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Personal Experience with A Biographical Outline for Joseph Rader and Martha(Rayburn) Rader:

Bear with me everyone, the following information is from my personal research. It is included for the purpose of showing the method I used to put together a biographical outline on Joseph Rader (1790-1880). This information is mostly on my webpage in a different format so I do not mind sharing of this information. The individuals within this example are all deceased. The information listed below concerns several families, many of which I believe that my target ancestor, Joseph Rader, would have known and associated with due to family ties. I have also copied the notes that were listed below the family listing of the individuals in the listing in question.

A. The Beginning of my Search: Secondary Data

When I first started doing the Rader family, I had only a questionable listing of the family of my ancestor, Mariah (Rader) Pickerell, which stated her father was Joseph Rader and her mother was Martha Rayburn. It also stated that Joseph's father was Michael Rader and his mother was Catherine Long. I didn't buy this book, my Uncle had a copy and he copied it for me. I have since seen a copy of this book in the West Virginia Archives collection. This was from a book compiled by Mrs. Mazie Sims Cochran called: "Sims Family History" It was written in May of 1971. This is questionable because of the items that this book contains and the fact that it does not list all the sources of its information. This is copied from a section of the book that deals with the families in question. I did not copy the section that the author placed in here that she called "Excerpts from his <michael>'s application for pension (reason is if you wish to see the full record you just need to go to the "Current Projects" link on my homepage and download the whole zip file):

(pg. 134)
"RADER, Michael
b. 8 Mar 1750, Rockingham Co., Virginia
d. 1 June 1839, Jackson Co., (W) Va; buried on home farm on Gay Road
m. 25 Dec. 1769, Rockingham or Shenandoah Co., Virginia
....LONG, Catherine
....b. 16 Feb. 1753
....d. Jackson Co., (W)Va.; buried on home farm (died after Michael)
Children:
1. Elizabeth, b. 28 Dec. 1771
...................m. 24 Nov. 1791, Shenandoah Co., Va., HOLMAN, Andrew
2. Catharine, b. 29 Dec. 1773
3. Susannah, b. 23 Dec.1776
....................m. KOUNTS (KOONTZ), Michael
4. Abraham, b. 20 Jan. 1779
5. James, b. 28 Jan. 1782
...............d. 12 June 1839
...............m. 6 June 1805, ALLEN, Hannah (Cannady), b. 19 Jan. 1781
.....................................................................................d. 1861
6. Philip, b. 26 Mar. 1784
7. Mary (Polly), b. 18 Feb. 1786
.........................d. 1824
.........................m. RAYBURN, James, b. 11 Oct. 1783
.............................................................d. 8 Aug. 1840; son of Henry
8. Michael, Jr., b. 12 Feb. 1788
........................d. 19 Mar 1867
........................m. 23 Feb. 1813, Gallia, Ohio
.............................ROUSH, Catherine, b. 28 June 1793
9. Joseph, b. 21 Oct. 1790
The Michael Raders lived and farmed in Rockingham, Shenandoah, and for ten years in Greenbrier Counties; then moved to Gay Road, Jackson County, (West) Virginia. Michael was a major in the Revolutionary War and first Justice of the Peace in Mason County, (West) Virginia. The "Rader Lutheran Church" was established at Brocks Gap, Timberville, Rockingham County, Virginia, in 1757 ("Virginia Valley Records" by Wayland). He received $70 per year for his Revolutionary War Service." <excerpt of Rev War pension file would have went here>

(pg. 136)
"RADER, Joseph (son of Michael)
b. 21 Oct. 1790
d. 27 Nov. 1880 in Wirt Co., WVa; buried in Good Hope Baptist Cemetery, near Reedy, Roane Co., WV
m. 8 August 1813 in Mason Co., (W)VA to RAYBURN, Martha
.....b. 9 Nov. 1791, Greenbrier Co., (W)VA
.....d. 15 June 1881, Wirt Co., WV; buried in Good Hope Baptist Cemetery, near Reedy, Roane Co., WV
.....daughter of Henry and Margaret Christal Rayburn
children:
1. Bennett, b. Mason Co., (W)VA
2. Maria, b. 13 Oct. 1815
3. Harriet, b. 15 Dec. 1818
4. Susan, m. THOMASSON, Mordecai
5. Catharine, m. MOUNTZ, Humphrey
6. Nancy, m. ARMSTRONG, Mathias Brown
7. James
8. Philip, b. 1 Aug. 1825, d. Monticello Co., Ind.
............m. CONRAD, Hulda
............children: 2 sons, Henry and Samuel Rudolph
9. William Allen, m. 1. CALLOW, Elizabeth (Betsy); m.2. CONRAD, Elizabeth (sister of Hulda)
10. Andrew Jackson (Jack), m. GIVENS, Sophronia
11. Henry

Joseph Rader was a sergeant in the War of 1812. The Joseph Raders lived on the Elk Fork of Mill Creek, Jackson County, (West) Virginia, and between Reedy and Elizabeth, Roane County, West Virginia."

The individual I was concerned with was his 2nd child, Mariah. According to the listing she was the wife of my Levi Pickerell, Jr. the listing continues:

"RADER, Maria (Mariah?) (daughter of Joseph)
b. 13 Oct. 1815, Mason Co., (W)VA
d. 3 Oct. 1875 in Wirt or Roane Co., (W)VA; buried Good Hope Baptist Cemetery, near Reedy, Roane Co., W.VA
m. 1. 18 July 1833 to WALKER, Macklin,
.........b. 1805, Kanawha Co., (W)VA
.........d. 1844, Jackson Co., (W)VA; buried Rader Cemetery, Gay Road, near U.S. #33, Jackson Co., (W)VA.
.........son of William and Margaret Burdett Walker
m. 2. PICKERELL, Levi Jr.
.........b. 10 Dec. 1822, Fauquier Co., Virginia
.........d. buried Good Hope Cemetery, Roane Co., WVa
.........son of Stephen and Susannah Hit Pickerell (Levi Sr.); Susannah's twin sister Elizabeth Hitt (b. 1790) m. John R. Callow (b. 1774) in Ireland (Wirt county Census 1850)" (end of pg. 136)

(pg. 137 continues this listing)

"Levi Pickerell, Sr. (b. 1774) settled at the mouth of Folly Run, Wirt County, (W) Va., 1833. He came overland from Frauquir County, Virginia, in a one-horse cart. Levi Jr.'s sister, Lucy, married Thomas Maze, son of James Maze.
Children:
(1) 1. William Parkinson (Park) b. 14 May 1834, Kanawha Co., W.Va.
................................................d. 1905
...............................................m. 9 Mar 1855, Nicholas Co., W.Va.
...............................................McCLUNG, Mary Jane, daughter of Alexander and Jane Withrow McClung
.....................Rev. Park Walker was an outstanding minister in W.Va.
2. Samantha - burned to death when a child
3. Elizabeth Catharine b. 3 Aug 1838, Jackson Co., (W) Va.
.................................d. 7 Mar 1896
.................................m. SMITH, Jacob Brown b. 6 Mar. 1837, Kanawha Co., (W) Va
.........................................................................d. 22 Apr. 1896
4. Susan Margaret b. 5 Nov 1840, Jackson Co., (W) Va.
.............................d. 6 Jan 1934
.............................m. 1 Nov. 1860, Roane Co., (W) Va.
..................................SHEPPARD, Addison Hyatt (Hite)
.....................................b. 2 June 1843, Wirt Co., (W)Va.
....................................d. 6 Jan. 1934
....................................son of Rev. Samuel and Amelia Full Sheppard
5. Roselyn b. 1843, Jackson Co., (W) Va.
.................d. 16 Oct. 1927
.................m. May 1864, Wirt Co., W. Va.
.....................SIMS, Henry Madison (Dock) - see Sims listing
(2) 6. Anna Eliza, b. 11 Mar 1849
...........................d. 26 Aug. 1882
...........................m. SIMS, John Wesley - see Sims listing
7. Andrew Jackson (Jack), d. 30 Nov. 1917, about age 65
..........................................m. SIMS, Elizabeth - see Sims listings
8. Martha Ellen, m. STALNAKER, David
9. Harriet Lucinda, b. 23 Mar 1856
.............................d. 21 Sept. 1918
.............................m. 30 Mar 1882
..................................WILLIAMS, Marcellus
10. Mary Sophronia, b. 1851
................................d. 1931
................................m. GEORGE, Peter, b. 1856
................................................................d. 1937
11. Benjamin Franklin, b. 1860
...................................d. 1939
...................................m. 12 Sept. 1880, Roane Co., W.Va.
........................................SEAMAN, Mary F. b. 1861
........................................................................d. 1932
........................................daughter of David and Nancy Seaman
3 other children who died young." (end of pg. 137)
(pg. 138 - my copy of this page is faded in some spots where I cannot read I note in < >)
RADER, Harriett, (daughter of Joseph)
b. 15 Dec. 1818 <cannot see where, but in (W)Va.>
d. 25 July 1902, Burried in Good Hope Baptist Cemetery, Roane Co., W.Va.
m. 8 March 1836 in Jackson Co., (W) Va.
.....(1) ASHLEY, James Madison, brother of Wiley Ashley who married Elizabeth Walker, sister of Macklin Walker
.....(2) SLEETH, Renfrew Salathiel (Welsh descent)
Children (1).
1. Emma Delia, b. Aug. 1840, Kanawha Co., (W) Va.
............................................d. Dec. 1926
............................................m. Roane Co., (W) Va.
................................................SMITH, John D. Lewis, b. 2 Dec. 1840, Kanawha Co., (W) Va.
......................................................................................d. 1871
2. Martha, m. CLINE (?), Girard
3. Benson, m. THORN, Clarissa
4. Albert, m. THORN, Emily
5. Catharine, m. SIMS, Martin Luther (Lute) - see Sims listing

RADER, Samuel Randolph (son of Phillip) - Closest neighbor of Benjamin J. Sims
b. 1853
m. CAIN, Susan Louisa
Children:
1. Vincent
2. George
3. Otto
4. Leander, m. SIMS, Susan, daughter of Charles Monroe SIMS
5. Herbert
6. Laura
7. Estile, m. SIMS, Granville (II), son of Charles Monroe SIMS"

End of listing for RADER FAMILY

Andrew Jackson Pickerell (Mariah's and Levi's child) was my great great grandfather. He married Susan Elizabeth Sims ( I have their marriage record and it lists them as A. J. Pickerell and S. E. Sims). pg. 16 of the same book as above lists the following:

"Information obtained from: "History of Roane County" by Bishop, pg. 654-655

SIMS, Martin W.
b. 12 June 1815, Harrison County, Virginia
d. 15 Feb 1882, Roane County, Virginia; buried Cain's Run, Sims Cemetery
m. 1835
.....WAGGONER (WAGNER), Susannah, b. 1814
children:
1. Granville, b. 1837, Harrison (now Lewis) County, Virginia
2. John Wesley, b. 20 Oct. 1839, Lewis County, Virginia
3. Edward (Ned), d. age 16; drowned in James River in Virginia during Civil War while in military service
4. Minter B., d. 24 Mar 1852 in youth
5. Henry Maddison (Dock), b. 1843, Harrison County, Virginia
6. Perry C. (Pad), d. 1920?
7. Martin Luther (Lute), b. 30 Mar 1856
8. Olive M. b. 2 Mar 1847
9. Mary Eliza (Lizzie), b. May 1849
10. Susan Elizabeth (Bett), b. 14 Nov. 1853

Martin and Susanna Sims lived the first seven years of married life in Lewis County, W. Va., moving to Reedy area, Roane County, in 1845. They bought a farm in 1852 of 900 to 1000 acres from William Sheppard (See Jackson County records). They hired 10 to 15 neighbors to clear and till the land while Martin built and established a store.

During the Civil War, when his sons Granville, John Wesley and Edward (Ned), along with many men of the community went to war, Martin tried to provide for the women and children who were left alone and nearly went broke doing so and had to sell much of his land.

The old Sims Cemetery, located on Cain's Run, is part of the farm where he first settled when he came to the valley of Left Reedy Creek in 1845.

Martin Sims contracted and built part of the Spencer - Ravenswood Pike, which passed through the town of Reedy, not far from his home. He was also part or share-owner of the first steam mill in Roane County; he was a protestant methodist and a democrat, and a carpenter by trade.

Frank and Nelson Sims, brothers of Martin, came to Jackson, Wirt County, W. Va., about 1830 bringing with them Wallace Dobson, whose wife was a Waggoner, sister of Susanna Sims. They were daughters of William Waggoner of Lewis County, W.Va. Their grandfather, John M. Waggoner, was a famous indian fighter and scout of pioneer days and a Revolutionary Soldier. The John Waggoner and John Sims (grandfather of Martin) families were close friends and neighbors for many years, each living in Hardy, Tucker, and Lewis Counties at the same times, according to history and census records. (Taken from "West Virginia and Its People," Vol. 3 and "Sims Genealogy" by Harold D. Somerville of Sandyville, W.Va.)" (end page 16).

B. Proving the Secondary Data:

It seems that most of the research is done doesn't it? well...since this work doesn't contain sources I find it hard to believe that everything is correct in it. Add to the fact that the book states that my Sims family is connected to Tecumsah directly and I just HAVE to question its authenticity. So its on to the courthouse records to prove or disprove the information that is contained in the book.

The first record I look for is Joseph Rader and Martha (Rayburn) Rader's death certificate. It is the latest record that would be found in the lifetime of Joseph Rader and Martha (Rayburn) Rader and being the closest to the present time probably the best bet to get a primary source for the information. Since the book states they both died in Wirt Co., WV that is the first place I look and after looking through the record I find the 2 death certificates. They both are the same date listed in the record above. They also both list the age of Joseph and Martha at the time of their deaths. I can now start my biographical outline.

Example 1: Beginning the biographical outline (putting known data on the individual B/M/D, leaving spaces for known census years that the individual could have been listed in.) Note: I put this in order from death to birth. I will flip it later. If you want to do it the other way you can, I just think it is easier if I do not know the exact date of birth for an individual to start with their death:

1881   15 June   Martha (Rayburn) Rader, died in Big Run, Wirt Co., West Virginia at age 89 years, 8 months and 6 days
(Death Certificate in Courthouse Records of Wirt Co., West Virginia, Book 1, pg. R-1881).
1880   27 November   Joseph Rader, died in Big Run, Wirt Co., West Virginia at age 91 years and 1 month
(Death Certificate in Courthouse Records of Wirt Co., West Virginia, Book 1, pg. R-1880).
1880   Census    
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1792        
1792   Est. November   Martha Rayburn, born to Henry Rayburn and Rebecca Rayburn
(note the listing in Sims book states her name was Margaret Christal, her death record states her mother's name was Rebecca)
1791        
1790        
1790   Census    
1789        
1789   Est. October   Joseph Rader, born to Michael Rader and Catherine Rader
(note: listing in the Sims book states her maiden name is Catherine Long)

This is the simple beginning of the biographical outline. Remember, when you start you may only have one item on the individual, be it death date, marriage date, birth date or even a census listing. As you research the individual further you will be able to fill in the obvious dates for B/M/D's (Birth, Marriages, Death). Your goal is to fill in between the B/M/D dates using any documents that you might find on an individual, including but not only the following: Census records, Children's B/M/D dates, Church Records, Land Records, Probate Records and other significant data. Note that I left a line open for every year that occurred in the timeline of this couple's lifetime. I did that because it helps me find and place new information in the format that I have made for this biographical outline. I've also noted the years of the census records for this individual in the outline.

Remember, if you cannot locate a date, a biographical outline can assist in determining them. For instance, in using an outline, you can estimate the marriage dates by the dates of the birth of the first child known (I use 1 to 2 years before their birth). If the last child was 2 in the census after the mother died (father is listed as widow) you can estimate that she died after the time that the child was born and before the census was taken. Note this is not a definite approach, this is just an estimated time frame for further research. I usually note my Estimates with the word Est. In the spot where my date is usually located.

My next step is to find them in their census records. Upon searching through the census records I discover that the 1790 and 1800 census records were destroyed for Virginia (WV didn't separate till 1864). I add the census records to the outline, look to see when the area was formed and from what counties it was formed and add that to my outline. Then I look at my outline and note any war's or important events that are known to me that occurred during their lifetime. I use the locations found in the census records, when they were formed and where they were formed from to check for other courthouse records and documents that can add to my outline.

The next step is to find out if the individual had any siblings, children and parents and place the B/M/D's that occurred within the lifetime of my target individual in my outline. These would have probably affected his life. If I can I find their estate, wills or find them in the land records, I place the information into the outline as well.

I found a cousin who had a copy of some of the pages from a bible from a great grandson of Joseph Rader and sent me the page on Joseph Rader's family. She did not have a copy of the publication date page for the bible so I have noted the birth of Alton Clyde Rader in the outline. I did this because records from his bible were listed as a source. Since the date of publication is not known for the bible, the fact that Alton Clyde Rader lived during the lifetime of Joseph Rader has relevance in determining the validity of the source.

Then I gathered up all the data I had for Joseph and Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader and placed it into the biographical outline

So now my biographical outline looks like this:

1881   15 June   Martha (Rayburn) Rader, died in Big Run, Wirt Co., West Virginia at age 89 years, 8 months and 6 days
(Death Certificate in Courthouse Records of Wirt Co., West Virginia, Book 1, pg. R-1881).

Note: on death record of Martha Rader, W. A. Rader, a son of Joseph and Martha Rader is listed as the informant. I also believe that he is also the W. A. Rader listed as Assessor on the top of the page. I also believe that he is the same Wm. A. Rader that Martha was living with in the 1880 census. A Record of Fidiciaries lists W. A. Rader, Admr. for Martha Rader (deceased), for $50.00 penalty, with sureties given by A. G. Sheppard on 28 June 1881 in Wirt Co., WV. This is the only record that I have been able to find on their estates. I have not been able to find a record of the estate sale or a will of either Joseph Rader or Martha (Rayburn) Rader.

Note also that on 10 May 1889 in Wirt Co., WV an Executor's bond was recorded for W. A. Rader (deceased of Wirt Co., WV) appointing A. B. Davis, Executor the same A. B. Davis and F. W. Ott and J. W. Dessue (maybe Defue or Depue) signed this executor's bond with a $800.00 penalty if he does not perform his duties. This may be why I cannot find any probate records on the 2 parents. I however have not been able to find any probate records for William A. Rader either.

1880   27 November   Joseph Rader, died in Big Run, Wirt Co., West Virginia at age 91 years and 1 month
(Death Certificate in Courthouse Records of Wirt Co., West Virginia, Book 1, pg. R-1880).
Note: on death record of Joseph Rader, W. A. Rader, a son of Joseph, is listed as the informant. I also believe that he is also the W. A. Rader listed as Assessor on the top of the page. I believe that this is the same Wm. A. Rader that he was living with in 1880 census record.
1880   Census   Joseph Rader, age 90, and Martha Rader, age 89, in Reedy, Wirt Co., West Virginia, Boarding with son, Wm. A. Rader (head of house)
Other individuals besides Joseph and Martha in the household were:
William A. Rader, age 50, a Farmer by occupation; William's wife, Elizabeth A. Rader, age 37
The Children of William A. Rader and Elizabeth A. Rader listed in census:
Charles L. Rader, age 20; William P. Rader, age 6; Sarah C. Rader, age 17; and Mary E., age 15.
1879        
1878        
1877        
1876        
1875        
1875   3 October   Mariah (Rader) Pickerell, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, dies. She is buried in unmarked grave in Good Hope Baptist Cemtery, near Reedy, Roane Co., West Virginia
(Cemetery Transcription made by the Roane Co., West Virginia Historical Society and published in their "Cemeteries of Roane County, West Virginia, Volume I, cemetery readings recorded by Louella Greathouse and Cynthia Cain Buskirk on 7 March 1997 and updated by Donna J. Walbrown and Pamela Dudding on 2 November 1997, Cemetery recorded on pages 73 - 82, Mariah and Levi are on page 80 within the old section of the cemetery);
note I went to this cemetery in the 1990's, Mariah did not have a stone, but both her and her husband, Levi Pickerell, Jr. had funeral plaques on their graves with thier information on it. Levi Pickerell's did not have a date of death on his plaque, however he was listed in the 1880 census and not in the 1900 census so I estimate that he died between the 2 census years.
1874        
1873        
1872        
1872   2 June   Alton Clyde Rader, born to Lewis Allen Rader. Alton was Joseph Rader's great grandson
(Death Certificate of Alton Clyde Rader found at West Virginia Online copies of death records.)
1871        
1870        
1870   Census   John Rader, age 79, Martha Rader, age 78, In Reedy, Wirt Co., West Virginia. Note: Joseph is listed as John Rader in this census. His occupation is listed as Farmer and his Value of Real Estate was $550, Value of Personal estate was $100.
1869        
1868        
1867        
1867   20 February   Spencer, Roane Co., West Virginia is incorporated. This is the county Seat of Roane Co., West Virginia. It used to be called New California.

Notes: "In 1840, Raleigh Butcher, intending to go to California, came to where Spencer now stands and built a large frame house. The town then became known as New California, because it was the place where Butcher had stopped on his way west. The first meeting of the Roane county court was held at the home of M. Benson Armstrong on April 7, 1856 in New California. Later that year the county's voters selected New California as the site for their county seat. In 1858, the town was chartered by the Virginia General Assembly and renamed Spencer, presumably in honor of Judge Spencer Roane, although a weaker case can be made that it was also named in honor one of the town's first school teachers, J. S. Spencer. The town was incorporated on February 20, 1867. "
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/roane/ )

1866        
1865        
1865   9 April   Civil War ends
1864        
1863        
1863   20 June   West Virginia Separates from Virginia and becomes separate state
1862        
1861        
1861   12 April   Civil War Begins (first battle)
1860        
1860       "Burning Springs was the destination of thousands of fortune seekers during the 1860s following the discovery of oil. In August of 1860 the “town” had fewer than 20 permanent residents. Six months later, over 6,000 fortune seekers crowded into the town. Hundreds of thousands of barrels of crude oil was produced there between 1860 and 1870. During the Civil War, Confederate cavalrymen, under the command of General William E. Jones, burned the town to the ground on May 9, 1863, along with all the oil in the town's storage tanks. 100,000 barrels of oil were ignited, and the light from the fire was clearly visible in the night sky as far away as Parkersburg, 42 miles away."
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/wirt/ )
1860   Census   Joseph Rader, age 69, and Martha Rader, age 68, in Reedyville Post Office, Roane Co., West Virginia. His occupation was Farmer and his value of personal estate was $50.
Others in the household: Virginia Rader (female), age 19; Martin Rader (male), age 14. They both attended school within the year.
1859        
1858        
1857        
1856        
1856   11 March   "Roane Co., Virginia (now West Virginia) was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on March 11, 1856 from parts of Gilmer, Jackson and Kanawha counties. It was named in honor of Judge Spencer Roane (1762-1822)." Judge Spencer Roane was the son-in-law of Patrick Henry
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/roane/ )
1855        
1855   Est.   Nancy (Rader) Armstrong, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, dies in Jackson Co., Virginia
(Ancestry.com listing at One World Tree - estimated due to lack of original source)
1854        
1853        
1853   August   Nancy (Rayburn / Raburn) Love, sister of Martha Rayburn / Raburn, dies in Flat Rock, Mason Co., Virginia. She was the wife of Robert Love.
(Possum Jim site on Rayburn family at http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Estates/3343/genealogy_love.html )
1853   31 May   Andrew Jackson Rader, son of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Sophronia Givens
1853   Est.   Margaret Rebecca "Bird" (Christal) Rayburn / Raburn, mother of Martha Rayburn / Raburn, dies.
(Possum Jim site on Rayburn family at http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Estates/3343/genealogy_love.html )
1852        
1852   Est.   Philip Rader, son of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, dies in Monticello Co., Indiana
(Ancestry.com listing at One World Tree - estimated due to lack of originial source)
1851        
1850        
1850   Census   Joseph Rader, age 59, and Martha Rader, age 59, listed in District 70, Wirt Co., West Virginia
Others in the household: Allen Rader, age 20; Jackson Rader, age 17; Elizabeth Walker, age 12; Virginia Rader, age 5

Note: Elizabeth Walker was child of Mariah (Rader) Walker. Mariah, daughter of Joseph,'s husband, Macklin Walker died about 1844.

1849        
1849   22 March   William Allen Rader, son of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Elizabeth Callow in Jackson Co., Virginia.
1848        
1848   31 December   Harriet (Rader) Ashley, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries 2nd husband, Renfrew Salsathiel Sleeth, in Kanawha Co., Virginia
1848   21 September   Mariah (Rader) Walker, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries 2nd husband, Levi Pickerell in Wirt Co., Virginia
(record destroyed, date from Wes Cochran Book on Marriages of Wirt Co., WV)
1848   28 June   Catherine Rader, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Humphrey Mount in Jackson Co., Virginia
1848   19 January   "Wirt County was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on January 19, 1848 from parts of Jackson and Wood counties. The county was named in honor of William Wirt (1772-1834)." The County Seat was named as Elizabeth, named after his daughter.
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/wirt/ )
1847        
1846        
1845        
1845   20 November   Philip Rader, son of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Hulda Conrad in Jackson Co., Virginia
1845   Est.   Bennett Rader, son of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries 2nd wife, Ann Elizabeth Cobb
1845   16 August   Mahala (Ashley) Rader, 1st wife of Bennett Rader, dies in Kanawha Co., Virginia
1844        
1844   Est.   Macklin Walker, 1st husband of Mariah Rader,'s Estate Papers are filed in Jackson Co., Virginia
(Estate papers from Courthouse Records)
1843        
1843   25 October   Nancy Rader, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Mathias Benson Armstrong in Jackson Co., Virginia.
1842        
1841        
1841   25 October   Joseph Rader, Mordecai J. Thomsson, and John P. Thomsson state they are bound to John Rutherford, Acting Governor of Commonwealth of Virginia for $1000. The said Mordecai J. Thomsson being appointed Commissioner of Revenue for 1 year term for Jackson Co., Virginia
(Jackson Co., WV Will Book 1 (1804-1880), pg. 204).
- note Mordecai was Joseph's son in law
1841   June   Susan Rader, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Mordecai James Thomasson in Jackson Co., Virginia
1841   25 January   Michael Rader Jr., administrator for estates of Michael Rader Sr. and Katharine Rader, deceased, brings into the court the sale bill which he wishes to be recorded.
(Jackson Co., WV, Will Book 1 (1804-1880), pg. 176-177) - note this list was also listed on 163.
1840        
1840   Census   Cannot find in census, there is one in Nicholas Co., VA, but I am pretty sure that this is not my individual.
1840   8 August   James Rayburn, brother of Martha (Rayburn) Rader, dies in Mason Co., Virginia
( http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Estates/3443/genealogy_love.html )
1840   22 June   Michael Rader, Jr. produced account of the sale of the property of the estates of his father, Michael Rader Sr. and his mother, Katherine Rader, stating both were deceased. Andrew Waugh was Clerk.
(Jackson Co., WV, Will Book 1 (1804-1880), pg. 164)
1840   June   Henry Rayburn / Raburn Sr., father of Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader, dies in Parchment Valley, Jackson Co., Virginia
(Possum Jim site on Rayburn family at http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Estates/3343/genealogy_love.html )
1840   16 May   Michael Rader, Jr. submitted 2 lists of property sold from the Estates of Michael Rader Sr. and Katherine Rader of following items (Sale starts on pg. 163):

Property sold in list 1 (total of 1st list is repeated on pg. 176 and 177 of same volume):

1 Horse for $36.00 - bought by Martin Ashley

1 Kettle for $4.75, 1 Cow for $11.00 - bought by Abe Rader

5 Sheep, 4 old and 1 lamb for $9.00 - bought by John H. Young

2 Hackles for $3.75, 3 Sheets for $1.25, 1 set of plates for $0.80, 7 plates for $0.70, 1 Cream Pitcher for $0.25, 1 Little Bucket for $0.25 - bought by Michael Rader Jr.

1 Crop Cut Saw for $3.00, 1 set of knives and forks for $1.00 - bought by Michael C. Rader

1 Oven and Lid for $1.00, 1 Churn for $0.06, 3 bowls & 3 plates & 1 Peer bon for $0.37 - bought by Sarah Graham

1 Little Wheel for $1.26 - bought by Hannah Rader

1 Set of cups and Saucers for $0.58 - bought by George Knopp

1 Musket for $1.00 - bought by Robt. Rader

1 Coffee Pot for $0.25 - bought by Wm Wiblin (pg. 177 states his name was Williamson Wiblin)

1 Tea Pot for $0.25 - bought by Elvira Rader (pg. 177 states her name as Alvira Rader)

total so far on this page was noted as $76.52

Property Sold in list 2:

1 Small Kettle for $3.00 - bought by Hannah Rader, Widow

1 Little Kettle for $3.31, 1 Tea Kettle for $1.25 - bought by Robt. Rader

1 Dam mare for $16.25 - bought by G. W. Rader

1 Sett Handmill Stones for $3.75, 1 Large Bucket for $0.75 - bought by Geo. Knopp

1 Pot Frammel by $0.62 - bought by Polly Rader

2 Quilts for $1.25 - bought by Michael Rader Jr.

1 Rose Blanket for $1.31 - bought by Pleasant Thomasson

(end pg. 163)

(pg. 164 list below)
1 Quilt for $0.81, 1 Stone Jar for $0.80, 1 pair of Steel yards for $0.62, 1 Pitcher for $0.40, 2 Dishes for $0.56 - bought by Michael Rader Jr

2 Sugar kegs for $0.56, 1 Pot Framer for 1.56, 1 Riffle Gun for $5.00, 1 Crock for $0.26, 1 Sugar Bowl for $0.20, 2 Tea Canisters and 1 bottle for $0.06 - bought by Michael C. Rader

1 Frying pan for $0.44 - bought by Robt. Rader

5 Chairs for $1.26 - bought by Sarah Graham

1 Large Chest for $1.32, 1 Bed for $11.56, 1 Coffee Pot for $0.15 - bought by G. W. Rader

1 Meat Sieve for $0.18 - bought by Preston Burditt

1 Pair of Tongs for $0.50 - bought by Geo. Knopp

1 Cow for $12.00, 2 Glass Tumblers for $0.18, 1 Bunch Wool for $0.29 - bought by Abe Rader

9 Saucers and 5 Cups for $0.60 - bought by Gideon Knopp
(Jackson Co., WV, Will Book 1 (1804-1880), pgs. 163-164)

1840   27 April   Will produced and though Michael Rader Sr. appointed his son-in-law Michael Kounts, Sons: Abraham and James Rader Executors of will. and it was witnessed by Wm. H. Rogers, James R. Wolf, John Kounts. James R. Wolf and John Kounts state that the executors of said will refused to take upon themselves the execution of the wills. Michael Rader Jr with John Kounts and Nehemiah Smith as his securities entered into and acknowledged a bond in the penalty of $1000.00 conditioned as the law directs, certificate is granted to Michael Rader for obtaining the letters of Administration on Michael Rader Sr's will
1839        
1839   18 June   Michael W. Rader, father of Joseph Rader, dies. His wife Catherine (Long) Rader is still alive, but only listed as "wife"
(Revolutionary War pension of Michael Rader)
1838        
1837        
1836        
1836   8 March   Harriet Rader, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries 1st husband, James Madison Ashley in Jackson Co., Virginia
1835        
1835   16 September   Bennett Rader, son of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Mahala Ashley in Kanawha Co., Virginia
1835   Est.   Joseph Rader, George McGaroy (? on his last name), Nehemiah Smith, state they are bound to John Floyd, Esq. Governor or Chief Magistrate of Commonwealth of Virginia for $2000. George McGarory (?) Being appointed Constable for 2 years for Jackson Co., Virginia (Jackson Co., WV, Will Book 1 (1804-1880), pg. 72)
- note statement was not dated, there was date on separate statement below that which was in 1835.
1835   5 January   L. M. Rader (male), born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1834        
1833        
1833   18 July   Mariah Rader, daughter of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries 1st husband, Macklin Walker, in Jackson Co., Virginia
(Marriage bond in Jackson Co., WV marriages)
1832        
1832   13 February   James Rader, son of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn, marries Catherine Cunningham in Jackson Co., Virginia
1832   13 January   Andrew Jackson Rader, born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1832       Ripley, Jackson Co., Virginia (now West Virginia) chartered.

"The land upon which Ripley, the county seat, sits was originally owned and settled by William John and Lewis Rodgers who received a grant of 400 acres in 1768 where “Sycamore Creek joins Big Mill Creek” (the current site of Ripley). The land was later sold to Jacob (and Ann) Starcher, most probably in 1803. Captain William Parsons was one of the county's most prominent citizens. He arrived in the area shortly before 1800, and resided near the current site of Ripley. Jacob Starcher laid out the town in 1830 and named it in honor of Harry Ripley, a young minister who was about to be married, but drowned shortly before the ceremony was to take place in Big Mill Creek, one and a half miles north of the town. In 1832, the Starchers donated land for the location of the county courthouse, county jail, a public school, and a burial ground. The town was chartered by the Virginia General Assembly in 1832."
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/jackson/ )

1831        
1831   23 May   Joseph Rader, Nehemiah Smith, George McGarory, state that they are bound to John Floyd, Esq. Governor or Chief Magistrate of the Commonwealth of Virginia for sum of $2000. George McGarory being appointed Constable for 2 year term for Jackson Co., Virginia
(Jackson Co., WV, Will Book 1 (1804-1880), pg.1)
1831   1 March   "Jackson Co., Virginia was created on March 1, 1831 from parts of Kanawha, Mason and Wood counties. It was named in honor of Andrew Jackson (1767-1845), who was then President of the United States (1829-1837)."
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/jackson/ )
1830        
1830   Census   Joseph Rader listed in Mason Co., Virginia
1829        
1829   22 November   William Allen Rader, Born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1829   17 March   Michael Rader Sr. makes his last will in testement:

1. Lists slaves: Lewis, Winny and Rachel left to wife Katherine rader during her life and at death give Lewis and Winny to whichever of his children that they may choose for their master or mistress upon his or her paying to each of my other children their proportion of the evaluation of them at that time. Lewis valued at that time valued at $100 and Winny at $50.
2. Gives clock to wife till her death and then it is to go to his son, Abraham Rader and his heirs
3. Gives Katharine Rader, his wife, all other personal property except the slaves
4. Gives his son Abraham Rader and his heirs, Slaves: Reuben and Rebecca and any issue between them
5. Gives his son, James Rader and his heirs, Slaves: Adam, Alexander and Dorcas with any increase or issue
6. Gives his son, Philip Rader and his heirs, Slaves: Andrew and Hannah and any issue
7. Gives his son, Michael Rader and his heirs, Slaves: John and Peter and on the death of Katherine the slave named Rachel and any issue.
8. Gives his son, Joseph Rader and his heirs, the tract of land he lives upon, His mill and Slaves: Rebin, Robin and Ruth and her issue
9. Gives to his grandchildren, Jacob Harold Holman and William Holeman, children of his daughter Elizabeth Holeman: Slave Jane and her issue
10. Gives daughter, Katharine Rader and her heirs: Slaves Matilda and Jane and their issue
11. Gives unto children of his daughter, Polly Rader and their heirs: Slaves named Alice and Rachel with any issue. these slaves being formally given to their mother.
12. Gives to his daughter, Susannah Kountz: Slaves named Jacob and Rebecca with their increase and issue
13. Names desire that his executors sell all lands that is not listed prior or disposed of by him prior to his death for the best price and that the money obtained from sale of land and other property to be divided among the children, except the heirs of my daughter (Holeman).
lastly: Appoints son-in-law Michael Kounts, Sons: Abraham and James Rader Executors of will.<signed Michael Rader>
<witnessed by Wm. H. Rogers, James R. Wolf, John Kounts> Submitted 27 April 1840.

1828        
1828   2 April   Michael Rader of Mason Co., Virginia sells 181 acres on Elk Fork of Big Mill Creek for $1.00 to Joseph Rader. Witnesses: John Kouns, James R. Wolf, Michael Rader, Jr.
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1827        
1827   4 February   Nancy Rader, born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1826        
1825        
1824        
1823        
1822        
1822   10 February   James Rader, born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1821        
1821   31 December   Michael Rader, father of Joseph Rader, gives Joseph Rader one Slave boy named Robin. Witnesses listed were Wm. Parsons, George Cleek, and George Parsons. It was acknowledged by Michael Rader on 15 April 1822.
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1820        
1820   14 June   Margaret Rader, born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1820   Census   Joseph Rader listed in Mason Co., Virginia
1820   Est.   William Rayburn / Raburn, Sr., brother of Martha Rayburn / Raburn, dies in Mason Co., Virginia
(Possum Jim site on Rayburn family at http://www.geocities.com/Heartland/Estates/3343/genealogy_love.html )
1819        
1818        
1818   15 December   Harriet Rader, born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1817        
1817   17 January   Henry Rader born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1816        
1815        
1815   13 October   Mariah "Mary" Rader born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1815   13 February   War of 1812 ends
1814        
1814   17 October   Catherine Rader relinquishes her rights as dower to the land sold to Abraham Reeder on the 1st October 1814.
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1814   1 October   Michael Rader and Catherine, his wife, of Mason Co., Virginia, sell to Abraham Reeder, 390 acres in Greenbrier Co., Virginia for $5.00
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1814   14 August   Bennett Rader, born to Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn / Raburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
1813        
1813   Est. before December   Joseph Rader, marries Martha Rayburn / Raburn
Note Est. Time from before Bennett's birth date.
1812        
1812   4 June   War of 1812 Begins
1811        
1810        
1810   Census   Michael Rader, father of Joseph Rader is listed in Mason Co., Virginia
1809        
1808        
1808   Est.   Michael Rader and family, including Joseph, move into Mason Co., Virginia, moving through Greenbrier Co., Virginia as some sources state he lived there for a time before he moved on to Mason Co., Virginia
1807        
1806        
1806   Est.   First School Building built in Jackson Co., Virginia.

"The first school was built in the county in 1806 and the first teacher, Andrew Hushan, had 15 students when it opened in 1807. In addition to being the county's first teacher, Andrew Hushan also constructed the county's first mill in 1799."
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/jackson/ )

1805        
1805   22 August   Michael Rader sat as a member of the Court meeting to determine whether Jacob Rambo was guilty of felony in Point Pleasant.
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1804        
1804   3 July   Michael Rader, father of Joseph qualified as a Justice at Point Pleasant for Mason Co., Virginia.
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1804   2 January   "Mason County was created by an act of the Virginia General Assembly on January 2, 1804, from parts of Kanawha County. The county was named in honor of George Mason (1725-1792). He was born in Virginia in 1725, was the author of the Constitution of Virginia and a member of the Philadelphia constitutional convention that framed the Constitution of the United States during the summer of 1787. Not satisfied with the protections provided state's rights during the deliberations, he refused to sign the document and later opposed its ratification by Virginia."
( http://www.shgresources.com/wv/counties/mason/ )
1803        
1803   Tax List   Michael Rader listed in Greenbrier Co., Virginia Tax List with 3 White male tithes, 7 Slaves aged over 16, and 9 horses
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1802        
1801        
1800        
1800   Census   Destroyed for Virginia
1799        
1798        
1797        
1796        
1795        
1794        
1794   Tax List   Michael Rader listed in Greenbrier Co., Virginia Tax list with 1 white male tithe, 4 slaves over 16, one slave age 12 - 16, 6 horses.

( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )

1794   8 April   Michael Rader and Catherine, his wife, sell 155 acres by survey from 26 April 1774 on the north side of the south river of Shanandoah ... corner to said Reader's former land...on a high hill...on a level...granted to Michael Reader 4 May 1787. This land was sold for 5 shillings to Philip Long.

note this was the last of his land in the said county.

( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )

1794   24 March   Michael Rader and Catherine, his wife, of Shanandoah Co., Virginia sell land to Tunis Quick for 350 pounds - 104 acres in the counties of Shenandoah and Rockingham Co., Virginia. Which they had received in August 1785 from Philip Long. Also a Part of a tract granted to James Wood for 400 acres in 12 January 1746 at the Great Plains...on the bank of said river in the dividing line the counties of Shanandoah and Rockingham... Also 253 acres on the northwesterly side of the north river granted to Mrs. Mary Wood 10 February 1761...dividing line between counties of Shenandoah and Rockingham...conveyed to Michael Rader by Alexander and Sarah White 2 June 1787.
( http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~gkbopp/HOLEMAN/Rader_Dorman.htm )
1793        
1792        
1791        
1791   9 November   Martha Rayburn, born to Henry W. Rayburn and Margaret Rebecca (Christal) Rayburn
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
- note the original listing that I found their name originally stated mother was Margaret Christal, her name is listed as Rebecca Rayburn on Martha's death certificate. Her estimated date of birth from death record is Nov. 1792.
1790        
1790   21 October   Joseph Rader, born to Michael W. Rader and Catherine Rader
(Alton Clyde Rader Bible)
Note: Listing in Sims book lists her name as Catherine Long. Death Certificate estimated his birth as October 1789.
1790   Census   Destroyed for Virginia

From this abbreviated listing of my biographical outline for this family, you can see that even basic outlines can get quite lengthy.

Before I got the copy of Joseph Rader's War of 1812 papers, I didn't have a marriage date, but I did know when the first child was born from the Bible Record so I estimated (Est.) the marriage date of Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn at about 1813. I would have liked to have found the marriage record for them at the courthouse . . . but that is a problem with records this early. So I decided to continue to fill in data for the outline. The areas that Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn lived had numerous courthouse fires and also that the marriages for this time frame are sketchy if they do exist. So I looked for available records at the courthouses and find that the marriage license is not recorded for the time period that I listed in my estimate, indeed not for the entire year and 5 years before or after the date. I finally admitted that it was probably destroyed or not recorded so I realized that I needed to look for further data to see if I can locate more information on this marriage date to lock it down.

I noticed that my original listing has that Joseph Rader served in the War of 1812 and his father, Michael Rader served in the Revolutionary War. I send out to the National Archives for Joseph Rader's War of 1812 pension file and find Michael Rader's Revolutionary War pension file online at Heritage Quest. I include what I find in the two pension files in my biographical outline. Within Joseph Rader's War of 1812 pension from the National Archives I finally find a date and place of marriage for Joseph Rader and Martha Rayburn. I note this in my outline deleting my estimated date and putting the actual date in its place. I also note any names that I didn't have in my file and if known what relationship to the family in the outline. I also note that Ancestry.com states that a Michael Rader served in the War of 1812. I am not sure whether or not this is my Michael Rader (the father of Joseph Rader) or his son, Michael Rader, Jr. (brother of Joseph Rader). I have not recieved any papers on this service.

So I add the following lines in their proper place to my outline listed above:

1881   1 March   Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader's Widow Pension approved.
(Joseph Rader War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1881   28 February   Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader's Widow brief is admitted for a pension of 8 dollars per month from 28 November 1880 the day after the soldiers death.
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives).
1881   17 February   Pension request received by F. T. Lockard in Wirt County, West Virginia Courthouse
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives).
1881   11 February   E. M. Rader and S. C. Rader appear and state that Joseph Rader died on 27th November 1880
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1881   11 February   Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader applies for Widow Pension, states maiden name was Raburn and she and Joseph Rader were married 8th day of August 1813 by Robin Love at Mason county in Virginia, now West Virginia.
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1881   11 February   Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader appoints F. T. Lockhart of Wirt Co., West Virginia as her attorney to prosecute her Widow's Pension claim. he living in Mount Hoge, Wirt Co., West Virginia
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1881   11 February   Jonathan Sheppard, Justice of peace verifies that he has examined the bible record shown to him by Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader and states that marriage occurred 8 August 1813 and the bible was printed 1829.
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1881   11 February   Martha (Rayburn / Raburn) Rader states that Henry Raburn and Robin Love were present at her marriage
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1881   5 February   J. R. R. Smith, Clerk of the County Court of Mason Co., West Virginia states he cannot find a record of Marriage between Joseph Rader and Martha Raburn in his courthouse records.
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1876   1 May   Joseph Rader applies for Bounty Land Grant for Service in War of 1812
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1872   15 January   Joseph Rader's pension request admitted to a pension of eight dollars per month from 14 February 1871.
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1872   8 January   Pension request returned to Commissioner of Pensions with the information that the Rolls of Captain Anthony VanSickle's company of Virginia Militia show that Joseph Rader served from 28 Sept. 1812 to 29 March 1813
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1871   18 November   Andrew Collison, postmaster of Reedy in Roane Co., WV certifies that he is acquainted with Hiram Chapman and A. J. McCoy for several years testify that they are men of undoubtable good character for truth
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1871   23 October   Joseph Rader applies for War of 1812 pension stating he enlisted at Point Pleasant on October 1812 in Captain Anthony Vansickle's Company of Virginia Militia, and who was discharged at Fort Meigs on the 29 day of March 1813.
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1871   27 May   Joseph Rader admits to getting 80 acres as a Land Warrant
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1871   25 May   Hiram Chapman of Spencer, and A. J. McCoy of Wirt Co., West Virginia, testify to the character of Joseph Rader
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1871   25 May   Joseph Rader appears before Isaac McKown, an officer of the court of record of Roane Co., WV and appoints M. A. McClung of "Three Forks Reedy" his attorney to prosecute his pension claim.
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1855   3 April   Joseph Rader applies for Bounty Land Claim under provisions under 28 September 1850 Act of Congress
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1851   13 January   Joseph Rader appears before G. W. Smith, Justice of Peace stating that he is same Joseph Rader that served in War of 1812 for period of 6 months from October 1812 to 29th of March 1813 in Captain Anthony Vansickles Rifle Company of the 2nd regiment of the infantry commanded by Col. Evans
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1851   13 January   Joseph states he is 60 years old that he volunteered at Point Pleasant, Mason Co., VA and was discharged at Fort Meigs, Ohio
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1851   11 January   Joseph Rader states he has appointed Joseph Smith and Flee(?) A. Smith, attornies for claim for bounty land
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1839   9 December   "The Widow of Michael Rader," under the act of 6 April 1838 states that she is entitled to the unclaimed money for her husband at the rate of seventy dollars per annum for period from 4th of September 1838 to the 4 March 1839.
1833   15 November   Michael Rader, father of Joseph Rader files for his Revolutionary War Pension at Point Pleasant, Virginia and is granted 70 dollars a year, commencing on 4 March 1831. He was paid $210 total back pay.
(Michael Rader's Revolutionary War pension file)
1833   22 September   Michael Rader appears before the court of Jackson Co., Virginia. States he is a resident of Mill Creek in the County of Jackson and State of Virginia and that he is aged 81 years and upwards after being sworn according to the Law to obtain the benefit of the Act of Congress dated 7 June 1832. That he on the 1st or 2nd day of September in the latter part of 1777, raised a voluntier company in the County of Shenandoah, VA at a place in said county called Massinuttin. That he marched with said company as Captain to Winchester, Frederick Co., VA and their ? the following troops commanded by the following named officers: Capt. Riddickins, Pauling, Nighswinger and Bucks each with a company of men. They then marched to Fort Pitt and took command for a month or six weeks. Then they were ordered to Wheeling fort situated in Virginia on the bank of the Ohio river about 100 miles below Fort Pitt. He states that they traveled by water and served out the balance of that term of duty approx 3 months. That while serving he served or met Col. Zane; Col. Steele and Col. Gibson. That after this tour of duty he returned to Shenandoah Co., VA and was appointed Major in the Militia of that County by the Government of Virginia. He then on or about 1 May 1778 was ordered by Government of VA to Fort Pitt a second time with two companies under his command ? by Capt. John Roush and Abraham Boyrd. Then he was ordered to Caines Fort on Dickins Creek about 6 miles from Morgantown, VA and took the post until tour of dute ended (this one being 3 months as well). He states that his commission papers for the Capt. and Major were destroyed, but he has other original papers. He states that the only person he knows who can prove his personal service is one David Bumgarner of the County of Mason who gave his affidavit on his former application who gave him an affidavit because his age prevented him from coming again to court and traveling over the very rough road. There was a statement made by David ?ayre (could be Sayne) and George Stone residents of Jackson Co., VA stating that they were well acquanted with Michael Rader and that they believe what he has stated about his War service is true.

<note there is a range of mountains in present day Rockingham Co., VA that goes through Shenandoah Co., VA that is named Massanutten>

(Michael Rader's Revolutionary War pension file)

1833   22 September   Michael Rader answers questions asked by Henry I. Fisher, clerk about his service in the Revolutionary War:

Stating that he lived in the County of Shenandoah Co., VA for a shourt time after his service and then moved to County of Greenbrier about 2 years and then has lived aprox 24 years in Mason Co., in part that was recent stricken from Mason County and placed in Jackson Co., VA. That he knew and served under Col. Steele and Gibons. That he lists the following names as neighbors who can verify his character and that he served in Revolution: Almost every Justice of Peace in the County of Mason where he acted as one until old age and infirmity ordered it proper for him to resign. and the following persons: Dr. Jesse Bennett; Benjamin Thomas Esq. (Post master in Mason Co., VA). In Jackson Co., VA he states to the Justices and Clerk of Court Benjamin Writght Esq., Also to James Smith (post master at cedar grove, Jackson Co., VA), Robert Louthen, Esq. (Postmaster at Jackson ? house called Ripley). He also states he is more or less known to all the persons in the county. <signs his name Michal Radar>
(Michael Rader's Revolutionary War pension file)

1833   22 September   James Rader, Michael Rader, and Joseph Rader appear in court to state that they are sons of the said Michael Rader and that they in the course of their lifetime frequently saw the papers stating commision of their father for Captain and Major and that looking among their father's papers they were unable to find said papers and that in fact they believe that they were burnt some 10 years ago.
<signed James Rader; Michael Rader, Jr.; and Joseph Rader>
(Michael Rader's Revolutionary War pension file)
1833   12 March   Letter sent to Michael Rader from Richmond, VA about his service in Revolutionary War. He replied 16th March 1833 to get a copy of record, but received a letter on 3 June 1833 that he produced at his hearing for pension 22 Sept. 1833 stating that he did not believe it is possible for him to get a copy of his commission.
1813   Est. after March and Before December.
Actual 8 August
  Joseph Rader, marries Martha Rayburn / Raburn
Note Est. Time was between discharge from war of 1812 and 9 months before Bennett's birth. After I received Joseph's War of 1812 pension file from the National Archives, I know that the actual date was 8 August 1813 in Mason Co., Virginia by Robin Love. Also present was Henry Raburn. I believe this Henry Raburn to be her father.
1813   29 March   Joseph Rader, discharged at Fort Meigs, Ohio, and ends his service in War of 1812
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)
1812   between 21 September and October   Joseph Rader enters service in War of 1812, serving under Captain Anthony Vansickline in Virginia Militia (pension), another part of record states October 1812 at Point Pleasant, VA
(Joseph Rader, War of 1812 Pension from National Archives)

At this point, I am pretty sure that without a trip to West Virginia or ordering a ton of films from The Church of Latterday Saints that I have basically come to knowing everything I can about Joseph Rader. My next step is to flip the biographical outline, putting birth information first and the death information on Martha (Rayburn) Rader last on the listing. I then look for clues to what I am missing, what I need to order from The Church of Latterday Saints or look into on my next trip down to West Virginia, the state that he lived in. I also need to add maps to the area if I can find them to help understand more about the area. There is still a lot to be done and more to find out about Joseph. The biographical outline has answered some of my questions, but it has raised several others. One of which is what happened to Joseph's property? I haven't been able to find a will. Did he make one? What does the Fidiciary note mean that W. A. Rader, their son, took for his mother after she died? Is there some estate sale or inventory that I am missing? I need to add more day to day information. What happened to them in 1840? Did the fact that so many individuals in the family died in that year have something to do with the reason I can't find them? I need to look for new areas to research and fill out my research checklist for them to put in my file so that I can see what I need to order or get from the courthouse.