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ENGLISH Heraldry Forum
Symbolism - Coat of Arms / Crests

"According to Burke's General Armory, there are over ten different Coat of Arms belonging to the various branches of the ENGLISH family. One of the earliest was described as follows:

"Argent on a chevron gules between three lions rampant sable as manu lozenges of the field"

The Chevron signifies protection and has often been granted in arms as a reward to one who has achieved something notable. It was supposed to represent the roof of a house, and may have been given to those who built churches or fortresses, or who accomplished some work of faithful service.

The Lion signifies courage.

The Lozenge (or diamond) represents honesty and constancy; it was also associated with noble birth.

Argent = white or silver; gules = red; sable = black.

Above the shield and helmet is the family crest, which is described: "A branch of a rose tree, flowers gules, leaves and stalks ppr."

Translated, this means red roses on a branched stalk, with leaves and stalk naturally colored.


James P. Wolf adds "I have created an English coat of arms
(above) from your description. Unfortunately no crest included.
Feel free to use it if you like."

Heraldry is a system of signs and symbols which originated
in the Middle Ages as a means of recognizing warriors on
the battlefield. Since armour or coat of mail was invariably
worn, there was no difficulty distinguishing friend from
foe even at some distance, for each man bore a shield of
a unique design. (Joseph C. Wolf)

Symbolisms of Heraldry

Offsite Web site linkswith a list of symbolisms have been excerpted
from W. Cecil Wade's "The Symbolisms of Heraldry or A Treatise on the
Meanings and Derivations of Armorial Bearings".
Published in London in 1898.

Offsite Links

N o t e s on H e r a l d r y - by Joseph C. Wolf



Ron writes:
"I don't know too much about the crest I sent you except it
is associated with the Irish branch of the English family from which I
descend as far as I can tell from research on my greatgreatgrandfather,
Captain John George English, who claimed in the Nova Scotia census that
he was Irish."

"The field of the crest is white and the objects at the top are 3 sea
shells which I am told represent 3 major sea voyages (probably crusades
to the "holy land") but, I have not been able to find out any more about
it as of yet in the public domain. There are some commercial vendors who
claim to have the history of the family and crest who will sell it but I
haven't chosen to do that yet.


Eileen's POV: The first thing that you have to know about Coat-of-Arms and Heraldry is that the crest was NOT for the surname. A Coat-of-Arms was earned by an individual. Don't get scammed by those who would sell you a phony crest.


From Ingrid: Virginia Heraldica being a Registry of Virginia Gentry Entitled to Coat Armor with Genealogical notes of the families by William Armstrong Crozier Vol. V: "English, Lancaster county. Arms: Four martlets, three and one. Will of Alexander English, dated 23 Jan 1685, prob. 10 March 1696, Lancaster. He mentions his brother Mr. William English in England. The will is sealed with a wax impression bearing the above arms.

The will of another Alexander English in same county, dated 16 Dec, 1696,
prob. 14 Apl., 1697, leaves a small estate to Joseph, son of William and
Susana Paine. This will is sealed with a duplicate of the above arms, so
that it is evident there was some degree of relationship between them.
There are, however, no arms given in the English records in the name of
English, which have four birds as charges." Page 8.

Page 29: "Inglis, Williamsburg: Arms: Gules on a bend, three eagles
displayed, between two (unidentified) charges. (Ludwell MS.) A wax seal of
arms is on a deed dated 1700 of Mungo Inglis, He was the first Grammar
Master of William and Mary College, and one of the feofees of Williamsburg."


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