to Burke's General Armory, there are over ten different Coat
of Arms belonging to the various branches of the ENGLISH family.
One of the earliest was described as follows:
"Argent on a chevron gules
between three lions rampant sable as manu lozenges of the
The Chevron signifies protection and has often been granted in arms as
a reward to one who has achieved something notable. It was
supposed to represent the roof of a house, and may have been
given to those who built churches or fortresses, or who accomplished
some work of faithful service.
The Lion signifies courage.
The Lozenge (or diamond) represents honesty and constancy; it was also
associated with noble birth.
Argent = white or silver; gules = red; sable = black.
the shield and helmet is the family crest, which is described:
"A branch of a rose tree, flowers gules, leaves and stalks
Translated, this means
red roses on a branched stalk, with leaves and stalk naturally
Heraldry is a system of signs and symbols which originated
in the Middle Ages as a means of recognizing warriors on
the battlefield. Since armour or coat of mail was invariably
worn, there was no difficulty distinguishing friend from
foe even at some distance, for each man bore a shield of
a unique design. (Joseph C. Wolf)
"I don't know too much about the crest I sent you except
is associated with the Irish branch of the English family
from which I
descend as far as I can tell from research on my greatgreatgrandfather,
Captain John George English, who claimed in the Nova Scotia
he was Irish."
"The field of the crest
is white and the objects at the top are 3 sea
shells which I am told represent 3 major sea voyages (probably
to the "holy land") but, I have not been able to
find out any more about
it as of yet in the public domain. There are some commercial
claim to have the history of the family and crest who will
sell it but I
haven't chosen to do that yet.
Ingrid: Virginia Heraldica being a Registry of Virginia Gentry Entitled
Armor with Genealogical notes of the families by William Armstrong
Vol. V: "English, Lancaster county. Arms: Four martlets,
three and one.
Will of Alexander English, dated 23 Jan 1685, prob. 10 March
Lancaster. He mentions his brother Mr. William English in
will is sealed with a wax impression bearing the above arms.
The will of another Alexander
English in same county, dated 16 Dec, 1696,
prob. 14 Apl., 1697, leaves a small estate to Joseph, son
of William and
Susana Paine. This will is sealed with a duplicate of the
above arms, so
that it is evident there was some degree of relationship between
There are, however, no arms given in the English records in
the name of
English, which have four birds as charges." Page 8.
Page 29: "Inglis,
Williamsburg: Arms: Gules on a bend, three eagles
displayed, between two (unidentified) charges. (Ludwell MS.)
A wax seal of
arms is on a deed dated 1700 of Mungo Inglis, He was the first
Master of William and Mary College, and one of the feofees