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KELLY'S DIRECTORY OF MONMOUTHSHIRE 1901 - ABERSYCHAN
Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire,1901
The proprietors trust that the present Edition of Kelly's Directory of Monmouthshire may be found at least equal in accuracy to the previous ones. Every place in Monmouthshire, and every parish will again be found to be included in the book. The Letters M.O.O. and S.B. are abbreviations adopted by H.M. Post Office to represent Money Order Office and Savings Bank.
ABERSYCHAN

including
VARTEG, CWMAVON, GARNDIFFAITH, GOLYNOS & TALYWAIN

ABERSYCHAN was constituted a civil parish under of the "Local Government Act, 1894" (56 and 57 Vict. c. 73); it now contains Garndiffaith, Pontnewynydd, Talywain and the hamlets of Cefnycrib, Cwm Avon, Cwmffrwdoer, Cwmnantddu, Freehold land, Golynos, Pentrepiod, Snatchwood, Tranch and Varteg.
The village of Abersychan is at the confluence of the Sychan with the Tarfaen or Afon Lwyd. In 1844 it was formed into an an ecclesiastical parish from the civil parish of Trevethin ; it is 163 miles from London; 2 north-west from Pontypool, and has two railway stations, Abersychan on the Eastern Valleys branch of the Great Western railway and Talywain on the London and North Western branch of their line from Brynmawr to Pontypool.
It is in the Northern division of the county , petty sessional division, union and county court district of Pontypool, rural deanery of Blaenau Gwent, archdeaconry of Monmouth and diocese of Llandaff.
The "Local Government Act, 1858" (21 & 22 Vict. c. 98), adopted June 3 1864, included the whole of the parish except Pontypoo1, but under the provisions of the "Local Government Act, 1894," the parish is now governed by the Urban District Council, consisting of eighteen members.
The Abersychan Gas Company, formed in 1870, supplies gas from works near Abersychan railway station; water is obtained from works at Cwm Avon, the property of the Pontypool Gas and Water Co.
The civil parish contains portions of three ecclesiastical parishes viz. Abersychan, St Lukes and Trevethin. The church of St. Thomas, locally in the hamlet of Talywain, is a building in the Early English style, consisting of chancel, nave, aisles and vestry, west porch and a western belfry containing one bell; there are 400 sittings. The register dates from the year 1835.
The living i a vicarage, net yearly value 300, with 1 acres of glebe and residence, in the gift of the vicar of Trevethin, and held since 1877 by the Rev. William Rees Thomas MA. of Jesus.College, Oxford.
There is a Catholic chapel, built in 1863, and dedicated to St. Francis of Asisi, two Baptist chapels one Welsh and one English, and one English and one Welsh Congregational; there is also a Bible Christian chapel and Primitive Methodist and Wesleyan chapels.
Here is a Literary and Scientific Institution, founded 1864, in connection with the Societv of Arts.
The 'G' Company of the 3rd Volunteer Battalion South Wales Borderers was formed here in 1891, and numbers 70 rank and file
There is a police station here for the county constabulary, erected in 1885.
Abersychan House is the residence of Llewelyn Llewelyn Esq., JP, and Glansychan that of William Phillips James Esq., JP.
The soil is gravelly, subsoil, stone. The chief crops are wheat, oats and barley and some land in pasturage. The area is 10,129 acres, rateable value, 43,441, and the population in 1891 was 15,296. The population of the St. Thomas ecclesiastical parish in 1891 was 8,843.

Parish Clerk: Robert Willis.

Post Office, Money Order & Telegraph Office, Telegraph Money Order, Express Delivery, Parcel Post, Savings Bank & Annuity & Insurance Office - Mrs. Elizabeth Brain, subpostmistress.
Letters from Pontypool arrive at 6:30 a.m. and 2:00 p.m. and 5:45 p.m. - for callers only, and & dispatched at 11:15 a.m., 4:20 p.m., 6:35 p.m. & 7:15 p.m.

URBAN DISTRICT COUNCIL
Offices, Literary Institution.
Council day, third tuesday in each month at 3:00pm.

Members
Nicholas Benjamin, Chairman.

Alfred H Bailey
Wm. Barrett
Arthur Davies
Frd.H.Davies
Thomas Hedges Deakin
Thomas Evans
Wm. J. James
Isaac Jeffries Edward Jones
John Daniel Jones
Morgan Lewis
Llewellyn Llewellyn Esq
Thomas Mathews
John Reese Morgan
Wilfred Wilson MD
Wm. Brown Mitchell

Officers.
Clerk: Wm. Hy. Vipond Bythway, Hanbury Road.
Treasurer: William Collins, Lloyds Bank Lim., Pontypool.
Medical Officer of Health: John Watson Mulligan MD, MCh, JP, The Hawthorns.
Surveyor: Enoch Cooke, Brynteg House.
Sanitary Inspector: Robert James, High St.
Collector: Edward Pritchard, Rose Cottage.

County Police Station: Sergt. Geo. Groves, & 6 constables.
Fire Brigade: Enoch Cooke, captain.

Schools
Board School(mixed) (under Trevethin school board), built in 1855 for 800 children, enlarged 1893 for 900; average attendance, 420 boys & girls & 300 infants. David Sadwrn Thomas, master, Mrs. Margaret Waters, infants' mistress

Catholic School, (mixed), built 1863 (as chapel & school), for l00 boys & girls & 60 infants; average attendance, 80 boys & girls & 50 infants. Miss Norah Hennessy, mistress.
Railway Station: Thomas Heaven, station master

CWMAVON is a hamlet, with station on the Great Western railway, 5 miles north from Pontypool and one mile north-east from Blaenavon. The inhabitants are employed in the neighbouring collieries.
Railway Station: George E. Martin, station master

GARNDIFFAITH is a village, in this parish, half a mile north from Talywain station on the London and North Western railway and 3 miles north from Pontypool. Here are Calvinistic, Primitive Methodist, Wesleyan, and Bible Christian chapels . The 'B' Company of the 3rd Volunteer South Wales Borderers, was formed here in 1859, and numbers 120 rank and file.

Post Office, M.0.0. & S.B. & Annuity & Insurance 0ffice - Richard Herbert, sub-postmaster
Letters through Pontypool arrive at 6:45am & 2:00pm, dispatched at 6:00pm. The nearest telegraph office is at Talywain, 1 mile distant.
County Police Station, John Jones, constable.
Board School (mixed & infants) (under Trevethin school board), built in 1875 for 494 children ; average attendance, 461 ; George Millard, master. Mrs Millard, mistress.

GOLYNOS is a hamlet adjoining the Varteg, about half a mile south-west from Talywain railway station and 4 northwest from Pontypool. Here are the mining works of the Lower Varteg Colliery Co Limited.
Letters through Pontypool arrive at 6:00 am. Talywain is the nearest money order & telegraph office, 1 mile distant.

TALYWAIN is a hamlet, and has a joint station of the London and North Western and Eastern Valley section of the Great Western railway, about 2 miles north from Pontypool. Here is a Baptist chapel.

Post Office, M.0. & T.0., T.M.0., Express Delivery, Parcel Post, S.B. & Insurance & Annuuity & Telephone Exchange 0ffice-Llewelyn Barnfield, sub-postmaster.
Letters arrive from Pontypool at 5:35am & 1:30pm, dispatched at 6:25pm.
Pontnewynydd and Trevethin will be found under separate headings.

VARTEG is a hamlet, with a station on the Abersychan section of the London and North Western railway, about 5 miles north from Pontypool. Here are Wesleyan and Primitive Methodist Chapels.
On the Varteg mountains are the extensive mining and colliery works of Messrs.John Vipond and Co Limited.
At Lower Varteg there are also other collieries belonging to the Lower Varteg Co Limited.

Post Office, M.O. & T.O., S.B. & Annuity & Insurance 0ffice - Edward Webster, subpostmaster. Letters arrive from Pontypool at 5:55am & dispatched at 5:20pm. The nearsest telegraph office is at Talywain, 2 miles distant.

Board School (under Trevethin School Board), for 289 children, originally an old Wesleyan chapel; an infant school house has been added ; average attendance, 220; Alfred E. Pugh, master. Mrs.Charlotte Hankins, mistress.

Railway Station: Alfred Griffiths, station master.
Wagonettes to Pontypool run every half-daily (Sundays excepted), from Abersychan.

PLACES OF WORSHIP, with times of Services:-
Abersychan
St Thomas' Church, Rev. William Rees Thomas, MA, vicar. 11:00am & 6:30pm, Wednesdays 7:30pm.
St. Francis of Assisi Catholic, served from Pontypool; 9:00am & 11:00am & 6:00pm. Daily, 7:00am & 7:00pm.
Baptist (English); 11:00am & 6:00pm. Mondays and Thursdays; 7:30pm
Baptist (Noddfa) (English & Welsh), Rev.M.Moses, 11am & 6pm
Bible Christian, Rev. Thomas Nicholas; 11am & 6pm. Wednesdays, 7:30pm.
Congregational, Rev. John Llechryd Jones, 11am & 6 pm, Tuesdays, 7:30pm.
Congregational (English & Welsh), 11am & 6pm, Wednesdays, 7:30pm.
Primitive Methodist, 11am & 6pm, Wednesdays, 7:00pm.
Wesleyan, Rev. John Herbert Tite, 11am & 6pm, Tuesdays, 7:30pm.
Calvinistic Methodist, 10:30am & 6pm, and daily 7:00pm.
Congregational (Sardis), Rev David Morgan Davies. 11am & 6p.m, and Mondays & Wednesdays, 7:30pm.
Primitive Methodist, 11am & 6pm
Wesleyan, Rev. John Herbert Tite, 11am & 6pm, and Wednesdays, 7:30pm.

Talywain
Baptist (Pisgah), Rev. John Morgan, 11am & 6pm, and Wednesdays, 7:30pm.

Varteg
Primitive Methodist, 11am & 6pm, & Thursdays 7:15pm
ABERSYCHAN

PRIVATE RESIDENTS
Arthur Wm. Pear Tree place
Bendall Enoch, The Refuge
Cooke Enoch, Brynteg house
Cooke Mrs High st
Cooke Tom, Pear Tree place
Daniel John JP. Sunnybank
Davies John, Wood View
James William Phillips, JP, Glansychan
Jones Benjamin, Manor road
Jones Rev John Llechnyd (Cong.) The Manse
Llewelyn Llewelyn CE, JP, Abersychan house
Lloyd Mrs. Birch house
Morgan Joseph, Rose cottage
Moses Daniel, Rose cot ., High St.
Mulligan John Watson MD, VD, JP, The Hawthorns
Powell Mrs Pentwyn
Rogers Levi, Somerset house
Scree Thomas, Rose cottage
Smith Frank A, Tybryn, High St.
Thomas Rev. William Rees M.A., The Vicarage
Thomas William
Tite Rev John Herbert (Wesleyan), Wesley manse
Witchell William Brown, Brynderwen

COMMERCIAL
Abersychan Co-operative Soc. Ltd. (John Maggs, Manager) High St.
Abersychan Gas Co (Fras..A. Smith,sec)
Arthur William, builder
Banfield George, New Inn
Bendall Enoch. Boot & shoe manufacturer, furniture dealer, general & furnishing ironmonger &c, High St
Bowen Margaret (Mrs), Shopkeeper
Brain Elizabeth (Mrs), stationer & post office
Bryant Wm. shopkeeper, 152 High St.
Buckley Sarah (Miss), stationer
Cash & Co. boot & shoe dealers, 120 High st
Chapman Edward, Bell hotel, High St.
Chappell Wm Hy Queen PH, High St.
Churchill John, shopkeeper, Union St.
Cleaves Wm shopkeeper, 131 High St
Cooke Enoch, surveyor to Abersychan Urban District Council, Brynteg ho.
Coombs Leonard, watch maker, High St.
Curtis Wm., beer retailer, Union St.
Daniel John & Son, grocers, Crane St. & High St.; & The Cross
Davies Arthur, coal dealer,Pear Tree rd
Davies Elizabeth (Mrs), shopkeeper, Union street
Davies Martha (Mrs), beer retailer, Pear Tree road
Davies W & A, carpenters & builders, High street
Davies Daniel Seys, Lion P H & brewery
Davies Sarah (Mrs), grocer, 35 High st
Evans Alfred, hairdresser, Station st
Fellows Francis James, ironmonger
Gibbons Ernest, shopkeeper, Pear Tree road
Gilbert Philip, beer retailer, High st
Gillman William, Union PH
Godwin Henry, beer ret 140 High st
Gough, Geo., Greengrocer, Broad St.
Gregory, J & Co., red & firebrick makers & colliery proprietors, Pentroys
Griffiths Brothers drapers
Griffiths Wm, farmer
Groves George, Police-Sergeant, Police Station
Hodder, Obed., butcher
Hodder, Wm., butcher, 137 High St.
Hoskins & Llewelyn, colliery proprietors
Holcombe, Fredk. John, Blacksmith, Broad st
Howells, James P., u ndertaker, High st.
Hughes, Mary (Mrs.), shopkeeper, High st
Ingles, Llewellyn, boot maker, High st.
James & Emanuel, colliery proprietors.
James, Thomas, sen. watch maker & furniture dealer, 99, High st.
James, William, grocer & provision merchant, Church road.
James, William Robert, sanitary inspector to the Urban District Council.
Jenkins, Philip Stephen, shoe maker, High st
Jones, David, herbalist.
Jones, John, shopkeeper, High St.
Jones, Samuel, shopkeeper, Union Rd.
Jones, William. builder, undertaker, &c, Broad st.
Keinsie, Henry, shopkeeper, High st.
Langley, Biathan, shopkeeper, Station rd.
Langley, Israel, beer retailer
Lewis, William, Rising Sun PH
Lewis, Wm. grocer & draper, Station rd
Literary & Scientific Institution (Philip S. Jenkins, librarian)
Llewelyn Llewelyn, colliery proprietor
Lewis, Wm. grocer & draper, Station st (firm, Hoskins & Llewelyn)
Long, William, shopkeeper
Maliphant, Wm., relieving officer, High st
Maggs Charles, grocer, 47 High st.
Marshall Thos., shopkeeper, High st.
Martin Selina (Miss), shopkeeper, High st.
Miles, Enoch, blacksmith
Miles Henry John, greengrocer, 116 High St.
Mitchell, George, carpenter & shopkpr
Morgan, Joseph,beer retailer, Station st
Morgan, Thos., beer retailer, 148 High st.
Morgan, Thomas, grocer, 36 High st
Mulligan, John Watson M.D. & M.Ch., R.U.I., L.M., R.C.P.I., physician & medical officer of health to the Urban District Council & public vaccinator to the Pontypridd Union &Abersychan Central District, Pontypool Union, The Hawthorns.
Myers, Abel, pawnbroker, 33 & 34 High st.
Needs, John, plasterer, High st.
Owen, Edward, beer ret., 130 High st.
Palmer, James, beer retailer, High st.
Parker, Richard J. T. farmer, Pen-y-las-garn House
Parry, Stephen, grocer, 23 High st
Pepler, Charles, beer retailer, High st
Perry, Elizabeth (Mrs.), draper,High st
Perrett, John, beer retailer, High st
Partridge, Jones & Co. Lim., (Edward Jones, managing director) colliery proprietors
Powell, Mark, grocer, Pear Tree road
Pontypool & District Licensed Victuallers & Beer House Keepers' Association (Harry Yendoll, pres. ; Wm. Hy. Chappell, sec.), Queen's PH, High st. Pritchard Edward, collector to Urban District Council, Rose cottage
Price John E. shopkeeper, High street
Provis Joseph, insurance agent, High st
Rawlings Edmund,butcher, 126 High st
Rees Wm. school attendance officer for Trevethin School Board
Roach Charles, hair drsr. 4 Station st
Rogers Annie (Mrs.), shpkpr. High st
Saxon Bros builders, High street
Seaborne Richard, beer ret. Union st
Search William, Bush PH
Small John, boot maker, 49 High st
Smith Charles, Twynyffrwd Inn
Smith William, hardware & general dealer, High street
Sparkes H.A. (Miss), confectioner, Church road
Stephens Sarah (Mrs.), grocer, High st
Stone James, cowkeeper, Quarry farm
Taylor Martha (Mrs), hair dresser, High street
Thomas Edward Hopkin, proprietor, White Hart hotel; fine billiard room, posting in all branches on the Nat. Tel. Co.; one minute's walk from the station; RAOB lodge meets here every Tuesday
Thomas Jacob, beer retailer, Station st
Thomas James, shopkeeper, High st
Thomas Samuel, grocer & provision merchant, Pear Tree road
Thomas Wm. boot maker Station st
Thomas Wm. chemist, Union street
Thomas William Bevan, tailor, 27 High st
Tratt Arthur C. (Mrs), shopkeeper, 57 High st
Trollope William, shopkpr 138 High st
Tucker Alfred, shopkeeper, Broad st
Underwood Catherine (Mrs.), & Fredk. tinplate workers
Volunteer Battalion (3rd) SouthWales Borderers ('G' Coy., Lieut. B.J.Williams, commanding)
Watkins, Frederick, china dealer, 48 High st
Watkins, William Thomas, painter & paperhanger
Wayman, Alfred, beer retailer, High st
Wheeler Elizabeth (Mrs.), butcher, Station st
Wheeler Geo. (Mrs,), farmer & butcher
Williams Thomas, butcher
Witchell William Brown & Co. Ltd.,South Wales boot works

CWM-AVON
Davis, Mrs. Beili Glas
Edmonds, Mrs., Cwm-Avon house
Sayce, Walter

COMMERCIAL.
Ball, Anthony, farmer
Blaydon, James, farmer
Brace, James, file cutter
Bull, William, farmer
Davies, Margan, farmer
Davies, William, farmer
Edwards, Jane (Miss), farmer
Evans, William, farmer
Fowler, James, cowkeeper
Holloway, Thomas, farmer
James, Ann, beer retailer
Jones, Benjamin, farmer
Rodgers, Elijah, cowkeeper
Rowlands, Evan, farmer
Watkins, Louis, farmer
Williams, William, farmer

GARNDIFFAITH
Deakin Thomas H Rock villa
Verity Abraham Robt. V D. Rosemoderis house
Wilson Wilfred MD Neville house

COMMERCIAL
Cokham Thomas, baker
Coles Frederick, beer retailer
Collier William, beer retailer
Daniel John, provision dlr High st
David Arthur, beer retailer
Frost Edward, White Hart PH
Garndiffaith Co-operative Soc. Ltd (James Silcox, manager)
Griffin Samuel, draper
Herbert Richard, grocer, & agent W & A Gilbey Lim. wine & spirit merchants, & draper, & Post office
Jones Walter, butcher
Lewis David, grocer & draper
Lewis James, beer retailer
Lockyer John, shopkeeper
McCarthy James, Crown PH
Richards Mary Jane (Miss), beer retailer
Richards Eden (Mrs), butcher
Rosser John, shopkeeper
Roynon Charles (Mrs), grocer
Smith William, shopkeeper
Templar Frederick, boot maker
Verity Abraham Robert M.R.C.S.Eng., L.S.A. surgeon & certifying factory surgeon, Rosemoderis House
Volunteer Battalion (3rd) South Wales Borderers ('B' Coy. Lieut. Arthur K. Edmonds, commanding)
Weeks Alfred, grocer
Williams John, beer retailer
Wilson Wilfred M.D.& CM (Edin.) surgeon
Winston Charles, shopkeeper

GOLYNOS
Richards William
Hoskins & Llewellyn, Colliery Proprietors

TALYWAIN
Davies Rev. David Morgan (Congregational), Bryn terrace
Lewis John, Graigwen
Morgan Rev. John (Baptist), 39 Commercial road
Morgan Joseph,Rose cottage
Skyrme Mrs. J., Talywain house

COMMERCIAL
Barnfield Llewelyn, grocer & provision dealer & post office
Courtney, George, grocer
Cook, Charles, beer retailer
Davies, Annie (Mrs.), stationer &c
Davies James, grocer &c
Elliott, Daniel, Commercial Inn
Harris, John, beer retailer
James, Mary, (Mrs.) beer retailer
Meecham, Morris, grocer
Morgan, Henry, Golynos P H
Price, George, beer retailer
Pugh, Thomas, grocer & butcher
Roberts, Mary, (Mrs.) beer retailer
Roberts, Wm., lamp and general dealer
Rogers, Eli, British Constitution PH
Scarlet Ferric Oxide Co., chemical manufacturers, (Trevor Phillips C.N. Manager
Wright, Jane (Mrs.) beer retailer
Young, Elizabeth, (Mrs.), The Albert PH

VARTEG

Cooke Weed, furnace house
Davies, Andrew, JP, MD, Brynonen ho
Hall, Richard, Cwmffrwd house
Brace, Benjamin, shopkeeper
Herbert, Richard, grocer &c.
Lewis, David, Graigddu farm
Lower Varteg Colliery Co Ltd. (Thos. H. Deakin, managing director)
Probert, Abitha, (Mrs) grocer
Villiers, Georgina, (Mrs.), The Crown PH
Vipond, John & Co. Ltd., colliery proprietors (Frederick H. Davies, sec.)
Webster, Edward, boot maker & post office.