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KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF MONMOUTHSHIRE 1901 - ST. ARVANS

Kelly's Directory for Monmouthshire,1901
The proprietors trust that the present Edition of Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire may be found at least equal in accuracy to the previous ones. Every place in Monmouthshire, and every parish will again be found to be included in the book. The Letters M.O.O. and S.B. are abbreviations adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent Money Order Office and Savings Bank.

ST. ARVANS

Including

ST. ARVANS GRANGE,     PORTHCASSEG,     ST. LAWRENCE,
ROGERSTONE GRANGE    &    ST. KINGSMARK.


ST. ARVANS is a parish on the high road from Chepstow to Monmouth and Raglan, 2 miles northwest-by-north from Chepstow station on the Great Western Railway, in the Southern division of the county, hundred of Caldicot, petty sessional division, union and county court dstrict of Chepstow, rural deanery of Chepstow, archdeaconry of Monmouth and diocese of Llandaff.

The church of St. Arvan is an ancient building of stone, erected at various periods, and consisting of chancel, nave, aisles and a tower containing one bell, dated 1751. The priest's door on the south side of the chancel is an interesting example of Early Norman work, and there is a window on the same side dating from a century later: a portion of the shaft of an ancient Saxon stone cross.was found in taking down the walls of the nave, and in a cavity in the walls, in another part of the church, a number of silver coins were discovered.

The church was almost completely restored in 1883-4, under the directon of Mr. Pritchard, architect, at a cost of about 2,000, of which 500 was contributed by Mrs. Clay, of Piercefield, and the church was reopened 26 Feb. 1884: there are 300 sittings. The register dates from the year 1686, when all previous registers were burnt. The living is now a vicarage, with Penterry annexed in 1888, joint net yearly income 200, with 42 acres of glebe here and residence in the gift of the Bishop of Llandaff and the Duke of Beaufort alternately, and held since 1887 by the Rev. John Tilley.

The vicarage house was built in 1889 by public subscription and Queen Anne's bounty. There is a Congregational chapel.

Piercefield Park, the seat of Henry Clay esq. M.A., D.L., J.P., is about 400 acres in extent, and is bounded on the east and north sides by beautifully wooded and precipitous cliffs, rising at the angle to a height of several hundred feet and commanding a fine view of the valley of the Wye; the mansion is a plain but substantial building of stone, erected towards the close of the last century, by George Smith esq. then owner of the estate, upon the site of a former house, which had for many generations been the seat of the Walters family, by whom the estate had been sold in 1727. The park is open on Tuesdays during the season, and visitors are permitted to pass through it to the high road above. At various points on the way exquisite views are afforded ot the Wye and the beautifully wooded cliffs rising on either side of the valley.

Oak Grove is the seat of Henry Hastings Clay esq. J.P. The Duke of Beaufort, who is lord of the manor, Henry Clay esq., George Smedley esq. of Tutshill, the Dean and Chapter of Llandaff, the Rev. N. S. Barthropp M.A. Rector of Itton and the Rev. John Henry Whiteley M.A. of St. Lawrence, Chepstow, are the principal landowners.

The soil is loam and sand; subsoil, marl and limestone. The chief crops are wheat, barley and oats. The area is 2,258 acres of land, 2 of water, 34 of tidal water and 36 of foreshore; rateable value, 2,913; the population in 1891 was 503 in the civil and 540 in the ecclesiastical parish.

Parish Clerk, William Fisher.
Assistant Overseer, Edward Smith.

Post Office, St.Arvans - Martin Smith, sub- postmaster, also M. & T.O., T.M.O., Express Delivery, Parcel Post, S.B. & Annuity & Insurance Office.
Letters through Chepstow arrive at 7 a.m. & 4 p.m.; dispatched at 4.15 & 7.10 p.m.; sundays, 11.30 a.m
Pillar Letter Box, Crossway Green, cleared at 4.40 & 7.40p.m.; sundays at 11.55a.m.

National School, built in 1872 & enlarged in 1895, for 150 children; average attendance, 92; Edward B. Bendall, master; Miss Louisa Simmonds, assistant mistress.


ST. ARVANS GRANGE is a parish. The area is 536 acres; rateable value, 450; population in 1891 was 15.

PORTHGASSEG is a hamlet is 3 miles north from Chepstow.

ST. LAWRENCE is a hamlet 1 mile west from Chepstow.
There were formerly churches at both these places, and the site ot that of St. Lawrence's may still be distinctly traced.

ROGERSTONE GRANGE, formerly extra parochial, has the remains of an old mansion, at one time occupied by the Curre family.

ST. KINGSMARK, or Kynemark, is a parish, formerly extra parochial, 1 mile northwest from Chepstow railway station, in the hundred of Caldicot, union and county court district of Chepstow, and, for ecclesiastical purposes, included in the parish of St. Arvans. Here was once a small priory, founded before 1291. Its history is involved in obscurity, but some fragments of wall yet remain to mark its site. There was also a church here, every vestige of which has now disappeared.
The Duke of Beaufort is lord of the manor. The land belongs to Mrs. Smith, of The Mount, Chepstow. The area is 18 acres; rateable value, 90. The population in 1891 was 5.

By Local Government Board Order No. 17,582, dated March 25, 1885, a detached part of St. Arvans, known as Chapel Fields, was transferred to Chapel Hill.




PRIVATE RESIDENTS
Bendall Edward B. Church house
Clay Henry M.A., D.L., J.P. Piercefield park
Clay Henry Hastings J.P. Oak grove
Dredge Frank Henry, Wyndcliff villa
Eeles John Proctor, Woodlands
Glennie Walter O'Brian, The Elms
Kilpern James, Parkfield
Master Rev. Oswald, M.A. St. Arvans court
Peake Mrs. St. Arvan's lodge
Rake Thomas Samuel, Clingre house, Crossway Green
Thomas John, Uplands
Tilley Rev. John (vicar of St. Arvan's & Penterry), The Vicarage,
Watkins Mrs., Hydrangea cottage
Whiteley Rev. John Henry M.A., St. Laurence

COMMERCIAL
Biddle William, farmer, Laurel house
Cox Frederick, gardener to Henry Clay, esq.
Charrington Joseph, refreshment rooms & apartments, Prospect house
Davis Robert, farm bailiff to W. P.Proctor esq., Crossway Green farm
Dick Alexanaer, farmer, Rogerstone Grange
Dredge Frank Henry, overseer, Wyndcliff villa
Harris William, shopkeeper
Howell George, carpenter & wheelwright
Huxley Joseph E., Piercefield hotel
Jenkins William, apartments, St. Lawrence lodge
Jones William, dairy farmer, St. Kingsmark
Jones Alfred & Sons, blacksmiths
Joyce Thomas, farm bailiff to Henry Clay esq
Knight William Benjamin, butcher
Malpas Edwd. market gardener, Bayfield
Morgan Arthur, carpenter, joiner, builder, undertaker & wheelwright
Pomeroy James Henry, insurance agent, Crossway green
Price Henry, apartments; two reception, five bedrooms & bath, Wyndcliff house
Prickett Richard, farmer, Bishop's Barnetts
Proctor William Perkins, farmer, Crossway green
Rymer Joseph, registrar of births, deaths & marriages, relieving & vaccination officer for Chepstow subdistrict & school attendance officer, Crossway Green
Simmonds John, mason
Smith Martin, assistant overseer, assessor & collector of income tax for St. Arvan's, Penterry & Mounton
Smith, Martin & Son, boot & shoe makers & grocers, Post office.
Waters Mary (Mrs.), apartments, Hazel villa
Wetson Andrew, tea & refreshments provided; parties catered for; traps on hire, Moss cottage, Wyndcliff
Young Daniel, lime burner, Crossway Green