfather Jas. Josey bought of John Allen was given to John Josey by his father and this deponent further saith that she heard her mother say previous to her marriage with the above named Crump that she had gave what she had to her children sworn before us this 20th day of January 1795.
Wit.: John Watts,  John Sheppard JP   
Signed:
 Martha (her X mark)  Gainor  [55]

Joshua Williams, first husband of Sarah, died in 1761 in Halifax County, North Carolina leaving a will:

Will of Joshua Williams’.  Eldest son, Thomas.  Daughter Temperance, daughter Sarah, son Elisha, daughter Martha, Delia Dickson (no relationship given).  Wife: Sarah  Wit: Drew Smith, Henry Daffin, John Webb [56]

The daughter, Martha, married William Gaines in 1773 or thereabouts.  At that time, Sarah was still married to James Josey. Sometime before 1795, James Josey died, and Sarah married Josias Crump.  Since Josias children seem to have been born during the 1760s and 1770s, it is unlikely that this second wife was the mother of the children.

Josiah died in 1812, but apparently his wife Sarah had predeceased him.

Will of Josias Crump

In the name of God amen.  I Josias Crump of the county of Northampton and state of North Carolina do declare the following to be my last will and testament  Viz.

Impremis:  I give and bequeath unto my son Richard Crump all the land whereon I now live, lying below the following line Viz. Beginning at the main run of  Wheeler’s Mill Swamp where a deep bottom empties into the said swamp which deep bottom commences where the Mill path crosses the road leading from this to Northampton Court House, then a straight line to a corner gum in my own line then a continuance of the same course until it intersects Harmon Branch’s line including the mill and appurtenances thereunto belonging  also a tract of land lying in Greensville County, Virginia which said Richard now has in his possession on which he formerly lived also the tract of land purchased of Turner Bynum; the aforementioned tracts of land I give unto my said son Richard he heirs and assigns forever.  I also give and bequeath unto my son Richard the following negro slaves Vizt.; Solomon, George, Venus, Alfred, Cherry, Elsa, Frank, Ben, Peter, Jacob, Isaac, Nancy Sr., Winney and her children (which said Winney he has had some time in possession) and Aggy together with all their future increase to him and his heirs and assigns forever.

Item:  I give and bequeath to my daughter Sarah Whitehead annually during her life seventy five dollars which my said son Richard is to pay and lay out in such manner as he thinks most proper, and thereby charge the legacies I have given to said Richard with the aforesaid legacy to my daughter Sarah.

Item:  I give and bequeath unto my daughter Martha Mason the following negro slaves Vizt: Bob, Lucy, Sr., Sylvy, Nancy Jr., Phoebe, Dick a son of Lucy, Ted and Amy and her children (which Ted and Amy and her children she has had some time in her possession) together with all their future increase and also the sum of one thousand dollars to her and her heirs and assigns forever.

Item: I give and bequeath to my son Charles Crump the tract of land whereon he now lives, the tract of land adjoining which I purchased of Thomas Barrett and my tract of land lying in Much Island; the aforesaid tracts of land to him and his heirs and assigns forever---- Also I give and bequeath unto my said son Charles the following negro slaves  Vizt.: Nat which Nat he has had sometime in his possession, Stephen, London, Nina and child, Henry, Nan, Pris, Tom and Chary and their future increase also one thousand five hundred dollars to him and his heirs forever----

Item:  I give and bequeath unto my son James Crump all my land above the line as laid down in the devise made my son Richard Crump including the land I bought of John Woodard, Jr. and a part of the land I purchased of Gen. Allen Jones and bounded by the lines of Norman Branch and others.  Also a tract of land on Kirby Creek on which the said James formerly lived the
aforesaid tracts of land to him and his heirs and assigns forever.  I also give and bequeath unto my said son James the following negro slaves Vizt:  Francis, Patty, Jr. and her children (Vizt. Henry, Jacob, and Matthew) , Peter which Peter he has now in his possession, Sarah, Fay and her children (Vizt: Levi, Winnie and Easter), Lucy Jr. and ---- and their future increase also one thousand five hundred dollars --- and assigns forever.

Item: I give and bequeath to my daughter Penelope Edmunds the following negros slaves Vizt: Crecy, Sarah and their children which she now has in possession or are in the possession of her husband William Edmunds, Jim (Exum) Davy, will, Pitt, Lewis, Allen, Jesse, John, Patty Sr. and Dice and their future increase to her and her heirs and assigns forever.

Item: I give and bequeath unto Mary Jones the widow of the late Willie Jones and her children, Maria Ann Littlejohn, wife of Joseph B. Littlejohn, Patsy Burke Jones, and Sally Welch Jones one hundred pounds Va. Money to be equally divided between them and their heirs forever.

Item:  After paying all my just debts and all such legacies as are before mentioned in this will, it is my will and desire that my son Richard Crump and Penelope Edmunds (my daughter) divide all the money that I may have on hand and all the debts due me share and share alike which money and debts be divided.  I give and bequeath to them and their heirs forever.

Item: I give and bequeath unto my daughter Sarah Whitehead two cows and calves to her and her heirs forever.

Item:  I give and bequeath all the rest and residue of my estate of what ever kind or nature soever to be equally divided between my children Richard Crump, Martha Mason, Charles Crump, James Crump and my daughter Penelope Edmunds to them and their heirs forever.

Item:  It is my will and desire that there be no sale made of any part of my estate in order to make a division among my children agreeable to this my will.

Lastly, I constitute and appoint my son Richard Crump and my friend James Exum executors of this my last will and testament.  In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand and affixed my seal this twenty first day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and twelve.

Signed, sealed and published In the presence of:  Daniel Mason, James Exum, Dorothy L.J. Mason
 [57]

Josias’ son, Charles, was the father of John James Crump, who married Elizabeth Ivey.  John and Elizabeth Crump had a daughter, Minnie Chesterfieldia Crump.  Minnie married Thomas Jefferson Flythe as his second wife in 1878 in Greensville County, Virginia.

b.-2.  Richard Crump 5 (Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1) 

There were several Richard Crumps in Virginia during the mid to late 1700s.  It is not known now which one was the son of Joseph.  So this son is untraced.

b.-3.  Robert Crump 5 (Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Robert was born on November 1, 1738 in New Kent County. [58]  Due to the destruction of so many New Kent records, we know relatively less about him than his brother in North Carolina.  He apparently lived his entire life in the county of his birth, and died there, leaving a family.

Robert was probably married about 1760 or a few years after.  His wife may have been an “Alice” as she appears in the Register or “Elisa” as appears in his will.  No marriage records are available.  His daughter Cassandra appeared in the NK Register thus:

1767. Kissandra Daugr of Robt and Alice Crump born Mar. 17  [59]

However, the Personal Property Tax list for New Kent for the year 1782 shows Robert Crump with one additional tithable, Christian Crump. This son was probably born early in the 1760s and is most likely Robert’s eldest child. 

Two years later, the birth of another child was recorded in the Register:

1769.  Catherine---Daughter of Robt & Alice Crump born March 31 [60]

The births of Robert’s other children were not recorded in the Register, but their identities have been uncovered from other sources.  Robert was the father of Robert, Elizabeth, Anderson, Thomas, Josiah and Richard in addition to Christian/Christopher, Cassandra and Catherine.   The fact that one of his younger sons was named Anderson hints at the mother’s surname.  However, there are no Alice , Elisa, or Elizabeth Andersons mentioned in the Vestry Book and Register.

Robert Crump may have lived near the Chickahominy River and bred horses.  At the very least, he sold one to a John Colgin:

May 17, 1776.  Stayed from the subscriber in Charles City county, the first of April, a likely bright bay horse about 6 years old, with a hanging mane and switch tail, both of which are black and inclining to curl, both his hind and one fore foot white and paces naturally.  I had him of mr. Robert Crump, at Mr. Charles Carter’s quarter on Chickahominy in which place he endeavored to get, but was prevented by the plantation being under a fence; he then kept up the road leading through Henrico County.  Whoever brings the said horse to me, or delivers him to mr. John Harwood, at the courthouse shall have 20s.  John Colgin  [61]

The Land Tax Lists of 1782 in addition to the Personal Property Tax Lists show a Robert Crump who owned 225 acres and seven slaves.  He was consistently listed as owning land and slaves in the Black Creek District, the westernmost division of New Kent.  He also appeared in the personal property tax list from 1782 to 1791 with the exception of 1786.  Tax lists later than 1791 have not been examined.

Crump may have owned some land close to St. Peter’s Church or this may refer to Robert Crump, Jr.:.

Feb. 8, 1783. Robert Crump near the Long Bridge in New Kent County advertises a horse taken up. [62]

In 1792, the deeds of Northampton County, North Carolina identifed Robert Crump as living in New Kent County.  He was selling a portion of land to his brother, Josias.  The Robert Crump who witnessed the deed was probably Robert Crump, son of Robert Crump of New Kent, and the Charles Crump was probably my ancestor, a proven son of Josias.

Dec. 6, 1792.  Robert Crump of New Kent Co., Va. sells to Josias Crump his one half interest in Wheeler's tract which they had jointly purchased.  Wit.: John Lockhart, Robert Crump, Charles Crump.  Signed: Robert Crump  [63]

Robert was mentioned with several of his neighbors in documents prepared many years after the demise of Nathaniel Wilkinson:

1794.  Land in New Kent County adjoining those of John Hilton, Robert Crump, & Beverly Frazier, on the waters of Black Creek, 144 acres, being that portion of the late Nathaniel Wilkinson’s estate which was allotted by the Commissioners appoint to divide his estate, to his daughter Sarah Ann (Wilkinson), at present the wf of Henry Kunsman.

(endorsed) Find no land delinquent in New Kent in the names of Sarah Ann Wilkinson or Kunsman or Henry Kunsman.  Nathaniel Wilkinson is charged with land tax for the year 1794 but the number of acres not specified.  The tax and damages for the year 1794 amd: to $4.37.  J. Heath  Aud: Office, 11 Jany 1832
 [64]

Robert Crump wrote his will late in 1801.  From the wording of the will, it seems obvious that he owned more than 255 acres.  He provided each of his sons with land in order for them to establish their own households.  Robert did not forget his daughters either.

Will of Robert Crump

In the Name of God Amen.  I, Robert Crump of New Kent County, being of sound and disposing mind, do make and ordain this my last will and testament, revoking all other wills made by me, do recommend my immortal spirit to the Great Jehovah, humbling hoping and trusting in the merits of my dear Redeamer for pardon and remission of all my sins.  My body I desire to be decently buried in a Christian manner at the direction of my Ex’ors, and as for what worldly goods it has pleased God to bless me with, I do give and dispose of in the following manner, to-wit:

My will and desire is that all y slaves which I have advanced to my children be first brought in with the general stock with the rest of my slaves before any division takes place.

I leave unto my loving wife Elisa Crump all my estate of every kind during her natural life or widowhood and at her death or second marriage I dispose of all my ________ in the following manner, to-wit:

I lend unto my son Christian Crump during his natural life and the life of his wife, that tract of land whereon he now lives, to be laid off from the upper end _______ to make two hundred and fifty acres, including his buildings.  Also I lend my said son and wife during their natural lives one-eighth part of all my slaves.  But if my said son should have a lawful heir or heirs, then in that case I give and bequeath the above mentioned property to him and his heirs forever, but should he have no such heir or heirs, then my will is that the said estate at the death of my said son and wife may be equally divided among the rest of my children and their heirs forever.

I lend to my sons Josiah Crump and Anderson Crump, in trust for the whole and sole benefit of my daughter, Rosandia Terrell during her natural life one-eighth part of all my slaves, and at her death my will and desire is that they may be equally divided between all my said daughter’s children to them and their heirs forever.

I lend to my sons Josiah and Anderson Crump in trust for the whole and sole benefit of my daughter Catherine Garnett during her natural life one-eighth part of all my slaves, and at her death my will and desire is that they may be equally divide between all my said daughter’s children, to them and their heirs forever.

I give unto my daughter Elizabeth Crump, one-eighth part of all my slaves to her and her heirs forever.

I give unto Christopher Crump the land and plantation whereon he now lives ________ up to Anderson Crump’s land, also my water grist mill and one-eighth part of all my slaves, to him and his heirs forever.

I give unto my grand daughter, Eliza Crump, daughter of my son, Robert Crump, dec’d one Hundred and Fifty pounds, to be paid her at the age of Twenty one years.  If she should not live to that age the gift is void.

I give unto my three sons, Josiah, Thomas and Richard Crump all my lands which is not disposed of, to be equally divided between them, also an eighth part of all my slaves, with the rest of my children; also all the remaining part of my estate of every description, to them and their heirs forever.  But at the same time they are to pay the legacy to my grand-daughter out of their parts, and other expenses which may be against my estate.

I do appoint my sons, Christopher, Josiah and Anderson  Crump my ex’rs to this my last will and testament.

In witness whereof I have ------ my hand and seal this 31st day of December, 1801.

Signed: Robert Crump


At a Court held for New Kent County the 9th day of October, 1805
.

The last will and testament of Robert Crump, dec’d was put into Court by Josiah Crump, one of the ex’ers herein named, and offered for probate ,___________ the same was contested by some of the relatives of the said Crump, James (?) Garnett and others – and upon the examination of sundry witnesses and argument of counsel, this Court unanimously submitted the same to record as the testament and last will of Robert Crump, dec’d  It appears to their satisfaction, from the oaths of Robert Christian, William Savage, James _. Christian and others, that the said will and together with the name of Ro. Crump thereto subscribed, is in the whole and entire handwriting of the said Crump, and probate is granted the said Josiah Crump, the ex’er above named, who thereupon made oath and entered into bond with security in the penalty of Fifty Thousand Dollars

Teste.  W. B. Clayton, C. C. Copy Teste, J. D. Christian, Clk.
[65]

It seems that by 1801 all of his sons were of age perhaps with the exception of Thomas and Richard.   At any rate, he died before October of 1805.

Children of Robert Crump and unknown Wife

b.-3a. Christopher Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Christopher Crump was probably born about 1761, and was Robert’s oldest son.  He lived his entire life in New Kent County and died there about 1816.  He probably married a Mitchell.  His wife’s name is not known, but some of their children can be identified through the land tax lists.  He was listed there from 1809 through 1816 owning 305 acres.  Before 1809, he may have been living and farming on land owned by and taxed to his father. 

In 1817, Robert M., Fielding M. and Mitchell Crump were each listed in the land tax records as owning 110 acres.  The land was next to land owned by Anderson Crump, a brother of Christopher Crump.

Christopher may also have had a daughter, Mary Mitchell Crump.  The Crump Family Newsletter published a letter that seems to indicate this:

There has always been a close connection between Fielding Crump and my own gt gt grandmother, Mary Mitchell Crump Frayser.  Both Fielding M. Crump and Thomas Faryser went off to the War of 1812 together.  Both died in Feb. of 1844.  Fielding on Feb. 3 and Thomas on Feb. 29th.  Might have been an epidemic in the county.  Both widows went off to see the same lawyer in Richmond on the same day in regard to their bounty land claims.  Peachy’s children (widow of Fielding) signed the claim of Mary M. C. Frayser and Mary’s children signed the claim for Peachey.  Mary named her first child Christopher Crump Frayser, the next Robert and the next Richard. [66]

b.-3b. Robert Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Robert was probably born about 1763.  He was acting as an overseer for Burwell Bassett in 1783 and 1784.  In 1788, he was listed with or near his father on the Personal Property Tax lists for New Kent.  This continued until 1801 when the estate of Robert Crump, Jr. was listed.

Robert probably married in the 1780s.  He and his unknown wife had a daughter Elizabeth who was born after 1780.  Elizabeth was underage when her grandfather Robert wrote his will and mentioned her.  The fate of this daughter is unknown.

b.-3c.  Cassandra (Kisandra) Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Kisandra was born on Mar. 17, 1767 in New Kent.  This may be the Rosandia Terrell mentioned in Robert’s will who married a relative of her sister’s first husband.  If she is not, then this daughter cannot be otherwise traced.  

b.-3d.  Catherine Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Catherine was born on Mar. 31, 1769 and was married twice:

Richmond Terrell, oldest child of William and Mary (Rivers) Collier Terrell, was born about 1750.  He married Catherine Crump, daughter of Robert Crump of St. Peter’s Parish, New Kent County.  Richmond Terrell died in 1797 and the inventory of his estate in Charles City County was taken on 13 Sept. 1797.  By 1801 the estate records name Richmond Terrell’s widow, Catherine (Crump) Terrell, as presently the wife of James Garnett.  A chancery suit in Williamsburg of 1808, Gregory vs. Terrell’s administrators, names Catherine, wife of James Garnett, formerly wife of Richmond Terrell, daughter of Robert Crump of St. Peter’s Parish [67]

b.-3e.  Anderson Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Anderson was born about 1775 and was married to a Lucy, surname unknown. He died in 1852 leaving a will.  The will left legacies to William Crump and Lucy ________-Anderson and Lucy apparently never had any children.

b.-3f.   Josiah Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Josiah was born bef. 1774 and married a Parthenia, surname unknown.

b.-3g.  Richard Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Richard is untraced here.

b.-3h.  Thomas Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Likewise, Thomas is untraced here.

b.-3i.  Elizabeth Crump 6 (Robert 5, Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Elizabeth was probably born about 1765.  She married her cousin, Jesse Crump, about 1780, and they had six children.

Henry Crump: Soldier’s Declaration from City of Richmond, dated 5 August 1856. Henry Crump, aged 60, was a private in Company commanded by Capt. David Glass ….that he volunteered from New Kent County at Camp Bottom Bridge about 25 Sept. 1814.  John Clark and John Frayser residents of Hanover County signed Affadavits as to the identity of Henry Crump.

Robert Crump
died about 40 years ago (no date shown on Memo) in New Kent and left his property to his son, Anderson Crump and wife, as long as they both live. Henry is a grandson.  Elizabeth Crump was mother of Henry who was the wife of Jesse Crump.  Elizabeth Crump has had 6 children.  Henry Crump has married Elizabeth C. Rayland of New Kent. [68]  

1767.  Charles Crump 5 (Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

In 1758, Joseph Crump made his son, Charles, the executor of this will.  This implies that Charles was of age and therefore born in or before

1737.  His birth was not recorded in New Kent so we cannot be sure.  At any rate, Charles died as a young person.

Feb. 1763. Charles Crump. Admin. granted to Josiah Crump 100 pound bond. Security: William Hudson  [69]

He never married or had children. 

1768.   Catherine “Katy” Crump 5 (Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Nothing is known about this daughter.

1769.   Martha “Patty” Crump 5 (Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

No records survive that identify this daughter.  She is untraced.

1770.   Joseph Crump 5 (Joseph 4, Robert 3, Stephen 2, William 1)

Joseph was born about 1745 probably in New Kent County.  He died in Chatham County, North Carolina in late 1795 or early 1796.  His wife was a Martha (Patty).  She is said to have been a Johnson, but documentary proof is lacking.  Much of the research presented here was sent to me by Mrs. Neva Jones.  She did excellent research and was well aware of the importance of proper documentation in describing the history of a family.

As a young man, Joseph purchased his first tract of land in Orange County:

Oct. 13, 1768.  Jacob Lewens of County of Orange sells to Joseph Crump of County of Northampton for 110 pounds, land on the east side of North Branch of the Haw River, 320 acres. [70] 

Joseph and Patty were the parents of John, Nancy Jane, William, Polly, Sally and Patsey Crump.  Their birth dates are not known.

According to Siler, in 1778 the Chatham County Court appointed Joseph Crump a Captain in the militia.  Joseph received a North Carolina State Grant in 1780:

For the sum of fifty shillings paid to the state treasury a tract of 100 acres on North side of Haw River.  Signed: Gov. Richard Caswell. [71]

On Nov. 13, 1784, Joseph Crump purchased 335 acres of land in Chatham County for ten pounds from Joseph Johnson. [72]  The land was on the east side of the Haw River and was bounded by William Branton.  It is possible that Joseph Johnson was the father-in-law or brother-in-law of J. Joseph Crump.  More research might shed light on this.

About six months later, Joseph and Martha Crump sold 50 acres on the north side of the Haw River to William Branton.  The witnesses were Wm and ________ Clarke.[73]    Joseph sold more land to Wm Branton in May of 1796.  This time it was a tract of 270 acres for 150 pounds adjoining Darius Browder, William Barbee, J.S. Taylor, McNeal and Brantons own line.  The witnesses were John Crump and Darius Browder.[74]

Joseph acquired more land by state grant in 1796.  He paid 50 shillings for 100 acres on the east side of Haw River.[75]  This was just before Joseph died.  His will was probated on Aug. 15, 1796 in Chatham County, North Carolina:

In the name of God Amen.  I Joseph Crump being of perfect health and memory do now make my last will and testament first of all I recommend my Soul into the hands of Him who gave it trusting through His mercy to be received into mentions of eternal beliefs.

Item I give and bequeath unto my beloved wife Patsy Crump all the hole of my real and personal Estate to the only use of her during her life or widowhood and my negroes Richard and Sol I give her forever and at her death she may dispose of them as she at her own discretion  Then at her marriage or death the rest of my estate to be divided among my children hereinafter named.

Item.  I give to Son John Crump my tract of land lying at the foard of Haw River.

Item:  I give to my son William Crump the tract of land whereon I the J.Joseph Crump now live  The rest of my negroes and their increase with my hors Selum to be divided between my two sons John & William Crump to be equally divided by my Executors which I shall hereinafter name and if they cannot make an equal division the odds be made up to the other in cash.

Item I ordain that all my household furniture and Stock of every kind shall be equally divided between my four daughters hereinafter named Judith Sally Sely Patsy and Patsy Crump.

Item I also appoint my beloved wife Patsy Crump and my trusty friend _______ Brandon to act and to take the natural care of my before named children as tho I myself was present and as to the interment of my body I leave to the discretion of the above appointed Executors as written whereof I do hereunto set my hand and seal this tenth of November in the year of our Lord 1795.  signed: Joseph Crump (Seal).  Signed and read in the presents of Abel Olive X and J. Joseph Johnson X.


Chatham
County
August Fifteen 1796.  The execution of this will was duly proven in open court by the oath of Abel Olive and Joseph Johnson and on motion ordered to be recorded.  Test: John Ramsay CC  [76]

Martha Crump outlived her husband by several years and according to the 1815 census of landowners in the county, she owned 386 acres.  William Crump owned 150 acres and John Crump a total of 338 acres.

Martha wrote her will on July 2, 1835.  It was probated at the August Court of Chatham County.  It was as follows:

State of North Carolina, Chatham County. In the name of God, I Martha Crump of the county and state aforesaid of sound and perfect mind and memory, do make and publish this my last will and testament hereby revoking and making void all former will s by me made at any time heretofore made:  And first I direct that my body be _____ intered and that my funeral be conducted in a manner corresponding with my estate and situation in life; and as to such worldly estate as it has pleased God to intrust me with, I make the following disposition.  Viz:

First I desire that all my debts and funeral expenses be paid as soon after my decease as possible by my executor.

Secondly, I give and bequeath to my grandson Joseph Utley all that tract of land belonging to me lying on Deep River adjoining the lands of Solomon Brown and John Smith it being the same I
purchase of Col. John Farror (?) and conveyed from him to me by deed, a more particular description of which land is shown in said deed.  I also give him one rifle gun and feather bed and furniture.

Thirdly, I give and bequeath to my son John Crump and his heirs the sum of one dollar.

Fourthly, I give and bequeath to my son William Crump and his heirs the sum of one dollar.

Fifthly, I give and bequeath to my lawful heirs of my daughter Polly Brantley the sum of one dollar.

Sixthly, I give and bequeath to my lawful heirs of my daughter Sally Maddon the sum of one dollar.

Seventhly,  I give and bequeath to my grand daughter Judith Maddon (?) the sum of fifteen dollars.

Eighthly, All the remaining parts of my estate and affects generally devise may be sold and disposed of by my executors in the usual manner by law directed upon dead parsons estates and the proceeds to be divided in the following manner: Viz:

One fourth I give and bequeath to the heirs at law of Benton Drake who intermarried with my daughter Patsey, there being four of them of the following names _________? Silina I Drake lately intermarried with Abner _____________ Drake, Martha Drake, and Sally Benton Drake share and share alike in said fourth parts.  I also give an bequeath to my daughter Patsy intermarried as I am informed to one Bolling and her lawful heirs the sum of one dollar.  The remaining three fourths I give and bequeath to my three daughters Judith Bell wife of Jonathan Bell, Nancy Browder formerly the wife of Darius Browder and Frances Kavinel now a widow and resident of Kentucky to them and their lawful heirs share and share alike.

And lastly I do hereby make and ordain my friend Jonathan Haralson Executor of this my last will and testament.  In witness whereof I Martha Crump have to this will written on one sheet of paper, set my hand and seal this second day of July in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and thirty five (1835).   Signed:  Martha Crump

The word equally being erased by the said Martha Crump before signing; also the word Abner instead of Benjamin erased.

All of which was signed sealed published and declared by the above named Martha Crump as and for her last will and testament in the presence of us, who have subscribed our names as witnesses thereto in the presence of said testators and in the presence of each other.  L. McLenahan, A. B. Stith.
[77]

II.   James Crump 3 (Stephen 2, William 1)

James was born ca. 1683, or before, and died after 1729.  He married Venetia Bostick on July 14, 1709.  They were the parents of:  Mary (1711), Agnes (1713), Julius (1715), James (1721), Jesse (1724), Mildred (1729).

III.   Stephen Crump 3 (Stephen 2, William 1)

Stephen Crump must have been born by 1683 in order to be on the militia list of 1702, and fathering children in 1709.  He married an Ann, but her surname is not known. He may be the Stephen Crump who died in Cumberland County in 1769.  They were the parents of: Gutrich (1709), Ann (1718), Lucy (1723).

IV.   Susannah Crump 3 (Stephen 2, William 1)

(bef. 1689-aft. 1723) Susannah’s birth date is undecipherable in the Parish Register.  The most certain thing that can be said about it is that she was born before 1689.   She was the only Susannah old enough to have married in 1713.  On Sept. 7, 1713, she married Robert Cade, perhaps out of necessity, in New Kent.  They were the parents of: Agness (March 24, 1714-      ), Stephen (Sept. 17, 1715-      ), Elizabeth (April 29, 1717-    ), Susannah (Feb. 25, 1718/19-    ), John (Feb. 16, 1720/21-   ), Robert (Mar. 28, 1723-     ).

They are not traced further here.



[22]  Chamberlayne, C. G. The Vestry Book & Register of St Peter’s Parish New Kent and James City Counties, Virginia 1684-1786, p. 17
[23]  Ibid., p. 37
[24]  Ibid., p. 20
[25]  Ibid., p. 56
[26]  Ibid., p. 425
[27]  Ibid., p. 73
[28]  Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt, Va.’s Colonial Soldiers (Baltimore, Md. Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988)
[29]  Foley, Louise Pledge Heath, Early Virginia Families Along the James River…., Vol.1, p. 134
[30]  Chamberlayne, C. G. The Vestry Book & Register of St Peter’s Parish New Kent and James City Counties, Virginia 1684-1786, p. 111
[31]  Ibid., 345
[32]  Ibid., p. 411
[33]  Ibid., p. 346
[34]  Ibid., p. 346
[35]  Ibid., p. 373
[36]  Ibid.,
[37]  Ibid., p. 246
[38]  Ibid., p. 255
[39]  Ibid., p. 293
[40]  Ibid., p. 296
[41]  Photocopy, Secretary of State Papers, North Carolina Archives, Raleigh, NC
[42]  Hofman,  Margaret M., Northampton County, North Carolina 1759-1800 Genealogical Abstracts of Wills, (Bradley, p. 13) p. 21
[43]  Grimes, J. Bryan, Abstract of North Carolina Wills, Raleigh, 1910, p. 387
[44]  Bradley,  Stephen E. The Deeds of Northampton County North Carolina 1759-1774, p. 13
[45]  Northampton County Deed Book # 4, p. 250
[46]  State Records of NC
[47]  Ibid
[48]  Northampton County Deed Book #8, p. 247
[49]  Northampton Co. Deed Book, p. 158
[50]  Northampton Co. Deed Book # 10, p. 36
[51]  I do not have the source for these documents, but have complete faith in cousin Norman Flythe’s accuracy
[52]  Papers of Rev. Norman J. Flythe
[53]  I cannot account for the use of two different given names.  It may be a copy error.
[54]  Papers of Rev. Norman J. Flythe
[55]  Ibid.
[56]  A shorter version of this will can be found in An Abstract of North Carolina Wills by Fred A. Olds on page 148
[57]  Photocopy of  Will, Northampton County, N.C. Will Book 3, page 82
[58]  Chamberlayne, C. G. The Vestry Book & Register of St Peter’s Parish New Kent and James City Counties, Virginia 1684-1786, p. 548
[59]  Ibid., p. 565
[60]  Ibid., p. 567
[61]  Virginia Gazetter, Purdie, Mary 17, 1776, p. 3
[62]  The Va. Genealogist. Vol. 27, #2  "Local Notices From the Virginia Gazette" p. 127
[63]  Northampton Co., NC, Deed Book # 10, p. 36
[64]  The Virginia Genealogist. “Some Lost New Kent County Land ?”, Vol. 27, #4
[65]  Ryland, Elizabeth Hawes, “A Tentative History of the Crump Family of New Kent County, VA”  unpublished manuscript, 1949
[66]  Crump Family Newsletter, Vol. 2, #4, “Letter from Charlotte Hughes Brown, Newport News, Va.
[67]  Va. Genealogist, “Collier and Christian of Charles City and New Kent Counties” Vol. 24, #2, p. 83
[68]  Virginia Genealogical Society Quarterly, vol. 13, #4, “Abstracts from the John K. Martin Papers, War of 1812” p. 17
[69]  North Carolina Genealogy Society Journal
[70]  Jones, Neva, Manuscript, sent to Faith G. Flythe 1985
[71]  Ibid.
[72]  Ibid., Deed Bk. C - 1783-1786
[73]  Ibid.
[74]  Ibid.
[75]  Ibid.
[76]  NC State Archives, film # C.022.50001, Vol. 2, pg. 88
[77] Chatham County, NC Will Bk. C, p. 476

 

 

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