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Devine DNA Surname Study: Results at Low-resolution (12 markers) and Mid-resolution (25 and 37 markers)   11 March 2011

High-resolution (67-marker) comparisons available for Cluster 2 and Cluster 3 only

 

   Sample number

               And Origin

Haplo-

group 

3
9
3

3
9
0

*

1
9

3
9
1

3
8
5
a

3
8
5
b

4
2
6

3
8
8

4
3
9

3
8
9
-
1

3
9
2

*

3
8
9
-
b

4
5
8

4
5
9
a

4
5
9
b

4
5
5

4
5
4

4
4
7

4
3
7

4
4
8

4
4
9

4
6
4
a

4
6
4
b

4
6
4
c

4
6
4
d

4
6
0

G
A
T
A
H
4

Y
C
A
I
I
a

Y
C
A
I
I
b

4
5
6

6
0
7

5
7
6

5
7
0

C
D
Y

a

C
D
Y

b

4
4
2

4
3
8

Cluster1

       

FTDNA Marker # 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

Modal values for Cluster 1

 

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV9 Clare 1847

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

12

13

16

16

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

18

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

37

38

12

13

DEV44 no ancestral data

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

12

13

16

16

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

35

38

12

13

DEV4 Sligo ~1820

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

12

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

18

17

36

39

12

13

DEV25 no ancestral data

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEV63 Sligo ~1840

R1b12

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEV14 Va. US 1744

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

37

38

12

13

DEV22 Tyr.~1790>Sligo

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

11

19

23

16

16

18

17

36

38

12

12

DEV3 Desertgny~1815

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

12

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

39

12

13

DEV15 Va. US 1744

R1b1b2

13

24

15

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV37 Tyr 1877>Derry

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

15

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV66 Tyr 1877>Derry

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

15

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV38 S.C. US 1785

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

 

 

`

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEV53 Ga. US~1886

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV56 Pa. US 1917

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV23 Donaghedy~1890

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV32 Donaghedy 1849

R1b1b2

13

23

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

16

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV35 Irld 1864 >Pa.

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

17

 

 

 

 

 

12

13

DEV67 Irld ~1831 > US

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

24

15

19

31

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

 

 

 

 

 

12

13

DEV11 Longford 1792

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

31

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

38

12

13

DEV5 Donaghedy ~1855

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

31

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

20

16

36

38

12

13

DEV31 Irld l785>Ayrshire

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

14

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

10

19

23

16

15

18

17

36

38

12

12

DEV20 Pa. US 1812

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

15

15

11

10

19

23

16

15

19

17

36

37

12

13

DEV42 Irld 1834>Mich.

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

11

13

13

16

18

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

18

11

11

19

23

16

 

 

 

 

 

13

12

DEV54 Cavan 1795

R1b1b2

13

24

14

12

11

16

12

12

13

13

13

16

18

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

28

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

16

15

19

19

36

37

12

12

DEV59 Meath 1813>Pa.

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

13

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

28

15

15

15

17

11

11

19

23

16

15

18

18

36

37

12

12

DEV30 Tyrone 1826

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

14

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

28

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

16

15

18

19

36

37

12

12

DEV40 Tyrone 1826

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

13

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

28

15

15

17

17

10

11

19

23

16

15

18

19

36

37

12

12

DEV62 no ancestral data

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

14

13

13

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DVY1 Tyrone ~1750

R1b1b2

13

24

14

11

11

15

12

12

13

13

13

16

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 2

        FTDNA Marker #

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

21

32

33

34

35

36

37

Modal values, Cluster 2

 

13

25

14

11

11

13

12

12

12

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

18

30

15

16

16

17

11

11

19

23

17

16

18

17

37

40

12

12

DEV29Devon1615>Mass

R1b1b2

13

26

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

18

29

15

16

16

17

11

12

19

23

17

17

18

17

38

40

13

12

DEV57Dublin1848>Conn.

R1b1b2

13

25

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

16

9

10

11

11

25

16

18

30

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

16

15

17

18

35

38

12

12

DEV24Westmth ~1800

R1b1b2

13

25

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

16

18

29

15

15

15

17

11

11

19

23

16

15

17

17

35

36

12

12

DEV43 Irld 1855>Ind.

R1b1b2

13

25

14

11

11

13

12

12

12

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

18

31

15

16

16

17

11

11

19

20

16

16

18

16

37

40

12

12

DEV17 Roscomn~1805

R1b1b2

13

25

14

10

11

13

12

12

12

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

18

31

15

16

16

17

11

11

19

23

17

16

18

17

37

38

12

12

DEV8 Galway 1826>Oh.

R1b1b2

13

25

15

11

12

14

12

12

12

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

18

31

15

16

16

17

11

10

19

23

17

16

19

17

38

38

12

12

DEV58 Tipperry 1800

R1b1b2

13

24

15

11

12

14

12

12

12

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

24

15

19

32

15

15

17

18

11

11

19

23

19

15

20

17

37

40

12

12

DEV48 Tipperry 1843

R1b1b2

13

25

15

11

11

13

12

12

11

13

14

16

19

9

10

11

11

25

15

18

32

15

16

16

17

11

11

19

23

17

16

20

17

37

40

12

12

DVY2 Tyrone 1854

R1b1b2

13

25

14

11

11

13

12

12

12

13

14

17

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

18

30

16

16

17

17

11

12

19

23

17

16

18

18

38

40

13

12

DVY4 Tyrone 1680>NJ

R1b1b2

13

25

14

11

11

13

12

12

14

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

16

16

17

12

12

19

23

17

16

19

18

38

39

14

12

DVY3 Irld 1842

R1b1b2

13

25

14

11

12

13

12

12

13

13

14

16

18

9

10

11

11

24

15

18

30

15

16

16

17

11

11

19

23

17

16

17

17

37

38

12

12

Cluster 3

       FTDNA marker #

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

21

32

33

34

35

36

37

Modal values, Cluster 3

 

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

35

43

12

12

DEV28 Mayo 1826

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

14

16

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

28

15

15

17

17

10

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

35

43

12

12

DEV36 Tyr. 1755 >Pa.

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

16

17

11

12

19

23

16

15

20

16

35

44

12

12

DEV39 Pa. 1758 >Va.

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

12

19

23

16

15

20

16

35

43

12

12

DEV74 Va by 1760

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

12

19

23

16

15

20

16

35

43

12

12

DEV50 Irld 1824 >Ohio

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

12

19

23

15

15

20

16

35

41

12

12

DEV51 Ohio 1909

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

19

16

35

43

12

12

DEV73 NY/NJ ~1713

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

35

45

12

12

DEV71 NY/NJ ~1713

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

14

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

35

44

12

12

DEV2 Galway 1844

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

35

44

12

12

DEV 72 Kilmacrenan

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

28

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

18

16

35

44

12

12

DEV61 US by 1800

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

10 

11

11

26

15 

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

 15

15 

20 

16 

36 

 43

12 

12

DEV47 Conwal~1780

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

30

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

36

43

12

12

DEV13 Conwal ~1793

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

36

43

12

12

DEV18 Conwal ~1793

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

36

43

12

12

DEV12 Conwal ~1793

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

10

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

36

42

12

12

DEV1 Conwal ~1793

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

10

11

19

23

15

15

20

16

36

42

12

12

DEV49 Mayo ~1825

R-L21

13

23

14

10

10

14

12

12

11

13

13

15

16

9

10

11

11

26

15

19

29

14

15

17

18

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cluster 4

       FTDNA marker #

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

21

32

33

34

35

36

37

Modal values, Cluster 4

 

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

16

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

14

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

16

16

20

18

37

38

12

12

DEV10 Waterford 1850

R1b1b2

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

14

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

16

16

20

17

37

39

12

12

DEV55 NY USA 1855

R1b1b2

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

16

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

14

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

16

16

20

18

37

40

12

12

DEV46 Tenn. US ~1810

R1b1b2

13

24

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

16

9

10

11

11

25

14

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

19

19

36

37

12

12

DEV45 N. Scotia. ~1890

R1b1b2

13

23

14

10

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

 

 

 `

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Unclustered

       FTDNA marker #

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

21

32

33

34

35

36

37

Modal values, R1b subclade

 

13

24

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

29

15

15

17

17

11

11

19

23

16

15

18

17

37

38

12

12

DEV6 Tenn. US ~1825

R1b1b2

13

24

14

10

11

15

12

12

11

13

14

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

30

15

15

15

17

10

11

19

23

15

15

19

17

35

40

12

12

DEV19 Munster? ~1798

R1b1b2

13

23

14

11

11

13

12

12

13

13

13

16

17

9

10

11

11

25

15

19

31

15

15

15

17

11

11

19

23

15

15

18

17

36

37

12

12

DEV60* no ancestral data

R2

13

23

14

10

15

17

12

12

12

14

10

16

16

9

10

11

11

25

17

19

32

12

13

13

14

10

11

19

21

16

14

16

15

32

33

11

11

DEV34 Irld~1820 >N.Y.

R1b1b2

13

25

14

11

11

14

12

12

12

14

13

16

16

9

9

11

11

26

15

19

33

14

15

17

18

11

11

19

23

15

15

18

18

36

41

12

12

Haplogroup I

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEV7 W. Va. US 1806

I

13

23

14

10

15

16

11

13

11

13

12

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEV41 no ancestral data

I1b

13

24

15

11

11

15

11

13

10

14

11

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

DEV69 Irld >PEI by 1868

I2b1

14

22

15

10

13

16

11

13

11

14

12

19

16

8

9

11

11

25

15

20

26

14

15

15

15

11

10

19

21

15

14

18

19

34

41

12

10

 

__________

* Marker DYS 19 is also known as DYS 394. The value for DYS 389-b represents the difference after the value for DYS 389-1 has been subtracted from that of DYS 389-2 (not listed). These marker regions overlap, and only a variation in the non-overlapping portion, as shown by the difference, represents an additional mutation from any that occur in the DYS 389-1 portion. DEV 60 has an additional marker DYS464e, value 15.

 

TABLE COLOR-CODING  

 

Rows shaded with the same background color identify clusters of families whose samples match closely enough that they can be considered related within a genealogically significant time-frame. Values on the first line of each cluster do not represent an actual sample, but instead list the modal or most frequently occurring value found within the cluster at each marker.  Modal values are artificially constructed statistical values; they don’t represent a real haplotype or any particular individual, but are useful in estimating how much closely matching samples in a cluster differ among themselves.

 

Test results shown in red and highlighted differ from modal values. Samples with fewer differences, called mutations, are more closely related to each other, while those with similar differences are also related to each other.

 

Cluster modal values displayed without a background shading are ones that differ from those of Cluster 1; the greater the number of differences, the greater the genetic distance of that cluster from Cluster 1. Modal values could represent the ancestral state from which all the lines in the cluster descend, but the identification with the ancestral line is not certain, and if the ancestral pattern is eventually determined through extensive testing and comparison of known descendants, may be found to differ from modal values. The modal values may also reflect undue weight given to a group of samples known to be from closely-related donors, as in Cluster 3.

 

Within each cluster, values that vary from the modal values are shown in red. Most family lines within each cluster are closely enough related to have descended from a common ancestor who, within historic times, used an Irish surname that is now rendered as Devine. Modal values are subject to change as additional samples become available, so at best can only approximate the values of the cluster’s ancestor. When there are an equal number of samples for two or more possible modal values, the value that minimizes differences among the samples was selected as the mode. When none could be determined, values that differ among samples at a particular marker are shown in boldface. In Cluster 1, values that correspond with the Atlantic Modal Haplotype (see below) are on a yellow background, as are the values for the six markers that define that haplotype.

 

Among the unclustered samples, marker values in red are those that differ from the Cluster 1 modal values. To emphasize the wide variation among the unclustered Haplogroup R1b samples and those of Haplogroup I, only those columns are shaded where all samples share the same value. Haplogroups and their designations are explained in more detail below.

 

Data on this site updates the article by Donn Devine, “Sorting Relationships among Families with the Same Surname: An Irish-American DNA Study,” National Genealogical Society Quarterly 93 (December 2005): 283-293.

 

EARLIEST ANCESTOR OF RECORD FOR EACH SAMPLE 

      Numbers in parentheses are the number of markers tested                                                                                           

 

DEV 1, 12 (67), 13 & 18: Hugh Devine, farmer, born about 1793, living at Kirkneedy, Conwal Parish, County Donegal, in 1827. (37)

DEV 2:   Patrick Devine, farmer, living at Drumkeary East, Ballinakill Parish, Loughrea, County Galway, 1844. (37)

DEV 3:   Hugh Devine, tailor, living Sharagore, Desertegny Parish, County Donegal, 1815. (37)

DEV 4:   Martin Devine, born 1820 County Sligo, married 1848 in Montreal, Quebec. (37)

DEV 5:   James Devine, farmer, living Ballinamallaght, Donaghedy Parish, County Tyrone, 1855-1865. (37)

DEV 6:   Timothy Devine, laborer, born Ireland ca. 1819, living Knox County, Tennessee, USA, 1860; listed as DeWine 1900. (37)

DEV 7:   Joseph DeVine, born 1806, Monongalia, Virginia (now West Virginia), USA. (12)

DEV 8:   Dennis Devine, born 1826, Loughrea, County Galway, farmhand in Yellow Springs Ohio, 1860; listed as DeWine, 1860, 1870  (37)

DEV 9:   James Devine, living Killard Parish, County Clare, 1837-1847, died LaSalle County, Illinois, 1854. (37)444

DEV 10: William Devine, living at Faha, Stradbally Parish, County Waterford, 1850. (37)

DEV 11: Francis Devine, born 1792 County Longford, died Aurora, Illinois, 1875. (37)

DEV 14: John Devine, born by 1744, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, died Mercer County, Kentucky, about 1790, through son Samuel. (37)

DEV 15: John Devine, born by 1744, Pittsylvania County, Virginia, died Mercer County, Kentucky, about 1790, through son George W. (37)

DEV 16: Australia, before 1800. Awaiting sample return (12).

DEV 17: Martin Devine, born about 1805 County Roscommon, living there 1853, living Norwich, New York, 1869, died before 1880. (37)

DEV 19: John Dwan, born probably Munster about 1798, to Woodstock, Ontario, 1834, then Carsonville, Michigan; died 1878. (37)

DEV 20: James Divine, born Ireland, in Pennsylvania about 1812 when son William was born. (37)

DEV 21: Co. Sligo. Awaiting ancestral data and sample return (12).

DEV 22: James Devine, born Strabane, Co. Tyrone, to Highwood, County Sligo, about 1790. (37)

DEV 23: Michael Devine, born about 1890, Glenmornan, Donaghedy Parish, County Tyrone. (37)

DEV 24: Patrick Devine, living Mullingar, County Westmeath, about 1827, when son Michael was born. (37)

DEV 25: Wine. Awaiting ancestral data. (12)

DEV 26: Glenmornan, County Tyrone. Awaiting ancestral data and sample return (12).

DEV 27: William Devine, California, 20th Century. Awaiting sample return (12).

DEV 28: Patrick Devine, living Kilconduff Parish, County Mayo, 1826, when a son Michael was born. (37)

DEV 29: John Divan, born Churston Ferrers, County Devon, England, about 1615 of Huguenot ancestry, to Lynn, Massachusetts by 1652. (67)

DEV 30, 40: Patrick Devine, by tradition living Moy, County Tyrone, at 1826 birth of son Peter, who emigrated to Philadelphia in 1846. (37)

DEV 31: Hugh Devine, born Ireland 1785, to Ayrshire, Scotland by 1816 birth of first child. (37)

DEV 32: Bryan Devine, living Donaghedy Parish, County Tyrone, about 1849 when a son Bernard was born. (37).

DEV 33: Ireland to Canada, Nineteenth Century. Awaiting sample return. (12)

DEV 34: Alexander Devine, born Ireland before 1820, to New York by 1838 when son Alexander was born. (37)

DEV 35: John Devine, born Ireland 1864, to Philadelphia by 1897 when son John Francis was born. (32-RelGenetics)

DEV 36: Alexander Diven, from County Tyrone by early family tradition, in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania by 1755. (67)

DEV 37: John Devine, born about 1830, living Park, County Derry, at 1877 marriage of son Patrick, born about 1850.  (37)

DEV 38: George Devine, born about 1765, died Spartanburg, South Carolina, about 1824 (12).

DEV 39: William Devin, Ireland to Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, to Virginia ~1759-1764, died 1802, through son William (Jr,), born 1752. (37)

DEV 40: See DEV 30. Samples are from great-great grandsons through different sons. (37)

DEV 41: Awaiting ancestral data. (12)

DEV 42: William Devine, reportedly in County Cork at 1843 birth of son Edward, who married 1868 in Detroit, Michigan. (32-RelGenetics)

DEV 43: William Divine, born Ireland 1855, in Indiana at 1889 birth of son John. (37)

DEV 44: Awaiting ancestral data (37)

DEV 45: Oscar Devine, born Ireland, to Nova Scotia before 1890. (12)

DEV 46: Irbin Finley Devin, born Lincoln County, Tennessee about 1810. (67)

DEV 47: Daniel Devine, born about 1780, Conwal, County Donegal, brother of Hugh, DEV 1 and others, above. (37)

DEV 48: Edmund Davin, born Drangan Parish, County Tipperary 1843, to Boston Massachusetts as Devin. (67)

DEV 49: John Devine, born County Mayo about 1825, to U.S. about 1850. (37)

DEV 50: Martin E. Devine, born Ireland 1824, to Yorkshire, England by 1853, to Ohio about 1860. (37)

DEV 51: Born Ohio 1909. Devine ancestry not known. (67)

DEV 52: Awaiting sample return. Awaiting ancestral data. (12)

DEV 53: James Harry Devine, born Georgia about 1886, to Etowah County, Alabama about 1907. (37)

DEV 54: James Devine, born Crosserlough Parish, County Cavan, about 1795, to Carleton County, Ontario, about 1829 with family (67)

DEV 55: James H. Devine, born New York 1852. (37)

DEV 56: Unknown Devine, son born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1917. (67)

DEV 57: Lt. Hugh Devine, in Dublin 1848 at birth of son Henry Plunkett Devine, named for father’s commander. (37)

DEV 58: Denis Dewane, born Roscrea, County Tipperary, 1800. (37) 

DEV 59: Patrick Devine, born Oldcastle, County Meath, 1813, to Pennsylvania 1839, and to Iowa 1863. (37)

DEV 60: DesVignes. Awaiting ancestral data. (67)

DEV 61: John Divine, born about 1780, from Jackson County, Florida, to Yazoo County, Mississippi, by 1830 (67)

DEV 62: Awaiting ancestral data. (12)

DEV 63: Charles Devine, County Sligo, to Lancashire, England after 1840; grandson William, born 1888, to New Bedford, Massachusetts. (12)

DEV 64:  Awaiting sample return. Awaiting ancestral data. (12)

DEV 65:  Devine ancestry unknown; adopted as Knippers. (25)

DEV 66:  John Devine, born about 1830, living Park, County Derry, at 1877 marriage of son Patrick, born about 1850. (37) (same line as DEV 37)

DEV 67:  Quinton Devine, born Ireland about 1831, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, by 1855.  (32-AncestryDNA.com)

DEV 68:  Awaiting sample return. Michael Divine, born 1812, Dingle, County Kerry. (37)

DEV 69:  James Devine, from Ireland to Hunter River, Prince Edward Island, Canada, by about 1868, when a son James was born. (27)

DEV 70:  Withdrew from study with no matches. No. 179 in Ireland Heritage DNA Project. (37)

DEV 71:  Terence Devins, born about 1712, Minisink vicinity, New York/New Jersey. (67)

DEV 72:  James Diver, born Kilmacrenanc Parish, County Donegal, about 1824 (adjoining Conwal Parish; see DEV 1 & 47). (67)

DEV 73:  Same probable ancestry as DEV 71. (67)

DEV 74:  William Devin, died Pittsylvania County, Virginia, 1802, through son Alexander, born 1759, died 1827. (37) (See DEV 39)

 

Surname Variants ending in “y”                    

DVY1: William Deveny, born Dungannon, County Tyrone, to Monmouth, New Jersey where a son William was born 1745. (12)

DVY2: Cornelius Devinney, Strabane, County Tyrone, to United States 1854. (37)

DVY3: Samuel Devenny, born Ireland 1842, to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by 1878 when son Samuel was born. (37)

DVY4:  William Devany, born 1680 Dungannon, County Tyrone,  to Monmouth, New Jersey, where son Aaron was  born 1710. (67)

 

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MARKER MUTATION RATES

 

DYS and other marker designations shown in red across the top row of the table are ones known to mutate at a faster rate than the remaining markers. The average number of generations to the most recent common ancestor (MRCA) is likely to be lower when the difference between two samples is at faster-changing markers.

 

 

HAPLOGROUPS

 

Shown in Column Two is the haplogroup—the major branch of the human family tree descended from a single distant male-line ancestor—to which each sample belongs. Those shown in green have been tested for the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers that define the major haplogroup and any subgroups or clades that have been identified. At least one sample from each cluster except Cluster 2 has been tested definitively, tending to confirm the haplogroup assignments shown in red for other samples in that cluster. Those assignments were predicted based on characteristic patterns of the short tandem repeat (STR) markers tested for this study, but without testing for the defining SNP markers.

 

Sample DEV 12 has also been tested for five additional newly discovered definitive SNP markers, and was positive for S116. This places it (and the rest of Cluster 3) in a new not-yet-published subclade designated R1b1b2a1a2 on the ISOGG 2009 Y-chromosome tree, as recently updated by the International Society of Genetic Genealogy, and which can be seen at http://www.isogg.org/tree/  The marker was too new to appear in the more widely accepted YCC 2008 tree, as revised by the Y-Chromosome Consortium earlier that year, but which includes new markers only after they have appeared in published scientific journals. Until the new S-116 marker (also called P-312 by an independent discoverer) is published and its place determined in a future YCC revised tree, the YCC designation for the new subclade will be R-P312/S116—the first letter for its major haplogroup R, followed by thedesignations of the most junior of the markers that define it. .

 

 

ANALYSIS

 

Cluster 1

 

Twenty of the twenty-four Devine samples in Cluster 1 have been tested at 37 or more markers.  Thirteen of those differ from the modal values at three or fewer markers, and two others at four markers, so they almost certainly descend from a common ancestor who lived within the last four or five centuries, bore some variant of the surname Devine, and had a haplotype or distinctive DNA pattern that was at or close to the modal values. Five others, all characterized by an 11 at GATA-H4 and a 12 at DYS 438, probably descend from a common ancestor whose line diverged from the ancestral line several centuries earlier, as indicated by the additional mutations from the modal values that have accumulated. Most of the markers that differ among Cluster 1 samples are ones that mutate more frequently than the average, further reinforcing the conclusion the lines are all related within the time that hereditary surnames have been used in Ireland. The surname Ó Duibhín is of record in Donaghedy Parish, County Tyrone, as early as 1450.

    

Cluster 2

 

Three of the ten samples in Cluster 2 differ by only five steps or less from the 37-marker  cluster modal values, closely enough related to have a probable common ancestor who bore an Irish form of the surname within the last 15 generations or 500 years. This probability is made more likely by their origins in adjoining Counties Galway and Roscommon. The MRCA Calculator, based on Bruce Walsh, “Estimating the Time to the Most Recent Common Ancestor for the Y chromosome or Mitochondrial DNA for a Pair of Individuals,” Genetics 158 (June 2001): 897-912, using a mutation rate of .004—one change per marker per 250 transmission events (children conceived), divided between the two lines of descent—was used to estimate time to the most recent common ancestor. Five others samples are sufficiently different that they are probably not related to others in the cluster within historic times, but two of them—DEV 24 and DEV 57—with a genetic distance of only six steps are sufficiently close to be related to each other as distant cousins. Their common Devine ancestor probably lived within the last 12 generations or 400 years.

 

Another two samples, both with surname variations ending in Y and identified as DVY 2 and DVY 3, differ at six markers each from hypothetical in-between median values that could have been borne by a common ancestor. The differences are largely at faster-mutating markers, so they match closely enough to descend from an ancestor who may have used an original version of the Devinny-Devenney surname. The median values shown for these two samples differ by three steps from the Cluster 2 modal values for the Devine surname. This is consistent with the traditional view that the surname variants with a final “y” represent a distinct sept centered in eastern County Tyrone. However, DVY 1, with another variant of that surname, more closely matches Cluster 1 at the 12 markers tested and is shown in that cluster. It differs by four steps from the 12-marker modal values of Cluster 2—too distant to be related within the period of written history.

 

Cluster 3   Click here for 67-marker results

 

In Cluster 3, seven closely-matching samples are within one to three steps of the cluster modal values, and even closer to each other. Sample DEV 47 is from a line still residing at Kirkneedy townland, Conwal Parish, County Donegal. It differs by only a single step at 37 markers from samples DEV 13 and DEV 18, from two brothers whose American family originated in the same townland, with a known common ancestor five generations back from their father. Two steps from the two brothers at other markers are DEV 12, from their father’s known first cousin, and the identical DEV 1, from his son. Their two mutations unexpectedly arise in the two generations that separate DEV 12 from his grandfather, the common ancestor of DEV 12 and DEV 18 and their father, who is another grandson of the common ancestor. All five have a distinctive “36” at marker CDY-a, rather than the modal “35,” and this appears to be a “private” marker that identifies all the descendants of two Devine brothers who lived at Kirkneedy in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.. Close to them but without the distinctive CDY-a marker is DEV 2, a Devine of unknown relationship from southeastern County Galway.  DEV 13 and DEV 18 differ from the Galway sample by the same distance as from their father’s first cousin, a one-step mutation at each of two markers, including the fast-mutating CDY-a in the case of DEV 2.. The Donegal and Galway lines are closely enough related to have had a probable common Devine ancestor living in the 1700s, although the earliest known ancestors of the two lines lived a considerable distance apart in 19th-century Ireland.

 

The earliest known ancestor of DEV 51 was born in Ohio in 1909, but is closely enough related to DEV 2 that a Devine ancestor of the two sample donors was probably no further back than six generations, based on the Family Tree DNA Time Predictor, and could well be closer.

 

Another Cluster 3 sample, DEV 28, from a family of record in Kilconduff Parish, County Mayo, in 1826, differs at three of 37 markers from the modal values. Samples DEV 36, by tradition representing a County Tyrone origin but in Pennsylvania by 1755, and DEV 39 differ at five and three markers respectively from the modal values but at only two from each other, showing a close relationship between these two lines. This suggests that a common ancestor for all the Cluster 3 lines could be as far back as 20 generations, but still within the time-frame that hereditary surnames have been used.

 

Cluster 4

 

All four samples in Cluster 4 match closely enough to probably descend from an ancestor with the Devine surname. However, higher-resolution tests of the 12-marker sample will be needed to confirm the closeness of the relationships.

 

Not clustered

 

The three remaining unclustered samples from Haplogroup R1b differ sufficiently from the cluster modal values, and from each other, that their most recent common ancestor probably lived well before hereditary surnames came into use. Therefore each line would have assumed independently the surnames or variants now in use without any biological relationships among them within historic times. The differences are consistent with the recorded descent of DEV 29 from a family of French Huguenot origin that was in County Devon, England, by about 1615 and emigrated to Massachusetts by 1652. The R1b haplogroup, to which it belongs, occurs almost as widely in France as it does in Ireland, but with individual patterns that vary considerable from those found in Ireland, as in this case. Two samples from Haplogroup I, another major population group, differ sufficiently from each other and from the R1b1b2 samples that any common male ancestor for them would have lived thousands of years in the past.

 

ATLANTIC MODAL HAPLOTYPE

 

The Cluster 1 modal values for markers DYS 390, 393, 19, 391, 388 and 392 (columns 3, 4, 5, 6, 10, and 13, shaded in yellow in the table heading and in the Cluster 1 modal values line) are also the six values that define the Atlantic Modal Haplotype. This is the most frequently occurring six-marker DNA pattern found along the Atlantic coast of Europe, from Basque country on the French-Spanish border north to the Scots highlands. Twelve Cluster 1 samples display this common motif—DEV 3, DEV 4, DEV 5, DEV 9, DEV 11, DEV 14, DEV 20, DEV 22, DEV 23, DEV 25, DEV 30, and DVY1.

 

 

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