1. Thomas GOIN was born about 1755 in Brunswick Co., VA. He died on 22 May 1838 in Claiborne Co., TN. He was buried in Old Big Barren Cemetery, Claiborne Co., TN.
136. Thomas Goin was born about 1755 in Brunswick Co., VA. He died on 22May 1838 in Claiborne Co., TN. He was buried in Old Big Barren Cemetery, Claiborne Co., TN. The cemetery is now at the bottom of Lake Norris.
He was married to Rebecca Clark about 1775.
BRUNSWICK COUNTY, VIRGINIA Brunswick County was organized in 1720 with land taken from three counties; Prince George, Isle of Wight and Surry. Thomas Goin was born in Brunswick County about 1755, according to Varion Elmer Goin, a descendant of Jefferson, Oregon and a Foundation researcher.
"Thomas Going" was mentioned in "Brunswick County, Virginia Court Order Books, 1737 & 1749." An index listed him in volume I, page 254. Other individuals who appeared in the index include : "Anne Going, Volume 1,pages 321, 353 and 379; Drury Going, Volume 1, page 302; Edward Going, Volume 3, page 388; Elsoner Going, Volume 1, page 302; John Going, Volume1, page 254; Michael Going, Volume 2, pages 37 and 78; William Going, Volume 3, page 102 and 202, William Going, Planter, Volume 3, page 204 and Mary Gowing, Volume 1, page 302."
Mary Gowing, above, is identified as the mother of Drury Going and Elsoner Going by Donna V. Gowin Johnston, family researcher of Casper, Wyoming.
She cites a Brunswick County Court order of April 3, 1740 in which it was "ordered that Elsoner Going and Drury Going, sons to Mary Gowing be bound as the law directs to Ralph Jackson until they shall arrive to the age of twenty-one years," according to Order Book 1, page 302.
Four years earlier, John Going and Thomas Going, apparently brothers, possibly other sons of Mary Gowing, were also bound to Ralph Jackson on July 5 ,1736, according to Order Book 1, page 254.
"Thomas Going," living alone [or the head of a free colored household], was enumerated as the head of a household in the 1783 census of Greensville County, page 55, adjacent to Drury Going, according to "Heads of Families, Virginia, 1790."
Drury Going was the head of a household of four, including two children.
James Going was the head of a household of seven, including five children.
Greensville County had been created in 1780 with land taken from Brunswick County.
Thomas Goin served in the Revolutionary War as a private in a militia company commanded by Capt. Turner Bynum, according to Varion Elmer Goin who died July 30, 1993. He quoted a letter from Thornton W. Mitchell, North Carolina State Archivist, dated October 26,1978 who wrote, "Capt. Bynum was from Greensville County as were the majority of the men in his company." National DAR accepted Thomas Goin as a Revolutionary War soldier from Greensville County, and assigned No.629059 to the file. Gerry A. Elbridge, a descendant was accepted on his record.
"James Going" also served in the company commanded by Capt. Bynum, according to "The State Records of North Carolina" edited by Judge Walter Clark. Writing of her ancestor, Beverly J. Ellison Nelson, a descendant of Littleton, Colorado stated: "Although many researchers descended from the various branches of the Thomas Goin [1755 & 1838] family have sought to establish his origins, to date no firm connection exists. The primary clue is in the consistent census listing of North Carolina as the birthplace of his oldest known son Levi. But, even that may simply refer to that portion of North Carolina which became Tennessee."
The question of Thomas Goin being a negro, a mulatto or a Melungeon came up in a court case tried in Claiborne County, Tennessee in1855. His great? grandson Elijah Goin was accused of being a mulatto, and he filed suit against his accuser. Certain information was introduced into evidence: The "mulatto and negro" charge had serious implications. The Territory Act of 1794 and the Tennessee Constitution of 1796 declared, "all negroes, mulattos and Indians and persons of mixed blood, descended from negro or Indian ancestors to the third generation inclusive, though one ancestor of each generation may have been a white person, whether bond or free, should be held deemed to be incapable in law to be a witness in any case whatsoever, except against each other. "The Act also forbad such persons from obtaining marriage licenses, voting, owning land, paying taxes, making wills, owning slaves or holding office. Their civil rights were denied. Even in Revolutionary days and in the War of 1812, negroes and mulattos could not serve as soldiers. A few were utilized in non-combatant roles as cooks and teamsters.
The first proven official record for Thomas Goin is the North Carolina Land Grant No. 657 issued for 225 acres in Washington County, Tennessee "upon the waters of Cherokee Creek. joining Tipton's line, "entered June 29, 1779 and issued October 26, 1786. The Tipton Farm, now a tourist attraction, still exists near Jonesborough, Tennessee, according to Carol Anne Ledford, family researcher.
In the Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions held November 1, 1784 in Washington County, North Carolina [which later became Washington County, Tennessee] Thomas Goin was appointed constable. He was granted 225 acres, described as Grant No. 751, on Cherokee Creek in Washington County October 26, 1786.The grant was signed by I. Glasgone Lee and R. C. Caswell. He served on several jury panels there, according to the county court records and was in court in Jonesborough, the county seat, on the day that Andrew Jackson was admitted to the bar.
In 1786 Thomas Goin received another land grant, No. 756, according to "North Carolina Land Grants in Tennessee, 1778-1791." The land was described as 225 acres "on the waters of the Nolachucky, adjoining a bank of rocks." This transaction was actually a purchase grant, paid for by cash or certificate. In the August term of1787 Alex Moffatt had sworn "That he had lost a bond, the property of Thomas Goan, concerning 200 acres on Middle Creek. It was given by Isaac Taylor to Ralph Hedgepath who assigned it to John Cassady who assigned it to Goan," according to "Washington County, Tennessee Deeds,1775-1800."
In 1787, "Thomas Gooin" received Grant No. 2015 for 300acres of land on Licking Creek, "including his improvements" in Greene County, Tennessee. This grant was paid for in cash. Greene County had been formed in 1783 with land taken from Washington County.
In 1788, "Thomas Goin" applied to the County Court of Greene County for the administration of the estate of Elizabeth Bass, according to "Bulletin of the Watauga Association," Volume 10: "August 1788. On motion of W. Avery, Esqr. atto. for Thomas Going for obtaining letter of administration on the Estate of Elizabeth Bass, decd. ordered that the same be laid over until next term, for proof of sanguinity [kinship, blood relationship ] & that a dedimus potestatem [a commission to take testimony] issue in favour of said Thomas Going to Anson & Richmond Counties & to the State of South Carolina by giving fifteen days notice to Jeremiah Bass of the time & place where such testimony will be taken, ditto for Levi Bass to South Carolina giving Thos. Going fifteen days notice at least." Edward Gowen of Granville County, North Carolina, regarded as a kinsman of Thomas Goin, was also named an heir of Elizabeth Bass.
On October 14, 1788 he conveyed his interest in here state to "his nephew, Thomas Gowen," according to Granville County Will Book 2, page 79. "October 14, 1788. Know all men by these presents that I Edward Gowen of the County of Granville for divers good causes and considerations thereunto [me] moving more especially for the sum of A25to me i n hand paid, the receipt of which I do hereby acknowledge, hathbar? gained, sold & made over, and by these presents, do bargain, sell and make over to my nephew, Thomas Gowen all the estate, right and interest I have or hereafter may have to the estate of Elizabeth Bass, deceaseded, or any part thereof, and do hereby make over the same to the said Thomas Gowin, his heirs and assigns from the claim of me, the said Edward Gowen or any other person whatever claiming under me. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand & seal the 15th day of October,1786. Edward Going Witnesses: Henry Meghe Allin Hudson Jhn. [X] Simmons"
By 1786 Thomas had established himself in Washington County, and his name is included among those who voted in the election in August 1786 at the Courthouse in Jonesborough, Tennessee. In 1788, 1789, and 1790, Thomas Goin was No. 26 on the tax list of Washington County, North Carolina with "1 white poll," indicating that he had located on his grant. In 1789 shown as No. 33 was Jonathan Tipton whose political problems had erupted in gunfire.
"Thomas Goin, Pvt," assigned this land in 1792 to Lardner Clark, later a prominent attorney in Nashville, Tennessee.
The land of Thomas Goin on Cherokee Creek was levied on by the sheriff and was sold at auction January 4, 1795, according to Washington County Deed Book 7, page 209?12. The entry read:" Edmund Williams. Late sheriff of Washington County to Alexander Moffett against Thomas Goins , defendant, in 1788 levied against 275 acres on Cherokee Creek. Bid: A40, 1 shilling, 8 pence. Adjoining Jonathan Tipton, R Bayley, Bailey's land not sold at first sale because of no bidders; second sale Feb. 1788,. Alex Moffatt. highest bidder. Signed: Edmund Williams. Witnesses: Waighstill Avery, Andrew Greer, Amos Ball. Court Term: Sept 1795."
In 1788, Thomas Goin sold his land in Greene County and moved westward to newly created Hawkins County, Tennessee from which Claiborne would be created in 1801. Thomas Goin didn't come to Claiborne County; the county came to him. He appeared there as a taxpayer, along with his sons, Levi Goin and Uriah Goin on Big Barren Creek in 1799 in "Capt. Coxes company." The post office of Goin, Tennessee would be named for this pioneer's family in 1884. Goin still exists today, but the post office was discontinued in 1965. In 1802, he and his sons helped to build the road to Tazewell, Tennessee, and were appointed its overseers.
On Saturday, November 1, 1803, he was instrumental in establishing the Big Barren Primitive Baptist Church. "Thomas Going" was recorded as No.3 on the church roster of the men. No. 3 on the women's roster was "Elizabeth Going, " possibly the wife of Thomas Goin. He served on Claiborne County jury panels and in 1833 was listed as a "white male" taxpayer.
Thomas Goin died in 1838, according to Big Barren Primitive Baptist Church Record Book 2, and was buried in Old Big Barren Church Cemetery which adjoined the church. The site is now at the bottom of Norris Lake, and it is unknown if the graves were moved before the lake was created. The cemetery is now at the bottom of Lake Norris.
His will was recorded in the Claiborne County courthouse.
Fifteen years after his death, his descendants were tormented in the community by accusations that they were descended from "niggers and mulattos." The family had distinct Melungeon features, but attributed the mixed-blood characteristics to Indian and/or Portuguese ancestry. For a detailed account of this incident, see Record # 117 in this data base for James Smith Falkner (family notes).
Known children of Thomas Goin include: Edwina Goin born in 1774 Levi Goin born November 2, 1779 Sarah Goin born about 1782 Uriah Goin born about 1785 Isaac Abraham Goin born about 1789
Richard Glenn Bonds, a descendant of Midland, Texas, wrote February 11,1994 that a fourth son, William Goin was born to Thomas Goin.
Richard Glenn Bonds, a GOIN descendant living in Midland, Texas, wrote February 11, 1994 that a fourth son, William Goin was born to Thomas Goin.
Thomas married Rebecca CLARK about 1775.
They had the following children: