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KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF MONMOUTHSHIRE 1901 - MATHERN

Kelly's Directory for Monmouthshire,1901
The proprietors trust that the present Edition of Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire may be found at least equal in accuracy to the previous ones. Every place in Monmouthshire, and every parish will again be found to be included in the book. The Letters M.O.O. and S.B. are abbreviations adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent Money Order Office and Savings Bank.

MATHERN


MATHERN is a parish, bounded on the south by the Bristol Channel and the road from Chepstow to Newport. The Meurig, or the Mounton brook, runs through the parish and falls into the Channel at St. Pierre Pill: it is 2 miles south-southwest from Chepstow station on the Great Western railway, in the Souihern division of the county, hundred of Caldicot, petty sessional division, union and county court district of Chepstow, rural deanery of Chepstow, archdeaconry of Monmouth and diocese of Llandaff.

Mathern is said to have derived its name from "Merthyr Tewdric" - the martyrdom of St. Tewdric, King of Glamorgan, who died here in the 6th century from the effects of a wound received in battle against the Saxons, and who was afterwards esteemed a saint and martyr; his remains having been interred at this place a church was erected on the spot and dedicated in his honour, and in the chancel is a monument recording these facts.

The church of St. Tewdric or Theodovic is a building of stone partly of the Early English period, with extensive additions in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles, south porch and a very fine and lofty embattled tower with angle turret and pinnacles, built in the last quarter of the 15th century by John Marshall, bishop of Llandaff, and containing 6 bells, all cast by Evans of Chepstow in 1765.

On the north wall of the chancel is a tablet, put up about the beginning of the 17th century by Bishop Godwin in memory of St. Tewdric, whose stone coffin was found beneath this spot by the bishop whilst repairing the church.

During the restoration in 1881-1884 a stone coffin was uncovered here and carefully re-interred with the bones it contained in the same place; according to Godwin, four of the Bishops of Llandaff were buried at Mathern during the period 1516-91, but no monument to any of them remains: there is an old slab in the chancel with an incised cross; in the south aisle is a curious brass with kneeling effigies to Philip Williams, who died 20th May, 1562, and Alice his wife, who died 31st May, 1567.

In the chancel is a large mural monument to Colonel Thomas Hughes, of Moignes Court, governor of Chepstow during the Civil War, who died 22 Aug. 1662. There are besides several floorstones to the Hughes family and numerous other memorals.

The pulpit, and the altar table and its ornaments were given by the Rev. Robert Vaughan Hughes M.A. of Wyelands, at a total cost of 150. The font, presented by the same family, cost 40, and the lych gate was also given by the Rev. R. Vaughan Hughes.

There are three modern stained windows, one of which is a memorial to Mary Anne Mainwaring, wife of the Rev. R. V. Rughes, d. 14 Jan. 1865; and some fragments of old stained glass; the organ was given by.C. F. Abdy Williams esq.; the church was restored in 1881-4, and again in 1890, at a total cost of about 3,500: there are 270 sittings. The register dates from the year 1565.

The living is a vicarage, net income 233, with about 19 acres of glebe, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Llandaff, and held since 1879 by the Rev. Watkin Davies B.A. of St. David's College, Lampeter. The Wesleyans have a place of worship at Pwlmeyric.

Moignes Court was built A.D.1609 near the site of a former mansion, and probably out of the old materials, by Francis Godwin, bishop of Llandaff, 1601-18; the arms of the See of Llandaff and those of Bishop Godwin are carved over the principal entrance: in 1624 it was the property of Colonel Hughes, the parliamentary governor of Chepstow Castle: the fine gateway still remaining is supposed to have been the approach to the original mansion, the site of which and the moat by which it was surrounded may still be distinctly traced in the orchard close by: Moignes Court is the seat and property of,Charles Edward Lewis esq. D.L., J.P.

Near the church is the ancient Episcopal Palace, occupied by the Bishops of Llandaff down to the time of Bishop Bew, who died in 1706; it is quadrangular in plan, and dates from the early part of the 15th century: the chapel, now a granary, retains portions of a fine east window: on removing an old wall in 1851, some human bones, a glass bottle, a key and spurs were found n a recess: it is now the property and residence of Henry Avery Tipping esq.

Wyelands, the seat of the Rev. Robert Vaughan-Hughes M.A. is a handsome modern mansion, well situated in finely wooded grounds, and commanding a wide and beautiful panoramic view of the Channel and the surrounding hills.

Charles Edward Lewis esq. who is lord of the manor, and the Rev. R. Vaughan-Hughes are chief landowners. The soil is of various qualities; subsoil, gravel and clay on limestone, resting on limestone intermixed with sandstone. The chief crops are about one-half grass, the rest corn. The area is 3,466 acres of land, 16 of water, 337 of tidal water and 162 of foreshore; rateable value, Mathern and St. Pierre, 6,022; the population in 1891 was 585 in the civil and 538 in the ecclesiastical parish.

PWLMEYRIC is a large hamlet, a mile north, on the Chepstow and Newport road.

For civil purposes Runston, 1 miles west, and St. Pierre are combined with this parish, and for ecclesiastical purposes Runston, St. Pierre, and Portsewitt are combined with this parish.

Parish Clerk, John Maynard Closs.

Post Office: Mathern, George Morgan, sub-postmaster. Letters received through Chepstow at 8.10 a.m.; dispatched at 6.45; sundays, 10.45 p.m. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. Chepstow is the nearest money order & telegraph office, 2 miles distant.
Wall Letter Boxes at Pwlmeyric cleared at 7.35 p.m. & sundays at 10.30 a.m. ; Mathern village, 6.55 p.m. sundays, 10.55 a.m

A School Board of 7 members was formed in 1875 for the United District of Mathern & St. Pierre, Runston & Mounton; F. Evans, Chepstow, clerk to the board; William Williams, Chepstow, attendance officer.

Board School (mixed) (re-established in the building of the former Endowed School), for 120 children; average attendance, 107. William Buckland, master; Miss Ada Morgan & Miss Elizabeth Maisey, assistant mistresses.

PRIVATE RESIDENTS.
Adams Samuel, Hill side, Pwlmeyric
Atkins Miss, The Cottage, Pwlmeyric
Clive Robert, Brynderwen
Davies Rev. Watkin B.A. The Vicarage
Dowle Miss, Rose cottage, Pwlrneyric
Evans Lieut.-Col. James Fothergill (coroner for the Manor of Chepstow), Pwlmeyric lodge
Evans James J.P., Pwlmeyric lodge
Evill Walter, Brynderwen
Evill Charles (deputy coroner for the Manor of Chepstow), Brynderwen
Francis George Carwardine, St. Tewdric
Jones Mrs. T. B. Pwlmeyric house
Lewis, Charles Edward D.L., J.P., Moignes court
Prosser Mrs. Ann, Newton court
Stanton Joseph Wilfred, M,A., Mathern house
Tipping Henry Avery, The Palace
Tipping Mrs. The Palace
Vaughan-Hughes Rev. Robert M.A., Wyelands

COMMERCIAL
Allen Dinah (Mrs.), shopkeeper & baker
Benjamin John, New inn, Pwlmeyric
Edwards James, miller (water)
Edwards Thomas, beer retailer
George Arthur, farm bailiff to J.O'Neill esq., High Beech farm
Griffiths William, farmer, Hill farm, Pwlmeyric
Gwinnett James, boot & shoe maker, Hanover cottage, Pwlmeyric
Haines Arthur, builder
Homes William, farmer, Pwlmeyric
Howell Theophilus, wheelwright, Pwlmeyric
Huggett Brothers, farmers & hay dealers, Palace farm
Malpas William, market gardener & farmer, Pwlmeyric
Parkman Frank, farmer, Pwlmeyric
Prewett Noah, farmer, Innage
Price Henry, farmer, Trelleney
Protheroe Thomas Joseph, farmer, Hays Gate farm
Roberts William, builder, Pwlmeyric
Spencer George, blacksmith, Pwlmeyric
Warlow John, farmer, Manor House farm, Crick

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