1830 Tithe Applotment Book - Killea Parish, Co Donegal
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Tithes were an income tax on farming - usually about one tenth of the annual income. These were used for the upkeep of the Church of Ireland and were paid from the time of the Reformation. Before the Composition Act of 1823 it was possible to pay them in kind in stead of money. From the time of the Composition Act they were supposed to be paid in cash and Tithe surveys were carried out in each Parish to assess what the income for that parish would be. Two people were appointed by each parish to carry out this assessment.
Both Catholics and Protestants resented this tax - tax was not payable on all land, and there was even variation on the types of land from place to place. From 1736 grazing land had an exemption - this was usually land held by landlords. Certain crops were taxable, others weren't. Potatoes could be taxable in one parish and not in the one next door.
Tithe books are not comprehensive, people who did not hold land are not listed and some types of land were passed over absolutely. Towns and cities were usually not assessed.
They are arranged by Townland and usually give the acreage held by each farmer. However, note here that the measurement used was the plantation or Irish acre which differs in size from the imperial or English acre used in the Griffith's Valuation.
The information you get from the Tithe Books is simple, townland name; landholders name; area of land and tithes paid. Some will list the landlords name as well. The original tithe books for the 26 counties of the Republic of Ireland are held in the National Archives in Dublin.
Surname Given Name Townland ALEXANDER James (or Archibald Parker) Carrigans ALEXANDER Richard Carrigans ANDERSON Charles Glassmullen ANNAN Robert Carrigans BOGGS James Dunmore BRADLEY Andrew Carrigans BRADLEY Daniel Carrigans BURNS John Dunmore CANNON Denis Carrigans CANNON Dennis Carrigans CANNON Matthew Carrigans CARRUTHERS Moses Newtownhamilton CRAIG Rev. Mr. Tubberslane CROCKETT George Drumnashier CULBERT Thomas Altaghaderry CUNNINGHAM William, Jun. Carrigans CUNNINGHAM William, Sen. Carrigans DOHERTY William Dunmore DOUDS James Altaghaderry ELLIOTT Robert Carrigans FORSYTHE William Carrigans GALLAGHER [..?] Imlick GALLAGHER Edward Altaghaderry GALLAGHER Mr. Carrigans GALLAGHER William Altaghaderry GIBSON Charles Glassmullen GIBSON Charles Newtownhamilton GOURLEY Thomas Dunmore HAMILTON William Carrigans HANNA Samuel Whitehouse HENDERSON James & partners Carrigans HUNTER James Dunmore HUNTER Robert Dunmore IRWIN Samuel Altaghaderry JAMESON James Newtownhamilton KELLAGHAN Richard Carrigans KILDEA Betty Carrigans KILDEA John Carrigans KIRKPATRICK Frederick Tubberslane KIRKPATRICK John Tubberslane LAVINS Widow Arnamochil Craig LODGE Rev. Mr. Imlick MACKY William Carrigans MAHAFFY John Altaghaderry MASON James Dunmore MASON John Dunmore MASON William Dunmore McCARTER James Carrigans McCLINTOCK R., Esq. (Bank part of Carrigans contg. 1 acre 0 roods 38 perches valued on HUGH McGETIGAN) Dunmore McCONOMY Denis Carrigans McCORKILL Joseph Altaghaderry McCREA Mr. James Carrigans McGETTIGAN Hugh Carrigans McGETTIGAN Hugh, Sen. Carrigans McILHINNY James Carrigans McILWAINE [..?] Dunmore McILWAINE Mr. Whitehouse McLAUGHLIN Widow Mary Carrigans McPHERSON James Newtownhamilton McPHERSON Mr. Lagnaduff McPHERSON William Arnamochil Craig McPHERSON William Newtownhamilton MILLER James Imlick ORR John Arnamochil Craig OSBORNE John Altaghaderry OSBORNE William Altaghaderry PARKER Archibald (or James Alexander) Carrigans REID William Lagnaduff SMYTH Hugh Dunmore SMYTH Robert Dunmore SMYTH Samuel Dunmore SMYTH Thomas Dunmore SMYTH William Dunmore STEEL Andrew Imlick STEEL James Altaghaderry THOMPSON Mr. Altaghaderry WILLIAMS Miss Carrigans WILLOCK Noble Dunmore WITHEROW Mr. Imlick
ROBERT McCLINTOCK, ESQ. – apply JOSEPH DYSART, ESQ
JOHN MONTGOMERY, ESQ. – apply to MESSRS. SKIPTON & WALLEN, Derry
ROBERT BOND, ESQ. – apply to himself, Derry
MISS HARVEY – apply to JAMES COCHRANE, ESQ. Crohan, Lifford
W. SAMUEL JACKMAN, ESQ. – apply to MINCHIN LLOYD, ESQ., Derry
ROBERT BATESON – apply to WILLIAM McCREA KNOX, ESQ., Ballyduff House, Lifford
MR JOHN HANNA – apply to himself
MRS THOMPSON – apply to herself
MR THOMAS KIRKPATRICK – apply to himself
MISS BABBINGTON – apply to MR WILLIAM EDMANSTON
MR CRAIG – apply to himself
Further information relating to some of those above is offered in the ORDNANCE SURVEY MEMOIRS OF KILLEA & TAUGHBOYNE, dated October 1821:
The number of active spirited farmers in this district are numerous. As to their intelligence I can say little, not being much acquainted. However, the REV. MATTHEW HERON of the Hall, MR HUGH STEPHENSON of Lignathraw, MR JOHN ALEXANDER of Drummanan, MR SCOTT of Mullinan, MR HUNTER of Tullyown, MR McFARLAND of Cloon and MR SAMUEL MARSHALL of Tibber [Tubber] are all active and intelligent farmers. Others have made great improvements lately, which are owing principally to their indulgent landlords, MR ANDREW MASON of Kildrum, MR JOSEPH McPHERSON and MR WILLIAM ELLIOTT of Cloughfin, and this farm, the occupier I do not know, it lies immediately above ROBERT BATESON ESQUIRE, I imagine he is a MR MILLS, and MR DAVID McCLEAN, all have done much to the farms.
[Linen manufacture] is nearly at a stand these 3 or 4 years back, but much decreased from what it was for 20 years previous.
The number and extent of millworks are many and great; no less than 20 mills are in this limited district of 21 miles: MR STEPHENSON of Lignathraw 1, MR ALEXANDER of Drummanan 1. MR ALEXANDER of Kinnycally 1, REV. MR CUNNINGHAM of Castletown 1, MR McCLEAN of St. Johnstown 1, MR GALLAGHER of Castletown 1, MR McPHERSON of Kildrum 1, MR McFARLAND of Cloon 1, MR MARSHALL of Tibber 1, MR LAID of Cross 1, MR MACKIN of Lishill 1, MR ROGER of Ginsurry [Garsuey] 1, MR McPHERSON 1, MR MILLS 1, MR CALDWELL of Kildrum 1, MR CULBERT of Kildrum 1, MR PINKERTON 1, MR GALLAGHER of Portlough 1, MR LEVINS of Brickfield 1, 21 in all. Probably some others may have escaped my notice.
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