1834 Tithe Applotment Book - Aghanunshin Parish, Co Donegal
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Tithes were an income tax on farming - usually about one tenth of the annual income. These were used for the upkeep of the Church of Ireland and were paid from the time of the Reformation. Before the Composition Act of 1823 it was possible to pay them in kind in stead of money. From the time of the Composition Act they were supposed to be paid in cash and Tithe surveys were carried out in each Parish to assess what the income for that parish would be. Two people were appointed by each parish to carry out this assessment.
Both Catholics and Protestants resented this tax - tax was not payable on all land, and there was even variation on the types of land from place to place. From 1736 grazing land had an exemption - this was usually land held by landlords. Certain crops were taxable, others weren't. Potatoes could be taxable in one parish and not in the one next door.
Tithe books are not comprehensive, people who did not hold land are not listed and some types of land were passed over absolutely. Towns and cities were usually not assessed.
They are arranged by Townland and usually give the acreage held by each farmer. However, note here that the measurement used was the plantation or Irish acre which differs in size from the imperial or English acre used in the Griffith's Valuation.
The information you get from the Tithe Books is simple, townland name; landholders name; area of land and tithes paid. Some will list the landlords name as well. The original tithe books for the 26 counties of the Republic of Ireland are held in the National Archives in Dublin.
Surname First Townland ALEXANDER Joseph Green Hill ARMSTRONG Hugh Castlebawn ARMSTRONG Widow Castlebawn BLACKWOOD James Maghrekennan BOGLE Joseph Cornagill BOGLE Ralf Cornagill BOICE John & co. Loughegannon BOVERD [BOVAIRD] Alexander Loughnagin BOVERD [BOVAIRD] James Loughnagin BOVERD [BOVAIRD] Robert Loughnagin BOVERD [BOVAIRD] Robert, Jun. Loughnagin BOYD Rev. William Ardrawel BOYD Rev. William Castlebawn BOYD Rev. William Kiltoey BROOK Mrs. Castlegrove BROOK Mrs. Loughegannon BUCHANNON John & partners Lisnanees (Upper) CARLIN Neal Rough Park CARSON Charles Loughnagin CARSON Samuel Loughnagin COYLE Andrew Drumnaskeagh CRAMSEY John Ardrawel CRAMSEY John Cornagill CRAMSEY Neal Ardrawel CRAWFORD William & co. Drumnaskeagh CREARAN Anthony & brother Castlebawn CROSSAN James Loughegannon CROSSAN John Loughegannon CROSSAN Widow Loughnagin CROSSAN William Loughegannon DEENY Michael Rough Park DEENY Patrick Ballybocurragh (Upper) DEENY Roger Rough Park DEENY White Roger Rough Park DEENY Widow Rough Park DEENY William Rough Park DELAP [DUNLAP] James Green Hill DELAP [DUNLAP] John Ballybocurragh (Upper) DELAP [DUNLAP] William Cornagill DERMOTT John Arthurush DOHERTY Widow Rough Park DOOHAN John Drumnaskeagh ELLIOTT William Loughnagin GALLAGHER Hugh Drumnaskeagh GAMBLE Rev. William Green Hill GIBSON John Loughnagin GREER Thomas Arthurush GREGG William Kiltoey HAMILTON [..?] Knocknabrin HOOD Archibald Lisnanees (Lower) HOOD Daniel & co. Drumnaskeagh HOOD James Drumnaskeagh HOOD William Lisnanees (Lower) HOPKIN Benjamin Loughnagin HOPKIN Robert Loughnagin KERRIGAN James Drumnaskeagh LEE James Drumnaskeagh LOCKART Charles Ballyloleal LOCKART Widow Ballyloleal LUCAS [..?] Lisnanees (Lower) MAGEE Robert Cornagill MANSFIELD Francis, Esq. Bogay MANSFIELD Francis, Esq. Castlewray MANSFIELD Francis, Esq. Drumnaskeagh MANSFIELD Francis, Esq. Lane Head McBAY John Lisnanees (Upper) McBAY William Lisnanees (Upper) McCAFFERTY Nancy Loughnagin McCLOSKY Edward Cornagill McCLOSKY Joseph Rough Park McCLOY Robert Ballybocurragh (Lower) McCLOY William Drumnaskeagh McCOACH James Cornagill McCONNEL King Ardrawel McDADE Patrick Loughegannon McELHINNEY Alexander Rough Park McELHINNEY John Loughnagin McELHINNEY Robert Loughnagin McELHINNEY Samuel (of Hill) Loughnagin McELHINNEY Samuel Loughnagin McELHINNEY Samuel, Jun. Loughnagin McELRATH Hugh Drumnaskeagh McELRATH William Drumnaskeagh McFADEN James & partners Drumnaskeagh McGETIGAN Darby Loughegannon McGINTY John Drumnaskeagh MILLAR Robert Green Hill MONTGOMERY Robert Lisnanees (Upper) MORROW James Ballybocurragh (Lower) MORROW James Green Hill MORROW Jonathon Ballyloleal MORROW Widow Ballyloleal MORROW William Drumnaskeagh MULHOLLAND John, Jun. Rough Park MULHOLLAND John, Sen. Rough Park NOBLE Samuel Ballyloleal NORRY Samuel Cornagill O’DONNELL Arthur Loughegannon O’DONNELL Daniel Castlebawn O’DONNELL Hugh Castlebawn PATTERSON Alexander Ballybocurragh (Lower) PHILSON [..?] Lisnanees (Lower) RAMSAY Crawford & partners Barkley’s Ballyboe RAMSAY David & partners Barkley’s Ballyboe RAMSAY David & partners Maghrekennan RAMSAY William Kiltoey RUSSEL James Kiltoey SPEER James, Jun. Ballybocurragh (Upper) SPEER James, Sen. Ballybocurragh (Upper) SPEER William Ballybocurragh (Upper) SPRATT Rev. Mr. Ballyloleal STARRET Alexander Bogay STARRET Alexander Drumnaskeagh STARRET David Bogay STARRET John Kiltoey STARRET Widow Drumnaskeagh STEWART Alexander Loughnagin STEWART James Aughalenty STEWART Jonathon Ballybocurragh (Lower) STEWART William Aughalenty STUART William Green Hill TAYLOR Charles Green Hill TAYLOR Jonathon Green Hill TAYLOR Walter Green Hill TONER Hugh Green Hill TONER Michael Cornagill WARD Hugh Arthurush WILSON Andrew Cornagill WILSON Mrs Bogay WILSON William Bogay WILSON William Lane Head WRAY William, Esq. Cornagill WRAY William, Esq. Knocknabrin WRAY William, Esq. Woodland WRAY William, Esq. Oak Park
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