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Tale of Crich

A History of Our Parish

by Geoffrey Dawes

I acknowledge, with very grateful thanks, the permission of Geoffrey Dawes to place on this website the text of his excellent History of the Parish of Crich. As only fifty copies were privately published by Geoffrey of this fine volume, I am honoured to be allowed to make Geoffrey's work more widely available, for everyone who has an interest in Crich Parish.

Note:    In the Domesday Survey Wessington is said to be "in the jurisdiction of Crich". Wirksworth, Lea and Tansley - though paying taxes in the Wapentake of Wirksworth - are said "to lie in Crich". Certainly well into the 19th Century Tansley and Wessington were joined administratively with Crich. Thus as late as 1851 the Parliamentary Census Returns number, for Crich 3670 inhabitants of whom 1118 were returned for Tansley and Wessington. The grouping persisted until 1862. In 1934 an area including Bullbridge in the Parish of Crich, then part of the Belper Rural District, was transferred to the Parish of Heage - part of the Ripley Urban District.

For the purpose of this 'Tale' - Crich is taken to include Bullbridge - but not Tansley, Wessington, Dethick or Lea.


CONTENTS

Part 1: The Social Story

Chapter 1    The Beginning

Chapter 2    Aristocrats, Squires and Landowners

2.0        Precis
2.1       The Manor of Crich
2.2       The Manor of Wingfield
2.3       The Manor of Wakebridge
2.4       Tudor Times
2.5       The Civil War and Afterwards
2.6       The Manor of Alderwasley
2.7       The Manor Houses in Crich
2.8       Important Landowners
2.9       Humbler Crich People

Chapter 3    Village Government

3.1       In Anglo Saxon Times
3.2       After the Conquest
3.3       The Sheriffs
3.4       Manorial Courts
3.5       The Constables
3.6       The Justices    
3.7       Wage Control
3.8       Tithes
3.9       The Relief of the Poor
3.10     Other Duties of the J.P.'s
3.11     Musters, Militias & Volunteers
3.12     Workhouses
3.13     The 1834 Poor Law
3.14     The End of Tithes
3.15     Elected Local Government
3.16     Postscript on Local Government

Chapter 4    Travelling

4.1      Early Tracks
4.2      Cattle-Drovers Routes
4.3      Causeways
4.4      Packhorses
4.5      Cross Routes
4.6      Metalled Roads
4.7      Turnpikes
4.8      Canals
4.9      Railways
4.10    Changing Times

Chapter 5    Meetings

5.1      Introduction
5.2      The Church of St. Mary
5.3      Chapels and Assemblies
5.4      Schools
5.5      A Celebration on the Hill
5.6      Public Houses
5.7      Clubs
5.8      Crich Reading Room
5.9      Footnote

Part II:   The Story of work

Chapter 6    Farming

6.1      Villeins & Freeholders Lands
6.2      Use of Woodlands
6.3      Effect of the Black Death
6.4      Life on the Medieval Farm
6.5      Tudor Inflation
6.6      New Farming Practices
6.7      The Formal Enclosures
6.8      The War with Republican France
6.9      The times of George IV, William IV & Victoria

Chapter 7    Quarrying

7.1      Early Quarries
7.2      Building Stone
7.3      Limestone
7.4      The Butterley Company Quarries
7.5      The Cliff Quarry

Chapter 8    Lead Mining

8.1      The Liberty of Crich
8.2      Getting the Lead to Market
8.3      The Miners and their Work
8.4      Some Crich Lead Mines
8.5      The Twilight of the Industry

Chapter 9    Manufacturing

9.1      For Parish Use
9.2      Stone Products
9.3      Barge Building
9.4      Pots
9.5      Various Mills
9.6      The Hat Factory
9.7      Framework Knitting

Part III:    The Twentieth Century

Chapter 10    Remembering

10.1    Introduction
10.2    Fairs and Farming
10.3    Manufacturing
10.4    Public Services
10.5    Reservoirs
10.6    Travelling
10.7    Schools
10.8    Welfare
10.9    Clubs
10.10  Shopping
10.11  Entertaining & Holidays
10.12  Singing Hymns
10.13  Bellringing
10.14  Quakers
10.15  Quarrying
10.16  Wars
10.17  Epilogue

Chapter 11  In Conclusion

In the original volume Geoffrey has inserted a number of very informative Appendix and Tables. Although I have not listed them here, I hope eventually to include as many of these as is practicable.


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