NameRobert I BRUCE King Of Scotland 62, 3393, M
Birth11 Jul 1274, Writtle, Essex, England
Death7 Jun 1329, Cardross, Dunbartonshire, Scotland Age: 54
BurialDumferline, Fifeshire, Scotland
Burial MemoAbbey Church
Robert the Bruce
Born 1274 in Scotland. Liberator, and as Robert, I, king of Scotland (1306-1329). He was origninally named Robert de Bruce, and to distinguish himself from his father and grandfather, who had the same name, he is often referred to as Robert de Bruce VIII. He is also called Robert the Bruce. As earl of Carrick he paid homage to King Edward I of England, who, in 1396, defeated King John Baliol and thereafter refused to acknowledge another king of Scotland. Bruce later abandoned Edward's cause and joined other Scottish leaders in taking up arms for the independence of his country. In 1299, the year after the Scottish patriot Sir William Wallace was defeated by Edward at Falkirk, Bruce, then still in favor with Edward, was made one of the four regents who ruled the kingdom in the name of Baliol. In 1305 he was one of those consulted in the decision to make an old enemy, the Scottish patriot John Comyn (d. 1306), who was the nephew of Baliol; a quarrel occurred, and Bruce stabbed Comyn. Bruce proclaimed his right to the throne, and on March 27, 1306, he was crowned king at Scone.
Bruce was deposed, however in 1307 by Edward's army and forced to flee to the highlands and then to the little island of Rathlin on the coast of Atrim (now in Northern Ireland). In his absence all his estates were confiscated, and he and his followers excomunicated. He continued to recruit followers, however, and in less than two years he wrested nearly all of Scotland from the English. Bruce again defeated the English in 1314 in the Battle of Bannockburn, twice invaded England, and in 1323 concluded with King Edward II of England for a truce of 13 years. After the accession of King Edward III in 1327, war again broke out, and the Scots won again. In 1328 they secured a treaty recognizing the independence of Scotland and the right of Bruce to the throne.
In his later years Bruce was stricken with leprosy and lived in seclusion at Cardross Castle, on the northern shore of the Firth of Clyde, where he died. He was succeeded by his son, David, II. Bruce's nephew, Robert II, who succeeded David, was the first king of the Stuart house of English and Scottish royalty.
---from Funk & Wagnalls New Encyclopedia
Robert (the) Bruce,
king of Scotland, was born about 1274. He submitted for a time to Edward I, but joined the patriots after the victory at Stirling. In 1299 a regency was appointed, Bruce and his rival Comyn being at the head of it. For several years Bruce kept up the appearance of loyalty to Edward; but in 1306 he murdered Comyn, and soon after was crowned king at Scone. He was defeated by an English army and fled to the isles, his queen and family being captured and imprisoned. The war was renewed in the following year, but Edward's death delayed the decision of the struggle. Bruce twice invaded England, took almost all the fortresses in Scotland, except Stirling, and in 1314 totally defeated Edward II. at Bannock-burn. Peace was made with England in 1328, and a few months later Bruce died.