As seen below, there is much conflicting information whether this Benjamin OLNEY/ONEY was the son of Stephen OLNEY, or an immigrant from England (Benjamin Oney m.Ann Wilson or Benjamin ONEY (Leonard) m. Barbara WALLEN). The Revolutionary War record noted by James OLNEY assumes he was a TORY, while other accounts place him on the Continental side. Also note that his brother, Stephen, was a Captain, RI Militia.
"A Genealogy of the decendants of Thomas Olney, an orginal proprietor of Providence RI, who came from England in 1635." by James H. Olney, 1889.
This is #8 under Unconnected Branches.
A VIRGINIA FAMILY WHO GENERALLY SPELL THEIR NAME ONEY.
From correspondence with various branches of this family, who live widely apart and are unacquainted with each other, I have gathered information of such a character, as to fully warrant the probability, that the family was of Rhode Island origin. All seem to agree to one Benjamin as the first of the name in Virginia, and that he came from the State of New York during the early part of the struggle for Independence, and settled in Shenandoah Valley. He was without doubt a loyalist and this circumstance led to his removal from New York. He received a captain's commission from Lord Cornwallis, and after the latter's defeat and surrender at Yorktown, he considered his own safety and taking his family he found a home in Tazewell County, then a region far away from any danger on account of his Toryism. In the course of time the family adopted a form of spelling the name in accordance with their manner of pronunciation. An old tradition exists among the different branches of the family, to the effect that formerly there was an L in their name.
In Staples Annals of Providence, R.I., there is a Benjamin Olney mentioned in 1757, among those who enlisted to go to the French War in Canada. They however, were not sent. In 1760 a Benjamin Olney was made a freeman. From this point no further trace of him is found in Rhode Island, but, about this time a large emigration commenced to New York State and probably this Benjamin was one of the number. To which branch of the family in Rhode Island he may have belonged it is not possible to determine, but there is an uncertain record that No. 37, had a son of that name, and this may be the one. If this view is correct, then this Benjamin most have been of the fifth generation, and his descendents are as follows: ......
There is an abstract of Benjamin Oney or Olney will probated August 13, 1801 in Tazewell County Virginia, decries his property to his sons Richard, Joseph, William and his soninlawÙus William Webb and Obadiah Payne.http://w3.one.net/~evaughan/vaughan/bio2.htm
American Revolutionary War veteran. He served from Oct. 1776 to July 1779 as a Drummer in Capt. Jeremiah Burrough's Co. of the Batallion of Forces commanded by Col. Seth Warner of the Continental Line. His record in the National Archives is very complete. It shows where he was all the time he was in the service and shows him present at the battles of Fort Stark and at Fort Bennington. Born in England, birthdate unknown. His will dated 1/11/1790 was probated 8/13/1801 and it is assumed that he died shortly before that time. In his will he refers to his wife's name as "Mary." The Will is recorded in Will Book 1, page 5 in Tazewell Co., Virginia, Court Clerk's office. The names of his daughters do not appear in his will. Under Virginia law,married women could not own or manage their property. Their husbands were their legal guardians. An unmarried woman could own property, but apparently all of his daughters were married, their names did not appear in the Will nor in any other available document. Copies of this will are in our file. He signed his name "Oney" to his Will. His military record records it "Olney" in some places and "Oney" in others.
This record shows Benjamin ONEY, b: 16 JAN 1700/01 in Northamptonshire, England, with a second marriage to Barbara WALLEN.http://worldconnect.rootsweb.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=:1929445&id=I2237
Bobby Dobbins Title in Orange, CA, writes:http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/VATAZEWE/1998-06/0896844706
I'm going to quote from a letter Paul Martsching of Ames, Iowa sent me in 1986: "This whole Oney line is very frustrating because of the confusion caused by the 1889 Olney book and the part in its appendix - A Virginia Family Who Spell Their Name Oney. This book says probably thus and so and everyone since seems to have taken it as the proven truth without ever checking it out. The book confuses the Oneys of southeastern Virginia with those of southwestern Virginia - as anyone who has compared the records from Washington, Russell, and Tazewell Co., in SW Virginia with the records of Isle of Wight and Southampton Co's in SE Virginia can see. The Olney book's contention that the Oneys of Virginia were originally Olneys from Rhode Island who dropped the L might possibly be true of the SE Virginia family. It is not true of the SW Virginia family. A Mr. X did some research for Mrs. Steele some years ago in which he came to the conclusion that the SE Virginia Oneys were descendants of Thomas Olney of Rhode Island by the way of Long Island - a Leonard Oney was executor of Samuel Sands estate in 1736 in Isle of Wight Co., VA and it appears that two brothers, John and Benjamin who bought land in Southampton Co., Virginia in 1751 may have been his brothers. If he is right about this family, then they are Olneys who dropped the L and are descended from the Rhode Island Olneys, but NOT the way the Olney book has it. In any case, in the course of his research Mr. X found the Olney book, and at once concluded that the SW Virginia Oneys were the same family as the SE Oneys. His other conclusions over a several month period were often quite contradictory, and he often hinted that he had other evidence but never got around to presenting it. Mrs. Steel was reluctant to even let me have a copy of his work as it was so inconsistent. I did get a couple of interesting bits of info about the SW Virginia Oneys from it, but one must be very wary about accepting any conclusions or "hints of evidence" contained therein."
son of Leonard Oney
From the book Archives of the Pioneers of Tazwell County Va., pg 175. Abstracts of Will Book Number One 1800-1832 Benjamin Oney made January 11, 1790 Proven: August 1801 Of Russell County, Beloved son, Richard Oney, the whole of the land and plantation whereon I now live and every kind of stock of horses and cattle, household furniture, and cash that he dies possessed of in consideration of his paying the several legacies hereafter mentioned: to son, Joseph Oney, to son, William Oney, twenty shillings: to son-in-law William Stapleton, twenty shillings: to son-in-law Obadiah Pain, twenty shillings: Executors: Son, Richard and wife Mary, Witnesses: Will Webb, Simon Cochrell, William Owens, Proven by William Webb and William Owens.http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/VATAZEWE/1998-06/0896883054
LDS shows Benjamin ONEY married to Jemima, son of Stephen ONLEY and Rachel COGGSWELL. (?Rachel Coggeshall ? grandmother).
Per Benjamin's will, written on 7 Jan 1790, probated in 1801, his wife's name was "Mary". He names his sons as being Richard, Joseph and William. He does not give the names of his daughters but he does name their husbands. They are William Webb, William Stapleton, Obediah Pain and a name that has been abstracted as "Edward Corthe?" but I think looks like it might be "Edward Castle". The daughter who married William Webb was apparently named Mary. By 1797, Joseph Oney was living in Wyeth Co when he purchased land in Russell Co, VA from Benjamin Alderson. Penny Fraley Richardson firstname.lastname@example.org
This Benjamin also died Tazewell 1801, He was in the Rev. War:"American Revolutionary War Veteran. He served from Oct 1776 to July 1779 as a Drummer in Capt Jeremiah Burrough's Co of the Batallion of Forces cammanded by Col Seth Warner of the Continental Line. His record in the National Archives is very complete. It shows where he was all the time he was in the service and shows him present at the battles of Fort Stark and at Fort Bennington. Born in England,, birth date unknown. His will dated 1/11/1790 was probated 8/13/1801 and it is assumed that he died shortly before that time. In his will he refers to his wife's name as "Mary". The will is recorded in Will book 1 pg 5 in Tazewell Co. Va. Court Clerk's Office. The names of his daughters do not appear in his will. Under Va law, married women could not own or manage their property. Their husbands were their legal guardians. An unmarried woman could own property, but apparently all of his daughters were married, their names did not appear in the Will nor in any other available document. Copies of his Will are in our files. He signed his name "Oney" to his will. His military records show it "Olney" in some places and "Oney" in others. He was married to Mary. Children were: Richard, William, Joseph, 4 females"