The parish was governed by a Local Board from 1878 until the "Local Government Act, 1894 " (56 & 57 Vict: c.73) established the present Urban District Council of 18 members. The district, which is divided into Central, North and South Wards, was formed in 1878 out of Risca and parts of Upper and Lower Machen and Mynyddyslwyn, and by a Local Government Provisional Order No. 12, 157, confirmed by Act 44 & 45 Vict. cap. cii. Parts of Mynyddyslwyn were added in 1881.
The village is lighted with gas by a company reformed in May, 1891. A company was formed in 1891 to supply the parish with water.
The church of St. Mary, rebuilt in 1858 on the ancient foundation, is an edifice of stone, in the Florid Gothic style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles and a tower at the south-east angle with spire, containing one bell: there are 400 sittings, 50 being free. In the churchyard is a cross. The register of baptisms dates from the year 1736, marriages, 1754 and burials, 1779. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £227, with residence and 48 acres of glebe, in the gift of the vicar of Bassaleg, and held since 1876 by the Rev. Basil Williams M.A. of Wadham College, Oxford, and surrogate, who resides at Risca Vicarage, Rogerstone. A cemetery Of 4 acres was formed in 1889, and is under the control of the Urban District Council, with the exception of one-fourth part, which has been consecrated and contains a mortuary chapel and caretaker's residence.
The Public Hall, erected in 1884, is Italian in style, and includes the hall proper, which is 68ft. by 48ft. and seats 800 persons ; there are also offices for Urban Council and School Board, and a suite of rooms for Masonic purposes.
Here are collieries, a large tinplate manufactory, the works of the Monmouthshire Steel and Tinplate Co. Limited, the extensive iron and steel foundry of Messrs. Henry White and Co. a brewery, fire brick works and lime kilns.
Risca House is the residence of George William Wilkinson esq. J.P., and Wain Vawr of W. Dalziel esq. Lord Tredegar, who is lord of the manor, Col. Ivor John Caradoc Herbert, C.B., C.M.G., of Llanarth Court, Mr George Charles Giles, and the trustees of the late Lady Llanover (d. 1895), are the chief landowners.
The soil is gravel; subsoil, clay, coal and limestone. The chief crops are wheat, oats, barley and pasture. The area of the parish is 1,844 acres of land and 35 of water, rateable value, £37,579, and the population in 1891 was 5,647. The area of the Urban District is 4,178 acres, and the population in 1891 was 7,783.
CROSS KEYS is a mile north-west.
PONTYMISTER is half a mile south-east, and has a Catholic chapel with school, erected in 1868, and dedicated to St. Anthony of Padua and St. Clare; the chapel will seat 150 persons.
PONTYWAIN is 1½ miles north.
Sexton: Charles Pearce.
Post, M. O. & T. O., T. M. O., Express Delivery, Parcel Post, S. B. & Annuity & Insurane Office, Pontymister
Frederick Jones, sub-postmaster.
Letters from Newport arrive, 4.45 & 8.6 a.m. & 3.20 p.m. ; dispatched, 11.50 a.m. & 5 & 7.55 p.m.; sundays, 7.25 p.m.
Post, M.O.O., S. B. & Annuity & Insurance Office, Cross Keys.
William Benjamin Davies, sub-postmaster.
Letters through Newport, arrive 5 & 8.12 a.m. & 3.25 p.m.; delivered at 7 & 9 a.m. & 3.35 p.m.; dispatched, 12.5 & 8 p.m.; sundays, 8.10 p.m. Risca is the nearest telegraph office, 2 miles distant.
Post, M.O.O., S. B. &,, Annuity & Insurance Office, Pontywain.
Edward Thomas, sub-postmaster.
Letters from Newport, arrive, 5 & 9 a.m. & 4 p.m.; dispatched, 9 a.m. & 8.40 p.m. Risca and Aberearn are the nearest telegraph offices, 2 miles distant.
Wall Letter Box, Cross Keys, cleared 9.25 a.m. & 7.40 p.m.
Wall Letter Bax, Pontymister, cleared 12.10, 5.15 & 8.55 p.m.
Offices at Risca. Day of meeting, every fourth Tuesday, 6 p.m.
Members (with date when must stand for re-election)
Chairman: Trevor M. Banks.
Vice-Chairman: J. G. Broackes.
William Moseley (April, 1901)
John Woodward (April, 1901)
J. G. Broackes (April, 1902)
Edward Thomas (April, 1902)
James Winstone (April, 1903)
H. D. Smith (April, 1903)
Henry White (April, 1901)
G. J. Broackes (April, 1901)
T. M. Banks (April, 1902)
T. Rosser (April, 1902)
William Horsell (April, 1903)
John Knight (April, 1903)
Thomas Davies (April, 1901)
George Padfield (April, 1901)
T. H. Bowyer (April, 1902)
William Haines (April, 1902)
James Jones (April, 1903)
Thomas Jeremy (April, 1903)
Clerk: Martin Geo. Edwards, Urban District Council Office
Treasurer: A. C. Mitchell, London City & Midland Bank, Newport
Medical Officer of Health: Dr. Nicholas Cullinan, M.D.(Brux.), D.P.H.(Dublin), Pontymister.
Surveyor & Sanitary Inspector: John Williams.
Collector: George Charles Giles, Urban Council offices,Risca.
County Constabulary: William Porter, superintendent. William Humphries, sergeant, & 6 constables
1st Monmouthshire Volunteer Artillery, Western Division.
Royal Artillery (Position Artillery) (No. 2 Battery)
Capt.H. Watts, commanding.
Capt. R. J. Wallis-Jones.
Surg.-Capt. David Theophilus Richards M.D., medical officer
Surg.-Capt. W. E. James, medical officer.
Sergeant-major William Dorsett, instructor.
2nd Volunteer Battalion South Wales Borderers (G Co.), Pontymister
Capt. T. E. Cross
Sergeant E. Rallison, drill instructor
St. Mary's Church, Rev. Basil Williams M.A., vicar; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; wed. 7 p.m.
St . Anthony of Padua & St Clare (Catholic), Pontymister, Rev. Father D'Hulst, priest; mass, 11.30 a.m.; rosary & benediction, 6.30 p.m.; mass daily, 8.30 a.m.
Presbyterian (English chapel), Cross Keys, 11a.m, & 6 p.m.
Baptist (Welsh & English), Risca, Rev. Benjamin Davies, 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.
Baptist (Bethany), Pontymister, Rev. Thomas Thomas; 11 a.m. & 6 p.m. ; mon. & thurs. 7.30 p.m.
Baptist, Cross Keys, Rev. William Evans , 11 a.m. & 6 p. m.; wed. 7.30 p.m.
Calvinistic Methodist, Risca; 10.30 a.m. & 6 p.m.; thurs. 7 p.m.
Congregational, Pontywain, Rev. Frank Jones, 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.
Congregational, Pontymister, Rev. W. E. Davies, 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.
Primitive Methodist, Cross Keys, Rev. William C. Tonks, 11 a.m. & 6 p. m. ; tues. 7.15 p.m.
Primitive Methodist, Risca, Rev. William C. Tonks, 11 a.m, 2.30 & 6 p.m.; tues. 7.15 p.m.
Wesleyan, Risca, Rev. George Makin, 11 a.m. & 6 p.m.; thurs. 7.15 p.m.
Wesleyan, Pontywain, Rev. George Makin, 11 a.m. & 6 p,m.; every second wed. 7 p.m.
Risca County School, Pontymister, established under the "Welsh Intermediate Education Act, 1889," and controlled by the Central Welsh Board, was built in 1899 at a cost of £5,000 for 100 children.
Thomas H. Williams B.A. Oxford, head master; Miss Grace Berridge B.A. London, head mistress
A School Board of 7 members was formed 11 Dec. 1871 with Machen & Waenfawr United District Contributory sending 2 members.
T. S. Edwards, Stow hill, Newport, clerk to the board; William Thomas, Pontymister & John Hedges, attendance officers.
Board (mixed), erected in 1848, for 275 children; average attendance, 170 boys & girls & 165 infants.
David Jenkins, master; Miss Martha Allen, infants' mistress
Board, Pontymister, erected in 1877 & enlarged in 1896 for 650 children; average attendance, 170 boys, 157 girls & 207 infants.
Edwin Williams, master; Miss Mary Watkins, girls' mistress; Miss Annie Edwards, infants' mistress.
Board (mixed) Dan-y-Graig, Pontymister, erected in 1893 for 224 children; average attendance, 220.
Thomas Davies, master.
Joint Board, Cross Keys, erected in 1880, for 500 children; average, attendance, 151 boys, 175 girls & 200 infants.
Samuel David Edwards, master; Miss Elizabeth Thomas, girls' mistress; Mrs. Susan Edwards, infants' mistress.
Board, Wainfawr Risca (mixed & infants), erected in 1897 for 400 children; average attendance, 250 boys & girls & 152 infants.
William George Edwards, master; Miss Winnifred Hedges, infants' mistress.
Risca village: Samuel Goodwin, station master
Cross Keys: George James Taylor, station master
Barber James Richard, beer retailer
Bateman Samuel, grocer
Bowyer Thos. Hy., Church House inn
Buse John, chemist, news agent & stationer
Cleverley Ephraim, Plough P.H
Cromwell Brothers, road metal & stone merchants
Crosskeys & Risca Library & Reading Room (J. G. Broackers, secretary)
Cross & Matthews, brewers & maltsters & aerated water manufacturers, Risca brewery
Day William, hair dresser
Driscoll Michael, inspector, G. W. Rlwy
Edwards Martin George, solicitor & clerk to the Risca Urban District Council
Evans Price, farmer, Cribbarth
Giles George Charles, collector to Urban District Council & assistant overseer, Urban Council offices
Goodwin Samuel, station master
Haines Frank (Mrs.), confectioner
Hambleton Jonah, shopkeeper
Harris George, shopkeeper
Hayes William, Exchange P.H.
Hodges Alfred, shopkeeper
Hodges John,school attendance officer
Howells & Son, tailors
Howells William, jun., butcher
Hurn William, shopkeeper
James Joseph, contractor
Jenkins William, farmer, Cwm-byr
Jeremy Thomas, boot & shoe maker
Johnson William Edmund, butcher
Jones Darran Firebrick Works Lim. (Frank Jones, manager)
Jones James, farmer, Cwm-byr-isaf
Jones Southwood & Co. Limited, brick ,& tile makers
Jordan Charles, boot maker
Kerr Walter, manager at the brewery, Craiglamont
Leyshon William, boot & shoe maker
Meredith James, smith .
Mogford William, beer retailer
Monmouthshire (1st) Volunteer Artillery, Western Division
Royal Artillery (Position Artillery) No. 2 Battery
Capt. H. Watts, commanding
Capt. R. J. Wallis-Jones
Surgeon-Capt. Dr. David Theophilus Richards M.D., medical officer
Sergeant-instructor William Dorsett
Morris Ann (Mrs.), farmer, Cwm-y-nant
Morton George, farmer, Darran farm
Morton Henry, fruiterer
Noble Charles, King's Head P.H.
Padfield George A. grocer & draper
Parfitt Tom, beer retailer
Phillips Rachel (Mrs.), Albert P.H.
Poole Tom, lamp oil dealer
Pritchard Wm., wheelwright & undertaker
Price E., smith
Pugh Brothers, grocers
Richards David Theophilus M.D., M.Ch.(Glas.), surgeon, & surgeon to the Risca collieries, The Meadows
Richards Gertrude Lizzie (Miss), dress maker
Risca Public Hall Co. Limited (Thos. Davies, secretary)
Robathan George Beckett, surgeon, The Grove
Roberts & Bird, coach builders & wheelwrights
Rodgers Thomas, confectioner
Rogers William, beer retailer
Rosser George, architect, Y-Nyth
Sage Tom Albin, butcher
Sanders William, beer retailer
Summers James, beer retailer
Sutton William, grocer
Taylor Edwin Allen, grocer & ironmonger, & agent for W. & A. Gilbey Limited, wine & spirit merchants.
Thomas Walter, blacksmith
United National Collieries Limited (George William Wilkinson, agent)
Williams Abraham, Post office
Williams John, surveyor to Risca Urban District Council
Williams William, shopkeeper
Adams Worthy, insurance agent Ancient Britons Benefit Society (David Davies, secretary.), held at Tredegar Arms, North Risca.
Allsop Emma (Miss), dress maker
Bartlett Frederick, shop keeper
B1aina Industrial & Provident SocietyLtd. (Thomas William Allen, Secretary, Alfred Williams, manager)
Booth Joseph Arthur, shopkeeper, Newtown
Bush Ethel (Mrs.), dress maker
Cocker Thomas, confectioner
Cox Wm. & James, quarry owners
Cross Keys Football Club (Frank Gardiner, hon. secretary), Tredegar Arms, North Risca
Cutler John, grocer
Davies David, farmer
Davies Wm. Benj., grocer, Post office
Emery Jeremiah, shopkeeper
Evans Benjamin, farmer, Doffryn Isha
Evans Evan, flannel maker
Francis Elizabeth A. (Mrs.), Cross Keys hotel
Garland Edward, shopkeeper
Gregory John, Full Moon P.H.
Hackling Jesse, butcher
Holvey Mary (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Hughes David, blacksmith
James James, farmer, Upper Doffryn
James Joseph, house agent & shopkeeper
Jones Eliza (Mrs.), Eagle inn
Jones Frederick, hair dresser
Jones Henry, tinplate worker
Jones James John, grocer, North Risca
Jones John, haulier
Jones Thomas, shopkeeper
Lavaggi Mary Jane (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Lewis Benjamin, butcher
Lewis Thomas, greengrocer
Leyshon Jacob, draper
Lush George, shopkeeper
Mercy Sidney, boot dealer
Morris Mary (Mrs.), farmer, Cwm-nant
Moseley Frederick Gibbs, shopkeeper
Nicholas John, farmer, Full Moon
Orman Simon, clothier
Perkins Mary Ada (Miss), outfitter
Pittway Alfred John, hairdresser
Powell John, shopkeeper
Pritchard William, builder
Pugh Brothers, provision dealers
Roberts Albert, farmer, Gelly-inn
Rogers Arthur, butcher
Sage Hezekiah, The Refuge Insurance Company agent
Sage Thomas Alfred, butcher
Seers Henry, travelling tea dealer
Silverthorn Fitzroy, boot maker
Singleton William John, news agent
Thomas Alfred Nenniah, draper
Thomas Daniel, Tredegar Arms P.H.
Thomas John, shopkeeper
Thomas Thomas, fancy goods dealer
Waters Sophia (Mrs.), dress maker, 33 Bright street
Williams John, farmer, Full Moon
Andrews John, farmer, Pentyn
Atkins Ann (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Baker William, shopkeeper
Beechey George, farmer, Ochrweith
Bendle James, shopkeeper
Benjamin Ivor, shopkeeper
Beresford David, butcher
Bevan James, boot & shoe maker
Bevis Joseph, farmer
Bird Henry John, hair dresser
Britton Robert, confectioner & china dealer
Bryant George, boot & shoe maker
Carpenter David, shopkeeper
Charles Henry, Forge Hammer P.H.
Cullinan Nicholas, M.D.Brux., D.P.H., L.R.C.P. & S.Edin., L.F.P. & S. & L.M.Glas. surgeon & medical officer of health to Risca Urban District Council.
Davies Thomas, butcher
Dawson William, grocer
Dowling Glendover Owen, shopkeeper
Downes Jesse, beer retailer
Duffield Mary (Mrs.), farmer, Ochrweith
Durston Sidney George, butcher
Durston Walter, grocer & baker
Edmunds Edwin, commercial traveller
Evans William John, Crown P.H.
Filer John, grocer
Francis Joseph, boot & shoe dealer
George Theophilus, hair dresser
Giles John Edgar, farmer
Gould John, shopkeeper
Griffin John, butcher
Hackling Jesse, butcher & grocer
Hames John, Tredegar Arms P.H.
Haines Joseph Jones, grocer
Haines William, grocer
Hancock John Edward, watch & clock maker
Harington John, beer retailer
Harris Alfred, farmer
Harris Alfred, tobacconist
Harris Chas. jun., dairyman, Ty-du road
Harris Elijah, butcher
Harris John, confectioner
Harris Thomas, grocer & draper
Harris Thomas Henry, draper
Hiley Sarah & Maria (Misses), drapers
Hodkinson Selina (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Hookings Samuel, beer retailer
Howell Charles, shopkeeper
Howell Edward, plasterer
Howell William, butcher
Hutchings Samuel, baker & grocer
Iggulden John, grocer & draper
Istance Richard, M.R.C.S.Eng , L.S.A., surgeon, certifying factory surgeon & medical officer & public vaccinator, Risca district, Newport union, The Laurels
Jelf Walter, Bridge End P.H..
Jenkins Fred, hair dresser
Jenkins John, greengrocer
Jenkins Morgan, tailor
Jones Elizabeth (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Jones Randolph, beer retailer
Jones Sarah Ann (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Lewis Joseph, carpenter
Lowe Albert, greengrocer
Marsh Thomas, shopkeeper
Mayberry William, beer retailer
Meredith John, farmer, Ty-Melyn frm
Monmouthshire Steel & Tinplate Co. Ltd. (The), steel tinplate bars, steel billets, sheets & black plate manufacturers
Morgan Benjamin, Welsh Oak P.H.
Morgan Elizabeth (Mrs.), beer retailer
Morgan William, Risca House P.H.
Moses Lachman, furniture dealer
Nisbeck Tom, beer retailer
Orman Harry, outfitter
Peppin Edwin, tailor
Phillips John P. & Son, ironmongers
Phillips Thomas, butcher
Phillips Thomas, draper
Phillips Tom, coal dealer
Ponting Bros. boot & shoe makers
Porter William, superintendent of police
Pritchard John, builder
Pritchard William, Masons Arms P.H.
Protheroe John, beer retailer
Risca &, Pontymister Gas & Water Co. (Guy S. Davies, manager)
Samson Robert, farmer, Gelly-Pistall
Samuel Cornelius, beer retailer
Smith Hopkins, farmer, Tyisaf
Smith William, Rolling Mills P.H.
Stanfield Ernest, market gardener
Sutton James, beer retailer
Thomas Charles, beer retailer
Thomas John Henry, draper
Thomas Walter, smith
Thomas Wm., school attendance officer
Volunteer Battalion (2nd) South Wales Borderers (K Co., Capt. T. C. Cross; Sergt. E. Rallison, drill instructor)
Watkins John, greengrocer
Watts Edgar, market gardener
White Henry & Co., steel & iron founders, Pontymister foundry
Williams Albert, grocer
Williams Thomas, boot & shoe maker
Williams William, farmer
Winter Harris Henry, beer retailer
Yearly Dividing Benefit Society (Henry Howe, secretary)
Yendall Thomas, patent medicine vendor & printer
Blandford Thomas, Insurance agent
Davies David, farmer, Pontywain frm
Edwards& Co. furniture dealers
Griffiths John, grocer & baker
Gunn AIexander, grocer
Hayes Sidney, carpenter
Johns William, Flannel manufacturer, Cwm-carne
Jones David, Castle P.H.
Lewis Betsy (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Marsh Edward, confectioner
Mountain William, draper
Onions John Henry, grocer
Roberts James, farmer & miller (water), Cwm-carne
Silverthorn James Robert, boot & shoe maker
Silverthorn Jesse, farmer
Smart Daniel, beer retailer
Thomas Edward, grocer & post office, & agent for W. & A. Gilbey Lim., wine & spirit merchants.
Wathen William, grocer
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