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KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF MONMOUTHSHIRE 1901 - LLANFRECHFA LOWER
Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire,1901
The proprietors trust that the present Edition of Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire may be found at least equal in accuracy to the previous ones. Every place in Monmouthshire, and every parish will again be found to be included in the book. The Letters M.O.O. and S.B. are abbreviations adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent Money Order Office and Savings Bank.
LLANFRECHFA LOWER

including
CROESYCEILIOG and PONTHIR

LLANFRECHFA LOWER is a parish in the Northern division of the county, hundred of Usk, petty sessional division, union and county court district of Pontypool, rural deanery of Caerleon, archdeaconry of Monmouth and diocese of Llandaff.
The eastern Valleys branch of the Great Western railway from Newport to Blaenavon and Brynmawr has a station at Ponthir in this parish one mile south-east from the village; it is 156 from London, 5 north from Newport and 5 south from Pontypool. Llanfrechfa Lower includes Croesyceiliog and Ponthir.
The church of All Saints is a building of stone in the Perpendicular style, consisting of chancel, nave, north aisle, south porch and a fine embattled western tower containing 6 bells: it was restored in 1872 at a cost of 3,000, and will seat 250 persons. The register dates from the year 1727. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value 220, including 27 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of the Dean and Chapter of Llandaff, and held since 1899 by the Rev Thomas Reynolds BA of St. David's College Lampeter.
There is a Baptist chapel at Croesyceiliog, built in 1836, and seating 350 persons.
At Ponthir are tinplate works. The old Roman road runs alongside the road through Croesyceiliog.
Llanfrechfa Grange, a large mansion in the Elizabethan style, pleasantly situated in a park of about 30 acres and overlooking the Valley, is the seat of Frank Johnstone Mitchell esq. FSA., DL, JP.
Llan-y-ravon, the residence of Alfred Massey Pilliner esq. JP, is a modern mansion in the Gothic style.
John Capel Hanbury esq. of Pontypool, who is lord of the manor, and Richard Laybourne esq. of Newport, and F.J.Mitchell esq. are the principal landowners.
The soil is clay; subsoil, sandstone, with some silurian showing near the church. The chief crops are wheat, barley, oat and roots: there is also good pasturage. The area. is 2,205 acres of land and 16 of water; rateable value, 5,683; the population in 1891 was 1,128.

Sexton: Joseph Brown.

POST OFFICES

Post Office, Llanfrechfa Lower - William Powell, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from Newport at 7:50 a.m. & 3:10 p.m., dispatched at 8:30 a.m. & 5:10 p.m., weekdays only. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. Nearest money order office is at Ponthir & telegraph office at Caerleon, 3 miles distant.

Post Office, Croesyceilog - Mrs Emily Davies, sub-postmistress. Letters arrive from Pontypool at 8 a.m., dispatched at 4:45 p.m., week days only. Postal orders are issued here, but not paid. Pontnewydd is the nearest money order & telegraph office, 2 miles distant.

Post & Money Order Office, Savings Bank and Annuity and Insurance Office, Ponthir - Benjamin Francis, sub-postmaster. Letters arrive from Newport, via Caerleon, at 7 a.m., dispatched 8:45 a.m. & 5:35 p.m., weekdays only. Caerleon is the nearest telegraph office, 2 miles distant.

Wall Letter Box, Llan-y-ravon, cleared 7 p.m., week days only.

PLACES OF WORSHIP, with times of Services

All Saints Church, Rev. Thomas Reynolds B.A., vicar; 8:00 a.m. & 11:00 a.m. & 6:00 p.m.

Baptist, Croesyceilog, Rev. John D Rees; 11:00 a.m. & 6:30 p.m., Wednesdays 7:30 p.m.

Baptist, Ponthir, Rev. William Ingli James; 11:00 a.m. & 6:00 p.m., Tuesdayss 7:15 p.m

SCHOOLS

A School Board of 5 members was formed April, 1871, for Lower Llanfrechfa.
Clerk, Edward Lawrence, Tredegar chambers, Newport
Attendance Officer, William Loveday.
Croesyceilog Board, Croesyceiliog (mixed & infants), enlarged in 1893, for 170 children; average attendance, 97 boys & gir1s & 68 infants. Daniel Meiros Evans, master, Mrs. Mary Evans, infants' mistress.

National School, Llanfrechfa Lower (mixed), erected in 1862 & enlarged in 1893, for 140 children; average attendance, 88. Thomas Powell, master

County Police: Jacob Goodwin, constable

Railway Stations: Ponthir, Thomas Jones, station master.


LLANFRECHFA LOWER

PRIVATE RESIDENTS
Harding Theodore, Whitehall
Mitchell Frank Johnstone F.S.A., J.P., Llanfrechfa grange
Pilliner Alfred Massey J.P., Llan-yr-avon
Reynolds Rev. Thomas B.A., Vicarage
Shorthouse George, Fern hill (postal address, Llantarnam, Newport)
Williams George W., Llanfrechfa house

COMMERCIAL
Davies Robt., miller, (water), Llan-yr-avon
Davies Sarah (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Edwards Sylvanus, farmer, Pantrheos
Harris George, farmer
Hillier Lambert, farmer
Hobbs Richard, farm bailiff to J. Ponsford esq., Tyllwydd
Howells David, farmer
Lewis John, carpenter & wheelwright
Morgan John, farmer, Church farm
Morris Martha (Mrs.), farmer, Sklyonnewydd
Prothero Thos. (Mrs.), farmer, Waunypwll
Watkins William,farmer, Glansirhowy
West George, Gate inn
Williams John, farmer, Creigudd


CROESYCEILOG
(Marked thus * indicates postal address, Pontnewydd, Newport.)

PRIVATE RESIDENTS
Dawson Mrs, The Laurels
Evans Wm., 2 Pontnewydd place
Hooper Henry, 3 Pontnewydd place
Lyne Ernest Lewis J.P. Bryn gower
Rees Rev. John D. (Baptist)

COMMERCIAL
Bevan Abram, Upper Cock P.H
Bevan Eliza (Mrs.), shopkeeper
Bufton Hannah (Mrs.), farmer
Darkin Geo.Fredk., manager, Florence pl
Day Ann (Mrs.), beer retailer
Hollister Edwin Osborne, news agent & shopkeeper
Hughes John, market gardener
Hughes Thomas, market gardener
*Jones Jabez, coal merchant, Avon terrace
Jones John Lloyd, shopkeeper
*Jones William, coal merchant, 4 Pontnewydd place
Jones Wm. Henry, farmer, Ashford hall
*Jones Wm. Henry, grocer, Avon terrace
Lewis John, carpenter, wheelwright
Loveday Wm., school attendance officer
Maddy William Mansell, farmer & registrar of births & deaths for the sub-district of Llangibby, Coedllyd
Watkins John, blacksmith
Williams Charles, farmer, Cwmheron
Yendoll Mary Ann (Mrs.), Lower Cock P.H.


PONTHIR

PRIVATE RESIDENTS
Hughes Llewellyn, Gorsafdy
James, Rev. William Ingli (Baptist)
Jones John Michael, Derwlwyn house

COMMERCIAL
Edwards Sylvanus:farmer, Pontyrheos
Francis Benjamin shopkeeper, Post Office
Francis James, insurance agent, Station villas
Harris Thomas, farmer, Candor farm
Jenkins Blanche (Miss), beer retailer
Jenkins John, gun factor
Jenkins Wm. R., clerk, Tycerlyd
Jones Henry, shopkeeper
Jones Thomas. station master
Rice Annie (Mrs.), collector of poor rates for Llanfrechfa Lower
Rogers Sarah (Mrs.), Star P.H
Treharne Mary (Mrs.), Ponthir House P.H.
Waterhouse Bros., tinplate manufacturers
Williams Sarah (Mrs:.), farmer, Gilwern
Wooding Ann (Mrs.), manure agent