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Spickler and Rockwood Genealogy


Jacques Archambault

Jacques and Francoise were married in France and had 7 children
before coming to New France. Only Louise did not cross, because she died before her family left France.

Upon his arrival (1645-1646), it appears that he was a servant of
Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny, at Quebec but by 1654 he was with Maisonneuve in Montreal. In 1658 Jacques contracted with Paul de Chomedey to dig a well, inside the fort at Ville-Marie, at the place d`Armes. He had found his calling.

At a reenactment Fair at nearby Fort #4 in Charlestown, N.H. in the summer of
1995, I met a reenactor from Canada who was also a descendant of Jacques
Archambault. He told me that one of his wells was a historic site in
Montreal, still giving sweet water to this day! GJR

There is also a short biography of Jacques in "Our French-Canadian Ancestors by Laforest -GJR

"On May 6, 1651, Jean Chicot and the mason Jean Boudart were surprised by ten or so marauders. Chicot hid under a tree, while Boudart went back towards his house to take refuge there with his wife, but she had carefully barred the door. It was too late: the couple fled. The Iroquois quickly caught up with Madame Boudart. Her husband came back to try and save her, but it was a futile effort, and he died under the Iroquois` blows. His wife was spared " to make a cruel meal of her"- the Iroquois tried to take as many prisioners as possible for the pleasure of slowly burning them to death.
Three settlers ran to the scene: Charles Le Moyne, Jacques Archambault and a third whose identity we dont know. Some forty of the Iroquois fell upon them. They retreated to the hospital - it was open and Jeanne Mance was there alone. Le Moyne (whose cap had been pierced by a bullet) and his companions endeavoured to bring her to the fort; then they went out looking for Chicot. Chicot had defended himself so vigerously to keep from being captured, that they scalped him right there, even taking a piece of his skull. The Iroquois left him for dead but he survived, living sixteen more years after this cruel experience."

This last from: MONTREAL A History by Robert Prevost (translated)

and translated from the website of Robert Rochon, "Liste des Patronymes":

JACQUES ARCHAMBAULT Archambaldus, Latinized Germanic first name, which means indigenous daring. Jacques Archambault and Francoise Tourault are the only ancestors of this great Archambault family of the same patronym. Jacques and Francoise are both natives of Dompierre-on-Sea, in the area of the Small rock, in Charente-Maritime, formerly French province of Aunis. Son of Antoine Archambault and Renee Ouvrard, Jacques was born into 1604. As for Francoise, she was born towards 1599. Both lived in Dompierre, in a hamlet called Lardillière. Jacques and Francoise married on January 24 1629, in Saint-Philibert of the Bridge-Charault, in old Poitou, in France. Jacques is a ploughman then also vine grower. From 1630 to 1644, Francoise gives him seven children, two sons and five girls. Towards 1645, with Pierre Legardeur de Repentigny, director of the new Company of the Inhabitants, the couple embarks for New-France, accompanied by six children.
That which interests us, it is Jacquette Archambault, born towards 1632, she is 13 years old on her arrival. She marries on September 28 the 1648 ancestor Paul Chalifou(r), widower of Marie Jeannet. She runs out her life in the area of Quebec and presents to her husband 14 children, including three girls who continue a descent to us. The grandmother of Chalifou(r) is buried on December 17, 1700, in Quebec.
In 1647, the farmer Jacques Archambault becomes tenant of a ground of the seigniory of Lachenaie. September 15 1651, he becomes dealer of a ground in the Cape Rouge. In 1654, the colonist agrees to fix himself definitively in the island of Montreal, on a plot of land close to current Place of Weapons. One allots to Jacques Archambault the merit to have dug the first well of the Island of Montreal, October 11 1658, for Paul de Chomedey. December 9 1663, one buries the body of Francoise Tourault, 64 years old. In 1666, Jacques Archambault signs at Three-Rivers, a marriage contract with Marie Denot of Martinière, he even widowed twice. With the census of 1681, Jacques and Marie, live at the stronghold of Verdun, in suburbs of Montreal. The ancestor Jacques Archambault is buried, in Montreal, February 15 1688, at the 84 years age.


'Story telling is the wisdom of history'

"To be ignorant of what happened before you were born is to be ever a child" - Cicero


"1635 The Jesuits would prefer that New France remain lightly populated with Frenchmen, as they would be easier to control than a multitude. Immigration will decrease the peace, happiness and good feelings but France needs an outlet for the multitude of workmen who lack employment. It is noteworthy that France has established a three level class system in New France:

The lowest paid people (engage's) are the soldiers, ploughmen, diggers and pit men.
The middle class are tradesmen, masons, carpenters, nailsmiths, ironmongers, wet coopers and bakers.
The highest paid are sailors, gunners and masters.
The New France engages are normally indentured for 3-5 years then offered an opportunity to become colonists or return to France. Most would choose to return to France. After six years of service one could aspire to become a master and thereby hold shop and train apprentices. The future reality however is that the system is designed so that 90% of the people remained as commoners while only 10% can aspire to middleclass and none to nobility. 80% of New France will be farmers while 20% will be administrators, merchants, religious, soldiers, craftsmen and travelers."

Il creusa en 1658, sur la Place D'Armes actuelle de Montréal, le premierpuit construit dand l'île de Montréal (source, Drouin, Généalogie de G.Cuerrier, 1956) (In 1658, at the Place D'Armes, in the City of Montréal,he dug a well that was the first well on the island of Montréal.)

The family resided in Lardilliere, parish of Dompierre sur Mer, LaRochelle, France.

In 1647, they rented a farm in Québec. Between 1651 and 1653 they seem tohave alternated between Montréal and Québec. The family was in Montréalduring the terrible summer of 1651. Jacques barely escaped the massacre.Their son Denis was killed that summer by the cannon which he was gettingready for the third blow against the Iroquois.

With his son-in-law Urban Tessier, Jacques Archambault was chosen amongthose to defend the stronghold known as "l'Enfant Jesus" in Montréal.This small fort was situated at the extremity of Tessier's grant. Itsdefenders, who were also its proprietors, were responsible for its beingguarded 24 hours a day.

In 1678, when Jacques was 74 years old, his three sons-in-law and his sonLaurant granted a life pension to him "a septuagenarian and quite unableto work and to earn his living and clothing, for the natural friendshipthey bear him, as they always have." He died 10 yearslater.[nancyfayette.FTW]

Tanguay p 11 says Jacques came from France with his family. He was 84when he died.
Jacques Archambault, born 1604 to a farmer, married Francoise Thoureaultin 1629 in France. In 1645, they went to New France -- now Quebec-- withsix of their children, a seventh having died young. They lived first inRepentigny, then Lachenaie, then Cap Rouge, then Quebec City andMontreal. After 1654, they were on the island of Montreal for good.Jacques Archambault wasn't very good at agriculture per se -- he wasdeeply in debt at one point -- but as a dowser he seems to have beenrather gifted. He dug the first well on the island of Montreal on Oct.11, 1658; it was the first of several he dug there.

One of his grandchildren, Pierre, son of Laurent (my 8G grandfather)accepted a concession of land in 1724 and from this was founded thevillage of Saint-Antoine-aux-Richelieu. -Joann Betschart

Jacques Archambault is the ancestor of more than twenty thousanddescendants named Archambault. In 1604, he was born at Dompierre-sur-Mer(on-Sea), in Aunis, of Antoine and Renée Ouvrard. It is supposed that hisfather was a farmer. The family resided in Lardilliere, parish ofDompierre-sur-Mer, La Rochelle, France.

Jacques, married Françoise Thoureault in 1629 in France. From 1630 to1644, she gave him seven children: two sons and five girls. In 1645, theywent to New France -- now Québec-- with six of their children, a seventhhaving died young. They lived first in Repentigny, then Lachenaie, thenCap Rouge, then Québec City, and Montréal. From 1645 to 1647, he wasobligated to work in the fields of Pierre, the Guardian of Repentigny. In1647, they rented a farm in Lachenaie, Québec. In 1651, he obtained aconcession to Cap-Rouge and a few months later, Mr. Maisonneuve grantedhim thirty acres of land. His neighbors were Lambert Closs and UrbanTessier dit Lavigne.

Between 1651 and 1653 they seem to have alternated between Montréal andQuébec. The family was in Montréal during the terrible summer of 1651.Jacques barely escaped the massacre. Their son Denis was killed thatsummer by the cannon which exploded as he was getting ready for the thirdblow against the Iroquois.

After 1654, they were on the island of Montréal for good. Jacques wasn'tvery good at agriculture per se -- he was deeply in debt at one point --but as a dowser he seems to have been rather gifted. On October 11, 1658,he dug the first well on the island of Montréal, at the Place D'Armes; itwas the first of several he dug there. [Il creusa en 1658, sur la PlaceD'Armes actuelle de Montréal, le premier puit construit dand l'île deMontréal (source, Drouin, Généalogie de G. Cuerrier, 1956)

His wife died December 9, 1663. Jacques took a second wife, Marie Denot,he was her third spouse.

[In 1678, when Jacques was 74 years old, his three sons-in-law and hisson Laurant granted a life pension to him "a septuagenarian and quiteunable to work and to earn his living and clothing, for the naturalfriendship they bear him, as they always have." He died 10 years later.--nancy fayette]

He was buried in Montréal, February 15, 1688, he was 84 years old.

His descendants lived in the region of Montréal: Pointe-aux-Trembles,Rivière-des-Prairies, l'Assomption, Lachenaie, and Repentigny. Their sonLaurent, spouse of Catherine Merchant, had twelve children; it isespecially thanks to them that the descent was assured. [One of hisgrandchildren, Pierre, son of Laurent (my 8G grandfather) accepted aconcession of land in 1724 and from this was founded the village ofSaint-Antoine-aux-Richelieu. -Joann Betschart]

Primary Source: The Center of french-speaking généalogie of America

Came with wife and six children, settled on a farm near Montreal in 1645.
Montreal had been founded in 1642. Was a farmer and wine grape producer.
(Source: Goubout, Lost in Canada, Tanguay)

Lussiter notes in History section that he received land in 1651 at Cap Rouge
and moved to Montreal in 1653.

Francoise (Toureau) Tourault

Francoise was 64 at the time of her death.

Denis Archambault

tué par l'explosion d'un canon qu'il tentait d'allumer pour faire fuirune bande de maraudeurs Iroquois (source: Drouin - généalogie de G.Cuerrier, 1956) (He was killed by an exploding cannon the he was firingto drive off a band of marauding Iroquois.)

Jette, pg 17 says, "tue accidentellement par des fragments provenant del'explosion d'un canon."
With my poor knowlege of French, I believe that he was killedaccidentally when the shot in the canon (which he may have himself beenfiring) exploded. One of the fragments hit him. Denis would have been 21at the time.

Lussiters (history section) notes that Denis was killed in the accidental
misfiring of a canon

Louise Archambault

Jette, page 17, says she died in France.

Marie Charlotte Chauvin

Adopted by her step-father.

Jean Gervaise I

Age 76 at his death. He was substitute procurer fiscal i, 1672-1678 andwas a maitre boulanger. He arrived in Canada 16 Nov 1653.