Lisburn Standard - Friday, 6 December, 1918
BOYD--STANGER -- October 23, 1918, at the home of the bride's mother, by the Rev. M'Rowand; John S. Boyd, son of Mr. and Mrs. T. L. Boyd, Lisburn, to Hazel Isabel, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J. Stanger, Peterboro', Ontario, Canada.
GILLILAND -- December, 5, at Hillhead, Lisnatrunk Hillhall, Lisburn, Margaret, the beloved wife of James Gilliland. Her remains will be removed for interment in the family burying-ground, Lambeg, to-morrow (Saturday), at 2 p.m. Friends will please accept this intimation. Deeply regretted. JAMES GILLILAND.
ROSS -- December 1, 1918, at her residence, 28 Castle Street, Lisburn, Eliza J., beloved wife of Samuel Ross, and was interred in Blaris on Tuesday, December 3rd. Inserted by her Sorrowing Husband and Daughter.
ROSS -- December 1st, at her residence, 28 Castle Street, Lisburn, Eliza J., beloved wife of Samuel Ross and eldest daughter of William and Eliza M'Cann, Oakvale, Dublin Road, Lisburn, and was interred in Blaris on Tuesday, December 3rd. Inserted by her sorrowing Father, Mother, Brothers, and Sisters, also her Brother-in-law.
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
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Edited by JAMES CARSON.
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MAPS OF THE TOWN AND THE HERTFORD ESTATE.
In the custody of the Technical School, Lisburn, are the following maps, books and documents.
Two large maps of the Hertford Estate, bearing dates, 1726 and 1729. On the maps are laid down the townlands and holdings with names of occupying tenants. The maps are in a good state of preservation.
Maps of Town Parks, 1835-1863, bound is one volume. On the maps are laid out the holdings and occupiers' names.
Survey of the Hertford Estate -- 1865 -- maps bound in four volumes.
Survey of the Hertford Estate by Thos Pattison -- 1833 -- bound in eleven volumes.
Proceedings at the Court Leet, 1854-1883 two volumes.
House of Lords, Session 1884, Belfast Water -- Stoneyford -- Bill, Minutes of evidence, one volume.
Sundry documents relating to Sale of Water and Markets, by Lady Wallace, 1896.
Rent Roll of the Hertford Estate, 1728, 1729, 1730. Complete and is good state of preservation.
Bundle of Sundry unbound maps.
Particulars and valuation of the Town Parks in the Lisburn District, 1829.
About the year 1901 when the Hertford office was closed, and the building occupied as the Town Hall and Urban Council Offices, the accumulation of maps, books, documents, etc., belonging to the Estate were disposed of. Some were sent to Mr. Capron, the agent in London, a portion went to the Estate solicitors -- Longfield, Kelly and Armstrong, Dublin and Dungannon. Mr. George Sands, C.E., retained a portion, and the residue was handed over for safe keeping to the Urban Council. The consignment given to the Urban Council was stored temporarily in the Castle House, Castle Street. In 1914, on the building being taken possession of by the Technical School, the books and documents were removed to the Dispensary Yard, next door, and there, through carelessness, indifference, or lack pf knowledge of their value, this invaluable collection of books and papers containing the ancient history of the town and district was wantonly destroyed -- burnt.
On Mr. Sands' decease towards the end of 1917, his representatives presented the Technical School with the two large maps, the bundle of sundry unbound maps, sixteen volumes of maps, Proceedings of the Court Leet, House of Lords proceedings re Water Bill, and bundle of documents re sale of market and water rights.
The residue of Estate maps and documents left by Mr. Sands were transferred to the office of the Wallace Estate solicitors, Dungannon. Amongst them were valuable maps and records relating to the Manor of Killultagh. To the future historian of Lisburn one work would be of particular value, and there were several copies of it amongst the consignment sent to Dungannon, a detailed account and valuation of the whole Hertford Estate, made about the year 1870, giving particulars of all public buildings, churches, schools, bridges, etc., etc., extent of holdings on the Estate, rents and names of tenants, etc.
The 1726 map shows that the old bridge over the Lagan was situate some thirty yards or so nearer the Island Mill than the present structure at the end of Bridge Street. One of the old roads from Belfast passed through Hillhall, and continued down what is now known as Gregg Street the old bridge being at the end of Gregg Street. The 1835 map shows the bridge is at the end of Bridge Street. This bridge was afterwards replaced by the Union Bridge, exactly on the same side.
The Causeway End road is of considerable antiquity. It must originally have been made through a moss, or bog, and during the course of time the moss was cut away on both sides, leaving the roadway standing up high above the neighbouring country. On the 1726 map the district between the road and the railway was even then marked as "cut out moss."
In 1835 the main roads about Lisburn were all in existence, as the Dublin, Antrim, Moira, Ballinderry, Belfast, and Belsize Roads are all shown on the 1835 map. A road also appears nearly, but not quite, on the line of the present North Circular Road. Its course would appear to have been from the Intermediate School on the Antrim Road straight to the end of Railway Street, near the and station, and thence up past Prospect Hill School. The Railway Company afterwards defeated the [--?--] of this road and constructed the North Circular Road.
Railway Street first appears under this name on a map date 1844.
Up till 1850 Antrim Street was known as Antrim Lane.
The "Deans Walk" Wallace Parks, makes its first appearance on a map dated 1846.
The maps of 1726 and 1833 show a fort as situate a short distance beyond Pipers Hill, slightly in the direction of the river. There is also the well-known fort, Fort Hill, behind the Friends' School.
On the 1833 map the "Long Stone," which gives its name to Longstone Street, is marked as at the corner of Longstone Lane. On this map appears "Polite Barracks" quite close to the Chapel, on the same side of the street, in the direction of the Dublin Road. The "Rookery" was the name of a street or lane that must have passed from Smithfield out on to the Hillsborough Road, on the line of the wall that divides the markets from Christ Church grounds. Market Street was known as the "Old Shambles." The "Black Hole" of Lisburn was in Smithfield, situate at the back of Hugh Kirkwood's premises.
The Market House, Market Square, The Hertford Arms at the corner of Jackson's Lane or Railway Street. The King's Arms Hotel on the left hand side of Market Square going towards Bow Street, the Linen Hall at the corner of Linen Hall Street, the New Market on the site of the present grain market, the Methodist Chapel in the "Old Shambles," Market Sq. Church, surrounded by buildings then as it is now, all appear on this old map of 1833.
Advancing up Castle Street with the same old map open, on the left-hand side Johnston's Entry is reached, and close to it on the main street stands the Post Office. A short distance further, on the right is the Rectory, and opposite stands the Court House, one time the "French Huguenot Church; now the Urban Council Offices.
Where the Technical School now stands stood the "Marquis' House," and next door the Estate Offices. Opposite was the Castle Gardens.
Seymour Street must have been a later creation, as from Market Square to the Low Road, the whole street is called Castle Street
Just before coming to the Infirmary, Beggars' Lane is met with, and it appears to run right through to within a short distance of the Basin in the Wallace Park.
At the junction of the street and the Belfast Road stood the two old schools which was dismantled and taken down this year, 1918.
In front of the Infirmary, on the opposite side of the street, stood a fountain, probably, a pump.
The vitriol works appear on Vitriol Island, now occupied by the Island Spinning Company.
The Cathedral of course occupies its ancient and prominent position in the centre of the town.
The maps of 1726 and 1833, and a still more ancient one, all tend to show that the town as laid out by Sir Foulke Conway, almost three hundred years ago, conforms in general detail to the Lisburn of to-day. Castle Street was constructed much as it is now, only that it encroached on, and practically included, the modern Seymour Street, and was named after the Castle in the Castle Grounds. The Cathedral stood then where it stands now, and Market Square, with its Market House, in the centre was there, and Bridge Street leading down to the bridge over the Lagan.
Of later date, but still hoary with the passing of the years, are Haslam's Lane, Piper Hill, and Bow Lane or Bow Street, then Jackson's Lane or Railway Street, the "Old Shambles" now Market Street, Chapel Hill, Longstone, Linen Hall Street, Antrim Lane now Antrim Street, Wardsboro opening out of Jackson's Lane, and Tanyard Lane opening into Bow Street. There were also innumerable lanes, alleys and courts, pestilential cul-de-sacs most of them opening, out of the principal streets, and inhabited by human beings, but dens not fit for the habitation of animals. Fortunately, with the march of time, many of these, and the worst of them, have bean condemned and removed, and it is to be hoped that those that remain may soon share the same fate.
Bachelors Walk is quite modern. Prior to 1870 it was only a narrow path bordered on both sides by trees, and connecting Railway Street with Antrim Street. As its name denotes, it was a favourite promenade with young men and maidens amorously inclined.
Such are a few of the outstanding features of our town that catch the eye in looking over these old maps of a bygone day and generation.
Next Week -- Dublin Road School.
DEATH OF MRS. ROSS.
We are sorry to report the decease of Mrs. Ross, wife of Mr. Samuel Ross, Castle Street, Lisburn, which took place at her residence on Sunday night last, at 10 o'clock, to the deep regret of her husband and relatives. She had been ill with pneumonia arising out of influenza for about eight days, and despite the skilful and devoted attention of Dr. Campbell, she succumbed to the disease. Mrs. Ross was a most attractive and winsome personality and won the esteem and affection of all who came in contact with her. Her life in the home was characterised by great faithfulness, and a strong sense of duty. She will be sorely missed by her circle of friends, many of whom testify to oft-repeated kindness at her hand.
The funeral, which took place on Tuesday afternoon to Blaris, was largely attended, and was representative of the business community of the town. Rev. E. W. Young, M.A., Methodist minister, conducted impressive services in the house and at the graveside.
Messrs. Jellie and Fullerton had charge of the arrangements, which were carried out under the personal supervision of Mr. Fullerton.
LISBURN URBAN COUNCIL
The monthly meeting of this Council was held on Monday, Mr. James Davis, J.P. (Chairman), presiding. The other members in attendance were:-- Messrs. Charles Scott, James M'Nally, J. A. Hanna, Robert Griffith, J.P.; W. J. M'Murray. J.P.; H. A. Barbour, and Thomas Sinclair, J.P.
The officials present were:-- Mr. T. M. Wilson, Town Clerk; A. S. Brook, Gas Manager; Dr. Campbell, Medical Officer of Health; and Mr. Norman M'Lean, Town Surveyor.
Sympathy with a Colleague.
Before the commencement of the business,
Mr. M'Nally said he would like to mention that a very old and valued member of the Board was laid aside by illness. he referred to Dr. St.George, who, he was sure they all very much regretted, was laid up. Dr. St.George had been a good member of the Council for many years, and he (Mr. M'Nally) thought a letter of sympathy with him in his illness should be passed.
A motion to this effect was passed, and the Town Clerk said he would convey the
sympathy of the Council to the doctor.
Congratulations to Sec.-Lieut. Logan.
Mr. Sinclair said that since the last meeting of the Council another honour had been won by a Lisburn soldier. Sec.-Lieut. Simon Logan had not only won the Military Cross, but had won a bar to that decoration inside two or three weeks. In other words, Sec.-Lieut. Logan had won the Military Cross twice, and he (Mr.
Sinclair) thought that was the greatest distinction any Lisburn soldier had won
yet. He proposed that a letter of congratulations be forwarded to Sec.-Lieut. Logan's mother.
Mr. Scott seconded the proposal. He had, he said, known Sec.-Lieut. Logan since the latter was a boy, and anything for the good of the community he was always in it. A better young fellow never left Lisburn.
The motion was passed.
(Report continued with normal business.)
CAPTURED GERMAN GUN FOR LISBURN.
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A WELCOME ANNOUNCEMENT.
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MEMORIAL TO LISBURN'S FALLEN.
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Townspeople to Decide What Form It Should Take.
Two matters were referred to at the Lisburn Urban Council Meeting on Monday, in which the townspeople are more than ordinarily interested.
1. It was announced that Lisburn is to get a captured German Gun as a war trophy, and (2) that the townspeople themselves are to be asked to decide what form the memorial, which every single one is agreed should be erected to our fallen heroes, should take.
The Chairman of the Council (Mr. Wm. Davis, J.P.), at a suitable opportunity said they had had a visit a few days ago from Captain C. C. Craig, the member for the constituency, and that he (the Chairman) availed himself of the opportunity to interview him, and put before him a matter on behalf of the Council and the inhabitants of Lisburn. He asked the gallant Captain to secure for Lisburn a war trophy (hear, hear) -- and suggested that the form it should take would be a German gun captured ia action by the Ulster Division, and, if possible, by their own local battalion, 11th Royal Irish Rifles (South Antrim Volunteers). He put the matter forcibly and strongly to him and told him that whoever the proper authorities were, to approach them on the matter, and point out that Lisburn, probably above any town in the three kingdoms, was entitled to a war trophy, having regard to what the town did, both as regards men and money, during the war. He also mentioned to Captain Craig, what he knew to be a fact -- that on the morning the armistice was signed, Lisburn was within two of its quota under the last voluntary recruiting scheme. If recruiting had remained open another twenty-four hours he knew for a positive fact that Lisburn would have been two over the number, instead of only two short. He thought that was a record. (Hear, hear).
Concluding his remarks, the Chairman said: -- "Before leaving Captain Craig I had his definite assurance that Lisburn would have that gun. (Applause).
Mr. Barbour -- I think I read somewhere that these trophies are going to be sold. I don't know whether I am correct or not.
The Chairman -- I have not seen that.
Mr. Barbour -- I think I saw that stated somewhere.
Mr. Sinclair -- Surely not!
The Chairman -- The City of Belfast is going to get three guns.
Mr. Barbour -- May be I am wrong, Mr. Chairman; I hope so.
Proposed War Memorial.
At a later stage of the meeting, the Town Clerk read the following letter:--
Dear Mr. Chairman -- At the meeting of the Technical Instruction Committee yesterday, I was asked to write and request that any public meeting which you may call to consider a town memorial in connection with the war, you will give my Committee an opportunity of putting forward their suggestion:-- that a suitable form which the gratitude of our fellow-townsmen might adopt to express their admiration for our defenders might be the enlargement of the Technical School. This would enable us to provide a club-room and reading room for any member of His Majesty's forces, and at the same time provide a means of safeguarding the economic future of the Empire, which has, through the war, been preserved for us by those men, the memory of whose example and devotion to duty, I feel sure, every one of us desires to perpetuate
H. A. BABBOUR.
The Town Solicitor -- Put that on the agenda for the next meeting.
Mr. Barbour suggested that they do not deer the matter, which needed airing pretty soon.
They had already the idea of a County Antrim Memorial, there was also the suggestion that a memorial should be erected in Belfast for the surrounding districts; while in Lisburn, one of the churches was already putting up a memorial -- he was sure none of them had anything to say in the nature of criticism about that. He did think, however, that it would be a great pity if they deferred the idea of some central and signal memorial to the brave men who had fallen. By so doing it would sink into second place. He thought they all wished to see a memorial of which the men would be proud, and of which the community would be proud (Hear, hear.) He thought it extremely desirable to start forming public opinion about some memorial. The Chairman had taken a good step in getting the promise of a captured German gun, and that gun might form part of any public memorial put up. There was a danger that anything suggested by the Council might stir up hostile criticism. He did not think the Council. wanted to dictate in any way what form the memorial should take. (Hear, hear.) Already two or three schemes had been suggested, and different opinions had been expressed; but nothing definite had been done. He thought it advisable that a public meeting should he called at the earliest possible moment to take the necessary steps to put up a memorial, for fear that the thing in any way should go by default. (Hear, hear.)
The Town Solicitor said a requisition to call such a meeting would require to be signed by seven members of the Council. Whatever resolution passed by that meeting would be sanctioned by the Council.
Mr. Hanna said that the requisite number of persons were present and could sign the requisition. He agreed with what Mr. Barbour said, and there was no good wasting any more time. He moved that the requisite notice be served on the Chairman there and then.
Mr. Barbour -- I think we might risk this thing.
The motion was passed unanimously.
Mr. Sinclair immediately drew up the necessary requisition, which was signed by all present.
It was agreed that the meeting be held in the Assembly Rooms, and that it. be held at night to give everybody a chance of attending to express his (or her) views.
After some further discussion it was believed that Thursday the 19th inst., at 8 p.m., would be the most suitable date and hour for holding the meeting, and this was agreed to.
FIRST LISBURN PRESBYTERIAN
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SUNDAY'S RE-OPENING SERVICES.
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DEDICATION OF NEW MUSGRAVE ORGAN.
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Large congregations attended First Lisburn Presbyterian Church on Sunday on the occasion of the re-opening of the Church after extensive repairs and improvements, and the dedication of the new Musgrave Organ. The Right Rev. Jas. M'Granahan, B.A., D.D., preached eloquent and appropriate sermons at both morning and evening services, in addition to dedicating the organ at the morning service. Dr. E. M. Chaundy, the talented organist of St. George's, Belfast presided at the organ on the occasion. The choir rendered a special anthem at both services, while Mrs. Murphy, Belfast, sang in the morning and again in the evening as a solo, "Rejoice."
Rev. Dr. M'Granahan at the morning service selected for his text those well-known, yet wonderful words: -- "For God so loved the world, that he gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth on Him should not perish, but have everlasting life." -- John 3, xvi.. The learned Moderator dealt with his subject under three headings. I. -- "The Fountain of Life." II -- "The Stream." III -- "The Purpose." . It was, he said, the great love of God that taught us how a human soul cannot be valued by words. Love had a measurement that no arithmetic could calculate. If you could not set out the £. s. d. value of your love to your son so much less can we attempt to compute God's love towards the Son of Humanity. Every form of religion, every system of philosophy, and every theory of life sprang from some fountain in the hills of truth. The starting point of all christian faith was the love of God -- that compassionate, unspeakable love, the gentleness, that makes us great, the goodness that leads to repentance. In the love of the Divine heart none were crowded out or jostled, none were denied or rejected, for in it there was a place for every man. God loves and gives, man believes and lives. Concluding his sermon, which was listened to with rapt attention, Dr. M'Granahan said that that great text embodied the eternal love of God, Dark clouds of war had covered for over four years the sky of life. Even yet, we could not rid ourselves of deep anxieties. Perhaps it was as well that the German nation should remind us how deep seated is evil in the world, which God loves, and how man can never outgrew the need of love's gift -- the rock of our defence, the shelter from the storm, the haven of rest.
For God gave up His Son to death,
So generous was His love,
That all the faithful might enjoy
Eternal life above.
Rev. Dr. M'Granahan having dedicated the organ by prayer, said:--
That God has given to us so liberally, must ever be the incentive of our generosity. His unspeakable gift is the eternal call to our hearts to withhold nothing from the altar of service. These momentous days in which we are living, speak to us with no uncertain voice of God's goodness to us as a nation. It is not a little significant that the history of this church will always be associated with the year in which peace came to a war-weary world, by the erection of an organ, dedicated to the name of Him who maketh wars to cease unto the ends of the earth. It will help to peal out the glad message of a peace that the world cannot give nor take away. Through, the generosity of one whose family has many tender and early associations with this church and the town of Lisburn, you have been gifted with an organ which does credit, not only to the donor, but also the builder. The name of Musgrave is synonymous with liberality and beneficence, and I am sure your prayer for him who has dealt so generously by you is, that in his old age he may receive abundantly the blessing of Him that maketh rich, and addeth no sorrow. It is gratifying to know that Mr. Musgrave's example has prompted in you a like spirit. Building the organ chamber, the necessary removal and re-building of the southern gable, the erection of this beautiful pulpit and new ceiling, furnishing electric light and other improvements, have cost over £1,700, of which yon have contributed £1,000. The collections to-day are intended to clear off the balance, and it is hoped a good response will be made to the appeal. Worship is a means, not the end. It is meant to awake within us gratitude, reverence, charity, love. It is more blessed to give than receive.
Report continued with a description of the organ.
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Lisburn Standard - Friday, 13 December, 1918
ROSS -- Mr. Samuel Ross and daughter desire to return their sincere thanks to the many friends and neighbours, who so kindly sympathised with them in their recent sad bereavement, and also to those who sent messages of sympathy and floral tributes. 28 Castle Street, Lisburn.
ROSS -- Mr. Wm. and Eliza M'Cann and family, desire to return their grateful thanks to all those kind friends who sympathised with them in their recent bereavement. Oakvale, Dublin Rd., Lisburn.
The Misses CHAPMAN and brother desire to return their sincere thanks to their many kind friends who sympathised with them in their recent sad bereavement, also to Messrs. John Shaw Brown & Co's Employees, and the Lisburn Hemstitching Co., and Friend for their beautiful floral tributes. Hoping this will be accepted by all. James Street, Lisburn.
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
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Edited by JAMES CARSON.
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DUBLIN ROAD SCHOOL, LISBURN.
By Joseph Allen.
Towards the close of the 18th and early in the 19th century a wave of philanthropy spread over England, and we find Robert Raikes in 1781 founding the first Sunday School, where the children of the poor were instructed in religious and secular subjects. In 1802 a great step forward was made by Joseph Lancaster, a Quaker, and Dr. Andrew Bell, a member of the Church of England, who were really the pioneers of the schools for the proper instruction of the children of the poor. We owe to them a debt which should never be forgotten, and their names will always be enshrined as the real founders of the schools for the poor. It is impossible or us at present time to imagine even faintly the state and and condition of the then poor in matters of education, and it is pleasant to think that we had in our midst in the early part of the nineteenth century a young man in the person of Mr. John Crossley, jun., of Lisburn, who determined to give the benefits of a sound religious and secular education to the poor children in our midst. He it was who in the year 1805 (his epitaph states 1810) commenced the first school in Lisburn under the system of Bell and Lancaster, doubtless on the site of the present Dublin Road School or near thereto. John Crossley passed to his rest at the early age of 31 years, but his good work cannot be measured by his length of years. His remains were buried in the Cathedral Churchyard beside those of his father, John Crossley, sen. A pilgrimage to the south-east corner will find the gravestone, whereon is inscribed the following:
To the memory of John Crossley, jun., of Lisburn, who, in the year 1810, established the first free school on the system of Bell and Lancaster in this province, and although struggling with a feeble constitution continued until his last illness to exhert himself with great zeal and judgment in communicating the blessings of religious and moral knowledge to many poor children.
A pious and practical Christian, humble in himself, charitable to others, affectionate to his friends and devout towards his God.
He did much good with limited means, and was called to his everlasting reward on the 10th March, 1816, aged 31 years.
Here also are interred the remains of his excellent father, John Crossley, sen., who departed this life on the 11th March, 1830, aged 84 years.
Lisburn people were and ever are mindful of generous hearts and loving dispositions, and as a memorial to his memory they erected the present building in the year 1821, and a tablet placed above the entrance door reads thus:--
This Free School commenced A.D. MDCCCV. under the direction of the late Mr. John Crossley, junior. The inhabitants of Lisburn to perpetuate its benefits have erected this Schoolhouse A.D. MDCCCXXI. on a site allowed for it by the Most Honourable the Marquis of Hertford.
Since the erection of the school till the present year, 1918, the principles of his teaching have been faithfully carried out, and doubtless hundreds of children enjoyed the blessings of a generous education, which fitted them for the duties of citizenship and for the work of active life. It is evident that a committee was appointed to carry on the roll was 190 and the entire expenditure was a sum of only £55 16s 11d.
In a poem of six cantos on Lisburn written by Mr. Henry Bayly (the historian of Lisburn), published in the year 1834 and printed by Mr. Thomas Mairs, of Joy's Entry, Belfast, the following verses written on this School and its founder, Mr. John Crossley, junior, appear:--
Lisburn's Free School! thy seeds of virtuous love,
Have shed their influence on a foreign shore;
As long as virtue is on earth endeared,
Thy founder's memory shall be revered.
Their patriotic acts shall win renown,
Long as philanthropy shall rule the town.
Crossley, thy worth is yet remembered well.
And coming ages more thy praise shall tell;
In many a heart thy memory is enshrined.
Few like thyself on earth thou'st left behind.
When here below 'twas thine to wipe the tear
Of sorrow's cheek -- the poor man's home to cheer --
Where lank-fac'd poverty took her abode
To raise despair and point to Zion's God
Peace to thy shade -- the children then hast nurst
In Learning's lap, ere thy bright spirit burst
Its bonds of clay. bless'd Crossley's honor'd name,
And live the trophies of thy glorious fame!
In Mr. Bayly's history of Lisburn it is stated that the Schoolhouse yard front gates of wrought-iron and other appendages cost the sum of £387 7s 7d. and that the Master's house adjoining cost the sum of £95.
The name of Rowly F. Hall must be associated with the founder of this school. He was an attorney by profession, and was the legal agent of the Marquis of Hertford. Like Crossley he was much esteemed by the people of Lisburn. Mr. Hall presented in 1822 a bell for cupola of the school which weighed 43 pounds. Alas, the bell and its cupola are no longer existent.
A fine monument to the memory of Rowly F. Hall adorns the north side of the gallery of the Cathedral. It represents at top the Good Samaritan, and the wording thereunder is as follows:-- "Go Thou and Do Likewise."
Erected to the memory of Rowley F. Hall, Esquire, Attorney-at-Law, by personal friends in Lisburn, in testimony of their affection and of his worth in the discharge of the laborious duties of his profession. He was more studious to prevent litigation than to desire emolument.
He exemplified the conduct of the Good Samaritan in visiting and relieving the sick and afflicted in seasons of epidemic and infectious diseases. He was indefatigable in promoting the education of the poor and the charitable institutions of this parish.
Of the practice of religion and virtue the uniform tenor of his life afforded a bright example.
Died September 22nd, 1826, in the 39th year of his age.
According to the printed report of 1866, the then committee consisted of the following:--
The Dean of Ross, Rev. Robert Lindsay, Mr. Redmond Jefferson, Dr. Campbell, Rev. W. D. Pounden, treasurer; David Beatty, secretary.
It will thus be seen two members were of the Cathedral Parish and four of Christ Church. Moreover, the School Building since the year 1863, is in Christ Church Parish, and it is said (but it is difficult after such a lapse of time to confirm it) that prior to the building of the church the members of the congregation were wont to worship there. Some Lisburn gentlemen, namely, Mr. Hall, Mr. J. Coulson, and Mr. G. Whitla, mindful either of the founder or of the good work done, bequeathed certain moneys towards the School, the interest of which has been regularly paid.
The first schoolmaster was Mr. Wm. M'Cann -- well known to the older inhabitants as an excellent teacher. He held the position for the long space of 57 years. The school was familiarly known as "M'Cann's School. He retired in 1873. His successor was Mr. G. Ruddock. Other teachers were Mr. Dalton and Mr. M'Donagh, the latter holding the position for a number of years. The present teachers are Mr. Mulligan and Miss Gowan.
By deed, dated 16th February, 1901, Sir John Murray Scott vested the School Building in the Diocesan Board of Education in fee-simple, and the teachers' residence is held by trustees in fee-simple.
Sir John Murray Scott also transferred to the Diocesan Board a sum of £117 6s towards the endowment of this School.
Canon Pounden during his incumbency of Christ Church (1863-1884), and subsequently as Rector of Lisburn, until his death, superintended the School and carried on faithfully the work there, and it was felt that Christ Church should continue same; and the Diocesan Board of Education, at their meeting held on the 5th day of June, 1918, passed the following resolution:--
That the Dublin Road School, Lisburn, be affiliated with Christ Church, Lisburn, and so much of the endowments as are appropriated to the Dublin Road School, Lisburn, by the grant of the 16th February, 1901, from Sir John Murray Scott and others to the Down and Connor and Dromore Diocesan Board of Education, be paid to the Rector of Christ Church, Lisburn, for the benefit of the said School.
That this meeting desires to place on record their thanks to the Rector and Select Vestry of Christ Church, Lisburn for taking over this School, which they have so kindly volunteered to do, and to continue the good work so long carried on by the late Canon Pounden.
At a recent meeting of the Select Vestry that body accepted the terms of the resolution, and appointed a small committee consisting of Rev. R. H. S. Cooper, M.A., Miss Pounden, Mr. G. H. Clarke, Mr. F. W. Ewart, and Mr. Joseph Allen to take charge of the School.
THREE LISBURN WORTHIES.
(from the "Northern Whig.")
There seldom happens a more curious juxtaposition of names than occurs on one of the pages of a book just published by Mr. John Murray. "Guildhall Memories," by Mr. A. E. Temple. Mr. Temple for many years has been director of the London Guildhall Art Gallery, and the organiser of the annual exhibitions. At the exhibition of the work of French artists one of the pictures on loan was Meissonier's "Friedland." "The late Sir John Murray Scott," writes Mr. Temple, "to whom the British nation owes the possession of the Wallace collection at Hertford House, and who came frequently to the exhibition, was a great lover of French art in any form and when standing before this picture with me one day he told me that Meissonier once asked Sir Richard Wallace to commission him to paint a large picture in oil, as he wanted to provide a dowry for his daughter. The commission was at once given. The subject was to be '1807, Napoleon at Friedland,' and the price &8,000. Of this sum £4,000 was at once paid on account by Sir Richard.
Meissonier's progress with the work (which was 52 by 95 inches) was so slow that at last, after many letters of a docile character irate ones began to pass from one to the other, and eventually it came about that Meissonier returned the £4,000 to Sir Richard, and placed himself in the position to finish the painting how and when he liked. He finished it in 1875, and disposed of it to Mr. A. T. Stewart, of New York, for £16,000. This same Mr. Stewart early in life was a journeyman dealer in Ireland at wages of 16s a week, but rose by industry and good fortune to the possession of great wealth. At his death in 1887 the picture was sold by auction in New York, with his other possessions, and purchased by Judge Henry Hilton for £13,200, and presented by him to the American nation. It is now in the Metropolitan Museum, New York."
All three men -- Sir John Murray Scott, Sir Richard Wallace, and Mr. A .T. Stewart -- as everybody locally knows -- were intimately associated with Lisburn, and it would be difficult to imagine two more romantic, yet utterly dissimilar, careers than those of Wallace and Stewart. The mystery of Sir Richard's birth began the generation before. According to some authorities he was the natural son of Maria Fagniani, the wife of the third Marquis of Hertford (Thackeray's Lord Steyne of "Vanity Fair"), and she again was the daughter of either George Selwyn, the famous eighteenth century dilettante and wit, or of the Marquis of Queensbury -- the "Old Q." who as the Earl of March enters into "The Virginians." Both claimed to be her father, both adored her, and both at their death left her an enormous amount of money. It is also said that Wallace was a son of the Fourth Marquis of Hertford, and therefore a grandson of Maria Fagniana. MOst of his life Wallace spent in Paris, and in 1870 the fourth Marquis died, leaving to him all his property, including Hertford House and his estate around Lisburn. The Seymour family contested the will, but one of them, it is said, meeting the judge, asked him what were his prospects, and got for answer, and got for answer, "Agree with thine adversary quickly whiles thou art in the way with him," etc., and abandoned the case.
From 1873 till 1885 Wallace sat in Parliament as member for Lisburn, but lived mostly in Paris, where his bounty during the siege had made him a much-loved personality. He died in Paris in 1890, his widow in 1897, and most of his art treasures in Hertford House are now the property of the nation.
To-day, curiously enough, is the anniversary of the birth in Lisburn of Alexander Turney Stewart in 1803. He cannot have been so poor as Temple makes out, for he spent a couple of years at Trinity. About 1823 he emigrated to the States, and two years later, opened a small dry goods store, whose business grew to mammoth proportions with branches in Belfast, Manchester, Glasgow, Paris, and Lyons. During the famine of 1856 he sent a shipload of provisions to Ireland, a similar gift to the French sufferers in the Franco-Prussian war, and 50,000 dollars to the victims of the great fire of Chicago. During the American Civil War he set an example both to his own generation and the modern profiteers, for he manufactured and sold to the Government at less than cost price great quantities of cotton cloth, for the use of the army. He also bought some 7,000 acres in Long Island and established a garden city for working men, and his widow here erected the Cathedral of the Incarnation in his memory. Like Wallace he was much beloved, and yet this did not prevent a band of infernal ghouls from stealing his body and holding it to ransom.
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
Sir John Murray Scott was secretary to Sir Richard Wallace, and inherited his wealth and estate on the decease of Lady Wallace.
It was largely due to his influence that Lady Wallace bequeathed the Hertford collection to the nation.
Sir Richard Wallace, according to the best authority, was the natural son of Richard, fourth Marquis of Hertford. The Seymour-Wallace will case after three trials was finally appealed to the House of Lords. An arrangement, however, was arrived at between the parties whereby Sir Richard Wallace paid the Seymour's £400,000, and entered into possession of the Irish Hertford Estate.
A. T. Stewart was born at Lissue, near Lisburn, and originally intended for the church. He came of a good old farming stock, and was possessed of some small means when he went to America.
Next week -- "The making of the Ulsterman."
LISBURN PETTY SESSIONS.
This court was held yesterday before Messrs. Edward Donaghy, J.P. (presiding) W. J. M'Murray, J.P.; Robert Griffith, J.P.; John M'Gonnell, J.P.; Hugh G. Larmor, and Augustus Tuttle. Mr. T. J. English, C.P.S., was in attendance.
Sergeant Regan summoned John M'Cagherty for indecent behaviour on the 9th inst. The Sergeant said that defendant was drunk and wanted to fight on the public street. First offence. Fined 5s and costs.
Sergeant Duffy charged Charles Brown, for cycling on the footpath near Lisburn, on the 27th November. Fined 2s 6d and costs.
Onion Prices Prosecution.
District-Inspector Gregory prosecuted W. J. Burns (Belfast), fruiterer, Bow St. Lisburn; for failing to exhibit in his Lisburn shop, a notice complying with the Onion Prices Order.
Constable Hamilton proved the case. He said the assistant told him that he had mentioned that matter several times to Mr. Burns.
The Chairman -- What is the penalty?
District-Inspector Gregory -- Not exceeding £100. (Laughter.)
Defendant, who failed to appear, was fined 10s and costs.
Farmers at Law.
Joseph Brown, farmer, Ballymullin, summoned John G. L. Coates, Ballymullin, for, as alleged, maliciously injuring his trap on the 13th November.
Coates brought a cross-case against Jos. Brown for assault, and also summoned Brown's son (Andrew) for assaulting him on the same occasion.
Joseph Brown said he had occasion to complain on several occasions about tricks being played on his tools. On the evening in question, when he came home he found his trap overturned. He went down the road, looking for defendant, and, meeting him, requested him to come and put the trap where he got it. Coates came and replaced the trap in its proper position. The door and wings of the trap were broken. It would take £3 to mend the trap.
By Mr. Lockhart -- The night was clear. He did not strike Coates, and he certainly did not see his son strike him with a stick.
Andrew Brown corroborated his father's evidence, and in cross-examination denied that he struck Coates with a stick. Coates did not put the trap back under compulsion.
Coates denied having touched the trap, and told Brown so, when he asked him to put it back. Both the Browns had walking sticks. Joseph Brown caught him and ripped his coat, and Andrew Brown struck him with a stick. Rather than get beaten he put the trap where he had seen it in the afternoon. J. Brown told him if he didn't do it he would go away a corpse.
By Mr. Maginess -- He wheeled the trap back to where he had seen it in the evening. He wheeled it back under compulsion, and did not know what damage was done to it.
Hugh Crockard, called for the defence, stated that he was present. Joseph Brown demanded Coates to go up and "put things as they were." The Browns seemed very angry, but neither of them caught or assaulted Coates.
Their Worships dismissed all the cases.
Bridge Street Neighbours' Outfall.
Annie Taylor, 41 Bridge Street, summoned Sarah Jefferson, 47 Bridge Street, for abusive language; James Taylor (son of the former) also summoned Mrs. Jefferson for a like offence and threats. In cross-summons Mrs. Jefferson summoned James Taylor for, as alleged, assaulting and threatening her on 3rd inst.; also Mrs. Taylor for abusive language. Mrs. Taylor summoned Mrs. Gowan for abusive language, and the latter issued a cross summons.
Mr. W. G. Maginess, solicitor, appeared for the Taylors; and Mr. James Reid, B.L. (instructed by Mr. John Graham, solicitor, Belfast), for Jefferson and Gowan.
Mrs. Taylor complained of the annoyance she suffered from Mrs. Jefferson and Mrs. Gowan throwing old tins and filth down at her back door. All she wanted was a stop put to the objectionable practice.
George Allen deposed to hearing Mrs. Jefferson use offensive language towards Mrs. Taylor, and throwing down tin cans at the door.
James Taylor stated that on the 3rd inst. he was washing himself in the yard when some things were thrown over by Mrs. Jefferson, whom he reprimanded, and she abused him.
To Mr. Reid -- He did not strike Mrs. Jefferson with hoop of a bicycle.
Mrs. Jefferson's case was, that she was at her own back door when Mrs. Taylor was throwing out some water, and address her, asked her what she was looking at. She (Taylor) then threw a Brasso tin at her, which she returned. More tins were thrown, and she (Jefferson) flung them back again. Mrs. Taylor had made several allegations regarding her. James Taylor on the 3rd inst., struck her with a bicycle hoop, after he had spoken to her about throwing things into his yard. She told him his mother had first thrown them, and that she was only throwing them back.
Mrs. Gowan denied that she had deposited filth at Mrs. Taylor's door, though the latter had abused her.
The hearing of the evidence occupied over an hour.
The magistrates having consulted, the Chairman announced that they had decided to bind Mrs. Jefferson to the peace for six months; they advised Mrs. Taylor to let Mrs. Jefferson alone; and dismissed all the other summonses.
Mr. Maginess asked for costs which were refused.
Insurance Agents Quarrel.
Joseph M'Mullan, insurance agent, Belvoir Terrace, Lisburn, summoned William Hayes, insurance agent, Longstone Street, for as alleged, using abusive and threatening language to him on the 5th October, 19th October, and 2nd November, and sought to have him bound to the peace.
Mr. W. G. Maginess appeared for M'Mullen, and Mr. N. Tughan, Belfast, for Hayes.
M'Mullen's case was that on the dates mentioned. Hayes accused him of being a blackleg and threatened to assault him.
He was in fear of his life of him.
By Mr. Tughan -- He didn't draw strike pay from the Union and work for an insurance company at the same time. His receipt dated 5th October for strike pay was up to the previous Thursday. He commenced work on the following Saturday (5th October), having received a substantial increase to his salary.
Mr. Maginess asked that Hayes he bound to the peace.
Mr. Tughan submitted that that was not a case for binding over to the peace. So far as Hayes was concerned he did not act other than to tell M'Mullen that he had no right to draw strike pay from the Union and work for the company at the same time. M'Mullen was found working on the day he signed the strike pay receipt.
Thomas Thompson giving evidence regarding 19th October, stated that he was with Hayes all that evening. Hayes did not speak to M'Mullen at all, but pointed him out to witness and remarked, "yonder he is again at work."
Mr. Tughan intimated that he had several other witnesses, whereupon
The Chairman said that the magistrates had decided to dismiss all the cases; but they advised Hayes not to interfere with M'Mullen in future.
Horse not under Control.
Constable M'Donald changed Rebecca Richardson with leaving a horse and cart standing at Tanyard Lane without any person being in control, thereby causing an obstruction.
Defendant, who did not appear, was fined 5s.
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Lisburn Standard - Friday, 20 December, 1918
THOMPSON -- On 18th December, at Main Street, Lisnaskea, Frederick John Thompson, flax instructor for Co. Fermanagh, the second son of John Thompson, Deneight. Funeral at 2 o'clock to family burying-ground, Legacurry, on Saturday, 21st. Friends will please accept this, the only intimation.
Mrs. THOMPSON and Family desire to express their sincere thanks to the many kind friends who sympathised with them in their recent sad bereavement, also those who sent letters of condolence and floral tributes. Hoping this will be accepted by all, as it would be impossible to thank each one individually. 28, Bachelor's Walk, Lisburn.
Mr. and Mrs. WILLIAM CAMPBELL and Son desire to return their sincere thanks to those many kind friends who sympathised with them in recent treble bereavement, also to those who sent beautiful floral tributes, and to Messrs. Charles Hurst & Co.'s employees for their beautiful wreath. Hoping this will be accepted by all. Rose Ville, Drumbeg, Lisburn.
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
-- -- --
Edited by JAMES CARSON.
-- -- --
-- -- --
THE MAKING OF THE ULSTERMAN.
By Rev. Dr. J. S. MacIntosh.
From "the Scotch-Irish in America." 1892.
No excuse need be tendered for giving extracts from Dr. MacIntosh's article here. Although it does not deal directly with the history of Lisburn or the Manor of Killultagh, it gives such a vivid and moving picture of the people, elements, and conditions, that went to build a complex character known as an "Ulsterman," but it should be of absorbing interest to all those who bear that proud title.
Dr. MacIntosh was born in Philadelphia educated in Europe, and pastor of the historic Tennant church, Philadelphia.
The article was first delivered as an address before the Scotch-Irish Society of America in 1890.
Possibly, if the Doctor was writing today he would dwell less on the bitterness and hatred towards England engendered in the hearts of the Ulstermen, who were driven from their homes in Ulster by intolerable injustice, and of the same sentiments living in the hearts of their descendants. The Ulsterman is not given to brood over the past and foster in his heart bitterness for ancient wrongs. He is eminently practical. He is also long-suffering but brooks injustice reluctantly. He entertains no delusions about national aspirations and sentimental grievances. The world is his home. He is not an islander, but an Imperialist, not Irish, but British.
The concluding words of the address are prophetic -- "and as he was found at Derry, so to-day and forever, when his country, wherever that may be shall call, he will be found, the first to start and the last to quit."
As it was then, so it is today.
At the first trumpet blast of war in 1914, the Ulsterman forgot past wrongs and present injustice and at the call of Empire sprang instantly to arms, fit representatives of the grand old stock. The blood-stained fields of France and Belgium know the heroic Ulster division. The Ulstermen -- "first to start and the last to quit."
-- -- -- -- -- -- --
The Ulsterman is Scot, and yet by no means just the Scot of the Lowlands: the Ulsterman is Irish, and yet wholly other than the Celt of Connaught.
The Ulsterman has had surprisingly little place in literature. it has been truly said by an English traveller, "With one or two exceptions, we can not recall any books in which the Ulster character is described." Yet the bold, bluff folk that lie between the Giant's Causeway and the Mourne Mountains have a history, a character, a humour, a folk-lore, and a future strangely interesting and largely unique. This hardy race, who are the people of liberty and law, of utility and order, will certainly carry you back to your forefathers, because of their Norse daring, their Pictish hardiness, their Saxons sagacity, their tough British endurance, and the Lowlander's painful thrift, deft management, clear-grained reality, outspoken truth, stubborn self-will, defiant straight-forwardness, unyielding patience, and far-sighted common sense; but they also make you see that they have somehow grown away and distant from their nearer and farther "forbears," and now stand out the clean-cut and truly "kenspeckle" Ulstermen.
The question comes was force to us. What made the man of Ulster different thus remarkedly from the man of the Lowlands, to whom he is most closely joined by all those bands that seem to insure unchanging likeness? No one, it would appear, has ever tried seriously to answer this singularly interesting racial question. We shall, however, here try to trace the steps from Lowlander to Ulsterman, and from Ulsterman to Scotch-Irishman. This pathway of history may show us what made them to differ. Our study is, then,
The Marks and Making of the Ulsterman.
In skilfully managed nurseries and gardens, trees and flowers of value are made pass through three stages of special care. First there is the Seed-bed, then there is the Plantation in the "hardening-off" ground, and then there is the final Transplantation to the chosen spots where they grow and fruit and flower. This real "plant of renown" has been just thus treated by the divine Husbandman of humanity. The Lowlands of Scotland where the seed-bed; the rocky hills and not over-rich valleys of Ulster were the veritable "hardening-off" ground, where the plant grew "strong and stocky;" and this broad land of America has been the resting place," where the God-sown, God-grown plant has matured and fruited and filled the land.
Look for a few moments on the seed-bed of our race. That seed-bed is the Lowlands of Scotland.
What an all-wondrous work-field of the God of history it is! What ages of divine toil unfold as we gaze; what upheavals of old landmarks, and what strange resettlements of invaders and invaded; what curious blendings and re-blendings of both allied and antagonistic races; what steady play of peace and war; what free blood-sheddings and marvellous weddings; what strange speech and diverse tongues -- Norse, Saxon, Frisian, British, Erse, and Norman -- till at last sounds the fresh, strong, early English!
This seed-bed lies water girt; the fact is significant. For those waters at once open gates and barriers of defence -- give us the history, the education, and prophecy of the mingling folks that last made their home in the south of Scotland and in the north of England. Let us set the district and its boundaries clearly before our eyes. If you look on the map of Scotland you will mark how two great sea-arms cut the country into a northern and southern part. These two great water-ways are the Firths of Forth and Clyde. If you look on the map of England you will mark two other sea-arms that sever the upper part of England from the midland and the south; these two water ways are the Humber and the Solway. Between Forth and the Clyde and the Humber and the Solway lie the old Strathclyde and Northumbria. To the right and left of the Strathclyde and Northumbria are the Irish and the German seas. Across these seas and up those channels came the freshest, boldest, richest, and most varied blood of Europe's kings and vikings, heroes and saints, scholars and singers, rovers, traders, and hunters -- the very pick of pioneers. They were the first Scots from Dalriada in the north of Ireland; they were the Norsemen and the Dane, the Saxon and the Frisian, the Belgian, and later the Norman-French. They found within that water-girt, Strathclyde and Northumbria, the remnant of that splendid older race, whence was Arthur, of the Round Table (and ancient Briton of the Strathclyde -- man of faith and fancy, of unyielding toughness and ever-starting life, and the woman of home grace and poetic power, of song and self-sacrifice. It has, until later years and more thorough search, been told that the old Briton died out or fled into the hidings of the Welsh hills. But the facts are other; and as Freeman and Skene, with now a band of young race-students have made clear, the old race was not blotted out; many were forced from the sea borders to the inland parts, but many men and more women stayed, or were held by the invaders to serve as the serfs or become the mothers of a new folk. To this [--?--] in the Strathclyde, and on both sides of the Borders, by none of the invasions of these parts, not even the Danish and the Norman, were the old Britons of the Arthur myths and sagas either destroyed or driven out. That rich and worthy old race formed the stock; into it were grafted the young, fresh, and in many respects, nobler branches, and the new shoots and the later fruits are the Lowlanders of Scotland. Here is where the Celtic blood comes into our veins, and not from a later hour and from Ireland. For the large enrichment ever brought by the Celt we must thank the Britain of Arthur, and not the clansman of the O'Neil.
This Lowland Race.
Briton and Norman, and Saxon and Dane, gave the world a new man, the Border soldier, the pioneer, the sea-rover, the inventor, the statesman, the revolutionary the singer in Robert Burns, and the romancer in Walter Scott. And nothing in the witching tale of folk-building and folk-breeding is more wonderful than the long toil in making that Lowland people. As Skene shows at the time of Alexander III, the population of Scotland was composed of six chief races, Picts, Britons, Scots, Angles, Norsemen (including Danes and Norwegians), and Frank0-Normans, "forming a people of very mixed descent, in which the Teutonic element was more and more predominating." In the Lowlands "the native base of this Brito-Scoto-Anglo-Norman people was the Romano Britain." Freeman, in his history of the Norman Conquest, and in his story of "The English People and Their Three Homes," shows us "that we adopted, assimilated, absorbed alike the conquerors and the conquered into the very essence of and national being."
But through and through the old Briton survived till the final fusion, so all-important to us, in the one rich-blooded Lowland folk. To that rare blood the scholarly Scot from Dalriada, the pliant, large-limbed Pict, the poetic Celt, the shrewd, acquisitive Anglo-Saxon, the patient Frisian, the daring Dane, the breezy Jute, the organising, systematic feudal Norman, but each his contribution. Who the Dalrind Scot and the large-framed, ruddy-faced Pict of Galloway were originally we cannot yet tell, but what they were in soul features has been made clear as daylight -- they were Christianized people, loving books, using schools, marked by free speech, by arts and song. They show many points of close affinity with the original Briton; fused with the Briton they were so open to the influences of Teuton and Norseman the Anglo-Saxon speech and society, thrift and industry firm rule and personal independence, soon became their common property and features. The old British speech begins to fade out; the folk-speech from Northumberland to the Clyde and the Forth is northern English or "Lowland Scotch;" and the future man of Bannockburn and Derry Walls and Kings Mountain is beginning to appear. He is the man with the blood of the borderer and soldier, mixed with that of the scholar and thinker, with the blood of the trader and farmer, mixed with that of the statesman and the lawyer. These combining and contrasting features soon began to show themselves. From that 25th day of April, 1057, when Malcolm Canmore was crowned at Scone near Perth, till the death of David, the first feudal king of Scotland, the combined contrasted features are slowly getting into harmony and order, and about the opening of the thirteenth century the Lowlander more and more shows himself. For about two centuries he settles, strengthens, solidifies.
During This "Fixing" Period
The Lowlander is tested and hardened and purged by battles with soil and weather, battles with southern English and northern Gael, battles with poets and princes. During that fixing period he wrestles with poverty and politics, and confessions and theology, and at last, under the sealing and finishing hand of Knox, who stands forth the man fitted to look every rival in the face, and hold his own in war and peace, mid-arctic snows or torrid heat. Behold him the Scot of to-day -- shrewd and thrifty, free and fearless, resolute and revolutionary, clear-thoughted and defined in conscience.
He multiplies and he fills the little Strathclyde from end to end. The place grows too straight for him. There is no field for his energies. As in the days of hardy Caleb, the cry is for room.
(To be continued.)
THE MESSAGE OF XMAS.
Long ago o'er Bethlem's city
Came the song of angels fair,
"To God be glory in the highest"
And their music filled the air.
Hasten to the manger cradle.
Worship Him the heaven-born Child.
Lamb of God, the world's Redeemer,
Prince of Peace and Saviour mild.
Bring, O kings, thy costly treasure,
Crowns and diamonds, pearls and gold
Myrrh and frankincense high measure,
Kneel before Him and behold --
Son of God from heaven's high glory,
Born to die in wonderous love,
Peace, goodwill to men for ever,
From the highest courts above.
But it is not earth's wide treasure,
Not of these the Saviour's claim,
But our contrite heart's adoring,
Tongues to praise and bless His name
Spreading far the wondrous tidings,
Till the whole creation sing,
For this Babe of Bethelem's manger
Is the universal king.
Eastern star shine on before us,
Lighten up our pilgrim way,
Till awakes the golden morning
Of that great triumphant day.
When the whole earth in her gladness
Joins the anthem of the skies,
For the gloom of death is vanquished,
And the sleeping dead shall rise.
Thompson Memorial Home. Lisburn.
PEACE ON EARTH.
Christmas is once more upon us,
Lead us star-divine to nee
Jesus in the manger lying,
Born to-day in Bethany.
How we love to hear the music,
As the carols round us ring;
Peace on earth the bolls are chiming,
Glory to our Lord and King.
Yes, they have chimed through the ages,
Now they're chiming once again,
Old familiar airs they're ringing;
Peace on earth, goodwill to men.
Airs we have learned in days gone past us,
Through life's joy and through life's ill,
But to-day they're fresh as ever,
Memory's warm, though winter's chill.
Still we hear them ringing, ringing,
Hark! the herald angels sing.
Peace on earth to all, and bringing
Glory to the new-born King.
21 Castle Street, Lisburn.
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Lisburn Standard - Friday, 27 December, 1918
SOME EXTRACTS FROM THE
RECORDS OF OLD LISBURN
AND THE MANOR OF KILLULTAGH.
-- -- --
Edited by JAMES CARSON.
-- -- --
-- -- --
THE MAKING OF THE ULSTERMAN.
By Rev. Dr. J. S. MacIntosh.
From "the Scotch-Irish in America." 1892.
Common is the saying, and not more common than true, blood will tell, blood of the Scot begins to tell. Rover and viking and pushing pioneer of the earlier days reappear, and wherever there is fighting and honour, and gain and open pathways to leadership and glory, the adventurous Scot is found. Europe begins to know the old raiders' grandsons as the "Scotch Guardsmen and Scotch Archers" of France, such as was Crawford and Leslie and Quentin Durward; as the "Scotch Brigade" of Holland; as the "Pikemen" of great Gustavus, and as the vanguard in many a European host. The schools and colleges and seminaries of France, Germany, and Italy find not a few of their keenest intellects from the old Borders. In the Hanse towns, and from the Baltic to the Mediterranean, every busy centre and trading town knows the canny Scot.
But he has before him the newer, and finer, and more world-marking career as colonizer; and the hour of his transplantation has come.
Stand upon the cliffs of Donegal; look sharply and knowingly at the rocks beneath your feet! Do you not recognise them? Have you never seen them before? Dive down deep beneath those rolling surges that thunder against the grim buttresses of the coast. Search with the geologist eye the seabed. You will find that another solid roadway runs from shore to shore, as from Staffa to the Causeway. That solid roadbed is the very rock of the old Grampians. And as the firm stone of the two lands are one, beneath the sea, so across the sea the same hard, the same hard, strong reliable race is to stretch - the
Lowlander Becomes the Ulsterman.
In that seed bed of the Strathclyde were to be found the sires and grandsires of the world's mightiest colonisers -- the true twin brothers of the Puritan. It is very worthy of notice that the Englishman was transplanted to America ere he grew to be the unchangeable "John Bull," and the Lowlanders out of whom were to come our Scotch-Irish, were moved across to Ulster ere they became fixed for ever as the Sawneys of to-day. Some folks migrate too soon; and some move too late; the vanguard from the Lowlands started just at the true moment for the doing of their own plainly marked divine work.
It has been well said by a writer in the Quarterly Review: "For two generations." -- before James the First -- "increasing intercourse with Calvinistic churches on the continent, the discipline of adversity applied by high commission courts and bishops, and above all by the growth of education and the spread of Bible reading had favoured the growth of that serious and high-minded enthusiasm which makes the Puritan epoch. It is difficult to understand how a single habit of reading the Bible should have transformed the life of a nation. We must compare with it the still more sudden and complete changes produced by like causes in Scotland, where the English speaking population were converted in a few years from a lukewarm conformity to Roman Catholicism to a fervent attachment to Calvinism. There, as in England, the growth of education favoured the growth of new opinions. Protestantism and the popular forms of government were understood to be kindled forces; there, as in England the movement was felt most strongly among the lower and middle classes. The more logical and compromising character of the Scottish national character agreed with the stricter forms of Swiss Calvinism; and the same phenomena which produced the Puritan party in England made the Lowland Scotch a Puritan Nation."
Just at the critical moment, when the finality of the Scotch was threatened. just at the moment when he could become another and yet remain essentially the uprooting of the promising sapling comes, and God oversees the transplanting.
The Plantation of the Scotch into Ulster
Kept for the world the essential and the best features of the Lowlander. But the vast change gave birth to and trained a somewhat new and distinct man, soon to be needed for a great task which only this Ulsterman could do; and that work -- which none save God, the guide, foresaw -- was with Puritan to work the revolution that gave humanity the American Republic.
Now into the right or wrong of England's way of settling war-wasted Ulster by planting groups of colonists, we will not enter; here we take simple historic fact -- thus 't was done. And well was it for the world, and first for Ireland, that 't was done.
One of the greatest facts in history is the plantation of Ulster; the sixteenth of April, 1605, should be for us all memorable, by all historic, ancestral and constitutional rights, for that sixteenth day of April was all the state papers show, "The Day of the Great Charter."
On that day was given forth by the English court that charter under which the "Undertakers" were authorised to start a movement, the end of which the world sees not yet.
But it is a bright and sunny day of middle May which is in many respects the still greater day, for that May day was the landing of the Lowlanders to restore Ulster and largely remake history. We journey to Plymouth Rock and tell of the landing of the Puritans; and none too often nor too fondly. But let us not forget that the Ulsterman has his day, and that America has a right to know and keep the day, the May day of the Ulster landing, for that too lives in the very heart of this land.
By that landing, the seat of a new empire has been found. New empire? Yes, empire; for imperial by all proofs and tokens was that race that came to Ulster to change it from savage wilds to smiling fields and busy towns.
As is broadly believed, and as Buckle has proved, province and people are ever closely linked.
What, then, the environment for this great evolution in history? The dominating life at the centre is a man; every inch of him the off-spring of the northern sea rover and of the Strathclyde home maker -- the child of waves, and hills, and rocks. And he stands now in a land singularly suited to him -- a province of strangely varied scenery, a coast almost unrivalled, in the Norway and Iceland of his Norse sires; a province of rolling hills and deep glens, of wide-spread moors and far-stretch loughs, of sunny lakes dotted with fairy islets, of silvery streams where the salmon leap and the trout frisk; a province which bars out the northern seas by the bold strengths of the Causeway and shuts off the southern Celt by the ramparts of Mourne Hills; a province dented deeply to the north with Carrick Lough and Swilly Bay, and to the south by the sea arms pf Carlingford and Sligo; a province strikingly resembling the old home in the Strathclyde, but gifted with softer and balmier breezes, and warmer seas that shall tend to soften, and mellow, and sweeten the overhardness of the Lowlander.
In Ulster now stands
The Transplanted Scot,
The man of opportunity, of utility and order, the man of law and self-respect and self-reliance; with a king's charter in his hand, with a king's smile upon him, with the cheers of England's hopeful civilization encouraging him, and before him a war-wasted country to reclaim and to hold. War-wasted country! Yes; savage feuds and forays had left it a dismal desert! Quaintly the old Montgomery Manuscripts tell the tale -- they found the lands "more wasted than America when the Spaniards landed there" -- between Donaghadee and Newtownards -- "thirty cabins could not be found, nor any stone walls, but ruined, roofless churches, and a few vaults at Grey Abbey, and a stump of an old castle as Newton." From the Calendar of State Papers for Ireland during the years 1608 to 1610, we learn the Ulster was then the most savage part of Ireland!
But there stands the soldier of the world's vanguard of civilization, the reorganising son of sires always leaving their marks in a finer life and larger prosperity, the daring son of daring invaders, who were always victors; and the brave pioneer faces the desert and its dangers with hardiness, with fertility of resource, with industry and thrift.
And now the forces changing the Lowlander into the Ulsterman begin to work. What are these forces? Whence came they. And what changes did they work. Why is the transplanted Scot not just like the old Scot? What are the discriminating marke of the Ulsterman, and how did he gain them? These are questions that must be answered.
Our American term -- the Scotch-Irish -- is not known even in Ulster, save among the very few who have learned the ways of our common speech. The term known in Britain is the Ulsterman; and in Ireland it is the "sturdy Northern," or at times the "black Northern."
The transplanted Scot begins as a chartered and favoured colonist. He had expectations, large expectations of special favour; and he had a right from given pledges to entertain these expectations. This point has been but seldom stated; and never been marked and emphasised, as the facts of the case and the needs of the after-tale call for. You can not measure aright his burning sense of wrong at a later day; you can not understand his methodized madness till he shows his broken treaties and dishonoured compacts. He had the right to expect the backing of England, the fullest enjoyment of his hard-won home, the co-equal privilege of citizenship, the largest possession of freedom in both church and state. This statement can be easily verified to the fullest from the family history of many old Ulster family histories, from the Montgomery and Hamilton MSS., from state papers, and from a proclamation inviting settlers for Ulster and dated at Edinburgh, 28th of March, 1609.
This chartered and favoured colonist, the destined maker of a new state and the father of a fresh manhood for the struggling world, faces bravely the many hazards he had already measured and braced himself to meet. A man of destiny, he was a true pioneer like our own Scotch-Irish in this land. There is wide difference between the mere pioneer and the pioneer-colonist; we know that there are men who can be only scouts and advance-frontiersmen and men, again, who can be both scouts and settlers. The Ulsterman was the latter. He joins dash and daring to self-poise and self-dependence. The two cities of Ulster, Belfast and Derry, are the evidences of the transplanted Scot; Belfast is self-made and Derry is self-kept. Picked men they were, these favoured colonists. Doubt has been expressed on this very point. But the doubt has sprung either from ignorance or sectarian bigotry or race hatreds. In the calendar of state papers for Ireland -- 1615-1625 -- we have among many other clear statements the official report of Capt. Pynnar, who, sent by the government to inspect the Ulster settlers, tells in plain, honest words exactly what he then found. We have further the accounts in the register of the Privy Council of Scotland of the great care taken in the selection of the "undertakers." We know that King James gave his own personal oversight to the plantation. We know that the Duke of Lennox, under the royal eyes, drew from Dumbartonshire, that the Earl of Abercorn from Ayrshire, and that from Gallowayshire and Dumfriesshire, Crawford, Cunningham, Ochiltree, and MacLellan carefully selected colonists for the new venture. In one of the letters of Sir Arthur Chichester, Deputy of Ireland, we rend as follows: "The lord Ucheltrie arrived in Ireland at the time of our being in Armagh, accompanied with thirty-three followers, gentlemen of sort, a minister, some tenants, free-holders, and artificers." In another communications to government the keen-eyed deputy says: "The Scottishmen come with better port (i.e. manifest character), they are better accompanied and attended" -- (than even the English settlers). Just as to these western shores came the stronger souls, the more daring, and select, so to Ulster from the best parts of lower Scotland came the picked men to be Britain's favoured colonists.
(To be continued.)
DEATH OF CAPT. R. J. G. DOWSE.
Captain R. J. Gordon Dowse, Royal Army Service Corps, the eldest son of the Dean of Connor, Belfast, died of pneumonia on the 19th inst, at the 42nd Casualty Clearing Station, France. This officer, who had seen almost four years' service, is a brother-in-law of Mrs. Dundas, Magheragall Rectory, Lisburn.
TROOPER E. F. MARTIN DROWNED.
Trooper Eric F. Martin (son of Rev. Pierce Martin, Osborne Park, Belfast), who was serving in Mesopotamia with the Cavalry Machine Gun Corps, and who was previously posted "missing, believed drowned," is now officially reported to have been drowned on 28th October, 1918.
THE LISBURN STANDARD
FRIDAY, DECEMBER, 27th 1918.
CHRISTMAS IN LISBURN.
Christmas passed over very quietly in Lisburn. The weather has cold, but it was crisp and dry and suitable in every way for outdoor enjoyment. As was only in keeping with the fitness of things, after the strain of four long years of war, now victoriously ended, various religious services in the morning were well attended. There were not many attractions in the way of sport, and the majority of folk had to be content with what excitement one or other of the junior football matches had to offer. The Picture House did a right merry business during the holiday, and Manager Darlington had the satisfaction of seeing all records broken as regards attendance. At our local dictrict hospital (formerly known as the workhouse) Dr Murphy, acting on instructions of the Guardians, saw to it that extra Christmas fare, where it did not in any way interfere with the progress of the patients, was provided, and pre-war customs were observed. At the Co. Antrim Infirmary and Thompson Memorial Home extras, as well as specially contributed comforts from outside friends, were also the order of the day, and not since long before the war was such a happy Christmas spent. All over there was a greater air of gaiety, and, on the whole, everybody seemed to enjoy the old-time Christmas. The mail was the heaviest on record, and the postal staff, from Mr. Jas. Shanks, postmaster, downwards, deserve the warmest thanks of the public for the way they dealt with it. We had pleasure in witnessing for a short time the staff at work at one of its busiest periods, and we can personally testify to the fact that if there was any delay it certainly was not at the Lisburn end, where both letters and parcels were sorted and sent out with astonishing order, exactness and celerity.
LISBURN PETTY SESSIONS.
This court was held yesterday before Messrs. W. J. M'Murray, J.P. (in chair); and Thomas Sinclair, J.P. Mr. T. J. English, C.P.S., was in attendance.
On the evidence of Constable Kelly, Largymore, Ellen Peel was fined 2s 6d and costs for indecent behavoir on 21st inst.
Mary Vogan, 5 Mercer Street, summoned Liny Topping for, as alleged, assaulting her on 12th inst.
Mr. W. G. Maginess, solicitor, appeared for the complainant.
After evidence, their Worships in adjourning the case for two months cautioned the defendant.
A Lost Overcoat.
A respectable looking young man named Robert Ringland, Low Road, Lisburn, was charged with as alleged, the larceny of an overcoat, value £6, the property of Mr. Fred Menary, Market Square, Lisburn.
Mr. W. G. Maginess, solicitor, appeared for the defence, and Head-Constable Goold conducted the prosecution.
Mr. Menary deposed that on the evening of the 12th inst., he was attending a social meeting in Seymour Street Schoolroom, and had left his coat in the hall along with a number of others. When he was leaving at 10-30 the coat was missing. He identified the garment (produced) as the one in question. He did not see any one take the coat.
Sergeant Rourke said that the coat was brought to the barracks on the evening of the 16th inst. by the defendant. He (defendant) stated that a number of boys had dragged it in the gutter; and that he picked it up and took it home.
William Caves, aged 10 years, and son of the sexton of Seymour Street Methodist Church, stated that when coming down the stairs in the schoolhouse he heard a footstep in the hall, where men's coats were hanging. At the foot of the stair, he saw the defendant. When the latter saw him coming he edged into the side of the porch. Witness asked him if he was looking for any body, and he said he was not. He knew defendant by seeing him going up and down the road.
To Mr. Sinclair -- There was light in the hall.
By Mr. Maginess -- He knew defendant and his two brothers. He could make no mistake about the defendant. He first heard of the coat being lost that night. Defendant had no overcoat on when he saw him. He was wearing a blue suit.
The father of the defendant was then examined by Mr. Maginess, to whom he said his son was a printer, and worked in Belfast, on the evening mentioned he came home at about 9-30, and was wearing a grey suit, with a burberry coat. He brought in an overcoat, which was covered with "gutters," and which he said he had found on the street. Witness told him to throw it into the shed in the yard until it would dry and some one turn up for it.
Thomas Ringland deposed that a policeman visited him at his work concerning the lost coat, and said he had a good mind to arrest him on suspicion of stealing it. He had never heard of the coat before that.
Mrs. Ringland said her son (defendant) did not possess a blue suit. There was no secret about the overcoat he brought in. He had told some of the men in the train that he found a coat. Defendant cleaned the coat on the Sunday. On hearing of the coat being lost from the school, defendant, when he came home on Monday night, at once took it to the police barrack before he took time to take his tea.
To Head-Constable Goold -- She heard there was a bunch of keys and a pair of gloves in the pockets, but knew of no papers bearing Mr. Menary's name.
Mr. Maginess submitted that in the evidence there was no question of a larceny. Defendant was the son of very respectable people, he was in a good position, earning good wages, and would have no reason whatever to take a coat that did not belong to him.
The magistrates retired,for consultation and on returning,
The Chairman announced that they considered it was a proper case to send forward for trial, unless defendant pleaded guilty.
Mr. Maginess -- He pleads not guilty. It is clearly a case of mistaken identity.
Defendant was then returned for trial to the Quarter Sessions, being admitted to bail.
A Duck Case.
William Curran, Linen Hall Street, was charged on remand with, as alleged, attempting to steal a duck and assaulting the owner, Isaac Dalton, Knockmore, at 10-30 p.m. on 20th inst.
Defendant, who denied the charge, was sent forward for trial to the Quarter Sessions.
NEW YEAR'S GREETING TO OUR BOYS.
War is ended:
You've done splendid,
And a superb Victory won.
The battle lost,
The German host
Back to their land have gone.
Now on the Rhine
Your splendid line
Keeps silent watch and ward.
O'er lands redeemed,
Where you're esteemed,
Their liberty you guard.
-- -- -- -- -- --
From dark to grey
Broke august day;
But ere the evening star
Flashed from the wire
The tidings dire--
Our country is at war.
A cry for men,
You heard it then,
And you from us were gone--
We know not where;
But you were there,
And we were left alone.
The fight was long,
The foe was strong;
Long had you to endure
Stroke after stroke,
That well nigh broke
The line you held secure.
With downright grit
You did your bit,
And stayed the great attack.
Then your turn came
In the great game;
You struck and drove them back.
Four years and more
Of war ye bore;
Then came November morn.
'Twas big with fate,
We list' and wait.
Hark! a new world is born.
From swinging bells
The cadence swells
Good news -- the sword is sheathed
The toiler stands
With folded hands:
Thank God! Is slowly breathed.
But when we meet
How we will greet
Our gallant boys each one.
You will be here,
Your duty fairly done.
This New Year still,
With right good will,
We hearty greetings send.
May heaven's peace,
That ne'er will cease,
Be yours onto the end.
U.F. Church Guild, Thornhill,
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