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"Women Publicans and the Camp Hotel Whipstick"
by Bruce English
Following on from the posts about women publicans and the Camp Hotel in the Whipstick.
I don't know what Mary Deeming thought but she sold the hotel to my Grt Grt Grandfather John Dolman in 1856.
John Dolman (1813 - 20 Dec 1878) purchased the Camp Hotel, the Whipstick, from a Mrs. Deeming. In June 1862, he was granted the licence for the Hotel after departure of the aforementioned Mrs. Deeming (note: at the time licences were granted in June of each year).
After the purchase, John's wife, Margaret is alleged to have run the Hotel, on her own, while John worked on the diggings and conducted a small store. John is also said to have been a gold buyer but as a lot of the early diggers exchanged their gold dust for supplies this comes as little surprise.
As a storekeeper John must have been somewhat successful as in 1865, he constructed a kiln on the site of the old Camp Hotel at Flagstaff Hill and built a new "Camp Hotel" on the same site made out of the bricks. The building contains 100,000 bricks which cost £1 (pound) per thousand and was valued at £542 at the time of his death. The lime, 25 ton of it was carted by their son John, and came from Bendigo while the timber for the roof was milled in the Whipstick forest and pit-sawn into planks.
The new Hotel & Store contained 11 rooms, the front 3 being the bar, store and dining room, the rest being 5 bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a lounge.
Its is interesting to note that the water supply is a large underground tank which is 20 feet in diameter and 18 feet deep, holding 56,000 gallons. It is unfortunate that given the shortage of water during the gold days of the Whipstick that John did not turn the water to use in 'puddling' gold as this may even have been more profitable than selling beer and spirits.
John Dolman died at the Camp Hotel on 20 December 1878, and his will (Will of John Dolman, late of the Camp Hotel Whipstick near Sandhurst in the Colony of Victoria Publican deceased), details, amongst other things, the following debts due by deceased:

W Bruce Brewer 59.15.6
J Fawns Brewer 24.15.0
GF Hunter Brewer 24.15.0
J Steward Brewer 20.06.6
R Moorhead Wine & Spirit Merchant 19.00.0
D Moorhead 55.00.0

(that's pounds, shillings and pence to the post decimal crew)

They certainly were a thirsty lot!
Gets better though as prior to purchasing the Camp Hotel John already exhibited 'hotelier leanings'...
In 1859, John Dolman was a storekeeper at Beelzebub Gully near Sydney Flat. It is believed that he built a store and named it "Whitehorse Hotel" on North side of Beelzebub Gully, Whipstick,
1860 - Eaglehawk Police Court 8 June and 15 June John was charged with selling illegal liquor from his unlicensed tent at Beelzebub Gully, and selling nobblers of whisky on Sunday (heaven forbid). He was fined 50 Pounds or 4 months. After initially clearing out, leaving his wife to pay
(I think he was merely misunderstood by the constabulary. I suggest that he was providing communion wine for the church services! Give me time to work out what the whisky was for).
John next appears in the Eaglehawk Gazette 8/6/1860:
"John Dolman of Beelzebub Gully was informed against for having sold three knobblers of brandy and several "old toms" (unquote - old tom: a mug with two handles holding a quart) on Sunday last. The case was remanded until Tuesday next for the attendance of council (SIC). Margaret Dolman the wife of John Dolman was charged with being the occupier of a tent where spirituous liquors were illegally sold. Owing to the difficulty of the police obtaining an interview with her husband, he having since returned up, she was discharged."
(family hearsay is that initially he shot through and left Mary to face the music).
From Bendigo Advertiser 15/6/1860:

"John Dolman charged with illegally selling of spirituous liquors was remanded until June 25"
From the Bendigo Advertiser 26/6/1860:

"Illegal Selling of Spirituous Liquors: John Dolman was charged by Constable McGovern with this offence. This case differed from many of those lately brought before the bench inasmuch the defendant not only sold beer but various kinds of spirits, a large quantity of which was found on the premises and the evidence showed that he was doing a thriving trade in the same, and that on a Sunday. The offence was clearly proved - Defendant was fined 50 pound or 4 months and liquor confiscated. The fine was paid. "
Camp Hotel Whipstick photos
Camp Hotel 1960s
Camp Hotel circa 1960s
Camp Hotel 2004
Camp Hotel - 01 Jan 2004

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