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My email address is displayed below in a way that deters interception by spammers for junk mail purposes.  You cannot click on it nor can you copy it with your computer’s Edit/Copy button. You must write the email address on a piece of paper then manually enter it into the Address Book or the “To” window of your email application/program. I am truly sorry for the inconvenience of this process, but spam has become a major problem for me.

Several observations:
1. The power of Google has created an impression that anything can easily be found by entering a few words. The advent of lineage based databases, such as, WorldConnect and FamilySearch, has reinforced this impression. However, it has been estimated that less than 5% of all archived genealogical information is available on the web.
2. One of the most efficient research tools available is the census. The census is one of the first places to look for your ancestor, not the last. You have not reached a dead-end or brick wall until you have carefully checked all the censuses in which your ancestor might be enumerated.

Most importantly:
I will be glad to freely give you my assistance, but I am not a computer, a genealogy Google or a leaf raker  To discover any information that is not on my web page or in my databases requires my time and effort.
Computers, Google and, most especially, little leaves, do not expect a "thank you"; but I do, even if my answer is less than pleasing to you. If you have the time to ask, you should make the time to thank me for my response. Not to do so is rude, selfish and ignorant, no matter how busy you may be.

If you want me to respond, please make sure that your email/junk mail program does not block my email address. It happens all the time. If you have not received a reply in a few days, your junk mail filter has probably blocked my message.

Also, I research many surnames and people. I have several web pages and database. So, please include a surname and the word “Genealogy” on the subject line of your message.


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Revised Mar 21, 2017