General Notes: Kirkby la Thorpe, Lincolnshire, England
In 1930 William Alan Dyer published "William Dyer a Rhode Island Disse nt er - From Lincoln or Somerset" [RIHSC309-26], which presented the bap ti sm and apprenticeship records of the immigrant, and dispoded of a nu mb er of misconceptions.
In 1940 Theresa A. Dyer published the English marriage record for Wil li am Dyer [NEHGR 94-300-1].
In 1991 Johan Winsser documented the lives of Henry & Mary (Dyer) Ward [ NE HGR 145:22-28].
Extracts from the Parish Registers, Kirkby Laythorpe, County Lincoln, En gl and:Giving the date of baptism of William Dyre; that of his brother, Ni cho las (older); that of his sister Margaret (younger); the transcript bei ng s igned on Ladyday 1610 by the father, William Dyer, Church-warden (t he o ne who apprenticed his son, William -- William of Rhode Island - in 1 62 3, to Walter Blackborne, fishmonger).William Dyer, the son of Willi am Dy er was baptized the 19th September 1609 .
NEHGR, Vol 151, pages 408-416 "Walter Blackborne, London Milliner" by J oh an Winsser; says (in part): About Midsummer's Day (June 24) 1624 Blackb or ne contracted fouteen year old William Dyer as an apprentice. Dyer, t he s on of an affluent Lincolnshire yeoman, was the future husband of Ma ry (B ar rett) Dyer, the Quaker martyr. How the Dyer family came to sele ct Black borne is not certain, but it may have been through the Hutchinso ns of Alfo rd, Lincolnshire, or through the Carres of Sleaford, Lincolnshi re, both fa milies with known long standing associations with the Dyers a nd with clo se relatives in London. It may also be that the Dyers of Linco lnshire kn ew of Blackborne through one or more of the many Dyer famili es living in L ondon, to whom they may have been related. In any case, Wil liam Dyer mu st have labored on a trial basis for the first year, becau se it was not un til 20 August 1625 that his nine year indenture was enrol led with the Fi sh mongers, and it was made retroactive to the previous su mmer. In assumi ng responsibility for an apprentice, Blackborne obligat ed himself to ser ve as a surrogate father, teaching young Dyer his trad e, providing h im wi th bed, food, clothing, and behavioral supervision, a nd maintaini ng him in the religious life of the parish. In return, Dyer a greed to ser ve his master faithfully for the set term of years, to for go marriage duri ng his apprenticeship, to keep his master's secrets, a nd to adhere to stri ct b ehavorial standards both in his master's house a nd abroad in the town .On 10 February 1632, William Dyer signed a lea se to rent "The Globe" in t he New Exchange, formerly occupied by Blackbor ne, for a term of two a nd a quarter years.About a year later 1632/33 Will iam Dyer also assumed t he lease for Blackbo rne's tenement on Mr. Greene 's Lane.By the autu mn of 1635 William Dyer had set sail for Boston and so on was prosperi ng in his new home. He was one of fourteen owners of a wha rf in Boston.
[The Weaver Genealogy, Page 56,57"William Coddington, who had been a c ro wn magistrate at Salem, was chosen Governor of the Rhode Island colon y. Th us, two flourishing settlemen ts were planted, each having its own g overnm ent. Absolute liberty of consc ience prevailed, and the persecut ed flock ed thither from the other colonie s. These people were so-call ed non-confo rmists and were Quakers, and th ey formed a plantation whic h, with Provide nce and Newport, obtained from E ngland in March 1644, a c harter under t he title of 'The Incorporation of P rovidence Plantatio ns in the Narragans ett Bay in New England.'" Coddingt on and his party dr ew up and signed t he following agreement: THE COMPA CT "We, whose nam es are underwritte n, do swear solemnly, in the presence of Jehovah, to in corporate ourselv es into a body politic, and as He sha ll help us, will s ubmit our person s, lives and estates, unto our Lord Jes us Christ, the Ki ng of Kings and L ord of Hosts and to His Holy Word of Truth, to be guid ed and judged thereb y. Exod. XXIV. 3; 2 Kings XI, 17."
Rhode Island Land Evidences 1648 -1696
Baltimore Publishing Co. 1970
(27) Wm. Dyre to Henry Dyre.........William Dyre of Newport.......Gent. .. ...granted to my sonn Henry Dyre into that part of my farme lyin ge at t he northerly and thereo f: to witt, from the Stone Ditch. as als oe from t he tree where my sonn Mah ers Tobacco house stood, from the Ca ve to a nd by that tree upon an Equi d istante line from the said Stone D itch do wne unto and through the swamp u nto mr. Coddingtons line by t he brooke. ( the fence is equally devided)...p ercell of Land...so...bound ed with a fr ee Egress ingress and regress to and through the la nd of my sonn Samuels. ..but in case my sonn Henry should have Is ue on ly Femailes then my so nn Samuell ...after the death of the said H en ry shall Give one hundred a nd fifty pounds starllinge the elde st to ha ve a double portion the re st an equall dividend of the Residu e, but if on ly one...all to her &c bes ides the Valluation of the......h oussinge...the reon built...the La nd to return to ...Samuell...7th d ay of July 1670. W illiam Dyre
The X marke off.
[e-mail from Aurie Morrison]The 20th Century Biographical Dictiona ry of No table Americans, Vol. 3, p.3 66Captain William and Mary Dyre, w ho came fr om England to Boston, Suffolk, M ass., and joined the First chu rch the re in December, 1635. Captain Dyre w as disfranchised for "seditio us writi ng" Nov. 15, 1637, removed to Rhode I sland, and was one of the s igne rs of the compact of government for that pr ovince, March 7, 163 8. He w as secretary the same year, general recorder, 1 648; attorney-gene ral, 165 0-53; member of the general court, 1661-62, 1664 -66; general sol icitor, 1 665-66, and 1668, and secretary to the council, 1 669. He was co mmission ed commander-in-chief upon the sea in 1653, and head ed an expedi tion fitt ed out in Rhode Island against the Dutch. His wife, Mary Dyre, w as the on ly woman to suffer capital punishment in all the oppression of t he Frien ds the world over. She accompanied her husband on his mi ssi on to Engla nd with Roger Williams and Dr. John Clarke to obtain the rev o cation of Go vernor Coddington's power in Rhode Island and while there b ec ame a conve rt to Quakerism and a preacher in the society. On arrivi ng in Boston in 16 57 she was imprisoned and on the petition of her husba nd was pe rmitt ed to go with him to Rhode Island, but never to retu rn to Massachuset t s. She returned, however, and with William Robinson a nd Marmaduke Steve ns on was tried and convicted for "their rebellion, sed ition and presumpt uo us obtruding upon us notwithstanding their being sen tenced to banish me nt on payne of death, as underminers of the government ." Robinson and S tev enson were executed, but through the petition of h er son, Mayor Willi am Dyre, she was reprieved on the same conditions as b efore, but in May, 1 660, again appeared on the public streets of Bosto n, and was brought be fo re the court, May 31, and condemned to death. S he was executed Ju ne 1, 1660.
From Phil Dyer & Johann Winsser:William Dyre did receive a commissi on t he English Council of State (about 1652) that appointed him admiral a nd, u pon his return to Newport in 1653, received a commission from Rho de Isla nd to operate as a privateer again st the Dutch. Some of the detai ls are f ound in:Arnold, James N. "The First Comission at Sea from Rho de Island ." The Magazine of History, Vol. VII, No. 4, April 1908, 197-20 7; Vol. VI I, No. 5, May 1908, 262.
"Three weeks later (2 October 1652) Coddington's authority in Rhode Is la nd was effectively undercut by an official decree issued by the Cou nc il of State. ... The new document is explicit in appointing Willi am Dy re to oversee measures against the Dutch at sea-a clear sanction f or Dy re to act as a privateer. ... When war broke out between the Engli sh a nd D utch in early 1653, William took quick advantage of the hostili ti es to adv ance his own position. On 18 March he had himself appoint ed he ad of a comm ittee of seven to oversee the fortification and armi ng of New port. Dyre 's appointment was legitimized in part through his p rior milit ary experien ce, having been directed by the General Court a f ew years ear lier to organ ize the Newport training band, which had appare ntly lapse d. Then in M ay the island towns held their first General Ass embly sin ce the Coddingt on usurpation but this was an Assembly still wit hout the r epresentativ es of Providence and Warwick. On 17 May Dyre was c hosen, alo ng with John S anford and Nicholas Easton, to attend to the col ony's pa rt of all prizes s ecured in the war (RICR 1:265). The next day t he Gener al Assembly was mo re explicit and forceful; it granted commissio ns to "Ca ptain John Underhil l, Commander-in-Chief upon ye lands and Capt ain Willi am Dyer Commander-in- Chief at ye sea ..." to go against the Du tch. Capta in Edward Hull of Braint ree and Boston received a similar b ut more plain ly stated commission (RI CR 1:266 and Arnold, 1908). A meeti ng of the Unit ed Colonies noted with co ncern that Dyre had quickly gathe red around h im a band of "resolute fellow es" to fall on the Dutch farme s' (United Col onies, 51). Some would hold wi th that old English prove rb that Dyre had n ow put out a bigger sail than h is boat could sustain.
The news of these preparations for war and Dyre's commission were re ce iv ed with alarm by the more sober magistrates in Providenc e. On 25 M ay 16 53 the town of Providence noted Dyre's commission as o ne "to make w ar up on the Dutch." The Providence magistrates were sti ll further distur bed be cause the commissions granted to Underhill, Dyr e, and Hull were awa rded al so in the name of the mainland towns witho ut their consent and Dyr e, in pa rticular, was regarded as an opportuni st and provocateur. Where t here alre ady had been considerable ill-feeli ng between the mainland and i sland town s, this presumptuous appointme nt became a further wedge betwe en the divid ed colony. On the 3rd and 4 th of June, the towns of Providen ce and Warwi ck addressed "A Brief Remon strance" intended to disassocia te themselves fr om what they perceiv ed to be the "illegal and unjust proc eedings" of Dy re and those who supp orted him. The commission was characte rized as one "t ending to war, whi ch is like, for aught we see, to set a ll New Engla nd on fire, for the ev ent of war is various and uncertai ne ..." (RICR 1:270 )...."
RICR = Rhode Island Colonial records, and United Colonies = Rec or ds of t he United Colonies.
PUBLICATIONS OF THE RHODE ISLAND HISTORICAL SOCIETY
NEW SERIES Vol. V January 1898 No. 4
Whole Number, 20In June, 1660, there is record of a challenge from Wil li am Dyar of Newpo rt as to "ye proporiety of our lands and libar ti es of ye people."
============================================Feb.20,1686/7, his son, Will ia m(2) mentions his deceased father in his wil l.
Noted events in his life were:
• Baptism: 19 Sep 1609.
William married Mary Barrett 2 3 6 on 27 Oct 1633 in St. Martin in the Fields, London, England.7 8 Mary was born about 1610 in London, London, England, died on 1 Jun 1660 in Boston, Suffolk, Ma9 10 about age 50, and was buried in 1660 in NEWPORT LOCATION UNKNOWN NEWPORT *LOST* FROM QUAKER DEATH RECORDS.9
+ 6 M v. Henry Levi Dyer 12 was born about 1647 in Rhode Island, died in Feb 1689/90 in Newport, Newport, Ri19 about age 43, and was buried in 1690 in COMMON BURIAL GROUND NEWPORT FAREWELL ST ->20 ft. E.9
+ 8 M vii. Charles Dyer 1 2 22 23 24 was born about 1650 in Rhode Island, died on 15 May 1709 in Newport, Newport, Ri9 19 25 about age 59, and was buried in 1709 in DYRE FAMILY BURIAL GROUND NEWPORT *LOST* MAITLANDS - DYRE FARM.9
1. William Allan Dyer, The Name of Dyer, A Genealogical Record (1940).
2. John Osborne Austin, Ancestry of Thirty-Three Rhode Islanders Born in the 18th Century (Albany, N.Y.: Published by Joel Munsell's Sons: 1889), 21.
3. William Allan Dyer, William Dyer, a Rhode Island Dissenter - From Lincoln or Somerset? (From Genealogies of R.I. Families; Vol.1, Gen Pub. Co. Inc. 1983).
4. Daughters of Founders and Patriots of America, National Society of, Founders and Patriots of America Index. (1967), 74.
5. Robert Charles Anderson, George F. Sanborn, Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn , Great Migration 1634-1635, C-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001.), 384.
6. New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol.94, July 1940, 300.
7. Clarence Almon Torrey, New England Marriages Prior to 1700 (1994).
8. New England Historical and Genealogical Register.
9. Rhode Island Historical Cemeteries Transcription Project Index.
10. James N. Arnold, Vital Records of Rhode Island 1636-1850, Births, Marriages & Deaths Vol.7, Friends & Ministers (Narragansett Hist. Pub. Co., Providence, RI. 1895), 99.
11. William Allan Dyer, The Name of Dyer, A Genealogical Record (1940), Page 7.
12. John Osborne Austin, Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island (Gen. Publishing Co. Inc., 1978).
13. Whitmore, William H, A Report of the Record Commissioners of Boston, Suffolk, Ma. 1630-1699 (Rockwell and Churchill. Boston. 1883), 3.
14. Monnette, Orra Eugene, First Settlers of Ye Plantations of Piscataway & Woodsridge Olde East New Jersey, Part 5 (The Leroy Carman Press. California. 1931).
15. Robert Charles Anderson, The Great Migration Begins: Immigrants to New England, 1620-1633 (vols. 1-3, Boston, Suffolk, Ma: New England Historic Genealgical Society, 1995), 918.
16. Lora Altine Woodbury Underhill, Descendants of Edward Small of New England (Revised Edition) (Boston & New York: Houghton Mifflin Co.: 1934).
17. Turner, Some Records of Sussex County, 1909, 123.
18. Pierce, Frederick C, Pearce Genealogy (Private Publisher, Illinois. 1888), 39.
19. Stones in Common Burial Ground, Newport, Rhode Island, p.143-144.
20. Johan Winsser, Mary (Dyre) Ward: Mary (Barrett) Dyre's Missing Daughter Traced (NEHGR, Volume 145, January 1991), 22-28.
21. Robert Charles Anderson, George F. Sanborn, Jr., and Melinde Lutz Sanborn , Great Migration 1634-1635, C-F (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2001.), 383.
22. Cutter, William Richard, New England Families Genealogical and Memorial: Third Series, Vol. IV 1915 (Reprint, Baltimore; Genealogical Publishing Co. Inc., 1996).
23. "Claudettes" PO Box 37010, Bloomington, MN 55431, Woodson Watchers, plus allied lines, Vol. 1, #3.
24. Bentley, William Perry, b. 1880; Bentley, John Earle; Sarter, Emilie, Genealogy of one branch of the Peckham family of Newport and Westerly, R.I. : and its allied families (Dallas, Tex.? : Unknown, 1957), 37.
25. Nellie M. C. Beaman, Rhode Island Genealogical Register, Abstracts of Pre Revolutionary Newport Wills (Newport Rhode Island Town Council & Probate, Vol. 2, 1707-1712), 20.
26. Johan Winsser, Mary (Dyre) Ward: Mary (Barrett) Dyre's Missing Daughter Traced (NEHGR, Volume 145, January 1991), Vol. 146, Jul.1992, Page 294.
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