Canadian General Service MedalThe medal was awarded to members of the Imperial and Canadian forces who had taken part in the suppression of the Fenian raids and Riel's first rebellion, the latter being generally referred to as the Red River expedition. Because the medal was not issued until 1899, it was awarded only if applied for and the recipient must have:
(a) been on active service in the field; or
(b) served as guard at any point where an attack from the enemy was expected; or
(c) been detailed for some specific service or duty.
Fenian Raid (1866) - Fenians is the name of the old Irish National Militia. After the Civil War in the USA, the American Fenians were bolstered by Civil War mercenaries. In need of something to occupy this large force, John O'Neil crossed the Niagara River, captured Fort Erie, and made his headquarters at Limeridge. The Fenians defeated a unit of the Canadian Militia at Ridgeway, but withdrew to the USA when a stronger force was sent to the area. President Johnson had many of the Fenians arrested.
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