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Researching Strong(e)s and Strang(e)s in Britain and Ireland; 2nd Edition                                                 See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     Jim Elliott's Discussion of Methods of Analyzing "Deep Ancestry"                          
    See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     Jim Elliott's ALL Border Reivers by Surname DNA Study    
This is:   The Strong, Stronge, Strang, Strange, & LeStrange   DNA Study Results Page   See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     Jim Elliott's ALL Border Reivers by Haplogroup DNA Study    
                  See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     Whit Athey's Haplogroup Predictor Program   
This page has several parts; please click on the part you wish to review:       See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     SNP Testing by Ethnoancestry.com   
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A) STRONG, STRONGE, STRANGE, STRANG, & LeSTRANGE Y-DNA RESULTS -  See Chart Below
      Search FTDNA Surname Projects             See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     Summary of public results of R1b and S21 SNP tests, by John McEwan  
          (For Armstrong Results, See the Armstrong DNA Results page:)           Search FTDNA Surname Projects         See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     DNA-Fingerprint.com Advanced DNA testing Laboratory  
          (For Mitochondrial DNA Results, See mtDNA Results page:)                     See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     DNA-Fingerprint.com The DYS464X (Extended) Test  
B) The Most Common Marker Values of Y-Chromosome Results by Haplogroups           Go To:  BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: Directory Page             See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     International Society of Genetic GenealogyY-DNA Haplogroup Tree 2006  
C) Comparison  with Strong examples:   Go To:  BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: R1b Results Page       See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     World Families Network - Y-Haplogroups  
D) Interpreting Results:                                 See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     To Search Oxford Ancestor's  Y-Line Database see: Click Here  
E) Grouping of Test Results:       Go To:  BORDER REIVER FAMILIES Y-DNA STUDY: I, J, P, R, R1b-subclades Results Page       and See: http://home.comcast.net/~philgoff/DNAresults.htm  
F) Findings based on Test Results:        
G) End of Page   Go To:  mtDNA Results Webpage  
      See:               http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/%7egallgaedhil/dna_by_surname.htm     Enniskillen and Donegal Bay DNA Results Webpage                               Note 6)   FTDNA offers a  number of SNP's downstream from any of their "estimates"  of participants' Haplogroup.    Other testing   
        [Note:  This is a specialized page devoted to DNA studies of certain surnames occuring in the geographic area from Enniskillen, westerly to around Donegal Bay in Ireland.      organizations presently also offer  "in-depth" SNP testing,  including additional SNP's "downstream" from the general Haplogroup SNP   
JOIN THIS PROJECT ! To do so, go to the following link and order up a test.   YDNA25 is probably    Certain reiver families are known to have been "planted" in this area of Ulster from the Anglo-Scottish border area during the 17th & 18th centuries]           determinant.  Thus,   FTDNA & other companies test R1b  for the presence of SNP=M343+; P25+'=>R1b1; and other additional downstream SNP's:  
adequate to tell us what we need to know at this point, although 37 markers is preferable:   See:       The International Society of Genetic Genealogists maintain and regularly update a website tracking the SNP's defining Y-DNA Haplogroups.   It can be viewed at:  
http://www.familytreedna.com:80/surname_join.asp?code=D84650     Browse the Rootsweb Strong list archives   http://www.isogg.org/tree/ISOGG_YDNATreeTrunk.html    
click on the drop down menu link and select the test you want from there... follow the menu... you can  Browse the Rootsweb Strang list archives Additionally, Thomas Krahn of FTDNA has provided an online HaploTree which is updated as new SNP's are documented, defining the Haplogroups and various subclades.    
order and pay by credit  card on line.  The Project Administrator will be automatically informed when you     Browse the Rootsweb Strange list archives  See: http://ytree.ftdna.com/index.php?name=Draft    
have joined the project.  Let him know if you have any questions or problems.  {:-)   To view the SNPs that are tested in each FTDNA Deep Clade test, see this page: http://www.familytreedna.com/deepclade.html  
    Check with FTDNA regarding such "Advanced Testing".           
       [See:       DNA-Fingerprint.com The DYS464X (Extended) Test ]        
   
Note 1:   This page represents an analysis of the DNA  Results data available from Participants in the Strong-Strange-L'Estrange DNA Project, and other sources.    It is provided for the   
assistance of interested researchers.   Certain aspects of the data presentation differ from that presented by FTDNA;  compare the Public Website at:    
http://www.familytreedna.com/public/strong-strange-lestrange/      
Tthis page represents only the opinion of the author, and is always subject to revision in light of additional data or information from whatever sources may become available.    
   
   
A) Results Chart based on Y-DNA testing performed through Family Tree DNA        
Updated Results through:       6-Jun-12   "Note - On May 19, 2003 FTDNA reassigned the values for 464a,b,c,and d. See Rel Gen Reporting Conventions Note Below:  
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  Dropping each by one. These results reflect those changes."        
          LOCI: DYS#s   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Result   13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25   DYS#s: LOCI: 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37   Add'l Markers - See FTDNA Public Page
Lineage     Groups KIT#s - Linked charts Surname See Notes  Y-Base /   Y-Search links: Ancestral Locations & Migration Patterns LINKS, NOTES, ETC. MRCA     LINKS Haplogroup (Green = SNP Tested); Haplogroup assignments updated by FTDNA on 5 March 2011, effectively changing R1b1b2 to R1b1a2. SNP '= See note 6  ===> 393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389-1 392 389-2 389ii-389i= Result steps from AMHT 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a     464b 464c 464d steps from AMHT KIT# Lineage     Groups 460 GATA H4 YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438 steps from AMHT
    (Note: Y-Base only used if no Y-Search entry) / Phylo Tree. org KNOWN See ISSOG NOTE: Nomenclature Update     *   ** **     ** ***   *** ***   **               ** **/*** **/*** **/*** **/***                   ** ** ** **      
        Lineages SPECU-   08 Phylogenic tree         (Roper)11= Paleolithic       *                         (Roper)16= Paleolithic                       
        LATIVE                                      
  MODAL VALUES   (R1b) =>     13 24 14 11 11 14 12=HG1    12 12 13 13 29 16   17 9 10 11 11 25 15 19 29 15 15 17 17     11 11                 12 12    
Est. Mutation Rates from WFN: Marker and Mutation Comparisons '=>     .0012 .0045 .0016 .0036 .0033 (*) .0005
.0005 .0045 .0021 .0016 .0028     .0066 .0014 (*) .0005 .0005 .0045 .0020 0.0028 0.0075 0.0035 0.0035 0.0035 0.0035       .0028 .0036
.0014   (*)
              .0012    
Est. Mutation Rates from SMGF: Marker and Mutation Comparisons '=>     .00111 .0044 .00153 .00316 0.0028   .00027 .00038 .00418 .00218 .00147   .00257 .0058 .00118   .00031 .00023 .00388 .00174 .00236 .00646             .00294 .00304 .00124             .002 .0010    
            Search mtDNA Philotree       http://www.familytreedna.com/GDRules_12.html               http://www.familytreedna.com/GDRules_25.html                 http://www.familytreedna.com/GDRules_37.html   http://www.familytreedna.com/GDRules_67.html    
Link to International Society of Genetic Genealogy     Y-DNA Haplogroup Tree   Kerchner's YDNA Haplogroup Descriptions & Information Links           Kerchner's mtDNA Haplogroup Descriptions & Information Links                                      
  The "Father's Age" Factor       Krahn's Draft Haplo-Tree: Index          sum of       recLOH Events defined Animated description sum of                             sum of  
  Results  Number: Surname Group:  SEE DNA Notes:   Migration Pattern: Estimated Mutation Rates from YSTR: => =>   0.003 0.004 0.0014 0.0041 0.00292     may mutate in multi-steps 0.002 0.0034 0.0032 Result steps from AMHT                           steps from AMHT Results  Number:         may mutate in multi-steps                 steps from Dane AMHT  
FRANCO-NORMAN d'ESTRENG ANCESTRAL MODAL HAPLOTYPE based on Danish Hypothetical (I1) =>   Compare ISOGG SNP Tree 13 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 0 16? 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 28 12 14 15 15 0?     10 10 19 21 14 13 17 21 35? 36 12 10 0?  
  214260 Olof Pedersson Strang   >1625-1685,Vimpeli,Finland mtDNA   I1 M-253+ 13 23 14 10 13 14 11 14 10 12 11 28 16 3 14 8 9 8 11 23 16 20 29 12 12 14 15 7? 214260 >Finland 10 10 19 21 14 13 16 24 35 36 12 10 9? Add'l Markers - See FTDNA Public Page
  27043 Strange   AD6FP England     I1   13 22 14 10 13 15 11 15 11 13 11 29 16 3 15 8 9 8 11 23 15 20 28 12 14 16 16 7? 27043 >England 10 10 19 21 15 13 17 21 35 37 12 10 9?
                                                                              ?
Strang P6AUC Nisula [Strang] J.Strang 1809-66 P6AUC Lohtaja, Finland      R1a1   13 25 16 11 11 14 12 12 10 13 11 30 17 ? 16 9 9 11 11 23 14 20 32 13 14 15 15 ? P6AUC Strang - Finland 11 11 19 23 16 17 18 20 34 38 13 11 ?
                                                                               
FRANCO-NORMAN d'ESTRENG ANCESTRAL MODAL HAPLOTYPE based on Henri d'Estrang (I1) =>   Compare ISOGG SNP Tree 13 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 0 16? 8 9 8 11 21? 16 20 28 12 14 15 15 0?     10 10 19 21 14 14? 17 21 35? 36 12 10 0?
France   6611 Strang 309E9 4BCYV FR>NJ>Alabama mtDNA   I1 M-253+ 13 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 0 16 8 9 8 11 21 16 20 28 12 14 15 15 0 6611 France   10 10 19 21 14 14 17 21 32 36 12 10 1?
  194281 Strang           I1   13 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 0 16 8 9 8 11 21 16 20 28 12 14 15 15 0 194281 France   10 10 19 21 14 14 17 21 33 36 12 10 1
  121477 Strang     FR>NY mtDNA   I1   13 22 14 10 13 15 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 0                           ? 121477                           ?
  N2797 Strong     Georgia     I1   13 22 13 10 13 14 11 14 11 12 11 28 16 2                           ? N2797                           ?  
                                                                                Add'l Markers - See FTDNA Public Page
  176758 Strang Tompkins, NPE ?   NY>PEI>     R1b1a2  DNA Note#23 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 0 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 16 17 0 176758 Strang 11 11 19 23 17 15 20 17 39 39 13 12 0
Unknown; Not Henri d'Estrang; STR's & HG do not match 226260 Strang DNA Note#23   Jesse Strang, b.~ 1763 Westchester Co, NY>PEI     R1b1a2 See:  GenForum Discussions 13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 0 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 16 17 0 226260 Strang 11 11 19 23 17 15 20 17 39 39 13 12 0                                  
Compare: TNC6J Tompkins Prince Edward Co , ON, Canada  TNC6J       R1b1a2    13 24 14 10 11 14 12 12 13 13 13 29 16 0 18 9 10 11 11 24 15 19 30 14 15 16 17 0 TNC6J Thompkins 11 11 19 23 17 15 20 17 39 39 13 12 0                                  
                                                                                                         
HAPLOTYPE "I" MODAL VALUES     (I) =>     13 22-25 14,15,16 10,11 10,11,13,14 14,15 11=HG2 14 11 12,13 11 28-31 16 0 15 8 9 11 11 23 16 20 29 12 14 15 16 0                             0?
Donegal Bay 24669 (Patterson)   YWHUW IRE>PA>CA     I2b1 See SNP Tree 14 22 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 13 12 31 18   16 8 10 11 11 24 14 20 27 11 14 14 16   24669 Donegal Bay                            
                                                                                                           
  148954 Strange    DYVQH       I2b1   14 23 15 10 15 15 11 13 11 14 12 33 19   15 8 10 11 11 25 14 20 27 11 14 14 15       11 9 19 21 14 14 17 18 35 42 12 10    
                                                                                                         
ANGLO-NORMAN LeSTRANGE ANCESTRAL MODAL HAPLOTYPE ? (J2) =>     12 23 14 10 13 13? 11 16 12 14? 11 31? 17 0? 15 9 9 11 11 26 15 20 34 12 13 14 15 0?     11 10 22 22 17 14 19? 18 34 37? 11 9 0? Add'l Markers - See FTDNA Public Page
Norman ? 6491 Strange #6 NPK7Z ENG>VA>   #1, #2 J2 See SNP Tree 12 23 14 10 13 13 11 15 12 14 12 31 17 0 15 9 9 11 11 26 15 20 34 12 13 14 15 0 6491 Norman ? 11 10 22 22 17 14 19 18 34 37 11 9 3
  86021 Strange   2244A       J2a4 See SNP Tree 12 23 14 10 13 14 11 15 12 15 12 32 17 1 15 9 9 11 11 26 15 20 34 12 13 14 15 1   Norman ? 11 10 22 22 17 14 18 18 34 35 11 9  
                                                                                                        ?
  136595 Strong    ZT8GB       J2   12 24 15 10 13 17 11
15
12
12
11
28
17 6 16 8 9
11
11
28
16
19
29 13 15 15 18 17                              
                                                                                                        ?
  166215 D-S   6MD8X       J2 ?   12 24 16 9 14 15 11
15
12
12
11
28
17 ? 17 8 9
11
11
26
16
19
28 13 14 15 17 ?     11 11 19 20 14 15 16 17 35 37 11 10    
                                                                                                        ?  
  174506 DeGraw   MKERS       J2 ?   12 24 16 9 14 17 11
15
12
12
11
28
17 ? 17 8 9
11
11
25
16
19
28 13 14 15 17 ?     11 11 19 20 14 15 16 17 35 36 11 10    
                                                                                                        sum of  
  MARKERS     =>     393 390 19 391 385a 385b 426 388 439 389-1 392 389-2 Result sum of 458 459a 459b 455 454 447 437 448 449 464a 464b 464c 464d sum of DYS#s   460 GATA H4 YCA II a YCA II b 456 607 576 570 CDY a CDY b 442 438 ?  
R1a1 "VIKING" East European TYPICAL HAPLOTYPE -       => R1a1 Compare ISOGG SNP Tree 13 25 15 10 11 14 12 12 10 13 11 30 17 0 15 9 10 11 11 23 14 20 32 12 15 15 16 0   Typical 11?   19 23?     18?     38?   11 ?  
R1a typical Haplotype VNDTN     VNDTN Baltic to Northern India     R1a Compare in Y-Search:             12
12
    11     ?       11     14 20             VNDTN Y-Search cf:     19               14 11 ? Add'l Markers - See FTDNA Public Page
Strangl E2101 Strangl   3W43H Germany     R1a1 See SNP Tree 14 27 16 11 10 15 12 12 10 13 11 31 18 ? 16 9 10 11 11 24 14 20 30 12 14 15 16 ? E2101 Strangl -  Germany 11 10 19 23 16 16 18 19 34 38 14 11 ?
  E5051 Strangl     Austria     R1a1   13 25 15 11 11 14 12 12 10 14 11 31 17 ? 15 9 10 11 11 24 15 20 32 12 15 15 16 ? E5051 Strangl - Austria 11 11 19 23 17 15 17 19 35 40 12 11 ?
                  See Note Below               See Note       See Note                                                               ?
 
Strong 123115 Strong      USA     R1a1   13 25 16 11 11 14 12 12 10 13 11 31 18 ? 14 8 9 11 11 24 14 15 34 13 15 16 16 ? 123115 Strong - USA 11 12 19 22 15 15 18 18 33 38 13 11 ?