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Earl English (18 Feb 1824 - 11 Jan 1895)
migration: Crosswicks, Burlington County, New Jersey - Washington, D.C.
Navel officer Earl English was born 18 February 1824 in Crosswicks, New Jersey. By the year 1840 he was appointed midshipman from his native state of New Jersey and was attached to the line battle ship Columbus until December of that year and was then ordered to the frigate Constellation making the cruise to the East Indies and around the world, arriving home in 1844. He was attached to the Princeton on gun practice in 1844-1845 and studied at the Navel Academy for a year graduating in 1846. Earl English was then ordered to the frigate Independence and was employed on the Pacific station during the Mexican War. Subsequently, he made a years cruise in the West Indies aboard the Vixen. He then joined the Southampton for two years of special service in the Pacific and California.

On his return English joined the Dolphin in 1853 for deep-sea soundings, between the United States and England. English was promoted to lieutenant commander in 1855 and joined the coast survey. He was then attached to the Levat for the East India squadron and took part in the capture of the Barria Forts on the Canton River. He was seriously wounded there, and on his return he joined the Wyoming and went to the Pacific station where he remained until the outbreak of the Civil War. During the War he commanded the Somerset and Sagamore in the east coast squadron. In 1864 Commander English had charge of the Wyalusing in the sounds of North Carolina. At the Wars end he was ordered to the Brooklyn Navel Yard until 1866 when he took command of the Iroquos and returned to the East India station.

Earl English returned home in 1870 and was on special service to Admiral Porter of Portsmouth. He was made a captain in 1871, and three years later he took command of the Congress, joining the European fleet. He returned home in 1876, and as senior naval officer afloat Captain English participated in the Centennial Celebration at Philadelphia. In July of that year he became commandant of the Portsmouth navel station where he remained for two years. At that time he was appointed chief of the bureau of equipment and recruiting. English became commodore in 1880. He resigned from the bureau in 1884 and was appointed rear admiral taking command of the European station.

Admiral English retired in 1886. He died 11 January 1895 in Washington, D. C. leaving two children and a widow.

Source_bio 1:
American Genealogical Research Institute
Heritage Press, Inc.
Washington, D.C.; 1978


Earl ENGLISH, naval officer: born in Crosswicks, Burlington County, New Jersey, 18 February 1824. He was educated in Trenton, New Jersey, and entered the naval service, 25 February 1840. His first cruise was in the U.S. frigate "Constellation" around the world, returning after an absence of four years, then being ordered to the naval academy in Annapolis, where he was graduated in 1846. He joined the U.S. frigate "Independence" and was actively employed on the Pacific coast, principally in California. He was at the capture of Mazatlan, Mexico, in November 1847, and remained there till the close of the Mexican war in 1852 he was attached to the U. S. brig "Dolphin" which was engaged in "deep sea soundings" across the Atlantic Ocean from Newfoundland. He was appointed master, 1 March 1855, and lieutenant on 14 September 1855. In 1857 he cruised in the East Indies, and took part in the engagement with the barrier forts, seven miles below Canton, China, in which he was wounded.

He was made lieutenant commander, 16 July 1862, and served throughout the civil war, being employed principally in the Gulf of Mexico and the sounds of North Carolina, and commanding at different periods the " Somerset," " Sagamore," and "Wyalusing." In 1866 he was appointed commander, and after the war served four years on the East India station, he was then employed in Japanese waters during the struggle that resulted in the overthrow of the Tycoon. When the latter was defeated at Osaka, 13 February 1868, he received him on board the "Iroquois," which was then anchored in the Osaka River. He was commissioned captain, 28 September 1871, commodore, 25 March 1880, and rear admiral, 4 September 1884, at which time he resigned the office of chief of the bureau of equipment and recruiting, which he had held for six years. He then took command of the European station, and was retired, 18 February 1886.

Source_bio 2:
Edited Appletons Encyclopedia
Copyright © 2001


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