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William Frogg
"The Plantation Owner"

By Eric D. Ausmus
01/01/08

Introduction
In 1653 Lord Cromwell was proclaimed leader and protector of England. In an effort to improve the trade and the wealth of England, the island of Jamaica was settled. In 1656 approximately 1,600 immigrants arrived and settled around Port Morant. Several years later and as plantations began to produce and word of mouth spread, Jamaica began to prosper. Great wealth was brought to the island by the buccaneers, who operated mainly from Port Royal, by plundering Spanish ships which transported gold and silver from South America [26].

With the Hapsburg dynasty waning with King Philip of Spain spending himself into poverty, the Spanish Main slowly lost its grasp on the West Indies. Making matters worse, English and French privateers and pirates continued to plunder the Spanish ships and trading posts throughout the islands putting a strangle hold on the inflow of silver and gold from Mexico and the West Indies.

Jamaica became Oliver Cromwell's beacon of trade and colonization. His hopes of the Puritan movement and the conversion of non-protestants became dashed as the Jamaica turned into the first "Wild West". Port Royal, the largest port in Jamaica became infested by pirates and became to be known at the most wickedest city in the world. Drunkards, debtors, slaves, indentured servants, prisoners and dissenters were all shipped to the colony in order to rid the Mainland of the downtrodden. However, Jamaica was also made up of hard working, risk taking privateers, merchants and plantation owners. After Cromwell's death he was embalmed. King Charles II dragged his body through the streets amongst parading onlookers then hung his corpse before quartering him.

During the early English emigration to the New England colonies of Virginia, Pennsylvania and Massachusetts between 1637 and 1640, William Frogg ventured between the ports of England and the colonies.  His obscure appearance can be seen in in mutilated letter preserved and recorded and the annals of Accomack County, Virginia

The depo of Robt...age 27 yrs. Says "..he carried calfes [calves] to wean...and as Mr. Dodgworth (Dodsworth) [probably Phillipp Dodsworth] appointed h..Mr Throgmorton [Robert Throckmorton] bid Mrs...and a calfe which she attempited[sic]...but could not at the time by ...escape then the said Mr. Frog ...Cuglie [probably Daniel Cugley (? -1641) husband of Hanna Savage (? -1641) "aged about 35 yeeres or ther abouts"; pg 21] bid this deponent take...which she elected which beast was...thence by Mr. Dodsworth ap..." [4].

Prior to 1670, William Frogg purchased a 90 acre plantation in Clarendon Parish, Jamaica [3]

In order to purchase 90 acres in Jamaica, William Frogg would have been a semi-wealthy and an extreme risk taker . William would have been a sugar plantation owner and been involved in the trade between the New World, Great Britain and the West Indies. Typical commodities traded between the colonies included: sugar, cowhide, pimento, dyes, cinnamon, ginger, tortoise shells, slaves and indentured servants.

William's plantation in Jamaica during would have been powered by slaves and white indentured servants shipped from other colonies and the French and British Isles. These slaves would lived on the plantation, not in homes but in tiny shacks or huts. Some would have been made to live in small wooden structures as small as dog houses. Every two hours free to roam in the neighboring ports would have cost them 1 month of extra work in the fields. The plantation required the soil to be hoed, grubbed, de-weeded, de-wormed, sowed, tended and shipped. [5]

The planters of Jamaica did not like the pirates and privateers of the island and they did not like the planters. The slaves were constantly escaping in the middle of the night as runaways and joining the pirates ships. Booty from plundering was a far better risk to reward ratio than toiling in the fields for poor subsidence.

 

Clarendon Parish, Jamaica

Name Acres
Lewis Anderson 58
John Ashley 156
The widow Allwinckle 600
Cornelius Adams 50
Eleanor Barrett 55
Richard Barrett 149
John Butcher and Mates 297.5
George Booth 1200
Robert Barriffe 100
Widow Bolton 100
Robert Brownlow 190
Edward Bramfield 100
John Bankes and Street 60
Ezraell Baldwin 400
Nicholas Bolton 500
Anthony Burroughs 30
Peter Beckford 2238
Lieut.-Col. Robert Bindlos 250
Edward Bull 61
Joseph Bathurst 1200
Major Anthony Collier 1261
Jane Clarke 240
Thomas Casnell 270
Richard Carr 30
Edmund Cross 90
William Courtman 65
Thomas Cole 136
William Coxhead 54
George Child 120
Edward Cock 136
Lord Clarendon 3000
Barbara Call 70
Peter Cockup 60
Robert Cooper 90
Capt. Edward Collier 1020
Peter Copake 160
Henry Dunnell 30
John Downer 210
John Durant 432
Henry Douch 20
Henry Davis 41.25
John Fisher 138
William Frogg 90
William Frame 120
William Follar 30
Hugh Gilbert 93.75
Joseph Gardner 570
Richard Gray 180
William Gent 240
Michael Garrett 91
Joseph Griffin 60
Edward Garrett and Mate      30
Richard Greene 260
Edward Gerrard 25
Hugh Ginge 20
John Gage 10
Martin Goldin 20
William Gunter 200
Capt. Christopher Horner 1083
John Hill 275
Henry Hilliard 1668
John Hewitt 890
George Holsworth 186
George Hammond 65
John Hunt 120
Richard Hooton and Gunter 100
Richard Haymas 100
Thomas Halse 466
Capt. Joachim Hane 1500
Harman Jacob 305
Lt.-Col. William Ivy 1075
John Jonson 220
Edward Isles 30
Ralph Johnson 40
Ruth Kilby 90
Hugh Kinn 81
William Lord 435
John Lock 35
Robert Little 106
Capt. Samuel Long 2200
Jane Lumbard 150
Robert Leonard 100
John Loyd and Franklins 379
John Lory 50
Originall Lewis 70
Richard Mugg and Mates 770
John Marshall 186
John Magill and Mate 60
Adam More 90
John Morant 30
Valentine Munby 105
Francis Man 285
Wm. Mason 185
Richard Masey 50
Daniell Morris 30
Widow Netherland 120
John Newman 112
Richard Ollife 66
Richard Phelps 320
Jasper Pickerine 550
John Powell 60
Roger Phypes 80
Wm. Pritchett 30
George Pattison 122
Wm. Pearse 42
Ralph Rippon 140
George Rickets 40
Edward Ray and Mate 109
Thomas Roden 243
Edmund Rule and Mate 330
Philip Roberts 405
Roger Ramsy and Mate 41.25
Thos. Robinson and Mate 50
George Ragg 36
Elias Sedgwick 10
Francis Starkey 227
Francis Sperry 349
More 240
John Smith 76
Robert Smith 180
Robert Stone 75
John Stiles 90
John Shewin 30
Nathaniell Shin and Mate 84
Robert Smart 60
Michaell Saunders 120
John Shaw 450
Amos Stevens 10
John Sheppard 185
John Skellin 210
John Thompson 300
Joseph Taylor 12
John Taylor 190
John Townsend 210
Benjamin Tillinghurst 300
Robert Varney, Esq. 701
John Vizard 120
Priscilla Willoughby 600
John Warren 188
Robert Warner and Mate 350
Robert Wright 100
Tobias Windsor 60
Thomas Waite 88
Thomas Wills 32
In this parish are 143 families
And by estimate 1430 people

Edward Collier
1668-72. English.  Ships: Satisfaction [Captain Morgan's Flagship].   Although nothing is known about his earlier career, Collier was an experienced captain when he took part in Sir Henry Morgan's expeditions.  Many witnesses, both English and Spanish, claimed he tortured prisoners even more cruelly then Morgan and the other buccaneer captains.
Collier commanded a pirate vessel during Morgan's 1668 raid on Portobelo. At the end of 1668, the 34-gun Oxford was sent to defend Jamaica and to put down piracy. The island's governor gave Collier command, when her previous captain killed the ship's master during a quarrel. Collier captured Captain La Veven, a French pirate, whose ship was seized and renamed the Satisfaction.
Soon after, Collier joined Morgan, who was gathering the buccaneers for his raid on Maracaibo and Gibraltar, Venezuela. The drunken pirates blew up the Oxford in January 1669, but Morgan and Collier were among the lucky survivors. Following this disaster, Collier went off on his own, taking the Satisfaction on an 18-month independent cruise to Mexico and possibly to Cuba.
In September 1670, Collier enlisted in Morgan's Panama expedition and was named "vice-admiral." While the pirates were gathering off southwestern Haiti, Collier took six ships to Venezuela to gather food and information. At Rio De La Hacha, he captured the fort and garrison and ferociously tortured his prisoners. He enjoyed his victims' agonies too much for efficient interrogation, for he missed 2000,000 pesos hidden by the fort's commander. After extorting a ransom in salt, corn, and meat, he rejoined Morgan's main fleet early in December. When Morgan routed Panama's defenders in January 1671, Collier commanded the buccaneers' left wing. He and his men chased after and slaughtered the fleeing enemy. After the Spaniards surrendered, Collier killed one of their chaplains, a Franciscan friar.
Collier took ample plunder during his voyages. In 1668, Jamaica's governor gave him a 1,000-acre plantation next to one of Morgan's estates. Plantations of this size were granted only to men with substantial funds to purchase slaves and tools. Collier did not share Morgan's disgrace after the assault on Panama. Although a new governor arrested Morgan, Collier remained in Jamaica and led preparations to defend the island against a possible foreign invasion.

 

 

References:

  1. Original Scots Colonists: caribbean Supplemental 1611-1707; pg 125
  2. LDS individual entry batch no. C116859
  3. Sainsbury, W. Noel, ed., Calender of State Papers, Colonial Series (Volume 7), America and West Indies, 1669-1674, Preserved in Her Majesty's Public Record Office (Vaduz: Kraus Reprint Ltd., 1964) First Published London: HMSO, 1889. pp. 496-497
  4. Virginia Colonial Abstracts, Vol 1, Accomack County, 1637-1640; transcripts page 154; pg 206; Original mutilated.
  5. Empire of Blue; Stephen Talty;
     

 

 

 

Additional Abstracts and References

William Frog Pedigree
  Male   Family

Event(s):

Birth: 
About 1637   Of, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Christening: 
Death: 
Burial: 

Marriages:

  Spouse:  Alspeth Sinclair Family
  Marriage: 
1672    
William Frog Pedigree
  Male   Family

Event(s):

Birth: 
About 1637   Of, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Christening: 
Death: 
Burial: 

Marriages:

  Spouse:  Alspeth Sinclair Family
  Marriage: 
1672    
  Spouse:  Unavailable Family
WILLIMUS FROGG Pedigree
  Male   Family

Marriages:

  Spouse:  ALICEA COSSIN Family
  Marriage: 
12 JUN 1637   Bolsover, Derby, England

Messages:

Extracted marriage record for locality listed in the record. The source records are usually arranged chronologically by the marriage date.
WILLIAME FROG Pedigree
  Male    

Event(s):

Birth: 
Christening: 
11 FEB 1649   Edinburgh Parish, Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Death: 
Burial: 

Parents:

  Father:  WILLIAME FROG Family
  Mother:  MAUSE STEVINSONE

 

 

 

 

WILLIAM FROGE Pedigree
  Male    

Event(s):

Birth: 
Christening: 
15 OCT 1623   Saint Vigor, Fulbourn, Cambridge, England
Death: 
Burial: 

Parents:

  Father:  HENRY FROGE