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KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF MONMOUTHSHIRE 1901 - SHIRENEWTON
Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire,1901
The proprietors trust that the present Edition of Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire may be found at least equal in accuracy to the previous ones. Every place in Monmouthshire, and every parish will again be found to be included in the book. The Letters M.O.O. and S.B. are abbreviations adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent Money Order Office and Savings Bank.
SHIRENEWTON

SHIRE NEWTON is a parish, seated on a hill, 535 feet above the sea, and is 4 miles north from Portskewett and 4 miles south-west from Chepstow railway stations on the Great Western railway, in the Southern division of the county, Caldicot hundred, petty sessional division, union and county court district of Chepstow, rural deanery of Chepstow, archdeaconry of Monmouth, and diocese of Llandaff.

The old Welsh name of this parish (which appears to have been but seldom used) was Tre-newydd-gelli-fach. This was anciently a detached portion of the lordship of Caldicot, and the eastern part of the parish is still included in the manor of Caldicot-cum-Newton.

The church of St Thomas a Becket is an ancient building of stone, founded by Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, about the middle of the 13th century, and consists of chancel, nave, north aisle (added in 1853), and a massive tower, placed at the intersection of the nave and chancel, and containing 5 bells, all cast by William Evans, of Chepstow, in 1756.

The tower is a good example of the peculiar fortified church towers of this district, and from the elevated situation of the church is a conspicuous object for many miles round: there is one modern stained window: the church affords 200 sittings.

The register dates from the year 1730. The living is a rectory, net yearly income 240, with residence, in the gift of the Bishop of Llandaff, and held since 1891 by the Rev. George Platt Dew B.A. of Jesus College, Cambridge.

There is a chapel for Calvinistic Methodists at Gaerlwydd; and Wesleyan and Bible Christian chapels at Earlswood and one for Wesleyans in the village. The Society of Friends opened a burying ground here in 1700, and the present Wesleyan chapel was built by them.

The common land is inclosed and cultivated. There is a cromlech just outside the parish on the road to Usk, and upon a steep eminence in Llanmelin Wood, upwards of a mile from the village, and partly in this parish, and partly in that of Caerwent, is a large British encampment, strongly defended by an inner and outer vallum, and having outworks on the north-eastern side towards the edge of the wood.

Shire Newton Hall, the residence of Mrs. Lowe, is a large and beautiful residence, on the top of a very high hill, commanding most extensive views, embracing the whole of the Bristol Channel, from the estuary of the Severn to beyond Porlock Bay, backed by the Cotswold, Mendip, Quantock and Exmoor Hills.

Just behind the hall there was formerly an ancient mansion, belonging to the Blethyn family, and said to have been once occupied by Bishop Blethyn, who died here in 1590.

The Coombe (or Cwm) is the property and residence of William Shaxson Lang esq. is pleasantly seated amidst secluded and picturesque scenery and sheltered from north and east winds by the surrounding hills.
The manor of Caldicot-cum-Newton, embracing a considerable part of this parish, belongs to the Duchy of Lancaster, under which it is held by Charles Edward Lewis esq. of St. Pierre; there is another manor here, belonging to Lord Tredegar, and the rector is lord of the manor of the Rectory of Nova Villa, otherwise Shire Newton.

The principal landowners are Mrs. Lowe, William Edward Carne Curre esq. of Itton Court, and Madame Nugent.

The soil is clayey loam; subsoil, mountain limestone with some red sand stone. The crops are chiefly grain and turnips. The area is 3,597 acres of land and 2 of water; rateable value, 3,228; The population in 1891 was 648.

Sexton: John Scott.

Assistant Overseer: Thomas Williams, Gaerlwydd.

Post, M.O.O., S.B. & Annuity & Insurance Office - John White Scott, subpostmaster.
Letters arrive daily from Chepstow at 8 a.m.; dispatched at 6.10 p.m.; Sundays, 9 a.m.
St. Arvans is the nearest telegraph office, 4 miles distant.
Wall Letter Box, at Earlswood, cleared at 5.30 p.m.

SCHOOLS
A School Board of 5 members was formed 10 Oct. 1876;
Thomas Williams, junior, Gaerlwydd, clerk to the board and attendance officer.
Board School, Earlswood (mixed), built in 1861, for 80 children, average attendance, 50; Mrs. Selina Senior, mistress.
Mynyddbach (mixed), built for 70 children; average attendance, 50; William Pugsley, master.

The Church Sunday school was built in 1874.

County Police Station, Joseph Morgan, constable.

PRIVATE RESIDENTS
Dew, Rev. George Platt B.A. (rector) Rectory
Field, Esau, Wentwood Mill
Lang, William Shaxon, The Coombe
Liddel, Charles Oswald, Caerdu
Lowe, Mrs. Shire Newton Hall
Lowe, Hugh Lee Peyton, J.P. Shire Newton Hall
Miliett, Mrs Joseph, Mynyddbach
Smith, Col. Philip, Grondra House
Spickett, Mrs. Ivy Cottage

COMMERCIAL
Ansty Arthur, farmer, Rhewl farm
Benjamin, Robert, butcher & farmer, Red House farm & Five Bells P.H.
Benjamin, William, farmer, & Cross Hands P.H.
Bladon, John, farmer, Earlswood
Bodenham, William, baker
Bryant, Jas., market grdnr, Earlswood
Burden, Richd., markt.grdnr, Earlswood
Burrows, William, farmer
Collins, George, farmer, Llwyn-y-Celyn
Collins, William George, farmer & cattle dealer, The Mynders
Edwards, Thomas, farmer, Upper Pink
Fisher, Thos., market grdnr, Earlswood
Fisher, Thos., farmer, Sportsman's hall
Godsall, Wm., farmer, Crossway farm
Gray, William, farmer, Cae Hedydd
Baines, Oliver, jobbing mason, Mynddbach
Hewett, Sarah (Mrs.), shopkeeper, Earlswood
Hewett. Walter, blacksmith.Mynyddbach
Hughes, Wm., market gardnr. Batwell
Hunt, Thos., farmer,Lower House farm
James, John, farmer, Lower Bushes
Johns, Hy. farmer, Pantycossin farm
Jones, Chas., shoe maker, Mynyddbach
Jones, Henry, farmer, Grondra farm Road
Jones, Jas., mrkt. grdnr., New Road frm.
Jones, Sarah, (Mrs.), farmer, Earlswood
Kears, Thos., head grdnr. to Mrs. Lowe
Kelford, Enoch, grocer
Langle, John, horse dealer, Rhaeta
Lewis, Thomas (Mrs.), farmer, Twynhendraus
Lewis, Thos., market grdnr., White wall
Mayberry, Geo., markt. grdnr., Earlswood
Nash, Samuel, farmer, Usk road
Nicholas, Walter, beer retailer
Nicholas, Wm., farmer, Shire Newton farm
Packer, Fredk.,. blacksmith, Mynyddbach
Packer, John James, surveyor to Chepstow Rural District council, Mynyddbach
Paul, Sidney, beer retailer
Price, James P., shopkeeper, Starvenacre
Price, William, farmer, Cwm farm
Pugh, Chas. farmer, Cherry Orchard farm
Quinton, James, farmer, The Tump
Reece, Henry, market gardener, Little Pantycosyn farm
Reece, James, haulier, Lower Tump
Reece William, cowkeeper, New road
Rhyman, Elizabeth (Miss), dress maker, The Row
Richards, Thomas, carpenter
Richards, Thos., carpenter, Mynyddbach
Riddler, Albert, beer retailer
Roberts, John, Shopkeeper
Scott, John White, coal dealer, subpostmaster, Post office
Smith, John, haulier, Old Home
Stephens, George, boot & shoe maker
Williams, John & Charles, farmers, Upper & Lower Argoed
Williams, James, cowkeeper, Bullyhole
Williams, John, plasterer, Earlswood
Wil1iams, John, carpenter