Some Selected Reports from The Windsor and Eton Express
26th March 1842
Installation of the New Governor of the Military Knights
The ceremony of the installation of Captain J.J.Cumming
as Governor of the Military Knights of Windsor, the room of the late Lieutenant Colonel Basset
, took place at St.George's Chapel, during Divine Service, on last Saturday morning, with the usual ceremonies. The new governor was introduced and conducted to his Stall by the two senior Military Knights present, Lieutenants Ragg
. The Rev.Dr.Keate
[?], attended as the canon in residence; and prayers were read by the Rev.Mr.Gore
, minor Canon - The vacancy created by the decease of Lieutenant Basset
will be filled up by the appointment of Captain T.Cradock
, unattached, late of the 27th Regiment of Foot. His Installation however will not take place, in consequence of Passion week, until Thursday the 31st instant.
Windsor Union Contracts
At a special meeting of the Board of Guardians, for the Windsor Union, held on the 17th inst., the following contracts for supplying the poor of the union were accepted: - Mrs.White
, of Egham, Mr.George Rangecroft
, of Windsor, and Mr.James Allen
, of Sunninghill, from bread; Mr.Robert Harris
of Egham, for meat; Mr.Hyde
, and Mr.W.Rangecroft
, of Windsor, and Mr.Runnington
, of Egham, for grocery; Mr.Driver
, of Windsor, and Mr.Long
, of Egham, for clothing; Messrs. Jennings
, of Windsor, for beer; Mr. E.Mason
, of Windsor, for coals; Mr.Adderley
, of Spital, for faggots; and Mr.Gullick
, of Old Windsor, for milk.
delivered his third lecture on "Electrotype Manipulation" on Wednesday last. The lecturer stated that he should pass over all preliminary observations, and at once introduced electro-etching, because he purposed producing during the course of the lecture an etched plate of Windsor Castle. Having referred to the principles, developed more at large in his previous lectures, by which a sheet of copper is gradually consumed, when properly subjected to the voltaic action as an anode, he explained that if any portion of such a plate were protected by a varnish, that portion would remain untouched by the voltaic action. He then produced a copper plate varnished at the back, and in the front covered with etching ground, on which was traced the Round Tower and the south front of the Castle. This was placed, for about ten minutes, under the influence of the voltaic current, and a perfect etching was produced. The plate was immediately forwarded to a printer's and in a few minutes was returned, together with several prints, which were much admired. Considerable interest was evinced by the simplicity and success of the operation. While this was on progress, Mr.Walker
directed the attention of his hearers to a series of electro-tints, and explained the principle of their production. A design is painted on a copper or other plate with a varnish, in layers thick or thin, according as the shades are required, dark or pale. The whole is then coated with black lead, and is placed in voltaic connection, so as to receive a deposit of copper; this when removed, forms the plate, from which prints are taken. Some specimens from Professor Von Shobell
[?], of Munich, were shown, the result of an improvement of his, in retouching the plates. The etching of Daguerreotype plates were then explained, and some fine prints were exhibited in illustration. The liquid, acted on for this purpose, is muriatic acid. Electro-plating was next described, and experimentally illustrated by depositing a silver surface upon a medallion of copper.
The solution employed consisted of distilled water three quarters of a pint, cyanide of potassium one ounce, oxide of silver one-eight of an ounce. The plating was effected, so far as one coating of silver is concerned, in a space not greater than 30 seconds. A set of electro-plated German spoons and forks were shown as specimens of the effect of the process. They could not be distinguished , by near appearance, from silver. Replating was introduced by referring to a salver on the table which but a few weeks since, was buried with a mass of left off articles in an obscure stall in London, but now, by the mere operation of voltaic current, is fit to reappear, when it was wont to be seen. The lecturer stated that the difficulty of replating or plating, consists not so much in applying the coat of silver, as in preparing articles to receive it; this is affected by washing them well in alkali and afterwards in acids. The observations made with regard to plating, are equally applicable to gilding. In illustration, gold was deposited in the bowl of a salt-spoon. Having in course of the three lectures, dwelt so much upon the power of voltaic currents to decompose liquids, Mr.Walker
conceived it would not be altogether out of place and could not fail to interest, if he gave a brief account of the appearance of certain insects, the Acams Crossi, incident to such action.
From reports which we previously gave, our readers are already acquainted with the subject alluded to. On the present occasion , a sketch was given of the mode of arranging the bell-glass, &c., and an engraving was shown of a magnified insect. Considerable interest was evinced in this description; Mr.Walker
gave no opinion upon the strange phenomenon, but simply stated that these insects had appeared under circumstances, when it seemed scarcely possible that extraneous matter could have been present. In conclusion, the lecturer stated that if he had succeeded in expanding the minds of his hearers by any facts he had introduced, if he had opened new fields of amusement or instruction, or if he had ever succeeded in fixing their attention by making them forget for a while their cares at home, the time had not been mis-spent. He apologized for his zeal in the cause of electrotype, by saying that he did not wish to convey an impression that the main business of his life was electrotype; but that in his province of lecturer, he conceived that whatever is "worth doing is worth doing well," and that if a man were nothing higher than a mere crossing sweeper, it should be his aim to be the best sweeper in the town. The lecture was very well attended, and the audience separated, if we may judge by appearances, well satisfied with what they had heard. The plate of Windsor Castle is left with the secretary of the society, through whom impressions may be obtained.
On Monday evening a meeting of the members of the Institution took place in their new house in Sheet-street. G.Speare, Esq.
, was called to the chair, and Mr.Chamberlain
, in the absence of Mr.Potter
[?], the secretary, who was prevented from attending by severe domestic affliction, read the report, which among other topics, lamented the loss which attended the delivery of lectures, and suggested a material alteration in the expenditure of the funds. The report was received and adopted unanimously. Votes of thanks were then returned to the President, J.B.Sharpe
[?], Esq., and other individuals who had taken an interest in the welfare of the Institution. After a long and desultory conversation relative to their new home, the meeting was adjourned to that day fortnight. The number of members was stated to be upwards of 200.
During the night of the 17th inst., a lamb was stolen from the premises of G.D.Scott, Esq.
, of Lovell Hill, Winkfield. A reward has been offered for the apprehension of the thieves.
, of Guildford, had the honour to attend at Buckingham Palace on Tuesday last, for the purpose of submitting to her Majesty and his Royal Highness Prince Albert
, a novel branch of the fine arts, models in card board (in imitation of ivory), of the Royal Pavilion, Brighton, and St.George's Chapel, Windsor. His Royal Highness was pleased to express his great satisfaction with the correctness of this execution, and to purchase one of each.
Windsor Police - Monday
[Before John Clode, Esq. (Mayor), R.Blunt, Esq., and W.Legh, Esq.]
was charged with being drunk and disorderly, and resisting the police in the execution of their duty, between two and three o'clock on Sunday morning.
, who attended for the defendant, said his client admitted that he had taken a little too much liquor, but he totally denied ever having resisted the police. He thought he could show that the police had acted wrongly, and had assaulted the defendant by abusive epithets.
said he did not wish to press the charge of resisting the police.
charging the police with acting improperly, the magistrates ordered the case to be proceeded with.
, the policeman, then deposed, that shortly before three o'clock on Sunday morning he saw the defendant and a person named Wethered
, Charles-street, singing and knocking and kicking at the door. As the defendant refused to go away when desired, or to go home, he took him into custody. Mr.Wethered
cried out to the defendant to "give it him" (Grass
), but on Clarke
, another policeman, coming to Grass's
assistance he ran away. The resistance to the police by the defendant appeared chiefly to consist in his refusing, when near William-street, to go any farther.
was cross-examined by Mr.Voules
, with a view of allowing that he (Grass
) owed the defendant a grudge from some previous occurrence, and that he (Grass
) had used some very improper expressions towards the defendant. Grass
, however, denied having ever done so.
The defendant positively asserted that Grass
had done so, and that when in the station-house he had been abused by some other policeman, whom he did not know. Also, that one evening on Castle-hill he had been tauntingly pointed at by another policeman.
, however, denied doing anything of the kind.
The defendant was eventually merely fined 5s for being drunk, the bench not conceiving that the charge of resisting the police was sufficiently made out.
was desired by the bench, to caution his man against the use of provoking and improper language such as the defendant had described had been applied to him; which he promised he should do.
The defendant, on paying the fine, declared that the matter should not rest there.
was charged with being drunk and disorderly at a quarter past eleven o'clock on Sunday night, in Peascod-street.
, observing that the defendant had a black eye, asked Brown
, the policeman who took him into custody, how he got it ?
said he did not know, but he supposed in the scuffle.
It appeared the prisoner, whose present appearance before the magistrates was the seventh or eighth, for drunken and disorderly conduct, was creating a great disturbance while in a drunken state in Peascod-street. He refused to go home when desired, and was taken into custody , when he violently resisted and kicked at Brown
, who was obliged to get Sexton
, another policeman, to assist him in taking him to the station-house.
The magistrate fined the defendant 5s for being drunk, and as he had no money he was allowed a week to pay it, but told that the next time he was brought before them he would be sent to the Quarter Sessions, when the Recorder would commit him to the treadmill.
[Before John Clode, Esq. (Mayor), and R.Blunt, Esq.]
and Sarah Rothen
were charged with being found the previous night in a shed belonging to Mrs.Hand
, at the back of the barracks.
It appeared the prisoners had obtained an entrance into the shed by getting on the roof, removing some of the tiles, and letting themselves through the aperture thus made.
son stated that he did not wish to punish the girls, but he was desirous of preventing persons from going to the shed to sleep, as he was apprehensive from such females being so connected with the soldiers, that some night or other the place would be burnt. There was straw there, and if any soldier went in with a lighted pipe, it would be dangerous.
The prisoners stated they came from the neighbourhood of Egham, and as they were not known to the police, they were reprimanded, and ordered to be seen by the police out of Windsor, being cautioned that if they returned here again they would assuredly be sent to the treadmill.
, another nymph of the pave, was charged with being out after the hours allowed by the magistrates to this class of ladies - to wit, after 11 o'clock.
The prisoner appeared to be one of the "aristocratic" order of Windsor prostitutes, and presented outwardly a great contrast to the above two "unfortunate," but more humble one. Miss Cripps
was exceedingly ordinary in her features, but she made abundant reparation for what nature had done (or omitted to do) for her by an abundant display of finery. Her offence was this :- On the previous night, after 11 o'clock (having been previously warned) she was seen by the police knocking for admission to Hazlehurst's
beer-shop in Barrack-lane, where she usually lodged, but it was on this occasion. "You don't lodge here." The policeman then compassionately gave her a lodging at Mr.Gillman's
well known shop for disorderlies, and such like characters.
, in answer to questions by the magistrates, said she was not making any great noise, and she had not been in custody before.
, when called on for her defence, said she was aware that it was too late for her to be out, but she had been to visit some friends at Eton, and on her return home she could not get in.
She was discharged, on her promise not to be out at such a late hour again.
Eton Police - Wednesday
[Before the Rev.Thomas Carter, C.Clowes, Esq., and C.Tower, Esq.]
The bench were occupied to-day for some time in hearing summonses against persons who had neglected to pay their poor-rates.
The parties although poor were generally in work, but from some cause or another had neglected to pay their rates, one stating that his wife had been confined, and various other matters were urged to show a temporary pressure upon their small finances. Some of the rates were as low as 1s 6d, and none exceeded 2s, to which was to be added the expense of the summons which was 5s.
The magistrates explained to the parties the extreme folly they were guilty of in neglecting to pay such small sums, and thus incurring an additional expense of 5s each. The money must however be paid, but they would allow a fortnight's time for payment, and they advised the persons summoned to avoid such an expense in future.
Several other summonses, but not relating to poor rates, were to have been heard to-day, but the parties were not in attendance.
[Before the Rev.Thomas Carter]
was charged with stealing from the dwelling house of Thomas Stephenson
a beer-shop keeper, in the parish of Langley, a copper kettle and a copper warming pot.
It appeared from the evidence adduced that the prisoner and his father had been at the latter part of last month employed to work for the prosecutor, Mr.Stephenson
. On the 13th inst., the prosecutor for the first time missed the property in question. Having some grounds for suspicion against the prisoner, he communicated his loss to Thompson
, one of the metropolitan policemen stationed in that district, who then took the prisoner into custody. The prisoner then confessed to Thompson
that he had stolen the property and sold it to a person named Brown
, who was described as a general dealer at Colnbrook.
The prisoner was fully committed for trial at the next quarter sessions for the county.
was charged with feloniously breaking into the dwelling house of Edward Foster
who resides at Burnham.
The circumstances of this case are a little singular. It appeared that the wife of the prosecutor went to bed on the night of the 22d inst at her usual time, and that about eleven o'clock the prosecutor himself came home, when he sat for some time by himself in the kitchen without fire or candle. At about twelve o'clock, hearing a noise at the window, he was enabled by the light of the moon to see a man outside who appeared to be cutting the glass. The prosecutor moved to hide himself, and to watch the intruder's proceedings, but making a slight noise the man desisted in his attempt. After a pause and all appearing quiet again the man proceeded with the burglarious attempt, and at length got his arm through the window, on which the prosecutor, who recognised the prisoner's face, sprung forward and seized him by the arm, but by a violent pull, the prisoner extricated himself and escaped across the garden. The prosecutor gave information to Wilmer
, a special constable, who apprehended the prisoner on the following evening. On comparing the prisoner's shoes with the marks of feet in the garden, they exactly corresponded. It also appeared that the prisoner and some companion (for there were marks of the feet of two persons) had been to the prosecutor's tool-house, and stolen two rabbits, and axe and a bill, but no doubt these were carried off by his confederate while he went to force an entry into the dwelling house.
The prisoner was fully committed for trial.
Alleged Ill-treatment of a Family by the Windsor Union Authorities
The week before last the London papers gave a report of an inquest held before Mr.Wakley, M.P.
, coroner for Middlesex, on the body of a child named Charles Willis
, aged two years, who had died at the Kensington Workhouse, to which the child had been carried by its parent from Windsor Union House; upon which inquest the jury passed a severe censure upon the authorities of the Windsor Union. On this coming to the knowledge of the Board of Guardians of this Union, and also of the Commissioners at Somerset-house, an investigation was instantly set on foot personally by H.W.Parker, Esq.
, the Assistant Poor-law Commissioner, who made a report, which with the resolutions of the Board of Guardians, completely negatives the slightest mismanagement or misconduct in the Windsor Union House, and proves that the mother, her sister, and the child had every possible attention shown towards them while they were there. The following are copies of the resolutions of the Guardians and Mr.Parker's
"Resolved - That the report appears to this Board from the examination they have themselves made into the circumstances, to be in every respect, correct and impartial. Comparisons having been made between the treatment these parties received at the Workhouse of the Windsor Union, and that at the Kensington Union, the Guardians desire to state their belief that the quantity of food supplied to tramps at the Windsor Union, is greater by two ounces of bread each meal than the allowance at the Kensington Union. With respect to the beds being placed on a boarded platform, the Guardians beg to explain that the dirty habits of tramps in general, render it impossible that a different description of sleeping accommodation could be provided so as to secure cleanliness. The conduct of the Willis's
at the Windsor Workhouse was not such as to remove them from the general imputation of want of cleanliness in vagrants, they having grossly dirtied one of the blankets and placed it amongst other clean ones.
"The Guardians feel that the only ground of complaint (if such is one) that can be made against the Windsor Union is the want of a fire place in the room appropriated to tramps. It should be observed, however, that the tramp room is generally only occupied at night. When tramps are ill and unable to go on the next morning, they are usually placed in the Infirmary, but in the present case that course was not adopted from the fear of introducing the infection of measles.
"It has been remarked in some of the public papers that the master and matron were present at the enquiry before the Coroner, and did not contradict the statement made by the witnesses.
"The master states distinctly that when he proposed to contradict the statement of the women, he was told by the Coroner that he would he heard afterwards, that both he and the matron were sent out of the room when the nurse was being examined, and they were not again admitted until the Coroner was summing up the evidence to the jury, so that no opportunity was afforded them of contradicting the evidence of the women."
Copy of Mr.Parker's Report
"Poor Law Commissioners Office, Somerset-house, 16th March, 1842.
"Gentlemen, - I have the honour to inform you that in pursuance of the instructions contained in your letter, dated the 11th instant, I commenced, on the 12th instant, an investigation into the circumstances connected with the relief of Elizabeth Willis
, the child of Charles Willis
, and Jessie Willis
, in the Windsor Union Workhouse, and concluded the enquiry yesterday afternoon, having failed on Monday the 14th instant, and again this morning, to trace out the deceased child's mother and aunt.
"It appears by the depositions of the witnesses examined by me, that the woman Willis
, with the child, were admitted with a mendicant ticket to the Windsor workhouse about three o'clock in the afternoon of Thursday, the 24th of February. In reply to enquiries made of them, they gave the master of the workhouse the particulars entered into the mendicant's admission book, from which I have made the following extract:-
||Where slept last
|Feb.24th||1717||Willis, Jessie||20||New Windsor||Auld Kirk, Edinburgh||Windsor||Book - folders and sewers|
|Her child Charles||2|
"The statement that the child was ill with the measles appears to have met with prompt attention from the master and matron of the workhouse, who desired that the woman and child should be taken to the ward appropriated to female, taking care to prevent them from mixing with the other inmates of the workhouse, lest the infectious disease should be communicated to the others in the establishment; and attended to see the child washed and dressed in proper clean clothes, supplied from the workhouse stores. The child was in a very dirty and neglected state, and immediately after it was cleansed and dressed in the clothing provided, it was wrapped up in a blanket, placed in the bed which the matron, with the assistance of an inmate of the workhouse had expressly made up for the party, and supplied with gruel and toasted bread.
"The bed was composed of straw placed in a tick case, similar to the beds of the military in barracks, and the clothing consisted of a pair of sheets, four blankets, and two woollen coverlids or rugs.
"When the child had thus been attended to, the women were directed to cleanse themselves, and were left preparing to go to bed; the food supplied to them and the child at this time consisting of three slices of white bread toasted, and four pints of warm gruel.
"At supper time the matron carried them their suppers, which consisted of two 5-oz pieces, and one 4-oz piece of white bread, with butter, and two tins of tea sweetened with sugar, and in all respects similar to the tea supplied to the aged and infirm inmates of the workhouse; and, before bed-time, by the matron's directions, the female who is employed as an under nurse or ward's woman in the workhouse infirmary, attended upon the women, and provided them, at their own request, with a tin of water. A similar request was made on the following day, and also complied with.
"On the following day they were supplied for breakfast with two 6-oz pieces of brown bread, one 4-oz piece of white bread, a pint of boiled milk, and [……], for dinner, with twelve ounces of brown bread, four ounces of white bread and butter, and a pint of tea.
"On the Saturday morning they were supplied with twelve ounces of brown bread, four ounces of white bread, three pints of gruel, and either a pint of milk or a pint of tea, but most probably the latter, the woman who carried the breakfast having taken tea by mistake from the kitchen table. Thus, the quantity of food supplied to the two women and child in about forty two hours amounted to ninety-two ounces (or five pounds ten ounces) of bread, sixteen pints of gruel, four pints of tea, one pint of milk, and one pint of mutton broth, besides butter (probably about four ounces).
"The bedding and bed clothing provided were superior to what persons of the labouring class usually obtain, and quite equal to the furniture of the barracks in the neighbourhood. The bedstead somewhat resembles a ground bedstead, it is a platform raised about eighteen inches from the ground and extending from one side of the ward to the other; upon this platform there are placed three straw beds, with spaces of eighteen inches intervening; thus, when the occupants at the room leave their beds, they step upon the boards of the platform, and not upon the brick floor of the ward. The board of guardians have adopted this kind of bedstead with the view to cleanliness, experience having shown that bedsteads with sacking are difficult to cleanse, and harbour the vermin, with which mendicants are usually infested.
"With regard to the room itself, it appears to me to be in every way suited to the purpose to which it is applied. The walls are sound and well limewashed; the door is closely fitted and opens into a passage; the window is properly constructed and shuts close; the floor is well paved with the bricks commonly used for the same purpose in cottages of the peasantry; and the roof is of modern construction, composed of large slates laid upon battens, and effectually prevents the admission of the external air. To persons accustomed to a plaster ceiling, the appearance of the battens and slates may be unslightly; but with persons accustomed to visit the cottages of the poor, and the wretched lodging places to which meadicants resort, no such impression would arise. As this ward has hitherto been used as a dormitory, no fire-place or means of heating it has been provided, but the quantity of clothing allowed the inmates appears to be amply sufficient to ensure warmth. The report in the Times states that the women's shoes and stockings were wet at the time the women entered the workhouse, and were not dried. The attention of the officer, or of the inmates of the workhouse, does not appear to have been directed to the state of shoes and stockings, and no request was made to any one to dry them, although the linen supplied to the child was washed out on the Friday morning (25th) by the mother, and dried at her request in the laundry. The weather was dry when the woman and child were admitted, and no reason existed for the matron to suppose that their shoes and stockings required heat to dry them. It is the usual practice to dry the wet clothing of the tramps, by placing it over the stove in the laundry, and this would have been done in this instance had the women mentioned to the matron, or the infirmary ward's woman, that their shoes and stockings were wet.
"It appears that every thing was done for the child that experience and good sense could suggest. It was well cleansed with warm water, it was warmly clothed with clean and well aired articles suitable to the age and state of the child, it was wrapped up in a blanket, and placed in a bed made up with an unusual quantity of clothing, and it was supplied with food of a proper kind. On the following morning it was seen by Mr.Ridout
, the medical officer, who prescribed for it a powder mixed with white sugar; and Mr.Ridout
says "the baby was very emaciated, with the appearance of having been in a declining state for some months, there is an appearance of some eruptive disease having passed off, but in that stage it was impossible to say what it had been. The mother said it had gone in, but it was not like that. The appearance was that of having gone through the disease. I was told by the woman that the child had a cough. The woman said the child was two years old, and I told her that her milk at that advanced period must be injurious to the infant. I had no doubt the child had had inflammation of the lungs, and the cough was the remains of it. I should not say the child was consumptive, but rather suffering from atrophy consequent upon neglect and the injudicious treatment of the mother." The medical officer also observed that there was no impression on his mind that the child was in a dying state, and from it appearance he thought the woman might take it on their journey, if they used ordinary care and protected it from the weather. Whilst at the workhouse the child had all the nourishment that the medical man considered most beneficial, and therefore no specific directions were given by him on that head.
"The treatment of the child whilst it was in the workhouse appears to have been kind and considerate; every thing it required or could want was supplied for it; and the clothing furnished from the warehouse stores was given to its mother to be taken from the warehouse. The treatment at the workhouse could not have accelerated its death; but it occurs to me that subsequent neglect may have hastened its decease. Mr.Ridout
had told the mother "that her milk at that period must be injurious to the infant, and was of opinion that the child might be taken on the journey if ordinary care were used." The women left the Windsor workhouse professedly to go to Oxford, and were furnished with the information as to the places where they might procure rest and refreshment at easy distances; yet they travelled twenty-two miles in a contrary direction, without taking food, as it would appear from their statement to the master of the Kensington union workhouse, passing on this road the Staines and Brentford workhouses, where they could have applied for and obtained relief; the exposure of the child to the influence of the weather during the nine hours which this journey occupied; the change which took place during the afternoon, it having set in to rain before they reached the Kensington workhouse; and the neglect to give the child better food than the mother's milk, which Mr.Ridout
had pronounced to be injurious at that advanced period, are all circumstances which must have operated very injuriously upon the health of the child, and tended to accelerate its death.
"The food supplied to the infant in the Kensington union workhouse at the mother's request was gruel and bread, and no request was made for the medical officer's attendance there. The mendicant ward at the Kensington union workhouse is inferior in space and accommodation , although it has a fire-place and is boarded, to that of the Windsor union workhouse; and on the night these women and the child were placed in it, it was occupied by five adults and two children. With such a number of persons in it the atmosphere must have become tainted, and this, acting upon susceptible and diseased lungs, could not have been otherwise than prejudicial to the infant.
"I have thus adverted to the more prominent circumstances detailed in the accompanying evidence; but there is one part to which I wish to direct your attention. The report endeavours to create a prejudice against the management of the Windsor union, by characterizing the bread given to the tramps as 'brown bread' like rye bread, and similar expressions. The bread supplied to the tramps who enter the workhouse is purchased from the baker who supplies the troops in garrison at Windsor, and is stated by the baker to be of a quality superior to the bread supplied to the nobility and gentry under the name of 'digestive bread.' I have frequently partook of this bread at the workhouse, and have invariably found it as the baker describes it to be, 'good, wholesome, nutritious food.' - I have the honour to be, Gentlemen,
"Your most obedient servant,
"Assistant Poor Law Commissioner."
"To the Poor Law Commissioners, &c."
Egham, Saturday, March 26
During the last week a pig was stolen from the premises of the Misses Willis
, situate at Englefield-green. Very strong suspicion attaches to four individuals, as principal and receivers of the stolen animal, which id believed to have been killed and eaten near the place where the robbery was perpetrated, and it was in the first instance contemplated to apply for a warrent for the apprehension of the parties, but in the absence of sufficient proof it was determined otherwise, and it is feared that they will for ever escape punishment.
Chobham, Saturday, March 26.
A numerous and respectable meeting was held in the Vestry room of this parish on Friday last, to consider the expediency of approaching the balance of the Watch Rate remaining in the hands of the Inspectors for the purpose of a fire engine, as the parish engine was found to be wholly inefficient; the Rev.Jerram
, the Vicar in the Chair.
The Chairman stated, that in consequence of what passed at the last meeting of the inhabitants of the parish with reference to the re-election of inspectors, which was adjourned for twelve months, it was then suggested by him that whatever balance remained unappropriated should be paid over to the Overseers of the Poor to be applied in aid of the poor-rates. With that view the Vestry had been called, and from the incendiary fires and the inefficiency of the present fire-engine, it seemed to be the wish of the parish that a more powerful engine should be had, and that the balance should be appropriated to that purpose.
observed, that the first thing for consideration seemed to him to be whether the Inspectors could under the circumstances, legally pay over the balance to the Overseers. In his opinion the Vestry had nothing to do with it until the provisions of the act had been abandoned. By the 15th section of the Act it is enacted that the Act should continue in force for the purposes therein mentioned; and on the abandonment and ceasing to act upon the provisions thereof, that the balance should be paid over to the Overseers. It could not be said that the provisions of the Act had been fully abandoned, inasmuch as the meeting had only been adjourned for twelve months: besides, the Act required a meeting to fix a day when the provisions of the Act should cease to be acted upon. In order, however, to accommodate the parish with another engine, and get rid of the difficulty, he would recommend that the persons who had offered to contribute their proportion of 100 guineas for the apprehension of the incendiary or incendiaries of the late fire should pay the sums affixed to their names into the hands of the Chairman, which money should after a given time, if the indendiaries were not discovered, be laid out in the purchase of another engine.
The Chairman in reply observed, that if the doubt which existed could be removed after a legal opinion should be taken on the subject, he wished to ascertain whether the Vestry would be agreeable that the balance should be applied for the purpose of having a new engine ?
stated, that in his opinion a fire-engine was quite unnecessary, unless water-pipes were first laid down to supply the engine. In many parts of this extensive parish there were places where water could not be easily obtained. In fact, premises would be burnt, on account of distance in many instances. He would advise every person to insure his property from the small sum required, as the only safeguard against such a calamity.
The Vestry, however, decided, with one dissentient voice, to appropriate the balance in the purchase of a fire-engine, provided it could be so legally applied.
, one of the Guardians of the Poor, then submitted to the meeting a list of names of upwards of seventy poor cottagers who were unable to pay their poor and highway rates, which it was finally decided should not be enforced on account of the expense and difficulty in compelling then to attend the Board at Chertsey, distant at least six miles from the village.
said, he would take the opportunity of asking the Guardians why so many able-bodied labourers had been lately seen begging for employment and food to support their starving families ? It was a lamentable state of things. He understood that the bone-grinding system had in a great degree been suspended, and as a substitute the paupers, who are designated as the Lumber Troop, were compelled to go a distance of about three miles from the Union Workhouse and return twice a day to that place for the purpose of carrying pieces of fir-poles. It did appear to him quite as ridiculous and unprofitable as grinding bones, and he suggested whether they could not be more profitably employed if the labour rate was adopted or a well organised system of home colonization be arranged for the employment of the poor on the waste land of the parish. The latter he was convinced would put them above the reach of poverty.
After some unsatisfactory desultory conversation, and the inconvenience arising from the delay in the receipt of letters by post, from the circuitous mode of conveyance, and other matters, thanks were voted to the worthy Chairman, and the Vestry broke up.
Great Marlow Election Committee
The chairman announced the decision of the committee on the objection made by Sergeant Wrangham
, "that counsel for the sitting member be called upon to proceed with their objection to the vote of Joseph Harper
The witnesses against the vote stated that they had examined the premises, and considered the house to be worth £3 10s, and the land attached £2 10s per annum, making the value of the entire £6 per annum.
To sustain the vote, two witnesses were produced, one of whom valued the house, including the right of commonage, and the land at £10 10s.
The other valued the house, exclusively of the right of commonage, at £7 10s and the land at £3 per annum.
contended that the witnesses produced to impugn the vote should, in making their valuation, have considered the right of commonage and other circumstances calculated to enhance the value of the premises.
submitted that the right of commonage was merely brought in to help to make the qualification. There was no evidence of the exercise of the right; there was no evidence of its being a common. The witnesses described it as a piece of waste land, lying along the side of the road. He maintained that the voter had merely a permissive occupation, and that the lord of the manor, or the owner of the adjoining property, might at any time inclose it.
The room was then cleared. On re-admission the chairman announced that the committee had decided "That the vote of Joseph Harper
is a bad vote," - Struck off.
The majority against the sitting member being thus reduced,
objected to the vote of Michael Redmond
, and called William Francis
, who proved that he signed a notice of objection to Redmond's
vote, and was proceeding to state that he appeared before the revising barrister to restate his objection, when Sergeant Merewether
objected to any evidence as to what occurred in the revising barrister's court, until it had been proved that the list described in the....
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