OUR PINCKARD FAMILY
"Pinckard" is a very old name and first comes to light in Normandy as
probably from "Pinchardon" or "Punchardon". Pinckards are listed
in the roll
Battle Abbey in the Battle of Hastings, England, 1066, as nobles
case not the
largest landowners) where they were also shown as "Picard" and
The earliest mention of a Pinckard so far found in England after the
Hastings is in a public record of 1272: Albreda Pinckard. The Pinckards
held land in
Northamptonshire as early as 1346.
They owned Ascote in Patteshall and Grimscote in Cold Higham from 1570
1809. They owned land at Caldicote from 1748 to at least 1873 when this
The family's ancient seal dating from 1363 was a Fleur-de-lis and the
in the late 19th century was Combe Court, Godalming, Surrey, England.
The earliest mention of a Pinchard coming to North America was in 1655
William Wright brought Thomas Pinchard over to Nansemond Co.,
Our earliest direct ancestor was Captain John Pinckard (1) who was a
Lancaster County, Virginia, and in 1688 was a member of the
House of Burgesses.
He married Elizabeth ________, who had been born in England about 1642.
had three sons: John (2), Thomas (2), James (2) and four daughters
Elisabeth (2), Martha (2), and Margaret (2). Capt. John died about 1690
sum of money. He would have left more had not so many people owed him.
His son, John (2), married Mary Doggett. They had four sons, Thomas
(3), James (3), John (2) and a daughter, Judith (3). John (2)
and his brother,
(2) served as justices of the peace and in various other public
a member and a vestry man in the still existing beautiful little
south of Kilnarmock, Lancaster County, Virginia.
John (2) died in 1734. His son, William (3), also married a Mary and
were: Spencer (4), Jeduthan (4), James (4), William (4), Thomas
(4) and daughter,
Amy (4). William (3) died in 1762, probably in Lancaster Co., Virginia.
It was probably about this time that the Pinckards began to go west and
land was wearing out from tobacco planting. During the 17th
century so much
tobacco was planted due to the demand in Europe, the people came close
because they hadn't planted enough corn. There also wasn't enough land
to go around
to all the sons of the families who lived in the Tidelands and besides
there was all
that beautiful land in the Valley of Virginia, the Shenandoah and
further west in Kentucky.
The British said they couldn't go there, but since no one
was using it, except some Indians and when did that ever stop
development. In the
South the Pinckards settled in North and South Carolina, Louisiana and
Some continued on to southern Alabama where they founded the
little town of
The town history doesn't give any clues as to who the Pinckard founders
uncle, James C. (Jim) Pinckard met a man there running the gas
more like his brother, my uncle, Joseph A. (Jay) Pinckard than he did.
mother was a Pinckard, but there was no connection as far as they knew.
(My uncle Jay was a plant pathologist and biologist at the U. of L.,
He spent a lot of time in the mountains of West Virginia and Alabama.
taken aback and finally amused at how often upon learning his
name, he would
asked, "Be ye one of the 'drinkin' Pinckards?" He wasn't but he got
some of them and noted how often their families had the same
etc. as other Pinckards had.)
There is another very charming little village just southwest of
Kentucky, close to the famous Calumet Horse Farms with the name of
is a large Southern Baptist church there and not much else. The village
from 1888 to 1932 and at sometime in its past was known as Satansville.
Pinckard for whom the village was named a saint or a euphemism?
Our Pinckards settled in Fauquier County, Virginia. The censuses of the
listed horses and slaves but not wives or children. Most of the
had one or
two horses and very few had slaves.
The records are somewhat elusive at this point. They didn't keep very
on the frontier of that time. Many of them were moving around a
lot and the
courthouse was often miles and mountains ranges away. A good
number of the
courthouses and records were burned in the Civil War.
It was William's (3) son, William (4) Pinckard, who settled in
Fauquier Co. with
some of his brothers. He married Mildred Dodd, the daughter of
from an old Welsh family.
William (4) Pinckard is one of the most litigious men I have run
our day and age. He was often in court suing and being sued for one
another sometimes for having a big mouth! This William died in Fauquier
I believe Nathaniel was probably the son of William (4) though I have
found documentation for it nor have two other people who are searching
it as well
(1992). All I have to go on at this point is that he is
the first Nathaniel
in the Pinckard
family and his two oldest children were named William and
Mildred. It was
custom to name the two oldest children after grandparents.
was in the
right place at the right time.
William's (4) will (Faq. Will Bk. 3, pg. 294) left everything to his
wife, Mildred ,
and at her decease, "to be disposed of among her children". Some have
because it didn't say our children, it might mean that they weren't
haven't found any evidence that Mildred was married before
and so I'm going
circumstantial evidence and the naming customs of that
time to suggest that
(4) is Nathaniel's father. Nathaniel (5) was born in 1771,
probably in Fauquier
was received on trial as a Methodist Episcopal minister
and was assigned
Lovely Lane Methodist Church of Baltimore, Maryland to the
Virginia, June 1790. In 1791 he was ordained and assigned
to the West Indies
he headed the Methodist Academy in Kingston, Jamaica, for several
world dept.: Two of my coworkers at Partners International in San Jose
discovered we had ancestors who were in Jamaica at approximately that
One was a Presbyterian missionary from Scotland and the other a freed
Nathaniel returned home and married Lucy Coleman Green (1771-1822). She
was the sixth of eight children, seven girls and one boy. Her father
Green who was born ca. 1728 in Essex County, Virginia, and died
sometime in the
probably in Culpeper Co. (That area was growing so fast that new
were made out of old ones very rapidly so that someone living in the
have lived in two or three different counties in a lifetime.)
Lucy's mother was Ann Coleman, who was born in Caroline Co., Virginia,
who died in 1804 in Culpeper County. Her ancestry can be traced back
many generations to royal houses of England and Europe.
William Green was the eldest of the seven "red Green" brothers. They
"red hair and beards as became their mixed Welsh and Scotch blood."
them and many of their grandchildren moved into Kentucky and points
early in the opening of that area when it was still a very
fearsome place to take
William had inherited the large family estate located near Brandy
Station in the
beautiful, softly rolling hills of Culpeper County. His father,
left a large acreage of land to each of his sons. He certainly did his
no favor leaving the home estate to him. It was so severely entailed
that if William
and his eldest son who would inherit it died, it went to
William's next eldest
It could not be legally transferred to anyone other than those
There were also debts against it. But it didn't stay in William's
after his widow died in 1804 in spite of his father's will. However
he died in the
early 1770's, William left his wife a good income. In spite of
also left money for the education of his son and his daughters,
especially for that time. It was not the only time in our family
were encouraged to get an education.
William was a colonel in the Orange (later Culpeper) Co. militia and
against the Indians in northern Virginia during the 1750's. In
1763 he administered
oath of allegiance to King George III that the militia took, but
petitioned against the imposition of the Stamp Act, resigning his
He was a vestryman of the historic St. Mark's Parish (Anglican) from
1749 to his
death, having taken over from his father at his death.
Ann Coleman's mother, was Elizabeth Wyatt (1705-1772). She was
from the Rev. Hawte Wyatt (1594-1638), the brother of Sir Francis Wyatt
1644) of Allington Castle, Kent, England, which is now a Carmelite
Francis was a founding governor of Jamestown Colony, Virginia. Hawte
years as chaplain of the Colony in the early 1600's when his
Several of his children
came back to Virginia after he went home to England.
Their ancestor, Sir Thomas Wyatt (1503-1542), was a poet and courtier
court who came very near to losing his head because of Henry VIII's
regarding one of his wives, Anne Boleyn. Sir Thomas was a direct
Edward III of England who must have left more known descendants than
else in history, except possibly Adam. Our line then goes back through
a lot of
Normans, Vikings, Saxons, Visigoths and Ostrogoths through Charlemagne
and Clodion the Hairy Gaul. (See the Pinckard-Wyatt line.)
There are also the early kings of France, Germany, Scots and Picts, the
the Holy Roman Empire. Actually it's a wonder any of us are here when
history of these people.
While I've found nary a horse thief in our later ancestry, there were
people earlier who plotted against each other, sometimes using very
quite awful ways of disposing of their enemies who would probably have
same things to them.
One early English chief was thrown into a pit of adders. Then there
plagues, wars of all kinds and horrors of horrors, no soap made in
1620. Even the nobles bathed only once a year and then reluctantly. One
prince was held in the Tower of London, and having a French mother,
that his sheets hadn't been changed for two years. He was
considered picky picky!
But there were also marvelous people real leaders, kings and queens and
who brought a better kind of life to their constituents. There were
interested in music and the arts, in science and who introduced
whatever reason) into what is now France, Sweden, Spain and
course the majority of our ancestors were never heard of, but it took
hard work on the part of those who ventured into unknown lands and new
as many of them did. And here we are!
According to lone Mestre Pinckard (MU), the
Pinckards were very proud of their
Scottish ancestry, though they never mentioned having royal
is reputed to have descended from a distinguished family whose
Green's Norton in Northamptonshire, England, a holding
established by Sir
Green in the early 1300's. He was the first Lord Chief Justice of
In the 1500's Sir Thomas Green was the grandfather of Katherine Parr,
6th wife of
Robert's father, William, was an officer as some family history holds,
or a yeoman,
which other records state. At that time this meant he was an
house, and also a freeholder, a class just below the gentry. William
in the Royal
Guard of King William of Orange from 1693-99. These were special
were just one hundred of them, all over six feet tall, which
meant they were
very tall. In those days the average man's height was well under five
William married Eleanor Duff who came from a distinguished Scottish
Robert was born in England in 1695 and was very close to his mother's
1710 he and his uncle, Sir William MacDuff, who is thought to have been
embarked from Ireland for Virginia. They formed a partnership and
acreage in the Valley of Virginia and along the Rappahannock River,
In 1731 Sir William returned to England and died leaving no children
acres to Robert. Robert had married Eleanor or Dorothy Dunn of
known about her. He was a member of the Virginia Houses of
1748. His sons and grandchildren were connected in marriage to
Lees and other well known families of early Virginia.
Nathaniel (5) and Lucy Green Pinckard had had several children who were
Virginia. We know of William Green (6), Mildred (6), Elizabeth
G. (6), James
Jr. (6) (my direct ancestor), Charles II (6), Ann C. (Nancy) (6) who
all born in
Virginia, and Lucy Coleman Pinckard (6) who was born in Ohio.
Sometimes James Budd has a Jr. added to his name. This does not mean
father was also James Budd. It might have been another relative or
if there were two or three in town, they were numbered II or III
relation or lack of it was.
In 1800 Nathaniel received a license to manufacture and retail goods in
County. In 1805 or 6 after Nathaniel and Lucy's mothers had both
for Ohio on the National Road. This was not an easy journey as the ruts
sometimes as deep as the horses' shoulders.
They settled in Springfield, Clark County, Ohio, about 30 miles west of
In 1808 Nathaniel was appointed Justice of the Peace. He also
educational system for Springfield and set up a school in a
house on the
corner of Main and Market Streets. This was also the meeting place for
Methodists. Nathaniel continued to preach and officiate at weddings.
In 1819 the Pinckards moved to Alton, Illinois. It took them four weeks
from Ohio. There were fifteen of them as some of the older
children had married
had children of their own by this time. On the way west they met
Illinois settlers who warned of the miserable 'miasmas' of the
Illinois, 'the graveyard of the West'. There was wonderfully
rich soil on
Mississippi banks which was called the American Bottom, but the floods
especially the cholera brought up-river from New Orleans drove many
On the Pinckards' arrival in the fall they lived for two months in a
square half faced camp with a hole in the roof for a chimney. They were
family to move into what is now Alton, which was at the time in
boundaries. The Pinckards bought lots 'in town' and built a
cabin of round
room sixteen feet square with a hewed puncheon floor and warmly chinked
They moved in about Christmas, 1819, in miserable weather. On Christmas
they found a bee tree which provided much welcomed honey for their
In the spring of 1820 Nathaniel's (5) son, William (6) and son-in-law
Heath who had married Mildred (6), established a manufacturing business
household pottery from the fine lime nearby. It was very popular for at
fifteen years with people coming from
far distances to buy their products.
The Pinckards' homes were meeting places for Methodists. Their pioneer
preachers, such as famed Peter Cartwright, often preached from
Nathaniel himself was "a very acceptable and useful local preacher" as
"Methodism in Illinois". Two daughters and two granddaughters
preachers. Three grandsons became Methodist ministers, though
not of our
Budd Pinckard (6) (JBP) line.
Nathaniel's son, William Green Pinckard (6), (1793-1866), was very
establishing Alton. He served as assessor, justice of the peace
built a number of houses in the town. He and his wife, Elizabeth
fourteen children, ten sons and four daughters. One son was an officer
in the Civil War and was killed trying to escape prison camp. Another,
Pinckard (7), went to California in 1853 and helped put up the
first telegraph lines between San Francisco and Sacramento. He came
establish a print shop in Springfield, Illinois, where he was a friend
and printer for
Abraham Lincoln. Lucy Coleman Pinckard (6) married James Moore,
of one of the
earliest American families who had settled that part of
Illinois. They were married
February 22, 1825. She died in Macoupin County, Illinois. My
Mestre Pinckard remembered visiting her when she was a little girl.
Moore was one of her
Nathaniel's wife, Lucy Green Pinckard, died in Alton in 1822.
She was buried in
the Upper Alton Cemetery where later Nathaniel and JBP's toddler
Green Pinckard (7), were also buried.
In 1823 Nathaniel married Mary Garretson Amos, the widow of a Methodist
minister, Abraham Amos. Mary (sometimes called Polly) was believed to
American baby to have been born in Illinois territory. Her
(1746-ca. 1797) served in the Virginia militia under General
the Illinois and Indiana territory. This military group had a great
deal to do with
winning the American Revolutionary War as they kept the British busy in
while General Washington and his soldiers were taking care of the east.
In 1780 James returned to Liberty, Virginia (near what is now Wheeling,
Virginia), for his wife, Isabella Kyle, and their four small
baby. They joined several militia friends and purchased flatboats in
Pennsylvania. The flatboats, were known as arks because of what
were 30 to 40 feet long and up to 12 feet wide. The settlers, with
belongings rode under the roofs constructed over the middle of
the decks. The
cooking was done there. On the open decks were the wagons, carts,
wheels, cattle, horses, sheep, hogs and provisions. A railing
protected the cargo.
The men, all experienced fighters, were always on the alert for Indians
carried a large supply of arms and ammunition. They kept to the middle
of the river
and floated silently down the Ohio.
While it was a difficult trip they didn't encounter any Indians or
pirates, or get
snagged on rocks which was a common occurrence on this kind of trip.
got to Kaskaskia in Illinois territory, which was still officially part
of Virginia, they
loaded all the belongings on the wagons and headed north until they
came to the
ruins of an old French fort at Bellefontaine. Bellefontaine is now
called Waterloo in
Monroe County, Illinois and was named for a beautiful spring
that gushed from the
ground and is still active. They immediately began rebuilding
the fort and were snug
in their new home before the winter of 1781-82. They were among
the first eighty
American families to arrive there and they settled in the
present county of Monroe,
southeast of Alton in Bellefontaine.
James' wife, Isabella Kyle, came from a family who had lived for
south western Scotland, migrated to Belfast, Ireland about 1650 and
County, Pennsylvania, before 1720.
James and Isabella's oldest daughter was Jane, who was married in 1792
Benjamin Ogle, Jr., one of the founding American families in that area
Their second daughter, Sarah Garretson, married John Moredock in Monroe
County. They had six sons and two daughters. John hated Indians with
he killed many of them. This was because as he, his brother, father and
were coming to Illinois territory, his father was killed in front of
they hid. His mother was married three more times and within weeks or a
few months of each marriage, Indians killed each husband. Of one
though, John said that
if the Indians hadn't killed him, he might have. John's mother
was killed in an ambush
on the way back to Kentucky. John Moredock was very
large, over six feet. He was
a mass of contradictions according to one historian.
"His friends described him as
benevolent, his family must have found him impos-
sible and Indians knew him as the deadliest enemy in Illinois country."
James and Isabella's other children were: James who married Mary Carr
nine children, Isabella, who was born in 1780 shortly before the
Virginia, and who married Paul Kingston, and Mary (my direct ancestor)
born August 5, 1782 in St. Claire County, Illinois Territory.
Mary (sometimes listed as
Polly) married Abraham Ditto Amos (1779-1818) in
1810 in Cahokia, Illinois. Abraham was the son of Nicholas Day Amos and
Ditto (a name which has caused no end of trouble to genealogists).
family had come to Baltimore County, Maryland, from England before
1701. Abraham was
born in Harford, Maryland, the great grandson of William Amos
who was born in England about 1690. He came to Baltimore County
and in 1715
bought 200 acres of land. By the time of his death in 1759 he owned
1300 acres in
Abraham's grandmother, Elizabeth Day, was the granddaughter of Nicholas
Sr. who bound himself into service to come to Maryland in l658
soon became a prosperous tobacco grower and moved to Baltimore County
Later the Amoses and some of the other families moved to
Maryland, and by 1800 they had moved to Bourbon County,
bad debts had eaten up the family heritage.
Nicholas Day Amos and James Garretson are the Revolutionary War
in my direct Pinckard line. Nicholas was appointed ensign to the
Maryland House of Delegates on April 9, 1778, and guarded the shoreline
Abraham was received as a Methodist circuit preacher for Tennessee,
Illinois, Ohio and Mississippi. He was described as man of
"small gifts and
But he learned to read and write and was later described as a "large
very vehement in voice and gesture", who occasionally broke the pulpit
preaching. He was also described as a "man of sterling worth sustaining
Christian and ministerial character as long as he lived". The Pinckards
thought well of him as several of their children were named Abram or
Abraham became a member of the Illinois Territorial Legislature and a
was very much against Illinois Territory becoming a slave state though
considered more moderate than some of the anti-slavery people. His
James Garretson, Jr., also a member of the Legislature, wanted
to go to war
Abraham and Mary Garretson Amos had five children: Isabella (1811-1864)
married James Budd Pinckard; Sally, (1812-1813), William Burke
Washington (1816-), and Abraham Garretson Amos born after his
1818. As one can tell from the names of his two older sons, Abraham
classics and much admired our first President. He left a will very
just how Mary should dispose of their property in Monroe County with
arrangements for educating their children. In 1823 Nathaniel
Pinckard married Mary
Garretson Amos and took in the whole family, children ages four
Mary's father and mother, James and Isabella Kyle Garretson, arrived in
Territory very early. Life was very hard. The settlers fell
trees and built
14' by 16' without glass, nails, hinges or locks. They built chinked
end of the building. The ceilings were covered with pelts:
wolf. They used greased paper for windows. Horse collars were sometime
husks. They wore homemade wool hats and moccasins made of deerskin.
Shoes and packs
were made of tanned leather. Most people went barefooted and
the men wore blue lindsey (wool and linen) hunting shirts. The
wore white blanket
coats patterned after the French. By 1818 however, factory
made goods began to
come in through Kentucky and up the Mississippi River.
The Indians were a problem to the settlers just as the settlers were
problem to the Indians. Not all the Indians hated the whites and the
lot to stir up hatred for Americans.
Children were kidnapped including the nieces of James
Garretson. They were
returned after two years and within a year their father, Samuel, was
ambush in a field where he and James were haying. James was very nearly
but was able to run the hay wagon into the stockade. James died
"honest, upright, an excellent soldier and put to the test with all the
He refused all political offices and left several hundred acres in
Creek (West) Virginia and in Illinois to his family.
James was a close friend of Judge Shadrach Bond, Sr., whose nephew,
Bond, Jr., became one of the first governors of Illinois. Judge
thought of and an officer with General George Rogers Clark. He
was a handsome,
blond man who was well educated and who in the worse of circumstances
to keep himself clean and well groomed, not an easy feat on the
James' widow, Isabella, married Judge Bond about 1804 and she died in
1824 Mary Garretson Amos' daughter, Isabella, and Nathaniel Pinckard's
Budd, were married. The first of their fifteen children, Mary
Jane (7), arrived
and Abram (7) was born 18 months later. James Budd Pinckard
moved his growing
family to Section 24 of Piasa Township, Jersey County, just
Illinois in the fall of 1830. This was a time known as the "Big
Snow" when it started
snowing on December 15 and snowed for five days straight,
leaving drifts of
feet and several feet of snow on the level. It did not melt until late
Isabella's third child, Lucy Green (7), was born in the middle
James Budd Pinckard was a very successful farmer. In 1850 the census
farm to be one of the three most valuable in Piasa Township. It and one
listed at $4,000, while the most valuable was worth $10,000, a great
of money in
those days. Later James Budd Pinckard built a home that Ione M.
remembered visiting as a child. It was large and had a porch running
around it. There were three large chimneys which had small rooms
in back of
them secret rooms for slaves from the Underground Railway. Ione
M. Pinckard said
James Budd Pinckards's brothers bought runaway slaves from
swampy areas in
Missouri across the Mississippi River below Alton where James B.
pick them up in hay wagons, hide them in one of the six chimney
them to Joilet where they were sent to friends in Canada.
The James B. Pinckard home was a hospitable place. Various relatives
lived with them as well as their own children:
Mary Jane - 1829-75 married Nealy Cunningham - 3 children.
Abram F. - 1829-51
William A. - 1834-1887 married a Johnson - 3 sons
Elizabeth M. - 1836-1888 - married William Cunningham - four children
James N. - 1838-1839
George R. - 1840-1899 - married Elizabeth J. Gilman - 3 children.
George was a Civil War veteran, wounded at the Battle of Shiloh and a
Andersonville, Georgia, for six months.
James Budd III - 1842-1906 - married Emily Brown, guardian of Grace
Mestre, Civil War veteran, wounded in the hours just after peace was
Charles H - 1844-1879 - Civil War Veteran.
Hobart - 1844-1844 - twin of Charles.
Baby girl - 1846.
Nathaniel Heath (7) 1847-1923 - married Elizabeth McCurdy. Two
A. Pinckard (8) and John who died in infancy.
Lewis - 1849-49.
Rebecca Isabella - 1851-1861.
Horatio N. - 1854-55.
James Budd Pinckard was a very private person, hiding his emotions, and
soft-spoken man. He showed a charming personality, though he was
ways according to his handwriting. He was a decisive man and committed
'the right thing". Isabella was a cheerful openhearted woman who like
who was very religious but not insufferably so. She was an invalid at
life and died January 23, 1864.
James Budd Pinckard married Betsy Bean, a widow, in the late 1860's or
1870's. She died during the 1870's. In the 1880 census James B.
as widowed and living on his farm with William Bean, his wife
and four children.
James Budd Pinckard died April 5, 1890, with angina pectoris listed as
death. He was buried in the large Pinckard plot in Brighton
Nathaniel Heath Pinckard, Joseph A. Pinckard, my mother, Elizabeth Ione
Pinckard are my Pinckard line.
Some sources: On the early Pinckards: Wm. & Mary Quarterly, Vol 12,
Pg. 262, and other VA early history, Methodist church records,
early Ill. History.
Early Springfield, Ohio records,
censuses, etc. etc. Alan Eckert's historical book,
unfortunately I can't find the name right now, is excellent reading and
tells a lot about
life in that time and about Gen. George Rogers Clark and his
Carl Baldwin's book, "Echoes of Their Voices", as I wrote before, has a
the Moores, but really got my ancestors mixed up.
Dottie Keegan received this information April 02, 2001 from:
Ione McFarland Larson firstname.lastname@example.org