Lisburn Standard - Friday, 6 June, 1919
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
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Edited by JAMES CARSON.
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Hillhall Presbyterian Church.
Hillhall is amongst the oldest congregations in the General Assembly. It was originally established as a seceding congregation by a few worthy Scotsmen, who settled in Lisburn about the year 1740 -- via., Snodgrass, Bittle, Patton, and Waddell. These were joined by M'Neice, M'Kee. and others from Drumbo, and by Clarke, Reid, Frazer, and M'Knight, from Largymore. After forming themselves into a congregation, they met for worship somewhere in Chapel Hill, Lisburn.
In a short time after their formation they deputed two of their number to proceed to Scotland and solicit ministerial assistance from the Associated Presbytery, over which the Rev. Ebenezer Erskine then presided as Moderator. When the deputation presented their memorial it was favourably received, and ministerial aid was sent regularly to the newly-formed congregation in Lisburn.
After worshipping for some time in Lisburn, and failing to obtain a site for a church in the town, they accepted the generous offer of a Mrs. Law, of Hillhall, to build a church in one of her fields, choosing the site on which the church stood that has recently been taken down, in order to erect the present handsome and substantial structure. The first church was a long thatched house, with a door at either end, and one to the middle, with an earthen floor. The church was rebuilt in 1896. the Rev. S. Dunlop being minister; it was afterwards enlarged in 1868, the Rev. J. D. Crawford then officiating.
The farm of ten acres on which the Manse is erected was a gift to the congregation made by a Mr. Ross shortly after it was formed.
The first minister was Rev. Mr. Greer, who was succeeded by the Rev. James Hume. The Rev. Mr. Bell succeeded Mr. Hume, and after him came Mr. Hunter, ordained on 1st March, 1796. On the 25th August, 1825, the Rev. Samuel Dunlop was ordained to succeed Mr. Hunter. After Mr. Dunlop came the Rev. J. D. Crawford, who was installed March 29th, 1866. Mr. Crawford was released from the charge of Hillhall in May, 1881. on his accepting a call to Albert Street Church, Belfast.
The Rev. Robert Robson was installed by the Synod of Belfast on 2nd July, 1883. He officiated until his death on 12th October, 1906, and through his instrumentality the handsome new church, opened in August, 1903, has been erected. It contains memorial windows to the late J. D. Barbour, D.L., and Rev. S. Dunlop, a former pastor. There is also a National School, recently erected at a cost of £600, convenient to the church, of which Mr. Hunter, B.A., is principal and Miss Cupples assistant.
Interim Session, 1906 -- Rev R. Robson, B.A. Committee -- Henry Bell, James Boomer, Wm.. Bowden (jun.), Robert H. Clarke, Jas. Clarke, John Caldwell, John Downing, Jas. H. Finlay, Samuel Finlay, Jas. Gilliland (Orr's Lane), James Gilliland (Lisnatrunk), John Graham, Wm. Hamilton, James Leinster, Samuel M'Kittrick, Dr. Munce, Joseph M'Millan, John M'Nair, James Murdoch, William John Murdoch, W. J. Porter, John Reid, John Shannon, John Simpson, William Stewart, Robert Todd, Samuel Todd, Christopher Todd.
Mr. Robson was succeeded by the Rev. Gilmour Neill who was ordained to the pastoral oversight of Hillhall congregation on May 8th, 1907. Mr. Neill demitted his charge in May, 1913, having accepted a call to St. Andrew's Church, Portsmouth. He acted as chaplain to his Majesty's Forces throughout the war, serving first at Portsmouth and later in France. He was wounded in June, 1918.
The Rev. William M'Nutt, B.A.. the present pastor, was installed in Hillhall on August 13th, 1913, In 1915 he received a chaplain's commission in the army, and served in Gallipoli, taking park in the landing at Suvla Bay. Invalided home, he afterwards rejoined, and served in France and Belgium till the close of the war.
Kirk Session, 1919 -- Rev. Wm. M'Nutt, B.A., Moderator; Dr. James Munce, clerk; Henry Bell, Robert H. Clarke. Jas. M. Harvey, Robert Simpson, William Stewart, Samuel Todd. Committee -- Jas. Boomer, Jacob Bell, W. J. Duff, James Finlay, James Frazer, John Gardiner, W. J. Gillespie, James Gilliland, William Hamilton, Samuel Lockhart, Robert Mackey, Hugh M'Clean, John M'Clenaghan, Thomas M'Connell, John Simpson, George Simpson, Samuel Taylor, Christopher Todd, Robert Turner.
The original portion of the present church, with the exception of the tower, was built through the instrumentality of the Rev. Alexander Orr, in 1849. It is generally understood that the church of Lambeg is on the site of an older foundation. In Lewis' Topographical Dictionary we read: "Lambeg church occupies the site of an ancient monastery said to have been founded in the 15th century by MacDonnell for Franciscan friars of the third order. From a part of the churchyard being called the 'Nuns' Garden' it has been supposed that there was a nunnery here.
The church contains mural tablets in memory of Jonathan Richardson Glenmore; George M'Comb, Lambeg; and windows to the memory of Bishop Mant and J. D. Barbour, D. L. Conway. The church was served in modern times from Lisburn, as in the churchyard is to be found the tombstone of the Rev. Saumarez Dubourdieu, for fifty years officiating clergyman of Lambeg and of the French Protestants in Lisburn.
In 1810 the Rev. James Morewood was appointed to Lambeg. He obtained a lease of 14 Acres from the Marquis of Hertford and built the Rectory. Since then the Belfast Road was made, which cut off one side of the Rectory grounds, and later on the railway was made through the glebe, leaving the Rectory standing upon as angle. The Rev. John Bradshaw succeeded Mr. Morewood in 1826, and afterwards the following appointments were made:-- Rev. Robert Rowan, 1838 to 1841; Rev. Charles Lett, 1841 to 1847; Rev. Alexander Orr, 1847 to 1860; Rev. Thomas Cosgrave, 1860 to 1871; Rev. H. Percy Grubb (curate in charge), 1870 to 1871; Rev. W. Hobson, three months in 1871; Rev. W. Stewart Ross, 1872 to 1874; Rev. George Yeates, 1874 to 1877; and Rev. B. Banks, the present rector, was appointed in 1877.
Churchwardens. 1906 -- J. Milne Barbour, M.A., and Adam P. Jenkins. Select Vestry -- Chas. H. Richardson, J.P.; R. Gilmour, T. Murdoch, G. Burke, Richard Crone, Joseph Frazer, H. A. M. Barbour, M.A.; R. M'Comb, G. Long, A. Campbell, G. Robinson, Isaac Duffin.
The earliest record preserved of this ancient church is a register of baptisms, marriages, and burials 1696-1778. In 1648 the church was almost destroyed during a battle between the Royalist forces and the Scots, but was afterwards rebuilt. Till 1750 the roof was of shingles. The old church was enlarged, 1813, giving accommodation for about 450 persons. The present new church was consecrated in 1872, and it is interesting to note that the flagon, chalice, and patten, of solid silver, bearing the date 1768, are still in use. The Rev. John Goyer, 1709-1738, was the first vicar whose name appears in the parochial records. Rev. Philip Johnston, vicar, 1772-1833, of Ballymacash House, reference to whom has been made, in our general history. Rev. Thomas Thompson was vicar 1836-1858. Rev. Henry Stewart, father of the Rev. Joseph A. Stewart, of Killowen, was vicar from 1858-1872. Rev. S. M. Moore, 1872-1898. The present vicar is the Rev. Charles E. Quinn, B.A.; curate till his death -- Joseph A. Stewart, M.A.; churchwardens, 1906 -- E. J. Charley, J.P.; Robert M'Henry: select vestry -- W. J. Boomer, Ed Sinclair, T. Brice, Joseph Waring, John MacHenry, William Boomer, R. Brown, W. MacHenry, W. MacHenry, jun.; John Waring, Hugh Torney, and Joseph Mills.
In April, 1892, a chapel of ease, recently named St. Mark's Church, was opened at Ballymacash for the convenience of the parishioners who reside in that part of the parish. Rev. Joseph A. Stewart generally officiates in the church.
During the latter part of the 18th century education seems to have been in a flourishing condition in Derriaghy. Some records of the year 1794, kept in the parish church, show there were then four schools in the district. Very little more is known about the progress of education until the year 1830, when a fine schoolhouse was built adjoining the church. This school was under the control of the Church Education Society. In the year 1888 a very fine schoolhouse was erected by the Charley family, in memory of the late Miss Mary Charley, and presented to the parish. The schools were in the same year taken into connection with the National Board. The growing needs of the parish necessitated the building of a new infant school, and in the year 1897 this was accomplished. There is also a school at Ballymacash, originally build in 1790, by Rev. Philip Johnston, and afterwards rebuilt in 1833 by E. Johnston, Esq. This school has been conducted for a considerable time under the National Board Manageress, Miss Johnston, Ballymacash House.
KING'S BIRTHDAY HONOURS.
SEVERAL LISBURN RECIPIENTS.
The King has been graciously pleased, on the occasion of his Majesty's birthday, to give directions for the following appointments for services rendered in, connection; with the war:--
Order of St. Michael and St. George.
To be Companions of the Order of St. Michael and St. George:--
Lieut.-Colonel and Brevet Colonel (temp. Brigadier-General) Charles Levinge Gregory, C.B., 19th. Lancers, Indian Army, brother of District-Inspector Gregory, R.I.C.
Major and Brevet Lieut.-Colonel (temp. Lieut.-Colonel) Hugh William M'Call, D.S.O., Yorkshire Regt., son of Mr. R. A. M'Call, K.C., London, and grandson of the late Mr. Hugh M'Call, Lisburn, a well-known Ulster journalist.
Lieut.-Colonel (temp. brig.-gen.) Guy Archibald Hastings Beatty, D.S.O., Indian Army -- a member of an old Lisburn family.
Order of the British Empire.
To be Officers:--
Lieut.-Colonel William Dawson Beatty (Royal Engineers), son of the late Mr. Thomas Beatty, C.E., Department of Public Works, India, and grandson of the late Mr. David Beatty, J.P., Bow Street, Lisburn. Colonel Beatty recently piloted an aeroplane in a successful flight from London to Madrid.
Major Gerald Valentino Ewart, R.A.S.C, son of Mr. F. W. Ewart, Derryvolgie, Lisburn.
Lieut.-Colonel G. W. J. F. Stannus, r.p., 1st County of London Yeomanry (Reserve of Officers) son of the late Mr. Walter Trevor Stannus, D.L., of Lisburn.
V.C. Here Promoted.
To be Brevet-Major -- Captain J. A. Sinton, V.C., M.B., Indian Medical Service, nephew of Mr. Edwin Sinton, Ravarnette, Lisburn.
Distinguished Service Order.
Quartermaster and Major John Burke, M.C., D.C.M., 2nd Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers, son of the late Sergeant J. S. Burke, Tullynacross, Lisburn.
Meritorious Service Medal.
19287 Coy. Q.M.S. Thomas Waring, 12th Batt. Royal Irish Rifles, son of the late Mr. James Waring, Smithfield, Lisburn.
Distinguished Conduct Medal.
19/208 Lance-Corporal W. Curry, 16th Batt. Royal Irish Rifles, Lisburn.
12290 Coy. Q.M.S. S. Harmon, 9th Batt. Royal Irish Fusiliers, Lisburn.
18 Coy. Q.M.S. H. M'Kee, 16th Batt. Royal Irish Rifles, Lisburn.
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Lisburn Standard - Friday, 13 June, 1919
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
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Edited by JAMES CARSON.
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Ulster Provincial School.
Ulster Provincial School, situated on Prospect Hill, Lisburn, was founded in consequence of a bequest made in 1764 by John Hancock, a member of the Society of Friends, and a resident in Lisburn. By his will he bequeathed the sum of £1,000 (Irish currency) to the care of four trustees, for the purpose of purchasing lands. With the yearly rents and profits from those lands the trustees were to establish a school within the bounds of the Lisburn Monthly Meeting of Friends for the education of the children of members of that Society. His will also left directions for the reception of one boarder, who was to be trained as a schoolmaster. In June, 1766, Francis, Earl of Hertford, granted a lease to the aforesaid trustees of 20 acres of land for the purpose of building the said school. This lease was renewable for ever under certain conditions. John Hancock's will had expressly stipulated that no part of the money left by him should bo used for building purposes, and it is evident that owing to these stipulations difficulties arose in carrying out his bequest. As a consequence, subscriptions amounting to £1,300 were raised among the Friends of England and Ireland, and with this the original building was erected on the lands leased from the Marquis of Hertford. In 1774 this building was opened as a boarding school for the children of the Friends. Its first head master was John Gough. His "History of the People called Quakers," in four volumes, written while he was head master of the school, and published in Dublin, by Robert Jackson, in 1789, is one of the standard authorities on this subject. He also published an arithmetic, which for a large number of years held its position as a standard text book in Irish schools. John Gough died in 1791, and for some time the school seems to have been very small.
In 1794 the building was considerably enlarged, and the management placed in the hands of a committee appointed by the Ulster Quarterly Meeting of the Society of Friends. It has continued practically under the same management up to the present day. One-third of the Managing Committee retire each year, but the retiring members are eligible for re-election. Large legacies and donation's come to it at various times, and considerable funds were raised for its support among the Friends, not only of Ulster, but also of Leinster, Munster, and England.
From 1794 to 1875 there was little change in the educational arrangements of the school. The object aimed at was to give a sound practical English education, calculated to prepare the pupils for business and commercial life. Throughout its history very special stress has always been put upon the moral training of the pupils.
Records seem to be wanting of the gentlemen who acted as head masters of the school, from the death of John Gough, in 1791, to the appointment of the late Joseph Radley, in 1875. With him the school entered upon an era of prosperity, which has continued with little intermission up to the present day. With Joseph Radley's advent the education became rather more liberal in character. In the 25 years during which he was head master the school made great strides. In 1878 the committee built the handsome front and wings, and in 1894 a fine dining-hall and gymnasium, and improved dormitory accommodation were provided. Four years later a splendid swimming bath was erected, to which a heating apparatus for the water has been added.
Up to about the year 1880 the pupils admitted to the school had been exclusively Friends. It was decided, however, that its doors should be opened to receive children who were members of other denominations, and the proportion of these in the school has steadily grown.
In the year 1900 Joseph Radley retired, and W. D Braithwaite, B.A. (Lond.), B.Sc. (Lond.), was appointed head master. Extensive changes were at once made in the curriculum and educational equipment of the school, so as to bring it into line with appeared principles of modern education, and the school definitely took its position among the principal educational establishments in Ulster. The education given was widened and deepened so as to enable its pupils to pass from the school to the university, or into the professions which do not need a university training.
Its equipment for science teaching is unusually complete. This school was one of the first two or three in Ulster to have a chemical laboratory, and for the last twenty years natural science has been a strong point in its scheme of education. A new chemical laboratory was opened in 1906, which is excellently equipped. There is also a physical laboratory, lecture room, balance room, photographic room, nature study laboratory, and workshop.
The site is bracing and healthy, overlooking the valley of the LAgan, and in a favourable day the view from its windows includes the Mourne Mountains in front and the Divis Hills behind. The playing fields are very extensive, including two large football fields and a cricket field for the boys, and a hockey field and tennis ground for the girls.
The staff in 1906 included -- William D. Braithwaite, B.A. (Lond.), B.Sc. (Lond), head master; Janes Woolman, B.A. (Lond.), mathematics and science; Frederick J. Clarke, modern languages; William T. Sinclair, B.A., R.U.I., classics; Thomas Mayne, Benjamin D. Fox, David Gould, drawing; Hugh Murray, carpentry and woodwork; Winifred Green, B.Sc (Lond.), mathematics; H. Laura Squire, Ada S. Budd, Music; Matilda Hunter, music; Margaret J. Sinton, R.U.I.; Annie Murray, shorthand and typewriting. Frederick Bell, Parkville, Lisburn, was secretary to the school, and Joseph C. Marsh, of Belfast, chairman of the Managing Committee.
W. D. Braithwaite retired in 1910, and later conducted a school in Yorkshire. He was succeeded by John Ridges, M.A., of St. John's College, Cambridge, who had been head master of Leighton Park School, Reading, a school of the Society of Friends.
After a brief period the school was reorganised so as to come within the supervision of the Intermediate Board of Education for examination and inspection purposes and reap the advantages of all the various aids granted by the State for public secondary education.
Technical work in science and drawing has been supplemented by similar work in manual instruction and domestic economy, These two latter subjects are placed in the hands of the expert teachers of the Lisburn Municipal Technical School. The boys are taught wood and iron work, and the girls needlework, cookery, and hygiene in that well-equipped modern school.
The girls' side steadily increased in number up to 54, and the number of girl boarders reached the record of 31 in 1919, the total number of boys and girls amounting to 100. This was the number aimed at by Joseph Radley at the time of the enlargement of the school.
The staff in 1919 included -- John Ridges, M.A, (Camb.), head master; James Woodman, B.A. (Lond.), mathematics and science, with three other assistant masters; Ada S. Budd (music), head mistress, with three assistant mistresses; David Gould, drawing; A. W. Anderton (assistant music).
County Antrim Infirmary.
The County Antrim Infirmary was established at Lisburn in the year 1767, pursuant to Act of Parliament. This act allowed the governors to take or receive lands not exceeding £200. the infirmary is supported by private subscriptions and county presentments.
One of the earliest surgeons was Dr. Dennis Kelly, who died in 1777; another was Dr. Stewart, a well-known physician, he was succeeded by Dr. William Thompson, who for nigh half a century occupied the post. The present surgeon, Dr. StGeorge, has now, in 1919, for over 33 years held the position with great success. Since the appointment of Dr. St. George there have been many alterations and improvements effected, and with the installation of the X-rays in the operating room -- a gift of the Barbour family -- electric lighting and a lift, it is now well equipped with all modern appliances.
Thompson Memorial Home.
This is a beautiful and stately building standing convenient to the Magheraleave Road about a quarter of a mile from the town. It was erected to the memory of the late William Thompson, M.D., surgeon, to the County Antrim Infirmary for upwards of half-a-century. The cost of erection and endowment was borne by his widow, his daughter (Mrs. Bruce), and son-in-law, James Bruce, Esq., D.L. It was opened in 1885, and has ever since been a great boon as a home for aged and incurable people of both sexes, where they are provided in their declining years with every necessary comfort.
Lisburn News Room.
This News Room was established about 1838, and met in the Assembly Rooms. It continued there for a very considerable time until circumstances arose that caused its removal to a room in Market Square. It continued there until the place was pulled down and re-built by Messrs. Todd Bros. They then removed to a room over the surgery of the late Dr. Kelso, and subsequently, after the re-building of their former domicile, they returned to the premises, over Messrs. Todd's shop. The minutes containing the records of the room during those years in a most interesting history of many of the important events happening in Lisburn during this portion of the 19th. century. After the withdrawal of the News Room from the Assembly Room, a new organisation was formed called "The Conservative News Room," and this institution existed down to the re-building of the Assembly Rooms, which was completed in the year 1889. An effort was then made by the members of the Lisburn News Room to be re-instated in their old habitation on a larger and more generous basis, and the whole history of the Room was put before Sir Richard Wallace, who, after mature consideration, decided to grant the room at a nominal rent to the old Lisburn News Room, to be managed as a non-sectarian and non-political news room. At the first meeting Mr. G. B. Wilkins was elected secretary, and acted till his death. The room is equipped with two splendid billiard tables, a fine selection of papers, periodicals and magazines, chess, draughts, &c., and at one time a very good library. Besides the large room the committee secured a small room adjoining, which was formerly called the Workingmen's News Room. This is used as a reading-room. The treasurer is Mr. Thomas Malcolmson, manager of the Ulster Bank, and the secretary Mr. D. Barbour Simpson.
The Temperance Institute.
The Temperance Institute was erected by the Lisburn Temperance Union in the year 1890. The foundation stone was laid by Mrs. John D. Barbour.
The late Sir Richard Wallace, Bart, gave the site free. The cost of the buildings and furnishings was about £3,500. Of this amount the late James N. Richardson, Esq., of Lissue, first president of the Temperance Union, generously contributed upwards of £800, and collected from his friends about an equal amount. The late Rev. Joseph A. Stewart, Pond Park, and the late John D. Barbour, Esq., of Hilden, were also large contributors to the building fund.
The first trustees were John D. Barbour, D.L., Hilden; James R. Boyd, Grenwood; James N. Richardson, Lissue; John Stevenson, Woodlands; Rev. Joseph A. Stewart, Pond Park.
The reading-room is supplied with the leading dailies. There is also a billiard room, gymnasium, and cafe.
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BISHOP JEREMY TAYLOR AND KILLULTAGH.
To the Editor, "Lisburn Standard."
Sir, -- Referring to the interesting and informative articles by Mr. Dundas in your issue of 2nd and 9th ult., I wish to add a note extracted from the Commonwealth Council Books in the Public Record Office, Dublin, relating to Weeke, the predecessor of Dr. Taylor in Lisburn. Mr. Weeke (or Wyke) had an unsettled time in Co. Down, and in 1659 was in Donaghcloney. In that year the inhabitants of Magheralin petitioned for him to be appointed their minister, he being ready to go because a great part of the said parish consisted of Englishmen, and "ye most part of Donaghcloney (where he now officiates) consists of Papists and Scotts, who are so bound up to their owne judgments that they will not admit of any other."
Mr. Weeke's controversial labours will be the better understood by reference to a detailed account of a discussion with Presbyterians at Antrim Castle given in Adair's "True Narrative," p. 186 et seq.
Adair pronounces him "void of human learning, never educated that way, but a tradesman, and imprudent." Naturally Taylor would not care to act as assistant to an Independent of such a reputation.
J. W. KERNOHAN.
LISBURN PETTY SESSIONS.
SMART FINES IMPOSED IN RAILWAY CASES.
Objectionable Behaviour at Lisburn Station.
This Court was held yesterday, before Messrs. J. Milne Barbour, D.L. (presiding), Alan Bell, R.M.; William M'Ilroy, J.P.; W. J. M'Murray, J.P.; and William Davis, J.P. District-Inspector Gregory, R.I.C., and Mr. T. J. English, C.P.S., were in attendance.
The Great Northern Railway prosecuted Samuel Fleming, Longstone Street, Lisburn, for, as alleged, travelling on the Railway between Belfast and Lisburn on Sunday, 1st June, without having previously paid his fare, and, on a second charge, for indecent behaviour on the company's premises; and Edward Kelly, ticket collector in Lisburn Station, summoned Fleming for assault. William J. Fleming, Bachelors' Walk, brother of Samuel Fleming, was charged by John Allister, station-master, with assault, and he was prosecuted at the instance of the Railway Company for using obscene and indecent language in the presence of passengers at Lisburn Station.
Mr. Wellington Young prosecuted, and Mr. W. G. Maginess defended.
Mr. Young described the cases as probably the most important ever heard in Lisburn Court. The Railway Company, owing to the representations of the Lisburn Urban Council, had restored the Sunday train service, and the charges brought against the defendants arose out of the running of the very first train. The Sunday train would be taken off again if some people, who evidently went to Belfast for the purpose of getting drink, did not conduct themselves. He would prove that the conduct of the defendants was very objectionable, and would ask that a very stiff penalty be imposed. The travelling public as well as the railway servants must be protected.
Edward Kelly, ticket collector, said defendant, Samuel Fleming, came off the 8.45 p.m. train ex-Belfast. He made a rush to bolt through the door, and witness stopped him and asked him for his ticket, and, on being asked for the fare or his name and address, made another rush past the barrier. Witness got hold of Fleming, who seemed under the influence of drink, and Fleming caught him and assaulted him. William J. Fleming came up from behind and caught witness. When he turned round he saw William J. Fleming arguing and shouting with the station-master.
By Mr. Maginess -- He did not know either of the Flemings before. He learned since that Samuel Fleming was a bricklayer, and travelled up and down to Belfast on the railway every day. It was impossible to remember every passenger's face.
Mr. Young -- I should think so; there are 700 workmen travelling up to and from Belfast every day.
Continuing to reply to Mr. Maginess, Kelly said neither of the Fleming's gave him a ticket, when he was holding Samuel, William struck witness with his fist and shoved him back. William Fleming later on that evening attempted to assault witness on the street, but a man named Keery held him back.
John Allister, stationmaster, said he was standing a few yards from the barrier when the train arrived. His attendance was immediately drawn to the barrier by a sort of fuss there. He saw that Samuel Fleming had ticket conductor Kelly by the throat. He went forward to Kelly's assistance and the other man (William J. Fleming) came from behind and tried to get at Kelly. "I warned William J. Fleming", said the station master, "and he then made to strik me. I stepped back and got the blow on the shoulder instead of the face."
Mr. Young -- Was it a deliberate blow? Yes, if I had got it on the jaw I would have known more about it.
Continuing to reply to Mr. Young's questions, witness said that Kelly would have got badly abused had he not interfered. Samuel Fleming used the most abominable and obscene language. The platform was crowded at the time as a train had just come in and one was about to depart. There were a lot of ladies and children on the platform. Some of the passengers stepped in and held William J. Fleming back. Sergt. Young and Const. Kelly got the Flemings outside the barrier and the Sergt. got their names and addresses. William Fleming had a ticket in his hand but he refused to give it up. He came down to the station the next day with the ticket and offered an apology, but witness said that Fleming's conduct had been so bad the previous evening that he would not listen to him.
By Mr. Maginess -- No person could get into or out of the station owing to altercation.
Sergt. Young said he saw altercation between two men and collector Kelly. William Fleming endeavoured to assault the stationmaster. The Flemings were very, disorderly, and used very filthy language.
Constable Kelly corroborated. He saw William J. Fleming strike the stationmaster, and a man named Keery stopped in between them. Collector Kelly and Samuel Fleming were in holds at the time.
For the defence Mr. Maginess said there was no doubt the two men had committed an offence. Samuel Fleming was coming out first and gave up his ticket. There was a rush of people to get on the platform at the time, and in the excitement the collector must have forgotten that he had got Samuel Fleming's ticket. He asked Fleming fot his ticket again, and Fleming and his brother, wrongly, of course, resented that, and that was the cause of the whole trouble.
Wm. John Fleming, called to give evidence, on his brother's behalf, said that his brother gave up his ticket to the collector, and went through the barrier; but he (witness) could not find his own ticket at the moment, and his brother came back to see what was keeping him. Kelly asked his brother for his ticket again, and when he said he had given it up Kelly caught him and shoved him back. There was not much of a melee.
By Mr. Young -- Witness was first at the barrier, but his brother was first out as he (witness) could not find his ticket for a moment or two.
Samuel Fleming corroborated his brother's statement. Both of them, he admitted, had taken some drink.
Mr. Maginess contended that Samuel Fleming could not be convicted on the charge of travelling without having previously paid his fare. He could not have got access to the station at Belfast without a ticket.
Their Worships retired for a short time, and on their returning to the court.
The Chairman said that Samuel Fleming was convicted for assaulting Edward Kelly, and would be fined 40s and 20s costs, he was also convicted for using obscene and filthy language in the presence of passengers, and would have to pay 40s and costs of court.
William J. Fleming for assaulting the stationmaster would be fined 40s and 20s costs, and for using obscene and filthy language in the presence of passengers, 40s and costs of court. As regards the complaint against Samuel Fleming for travelling without having previously paid his fare the magistrates considered that the case was not proved, and they marked it dismissed without prejudice.
Samuel Fleming was further summoned by Sergeant Rourke for drunkenness; but as this was "a continuance of the station trouble," their Worships dismissed the case.
Motor Car Prosecution.
James Campbell, chauffeur, in the employment of Mr. Frank Workman, was prosecuted at the instance of the Crown for having, on 24th ult., driven a motor car at an excessive rate of speed in Seymour St. to the danger of the public.
Head-Constable Gould conducted the prosecution, and Mr. Joseph Allen, solicitor, appeared for the defence.
Sergeant Rourke deposed that on the evening in question, a few minutes after eight o'clock, he observed two motor cars approaching the lower end of Seymour STreet from the town, and they appeared to be racing. The identification number of the leading car -- the larger of the two -- was OJ-1170. He was unable to get the number of the other car. At the time there was a band coming up from Wesley Street, and a great deal of traffic was on the thoroughfare. He estimated the rate of speed at which the cars were travelling at about 30 miles an hour.
To Mr. Allen -- The part of the street at that place was the widest in the town -- it was the junction of several roads -- but there was a good many people and children there. No one was interfered with, though people shouted to look out.
Mr. Bell -- It dosen't matter whether it was the widest place or not, there was no right in a populous town like Lisburn to be driving at a high rate of speed. Is there no speed limit there?
Mr. Young -- No, sir; but the Council are going to pass a bye-law at he next monthly meeting regulating the speed at not more than ten miles an hour.
Mr. Bell -- Quite right.
Mr. Allen, in opening the defence, said there was no racing between the cars -- in fact they did not know each other -- and his client's car was not going at more than 10 miles. As their Worships knew, it was very difficult for anyone to ascertain the speed of a passing car.
H. C. Kelly, sub-sheriff of Co. Down, said he was one of the occupants of the first car, which was returning from Dublin. They proceeded through Lisburn at a small pace, and from the time the accelerator was put on after coming down Seymour Street hill it would be absolutely impossible to get up a speed of 30 miles or even 20 miles an hour. He believed the sergeant had just made a mistake. He knew nothing whatever about the second.
Constable Kelly, having corroborated the sergeant's evidence,
The magistrates consulted, after which the chairman announced that there was a doubt, but a majority decided that the case was proved, and defendant would be fined 5s and costs.
Willis v. English.
This was a case in which Susan Willis sought to recover from Thomas English, an ex-soldier, five weeks keep of a child, at the rate of 5s a week.
Mr. W. G. Maginess appealed for the applicant, and Mr. Joseph Allen for the defence.
Evidence was partly heard when their Worships stopped the case, dismissing it without prejudice on the ground that it should be brought forward in another form.
Crangle v. Keegan.
Wm. Crangle, dealer, Smithfield, summoned Elisabeth Keegan, Hill Street, for refusing to return three chairs, which he claimed as his property.
In a cross-case Mrs. Keegan summoned Crangle for assault on 22nd last.
Mr. W. G. Maginess appeared for Crangle, and Mr. N. Tughan Belfast, for Keegan.
It appeared from the evidence that the parties had been old sweethearts, and Crangle had formerly resided with Keegan. When he changed his lodgings he left the chairs behind, and the woman had since declined to return them.
Mrs. Keegan alleged that she had paid for the chairs, and that Crangle had been causing her much annoyance by his attentions. On the date mentioned he came to her house and assaulted her, and she was afraid of him.
The reading of a number of passages from letters which had passed between Crangle and Keegan caused a good deal of laughter, but their publication on the improve the tone of a family newspaper.
Their Worships dismissed the case against Mrs. Keegan and fined Crangle 5s and 10s costs for the assault on her, and farther bound him over to keep the peace for twelve months or in default, be imprisoned lor one month.
Alleged Abusive Language.
An old woman named Catherine Brady, Market Lane, summoned two young women named Mary M'Stravick, Bullick's Court, and Mary Dignan, Market Lane, for, as alleged, using abusive language towards her on 19th and 20th May. There were the usual cross-cases.
Mr. Tughan appeared for Brady, and Mr. Maginess for the others.
All the cases were dismissed, the magistrates being of the opinion that Mrs. Brady had brought a good deal of the trouble on herself.
Mary Dignan and her sister had formerly lodged in her house, and were comrades of Mrs. M'Stravick, whose husband, the latter stated, was the first Lisburn man to be wounded in the war.
Constable Kelly v. Joseph Moffett, drunk on Saturday night on the North Circular Road. 5s and costs.
Sergeant Duffy v. Robert Abbott, leaving a horse and cart on the street without any person being in proper control, on Saturday night. 10s and costs.
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
At the Town Court, Thomas Jefferson, on the testimony of Sergeant Duffy, was fined 5s and costs for being drunk on the 9th inst.
OFFICERS' MEMORY PERPETUATED.
A brass tablet, mounted on oak, has been erected in Ballybay Presbyterian Church to the memory of Lieut. T. M. S. Boyd, M.B., R.A.M.C. Lieut. Boyd was a brother of Mr. Joseph Boyd, late cashier in the Ulster Bank, Lisburn.
LISBURN OUT-OF-WORK DONATION CASE.
DEFENDANT GIVEN BENEFIT OF HIS WAR RECORD.
At Belfast Quarter Sessions on Tuesday, before His Honour Judge Craig, William Gillen, Bradbury Buildings, Lisburn, pleaded guilty to an indictment charging him with having, on January 2, obtained from Edward Kerr, an official of the Ministry of Labour at Lisburn, the sum of 19s 4d and on January 9 the sum of 9s 8d out-of-work donation by means of false pretences.
Mr. H. Maginess, who appeared for the prisoner, said the latter was an old soldier, and had served two terms of twelve years. In the present war he joined up in 1915, and served till May 19, 1918, when he was invalided out of the army on account of having contracted malaria at Salonika. Since then he had been attending the Co. Antrim Infirmary, Lisburn, and had to undergo treatment periodically. He was a very ignorant man, and could neither read nor write.
His Honour -- He doesn't look ignorant.
Mr. Maginess -- His discharge shows that he served his country well.
Mr. Alexander Patterson said he employed the accused, but he was not able to work continuously. He was a fine worker when he was sober.
His Honour -- That is the rock he splits on?
Witness -- Yes.
Answering Mr. J. K. Moorhead (Crown Solicitor), witness said at the time prisoner was receiving the out-of-work donation there were days he could not work at all. He had known him for 23 years, and believed he had served in India and South Africa.
Addressing the prisoner, His Honour said if he had not been an old soldier and had not served his country he would have sent him to jail. He had no patience with this style of offence against the public weal -- stealing public money, for that was what it was. But in consideration of his health -- though he was not sure that the drink was not worse than the malaria -- he was going to allow him off to the extent that he would put him under a rule of bail to come up for sentence any time within the next twelve months. The money was paid back by the accused, after which he left the dock.
At a later stage, His Honour, reverting to the case, said he supposed such donation was so easily got that it was a strong temptation. He had seen in the newspapers where some people in England had actually gone in a motor car to draw their out-of-work donation. (Laughter.)
Mr. Moorhead said a similar incident occurred in Belfast a short time ago. He knew of a lady munition worker who visited the Labour Exchange in a motor car to draw her allowance.
HILLSBOROUGH PETTY SESSIONS.
The usual monthly court was held on Saturday, the 7th inst., before the following Magistrates:-- Messrs. Alan Bell, R.M., in the chair, William Beattie and Dr. Boyd.
Food and Drugs Act.
District Inspector Sheridan, Banbridge, summoned Robert Spratt, Carnreagh, for selling buttermilk adulterated with 15% of water, in addition to the 25% allowed under the Act.
Mr. Joseph Lockhart who appeared for the defendant, stated that Spratt had only recently came to the district, and he had sold the buttermilk to some friends of his at less than controlled price. He admitted a technical offence, but asked their worships to take a lenient view of the case. Defendant was ordered to pay the costs of the Court and of the analyst's certificate.
Food Control Prosecution.
Same defendant was summoned for having sold butter on the 10th May at a price in excess of the controlled price, and was fined 2s 6d and costs.
Transfer of Licence.
On the application of Mr. W. G. Maginess, solicitor, a transfer of licence was granted from Mr. Tolerton, of Aughnaleck to Mr. Joseph Gilliland, owner of the premises.
Albert Briggs, Deneight, summoned Adam Prentice, Ballyhomra, for assault on the 30th April.
Mr. John T. M'Connell, solicitor, appeared for the complainant.
In reply to Mr. M'Connell, complainant stated that he worked with Mr. James Ferguson, and was on his way home from work on the evening in question. When he was passing defendant's house the defendant came out and struck him on the ear with his fist and beat him about the body. Defendant, who did not appear, was fined 2s 6d, and 20s. costs.
Constable Howard summoned Robert M'Laverty for having an unlicensed dog in his possession on the 30th May.
Defendant's wife said she found the pup on the road in a dying condition on Easter Monday.
Defendant was ordered to pay the costs of the summons and to take out a licence. Mrs. Wynne was also summoned for having an unlicensed dog, and was fined 6d and costs and ordered to take out a licence.
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Lisburn Standard - Friday, 20 June, 1919
PEEL--M'CONNELL -- June 11, by special licence, at the residence of the bride, by Rev. W. M'Nutt, M.A. (Hillhall), Albert A. only son of Mr. Arthur Peel, Aghadalgo, Glenavy, to May F., daughter of Mr. and Mrs. T. M'Connell, Plantation House, Lisburn
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
-- -- --
Edited by JAMES CARSON.
-- -- --
-- -- --
HISTORY OF LISBURN.
By W. J. GREENE.
Where Lagan winds adown the vale,
With crystal waters calmly flowing
Through grassy mead and leafy dale,
With wild flowers sweet in beauty blowing.
Here Lisnagarvey takes her seat,
With sturdy sons and lovely daughters,
The river twining round her feet
Reflect her beauty in its waters.
Lisburn or Lisnagarvey, by many esteemed the handsomest inland town in Ireland, is situate eight miles south of Belfast and one hundred north of Dublin, on the River Lagan, which divides the Counties of Antrim and Down. The town is a very old one, being anciently one of the fastnesses of Hugh MacNeil Oge, son of Neil Oge O'Neil, one of the Princes of Tirowen.
Before the reign of Queen Elizabeth, Lisburn (then called Lisnagarvagh) was a small village, and is said to have taken its name from Lis-na-garvoch, the fort of the gamester, a circular rath situated on the hill on the north side of Wallace Park.
It is similar to several others in the neighbourhood, and seems to have been enclosed with deep ditches, which may have been enclosed with strong palisades, a very high and thick rampart of earth and timber, and well flanked with bulwarks. There is also one on the White Mountain, another at Todd's Grove, and another on the Clogher Hills, near Plantation, in the Co. Down. It is generally believed they are the remains of the strongholds and dwelling-places of ancient Celtic Chieftains, and were so placed that signals by fire could be easily seen from one to the other. They seem to have been in use up til the year 1600 from a description of the stronghold of O'Neill, the Fort of Ennisloughlin, between Moira and Lough Neagh, in 1602. The prevailing religion was Druidic, before the introduction of Christianity by St. Patrick A.D. 432 till A.D. 465. A cromlech, supposed to be the altar on which were offered human sacrifices, is still to be seen at Giant's Ring, Ballylesson, Co. Down.
The occupations of the people of Ireland generally seem to have been mainly agricultural and the rearing of cattle, when they were not fighting, which, as it appears from history, they were hardly ever free from, between some of the different septs or clans of Celt, Saxon, and Norman, who have fought at different times for possession of the country or parts of it. The weaving of linen and serge was also carried on from a very early age, the principal seats of industry being Ard Macha (Armagh), Bally-Lis, Nevan (Newtownards), and Beann-Char (Bangor).
During the reign of Queen Elizabeth a very unsatisfactory state of feeling existed between the Government and the native Princes of Ulster. In those days the dynasty of the O'Neills was very powerful and no less popular throughout the northern province. Having, after several years' fighting, failed to conquer these island chieftains, the Queen tried to win them over by conciliation. An offer of an earldom was made to Shane O'Neill, but the proud chief would not accept any such favour at Her Majesty's hand. He replied that by blood and birth his rank placed him far above the peerage. "My ancestors were kings in Ulster," added the O'Neill; "they gained their power by the sword, and I shall uphold my rights by the same weapon." In the autumn of 1585 Sir Henry Sidney, the Queen's Irish Deputy, made the tour of Ulster, accompanied by an armed bodyguard of mounted soldiers, and during his journey called on the leading princes of the North. He was anxious to pay marked court to the Captain of Killultagh, one of the most popular and influential of that powerful Sept; he was the owner of a very large territory and lord of three castles, each of which was encompassed by a fort of great strength -- Ennisloughlin, near Moira; Portmore, on the borders of Lough Neagh; and the third stood on a mound that rose above the River Lagan and close to the tiny village of Lisnagarvey. The forts of that castle overlooked the entrance from the County Down side of the water, and in case of invasion was well situated for protecting the chief from every intrusion of his enemies by that route.
The Captain of Killultagh.
Who looked upon the English as the "invaders of his country," did not receive the Lord Deputy with that cordial hospitality which is the traditional character of his countrymen. It is said he felt insulted by Sir Henry's mode of introducing himself, who sat on his horse outside the rampart while he sent one of the officers of his guard to announce to the Captain that the Irish Lord Deputy was outside and desired to speak with him. He indignantly refused to cross the doorway of his castle, and said, "If the English Deputy wishes to pay his respect to me I will be happy to see him inside these walls." Indignant at the reception accorded him by the Irish chieftain, Sir Henry turned away in anger from his gates and thus expressed his feelings in his report to the English Cabinet: "I came to Killultagh, which I found ryche and plentyfulle after ye manner of those countryes, but ye Captain was proude and insolent; he would not leave his castle to see me, nor had I apt reason to vysyte him as I would. He shall be paid for this before long. I will not remain long in his debt." The Queen, on hearing of the cool contempt with which O'Neill treated her Deputy became more determined to subdue the Irish Chieftains, and three famous commanders were sent over to Ireland to put down, at any cost of men and money, the princely power of the O'Neills and that of all the other chiefs.
In 1587 such overtures were made in favour of peace to the heads of clans and offers of full pardon that Brian M'Art O'Neill and his father, the Captain of Killultagh, pledged themselves and their vassals, or tenants, that they would submit to English rule. Sir John Perrott accepted the promise in the name of Her Majesty; but when Hugh O'Neill, Earl of Tirowen, once again rose against the Queen, the Captain and his son forgot their promise, and joined their kinsman's army. In 1602 an expedition under Lord Mountjoy was sent against them, who captured their Fort of Ennisloughlin, and after the most terrible sufferings endured by the adherents of O'Neill, who were compelled to seek subsistence by devouring one another, the rebellion ended by the humble submission of O'Neill to the officers of the Queen. The Lord Deputy, on the Queen's part, promised a full pardon to him and all his followers, with a new patent for his lands, except certain portions reserved for chieftains received into favour and for the use of English garrisons. At the meeting of the Council in Dublin at which O'Neill attended after his submission, where he was received according to the rank of his English title; the announcement was made of the death of Queen Elizabeth, when O'Neill was observed to suddenly burst into tears. The Irish Chieftain said he was unable to contain his grief at the loss of a mistress whose moderation and clemency had at length caused him to regard as a generous benefactress; but his enemies said that he was mortified at his own hasty submission and that he regretted that he had not held out a few days longer, when he might have benefited by the change, at least make better terms. Be that as it may, with the passing of Queen Elizabeth passed away the independence and power of the O'Neills, Earls of Tirowen, Captains of Killultagh, and the Lords of Lisnagarvagh.
In the year 1604, Conn O'Neill in consideration of a pardon granted to him by King James the First, at the suit of Sir James Hamilton, consented that these lands, with others, should be granted to him by letters patent. From Sir James Hamilton they passed about the year 1609 by letters patent to Sir Fulke Conway, of Conway Castle, in Wales, one of the three officers, selected by Queen Elizabeth to carry on the war against the native princes, under the command of the Earl of Essex. The other officers were Colonel Arthur Chichester and Lieutenant-Colonel Hill, from whom the Earl of Hillsboro' family are descended.
Under Sir Fulke Conway's ownership the village of Lisnagarvey was very much improved, the streets laid out in their present form, Castle Street, Bow Street, Market Square, and Bridge Street, and the Sir Fulke and his successors gave great encouragement to English and Welsh tenants to come over and settle here, which a great number did.
In the reign of James the First, the Church, or Cathedral as it is now generally named, was opened for the use of Divine Service, it was then called the Church of St. Thomas, afterwards altered to Christ Church in 1662, and raised to the dignity of a Cathedral for the united diocese of Down and Connor by Royal Charter of Charles the Second, to reward the fidelity of the inhabitants of Lisburn to his father and himself.
Sir Fulke Conway died without issue in 1627, when his brother, Mr. Edward Conway, succeeded to the estates. Early in the reign of Charles the First he was presented with the lands of Derrievolgie, in addition to the estates which he obtained through his predecessor, and in a short time afterwards he was raised to the peerage.
About the year 1627 Lord Conway commenced to erect a castle on a picturesque hill commanding a beautiful view of the valley of the Lagan. A portion of the wall which formed the entrance is still standing on the south and east side of the public walks called the Castle Gardens. In a book of travels in Ireland, published by an English gentleman in 1636, the author says:-- "From Belfast to Linsley Garvin is about seven miles, and appears a paradise compared with any part of Scotland. Linsley Garvin is well seated, but neither the towne nor the country there about is well planted, being almost woods and moors until you come to Drommore. The town belongs to my Lord Conway, who hath there a hainsome Castle, but far short of Lord Chichester's houses. Lord Conway's garden and orchard are planted on the side of the hill on which his house is seated, at the bottom of which hill runneth a pleasant river, the Lagan, which abounds in salmon."
The castle became the head of the manor. The grant of King Charles also conferred the privilege of court's leet and baron, viw of frank pledge, manorial courts for debts not exceeding two pounds sterling, a court of record every three weeks for sums not exceeding £10, a weekly market and two annual fairs, which, as our readers are aware, remain is existence till the present day.
(To be continued.)
CRUMLIN MAN FINED AT BELFAST.
On Monday, in the Belfast Summons Court, Johns M'Crum and Robert M'Crum, Carnance, Crumlin, were prosecuted for selling buttermilk containing 11.2 parts water in addition to the 25 parts allowed for churning, a fine of £7 being imposed.
At the same court a fine of £5 was imposed on a summons brought against Robt. M'Clean, sen., and Robert M'Clean, jun., of Meadowview, Anderstown, in respect of the selling of sweetmilk which was adulterated with 11.5 per cent, added water, and was deficient in milk fat.
PLUCKY RESCUE AT DERRY.
A plucky rescue was affected by a junior four of the City of Derry Boating Club on Monday night. A sailor fell into the Foyle and was unable to get the lifebuoy
which was thrown to him. The boating club junior four, who were passing the spot at the time, gave him an oar and brought him into the skiff. This was accomplished with considerable difficulty, but eventually the man was got ashore in an exhausted condition. The racing skiff, which cost £150, was, however, irreparably damaged.
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Lisburn Standard - Friday, 27 June, 1919
GREENE -- June 23, 1919, at 554, Ninth Avenue, N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada, to Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Greene -- a daughter.
HORN--DUNWOODY -- June 11, at Cargycreevy Presbyterian Church, by the Rev. S. Murray, B.A.; John Horn, Regina, Sask., Canada, to Isabella Patterson (Ella), eldest daughter of Wm. W. C. Dunwoody, Moorhall, Cargycreevy, Lisburn.
GREENE -- June 23, 1919. at 554 Ninth Avenue, N.W., Calgary, Alberta, Canada, Charlotte Sarah (Sadie), the beloved wife of W. J. Greene and [--?--?--?--?--] Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Brown, Highbury, Ravenhill Park, Belfast.
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
-- -- --
Edited by JAMES CARSON.
-- -- --
-- -- --
HISTORY OF LISBURN.
By W. J. GREENE.
Sir Fulke Conway and his successors brought over many natives of England and Wales to tenant his estates, and some of their descendants still occupy the lands.
The tenantry being descended from English, Scotch, and Welshmen in general and following the customs, manners, industry, and religion of their forefathers, have always been a loyal and spirited people, much attached to their King and constitution.
During the insurrection of the Irish against the English in the year 1642, Lisburn was besieged by the insurgents on the 28th November, an account of which is given in the vestry records of the Cathedral which was at that time a Chapel of Ease for the English troops, the Parish Church being then situated in Blaris.
"Sir Phelim O'Neill and Sir Conn Magenis, the insurgent Generals then in Ulster, and Major General Plunkett having enlisted and drawn together out of the Counties of Armagh, Tyrone, Antrim, and Down, eight or ten thousand men, which were formed into eight regiments, and a troop of horse and two field pieces did rendezvous on the 27th November, 1641, at a house of Sir George Rawdon, at Brookhill, three miles from Lisburn, in which town they knew there was a garrison of five companies and Lord Conway's troop of horse. They made their attack in three divisions, at the end of Castle Street, Bow Street, and Bridge Street. More than two hundred of the insurgents were slain in Bridge Street, and three hundred in Castle Street, and in the meadows behind the houses, whereby they were so much discouraged that for almost two hours their officers could not get any more parties to adventure a second assault upon us, but in the main space they entertained us with continued fire from their body and their field pieces till about one o'clock, when fresh parties were issued out, and beaten back as before, which they supplied with others till dark, when they fired the town, which was in a few hours turned into ashes. The slain of the enemy were found to be more than thrice the number of those who fought against them. Their two Generals quit their station; their two field pieces were thrown into the river or in some moss pit and could never be found; and in their retreat or rather flight, they fired Brookhill House, and the Lord Conway library in it, and other goods to the value of five thousand pounds. All our horse, which did most execution, were not above 120 -- viz., "Lord Conway's troop, and a squadron of Lord Grandison's troop. We got about fifty of their colour and drums. They were so enraged at this defeat that they murdered many hundreds of Protestants whom they had kept prisoners in the counties of Armagh, Tyrone, etc."
It was at this time Piper Hill received its name, from the head of a piper of one of the regiments being blown off and rolling down it.
During the reign of Charles the First, and onward till the death of Cromwell in 1658. Ireland was torn asunder by the bloody hand of war; the Royalist, the Parliamentarian, and they native Irish, each in their own interest, tried to grasp the reins of power, till at last the iron hand of Cromwell overcame all opposition and conquered Ireland as it had never been conquered before.
During these stormy scenes, Lisnagarvey being in the direct route from Carrickfergus to Dublin, bore the brunt of siege and battle several times.
In 1646, after the battle of Benburb, when the Parliamentarians were defeated by O'Neill, General Monroe fled precipitately and reached Lisburn without hat, sword or cloak. Lord Conway, after having two horses' shot under him, escaped with difficulty to Newry, accompanied by Captain Burke, and about 40 horsemen.
On the 6th of December, 1648, General Monroe, with the Scottish forces under his command, was signally defeated on the plains of Lisburn, near Lisnastrain, in which they lost nearly half their army and all their arms and baggage, by Colonel Venables and Sir Charles Coote.
Hitherto we have had little to record of Lisburn, save an account of confiscation and warfare, but soon after this period at which we have now arrived, she became honourably identified with the peaceful pursuits of literature.
Lisburn has the signal and enduring honour of being, for a considerable period, the residence of one of the greatest writers of which our noble literature can boast. The fact that in Lisburn were spent the closing years of the great Bishop-Author, Jeremy Taylor, gives our town an interest to the book-lover comparable to that which Shakespeare has conferred upon Stratford-on-Aron. This great man was born at Cambridge in 1613, where he received his elementary and university education. He duly took orders and was appointed by the famous Archbishop Laud one of his chaplains, and was thus inevitably thrown on the Royalist side. In the great Civil War this intimacy with Charles the First was so close as to merit the name of friendship, and on the ruin of the King's cause the Royal Martyr presented Taylor with his watch. During the evil days which intervened between the close of the Civil War and the Restoration, Taylor resided in Wales, under the patronage of Lord Carberry, where he produced most of his works. We find him, however, in London again in 1657-8, when he had the undesirable distinction of being imprisoned in the Tower. After his release he, in 1658, accompanied Lord Conway to Lisburn, and fixed his residence at Portmore, holding a lectureship at the former place. He ventured to London in 1660 to publish his book entitled "Ductor Dubitantium," and had the satisfaction of witnessing the triumphal entry of Charles the Second into the city on the 29th May of that year. His fortunes now revived, and he was soon appointed, through Lord Conway's influence with Charles the Second, Bishop of Down and Connor, to which was soon added the administration of the See of Dromore.
In addition to the residence at Portmore, Lord Conway had fitted up for the Bishop, at Magheraleave, an exceedingly charming residence. That cottage is still to he seen there, and the study in which the prelate composed some of his later works; but how few, even of the people of our town, have visited that sacred locality. Here in the immediate neighbourhood of Lisburn there exists the rural dwelling he delighted in, and where he spent the early part of the last summer of his life. Let us hope, therefore, that some attention will be directed towards the preservation of all that renders the Bishop's study at Magheraleave one of the most interesting of local antiquities, for indeed it is a high distinction to our town that its streets were daily trodden by the author of "The Liberty of Prophesying," "Holy Living." "Holy Dying," and "The Great Exemplar."
His literary activity was now checked by unfortunate disputes on the subject of conformity, but a number of his notable sermons were first preached in Lisburn.
He died a victim of his disinterestedness in the pursuit of his noble calling, having contracted a fever while visiting a stricken parishioner; to which he succumbed on the 13th August, 1667. He was interred in the chancel of Dromore Cathedral, and an elegant marble slab with a suitable inscription has been erected in his remembrance by Bishop Mant, in Lisburn Cathedral.
The family of Sir Fulke Conway enjoyed the territories of Killultagh until the year 1683, when Edward, the last Earl Conway, dying without issue, bequeathed them, after the decease of his Countess Ursula, to Francis Seymour, son of Sir Edward Seymour.
This Francis Seymour was then a colonel to commanding the British troops in Antrim, and was a direct descendant of the younger branch of the house of Somerset.
He was to have married the only daughter of Earl Conway, who had no sons. The marriage had been arranged to take place at an early date, the settlements were signed, and all the preliminaries arranged, when the lady was suddenly stricken down by disease, and died after a few days' illness on the day fixed for the celebration of the ceremony.
When this melancholy event was announced, Earl Conway sent for Colonel Seymour to his bedchamber, and, after deploring the afflicting incident, told him that since it was the will of God to prevent the alliance, which he had so much at heart to see accomplished, he must still consider him his son-in-law, and heir to his estates and fortune.
Colonel Seymour continued to reside at the Castle, and when Lord Conway died in 1683 he inherited his extensive territories. Almost immediately afterwards he took the name of Seymour-Conway, and in 1703 Queen Anne ennobled him by the title of Baron Conway of Ragley and Killultagh. He was three times married, and his heir was created Earl of Hertford by George the Second.
From him the property descended in regular succession until the death of the fourth Marquis in 1870.
From the restoration of Charles the Second in 1660 till the death of William the Third in 1702 political events happened which have had an important bearing not only throughout the world in general, but on the town and neighbourhood of Lisnagarvey in particular, and which are still bearing fruit in the civil, religious, and industrial life of the people in the present day. During the Cromwellian dynasty the inhabitants of Lisburn refused willing obedience to the Protector, of the Commonwealth, and immediately after the Restoration Charles the Second, in order to mark their loyalty to his father and himself, granted a Charter to the town enabling the people to elect two representatives to the Irish Parliament. The right of election was vested in the inhabitants generally, but not being a body corporate, and consequently haying no municipal officer, the seneschal of the manor of Killultagh was appointed returning officer for the borough. His Majesty also raised the parish church to the dignity of Cathedral of Down and Connor.
By the tyranny of Louis the Fourteenth of France and the revocation of the Act of Toleration, called the Edict of Nantes, on the 22nd of October, 1685, upwards of three-quarters of a million of his Protestant subjects, called Huguenots, were forced to flee from the shores of France, and became scattered abroad over most of the other nations of Europe. About six thousand fled to Ireland, many of whom settled in the town and neighbourhood of Lisnagarvey. Many of them in their native homes had been either employed in the manufacture of silk or the finer fabrics of linen, and by following these industries in their adopted country, and by bringing with them improved machinery, added greatly to the social and industrial well-being of the community.
For a long period previous to the settlement of the French Colonies in Lisburn, few improvements had been introduced into the cultivation of flax, and the manufacture of linen was carried on with little regard to progress, although Lisburn and its neighbourhood had been largely colonised by men of different lands and of diversity of language. William Edmundson and his family, the first of the followers of the far-famed George Fox that had ever settled in Ulster, resided here from 1676, and had made considerable way as linen manufacturers many years before the French exiles arrived. Those also formed expert assistants in carrying cut the ideas of the new settlers, whose skill and industry were liberally encouraged by the Government, which granted large sums of money for the erection of suitable buildings for carrying on the different processes of manufacture. This soon raised the quality produced to a degree of excellence not previously known.
From the admixture of so many different races sprung a people remarkable alike for their perseverance and industry. Thus in Lisnagarvey was the impulsive Celt located side by side with the quiet Quaker. In one house resided the coll-blooded[sic] Hollander, next door lived the light-hearted Frenchman, across the street were sturdy Germans, hardy Norwegians, Welsh peasants, and Warwickshire farmers, and as if to give full play to the commingling of new blood, there were also rough-looking Scottish Highlanders, flanked in by divers families originally raised in the shires of Ayr and Lanark.
Lord Conway granted the French colonists in Lisburn a site for the erection of a place of worship, which was known by the distinctive term, "French Church," and stood on the ground lately occupied by the Courthouse, in Castle Street.
The Government grant of £60 per annum was first paid to the Rev. Charles De La Vade, who died in May, 1755, and was succeeded by the Rev. Saumaurez Du Bour Dieu, who held it for forty-five years, when he was given the perpetual curacy of Lambeg. He was afterwards vicar of Glenavy, and died in 1812.
The members of the French Church gradually merged into union with the congregation of Lisburn Cathedral, in the churchyard of which there are several monuments to the Huguenots.
-- -- -- -- -- --
The View from the Railway Bridge.
Look from Glenavy to the west where Innis Garten1 lies,
A pretty spot to look upon, beneath the azure skies;
The old Round Tower of Other Days, the pretty little hill,
Make legends and traditions old to circle you still.
At sunset-time Ram's Island is glorious to behold,
The sun's reflection in Lough Neagh is like a sea of gold;
And there is Lurgan Parish Church, towering o'er the plain --
The plain now sweetly smiling with all its golden grain.
Over at Ballinderry was the Castle of Portmore,2
Nestling in old, majestic oaks,4 upon the pretty shore;
This Castle of Portmore was built three hundred years or so,
Where once had stood another3 of the days of long ago.
Lord Conway built this castle for his Irish country seat
On a scale of great magnificence -- for kings, they say, 'twas meet;
It only stood a hundred years, or somewhere thereabout,
And then it was dismantled -- "Not wanted," without doubt.
The "Middle Church" is near at hand -- a "Restoration" pile,
With many lovely relics of the Jacobean style;
Jeremy Taylor5 built it, when he was at Portmore,
With its old "three-decker" pulpit and its solid oaken door.
Turning your gaze now to the east, you see Miss Durham's Mound
Supposed to be the Rath Meave -- near there the Urns6 were found;
And there, down in the hollow, is Lorimer's Corn Mill,
And ten miles further over are Divis and Cave Hill.
Was ever fairer country in dear old Ireland seen?
Were ever farms so prosp'rous? Were ever fields so green?
Or people kinder hearted than round Glenavy fair,
For if so, I may tell you, I can't find them anywhere.
- "Innis Garten," or "Enis Garden," now known as Ram's Island.
- The Castle of Portmore was built by Lord Conway (3rd Viscount) in 1664, and pulled down in 1761. It stood on the site of
- A former stronghold of the O'Neills.
- Portmore, Lower Ballinderry, used to be famous for its gigantic oaks, particularly the Great Oaks, which was blown down in the year 1760. It was 14 yards in circumference and from the ground to the first branch measured 25 feet. The stem sold for £97, and a single branch sold for £9.
- Jeremy Taylor, Bishop of Down, Connor, and Dromore, was brought to Portmore by Lord Conway. He died in 1667.
- Ancient burials urns were found in 1854 and 1898 in the district between this Rath and Glenavy village.
Belfast, 17th June, 1919.
COMMEMORATING OUR HEROES.
Distribution of Memorial Scrolls Begun.
Consequent on the decision of his Majesty's Government to issue a memorial plaque and scroll to the next-of-kin of those who had fallen in the war, the Secretary of the War Office announces that "the work of distributing the scroll has now begun. In the case of officers the scroll will be distributed from the War Office, and in the case of other ranks from the Record Office of the unit concerned. The concurrent issue of the plaque has not been found possible, owing to the necessity of building a special factory for its manufacture, and it has not been thought desirable to delay the issue of the scrolls pending the completion of the arrangements for manufacturing and distributing the plaque. A further announcement will be made when the plaques are ready for distribution. The scroll is of thick paper, in the form of a rectangle, approximately 11 5-16 inches long by 7 7-16 inches wide. It bears the following inscription:--
"He whom this scroll commemorates was numbered among those who, at the call of King and country, left all that was dear to them, endured hardness, faced danger, and finally passed out of the sight of men by the path of duty and self-sacrifice, giving up their own lives that others might live in freedom. Let those who come after see to it that his name be not forgotten."
This is followed by the inscription of the soldier's name and regiment. The whole inscription is surrounded by a device, including the Royal Arms in colour, with the initials of his Majesty the King. The scrolls will be accompanied by the following letter from Buckingham Palace over the King's signature:--
"I join with my grateful people in sending you this memorial of a brave life given for others in the Great War."
The scrolls will be distributed as they become ready, and no special application for them should be made, as, in view of the large number involved, it is impossible to say when their issue in individual cases may be expected.
LISBURN PETTY SESSIONS.
This court was held yesterday before Mr. Alan Bell, R.M. (presiding), Thomas Sinclair, J.P., W. G. McMurray, J.P., and Wm. Davis. J.P.
District-Inspector Gregory, R.I.C., and Mr. T. J. English, C.P S. were in attendance.
Food Control Prosecution.
District Inspector Gregory prosecuted three farmers, Robert Thompson, Robt. Ellis, Thomas Cruickshanks, for offering for sale in Lisburn market, oats at a price exceeding the control figure.
Mr. W. G. Maginess appeared for Ellis. The other defendants were not professionally represented.
Constable Mullen said he was on plain clothes duty in Lisburn market on the 16h. inst. He heard Ellis offering white oats for sale at 24s per cwt. Robert Thompson offered oats for sale at £1 per cwt., and Cruickshanks offered his oats at the same price. The control price was 17s 4d. Ellis at first denied that he asked 24s., and subsequently said that the oats belonged to his brother. The other defendants admitted that they asked £1 per cwt.
Mr. Maginess said he would not take up the time of the magistrates with the case. Apparently his client made a mistake.
He (Mr. Maginess) for one could not understand why the price for oats was fixed at 17s 4d; while a farmer had to pay 28s for yellow meal, which was much inferior oats! It did seem hard on the farmer.
Constable Mullen, replying to the Bench, said he did not see any actual sale. He was quite close to the men when they asked the prices mentioned.
Mr. Bell, R.M., said that the people who had oats for sale must know perfectly well what the control prices were. They tried to get more than they were legitimately entitled to. Defendants would each be fined 20s and costs.
Motor Cyclist Fined.
Constable Alcorn summoned James Crossey for riding a motor cycle at Lisburn, on which there were two different identification plates. The constable said that when he spoke to Crossey he was very impertinent, and gave no explanation.
Defendant produced two plates and said they were the plates he had on the machine at the time.
The constable said that one of them was not the one that was on the machine, and defendant was fined 10s and costs.
An Unusual Case.
Constable Donahue summoned William Boyes for allowing the carcass of a dead cow to lie in his field unburied for two days. The constable said that the carcass was skinned, and "all the dogs in the country gathered round it." The carcass lay unburied for two days.
Mr. R. C. Bannister, who appeared for defendant, said his client was an old man who recently underwent a serious operation, and was not able to give the attention to the matter he should have done. The animal was buried immediately the police complained. Boyes was very sorry, and a like offence would not occur.
A fine of 2s 6d and costs was imposed.
Game Prosecution Fails.
John Graham Larmor, Fair Acre, Derriaghy, prosecuted Edward Green, Milltown, Dunmurry, for alleged trespassing on lands of which he (Larmor) held the game rights, for the purpose of taking game.
Mr. W. G. Maginess appeared for Larmor, and Mr. N. Tughan, Belfast, for defendant.
Edward Morrow, the owner of the land in question, said he signed the game rights to John G. Larmor. He never gave Green permission to take dogs on the land. James Hillen had taken the land from him for grazing.
By Mr. Tughan -- He knew the defendant Green. He heard that Hillen and Green were in partnership in the cattle trade. He saw Green frequently in and out amongst the cattle there.
To Mr. Maginess -- He did not hear anything about Green when Hillen was taking the land.
Larmor said he purchased the game rights of this particular ground along with other land in the district. He placed 12 or 15 female hares on the lands to increase the game. He employed a gamekeeper to look after the game. On 1st June he saw Green on the land with a greyhound dog.
By Mr. Tughan -- He knew Green and his brother. Hillen and a man called Bell were with defendant. He told defendant that the next time he came there not to bring a greyhound with him. Green used words to the effect, or something like it, that there was a cross bull in the field.
Robert Graham, in the employment of Larmor, said he saw Green in Morrow's field. Green had a greyhound dog with him. His master went down to speak to Green.
Mr. Tughan, for the defence, said that the defendant was lawfully on the land he had actually taken and paid for.
James Hillen said he took the grazing of the land from Morrow. Green was in partnership with him. They had also land taken from Mr. Larmor himself, and Mr. Grainger. He was with Green on the Sunday morning in question. The dog was quiet and kept to heel.
Mr. Bell, R.M. -- But would it stay at heel if it saw a hare? -- I would not say that.
John Bell said he was with Hillen and Green that morning. They went over to look at the cattle.
To the Bench -- There was no other dog with the greyhound.
Mr. Bell, R.M., said it was a very foolish thing to bring a greyhound on a place where it was well-known hares had been had been laid down to breed, and it was very hard lines on those who laid down the hares if greyhounds were to be allowed to run there. Under the circumstances, although, they were suspicious, the magistrates were not quite satisfied that defendant was on the land for the purpose of taking game on that particular occasion. If he were found there again he (Mr, Bell) thought the magistrates would, in all probability take a different view. That was a fair warning. The case would be dismissed.
Unhappy Married Relations.
Sarah Quinn, Ballycarrickmaddy, summoned her husband, Frederick Quinn, Aughnahough, an ex-soldier, (from whom she was living separate for the past nine years), for, as alleged, using abusive and threatening language towards her on 7th inst. He was further summoned by his daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth Campbell, and Alexander Hamilton, Duncairn Gardens, Belfast, for a like offence on same date.
Frederick Quinn, charged his wife with, as alleged, unlawfully disposing of a pair of military boots and puttees, between the 16th November, 1918, and 1st March, 1919.
Mr. Joseph Lockhart appeared for Mrs. Quinn, Mr. D. B. Simpson for Mrs. Campbell, Mr. Wellington Young for Alexander Hamilton, and Mr. W. G. Maginess for Frederick Quinn.
The hearing of the evidence, which occupied over an hour, disclosed unhappy marital relations, and
The chairman, in stopping the case after Frederick Quinn had given, his evidence in regard to the boots, said that the wife made certain charges against the husband, and vice versa, and it seemed to be a Case of six of one and half-a-dozen of the other. The magistrates had decided to dismiss all the summonses on the merits.
Trespass of Cattle.
Edward Cushnahan, farmer, Ballymacward, summoned Richard and Jane Scott for permitting their cattle and goats to trespass on his land.
Mr. D. B. Simpson was for the complainant; and Mr. W. G. Maginess for the defendants.
Complainant stated that he had a letting of grazing from Mr. Comerford, and had been greatly troubled by the trespassing of the defendants' animals thereon. On the 24th ult. he found 5 head of cattle and 2 goats on the land, and brought them home to the owners, from whom he demanded trespass. Mrs. Scott told him to go to h---, but he replied that he would not go so far, that he would go to Lisburn, (Laughter.) He had previously requested the defendants to attend to the fences, but Mrs. Scott said she wouldn't put a sprig in.
To Mr. Maginess -- There was a gap from the lane into the garden. He closed and wired it last year, because he could never keep the cattle out.
Mr. Comerford, examined, said the grazing was of the very best. Those persons had been a source of annoyance to him and his tenants.
Richard Scott, for the defence, said the farm he occupied belonged to his brother-in-law, but the cattle were his own. He remembered Cushnahan bringing the cattle to him. Personally he did not see the animals trespassing. The gap in question was not closed all summer, and he had heard no complaints until this case.
Their Worships allowed 7s 6d for the trespass, and gave 5s costs.
Mr. Simpson asked for an order to compel defendants to fence the place.
Chairman -- Defendants ought to keep up the fence instead of paying for trespass. If there is any further trespass, and the case proved, we will give not only costs, but make an order.
On the application of Constable M'Donald, the magistrates gave a decree against Wm. Henry for 8s. arrears for one month, in respect of the maintainance of two children in an industrial school.
Trouble at Ballynahinch Road.
Mrs. Margaret Hanna, Ballynahinch Road, summoned Samuel M'Connell for assault, and Mary Proctor and Catherine M'Connell for abusive language on 18th inst.
Mr. Tughan appeared for the complainant, and Mr. W. G. Maginess for the defendants.
Complainant said that Mrs. M'Connell's little boy and her little boy were having a quarrel, and when she (complainant) was bringing her boy away. Samuel M'Connell came on the scene and asked her what business she had to separate the children, and why didn't she let them fight it out. He then drew out and struck her with his clenched-fist. His mother and sister (Mrs. Proctor) were at their doors, and called her a lot of dirty names. They said that Sam was soft for letting her off.
Mrs. Jackson (mother of the complainant) proved to seeing her daughter assaulted.
For the defence, Mrs. M'Connell said that the quarrel was over in about three minutes. Mrs. Hanna had a hoop in her hand and threatened to assault Samuel with it. Samuel did not strike her. She denied abusing Mrs. Hanna.
Samuel M'Connell said he was some distance away when the young boys were fighting. He heard Mrs. Hanna tell her elder boy to go and help the younger one, that was why he interfered. Mrs. Hanna had a hoop in her hand. He did not strike her, nor did he hear his mother say anything to her. He told Mrs. Hanna to let the boys fight at out themselves.
Mrs. Proctor having been briefly examined,
The Magistrates fined Saml. M'Connell 1s and 5s costs for the assault, and dismissed the other cases.
The court then adjourned.
This court was held, before the same magistrates, Mr. Darts presiding.
Constable M'Donald summoned Thos. H. Smith, Sandy Lane, for drunkenness and disorderly conduct. First offence. Fined 5s and costs.
Constable Callan summoned W. J. Trouten, Barrack Street, for disorderly conduct on the 18th inst. The constable said Trouten was shouting on the street and wanted to fight. He had to arrest him. Defendant was fined 2s 6d and costs.
Alice Bingham, Ballynahinch Road, summoned her next-door neighbour, Ellen Brown, for alleged indecent behaviour to her on the 14th inst. After hearing short evidence, the magistrates considered that the case was proved, and fined defendant 2s 6d and costs.
Mr. W. G. Maginess appeared for Bingham, and Mr. Joseph Allen for Brown.
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