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Descendants of Ramnulf* MANZER II, Count of Poitiers

Generations 13 - 20

Generation No. 13

55.  BLANCHE* OF13 CASTILE (ALPHONSO*12VIII, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON, SANCHO*11III, KING OF CASTILE, ALPHANSO*10VII, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON, URRACA9 JIMENO, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LOEN, CONSTANCE8 CAPET, ROBERT7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1188, and died 1252.  She married LOUIS* CAPETVIII, KING OF FRANCE 23 May 1200, son of PHILIP* CAPET and ISABEL* HAINAULT.  He was born 05 Sep 1187, and died 08 Nov 1226 in Montpensier, Auvergne, France of Natural Causes.

Notes for BLANCHE* OF CASTILE:
Blanche of Castile (daughter of Alphonso VIII of Castile)
 

Notes for LOUIS* CAPET VIII, KING OF FRANCE:
Louis VIII, King of France
 

Marriage Notes for BLANCHE* CASTILE and LOUIS* CAPET:
     At age 13, Louis married Blanche of Castile, she was age 12.

Children are listed above under (48) Louis* CAPETVIII, King of France.

56.  BERENGARIA* OF13 CASTILE, OUEEN OF CASTILE (ALPHONSO*12VIII, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON, SANCHO*11III, KING OF CASTILE, ALPHANSO*10VII, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON, URRACA9 JIMENO, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LOEN, CONSTANCE8 CAPET, ROBERT7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1181, and died 1246 in Unknown place of Natural causes.  She married ALPHONSO* FERNANDEZ IX KING OF LEON 1198, son of FERNANDO* LEON and URRACA* LEON.

Child of BERENGARIA* CASTILE and ALPHONSO* LEON is:
 i. FERNANDO*14III, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON, b. 05 Sep 1201; d. 30 May 1252.
 

57.  THEOBOLD*13 DE BLOISI, KING OF NAVARRE (THEOBALD*12, HENRY*11, THEOBALD*10, ADELA*9 CURTHOS, "COUNTESS OF BLOIS", MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 30 May 1201 in Troyes, Champagne, France, and died 07 Jul 1253 in Of natural causes in Pamplona, Spain.  He married MARGARET* DE FOIX.

Notes for THEOBOLD* DE BLOISI, KING OF NAVARRE:
Theobald I, King of Navarre (Theobald IV of Champagne)
 

Child of THEOBOLD* DE BLOIS and MARGARET* DE FOIX is:
68. i. HENRY*14 DE BLOIS, HENRY I, KING OF NAVARRE, b. Abt. 1210; d. 1274.
 

58.  JAMES*13I, KING OF ARAGON (PETER*12II, KING OF ARAGON, SANCHA* OF CASTILE AND11 LEON, ALPHANSO*10VII, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON, URRACA9 JIMENO, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LOEN, CONSTANCE8 CAPET, ROBERT7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 02 Feb 1208 in Montpelier, Toulouse, France, and died 27 Jul 1276 in of Natural Causes at Valencia, Spain.  He married IOLANDE* ARPAD OF HUNGARY 1235.  She was born 1215 in Unknown, and died 1251 in Unknown.

Marriage Notes for JAMES* and IOLANDE* HUNGARY:
At age 27, James married Iolande of Hungary, she was age 20

Child of JAMES* and IOLANDE* HUNGARY is:
69. i. ISABELLA* OF14 ARAGON, COUNTESS VON HOHENSTEIN, b. 1243; d. 1271.
 

59.  EDWARD*13 PLANTAGENET, III OF KING OF ENGLAND (ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 13 Nov 1312 in Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, and died 21 Jun 1377 in of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England.  He married (1) ALICE PERRERS (MISTRESS).    He married (2) PHILIPPA* OF HAINAULT 24 Jan 1328 in York Minster, daughter of WILLIAM* and JOAN* VALIOS.  She was born 1311, and died 14 Aug 1369 in of a 'dropsical malady' at Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England.

Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET, III OF KING OF ENGLAND:
Count of Ponthieu
Duke of Aquitaine
King of England

     The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 30 says: That Edward ruled for 50 years, a reign dominated by the 100 Years' War with France. Edward's principal aim was to unite the mobility into a cohesive class of public servants motivated by chivalry and enhanced by the wealth he enabled them with. He attempted to tie them to his crown by marrying them to his relatives. Edward was tall and handsome with gold-red hair, flamboyant, affable and generous to a fault. He excelled in the knightly arts and was very fond of, even loving the art of hunting and falconry.  He was very much loved by his peoples.

      A few days after his birth he was titled the Earl of Chester by his father, but for some reason, he was not titled the Prince of Wales. He was proclaimed Keeper of the Realm on 2 October 26, 1326, and king on January 25, 1327 and his coronation took place on February 2, 1327.
     Edward's preoccupied claim to the French throne began the Hundred Years War with France. He assumed the title of King of France in 1340, claiming the crown through his mother as heir of her brother Charles IV, who died in 1328. In 1349 England was ravaged by the Black Death, an outbreak of Bubonic plague, which is said to have halved the population and greatly undermined the military strength. Edward's reign saw many changes in the governmental workings; the division of Parliament into two houses, the creation of the office of Justice of the Peace, and the replacing of French by English in the law courts, and in 1348 the Order of the Garter was established which was destined to become one of the most prestigious orders of chivalry in Europe.
 

Notes for PHILIPPA* OF HAINAULT:
     Philippa was plump and homely and endowed with a kindly nature that rendered her popular with her subjects and enabled her to exert a restraining influence on her husband and eldest son when their tempers got the better of them. She is perhaps best known for the episode in which she pleaded successfully for the lives of the six berghers of Calais who surrendered that town to Edward III.

Marriage Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and PHILIPPA* HAINAULT:
     In this instance, the groom was younger than the bride. At age 14 Edward married Philippa of Hainault, she was age 15. Philippa was Edward's senior by about a year and five months and had first been considered as a possible bride when she was eight and he seven. They had met when Edward and his mother were quests at the court of Hainault in 1326 and a papal dispensation for the marriage was obtained from Avignon in September 1327. It was an excellent match and in the course of twenty five years was to produce thirteen children with the last child Thomas being born in January 1355 when Philippa was 43 years, 6 months and 14 days old. This age is the third oldest royal childbirth record in history.

Children of EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and PHILIPPA* HAINAULT are:
70. i. JOHN*14 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, b. 24 Jun 1340, Ghent, Flanders, Belgium; d. 03 Feb 1399, Leicaster Castle, Leicastershire, England.
71. ii. EDWARD PLANTAGENET, THE BLACK PRINCE, b. 1330; d. Jun 1376.
 iii. WILLIAM PLANTAGENET.
72. iv. LIONEL PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF CLARENCE, b. 1338; d. 1368.
73. v. EDMUND PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF YORK, b. 1341; d. 1402.
 vi. THOMAS PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF GLOUCESTER.
 

60.  PHILIPPA* OF13 HAINAULT (JOAN*12 VALIOS, (SISTER OF PHILIP VI, OF FRANCE), CHARLES*11 CAPET, COUNT OF VALOIS, PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1311, and died 14 Aug 1369 in of a 'dropsical malady' at Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England.  She married EDWARD* PLANTAGENET, III OF KING OF ENGLAND 24 Jan 1328 in York Minster, son of EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and ISABELLA* FRANCE.  He was born 13 Nov 1312 in Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, and died 21 Jun 1377 in of a stroke at Sheen Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England.

Notes for PHILIPPA* OF HAINAULT:
     Philippa was plump and homely and endowed with a kindly nature that rendered her popular with her subjects and enabled her to exert a restraining influence on her husband and eldest son when their tempers got the better of them. She is perhaps best known for the episode in which she pleaded successfully for the lives of the six berghers of Calais who surrendered that town to Edward III.

Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET, III OF KING OF ENGLAND:
Count of Ponthieu
Duke of Aquitaine
King of England

     The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 30 says: That Edward ruled for 50 years, a reign dominated by the 100 Years' War with France. Edward's principal aim was to unite the mobility into a cohesive class of public servants motivated by chivalry and enhanced by the wealth he enabled them with. He attempted to tie them to his crown by marrying them to his relatives. Edward was tall and handsome with gold-red hair, flamboyant, affable and generous to a fault. He excelled in the knightly arts and was very fond of, even loving the art of hunting and falconry.  He was very much loved by his peoples.

      A few days after his birth he was titled the Earl of Chester by his father, but for some reason, he was not titled the Prince of Wales. He was proclaimed Keeper of the Realm on 2 October 26, 1326, and king on January 25, 1327 and his coronation took place on February 2, 1327.
     Edward's preoccupied claim to the French throne began the Hundred Years War with France. He assumed the title of King of France in 1340, claiming the crown through his mother as heir of her brother Charles IV, who died in 1328. In 1349 England was ravaged by the Black Death, an outbreak of Bubonic plague, which is said to have halved the population and greatly undermined the military strength. Edward's reign saw many changes in the governmental workings; the division of Parliament into two houses, the creation of the office of Justice of the Peace, and the replacing of French by English in the law courts, and in 1348 the Order of the Garter was established which was destined to become one of the most prestigious orders of chivalry in Europe.
 

Marriage Notes for PHILIPPA* HAINAULT and EDWARD* PLANTAGENET:
     In this instance, the groom was younger than the bride. At age 14 Edward married Philippa of Hainault, she was age 15. Philippa was Edward's senior by about a year and five months and had first been considered as a possible bride when she was eight and he seven. They had met when Edward and his mother were quests at the court of Hainault in 1326 and a papal dispensation for the marriage was obtained from Avignon in September 1327. It was an excellent match and in the course of twenty five years was to produce thirteen children with the last child Thomas being born in January 1355 when Philippa was 43 years, 6 months and 14 days old. This age is the third oldest royal childbirth record in history.

Children are listed above under (59) Edward* PLANTAGENET, III of King of England.

61.  JEAN II OF FRANCE (THE13 GOOD) (PHILIPPE12VI, KING OF FRANCE, CHARLES*11 CAPET, COUNT OF VALOIS, PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 1364 in In London as a captive.

Child of JEAN II OF FRANCE (THE GOOD) is:
 i. CHARLES V KING OF14 FRANCE.
 

62.  MARGARET*13 PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF NORFOLK (THOMAS*12, MARGUERITE*11 CAPET, OF FRANCE AND CANTERBURY, PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1320 in Unknown, and died 24 Mar 1400 in of natural  causes at an unknown place.  She married JOHN* DE SEGRAVE, 3RD BARON SEGRAVE Aft. 03 Mar 1327, son of STEPHEN* BARON and ALICE* ARUNDEL.  He died 20 Mar 1353 in of natural  causes at an unknown place.

Marriage Notes for MARGARET* PLANTAGENET and JOHN* DE SEGRAVE:
       At age 7, Margaret married John Segrave, 3rd Baron Segrave

Children of MARGARET* PLANTAGENET and JOHN* DE SEGRAVE are:
74. i. ELIZABETH*14 DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK, d. 1399.
 ii. ANNE SEGRAVE.
 

63.  JOAN MAID OF13 KENT (EDMUND12 PLANTAGENET, EARL OF KENT, MARGUERITE*11 CAPET, OF FRANCE AND CANTERBURY, PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1328, and died 1385.  She married EDWARD PLANTAGENET, THE BLACK PRINCE, son of EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and PHILIPPA* HAINAULT.  He was born 1330, and died Jun 1376.

Notes for EDWARD PLANTAGENET, THE BLACK PRINCE:
     AKA: The Black Prince

Child of JOAN KENT and EDWARD PLANTAGENET is:
 i. RICHARD14 PLANTAGENET, II KING OF ENGLAND, b. 06 Jan 1367, Bordeaux, Gascony, France; d. 14 Feb 1400, Ponterfract Castle; m. (1) ANNE OF BOHEMIA, 22 Jan 1382, Westminster Abbey, London, England; b. 1366; d. 1394; m. (2) ISABELLA OF FRANCE, 04 Nov 1396; b. 1389; d. 1409.

Notes for RICHARD PLANTAGENET, II KING OF ENGLAND:
     The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 31 that: Richard came to the throne as a 10 year old child and his advisers ruled the country until 1389 when Richard himself took the control. At first he ruled well, presiding over a period of prosperity, but after the death of his wife Anne his behavior changed and in 1399 he was forced to abdicate the throne.
 

64.  ROBERT*13 CAPETI, COUNT OF ARTOIS (LOUIS*12, PHILIP* AUGUSTUS11, LOUIS*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Sep 1216, and died 09 Feb 1250.  He married MAHAUT* LOUVAIN, daughter of HENRY* LOUVAINII, DUKE OF BRABANT.

Notes for ROBERT* CAPETI, COUNT OF ARTOIS:
Title(s): Earl of Chester
Prince of Wales
Duke of Celle
Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg
Elector of Hanover
King of Great Britain
King of Hanover

Children of ROBERT* CAPET and MAHAUT* LOUVAIN are:
75. i. BLANCHE*14 CAPET, OF NAVARRE, b. Abt. 1247; d. 02 May 1302, of Natural Causes at an Unknown place.
76. ii. ROBERTII, COUNT OF ARTOIS, b. Aft. Aug 1250; d. 11 Jul 1302.
 

65.  HENRY*13 PLANTAGENET, III KING OF ENGLAND (JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 01 Oct 1207 in Winchester Castle, Hampshire, England, and died 16 Nov 1272 in Westminster, London, England.  He married ELEANOR* OF PROVENCE 04 Jan 1236 in Canterbury Cathedral, daughter of RAYMOND* BERENGAR and DAUGHTER* THOMAS.  She was born 1223, and died 25 Jun 1291 in Amesbury, Wiltshire, England.

Notes for HENRY* PLANTAGENET, III KING OF ENGLAND:
     Henry III,  (b. Oct. 1, 1207, Winchester, Hampshire, Eng.--d. Nov. 16, 1272, London), king of England from 1216 to 1272. In the 24 years (1234-58) during which he had effective control of the government, he displayed such indifference to tradition that the barons finally forced him to agree to a series of major reforms, the Provisions of Oxford (1258).
The elder son and heir of King John (ruled 1199-1216), Henry was nine years old when his father died. At that time London and much of eastern England were in the hands of rebel barons led by Prince Louis (later King Louis VIII of France), son of the French king Philip II Augustus. A council of regency presided over by the venerable William Marshal, 1st earl of Pembroke, was formed to rule for Henry; by 1217 the rebels had been defeated and Louis forced to withdraw from England. After Pembroke's death in 1219 Hubert de Burgh ran the government until he was dismissed by Henry in 1232. Two ambitious Frenchmen, Peter des Roches and Peter des Rivaux, then dominated Henry's regime until the barons brought about their expulsion in 1234. That event marked the beginning of Henry's personal rule.

     Although Henry was charitable and cultured, he lacked the ability to rule effectively. In diplomatic and military affairs he proved to be arrogant yet cowardly, ambitious yet impractical. The breach between the King and his barons began as early as 1237, when the barons expressed outrage at the influence exercised over the government by Henry's Savoyard relatives. The marriage arranged (1238) by Henry between his sister, Eleanor, and his brilliant young French favorite, Simon de Montfort, earl of Leicester, increased foreign influence and further aroused the nobility's hostility. In 1242 Henry's Lusignan half brothers involved him in a costly and disastrous military venture in France. The barons then began to demand a voice in selecting Henry's counsellors, but the King repeatedly rejected their proposal. Finally, in 1254 Henry made a serious blunder. He concluded an agreement with Pope Innocent IV (pope 1243-54), offering to finance papal wars in Sicily if the Pope would grant his infant son, Edmund, the Sicilian crown. Four years later Pope Alexander IV (pope 1254-61) threatened to excommunicate Henry for failing to meet this financial obligation. Henry appealed to the barons for funds, but they agreed to cooperate only if he would accept far-reaching reforms. These measures, the Provisions of Oxford, provided for the creation of a 15-member privy council, selected (indirectly) by the barons, to advise the King and oversee the entire administration. The barons, however, soon quarrelled among themselves, and Henry seized the opportunity to renounce the Provisions (1261). In April 1264 Montfort, who had emerged as Henry's major baronial opponent, raised a rebellion; the following month he defeated and captured the King and his eldest son, Edward, at the Battle of Lewes (May 14, 1264), Sussex. Montfort ruled England in Henry's name until he was defeated and killed by Edward at the Battle of Evesham, Worcestershire, in August 1265. Henry, weak and senile, then allowed Edward to take charge of the government. After the King's death, Edward ascended the throne as King Edward I.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica King Henry III

Title(s): Marquess of Dorset
Marquess of Somerset

     The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 26 says; During Henry's minority, England was ruled wisely by two regents. However, when he took control in 1227, years of misrule began and Simon de Montfort summoned the first English parliament but was killed at the Battle of Exesham, thereby Henry resumed control and continued to rule until his death. He was an unpopular monarch and had few of the personal qualities required to command respect. Un marital, untrustworthy, childishly fickle and prone to petulance and irritable, he alienated enemies and advisors alike.

     Henry was living in Gloucester with his mother, brother and three sisters when his father's death brought him to the throne at age 9. With the greater part of eastern England being in the hands of rebel barons, Henry was crowned in Gloucester Cathedral on 28 Oct. 1216. Since the family remained at Westminster and John's personal crown had been lost in the wash, the young king's crown was a golden bracelet belonging to his mother. After the lands were gained back, Henry was re-crowned with full ceremony at Westminster Abbey on May 17th 1220. Although he had been formally declared of age in 1223, his personal reign did not begin until 1227. Henry was a weak, indecisive king and tended to be easily led by others. His taxation bordered on extortion and his disastrous foreign policy, and the appointment of his half-brothers and his wife's family to high places and further civil war with the barons. Henry and his son Edward were defeated and captured at Lewis in 1264 which forced Henry to summon Parliament. Peace was concluded but Henry was stripped of his power but was able to remain King. All power passed to his son Edward and his brother Richard of Cornwall, both stronger in character. Henry was greatly stricken by the death of his beloved brother Richard in April of 1272, and soon thereafter, began showing signs of senility. And after one of the longest reigns in English history, he died at the age of 65 having reigned for 56 years. He was buried in Westminster Abbey, London, England, with his heart being sent to Fontevrault, France.

Notes for ELEANOR* OF PROVENCE:
Eleanor of Provence, French ÉLÉONORE DE PROVENCE (b. 1223--d. June 25, 1291, Amesbury, Wiltshire, Eng.), queen consort of King Henry III of England (ruled 1216-72); her widespread unpopularity intensified the severe conflicts between the King and his barons.
Eleanor's father was Raymond Berengar IV, count of Provence, and her mother was the daughter of Thomas I, count of Savoy. The marriage of Eleanor and Henry (January 1236) was designed to further the King's continental ambitions. Eleanor soon alienated the barons by having her Savoyard and Provençal uncles installed in high offices in England.

After rebel barons captured Henry and took over the government in May 1264, Eleanor became the leader of the royalist exiles in France. She raised an invasion force, but her fleet was wrecked at Sluis, Flanders. Nevertheless, the rebels were crushed in August 1265, and Eleanor then returned to England. Upon the death of Henry and the accession of her son Edward I, she retired to a nunnery at Amesbury, where she took the veil after obtaining the Pope's permission to retain her dower. She died there on June 24th, 1291 and is buried in the convent church. Her heart is buried in the church of the Friers Minor in London.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica

Marriage Notes for HENRY* PLANTAGENET and ELEANOR* PROVENCE:
     At age 28 years, 3 months, 14 days, Henry married Eleanor of Provence, who was age 13-14. Eleanor was a woman of great beauty and a faithful and devoted wife to Henry who was equally faithful. She rendered herself unpopular with the people because of her extravagance and her procurement of great offices for her maternal uncles, Peter and Boniface of Savoy. Boniface later became Archbishop of Canterbury. This marriage produced six sons, (of whom only two survived infancy) and three daughters (of whom only two survived). This marriage lasted for thirty-six years, 10 months. Her first child, the future Edward I, was born when she was 16 years old, and Henry was nearly thirty two.

Children of HENRY* PLANTAGENET and ELEANOR* PROVENCE are:
77. i. EDWARD*14 PLANTAGENET, I KING OF ENGLAND, b. 17 Jun 1239, Palace of Westminster, Middlesex, England; d. 07 Jul 1307, Burgh-on-Sands, near Carlisle, Cumberland (Cumbria),  England.
 ii. BEATRICE PLANTAGENET, b. 1242.
78. iii. EDMUND* PLANTAGENET, 1ST EARL OF LANCASTER, b. 16 Jan 1246, London, England; d. 05 Jun 1296, of natural  causes in Bayonne, Gascony, France.
 iv. MARGARET PLANTAGENET, QUEEN OF SCOTLAND, m. ALEXANDERIII, KING OF SCOTLAND.
 

66.  ELEANOR13 PLANTAGENET (JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1215 in Gloucester, Gloucestershire, England, and died 13 Apr 1275 in Montargis, France.  She married (1) WILLIAM MARSHALL, 2ND EARL OF PEMBROKE 23 Apr 1224.  He was born Abt. 1190, and died 24 Apr 1231.  She married (2) SIMON MONTFORT, EARL OF LEICESTER 07 Jan 1239.  He died 1265.

Notes for WILLIAM MARSHALL, 2ND EARL OF PEMBROKE:
     Title(s): Holy Roman Emperor
 

Marriage Notes for ELEANOR PLANTAGENET and WILLIAM MARSHALL:
     At age 9, Eleanor married William Marshall, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, who was age 34.

Marriage Notes for ELEANOR PLANTAGENET and SIMON MONTFORT:
     At age 31, Simon married Eleanor Plantagenet, who was age 24.

Children of ELEANOR PLANTAGENET and SIMON MONTFORT are:
79. i. ELEANOR14 MONTFORT.
 ii. HENRY MONTFORT.
 

67.  HENRY*13 PERCY (AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married ISABEL* BRUCE, daughter of ADAM* BRUCE, LORD OF SKELTON.

Notes for HENRY* PERCY:
Henry Percy (great-grandfather of Henry, 1st Baron Percy)
 

Notes for ISABEL* BRUCE:
Isabel Bruce (daughter of Adam, Lord of Skelton)
 

Child of HENRY* PERCY and ISABEL* BRUCE is:
80. i. WILLIAM*14 PERCY, d. 1245.
 

Generation No. 14

68.  HENRY*14 DE BLOIS, HENRY I, KING OF NAVARRE (THEOBOLD*13, THEOBALD*12, HENRY*11, THEOBALD*10, ADELA*9 CURTHOS, "COUNTESS OF BLOIS", MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1210, and died 1274.  He married BLANCHE* CAPET, OF NAVARRE, daughter of ROBERT* CAPET and MAHAUT* LOUVAIN.  She was born Abt. 1247, and died 02 May 1302 in of Natural Causes at an Unknown place.

Notes for HENRY* DE BLOIS, HENRY I, KING OF NAVARRE:
Henry I, King of Navarre (Henry III of Champagne)

Earl of Chester
Prince of Wales
Duke of Celle
Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg
Elector of Hanover
King of Great Britain
King of Hanover

Notes for BLANCHE* CAPET, OF NAVARRE:
Blanche Capet (daughter of Robert I, Count of Artois)
 

Child of HENRY* DE BLOIS and BLANCHE* CAPET is:
81. i. JOAN*15 DE BLOIS, I QUEEN OF NAVARRE, b. 14 Jan 1273, Bar-sur-Seine, France; d. 02 Apr 1305, OF Unknown AT Vincennes, Paris, France.
 

69.  ISABELLA* OF14 ARAGON, COUNTESS VON HOHENSTEIN (JAMES*13I, KING OF ARAGON, PETER*12II, KING OF ARAGON, SANCHA* OF CASTILE AND11 LEON, ALPHANSO*10VII, KING OF CASTILE AND LEON, URRACA9 JIMENO, QUEEN OF CASTILE AND LOEN, CONSTANCE8 CAPET, ROBERT7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1243, and died 1271.  She married (1) CHARLES* CAPET, COUNT OF VALOIS 1262, son of PHILIPPE* CAPET and ISABELLA* ARAGON.  He was born 1270 in France, and died 1325.  She married (2) PHILIPPE* CAPETIII, KING OF FRANCE 1262, son of LOUIS* CAPETVI, KING OF FRANCE.  He was born 03 Apr 1245 in Poissy, France, and died 05 Oct 1285 in of Natural Causes at Perpignan, France.

Notes for ISABELLA* OF ARAGON, COUNTESS VON HOHENSTEIN:
Isabel of Aragon (daughter of James I, King of Aragon)

Title(s): Countess von Hohenstein  Countess von Hohenstein (1835 cr)

Notes for CHARLES* CAPET, COUNT OF VALOIS:
Charles Capet, Count of Valois (son of Philip III of France)
 

Marriage Notes for ISABELLA* ARAGON and CHARLES* CAPET:
At age 19 she married Philip III, King of France, he was age 17
 

Marriage Notes for ISABELLA* ARAGON and PHILIPPE* CAPET:
At age 17 Philip married Isabel of Aragon, she was age 19

Children are listed above under (31) Charles* CAPET, Count of Valois.

Children are listed above under (21) Philippe* CAPETIII, King of France.

70.  JOHN*14 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER (EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 24 Jun 1340 in Ghent, Flanders, Belgium, and died 03 Feb 1399 in Leicaster Castle, Leicastershire, England.  He married (1) CONSTANCE OF CASTILE.    He married (2) BLANCHE OF LANCASTER.    He married (3) KATHERINE* ROUET 13 Jan 1397, daughter of PAYNE* ROUET and UNKNOWN* (ROUET).  She was born Abt. 1350, and died 10 May 1403 in of Natural Causes at Lincoln, Lincolnshire, England.

Notes for KATHERINE* ROUET:
     Katherine Rouet (K. Swynford, 3rd wife of John of Gaunt)
 

Marriage Notes for JOHN* PLANTAGENET and KATHERINE* ROUET:
       Catherine was John's third wife. At age 57 John married Katherine Rouet, she was age 47.

Children of JOHN* PLANTAGENET and CONSTANCE CASTILE are:
 i. JOHN15 PLANTAGENET.
 ii. KATHERINE PLANTAGENET.
 

Children of JOHN* PLANTAGENET and BLANCHE LANCASTER are:
82. iii. HENRY IV15 PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND, b. 04 Apr 1366, Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England; d. 1413, Jerusalm Chamber, Westminster Abbey, London, England.
 iv. EDWARD PLANTAGENET.
 v. ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET.
 vi. ISABEL PLANTAGENET.
 vii. PHILIPPA PLANTAGENET.
 

Children of JOHN* PLANTAGENET and KATHERINE* ROUET are:
83. viii. JOAN*15 BEAUFORT, b. Abt. 1379, Beaufort Castle, Anjou, France; d. 13 Nov 1440, of Natural Causes at Howden, Humberside, England.
84. ix. EDMUND PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF YORK.
 x. THOMAS PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF GLOUCESTER.
 xi. HENRY BEAUFORT.
85. xii. JOHN BEAUFORT, EARL OF SOMERSET, b. Abt. 1372; d. 1410.
 

71.  EDWARD14 PLANTAGENET, THE BLACK PRINCE (EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1330, and died Jun 1376.  He married JOAN MAID OF KENT, daughter of EDMUND PLANTAGENET, EARL OF KENT.  She was born 1328, and died 1385.

Notes for EDWARD PLANTAGENET, THE BLACK PRINCE:
     AKA: The Black Prince

Child is listed above under (63) Joan Maid of Kent.

72.  LIONEL14 PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF CLARENCE (EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1338, and died 1368.  He married ELIZABETH DE BURGH.

Child of LIONEL PLANTAGENET and ELIZABETH DE BURGH is:
86. i. PHILIPPA15 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, b. 1355; d. 1378.
 

73.  EDMUND14 PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF YORK (EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1341, and died 1402.  He married ISABELLA OF CASTILE.

Child of EDMUND PLANTAGENET and ISABELLA CASTILE is:
87. i. RICHARD15 PLANTAGENET, EARL OF CAMBRIDGE, b. 1376; d. 1415.
 

74.  ELIZABETH*14 DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK (MARGARET*13 PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF NORFOLK, THOMAS*12, MARGUERITE*11 CAPET, OF FRANCE AND CANTERBURY, PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 1399.  She married SIR-JOHN* DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY 1353, son of JOHN* MOWBRAY and JOAN* PLANTAGENET.  He was born Abt. 1328, and died 09 Oct 1368 in Killed in Battle near Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey.

Notes for SIR-JOHN* DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY:
John Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray

Title(s): Duke of St. Andrews (1789 cr)
King of Great Britain (1830 - 1837)

Marriage Notes for ELIZABETH* DE SEGRAVE and SIR-JOHN* DE MOWBRAY:
At age 25, John married Elizabeth Segrave

Child of ELIZABETH* DE SEGRAVE and SIR-JOHN* DE MOWBRAY is:
88. i. SIR-THOMAS*15 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, b. Abt. 1362; d. 22 Sep 1399, Venice, Italy.
 

75.  BLANCHE*14 CAPET, OF NAVARRE (ROBERT*13, LOUIS*12, PHILIP* AUGUSTUS11, LOUIS*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1247, and died 02 May 1302 in of Natural Causes at an Unknown place.  She married (1) EDMUND* PLANTAGENET, 1ST EARL OF LANCASTER, son of HENRY* PLANTAGENET and ELEANOR* PROVENCE.  He was born 16 Jan 1246 in London, England, and died 05 Jun 1296 in of natural  causes in Bayonne, Gascony, France.  She married (2) HENRY* DE BLOIS, HENRY I, KING OF NAVARRE, son of THEOBOLD* DE BLOIS and MARGARET* DE FOIX.  He was born Abt. 1210, and died 1274.

Notes for BLANCHE* CAPET, OF NAVARRE:
Blanche Capet (daughter of Robert I, Count of Artois)
 

Notes for EDMUND* PLANTAGENET, 1ST EARL OF LANCASTER:
Edmund Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Lancaster (Crouchback)
Title(s): Marquess of Somerset (1398 cr)

Notes for HENRY* DE BLOIS, HENRY I, KING OF NAVARRE:
Henry I, King of Navarre (Henry III of Champagne)

Earl of Chester
Prince of Wales
Duke of Celle
Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg
Elector of Hanover
King of Great Britain
King of Hanover

Child of BLANCHE* CAPET and EDMUND* PLANTAGENET is:
89. i. HENRY*15 PLANTAGENET, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER, b. 1281, Grosmont Castle, Gwent, Wales; d. 22 Sep 1345, of Natural Causes at Leicester, Leicestershire, England.
 

Child is listed above under (68) Henry* de BLOIS, Henry I, King of Navarre.

76.  ROBERT14II, COUNT OF ARTOIS (ROBERT*13 CAPETI, COUNT OF ARTOIS, LOUIS*12, PHILIP* AUGUSTUS11, LOUIS*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Aft. Aug 1250, and died 11 Jul 1302.

Child of ROBERTII, COUNT OF ARTOIS is:
 i. MAHAUT15 CAPET, COUNTESS OF ARTOIS.
 

77.  EDWARD*14 PLANTAGENET, I KING OF ENGLAND (HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 17 Jun 1239 in Palace of Westminster, Middlesex, England, and died 07 Jul 1307 in Burgh-on-Sands, near Carlisle, Cumberland (Cumbria),  England.  He married (1) ELEANOR* (INFANTA LEONOR) OF CASTILE Oct 1254 in Las Huelgas, Burgos, Spain, daughter of FERNANDO* and MARGUERITE* FRANCE.  She was born 1241 in Castile, Spain, and died 24 Nov 1290 in Harby, near Lincoln.  He married (2) MARGUERITE* CAPET, OF FRANCE AND CANTERBURY 10 Sep 1299 in Canterbury Cathedral, daughter of PHILIPPE* CAPET and MARY* LOUVAIN.  She was born 1282, and died 14 Feb 1317 in of natural causes in Marlborough Castle, Wiltshire, England.

Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET, I KING OF ENGLAND:
     BYNAME: EDWARD LONGSHANKS (b. June 17, 1239, Westminster, Middlesex, Eng.--d. July 7, 1307, Burgh by Sands, near Carlisle, Cumberland), son of Henry III and king of England in 1272-1307, during a period of rising national consciousness. He strengthened the crown and Parliament against the old feudal nobility. He subdued Wales, destroying its autonomy; and he sought (unsuccessfully) the conquest of Scotland. His reign is particularly noted for administrative efficiency and legal reform. He introduced a series of statutes that did much to strengthen the crown in the feudal hierarchy. His definition and emendation of English common law has earned him the name of the "English Justinian."
     EARLY LIFE: Edward was the eldest son of King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. In 1254 he was given the duchy of Gascony, the French Oléron, the Channel Islands, Ireland, Henry's lands in Wales, and the earldom of Chester, as well as several castles. Henry negotiated Edward's marriage with Eleanor, half sister of Alfonso X of Leon and Castile. Edward married Eleanor at Las Huelgas in Spain (October 1254) and then traveled to Bordeaux to organize his scattered appanage. He now had his own household and officials, chancery and seal, with an exchequer (treasury) at Bristol Castle; though nominally governing all his lands, he merely enjoyed the revenues in Gascony and Ireland. He returned to England in November 1255 and attacked Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, prince of Gwynedd, to whom his Welsh subjects had appealed for support when Edward attempted to introduce English administrative units in his Welsh lands. Edward, receiving no help from either Henry or the marcher lords, was defeated ignominiously. His arrogant lawlessness and his close association with his greedy Poitevin uncles, who had accompanied his mother from France, increased Edward's unpopularity among the English. But after the Poitevins were expelled, Edward fell under the influence of Simon de Montfort, his uncle by marriage, with whom he made a formal pact. Montfort was the leader of a baronial clique that was attempting to curb the misgovernment of Henry.
     Edward reluctantly accepted the Provisions of Oxford (1258), which gave effective government to the barons at the expense of the king. On the other hand, he intervened dramatically to support the radical Provisions of Westminster (October 1259), which ordered the barons to accept reforms demanded by their tenants. In the dangerous crisis early in 1260 he supported Montfort and the extremists, though finally he deserted Montfort and was forgiven by Henry (May 1260). He was sent to Gascony in October 1260 but returned early in 1263. Civil war had now broken out between Henry and the barons, who were supported by London. Edward's violent behavior and his quarrel with the Londoners harmed Henry's cause. At the Battle of Lewes (May 14, 1264) his vengeful pursuit of the Londoners early in the battle contributed to Henry's defeat. Edward surrendered and became a hostage in Montfort's hands. He escaped at Hereford in May 1265 and took charge of the royalist forces, penned Montfort behind the River Severn, and, by lightning strategy, destroyed a large relieving army at Kenilworth (August 1). On August 4 he trapped and slew Montfort at Evesham and rescued Henry. Shattered and enfeebled, Henry allowed Edward effective control of government, and the latter's extreme policy of vengeance, especially against the Londoners, revived and prolonged rebel resistance. Finally, the papal legate Ottobuono, Edward's uncle Richard, Earl of Cornwall, and other moderates persuaded Henry to the milder policy of the Dictum of Kenilworth (Oct. 31, 1266), and after some delay the rebels surrendered. Edward took the cross (1268), intending to join the French king Louis IX on a crusade to the Holy Land, but was delayed by lack of money until August 1270. Louis died before Edward's arrival; and Edward, after wintering in Sicily, went to Acre, where he stayed from May 1271 to September 1272, winning fame by his energy and courage and narrowly escaping death by assassination but achieving no useful results. On his way home he learned in Sicily of Henry III's death on Nov. 16, 1272. (see also Index: Barons' War)
     ACCESSION AND CHARACTOR: Edward had nominated Walter Giffard, archbishop of York, Philip Basset, Roger Mortimer, and his trusted clerk Robert Burnell to safeguard his interests during his absence. After Henry's funeral, the English barons all swore fealty to Edward (Nov. 20, 1272). His succession by hereditary right and the will of his magnates was proclaimed, and England welcomed the new reign peacefully, Burnell taking charge of the administration with his colleagues' support. The quiet succession demonstrated England's unity only five years after a bitter civil war. Edward could journey homeward slowly, halting in Paris to do homage to his cousin Philip III for his French lands (July 26, 1273), staying several months in Gascony and reaching Dover on Aug. 2, 1274, for his coronation at Westminster on August 19. Now 35 years old, Edward had redeemed a bad start. He had been arrogant, lawless, violent, treacherous, revengeful, and cruel; his Angevin rages matched those of Henry II. Loving his own way and intolerant of opposition, he had still proved susceptible to influence by strong-minded associates. He had shown intense family affection, loyalty to friends, courage, brilliant military capacity, and a gift for leadership; handsome, tall, powerful, and tough, he had the qualities men admired. He loved efficient, strong government, enjoyed power, and had learned to admire justice, though in his own affairs it was often the letter, not the spirit of the law that he observed. Having mastered his anger, he had shown himself capable of patient negotiation, generosity, and even idealism; and he preferred the society and advice of strong counselors with good minds. As long as Burnell and Queen Eleanor lived, the better side of Edward triumphed, and the years until about 1294 were years of great achievement. Thereafter, his character deteriorated for lack of domestic comfort and independent advice. He allowed his autocratic temper full rein and devoted his failing energies to prosecution of the wars in France and against Scotland.
     PARLIMENT AND STATUTES: Shrewdly realistic, Edward understood the value of the "parliaments," which since 1254 had distinguished English government and which Montfort had deliberately employed to publicize government policy and to enlist widespread, active support by summoning representatives of shires and boroughs to the council to decide important matters. Edward developed this practice swiftly, not to share royal power with his subjects but to strengthen royal authority with the support of rising national consciousness. From 1275 to 1307 he summoned knights and burgesses to his parliaments in varying manners. The Parliament of 1295, which included representatives of shires, boroughs, and the lesser clergy, is usually styled the Model Parliament, but the pattern varied from assembly to assembly, as Edward decided. By 1307, Parliament, thus broadly constituted, had become the distinctive feature of English politics, though its powers were still undefined and its organization embryonic.
     Edward used these parliaments and other councils to enact measures of consolidation and reform in legal, procedural, and administrative matters of many kinds. The great statutes promulgated between 1275 and 1290 are the glory of his reign. Conservative and definitory rather than original, they owed much to Burnell, Edward's chancellor. With the vast developments and reorganization of the administrative machine that Burnell coordinated, they created a new era in English government. The quo warranto inquiry, begun in 1275, the statutes of Gloucester (1278) and of Quo Warranto (1290) sought with much success to bring existing franchises under control and to prevent the unauthorized assumption of new ones. Tenants were required to show "by what warrant" or right they held their franchises. Edward strove, unsuccessfully, to restore the feudal army and strengthen local government institutions by compelling minor landowners to assume the duties of knighthood. His land legislation, especially the clause de donis conditionalibus in the miscellaneous Second Statute of Westminster (1285) and the statute Quia Emptores (Third Statute of Westminster, 1290), eventually helped to undermine feudalism, quite contrary to his purpose. By the Statute of Mortmain (1279) the crown gained control of the acquisition of land by ecclesiastical bodies. The Statute of Winchester (1285) codified and strengthened the police system for preserving public order. The Statute of Acton Burnell (1283) and the Statute of Merchants (1285) showed practical concern for trade and merchants. These are but the most famous of many statutes aimed at efficiency and sound administration.
     WARS: Meanwhile, Edward destroyed the autonomous principality of Wales, which, under Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, had expanded to include all Welsh lordships and much territory recovered from the marcher lords. Domestic difficulties had compelled Henry III to recognize Llywelyn's gains by the Treaty of Shrewsbury (1267), but Edward was determined to reduce Llywelyn and used Llywelyn's persistent evasion of his duty to perform homage as a pretext for attack. He invaded Wales by three coordinated advances with naval support (1277), blockaded Llywelyn in Snowdonia, starved him into submission, and stripped him of all his conquests since 1247. He then erected a tremendous ring of powerful castles encircling Gwynedd and reorganized the conquered districts as shires and hundreds. When English rule provoked rebellion, he methodically re conquered the principality, killing both Llywelyn (1282) and his brother David (1283). By the Statute of Wales (1284) he completed the reorganization of the principality on English lines, leaving the Welsh marchers unaffected. A further Welsh rising in 1294-95 was ruthlessly crushed, and Wales remained supine for more than 100 years.
After 1294, matters deteriorated. Queen Eleanor had died in 1290, Burnell in 1292, and Edward never thereafter found such good advisers. The conquest and fortification of Wales had badly strained his finances; now endless wars with Scotland and France bankrupted him. He quarrelled bitterly with both clergy and barons, behaving as a rash and obstinate autocrat who refused to recognize his limitations. Philip III and Philip IV of France had both cheated him of the contingent benefits promised by the Treaty of Paris (1259). By constant intervention on pretext of suzerainty they had nibbled at his Gascon borders and undermined the authority of his administration there. After doing homage to Philip IV in 1286, Edward visited Gascony to reorganize the administration and restore authority. On returning to England in 1289 he had to dismiss many judges and officials for corruption and oppression during his absence. In 1290, having systematically stripped the Jews of their remaining wealth, he expelled them from England. French intervention in Gascony was now intensified; affrays between English and French sailors inflamed feelings; and in 1293 Philip IV tricked Edward's brother Edmund, earl of Lancaster, who was conducting negotiations, into ordering a supposedly formal and temporary surrender of the duchy, which Philip then refused to restore. The Welsh rising and Scottish troubles prevented Edward from taking action, and when at last, in 1297, he sailed to attack France from Flanders, his barons refused to invade Gascony, and William Wallace's rising forced him to return. He made peace with Philip (1299) and by Boniface VIII's persuasion married Philip's sister Margaret, and eventually recovered an attenuated Gascon duchy.
     For more than 100 years relations between England and Scotland had been amicable, and the border had been remarkably peaceful. Edward inaugurated 250 years of bitter hatred, savage warfare, and bloody border forays. The deaths of Alexander III of Scotland (1286) and his granddaughter Margaret, the Maid of Norway (1290), whom Edward planned to marry to his heir, Edward of Caernarvon (afterward Edward II), ended the line of succession. Many dubious claimants arose, and the Scottish magnates requested Edward's arbitration. Edward compelled the nobles and the claimants to recognize his suzerainty, and only then adjudged John de Balliol king (1292). Balliol did homage and was crowned, but Edward's insistence on effective jurisdiction, as suzerain, in Scottish cases eventually provoked the Scottish nobles to force Balliol to repudiate Edward's claims and to ally with France (1295). Edward invaded and conquered Scotland (1296), removing to Westminster the coronation stone of Scone. Wallace led a revolt in 1297, and Edward, though brilliantly victorious at Falkirk (July 22, 1298), could not subdue the rebellion despite prolonged campaigning (1298-1303).
     LAST YEARS: The strain of these years provoked heavy collisions between Edward and his magnates. He had quarrelled violently with his archbishops of Canterbury, John Peckham (1279-92) and Robert Winchelsey (1293-1313), over ecclesiastical liberties and jurisdiction. In 1297 Winchelsey, obeying Pope Boniface VIII's bull Clericis Laicos (1296), rejected Edward's demands for taxes from the clergy, whereupon Edward outlawed the clergy. His barons now defied his orders to invade Gascony and, when Edward went to Flanders, compelled the regents to confirm the charters of liberties, with important additions forbidding arbitrary taxation (1297), thereby forcing Edward to abandon the campaign and eventually to make peace with France. Although Pope Clement V, more pliant than Boniface, allowed Edward to exile Winchelsey and intimidate the clergy (1306), the barons had exacted further concessions (1301) before reconciliation. Edward renewed the conquest of Scotland in 1303, captured Stirling in 1304, and executed Wallace as a traitor in 1305; but when Scotland seemed finally subjected, Robert I the Bruce revived rebellion and was crowned in 1306. On his way to reconquer Scotland, Edward died near Carlisle. (see also Index: church and state)
(R.F.Tr.)

 Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica

     More information can be found on the official Royals of England website at: http://www.royal.gov.uk/history/edward1.htm

Edward I
     Born in June 1239 at Westminster, Edward was named by his father Henry III after the last Anglo Saxon king (and his father's favorite saint) Edward the Confessor. Edward's parents were renowned for their patronage of the arts (his mother, Eleanor of Provence, encouraged Henry III to spend money on the arts, which included the rebuilding of Westminster Abbey and a still-extant magnificent shrine to house the body of Edward the Confessor), and Edward received a disciplined education - reading and writing in Latin and French, with training in the arts, sciences and music.
     In 1254, Edward travelled to Spain for an arranged marriage at the age of 15 to 9-year-old Eleanor of Castile. Just before Edward's marriage, Henry III gave him the duchy of Gascony, one of the few remnants of the once vast French possessions of the English Angevin kings. Gascony was part of a package which included parts of Ireland, the Channel Islands and the King's lands in Wales to provide an income for Edward. Edward then spent a year in Gascony, studying its administration.

The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 27 says: Edward is best remembered for his attempt to unite the kingdoms of England and Scotland under his personal rule as well as conquering Wales. In summoning the so-called "Model Parliament" in 1295 he had made an early attempt at representative democracy. When he left on crusade in 1270 he left heir to the throne, but he returned as King in 1274, his father Henry III having died two years earlier in 1272 while he was still away on crusade.

Edward was destined to become the outstanding English warrior king of the Middle Ages and fortunately inherited none of his father's weaknesses, taking instead, after his able uncle Richard of Cornwall. He also possessed his mother's strength of character, untempered by her frivolity. Edward set out to join the crusades in 1270 and the romantic (though probably untrue) story is told of Eleanor sucking the poison from his wounded arm after he was struck with a poisoned dagger. Edward died in 1370 campaigning in the north. He was struck down by dysentery having just completed his 68th year, a remarkable age for that era. He was taken back to Westminster and buried near his father and first wife with no adornment on his tomb.

Notes for ELEANOR* (INFANTA LEONOR) OF CASTILE:
     News of the death of queen Margaret of Scotland, Edward's sister sent Edward hurrying north to attempt to settle the question of succession there, while Eleanor followed at a more leisurely pace, but she fell ill with fever on the way and stopped for lodging at Harby, near Lincoln. Her health had been undermined by frequent childbearing (at least 16 pregnancies) and she died on November 24th, 1290 at about 49 years old. Edward was grief-stricken and had been called too late to arrive before her death. Terribly grief-stricken, he escorted her body back to London in slow stages, erecting memorial crosses, 12 in total number at all the places her body rested overnight. She was buried at the feet of her father-in-law Henry III, at Westminster Abbey, London, England. Heart broken Edward remained a widower for nine years before he remarried.

Marriage Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and ELEANOR* CASTILE:
     At the age of 15 years 4 months, Edward traveled to Spain with his mother and was married at Las Huelgas in Oct. 1254 to Infanta Leonor (known as Eleanor in England). She was age 13.  It was to prove an even greater love match than that of Edward's parents and the couple were inseparable for the rest of their joint lives. They were crowned together at Westminster Abbey in London on August 19, 1274, the first King and Queen to be crowned together since the Conquest. One of the greatest love matches in history, the two remained devoted to each other for 36 years until Eleanor's death in 1290. Their first child was born prematurely in May 1255 and did not live. The couple waited five years before trying again. During her marriage Eleanor gave birth to sixteen children, although there is some confusion over their sequence and dates of birth. It is likely that her last child was the future king, Edward II, born April 1284, but the possibility remains that she had at least one later child sometime before 1287, when she was fourty-four. This is the fifth oldest royal childbirth in history. This marriage lasted 36 years, 1 month.
     The sixteen children of this couple, is known in history to be the most children from any single marriage union. It is reported that Edward may have had an illegitimate child, but it is considered highly unlikely because he was known to be a devoted husband and family man.

Notes for MARGUERITE* CAPET, OF FRANCE AND CANTERBURY:
     After Edward's death Margaret moved to Marlborough Castle where she spent the rest of her widowhood, never remarying. She died Feb 14th, 1317. She was buried in the Church of Grey Friers in London which she co-founded, but her monument, and those of nine other members of the royal family interred there, was sold for 50 pounds by the greedy Lord Mayor in the reign of Elizabeth I, and subsequently lost.

Marriage Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and MARGUERITE* CAPET:
     Edward had so long mourned the death of his beloved, treasured first wife Eleanore, that it was surprising that he would marry again. However, at age 18, Margaret married King Edward I, he was age 60 years, 2 months, 23 days. Margaret landed at Dover on 08 Sep. 1299 and the marriage took place two days later. Although there was an age difference of about 40 years, the marriage was very good. Margaret was a devoted wife, a good stepmother and bore Edward two or three more children.

Children of EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and ELEANOR* CASTILE are:
90. i. EDWARD*15 PLANTAGENET, II OF KING OF ENGLAND, b. 25 Apr 1284, Caernarvon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales; d. 21 Sep 1327, Murdered by his wife at Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England.
 ii. ALFONSO PLANTAGENET, EARL OF CHESTER, b. 1273; d. 1284.
91. iii. ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET, b. 1282; d. 1316.
 iv. ELEANOR PLANTAGENET, b. 1269; d. 1298; m. HENRIIII, COUNT OF BAR; d. 1302.
92. v. JOAN OF ARCE PLANTAGENET, b. 1272; d. 1307.
93. vi. MARGARET PLANTAGENET, b. 1275; d. 1318.
 

Children are listed above under (32) Marguerite* CAPET, of France and Canterbury.

78.  EDMUND*14 PLANTAGENET, 1ST EARL OF LANCASTER (HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 16 Jan 1246 in London, England, and died 05 Jun 1296 in of natural  causes in Bayonne, Gascony, France.  He married BLANCHE* CAPET, OF NAVARRE, daughter of ROBERT* CAPET and MAHAUT* LOUVAIN.  She was born Abt. 1247, and died 02 May 1302 in of Natural Causes at an Unknown place.

Notes for EDMUND* PLANTAGENET, 1ST EARL OF LANCASTER:
Edmund Plantagenet, 1st Earl of Lancaster (Crouchback)
Title(s): Marquess of Somerset (1398 cr)

Notes for BLANCHE* CAPET, OF NAVARRE:
Blanche Capet (daughter of Robert I, Count of Artois)
 

Child is listed above under (75) Blanche* CAPET, of Navarre.

79.  ELEANOR14 MONTFORT (ELEANOR13 PLANTAGENET, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married LLYWELYNII, PRINCE OF WALES.  He died 1282.

Child of ELEANOR MONTFORT and LLYWELYN is:
 i. GWENLLIAN15.
 

80.  WILLIAM*14 PERCY (HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 1245.  He married ELEANOR* BALLIOL, daughter of INGELRAM* BALLIOL.

Notes for WILLIAM* PERCY:
William Percy (grandfather of Henry, 1st Baron Percy)

Title(s): Baron Balinhard (1869 cr)
Earl of Southesk (1633 cr - 10th)
 
 

Notes for ELEANOR* BALLIOL:
Eleanor Balliol (grandmother of Henry, 1st Baron Percy)
 

Child of WILLIAM* PERCY and ELEANOR* BALLIOL is:
94. i. HENRY*15 PERCY, d. 1272.
 

Generation No. 15

81.  JOAN*15 DE BLOIS, I QUEEN OF NAVARRE (HENRY*14, THEOBOLD*13, THEOBALD*12, HENRY*11, THEOBALD*10, ADELA*9 CURTHOS, "COUNTESS OF BLOIS", MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 14 Jan 1273 in Bar-sur-Seine, France, and died 02 Apr 1305 in OF Unknown AT Vincennes, Paris, France.  She married PHILIP* CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR) 16 Aug 1284, son of PHILIPPE* CAPET and ISABELLA* ARAGON.  He was born Abt. 1268 in Fontainebleau, France, and died 29 Oct 1314 in of Accident at Fontainebleau, France.

Notes for PHILIP* CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR):
Earl of Hereford
Duke of Lancaster
King of England

Marriage Notes for JOAN* DE BLOIS and PHILIP* CAPET:
     At age 17 Philip married Joan I, Queen of Navarre, she was age 12.

Child is listed above under (30) Philip* CAPETIV, King of France (The Fair).

82.  HENRY IV15 PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND (JOHN*14, EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 04 Apr 1366 in Bolingbroke Castle, Lincolnshire, England, and died 1413 in Jerusalm Chamber, Westminster Abbey, London, England.  He married (1) MARY DE BOHUN Bet. 1380 & 1381 in Arundel Castle, daughter of HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 7TH EARL OF HERFORD.  She was born Abt. 1370 in Pamplona, Spain, and died 04 Jul 1394 in Petersborough Castle,.  He married (2) JOAN OF NAVARRE 07 Feb 1403 in Eltham Palace,, daughter of CHARLESII, KING OF NAVARRE.  She died 09 Jul 1437 in Havering atte Bower, Essex, England.

Notes for HENRY IV PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND:
     The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 32 says that: A branch of the Plantagenet family, the House of Lancaster was a short dynasty of three kings, all named Henry. The first, Henry IV, was the Duke of Lancaster and the eldest son of John of Gaunt, the fourth son of Edward III. The Lancastrians period was marked by almost continual warfare. Baronial revolt and war with Welsh patriots broke out in the first decade, and dynastic war during the last, with prolonged warfare in France occupying most of the intervening four decades, when King Henry V opened the final phase of the 100 Years' War. He recovered many English possessions, but they were all lost again during the reign of his son, Henry VI. The loss of the French possessions, along with the week government of Henry VI, led to the outbreak of the Wars of the Roses, a campaign led by supporters of Richard, Duke of York and Protector of England, during the illness of his cousin, Henry VI, to place Richard on the throne instead of Henry.
     Henry's seizure of the throne from Richard II was never questioned by Parliament, and many people welcomed the accession of this strong and able ruler. Everything was not smooth however because throughout his reign, Henry was plagued by revolts against him by those who had once been his most loyal supporters. Worn down by conflict and financial problems, Henry IV died a shadow of his former, vigorous self.

NOTE: The Wars of the Roses can be seen quite simply as the military expression of an on-going family quarrel between two branches of the royal house of Plantagenet, the houses of Lancaster and York. The war broke out in 1455 as a result of Yorkists exasperation with the week and inefficient government of Henry VI, and lasted, with lengthy intervals, for 30 years.

     Henry was known as Henry of Bolingbroke, and after the death of his three elder brothers, he became heir and was given the courtesy title Earl of Darby.  After Mary's death, Henry set off on a world tour. He visited Venice, Cyprus and Jerusalem as well as serving for a time with the Teutonic Knights in Lithuania. His execution of the Archbishop of Scrope for treason labeled Henry an impious monster. Henry was plagued with head lice and a disfiguring skin disease, referred to as 'leprosy' but most likely just a form of eczema.
     It had been prophesied that Henry IV would die in Jerusalem, so he took great comfort in the knowledge that his death would be deferred until he carried out his long-projected crusade. But on March 20, 1413 he suffered a stroke while praying at the shrine of Edward the Confessor in Westminster Abbey, and was carried to the Jerusalem Chamber near the west door where upon regaining consciousness he asked his whereabouts and was told he was in the Jerusalem Chamber where he gave thanks to God, mumbled 'Now I know that I shall die here in this chamber,' and expired.
     Although he died at Westminster Abbey, he had expressed the desire to be buried at Canterbury Cathedral near the shrine of St. Thomas Becket so his body was taken by land and by sea and rests there.
     It is also alledged that Henry contracted leprosy which the clergy maintained was divine retribution for Henry's execution of Archbishop Scrope of York . It may merely have been an extreme form of eczema and Henry's second wife, Joan of Navarre, was later accused of inflicting the ailment through witchcraft.

Marriage Notes for HENRY PLANTAGENET and MARY DE BOHUN:
     Henry was 14 years old when he married 11 year old Mary. Her exact date of birth is uncertain, but she was probably under thirteen when her first child, Edward was born, April 1382, who survived only four days. Henry was about age 15. She died following the birth of the last child, after bearing 7 children.

Notes for JOAN OF NAVARRE:
     In 1418 Joan was accused of witchcraft, deproved of her property and dower, and kept in close confinement until July 1422, when she was released and her dower was restored.

Marriage Notes for HENRY PLANTAGENET and JOAN NAVARRE:
     Joan and Henry had no children together, although Joan had born nine children as Duchess of Brittany. This fact along with some dark rumors, led to accusations of witchcraft being leveled against her. It seems highly probable that she and her followers had brought some ancient Breton superstitions into England with them. Nevertheless, she formed an excelent relationship with her stepchildren, and Henry V refered to her as 'his dearest mother' when he appointed her regent in 1417.

Children of HENRY PLANTAGENET and MARY DE BOHUN are:
 i. EDWARD16 PLANTAGENET, b. 1382; d. 1382, an unknown place at four days old.
95. ii. HENRY V PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND, b. 16 Dec 1387, Monmouth Castle; d. 01 Sep 1422, of dysentery at Bois de Vincennes, near Paris, France.
 

83.  JOAN*15 BEAUFORT (JOHN*14 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1379 in Beaufort Castle, Anjou, France, and died 13 Nov 1440 in of Natural Causes at Howden, Humberside, England.  She married RALPH* NEVILLE, 1ST EARL OF WESTMORELAND 03 Feb 1397, son of JOHN* NEVILL and MAUD* PERCY.  He was born Abt. 1364, and died 1425.

Notes for JOAN* BEAUFORT:
Joan Beaufort (daughter of John of Gaunt)
 
 

Marriage Notes for JOAN* BEAUFORT and RALPH* NEVILLE:
     At age 18, Joan married Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, who was age 33.

Children of JOAN* BEAUFORT and RALPH* NEVILLE are:
 i. ANNE16 NEVILLE.
96. ii. CECILIA "CECILY" NEVILLE, b. 03 May 1415, Raby Castle, Durham, England; d. 31 May 1495, Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England of natural causes.
 iii. CUTHBERT NEVILLE, d. Bef. 1425.
97. iv. SIR-EDWARD* NEVILLE, K.G. BARON LORD ABERGAVENNY, d. 18 Oct 1476.
98. v. ELEANOR NEVILLE.
 vi. GEORGE NEVILLE, 1ST BARON LATIMER, d. 30 Dec 1469; m. ELIZABETH BEAUCHAMP; d. Abt. Sep 1480.
 vii. HENRY NEVILLE, d. Bef. 1425.
 viii. JANE NEVILLE.
99. ix. KATHERINE NEVILLE, b. Abt. 1397; d. Abt. Sep 1483.
 x. RICHARD NEVILLE, 1ST EARL OF SALISBURY, b. 1400; d. 31 Dec 1460, Wakefield, West Yorkshire, England he was executed; m. ALICE MONTACUTE.
 xi. ROBERT NEVILLE, BISHOP OF DURHAM, d. 1457.
 xii. THOMAS NEVILLE, d. Bef. 1425.
 xiii. WILLIAM NEVILLE, EARL OF KENT, d. 09 Jan 1463.
 

84.  EDMUND15 PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF YORK (JOHN*14, EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married ISABELLA OF CASTILLE.

Child of EDMUND PLANTAGENET and ISABELLA CASTILLE is:
 i. RICHARD16 PLANTAGENET, EARL OF CAMBRIDGE, m. ANNE MORTIMER.
 

85.  JOHN15 BEAUFORT, EARL OF SOMERSET (JOHN*14 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1372, and died 1410.  He married MARGARET HOLLAND Aft. 28 Sep 1397, daughter of THOMAS HOLLAND and ALICE FITZALAN.  She was born 1385, and died 30 Dec 1429.

Children of JOHN BEAUFORT and MARGARET HOLLAND are:
100. i. JOHN16 BEAUFORT, DUKE OF SOMERSET, b. 1404; d. 1444.
 ii. JOAN BEAUFORT, d. 15 Jul 1445, Dunbar Castle, Lothian, Scotland of natural causes; m. (1) JAMES STEWARTI, KING OF SCOTS, 02 Feb 1424; b. 30 Dec 1394, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland; d. 21 Feb 1437, Perth, Tayside, Scotland, murdered; m. (2) JAMES STEWERT, 'THE BLACK KNIGHT OF LORNE', 1439.

Notes for JAMES STEWARTI, KING OF SCOTS:
     Joan's first husband was James I of Scotland who is credited with being the poet that wrote "The Kingis Quair", a poem written while he was a prisoner in England in the early 1420s. It is not only an autobiography of his his years of captivity in England, but records how he fell in love with Joan and is a  record of his love for his future wife. He is suspected of having written other poems but their identity remains uncertain.
 

86.  PHILIPPA15 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE (LIONEL14, EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1355, and died 1378.  She married EDMOND MORTIMER, 3RD EARL OF MARCH.  He was born 1352, and died 1381.

Children of PHILIPPA PLANTAGENET and EDMOND MORTIMER are:
101. i. ROGER16 MORTIMER, EARL OF MARCH, b. 1374; d. 1398.
102. ii. ELIZABETH MORTIMER.
 iii. EDMUND MORTIMER, b. 09 Nov 1376; d. 1438, Harlech, Gwynedd, Wales, Killed in Battle; m. KATHERINE GLENDOWER, 1402; d. Bef. 01 Dec 1413.
 

87.  RICHARD15 PLANTAGENET, EARL OF CAMBRIDGE (EDMUND14, EDWARD*13, ISABELLA* CAPET OF12 FRANCE, BOULONGE, PHILIP*11 CAPETIV, KING OF FRANCE (THE FAIR), PHILIPPE*10, LOUIS*9, PHILIP*8, HENRY*7, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1376, and died 1415.  He married ANNE MORTIMER, daughter of ROGER MORTIMER and ELEANOR KENT.  She was born 1390, and died 1411.

Child of RICHARD PLANTAGENET and ANNE MORTIMER is:
103. i. RICHARD16 PLANTAGENET, 3RD DUKE OF YORK, b. 1411; d. 1460.
 

88.  SIR-THOMAS*15 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK (ELIZABETH*17 DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK, MARGARET*16 PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF NORFOLK, THOMAS*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1362, and died 22 Sep 1399 in Venice, Italy.  He married LADY-ELIZABETH* FITZ ALAN 1384, daughter of RICHARD* ALAN and ELIZABETH* BOHUN.  She died 1425.

Notes for SIR-THOMAS* MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK:
Thomas Mowbray,  (K. of G.) Knight of the Garter and First Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl Marshal-(b. c. 1366--d. Sept. 22, 1399, Venice [Italy]), English lord whose quarrel with Henry of Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV, reigned 1399-1413), was a critical episode in the events leading to the overthrow of King Richard II (reigned 1377-99) by Bolingbroke. The quarrel dominates the first act of William Shakespeare's play Richard II.
The son of John, 4th Lord Mowbray, Thomas was made Earl of Nottingham in 1383. Several years later he joined the group of powerful nobles--known as the lords appellant--who from 1387 to 1389 forced Richard II to submit to their authority. Nevertheless, after Richard regained power, he employed Mowbray on military and diplomatic missions. In 1397 Richard arrested three leading appellants, including Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester. Committed to Mowbray's charge, Gloucester was mysteriously murdered, possibly on orders from Richard.

Although Mowbray was then created Duke of Norfolk in 1397, he feared that the king would have him arrested for his earlier disloyalty. He confided these fears to Bolingbroke, who immediately denounced him to Richard as a traitor. Mowbray denied the charges and, as the two men were about to decide the dispute by duel, Richard intervened and banished them both (Sept. 16, 1398). Norfolk died in Italy shortly before Bolingbroke forced Richard to abdicate.

Duke of Norfolk and former trusted ally of the king in Shakespeare's Richard II. Despite his past service to the king, Mowbray's violent dispute with Henry Bolingbroke sets in motion the chain of events that ends in Richard's deposition and murder.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica
 
 

Marriage Notes for SIR-THOMAS* MOWBRAY and LADY-ELIZABETH* ALAN:
At age 22 Sir Thomas Mowbery married Elizabeth Fitzalan

Children of SIR-THOMAS* MOWBRAY and LADY-ELIZABETH* ALAN are:
104. i. LADY-MARGARET*16 DE MOWBRAY.
105. ii. JOHN MOWBRAY, 2ND DUKE OF NORFOLK.
 iii. ISABEL MOWBRAY, m. HENRY FERRERS.
 iv. THOMAS MOWBRAY, 7TH BARON MOWBRAY, m. CONSTANCE HOLLAND.
 

89.  HENRY*15 PLANTAGENET, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER (EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1281 in Grosmont Castle, Gwent, Wales, and died 22 Sep 1345 in of Natural Causes at Leicester, Leicestershire, England.  He married (1) MAUD* DE CHAWORTH Bet. 02 Mar 1297 & 1298, daughter of PATRICK* CHAWORTH and ISABEL* BEAUCHAMP.  She was born Abt. 1282 in Unknown, and died Bef. 03 Dec 1322 in of Natural Causes at an Unknown place.  He married (2) ALIX DE JOINVILLE Aft. 1322.

Notes for HENRY* PLANTAGENET, 3RD EARL OF LANCASTER:
Title(s): Duke of Celle (1760 - 1820)
Duke of Brunswick-Luneburg (1760 - 1820)
Elector of Hanover (1760 - 1814)
King of Great Britain (1760 - 1820)
King of Hanover (1814 - 1820)

Notes for MAUD* DE CHAWORTH:
Maud Chaworth (wife of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster)
 

Marriage Notes for HENRY* PLANTAGENET and MAUD* DE CHAWORTH:
At age 16 Maud married Henry Plantagenet, 3rd Earl of Lancaster, he was age 17

Children of HENRY* PLANTAGENET and MAUD* DE CHAWORTH are:
106. i. ELEANOR*16 PLANTAGENET, (ELEANOR OF LANCASTER), b. Abt. 1318, Grosmont Castle, Gwent, Wales; d. 11 Nov 1372, Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England of Natural Causes.
107. ii. JOAN* PLANTAGENET, b. Abt. 1312; d. Aft. 06 Feb 1345, of natural  causes at an unknown place.
 iii. MARY PLANTAGENET, b. 1320; d. 02 Sep 1362; m. HENRY PERCY, 3RD BARON PERCY.
 iv. BLANCHE PLANTAGENET, b. Abt. 1305; d. 10 Jul 1380; m. THOMAS WAKE, 2ND BARON WAKE OF LYDELL, Bef. 24 Nov 1320.
 v. HENRY OF GROSMONT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, b. Abt. 1314, Grosmont Castle, Gwent, Wales; d. 23 Mar 1361, Leicester, Leicestershire, England of Natural Causes; m. ISABEL BEAUMONT, Abt. 1334.
 vi. ISABEL PLANTAGENET, b. Abt. 1317; d. Aft. 01 Feb 1347, Unknown place of Natural causes.
108. vii. MAUD PLANTAGENET, b. Abt. 1310; d. Bef. 05 May 1377, Campsey Abbey, Suffolk, England of Natural Causes.
 

90.  EDWARD*15 PLANTAGENET, II OF KING OF ENGLAND (EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 25 Apr 1284 in Caernarvon Castle, Gwynedd, Wales, and died 21 Sep 1327 in Murdered by his wife at Berkeley Castle, Gloucestershire, England.  He married ISABELLA* CAPET OF FRANCE, BOULONGE 28 Jan 1308, daughter of PHILIP* CAPET and JOAN* DE BLOIS.  She was born 1292 in Paris, Seine, France, and died 22 Aug 1358 in of Natural Causes at Castle Rising, Norfolk, England.

Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET, II OF KING OF ENGLAND:
Earl of Hereford
Duke of Lancaster
King of England

The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 28 that; In 1284 Edward I was in Wales following his successful conquest of the country. His wife, Eleanor, gave birth to a son and heir, Edward, while they were at Caernarfon. There has been a long held tradition that states that Edward held up his baby son at a gathering of Welsh nobles and said: "Here is your new Prince of Wales". Since that time the monarch's eldest son has received the title of Prince of Wales. The fact of the matter is, at that time in history, Edward was not made Prince of Wales until 1301 when he was about 17 years old. Edward is one of the sadder personalities among the English monarchs and it is very hard not to feel sorry for him in that although he was blessed with good looks and a good brain, being physically strong and enjoying a variety of sporting interests he didn't do well in the romance department. He was very loyal to his friends which was one of his greatest virtues but one that led to his downfall for he was not a good judge of men. He was finally deposed on the 20th of January 1327, and horribly murdered on his wife's orders later the same year.

The book, History of the Kings and Queens of England by David Williamson says that Edward's father presented the baby on his shield to the people of Wales as a prince who could speak no English. Since Edward lost his mother at age six and did not acquire a stepmother for another nine years, he lacked parental guidance for most of his childhood and his longing for companions of his own age and sex as probably engendered at this early stage of his life. His first 'Favorite' was Piers Gaveston, a Gascon, who became his inseparable companion and alienated most of the court by applying sarcastic and offensive nicknames to it's members. Upon Edward's accession in 1307 he conferred the royal earldom of Cornwall on his favorite friend Piers.
     The coronation took place at Westminster Abbey on 25th of February and Gaveston carried the crown and it was said, "was dressed more magnificently that the sovereign himself". Feelings ran so high against this favorite friend of the king until he was finally kidnapped by the Earl of Warwick and beheaded in 1312. The king hid his feelings by the callous comment: 'by God, what a fool he was! I could have told him never to get into Warwick's hands.'
     The king acquired a new favorite, Hugh Le Despenser, who with his father, Hugh 'the Elder.' Earl of Winchester who supported Edward against the coalition of nobles and induced Edward to deprive Queen Isabelle of her estate in 1324. Furious at this, she went to France the following year and joined her lover, Roger Mortimer raised an army and returned to England in 1326. Edward was deposed on 20 Jan 1327 and confined in Berkeley Castle where some nine months later he was barbarously murdered by the insertion of a red hot iron 'into his entrails'. His otherwise unmarked body was taken to Gloucester Cathedral for burial and a beautiful alabaster effigy was placed over his tomb by his son, Edward III.
     The murder brought about a surge of public feelings against Queen Isabelle, the 'she-wolf of France' as she became known. Mortimer was then executed by her son, although she tried to protect him crying out, ' Fair son, have mercy on the gentle Mortimer!' In spite of her plea, he obtained the distinction of being the first person to be executed at Tyburn. Isabelle his mother was banished to live in Castle Rising in Norfolk, where she died August 22, 1358. She was buried not far from Mortimer in Grey Friars Church, London, 'with the heart of her murdered husband on her breast.'

VISIT: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/MEDedwardIII.htm  for more information on Edward II

The Book; British Kings & Queens Encyclopedia by Mike Ashley says;
     The death of Edmund Ironside so soon after his treaty with Canute has always been suspicious. Although, the official story is that he died of natural causes, at least one chronicler claimed that he was murdered. The assassin apparently hid under the king's privy and, when the king came to relieve himself, he was stabbed twice up the through the bowels. He is the only king believed to have been murdered on the toilet, though George II also died (of a heart attack) while going to the lavatory.

NOTE: There is suspected good reason why his murderers thrust the red-hot poker up into his bowels as many suspect that his open affection for the male gender made him some enemys.

Notes for ISABELLA* CAPET OF FRANCE, BOULONGE:
     Isabella was the Queen of Edward II and the daughter of Philippe IV of France. She had become the lover of Roger Mortimer and between them, they plotted the downfall and death of her husband, Edward II. Her son, Edward the III subsequently had her and Mortimer arrested. Mortimer was executed while Isabella was forced to remain at Castle Rising in Norfolk where she was held in almost perpetual detention for 28 years and 4 months,  from April 1330 until her death 22 Aug. 1358. She holds the dubious of honor of being the second longest imprisoned monarch in history next to Eleanor of Brittany who was imprisoned for 39 years by King John.

Marriage Notes for EDWARD* PLANTAGENET and ISABELLA* FRANCE:
     At age 24 Edward married Isabel of France, who was age 16. Before his father's death Edward was betrothed to Isabelle, the eldest daughter of Philip IV, King of France, and Jeanne I, Queen of Navarre, and in January 1308, accompanied by his stepmother, Queen Margaret (the bride's Aunt), he set out for Boulonge to complete the marriage, leaving Gaveston as regent in England. The marriage was celebrated with great pomp on January 25th and after several days of feasting, the couple set out to return to England. They were met iat Dover by Gaveston and the very open display of affection between him and the King caused great dismay to Isabelle and her two uncles who had accompanied them.

Children are listed above under (43) Isabella* CAPET of France, Boulonge.

91.  ELIZABETH15 PLANTAGENET (EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1282, and died 1316.  She married HUMPHREY DE BOHUN, 4TH EARL OF HERFORD AND ESSEX.  He was born 1276, and died 1322.

Child of ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET and HUMPHREY DE BOHUN is:
109. i. MARGARET16 DE BOHUN.
 

92.  JOAN OF ARCE15 PLANTAGENET (EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1272, and died 1307.  She married (1) GILBERT DE CLARE, 1ST EARL OF GLOUCESTER.  He was born 1243, and died 1295.  She married (2) RALPH BARON MONTHERMER.  He died 1325.

Children of JOAN PLANTAGENET and GILBERT DE CLARE are:
110. i. ELEANOR16 DE CLARE, b. 1292; d. 1337.
 ii. MARGARET DE CLARE, b. 1293; d. 1342; m. PIERS GAVESTON; d. 1312.
 

93.  MARGARET15 PLANTAGENET (EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1275, and died 1318.  She married JOHN II DUKE OF BRABANT.  He died 1312.

Child of MARGARET PLANTAGENET and JOHN BRABANT is:
 i. JOHN III OF16 BRABANT, b. 1300; d. 1355.
 

94.  HENRY*15 PERCY (WILLIAM*14, HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 1272.  He married ELEANOR* DE WARRENNE, daughter of JOHN* DE WARRENNE and ALICE* LE BRUN.

Notes for HENRY* PERCY:
Henry Percy (father of Henry, 1st Baron Percy)

Title(s): Earl of Southesk (1633 cr - 10th)
 

Notes for ELEANOR* DE WARRENNE:
Eleanor de Warrenne (daughter of John, 3rd Earl of Surrey)
 

Child of HENRY* PERCY and ELEANOR* DE WARRENNE is:
111. i. HENRY*16 PERCY, 1ST BARON PERCY, d. 1315.
 

Generation No. 16

95.  HENRY V16 PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND (HENRY IV18, JOHN*17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 16 Dec 1387 in Monmouth Castle, and died 01 Sep 1422 in of dysentery at Bois de Vincennes, near Paris, France.  He married CATHERINE OF FRANCE 02 Jun 1420 in Troyes, France, daughter of CHARLESVI, KING OF FRANCE (THE MAD).  She was born 1401, and died 03 Jan 1437 in Bermondsey Abbey.

Notes for HENRY V PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND:
The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 35 says that: Soon after succeeding his father, Henry V revived the 100 Years' War with France. In 1415, Henry defeated the French army at Agincourt, and by 1420 he had forced the French King, Charles VI, to accept him as his heir. This pact was sealed by Henry's marriage to Charles's daughter, Catherine.
Henry V, was an adventurous and headstrong leader as well as a shrewd tactician, both militarily and politically. He was also deeply religious and was known to deal mercifully with his enemies.

     Two days after his father's coronation he was created Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall and Earl of Chester. A month later his additional titles were Duke of Aquitaine and Duke of Lancaster. The riotous stories of his youth are purely inventions of Shakespeare and are not backed up by history. At age 16 he was wounded by an arrow in the face.
     Henry was the last great warrior king of the Middle Ages. He is described as stern, humorless and having an unattractive personality. Henry fell ill with dysentery which was an ever-present scourge of military life and died at 35 years old. His body was dismembered, boiled in a cauldron and taken back to England to be buried in Westminster Abbey in a chapel just east of where Edward the Confessor's shrine is located.

Notes for CATHERINE OF FRANCE:
     After accompanying her husband's body back to England, Queen Catherine took up residence at Baynard's Castle on the south bank of the Thames in 1424. She eventually fell in love with Owan Tudor, a young Welsh squire of no fortune, and is said to have married him in secret although no proof has been found to substantiate the claim although three sons and a daughter, who did not survive were born of the relationship. The death of the young daughter, in 1436, whose name was Margaret, brought her scandalous life to the knowledge of the king's guardians, which resulted in the sons being taken from her and she was forced to take up residence at Bermondsey Abbey, where she soon fell into a decline of health and died. She was buried at Westminster Abbey, but her mummified body was disinterred at the time of Henry VII's funeral and remained above ground in a chest for nearly three centuries. Samuel Pepys saw it when he visited the abbey in February 1669 and recorded that on his thirty-sixth birthday he kissed her lips. "YUCK!!!" Catherine's body was eventually re buried in Henry V's Chantry Chapel.

Child of HENRY PLANTAGENET and CATHERINE FRANCE is:
112. i. HENRY VI17 PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND, b. 06 Dec 1421, Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England; d. 27 May 1471, Murdered at the Tower of London, London, England.
 

96.  CECILIA "CECILY"16 NEVILLE (JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 03 May 1415 in Raby Castle, Durham, England, and died 31 May 1495 in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England of natural causes.  She married RICHARD PLANTAGENET, 3RD DUKE OF YORK, son of RICHARD PLANTAGENET and ANNE MORTIMER.  He was born 1411, and died 1460.

Child of CECILIA NEVILLE and RICHARD PLANTAGENET is:
113. i. EDWARD IV17 PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND, b. 1442; d. 1483.
 

97.  SIR-EDWARD*16 NEVILLE, K.G. BARON LORD ABERGAVENNY (JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 18 Oct 1476.  He married (1) ELIZABETH BEAUCHAMP.    He married (2) CATHERINE* HOWARD, daughter of SIR-ROBERT* HOWARD and LADY-MARGARET* DE MOWBRAY.

Notes for SIR-EDWARD* NEVILLE, K.G. BARON LORD ABERGAVENNY:
        Sir Edward Nevill was a Knight of the Garter. (K. of G.) Edward was also known as (the Exile, son of King Edmund II)
Edmund II, King of the English

Children of SIR-EDWARD* NEVILLE and ELIZABETH BEAUCHAMP are:
 i. GEORGE17 NEVILLE, 4TH LORD BERGAVENNY, m. MARGARET FENNE.
 ii. RICHARD NEVILLE.
 

Child of SIR-EDWARD* NEVILLE and CATHERINE* HOWARD is:
114. iii. LADY-MARGARET*17 NEVILLE.
 

98.  ELEANOR16 NEVILLE (JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married (1) RICHARD DESPENSER, LORD DESPENSER.    She married (2) HENRY PERCY, 2ND EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND, son of SIR-HENRY PERCY and ELIZABETH MORTIMER.

Children of ELEANOR NEVILLE and HENRY PERCY are:
115. i. HENRY17 PERCY, 3RD EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND.
 ii. KATHERINE PERCY.
 

99.  KATHERINE16 NEVILLE (JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1397, and died Abt. Sep 1483.  She married (1) JOHN BEAUMONT, VISCOUNT BEAUMONT.    She married (2) THOMAS STRANGEWAYS.    She married (3) JOHN MOWBRAY, 2ND DUKE OF NORFOLK Abt. 1413, son of SIR-THOMAS* MOWBRAY and LADY-ELIZABETH* ALAN.    She married (4) JOHN WOODVILLE 1465.  He was born Abt. 1445, and died Aft. 06 Jul 1469 in England, he was executed.

Marriage Notes for KATHERINE NEVILLE and JOHN WOODVILLE:
     At age 20, John married Katherine Neville, who was age 68.

Child of KATHERINE NEVILLE and JOHN MOWBRAY is:
 i. JOHN17 MOWBRAY, 3RD DUKE OF NORFOLK, b. Abt. 1413; d. 1461; m. ANNE BOURCHIER.
 

100.  JOHN16 BEAUFORT, DUKE OF SOMERSET (JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1404, and died 1444.  He married MARGARET BEAUCHAMP.  She died 1482.

Child of JOHN BEAUFORT and MARGARET BEAUCHAMP is:
116. i. MARGARET17 BEAUFORT, b. 1443; d. 1509.
 

101.  ROGER16 MORTIMER, EARL OF MARCH (PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1374, and died 1398.  He married ELEANOR HOLLAND OF KENT.

Children of ROGER MORTIMER and ELEANOR KENT are:
 i. EDMOND17 MORTIMER, 5TH EARL OF MARCH, b. 1391; d. 1425; m. ANNE MORTIMER.
117. ii. ANNE MORTIMER, b. 1390; d. 1411.
 

102.  ELIZABETH16 MORTIMER (PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-HENRY "HOTSPUR" PERCY.

Child of ELIZABETH MORTIMER and SIR-HENRY PERCY is:
118. i. HENRY17 PERCY, 2ND EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND.
 

103.  RICHARD16 PLANTAGENET, 3RD DUKE OF YORK (RICHARD18, EDMUND17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1411, and died 1460.  He married CECILIA "CECILY" NEVILLE, daughter of RALPH* NEVILLE and JOAN* BEAUFORT.  She was born 03 May 1415 in Raby Castle, Durham, England, and died 31 May 1495 in Berkhamsted Castle, Hertfordshire, England of natural causes.

Child is listed above under (96) Cecilia "Cecily" Neville.

104.  LADY-MARGARET*16 DE MOWBRAY (SIR-THOMAS*18 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, ELIZABETH*17 DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK, MARGARET*16 PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF NORFOLK, THOMAS*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-ROBERT* HOWARD, K.G. Bef. 1420, son of JOHN* HOWARD and ALICE* TENDRING.  He was born Abt. 1383, and died 1436.

Marriage Notes for LADY-MARGARET* DE MOWBRAY and SIR-ROBERT* HOWARD:
     Margaret married Robert Howard, at age 36.

Children of LADY-MARGARET* DE MOWBRAY and SIR-ROBERT* HOWARD are:
119. i. CATHERINE*17 HOWARD.
120. ii. JOHN HOWARD, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, b. 1420; d. 22 Aug 1485, Killed in Battle, at Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England.
 iii. MARGARET HOWARD.
 

105.  JOHN16 MOWBRAY, 2ND DUKE OF NORFOLK (SIR-THOMAS*18, ELIZABETH*17 DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK, MARGARET*16 PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF NORFOLK, THOMAS*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married KATHERINE NEVILLE Abt. 1413, daughter of RALPH* NEVILLE and JOAN* BEAUFORT.  She was born Abt. 1397, and died Abt. Sep 1483.

Child is listed above under (99) Katherine Neville.

106.  ELEANOR*16 PLANTAGENET, (ELEANOR OF LANCASTER) (HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1318 in Grosmont Castle, Gwent, Wales, and died 11 Nov 1372 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England of Natural Causes.  She married EDMUND* FITZ ALAN, 8TH EARL OF ARUNDEL 05 Feb 1345.  He was born Abt. 1313, and died 24 Jan 1376 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England of Natural Causes.

Notes for ELEANOR* PLANTAGENET, (ELEANOR OF LANCASTER):
Eleanor Plantagenet (daughter of 3rd Earl of Lancaster)
 

Marriage Notes for ELEANOR* PLANTAGENET and EDMUND* ALAN:
At age 27 Eleanor married Richard Fitzalan, 8th Earl of Arundel, he was age 32

Children of ELEANOR* PLANTAGENET and EDMUND* ALAN are:
121. i. RICHARD* FITZ17 ALAN, 9TH EARL OF ARUNDEL, b. 1346; d. 21 Sep 1397, Executed at theTower of London, England.
122. ii. ALICE FITZALAN, b. 1352, Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England; d. 17 Mar 1416.
 

107.  JOAN*16 PLANTAGENET (HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1312, and died Aft. 06 Feb 1345 in of natural  causes at an unknown place.  She married JOHN* MOWBRAY, 3RD BARON MOWBRAY Aft. 28 Feb 1327, son of MOWBRAY*.  He died 04 Oct 1361 in of natural  causes at York, North Yorkshire, England.

Notes for JOAN* PLANTAGENET:
Joan Plantagenet (daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster)
 

Notes for JOHN* MOWBRAY, 3RD BARON MOWBRAY:
John Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray

Title(s): Duke of St. Andrews (1789 cr)
King of Great Britain (1830 - 1837)

Marriage Notes for JOAN* PLANTAGENET and JOHN* MOWBRAY:
At age 15, Joan married John Mowbray, 3rd Baron Mowbray

Child of JOAN* PLANTAGENET and JOHN* MOWBRAY is:
123. i. SIR-JOHN*17 DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY, b. Abt. 1328; d. 09 Oct 1368, Killed in Battle near Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey.
 

108.  MAUD16 PLANTAGENET (HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1310, and died Bef. 05 May 1377 in Campsey Abbey, Suffolk, England of Natural Causes.  She married (1) WILLIAM DE BURGH, 3RD EARL OF ULSTER Abt. 1330.  He was born 1312, and died 06 Jun 1333 in Unknown place, Killed.  She married (2) RALPH DE UFFORD Bef. 06 Jul 1345.  He died 1346.

Child of MAUD PLANTAGENET and WILLIAM DE BURGH is:
 i. ELIZABETH (ISABELLA)17 DE BURGH.
 

Child of MAUD PLANTAGENET and RALPH DE UFFORD is:
 ii. MAUDE17 DE UFFORD.
 

109.  MARGARET16 DE BOHUN (ELIZABETH15 PLANTAGENET, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married HUGH COURTENAY, 2ND EARL OF DEVON.

Child of MARGARET DE BOHUN and HUGH COURTENAY is:
124. i. MARGARET17 COURTENAY.
 

110.  ELEANOR16 DE CLARE (JOAN OF ARCE15 PLANTAGENET, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1292, and died 1337.  She married HUGH LE DESPENSER, 1ST BARON DESPENCER.  He died 1326.

Child of ELEANOR DE CLARE and HUGH LE DESPENSER is:
 i. ISABEL17 DESPENSER.
 

111.  HENRY*16 PERCY, 1ST BARON PERCY (HENRY*15, WILLIAM*14, HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 1315.  He married ELEANOR* (FITZLAN) FITZ ALAN, daughter of JOHN* ALAN and ISABEL* MORTIMER.

Notes for HENRY* PERCY, 1ST BARON PERCY:
Henry Percy, 1st Baron Percy

Title(s): King of Sweden (1907 - 1950)

Notes for ELEANOR* (FITZLAN) FITZ ALAN:
Eleanor Fitzalan (sister of Richard, 6th Earl of Arundel)
 

Child of HENRY* PERCY and ELEANOR* ALAN is:
125. i. HENRY*17 PERCY, 2ND BARON PERCY, d. 26 Feb 1352.
 

Generation No. 17

112.  HENRY VI17 PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND (HENRY V19, HENRY IV18, JOHN*17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 06 Dec 1421 in Windsor Castle, Berkshire, England, and died 27 May 1471 in Murdered at the Tower of London, London, England.  He married OF ANJOU MARGARET 22 Apr 1445 in Titchfield Abbey, Hampshire, England, daughter of DUKE RENE and ISABELLE LORRAINE.  She was born in France, and died 25 Aug 1482 in In a house at Saumur, France.

Notes for HENRY VI PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND:
     The Book "Kings and Queens of England and Scotland" by Plantagenet Somerset Fry, Copyright 1999 Dorling Kindersley Limited, London Text copyright 1999 Plantagenet Somerset Fry, states on page 36 says: Henry VI ascended to the thrones of England and France in 1422. During his long reign, his own mind failed him more than once and he had to submit the kingdom to the rule of a Protector, Richard, Duke of York. This led to civil war and his throne was taken away from him by the Protector's son, Edward IV. in 1461, given back briefly in 1470, and taken away again in 1471. Weeks later Henry was murdered in the Tower of London.

NOTE: JOAN OF ARC; In 1422, Henry was King of a french people who had lost faith in their leaders and themselves. Their pride was restored by Joan of Arc, a young peasant girl from Domremy in eastern France. In 1429 Joan claimed to have had a vision from the Virgin Mary telling her to drive the English out of France so she began a campaign that was to see the English expelled from all France except Calais by 1453. In 1431during Henry VI's reign, in Rouen, France, the English captured Joan and burned her at the stake as a witch and heretic. Despite this, Henry VI, was known to be a gentile, kind and extremely generous but simple man incapable of deceit or craftiness. Throughout his life, Henry was deeply religious, a trait that manifested itself in his great enthusiasm for education and building.

     Henry was the only child of Henry V, and Catherine of France. He was only 8 mo. old when he became King. As the baby king, he presided over Parliament seated on his mother's lap. On one occasion in 1424, Henry threw a tantrum and refused to be taken to Windsor delaying Parliament by one day and forcing stay overs in Kingston and Kinnington. Henry was crowned king of England exactly one month before his eighth birthday, and two years later he was crowned king of France being the only English Claiment to the French throne to become de facto sovereign. Before came of age, however, English rule in France began a steady decline with Joan of Arc's campaign coupled with the death of John, Duke of Bedford and by 1453 only Calais remained his from his father Henry V's conquest won territories.
     It is said that Henry VI was a pathetic figure, afflicted with periods of mental derangement that he had inherited from his maternal grandfather Charles VI, "The Mad" King of France. He was much better suited for a life of piety and learning than he was for his life as a monarch and he is best remembered for his two great scholastic foundations, Eaton College and King's College in Cambridge. At the time his only son, Edward was born, he was in a bout with his mental illness and Richard, 3rd Duke of York, the next in line for the throne after Henry VI and his infant son, Edward, reigned as protector. Upon king, Henry VI recovering his sanity, in 1455, Richard was dismissed and Queen Margaret and Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, became all powerful.
     Open warfare broke out between rival branches of the royal family, the Lancastrians, whose family emblem was the red rose, and the Yorkists, whose family emblem was the white rose. Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset was killed at the first battle in May of 1455 which generated a pease of sorts, but four years later war again broke and Henry was captured and forced to recognize Richard, Duke of York as his heir to the exclusion of his own son Edward. Queen Margaret took no time in rallying the Lancastrians forces and won a victory at Wakefield in which Richard of York was slain on December 29th 1460, and a second battle at St. Albans on February 17, 1461 secured Henry's release. At this time Henry VI, was again in the throes of another bout of madness and as the battle raged, the king laughed and sang insanely. The triumph was short lived as during a snowstorm at Towton on March 29, little over a month later, The new Duke of York, Edward was defeated and Henry and Margaret fled to Scotland.
     Henry returned from Scotland in 1464 to take part in an attempt to regain the throne, but was captured and imprisoned in the Tower of London, where he languished for six years until a brief restoration was engineered by Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick (Known as 'Warwick the king-Maker'). This restoration  took place October 03, 1470, and Henry's second reign known as the 'readeption' lasted until April 11, 1471 when Edward IV, who had fled to his sister's in Burgundy returned and regained the throne. The final stand against Edward IV, occurred at Tewkesbury May 4th 147, when Edward Plantagenet was stabbed after the battle. The hapless King Henry was returned to the Tower, and died May 21, 1471. Some believe his death resulted from 'pure displeasure and melancholy although it is widely believed that he too had been stabbed. Queen Margaret was imprisoned that same day in the Tower but released in 1475 after her father had raised the ransom demanded by Edward IV. Henry was buried first at Chertsey Abbey, but was later moved St. George's Chapel, Windsor. A cause for the canonization of this most tragic English king has been made from time to time since his death.
     Henry's death marks the beginning of the reign of the kings of the House of York.
 

The book; British Kings & Queens Encyclopedia by Mike Ashley says that;
     Starting from 1453 Henry suffered recurrent bouts of melancholia and depression which at their most severe would find him lost in his own world, oblivious to his own surrounding and apparently imbecilic. The malady was almost certainly inherited from his maternal grandfather Charles VI of France who suffered similar bouts, and although the symptoms were not recognized at the time, they are so similar to those suffered by George III that it is likely that Henry also had porphyria.

NOTE: Porphyria is a hereditary illness which is a metabolic disorder which causes abdominal pains and mental confusion. It probably entered the royal blood of the English Kings by means of Catherine daughter of Charles VI of France. However, similar symptoms have been noted in the earlier monarchs and thus may have been in the blood of the kings of Saxon or even Celtic times.

Notes for OF ANJOU MARGARET:
     Queen Margaret was as strong and forceful as Henry was weak. After Henry's death, she was removed to Wallingford Castle where she was held for ransom. She was released in November of 1475 after the ransom was paid by her father. Margaret returned to France and died in comparative poverty in the house of an old family retainer at Saumur. Her burial is in Angers Cathedral with her parents.

Marriage Notes for HENRY PLANTAGENET and OF MARGARET:
     At age 23, Henry was married to Margaret by proxy at Nancy, and later he married her in person. The only child of this union was one, Edward, Prince of Wales, who was born during his father's first prolonged attack of insanity.

Child of HENRY PLANTAGENET and OF MARGARET is:
 i. EDWARD18 PLANTAGENET, PRINCE OF WALES, b. 13 Oct 1453, Westminster, London, England; d. 04 May 1471, Killed in Battle at Tewkesbury, Gloucestershire, England; m. ANNE NEVILLE, 25 Jul 1470; b. 11 Jun 1456, Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England; d. 16 Mar 1485, Westminster, London, England.

Notes for EDWARD PLANTAGENET, PRINCE OF WALES:
     Edward was born during his father's first prolonged attack of insanity.

Marriage Notes for EDWARD PLANTAGENET and ANNE NEVILLE:
     Queen Margaret had joined forces with Richard Neville and betrothed her son Edward to his daughter Anne. So, at age 14 Anne married Edward Plantagenet, Prince of Wales, who was age 17.
 

113.  EDWARD IV17 PLANTAGENET, KING OF ENGLAND (RICHARD19, RICHARD18, EDMUND17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1442, and died 1483.  He married ELIZABETH WYDVILLE.  She was born 1437, and died 1492.

Children of EDWARD PLANTAGENET and ELIZABETH WYDVILLE are:
 i. EDWARD V18 PLANTAGENET, b. 1470; d. 1483.
 ii. RICHARD III PLANTAGENET, DUKE OF YORK, b. 1473; d. 1483.
126. iii. ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET, OF YORK, b. 1466; d. 1503.
 

114.  LADY-MARGARET*17 NEVILLE (SIR-EDWARD*19, JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married JOHN* BROOKE, 7TH BARON LORD COBHAM, son of SIR-EDWARD* BROOKE and LADY-ELIZABETH* TUCHET.  He was born Abt. 1444, and died Bet. 1511 & 1512.

Child of LADY-MARGARET* NEVILLE and JOHN* BROOKE is:
127. i. SIR-THOMAS*18 BROOKE, 8TH BARON LORD COBHAM, b. Cobham Hall, England; d. 1539, Kent, England.
 

115.  HENRY17 PERCY, 3RD EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND (ELEANOR19 NEVILLE, JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married ELEANOR POYNINGS.

Child of HENRY PERCY and ELEANOR POYNINGS is:
128. i. MARGARET18 PERCY.
 

116.  MARGARET17 BEAUFORT (JOHN19, JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1443, and died 1509.  She married (1) THOMAS BARON STANLEY.    She married (2) EDMUND TUDOR, EARL OF RICHMOND, son of OWEN TUDOR and CATHERINE FRANCE.  He was born Abt. 1430, and died 1456.

Child of MARGARET BEAUFORT and EDMUND TUDOR is:
129. i. HENRY18 TUDOR VII, b. 1457; d. 1509.
 

117.  ANNE17 MORTIMER (ROGER19, PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1390, and died 1411.  She married RICHARD PLANTAGENET, EARL OF CAMBRIDGE, son of EDMUND PLANTAGENET and ISABELLA CASTILE.  He was born 1376, and died 1415.

Child is listed above under (87) Richard PLANTAGENET, Earl of Cambridge.

118.  HENRY17 PERCY, 2ND EARL OF NORTHUMBERLAND (ELIZABETH19 MORTIMER, PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married ELEANOR NEVILLE, daughter of RALPH* NEVILLE and JOAN* BEAUFORT.

Children are listed above under (98) Eleanor Neville.

119.  CATHERINE*17 HOWARD (LADY-MARGARET*19 DE MOWBRAY, SIR-THOMAS*18 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, ELIZABETH*17 DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK, MARGARET*16 PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF NORFOLK, THOMAS*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-EDWARD* NEVILLE, K.G. BARON LORD ABERGAVENNY, son of RALPH* NEVILLE and JOAN* BEAUFORT.  He died 18 Oct 1476.

Notes for SIR-EDWARD* NEVILLE, K.G. BARON LORD ABERGAVENNY:
        Sir Edward Nevill was a Knight of the Garter. (K. of G.) Edward was also known as (the Exile, son of King Edmund II)
Edmund II, King of the English

Child is listed above under (97) Sir-Edward* NEVILLE, K.G. Baron Lord Abergavenny.

120.  JOHN17 HOWARD, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK (LADY-MARGARET*19 DE MOWBRAY, SIR-THOMAS*18 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, ELIZABETH*17 DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK, MARGARET*16 PLANTAGENET, DUCHESS OF NORFOLK, THOMAS*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1420, and died 22 Aug 1485 in Killed in Battle, at Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England.  He married KATHERINE MOLEYNS.

Notes for JOHN HOWARD, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK:
John Howard, first Duke of Earl Marshal, Lord Howard-(b. c. 1430--d. Aug. 22, 1485, near Market Bosworth, Warwickshire, Eng.), English lord who supported the Yorkist kings in the Wars of the Roses.
John Howard was the son of Sir Robert Howard by his wife, Margaret, daughter of Thomas Mowbray, the 1st Duke of Norfolk of that family. In 1455 John Howard was sent to Parliament as member for Norfolk; in 1461 he was knighted; and in 1470, although he appears to have been a consistent Yorkist, he was created a baron by Henry VI. He was treasurer of the royal household from 1467 to 1474 and went to France with Edward IV in 1475. After Edward's death, however, Howard supported Richard III, who created him Duke of Norfolk and made him earl marshal of England in June 1483. He was killed at Bosworth Field while fighting for this king, and the title thus suffered attainder.
 

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica

Child of JOHN HOWARD and KATHERINE MOLEYNS is:
130. i. MARGARET18 HOWARD.
 

121.  RICHARD* FITZ17 ALAN, 9TH EARL OF ARUNDEL (ELEANOR*16 PLANTAGENET, (ELEANOR OF LANCASTER), HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1346, and died 21 Sep 1397 in Executed at theTower of London, England.  He married ELIZABETH* BOHUN 1359, daughter of WILLIAM* BOHUN and ELIZABETH* BADLESMERE.  She died 1385.

Notes for RICHARD* FITZ ALAN, 9TH EARL OF ARUNDEL:
       Richard Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel was the great great grandson of King Henry III of England.
 
 

Marriage Notes for RICHARD* ALAN and ELIZABETH* BOHUN:
Elizabeth married Richard Fitzalan, 9th Earl of Arundel, at age 13

Child of RICHARD* ALAN and ELIZABETH* BOHUN is:
131. i. LADY-ELIZABETH* FITZ18 ALAN, d. 1425.
 

122.  ALICE17 FITZALAN (ELEANOR*16 PLANTAGENET, (ELEANOR OF LANCASTER), HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1352 in Arundel Castle, West Sussex, England, and died 17 Mar 1416.  She married THOMAS HOLLAND, 2ND EARL OF KENT.

Child of ALICE FITZALAN and THOMAS HOLLAND is:
132. i. MARGARET18 HOLLAND, b. 1385; d. 30 Dec 1429.
 

123.  SIR-JOHN*17 DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY (JOAN*16 PLANTAGENET, HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1328, and died 09 Oct 1368 in Killed in Battle near Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey.  He married ELIZABETH* DE SEGRAVE, DUTCHES OF NORFOLK 1353, daughter of JOHN* DE SEGRAVE and MARGARET* PLANTAGENET.  She died 1399.

Notes for SIR-JOHN* DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY:
John Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray

Title(s): Duke of St. Andrews (1789 cr)
King of Great Britain (1830 - 1837)

Marriage Notes for SIR-JOHN* DE MOWBRAY and ELIZABETH* DE SEGRAVE:
At age 25, John married Elizabeth Segrave

Child is listed above under (74) Elizabeth* de SEGRAVE, Dutches of Norfolk.

124.  MARGARET17 COURTENAY (MARGARET16 DE BOHUN, ELIZABETH15 PLANTAGENET, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married JOHN COBHAM, 3RD BARON COBHAM.

Child of MARGARET COURTENAY and JOHN COBHAM is:
133. i. JOAN18 COBHAM.
 

125.  HENRY*17 PERCY, 2ND BARON PERCY (HENRY*16, HENRY*15, WILLIAM*14, HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 26 Feb 1352.  He married IDONIA* CLIFFORD, daughter of ROBERT* CLIFFORD, LORD CLIFFORD.

Notes for HENRY* PERCY, 2ND BARON PERCY:
Henry Percy, 2nd Baron Percy

Title(s): Earl of Ulster (1866 cr - 1st)
Duke of Edinburgh (1866 cr - 1st)
Duke of Strathearn (1866 cr - 1st)
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1893 - 1900)

Children of HENRY* PERCY and IDONIA* CLIFFORD are:
134. i. MAUD*18 PERCY.
 ii. HENRY PERCY, 3RD BARON PERCY, m. MARY PLANTAGENET; b. 1320; d. 02 Sep 1362.
 

Generation No. 18

126.  ELIZABETH18 PLANTAGENET, OF YORK (EDWARD IV20, RICHARD19, RICHARD18, EDMUND17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1466, and died 1503.  She married HENRY TUDOR VII, son of EDMUND TUDOR and MARGARET BEAUFORT.  He was born 1457, and died 1509.

Children of ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET and HENRY TUDOR are:
 i. ARTHUR19 TUDOR, b. 1486; d. 1502; m. KATHERINE OF ARAGON; b. 1485; d. 1536.
135. ii. MARGARET TUDOR, b. 1489; d. 1541.
 iii. HENRY TUDOR VIII, b. 1491; d. 1547; m. KATHERINE OF ARAGON, 11 Jun 1509, Greenwich Palace; b. 1485; d. 1536.
136. iv. MARY TUDOR, b. 1495; d. 1533.
 v. ELIZABETH TUDOR, b. 1492; d. 1495.
 vi. EDMUND TUDOR, b. 1499; d. 1500.
 vii. EDWARD TUDOR, d. Died Young.
 viii. KATHERINE TUDOR, b. 1503; d. 1503.
 

127.  SIR-THOMAS*18 BROOKE, 8TH BARON LORD COBHAM (LADY-MARGARET*20 NEVILLE, SIR-EDWARD*19, JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born in Cobham Hall, England, and died 1539 in Kent, England.  He married LADY-DOROTHY* HEYDON, daughter of SIR-HENRY* HEYDON and ANNE* BOLEYN.  She was born in Cobham Hall, England.

Children of SIR-THOMAS* BROOKE and LADY-DOROTHY* HEYDON are:
137. i. LADY-ELIZABETH*19 BROOKE, b. Abt. 1503, Cobham Hall, Kent Co., England; d. Abt. 1560, England.
138. ii. GEORGE BROOKE, 9TH BARON COBHAM.
 

128.  MARGARET18 PERCY (HENRY21, HENRY20, ELIZABETH19 MORTIMER, PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-WILLIAM GASCOIGNE.

Children of MARGARET PERCY and SIR-WILLIAM GASCOIGNE are:
139. i. AGNES19 GASCOIGNE.
140. ii. MARGARET GASCOIGNE.
 

129.  HENRY18 TUDOR VII (MARGARET20 BEAUFORT, JOHN19, JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1457, and died 1509.  He married ELIZABETH PLANTAGENET, OF YORK, daughter of EDWARD PLANTAGENET and ELIZABETH WYDVILLE.  She was born 1466, and died 1503.

Children are listed above under (126) Elizabeth PLANTAGENET, of York.

130.  MARGARET18 HOWARD (JOHN20, LADY-MARGARET*19 DE MOWBRAY, SIR-THOMAS*18 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, SIR-JOHN*17 DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY, JOAN*16 PLANTAGENET, HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-JOHN WYNDHAM.

Child of MARGARET HOWARD and SIR-JOHN WYNDHAM is:
141. i. SIR-THOMAS19 WYNDHAM.
 

131.  LADY-ELIZABETH* FITZ18 ALAN (RICHARD* FITZ17, ELEANOR*16 PLANTAGENET, (ELEANOR OF LANCASTER), HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) died 1425.  She married SIR-THOMAS* MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK 1384, son of SIR-JOHN* DE MOWBRAY and ELIZABETH* DE SEGRAVE.  He was born Abt. 1362, and died 22 Sep 1399 in Venice, Italy.

Notes for SIR-THOMAS* MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK:
Thomas Mowbray,  (K. of G.) Knight of the Garter and First Duke of Norfolk, Earl of Nottingham, Earl Marshal-(b. c. 1366--d. Sept. 22, 1399, Venice [Italy]), English lord whose quarrel with Henry of Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV, reigned 1399-1413), was a critical episode in the events leading to the overthrow of King Richard II (reigned 1377-99) by Bolingbroke. The quarrel dominates the first act of William Shakespeare's play Richard II.
The son of John, 4th Lord Mowbray, Thomas was made Earl of Nottingham in 1383. Several years later he joined the group of powerful nobles--known as the lords appellant--who from 1387 to 1389 forced Richard II to submit to their authority. Nevertheless, after Richard regained power, he employed Mowbray on military and diplomatic missions. In 1397 Richard arrested three leading appellants, including Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester. Committed to Mowbray's charge, Gloucester was mysteriously murdered, possibly on orders from Richard.

Although Mowbray was then created Duke of Norfolk in 1397, he feared that the king would have him arrested for his earlier disloyalty. He confided these fears to Bolingbroke, who immediately denounced him to Richard as a traitor. Mowbray denied the charges and, as the two men were about to decide the dispute by duel, Richard intervened and banished them both (Sept. 16, 1398). Norfolk died in Italy shortly before Bolingbroke forced Richard to abdicate.

Duke of Norfolk and former trusted ally of the king in Shakespeare's Richard II. Despite his past service to the king, Mowbray's violent dispute with Henry Bolingbroke sets in motion the chain of events that ends in Richard's deposition and murder.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica
 
 

Marriage Notes for LADY-ELIZABETH* ALAN and SIR-THOMAS* MOWBRAY:
At age 22 Sir Thomas Mowbery married Elizabeth Fitzalan

Children are listed above under (88) Sir-Thomas* MOWBRAY, 1st Duke of Norfolk.

132.  MARGARET18 HOLLAND (ALICE17 FITZALAN, ELEANOR*16 PLANTAGENET, (ELEANOR OF LANCASTER), HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1385, and died 30 Dec 1429.  She married JOHN BEAUFORT, EARL OF SOMERSET Aft. 28 Sep 1397, son of JOHN* PLANTAGENET and KATHERINE* ROUET.  He was born Abt. 1372, and died 1410.

Children are listed above under (85) John Beaufort, Earl of Somerset.

133.  JOAN18 COBHAM (MARGARET17 COURTENAY, MARGARET16 DE BOHUN, ELIZABETH15 PLANTAGENET, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-JOHN DE LA POLE.

Child of JOAN COBHAM and SIR-JOHN LA POLE is:
142. i. JOAN DE19 LA POLE, BARONESS COBHAM.
 

134.  MAUD*18 PERCY (HENRY*17, HENRY*16, HENRY*15, WILLIAM*14, HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married JOHN* NEVILL, K.G., 3RD BARON NEVILLE OF RABY 1364, son of RALPH* NEVILLE and ALICE* AUDLEY.  He was born Aft. 1341, and died 17 Oct 1388 in Newcastle upon Tyne, Tyne and Wear, England.

Notes for JOHN* NEVILL, K.G., 3RD BARON NEVILLE OF RABY:
Title(s): Duke of Edinburgh
Duke of Strathearn
Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Child of MAUD* PERCY and JOHN* NEVILL is:
143. i. RALPH*19 NEVILLE, 1ST EARL OF WESTMORELAND, b. Abt. 1364; d. 1425.
 

Generation No. 19

135.  MARGARET19 TUDOR (HENRY21, MARGARET20 BEAUFORT, JOHN19, JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1489, and died 1541.  She married JAMES IV OF SCOTLAND.

Child of MARGARET TUDOR and JAMES SCOTLAND is:
144. i. JAMES V OF20 SCOTLAND, b. 1512; d. 1542.
 

136.  MARY19 TUDOR (HENRY21, MARGARET20 BEAUFORT, JOHN19, JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1495, and died 1533.  She married (1) LOUIS XII KING OF FRANCE.  He was born 1462, and died 1515.  She married (2) CHARLES DUKE OF SUFFOLK.  He was born 1484, and died 1545.

Children of MARY TUDOR and CHARLES SUFFOLK are:
 i. HENRY EARL OF20 LINCOLN, b. 1516; d. 1534.
145. ii. FRANCES, b. 1517; d. 1559.
146. iii. ELEANOR, b. 1519; d. 1547.
 

137.  LADY-ELIZABETH*19 BROOKE (SIR-THOMAS*21, LADY-MARGARET*20 NEVILLE, SIR-EDWARD*19, JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1503 in Cobham Hall, Kent Co., England, and died Abt. 1560 in England.  She married SIR-THOMAS* (POET TO HENRY VIII) WYATT Abt. 1520, son of SIR-HENRY* WYATT and ANNE* SKINNER.  He was born 1503 in Allington Castle, near Maidstone, Boxley Parish, Kent Co., England, and died 06 Oct 1542 in Sherborne, Dorset, England of a fever while on a mission for the King.

Notes for LADY-ELIZABETH* BROOKE:
Book: The Ancestry of Stuart William Gill and His Wife Mary Katherine Ault Gill by Mary Katherine Ault Gill Pub. by Stone Distributing Signal Mountain, TN 37377, Copyright 1993. Mary Katherine Ault Gill is a Member of the Order of the Crown of Charlemagne in the USA., National Society of Mayflower Descendants, Daughters of the American Revolution, Colonial Dames of the XVII Century, Magna Charta Dames, Daughters of the War of 1812, New England Historic Genealogical Society, Signal Mountain Genealogical Society. Page 244 states;

Through the marriages of ancestral English Monarchs, Lady Elizabeth Brooke, wife of Sir Thomas Wyatt, is descended from rulers of Scotland, Wales, France, Spain, Italy, Germany, Russia, Jersalem, Poland, Denmark, and many small kingdoms that vanished long ago. Even a Persian princess was found in the line of descent. Frequently descent from two wives (or a wife and a mistress) of a king occurs, as in the case of Edward I and his two wives, Eleanor of Castile and Marguerite of France. It is not unusual to find descent from several of an ancestor's children. The signers of the Magna Carta were also of royal blood and descended from Charlemagne. Their families were closely connected by marriages.

Notes for SIR-THOMAS* (POET TO HENRY VIII) WYATT:
Colonial Families of the Southern States of America Second Edition by; STELLA PICKETT HARDY, Pub. 1991, relates as follows:

   SIR THOMAS WIATT, of Allington Castle, Kent Co., England, b. about 1503; d. Oct. 11, 1542, at Sherborne; entered St. John's College, Cambridge, in 1515, received his B. A. in 1518, and M. A. in
1520; officiated for his father, as Ewerer at the Coronation of Ann Boleyn, in 1533, and in consequence fell into temporary disgrace with the King on her account. He was High Sheriff of Kent Co. in 1537,
and the same year he was sent as Minister to Spain; was charged with treasonable correspondence with Cardinal Pole, and was placed under arrest in 1540 or 1541. Of this charge he was soon acquitted
and restored to high favor with Henry VIII., who bestowed upon him Allington Castle, in Allington on the Medway, Cadnor Castle, Abbots' Court, Coome Manor, the Manor of Hoo, all in Kent Co., and broad
lands and estates in Maidstone, Kent and other counties. He was a distinguished poet, his works which consisted of love elegies and odes, have been greatly admired, and were first published with those of Lord Surrey.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica says:

     Wyat also spelled WYATT (b. 1503, Allington, near Maidstone, Kent, Eng.--d. Oct. 6, 1542, Sherborne, Dorset), poet who introduced the Italian sonnet and terza rima verse form and the French rondeau into English literature.
Wyat was educated at St. John's, Cambridge, and became a member of the court circle of Henry VIII, where he seems to have been popular and admired for his attractive appearance and skill in music, languages, and arms. During his career, he served a number of diplomatic missions and was knighted in 1537, but his fame rests on his poetic achievements, particularly his songs. His poems are unusual for their time in carrying a strong sense of individuality. They consist of Certayne Psalmes . . . drawen into Englyshe meter (1549); three satires, and Songes and Sonettes, published in Tottel's Miscellany (1557); and songs identified in manuscript, published in 19th- and 20th-century editions.

NOTE:  You can see some of Sir Thomas' poetry by visiting this Internet Link....
      <http://www.library.utoronto.ca/utel/rp/authors/wyatt.html>

 On this website, you will see a complete listing of his works and be able to click on each entry to read the words of each. Enjoy! That site also gives us this information.....

Sir Thomas Wyatt was born at Allington Castle, Kent, in 1503, the son of Henry Wyatt and Anne
Skinner. He was educated at St. John's College Cambridge, become a diplomat in the service of
Henry VIII about 1526 and travelled to Italy first in 1527. After a brief imprisonment for his affair
with Anne Boleyn in 1536, the king's second wife who was executed for treason, Wyatt went to
Spain as English ambassador to Charles V from 1537 to 1539. In 1541, after the fall of Thomas
Cromwell, Wyatt was arrested again and charged with treason but his release followed shortly. He
died October 11, 1542, and was buried at Sherborne. Having separated from his wife Elizabeth
Brooke, daughter of Lord Cobham, Wyatt was survived by his mistress Elizabeth Darrell and their
son Francis.

     In his book titled 'The Poetry of Sir Thomas Wyatt' Tillyard says, "The credit of evolving the Shakespearean form is thus almost entirely due to Wyatt." Much of his poetry was written to be performed to music.

Marriage Notes for LADY-ELIZABETH* BROOKE and SIR-THOMAS* WYATT:
     It is through this marriage that Wyatt descendants are connected to most of the Kingdoms of the Western world, and there is even a Persian princess in the lineage. This marriage was unsuccessful, and after the birth of Sir Thomas Wyatt, "the Younger," and a daughter, Sir Thomas separated from Lady Elizabeth Brooke. With one source stating she was unfaithful in the marriage.

Children of LADY-ELIZABETH* BROOKE and SIR-THOMAS* WYATT are:
147. i. SIR-THOMAS* (THE YOUNGER)20 WYATT, b. 1522, Allington Castle, near Maidstone, Boxley Parish, Kent, England; d. 11 Apr 1554, Executed at Tower Hill, London, England (Beheaded in the Tower of London).
 ii. FRANCES WYATT, b. Abt. 1521; d. 16 Jul 1578; m. (1) THOMAS LIGHE; m. (2) WILLIAM PATRYCKSON.
 

138.  GEORGE19 BROOKE, 9TH BARON COBHAM (SIR-THOMAS*21, LADY-MARGARET*20 NEVILLE, SIR-EDWARD*19, JOAN*18 BEAUFORT, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married ANNE BRAY.

Child of GEORGE BROOKE and ANNE BRAY is:
148. i. WILLIAM20 BROOKE, 10TH BARON COBHAM.
 

139.  AGNES19 GASCOIGNE (MARGARET22 PERCY, HENRY21, HENRY20, ELIZABETH19 MORTIMER, PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-THOMAS FAIRFAX.

Child of AGNES GASCOIGNE and SIR-THOMAS FAIRFAX is:
149. i. SIR-NICHOLAS20 FAIRFAX.
 

140.  MARGARET19 GASCOIGNE (MARGARET22 PERCY, HENRY21, HENRY20, ELIZABETH19 MORTIMER, PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married RALPH OGLE, 3RD BARON OGLE.

Child of MARGARET GASCOIGNE and RALPH OGLE is:
150. i. DOROTHY20 OGLE.
 

141.  SIR-THOMAS19 WYNDHAM (MARGARET21 HOWARD, JOHN20, LADY-MARGARET*19 DE MOWBRAY, SIR-THOMAS*18 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, SIR-JOHN*17 DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY, JOAN*16 PLANTAGENET, HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married ELEANOR SCROPE.

Children of SIR-THOMAS WYNDHAM and ELEANOR SCROPE are:
151. i. MARGARET20 WYNDHAM.
152. ii. MARY WYNDHAM.
 

142.  JOAN DE19 LA POLE, BARONESS COBHAM (JOAN18 COBHAM, MARGARET17 COURTENAY, MARGARET16 DE BOHUN, ELIZABETH15 PLANTAGENET, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-REGINALD BRAYBROOKE.

Child of JOAN LA POLE and SIR-REGINALD BRAYBROOKE is:
153. i. JOAN20 BRAYBROOKE.
 

143.  RALPH*19 NEVILLE, 1ST EARL OF WESTMORELAND (MAUD*18 PERCY, HENRY*17, HENRY*16, HENRY*15, WILLIAM*14, HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born Abt. 1364, and died 1425.  He married (1) MARGARET STAFFORD.  She died 09 Jun 1396.  He married (2) JOAN* BEAUFORT 03 Feb 1397, daughter of JOHN* PLANTAGENET and KATHERINE* ROUET.  She was born Abt. 1379 in Beaufort Castle, Anjou, France, and died 13 Nov 1440 in of Natural Causes at Howden, Humberside, England.

Notes for JOAN* BEAUFORT:
Joan Beaufort (daughter of John of Gaunt)
 
 

Marriage Notes for RALPH* NEVILLE and JOAN* BEAUFORT:
     At age 18, Joan married Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmoreland, who was age 33.

Children of RALPH* NEVILLE and MARGARET STAFFORD are:
 i. ALICE20 NEVILLE.
 ii. ANNE NEVILLE.
 iii. ELIZABETH NEVILLE.
 iv. JOHN NEVILLE, d. 1423; m. ELIZABETH HOLLAND, Bef. 1404.
 v. MARGARET NEVILLE.
 vi. MARJORY NEVILLE.
 vii. MAUD NEVILLE.
 viii. PHILIPPA NEVILLE.
 ix. RALPH NEVILLE.
 

Children are listed above under (83) Joan* BEAUFORT.

Generation No. 20

144.  JAMES V OF20 SCOTLAND (MARGARET22 TUDOR, HENRY21, MARGARET20 BEAUFORT, JOHN19, JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1512, and died 1542.  He married (1) MARY OF GUISE.  She was born 1515, and died 1560.  He married (2) MISTRESS.

Child of JAMES SCOTLAND and MARY GUISE is:
154. i. MARY QUEEN OF21 SCOTTS, b. 1542; d. 1587.
 

Children of JAMES SCOTLAND and MISTRESS are:
 ii. ROBERT EARL OF21 ORKNEY, b. 1533; d. 1591.
 iii. JAMES EARL OF MORAY, b. 1531; d. 1570.
 

145.  FRANCES20 (MARY22 TUDOR, HENRY21, MARGARET20 BEAUFORT, JOHN19, JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1517, and died 1559.  She married HENRY GREY.  He was born 1517, and died 1554.

Children of FRANCES and HENRY GREY are:
 i. JANE21 GREY, b. 1537; d. 1554; m. GUILFORD DUDLEY; b. 1536; d. 1554.
 ii. MARY GREY, b. 1545; d. 1578.
 iii. KATHERINE GREY, b. 1540; d. 1568.
 

146.  ELEANOR20 (MARY22 TUDOR, HENRY21, MARGARET20 BEAUFORT, JOHN19, JOHN18, JOHN*17 PLANTAGENET, OF GAUNT, DUKE OF LANCASTER, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1519, and died 1547.  She married HENRY CLIFFORD EARL OF CUMBERLAND.  He was born 1517, and died 1570.

Child of ELEANOR and HENRY CUMBERLAND is:
 i. MARGARET21 CLIFFORD, m. HENRY STANLEY LORD OF MAN.
 

147.  SIR-THOMAS* (THE YOUNGER)20 WYATT (LADY-ELIZABETH*23 BROOKE, SIR-THOMAS*22, LADY-MARGARET*21 NEVILLE, SIR-EDWARD*20, RALPH*19, MAUD*18 PERCY, HENRY*17, HENRY*16, HENRY*15, WILLIAM*14, HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1) was born 1522 in Allington Castle, near Maidstone, Boxley Parish, Kent, England, and died 11 Apr 1554 in Executed at Tower Hill, London, England (Beheaded in the Tower of London).  He married LADY-JANE* HAUTE / HAWTE 1537, daughter of SIR-WILLIAM* HAUTE and MARIE* GUILDFORD.  She was born 1522 in Bishopourne, Kent Co., England, and died 1600 in England.

Notes for SIR-THOMAS* (THE YOUNGER) WYATT:
Wyat also spelled WYATT (b. c. 1521--d. April 11, 1554, London), English soldier and conspirator who led an unsuccessful rebellion against Queen Mary I, probably the most formidable uprising ever faced by a Tudor monarch.
     Wyat's father was the renowned poet and diplomat Sir Thomas Wyat. As a young man he acquired a reputation for recklessness, and in 1543 he was briefly imprisoned for taking part in a London street riot. From 1543 to 1549 or 1550, he served in the army abroad--especially in France--achieving recognition as a skillful and daring officer.

Wyat then returned to England and in 1551 served as sheriff in Kent, where he formed his own rudimentary military organization. On King Edward VI's death (July 1553) he supported the accession of Mary, a Roman Catholic, but by the end of the year he turned against the Queen, considering her proposed marriage to the future king Philip II of Spain to be an affront to England's national honour. He accordingly joined several others, including Lady Jane Grey's father, the Duke of Suffolk, in a conspiracy against the crown. The plot was revealed to Mary's lord chancellor, Stephen Gardiner, by the Earl of Devon, one of the conspirators, at the end of January 1554, with the result that of the conspirators only Wyat succeeded in raising an army. At first the government offered to negotiate with him, but it soon decided to suppress the insurgents. A force under the command of Thomas Howard, the aged duke of Norfolk, who was sent to put down the rebellion, largely defected to Wyat.

On Feb. 3, 1554, Wyat entered the outskirts of London with some 3,000 men. He advanced swiftly to the centre of the city, but his troops became disheartened when the populace did not join their cause. Confronted by the royal forces, Wyat surrendered after a brief engagement. He was tried on March 15 and executed less than a month later. To the last, Mary's partisans made strenuous but unsuccessful efforts to persuade him to implicate Princess (afterward Queen) Elizabeth in his conspiracy. After his death he and his followers were widely regarded as patriots and martyrs by a populace that was becoming increasingly repelled by Mary's persecution of Protestants.

Copyright 1994-1998 Encyclopaedia Britannica

Colonial Families of the Southern States of America Second Editionb by; STELLA PICKETT HARDY; Pub. 1991, relates as follows:

SIR THOMAS WIATT (the younger), of Allington Castle, Kent Co., England, was a zealous Protestant, and attempted to raise a rebellion against Queen Mary, in order to prevent her alliance with Philip of Spain. He was taken prisoner, found guilty of treason, and executed, April 11, 1554, and his estates and titles were confiscated. Later some portion of his estates were restored to Lady Jane Wiatt, (m. 1537; hand written entry) nee Lady Jane Haute, dau. of Sir William Haute, of Bourne, Kent Co., England. They had but one son that lived to manhood.

Book: The Ancestry of Stuart William Gill and his wife Mary Katherine Ault Gill pub. 1993 says: SIR THOMAS WIATT was not as fortunate in his association with the rulers of England as was his famous father. Little is written about his life, except that of his part in the rebellion against the marriage of Queen Mary to Phillip of Spain. Philpott writes of this saying: ..... with an unbroken though calamitous virtue, thinking it a lesse stain to forfeit his estate than to debauch his conscience, stuck close to the Sacramental Covenant by which he and the rest of the Counsel had oblieged themselves to Henry VII to preserve as much as in them lay his two daughters, Mary and Elizabeth, from confederating with any foreign alliance, and so engaged in that design which overset him and his patrimony into that ruine.
For this rebellion, Sir Thomas Wyatt was sent to the Tower and was beheaded 11 April 1554. His estates, consisting of the following properties were confiscated: Allington Castle and the Abbey; the Manors of Boxley, Newnham Court, Thorne (Thornham), Ovenhill, Aylesford, East Farley, West Farley, Teston and East Pickham. 'The History of Boxley Parish' states that Queen Elizabeth granted a revocation of the Bill of Attainder in favor of George, Sir Thomas's eldest son, and the representative of the house, and restored to him a portion of the old estate, and three years after granted the Abbey-House and the adjoining land to the widowed mother, with reversion to her son George, and the same year gave to her other son, Edward, another outlying portion of the confiscated property.

Children of SIR-THOMAS* WYATT and LADY-JANE* HAWTE are:
155. i. SIR-GEORGE*21 WYATT, b. 1550, Born Ancestral Home the Allington Castle in Kent Co., England; d. Sep 1625, Boxley Parish, Kent Co., England.
156. ii. JANE WYATT.
157. iii. ANNE WYATT, b. 1542; d. 1592.
 iv. EDWARD WYATT.
 v. FRANCES WYATT, m. SIR THOMAS LEIGH.
 vi. RICHARD WYATT.
 vii. HENRY WYATT.
 viii. CHARLES WYATT.
 ix. ARTHUR WYATT.
 x. JOCOSA WYATT.
 xi. URSULA WYATT.
 

148.  WILLIAM20 BROOKE, 10TH BARON COBHAM (GEORGE23, SIR-THOMAS*22, LADY-MARGARET*21 NEVILLE, SIR-EDWARD*20, RALPH*19, MAUD*18 PERCY, HENRY*17, HENRY*16, HENRY*15, WILLIAM*14, HENRY*13, AGNES*12, WILLIAM*11, EMMA*10 DE GAUNT, GILBERT*9, BALDWIN* VI 'THE PEACEABLE' COUNT OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married FRANCES NEWTON.

Child of WILLIAM BROOKE and FRANCES NEWTON is:
158. i. MARGARET21 BROOKE.
 

149.  SIR-NICHOLAS20 FAIRFAX (AGNES23 GASCOIGNE, MARGARET22 PERCY, HENRY21, HENRY20, ELIZABETH19 MORTIMER, PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  He married JANE PALMES.

Child of SIR-NICHOLAS FAIRFAX and JANE PALMES is:
159. i. MARY21 FAIRFAX.
 

150.  DOROTHY20 OGLE (MARGARET23 GASCOIGNE, MARGARET22 PERCY, HENRY21, HENRY20, ELIZABETH19 MORTIMER, PHILIPPA18 PLANTAGENET, OF CLARENCE, LIONEL17, EDWARD*16, EDWARD*15, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-THOMAS FORSTER.

Child of DOROTHY OGLE and SIR-THOMAS FORSTER is:
160. i. ELEANOR21 FORSTER.
 

151.  MARGARET20 WYNDHAM (SIR-THOMAS22, MARGARET21 HOWARD, JOHN20, LADY-MARGARET*19 DE MOWBRAY, SIR-THOMAS*18 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, SIR-JOHN*17 DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY, JOAN*16 PLANTAGENET, HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-ANDREW LUTTRELL.

Children of MARGARET WYNDHAM and SIR-ANDREW LUTTRELL are:
161. i. SIR-JOHN21 LUTTRELL.
162. ii. MARGARET LUTTRELL.
 

152.  MARY20 WYNDHAM (SIR-THOMAS22, MARGARET21 HOWARD, JOHN20, LADY-MARGARET*19 DE MOWBRAY, SIR-THOMAS*18 MOWBRAY, 1ST DUKE OF NORFOLK, SIR-JOHN*17 DE MOWBRAY, 4TH BARON MOWBRAY, JOAN*16 PLANTAGENET, HENRY*15, EDMUND*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married ERASMUS PASTON.

Child of MARY WYNDHAM and ERASMUS PASTON is:
163. i. FRANCES21 PASTON.
 

153.  JOAN20 BRAYBROOKE (JOAN DE19 LA POLE, BARONESS COBHAM, JOAN18 COBHAM, MARGARET17 COURTENAY, MARGARET16 DE BOHUN, ELIZABETH15 PLANTAGENET, EDWARD*14, HENRY*13, JOHN*12, HENRY*11, MATILDA* "MAUDE"10 CURTHOSE, EMPRESS OF ENGLAND, HENRY*9, MATILDA* OF8 FLANDERS, ADELA*7 CAPET, (ADELAIDE) OF FRANCE, ROBERT*6, ADELAIDE* OF5 POITOU, GUILLAUMEL*4 III, DUKE OF AQUITAINE, EBLE* MANZER COUNT OF3 POITIERS, RAMNULF*2 MANZERI, COUNT OF POITIERS, RAMNULF*1)  She married SIR-THOMAS BROOKE.

Child of JOAN BRAYBROOKE and SIR-THOMAS BROOKE is:
164. i. ELIZABETH 21 BROOKE.

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