Born July 27, 1778 Rockingham, Virginia
Died March 6, 1853 Adams County, Illinois
Last updated: 04/01/09
Name: John Ausmus
Father: Philip Ausmus
Mother: Catharina (__) Bollinger
Born: 27 Jul 1778; Augusta County, Virginia 
Died: 6 Mar 1853; Adams County, Illinois
Married First: Nancy Hill (11 Dec 1783 - Betw 1820-30)
Children of this marriage:
1. Thomas B. Ausmus (1802-?)
2. Margaret Ausmus (1806-?) 
3. Joseph Osmus (1808 -***recent find by me morgan county living near Madison Clayton 1840 Morgan County***
3. Henry Ausmus (1809-1887) m. Sarah Rigg
4. Philip Ausmus (1811-bef 1870) m. Martha D. Perry
5. John B. Ausmus (1813-1889) m. Elizabeth Rigg
6. Elizabeth Ausmus (1816-1825)
Married Second: Mary (__) after 1840. She was born 1789
John Ausmus' bio was best captured by Myron Henry Ausmus, grandson of John, who at age 90 contributed material to Harry L. Ausmus' book, "Ausmus Family History", published in 1963. According to Harry, Everett Delmar Ausmus of Missouri also aided in providing dates and visited graveyards.
John Ausmus was born to Philip Ausmus and Cathy (_), widow of Isaac Bollinger in that part of Augusta County that would later become Rockingham, Virginia. The area was known as Brock's Gap and was inhabited by white settlers decades prior to John's birth. John grew to about 5'-8" tall and had "real clear blue eyes and light hair like his father". "He was very handsome and enjoyed showing off his expert penmanship . According to this same tradition ,his mother was a school teacher and gave the children better than average education.
In the fall of 1781 or spring of 1782, when John was 3 or 4 years old, his family settled along Sinking Creek in Washington County, North Carolina (Tennessee). The 200 acre parcel was just one mile south of present day Johnson City and three miles west of Jonesboro, home of then, General Andrew Jackson and a soon-to-be born Davey Crockett. John attended church at the Cherokee Baptist Church with his mother and was soon admitted by experience to the Davis Creek Baptist Church in Powell's Valley.
While living in Powell's Valley, John met and married Nancy Hill and moved with her family to Bedford, Tennessee where they didn't stay long. By 1818, 40-year old John and his family moved to St. Clair County, Illinois then one year later moved to Bond County, Illinois. John Ausmus died on March 6, 1853 at the age of 74 in Adams County, Illinois while living with his son, John B. Ausmus after marrying a second time.
1792 (age 14)
In 1792, John's father staked out 600 acres of land in what would become the community of Speedwell in Powell's Valley, TN near the Kentucky border. It is not clear if John traveled with his father and helped in the erecting of a fort-like home where they'd soon live. According to the tax lists, it is clear that John's older brother, Peter, remained at home to watch over the family farm.
1798 (age 20)
John lived with his family on Sinking Creek until about 1798, when they relocated to Powell's Valley.
6 Nov 1802 (age 24)
John Ausmus was admitted to the Davis Creek Baptist Church by experience and wanted the church to accept his proposal to marry his girlfriend, Nancy Hill. Nancy was the daughter of Thomas Hill (?-?) - and Margaret (__) Hill. Nancy was born in North Carolina on December 11, 1783. Thomas and William Hill can be found in the List of Insolvents living in Indian Territory in Grainger County (later Claiborne) in 1797. Also on that list is Thomas' relatives and neighbors from the Pendleton District of South Carolina: Box, Carr, Weaver, Linch - Then later, Berry, Ellison & Cain. Thus, it is very likely the Hill family came from South Carolonia.
In 1802 or 3, John Ausmus and Nancy (Hill) Ausmus had their first child, Thomas B. Ausemus who is named after Nancy's father. Thomas purchases 8,000 acres of land in Morgan County, Illinois on September 19, 1826 . He can be seen in several church records along with his father between 1834 and later. According to tradition , "He later disappeared and it is said that he went to the State of Washington, where there is no further record". He does not appear in a single US census or tax list and there is no record of a marriage. Thomas' middle name is likely "Bollinger" - John's step-brothers and sisters were Frederick, Mary and Barbara Bollinger.
In 1806, John and Nancy had their second child, Margaret Ausmus, who was born in Powell's Valley, Tennessee and named after Nancy's mother. According to , there is no further record of her after she appears in the 1820 census in Bond County, Illinois.
On July 19, 1809, John and Nancy had their third child, Rev. Henry Ausemus (see photo at right) who was born in Powell Valley, Tennessee. Henry was named after John's older brother, Henry Ausmus who had moved up from Washington County and became their neighbor about five years prior. Henry, like his father, loved to show his expert penmanship and like to write poems. Henry married Sarah Rigg on March 21, 1833 . She was the daughter of Richard Watson Rigg and his first wife Elizabeth George. Elizabeth died in 1830 and Sarah died April 17, 1852 . Sarah is buried at the Bell-Keith Cemetery in Missouri Township, Brown County, Illinois. Henry never remarried and preached at many places in Illinois. He can be found in the 1860 census for Brown County, Illinois as a farmer living with no wife and the following children: William, Peter, Nancy and John H. He states that he was born in Tennessee. In 1870 he can be seen living at his son, John's home in Mt. Sterling, Missouri Township, Brown County, Illinois. His 19-year old son, and head of household states he was born in Kentucky, but he was born in TN. In 1880 he can be found amongst many Ausmuses and Huddlestons in Precinct 6 of Lamar County, Texas. He is living with his son, William and lists his age as 70, and being the father of the head of household. Henry lists himself and his father as being born in Tennessee and his mother in Kentucky. On the first of December in 1875, Henry left with three of his sons to northeastern Texas, where he died on September 9, 1887. He was buried in Little Vines Cemetery in Sumner, Texas.
Henry, like his father, John, prided himself in writing poetry. In fact, there seems to be a stream of pride in education, and in creative writing in the entire family. Henry's great grandson, Graydon Ausmus has the following poem from Henry:
Farewell our friends and Comrades all
Farewell to all Brown County
Farewell our native Illinois
with all thats in an round thee
across the wold and Savage land
through troubles great and many
ther's Jule and Charley Pleas and Poor
and Tom and Port and Bailey
ther's Deb and Dutch and Thornton sure
yea Harney Hurst and Taylor
The war is driving us from home
in search of Preparation
to pay for Lincons [sic] Negro Raid
and Negro proclamation
in such a strife we cant Engage
it is so fratricidal
where Brothers fight and battle Rage
to free the yankey Idol
the western slope to which we go
is called the land of money
where grass and grain and fruit do grow
it flows with milk and honey
we'l eat when hungrey drink when dry
and sleep when necessary
we'l labour when we have Imploy
and rest when we are weary
we well remember while at home
the many scenes of pleasure
which we Injoyed [sic] with you our friends
while we were all together
and when hereafter you shall meet
in company all friendly
when times and things go well with you
O think of James and Dudley .
Home Sweet Home, by J.H. Ausmus -youngest son of Henry [grandson of John Ausmus]
I built the big house on the hill
But Oh, I love the little one still
The little gray with the wind and rain
Small of door and window pane
The friendly trees leaned down to talk
Close to the flower bordered walk
The sagging gate where moonlight dreams
Where far in the shadow it's silver stream
A path of light that ran before
And found it's way in the old house door
We built the big house on the hill
But Oh, I love the little one still
The little one shabby and gray with the years
Filled with memories of joys and tears
I pass it by with lonely pain
And my heart and I live there again .
On June 9, 1811, John and Nancy gave birth to Philip Ausemus who was named after John's younger brother, Philip Ausmus [Jr.] and also John's father who had passed away in 1809. Philip would later marry Patsy (__) then later, Martha D. Perry (b. 1810) on September 9, 1832 in Morgan County, Illinois . It seems reasonable that Martha was born in Claiborne County, as her father, Nathan Perry went to Illinois in 1832 along with the George Sharp Sr., family. Three of George Sharp's children married Ausmuses and remain in Tennessee. Philip, like his father, John, and brother, Henry, was a Baptist minister and he was an excellent singer. They lie buried in the Blanchard Cemetery on a private farm graveyard, now owned (1962) by Mrs. Bea Bowen on a rural route in Novelty, Missouri. Phil and Patsy can be seen in the 1840 Census for Brown County, Illinois with a large family. They can also be seen in the 1850 Census for Brown County, Illinois. They are both listed as forty years of age. Their children are Calvin, Sarah, Edmond P, John, Brico, Mary and Rebecca. Philip and his second wife, Martha can be seen ten years later in the 1860 Census for Salt River, Missouri. Martha could not read or write and she is one year older than Philip. Their children include: Sarah, Edmond, Brico A. (male), Mary, Rebecca, Margaret and Miles. Neither can be found in the 1870 census.
After the death of John's mother, Cathy in 1811, John and his family moved to Bedford, Tennessee.
30 Jan 1813 (age 25)
John B. Ausmus is born in Bedford County, Tennessee. On 8 Dec 1836, John married Elizabeth Lavina Rigg (19 Dec 1820 -?) in Schuyler County, Illinois , step-sister to his brother Henry's wife. Elizabeth is the daughter of Richard Watson Riggs and Margaret Utterback. John B. Osmus and his wife can be found in the 1850 Census for Adams County, Illinois at age 37 living with his John Ausmus, Sr. John was the first elected Constable of Concord District, Illinois. John B. Ausemus can be found in the Illinois 101st Infantry, Company "B" during the Civil War. He was a current resident of Jacksonville, Illinois and was mustered in on Sep 2, 1862 and mustered out June 7, 1865. John and his wife can be found in the 1870 Census for Concord, Adams County, Illinois living in the home of Philip ?[unreadble last name] and lists his place of birth as Tennessee. He and his wife moved to Texas in December of 1875, where they lived until his death on September 26, 1889, in Sumner, Lamar County Texas. John and his wife were buried in Little Vines Cemetery and had no children. Like his older brother, Thomas, John's' middle initial is "B". Tradition  states that his middle name was "Bedford". it is this author's opinion that it more likely stood for "Bollinger" - John Sr.'s step-brothers and sisters were Frederick, Mary and Barbara Bollinger.
1 Feb 1815 (age 36)
John's younger brother, Philip married Deidamiah Bratton (b. 01/15/1800). "Deida" was the daughter of Benjamin Franklin Bratton, and Mary Hill, from Randolph County, North Carolina. Benjamin was born about 1767 and died before 1820 in Bond County, Illinois, where the Ausmuses settled. Mary can be seen as head of household when the Census was taken. Benjamin was the son of Robert and Mary (Millikan) Bratton. Their fist child, Mary (Hill) Brattain was born about 1771 and died January 18, 1849. She was buried beside Deida and Philip Ausemus in Moss Cemetery in Morgan County, Illinois.
At about this same time that Philip and John moved to Bedford, Philip's older brother, Peter Ausmus moved nearby to Williamson County, Tennessee  .
In 1816, John and Nancy (Hill) Ausmus had their last child, Elizabeth Ausmus who was born in Bedford County, Tennessee. According to tradition, she died with tuberculosis in St. Clair County, Illinois, at the age of nine years. However, as listed in the 1830 census, a daughter with a similar age is listed as living at home with her parents.
In 1817, John and his older brother Peter Ausmus left Bedford County, TN and moved to St. Clair County, Illinois.
The following families of Powell's Valley can now be seen living in Bond County, Illinois.
John Hunter, Sr 001101 - 00001
John Hunter, Jr. 100010 - 40100
Joseph Hunter: 100100 - 10100
One year later John moved to Bond County, Illinois, where his younger brother Philip Ausmus lived.
16 Dec 1820
John Osmus is living in Powers Township, Bond County, Illinois and engaged in farming. The population of the township was 2,931. John is living near his younger brother, Philip Jr. John and Nancy have the following family members: 210010+110020: Three boys and two girls. Thomas B. Ausmus (17) - Not living in household? Nancy Hill is listed between 26 and 44 years old.
Henry Ausmus (11) - engaged in agriculture by helping his father on the farm
Philip Ausmus (9)
John Ausmus (7)
Margaret Ausmus (14)
Elizabeth Ausmus (4)
According to , Among the pioneer settlers [of Brown County] were the Vanderventers and Hambaughs, John and David Six, William McDaniel, Jeremiah Walker, Willis O'Neil Harry lester, John Ausmus and Robert H. Curry. The County seat is Mount Sterling.
12 Apr 1823 (age 44)
Anderson County, Tenn: Grantee John Ausmus to Nicholas Masingale for $25.00 doth bargain and sell to John Nicholas Masingale, ten acres more or less . Anderson County was created in 1801 from parts of Grainger County.
20 Apr 1823
Anderson County, Tenn: John Ausmus to Nikilis Massingale twenty acres for $150.00 .
April 1820 (age 32)
The act of Congress reducing the price of the public lands from $2.00 to $1.25 per acre was passed on the 24th day of April and took effect on the first day of July thereafter Very little land, if any, had been sold in Morgan county before this time. [I]n a book entitled the "Annals of the West" we learn that there were in 1823 in Morgan County about seventy-two families. In 1821 there were but twenty families in (now) Morgan, Cass and Scott Counties .
31 Jan 1823 Morgan County is created from Greene and Sangamon.
In January 1823, when Morgan county was established, not a human being lived where now  are the hundreds of handsome residences of our city - the homes of thousands of happy hearts; elegant business block - the every day haunt of enterprising and energetic merchants - and scores of schools, churches and charitable institutions - elevating the mind, ennobling the heart and kindly caring fro the dependent - comprising what has endeared itself to the hearts of all her citizens, under the comprehensive name of Jacksonville. The persons who now emigrate to Illinois have but a faint idea of the hardships, privations and troubles of the first settlers. Few have been the years which have rolled away since the county of Morgan, now so populous and flourishing, was a frontier county. The settlers were few and far between; many of them were without dwellings to shelter them and their families from the storms, and none of them had more than a cabin of round logs thrown together in the rudest manner. Provisions of every kind were scarce and very dear; the means of the inhabitants were small and their wants great 
1824 (age 46)
John Ausmus Sr. & Jr. appear on the Morgan County Voters List. One John is registered in Mauvisterre Precinct and the others are all listed in the Center Precinct. John's brother's Peter and a Philip Ausemus are also registered. John is a member of the Mauvaisterre Church.
1825 (age 48)
Schuyler and Adams Counties are created from Pike County. John would live the remainder of his life in the two counties.
19 Sep 1826 (age 49)
John's son, Thomas B. Ausemus purchases 8,000 acres of land in Morgan County, Illinois. Also about this time John moves his family from Morgan County to nearby Schuyler County, Illinois.
The Development of Jacksonville
14 Mar 1828
At the meeting of the county curt on March 4, 1828, the county was divided into seven road districts, which number was shortly greatly increased, so rapidly did the county fill with settlers. On the 6th of the same month, the court ordered the clerk to give notice that on the 10th of April following, the building of a court house would be let to responsible bidders. At first the plan was to construct a brick building, two stories high, forty feet square. On the 22nd a special meeting of the commissioners was called, and the plan altered, making the building fifty feet long and forty feet wide. None of the bids offered for its construction were accepted, and no contracts made that year. 
1829 (age 51)
John leaves the Mauvaisterre Church and becomes one of the elder Charter Members for Mt. Pleasant Church (in nearby Camden, Ill). The Church was Primitive Baptist, the same faith as John's Mother. Camden is about ten miles northeast of Mound Station and Mt. Sterling.
MT PLEASANT (CAMDEN)
Mt. Pleasant Church was organized in the summer of 1829, the first church of any faith in what is now Brown County, and was the first of three churches to be established by the Primitive Baptists before Brown County was organized as a county. Many of the earliest settlers in the county were of the Primitive Baptist faith, and the Indians assisted some of them (e.g., Willis O'Neal) in building their crude homes. The ten charter members, struck off from Mauvaisterre Church, were: Elder John Foster, William Davis, John Ausmus, Mark Riggins, Daniel Shelby, Sister Ivens, with others whose names have been lost, mutually agreed to organize themselves into a church of Jesus Christ. This church met at private houses and schoolhouses at different places until 1854, when they built a good church house which seated about 200 persons, about four miles north of Mt. Sterling. The church was probably a member of the Sangamon Association, and afterward a charter member of three different Associations, viz., Spoon River (1831); Salem (1835); and Mt. Gilead (1842). Pastors of the church included Elders John Foster, Elijah Bell, John Harvey, William Harper, John Harper, William Hogan, James W. Singleton, John Fanshier, James Harper, T. B. Ausmus, B. R. Warren, J. L. Bennett, and H. S. Peak. The church stood in a grove of trees on the Camden road at the north edge of Sec. 29, in the Bell school neighborhood.
SURNAMES: Ausmus, Clark, Cox, Davis, Debell, Estes, Foster, Ivens, Newland, Parker, Rigg, Riggens, Rush, Shelby, Sims, Singleton, Watts, Wilson, Witty, Yowell (very incomplete list due to loss of records). [Source: Church and Family History Research Assistance for Primitive Baptist Churches in Brown County, Illinois]
1830 (age 52)
John Osmus is listed in the census for the newly established Schuyler County, Illinois [Abbrev Sch in map above]. His wife, is listed between the age of 30-40 which does not agree with tradition. His daughter Margaret probably married and is not living in the home.
Henry Ausmus (21)
Philip Ausmus (19)
John Ausmus (17)
Elizabeth (age 15)
16 Aug 1830 (age 51)
John Ausemus purchases 80 acres of land from Ben Shartzer in Morgan County, Illinois. The land is described as the north half of NE section 1 of T15N R11W. This land is located between the towns of Concord and Jacksonville and is adjacent to John's brother, Peter Ausemus who purchased land in section 35 two years prior.
At an unknown date, John's wife, Nancy (Hill) Ausmus dies or leaves. The date is after 1830 and sometime prior to 1840.
TheBlack Hawk War
The winter of 1832
1832 (age 54)
John removed to Concord Township, Adams County, Illinois. According to , The first settlements were made in 1832. John E. Wells settled on section 25 and John Ausmus, on section 17 and O.H. Bennett, on section 9; soon after, the Wallaces and Hobb's and Elijah Ellison. The first schoolhouse was built on section 4, in 1835; the first teacher was Wm. Hobbs; the first ministers of the Gospel that preached in Concord township, were Granville Bond, of the Methodist Episcopal Church, J.B. Curl, of the Christian Church, and harvey, of the regular Baptist church; William Hobbs, David Hobbs and John Ausmus, who were residents of the township, preached occasionally.
According to Early 19th Century German Settlers in Ohio, Kentucky, and other States; pg 55. Concord Township's first settlers were Germans: Johann Bernard Kurle, who bought land in section 6 and Johann Ausmus, who settled in section 17. According to the 1870 township map below, John's son, John Ausemus still had a parcel of land however, this land was located just north of section 17 and into the southern section of section 8. The road east to west is N. 1650th Avenue and the road north to south is E. 2650th Avenue.
NEW PROVIDENCE (URSA) Adams County, Illinois.
New Providence Church was organized as an arm of Mill Creek in May 1833, with seven members; on the third Saturday in September 1833, five charter members organized the church, viz., Pattison Heaton, Polly Heaton, Joel Nelson, James Crank, and Elizabeth Warren. The presbytery was composed of Elders William Roberts, Henry C. Davis, and Brethren Laris Pulman and Jacob Franks (all from Mill Creek); and Elder S. Allphin (from New Bethel Church, near Payson). The church first united with the Spoon River Association, 1833; then in 1835 was one of the churches which constituted the Salem Regular Baptist Association.
This church had pastors Elders Henry C. Davis, Joel G. Williams, William Forsythe, Isaiah Guymon, B. R. Warren, Thomas B. Ausmus, and D. W. Owens. In August 1834, the church "Agree(d) to meet on Thursday and Friday the 28th and 29th instant for the purpose of building a meeting house." This was probably a log structure. A stone building was erected in 1844, which still stands, about a mile north of Ursa, Illinois, as a monument of this church, which ceased to meet regularly in about 1890. A meeting was held in 1904 to transfer the property to the Cemetery Trustees, under an agreement which required perpetual maintenance of the building for use as a church (presumably by the Primitive Baptists).
NEW SALEM (TIMEWELL)
New Salem Church, near Timewell, was organized by Elder John Harvey and others in late 1833 or 1834, with sixteen members, most of whom were dismissed from Mt. Pleasant Church for that purpose. This church united with the Spoon River Association in September 1834, at which time her were messengers Philip Ausmus, John Ausmus, and William Hobbs. They chose Elder John Harvey as their first pastor. The Salem Association was organized at this church in October 1835. In 1842, it was one of the churches which went into the constitution of the Mt. Gilead Association. In the year 1844 they built a log house to worship in, at which time Elder William Hogan was the pastor; in the year 1869 they erected a large frame building with a seating capacity of about 300, at the same site, about 2 miles southwest of Mounds Station on the Wabash road (across the road from the Orton Cemetery). No picture of this building has been located.
Pastors include the names of Elders John Harvey, William Hogan, Peter Ausmus, Bushrod R. Warren, Asher Cottrell, James Harper, and Thomas B. Ausmus. Elders John Harvey, Peter Ausmus, Asher Cottrell, Ware S. May, Henry Robinson, William Hogan, William Hobbs, and Lazarus C. Webb were all members of this church during its history.
29 Jun 1835 (age 56)
John's 25-year old son, Henry Ausemus purchases land in Quincy, Adams County, Illinois [vol. 9, pg 362]
In 1836 (age 57)
Mexico's General, Santa Anna leads 3,000 men and raids the Alamo in Texas, killing 187 Texans.
May 1839 (age 60)
That part of Schuyler County where John lives becomes by Brown County. Brown County's seat becomes the City of Mt. Sterling, Illinois and according to Historical encyclopedia of Illinois and History of Rock Island County published in 1890, it was a town, "of no little attractiveness"
1840 (age 62)
Sixty-two year old John Ausmus can be seen as a widow in the 1840 census for Adams County, Illinois. John's second oldest son, Philip (age 29) is still living at home and his youngest son is living next door as head of household. Ironically, John Sr. is listed as "John B. Ausmus" and his son is listed as "John Ausmus". These are reversed in the 1850 census. This probably signifies that they both had the same middle name.
1842 (age 63)
John Ausmus would have heard about the arrest of Joe Smith. Joe was the leader of a new cult that had followers in Missouri. These followers spread to Illinois and settled in Nauvoo, approximately 30 miles northwest of John's home in concord. The Governor arrested the leader for a number of offenses but Joe escaped. Many citizens believed that these people were trying to set up a separate government for themselves in defiance of the laws of the State. Owners of property stolen in other counties made pursuit into Nauvoo, and were fined by the courts of Nauvoo. This group of followers were called the Mormons and their leader was Joseph Smith. In the spring of 1844 Joe ran for president and proclaimed that he had his genealogy unbroken to the son of Jacob .
At an unknown date, John Ausmus marries a Mary (__) who was born in 1789 in Illinois.
27 Jun 1845 (age 66)
About 1,200 men assembled in Carthage and about 500 in Warsaw, Illinois. These men were preparing to march to Nauvoo, Illinois to search for counterfeit money and the apparatus to make it, supposedly stashed by the Mormons. The march was to also strike fear into the hearts of the Mormon followers hoping to oust them from the area. Instead a posse went to Carthage and ended up getting in a shootout with Joe Smith and his brother, Hiram. Hiram was killed Joe jumped out of a two story building with a ball shot through his body, killing him. Thus fell Joe Smith, the most successful imposter of modern times . Unbenounced to this author in 1879, this killing of Joe would bring martyrdom to Joe thus solidifying the existence of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. Two years after the assassination, the Mormons would leave Nauvoo. On 21 July 1847, Brigham Young and 140 followers arrived at the Great Salt Lake.
May 1846 (age 67)
The Governor of Illinois called for volunteers to fight in the War with` Mexico.
29 Oct 1850 (age 72)
In the 1850 Census for Adams County, Illinois, 72-year old John Ausmus is living in the home with his son, John B. Ausmus, both are engaged in farming. He lists his place of birth as Virginia, which agrees with tradition. Also in the home is John's second wife, Mary Ausmus who was born in 1789 in Illinois .[Mary's place of birth is likely an error as no white settlers were Illinois at this time].
John Ausmus died on March 6, 1853  at the age of 74 in Adams County, Illinois while living next to his son, John. Shortly after his death, his son, Philip moves to Salt River, Knox County, Missouri. John and Henry remained in Illinois until December 1875 when their families moved to Lamar County, Texas.
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