King Robert CAPET Ii Of France
- Born: 27 Mar 0972, France
- Marriage (1): Rozala OF IVREA in 0989
- Marriage (2): Bertha DE BLOIS in 0996
- Marriage (3): Constance OF ARLES in 1001
- Died: 10 Jul 1031, Melun,,Île-de-France,FRA aged 59
In 987, Robert's father had the nobles crown him as successor at Orléans on December 30th, thereby confirming the house of Capet as rulers of France.
Robert, despite marital problems that saw him temporarily excommunicated by Pope Gregory V, was a very devout Roman Catholic, hence the name Robert the Pious. He was very musically inclined and was a composer, a chorister, and a poet, making his palace a place of religious seclusion, where he conducted the matins and vespers in his royal robes. Part of Robert's piety at the time, was because he did not tolerate heretics and harshly punished them.
The kingdom Robert inherited was not large, and in an effort to increase his power, he vigorously pursued his claim to any of the feudal lands as they became vacant which action usually resulted in war with a counter-claimant. In 1003, his invasion of Burgundy was thwarted and it would not be until 1016 that he was finally able to get the support of the Church and be recognized as the Duke of Burgundy.
The pious King Robert II made few friends and many enemies, including his own sons. Robert's sons, Henry I of France and Robert I, Duke of Burgundy, also turned against their father, in a civil war for power and property. King Robert's army was beaten and he retreated to Beaugency outside Paris.
He died in the middle of the war with his sons on July 20, 1031 at Melun, France He was interred with his third wife, Constance of Arles (973-July 25, 1032) in Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded by son Henry.
Robert's descendants would go on to rule not only France, but England (through his granddaughter Matilda of Flanders' marriage to William the Conqueror), Portugal, Castile, and Leon.
Robert married Rozala OF IVREA in 0989.
Robert next married Bertha DE BLOIS in 0996.
Robert next married Constance OF ARLES, daughter of William OF PROVENCE 1st, Count Of Provense and Unknown, in 1001.