CROESYCEILIOG and PONTHIR
LLANFRECHFA LOWER is a parish in the Northern division of the county, hundred of Usk, petty sessional division, union and county court district of Pontypool, rural deanery of Caerleon, archdeaconry of Monmouth and diocese of Llandaff.|
The eastern Valleys branch of the Great Western railway from Newport to Blaenavon and Brynmawr has a station at Ponthir in this parish one mile south-east from the village; it is 156½ from London, 5½ north from Newport and 5½ south from Pontypool. Llanfrechfa Lower includes Croesyceiliog and Ponthir.
The church of All Saints is a building of stone in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, north aisle, south porch and a fine embattled western tower containing 6 bells: it was restored in 1872 at a cost of £3,000, and will seat 250 persons. The register dates from the year 1727. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £220, including 27 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Llandaff, and held since 1899 by the Rev Thomas Reynolds BA of St. David's College Lampeter.
There is a Baptist chapel at Croesyceiliog, built in 1836, and seating 350 persons.
At Ponthir are tinplate works. The old Roman road runs alongside the road through Croesyceiliog.
Llanfrechfa Grange, a large mansion in the Elizabethan style, pleasantly situated in a park of about 30 acres and overlooking the Valley, is the seat of Frank Johnstone Mitchell esq. FSA., DL, JP.
Llan-y-ravon, the residence of Alfred Massey Pilliner esq. JP, is a modern mansion in the Gothic style.
John Capel Hanbury esq. of Pontypool, who is lord of the manor, and Richard Laybourne esq. of Newport, and F.J.Mitchell esq. are the principal landowners.
The soil is clay; subsoil, sandstone, with some silurian showing near the church. The chief crops are wheat, barley, oat and roots: there is also good pasturage. The area. is 2,205 acres of land and 16 of water; rateable value, £5,683; the population in 1891 was 1,128.
Sexton: Joseph Brown.
Post Office, Llanfrechfa Lower - William Powell, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from Newport at 7:50 a.m. & 3:10 p.m., dispatched at 8:30 a.m. & 5:10 p.m., weekdays only. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. Nearest money order office is at Ponthir & telegraph office at Caerleon, 3 miles distant.
Post Office, Croesyceilog - Mrs Emily Davies, sub-postmistress. Letters arrive from Pontypool at 8 a.m., dispatched at 4:45 p.m., week days only. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. Pontnewydd is the nearest money order & telegraph office, 2 miles distant.
Post & Money Order Office, Savings Bank and Annuity and Insurance Office, Ponthir - Benjamin Francis, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from Newport, via Caerleon, at 7 a.m., dispatched 8:45 a.m. & 5:35 p.m., weekdays only. Caerleon is the nearest telegraph office, 2 miles distant.
Wall Letter Box, Llan-y-ravon, cleared 7 p.m., week days only.
All Saints Church, Rev. Thomas Reynolds B.A., vicar; 8:00 a.m. & 11:00 a.m. & 6:00 p.m.
Baptist, Croesyceilog, Rev. John D Rees; 11:00 a.m. & 6:30 p.m., Wednesdays 7:30 p.m.
Baptist, Ponthir, Rev. William Ingli James; 11:00 a.m. & 6:00 p.m., Tuesdayss 7:15 p.m
A School Board of 5 members was formed April, 1871, for Lower Llanfrechfa.
National School, Llanfrechfa Lower (mixed), erected in 1862 & enlarged in 1893, for 140 children; average attendance, 88. Thomas Powell, master
County Police: Jacob Goodwin, constable
Railway Stations: Ponthir, Thomas Jones, station master.
(Marked thus * indicates postal address, Pontnewydd, Newport.)