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William Hayden English (27 Aug 1822 - 7 Feb 1896)
migration: Lexington, Scott Co., Indiana - Indianapolis, IN
Representative, William Hayden English was born in Lexington, Indiana. He was the son of Elisha G. English and Mahala Eastin. He was educated in a district school and attended Hanover College in Indiana. English then studied law and at the age of eighteen was admitted to the bar. He was associated with Joseph Marshall for a short time, but then received a clerkship in the United States Treasury Department, which he held until 1848.

William English was secretary of the Indiana State Constitutional Convention in 1850, and the following year was a member of house of representative. He was elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-third and the three succeeding Congresses 1853-1861. Representative English was also Regent of the Smithsonian Institution during this time.

After his retirement from Congress he moved to Indianapolis. English was firmly opposed to secession and did his best to dissuade southern congressmen. In 1863 he founded the First National Bank of Indianapolis of which he remained president for fourteen years.

During the Democratic National Convention at Cincinnati, Mr. English was nominated for the Vice Presidency on the ticket of Hancock and English. They were unsuccessful against Garfield and Arthur. From that time he devoted his interests to state and local activities.

William Hayden English published several historical studies including, "Conquest of the North West" and "life of George Rogers Clark". William married Emma M. Jackson in 1847 and there were two surviving children: William E. and Rosalind. William Hayden English died in Indianapolis.

Source_bio 1:
American Genealogical Research Institute
Heritage Press, Inc.
Washington, D.C.; 1978


William Hayden ENGLISH, lawyer, born in Lexington, Scott County, Indiana, 27 August 1822. His father, Elisha G. English, one of the pioneers of Indiana, was honored with many public trusts during a period of forty years.

William was educated in the common schools and at Hanover College, studied law, and was admitted to practice in the U. S. Supreme Court before he was twenty-three years of age. He served as deputy clerk of his native County, and as postmaster of Lexington, before reaching his majority. In 1843-1844 he was a principal clerk in the Indiana House of Representatives, he was principal secretary of the State convention of 1850, which framed the constitution of Indiana, and was a member and speaker of the first House of Representatives after its adoption in 1851.

Mr. English was a clerk in the U. S. treasury department during Polk's administration, and held a clerkship in the U. S. Senate about, 1850. He was elected to congress in 1852 as a Democrat, and served from 1853 till 1861, when he resigned and engaged in banking. He was prominently identified with the legislation of that period, and was the author of a compromise measure, in relation to the admission of Kansas as a state, which became a law, and was a prolific theme of controversy in the heated political contests of that day, under the name of "the English bill."

From 1853 till 1861 he was one of the regents of the Smithsonian institution in Washington, D.C. In 1880 Mr. English was unanimously nominated for vice president, on the ticket with General Hancock, by the Democratic national convention. He is president of the Indiana historical society, and author of an historical and biographical work on the constitution and lawmakers of that state (Indianapolis, 1887).


Source_bio 2:
Edited Appletons Encyclopedia
Copyright © 2001

ENGLISH, William Hayden, (father of William Eastin English), a Representative from Indiana; born in Lexington, Scott County, Ind., August 27, 1822; pursued classical studies at Hanover (Ind.) College; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1846 and commenced practice at Lexington, Ind.; principal clerk of the State house of representatives in 1843; clerk in the United States Treasury Department at Washington, D.C., 1844-1848; secretary of the Indiana State constitutional convention in 1850; member of the State house of representatives in 1851 and 1852 and served as speaker; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-third and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1853-March 3, 1861); chairman, Committee on Post Office and Post Roads (Thirty-fifth Congress); Regent of the Smithsonian Institution 1853-1861; moved to Indianapolis, Ind., at the end of his congressional term; unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States on the Democratic ticket in 1880; author of several books; died at his home in Indianapolis, Ind., February 7, 1896; interment in Crown Hill Cemetery.
source:Schimmel, Elliott L. "William H. English and the Politics of Self-Deception, 1845-1861." Ph.D. dissertation, Florida State University, 1986.

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