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            Baldwin Surname DNA Study – Cluster 1 Results at Medium and High Resolution            30 November 2008

                     This summary shows only markers where differences from the cluster modal values were found

  

B

A

L

 

ID

#

Location & Date

*

3
8

9
|
2

--

1

4
5
8

4

5

4

4

6

0

4
5

6

5

7

0

 

 

 

C
D
Y

b

4

4

2

4

9

0

5

3

4

 

 

 

 

 

Diff. from modal

 

FTDNA Sequence No.

12

13

17

26

30

33

35

36

54

55

 

 

Cluster 1 modal values. Buckinghamshire

16

17

12

11

16

18

37

12

13

15

 

5

James NJ~1775>KY

16

16

12

11

16

18

37

12

13

15

1/67

31

Ezekiel NJ~1748

16

17

12

11

16

18

37

12

 

 

0/37

13

John Stoninggton CT~1638

16

17

12

11

16

18

37

12

 

 

0/37

30

Richard Milford CT~1638

16

18

12

11

16

18

37

12

13

15

1/67

29

Isaac PA~1780>OH

17

17

12

11

16

18

37

12

12

16

3/67

14

Nathaniel Milford CT~1638

16

17

12

11

16

19

37

12

13

15

1/67

56

Nathaniel Milford CT~1638

16

17

12

13

16

20

37

12

 

 

2/37

17

Joseph PA 1749>VA

16

17

12

11

16

19

37

12

13

15

1/67

9

William CT>OH~1810

16

17

12

11

16

19

37

12

13

16

2/67

36

William OH~1825

16

17

11

10

15

19

37

12

 

 

4/37

51

William CT>OH~1810

16

17

11

10

16

19

36

12

 

 

4/37

 

Variances from the modal, or most frequently occurring, values are shown in red. The more variations among the same number of markers, the higher the probability that a surname-line ancestor bearing the modal values lived further in the past.

BAL 36 and BAL 51 differ from the modal values by four steps each at 37 markers, but by only two steps from each other. However, the difference is in a range where we can’t determine with confidence whether a single William in the early 19th century was the progenitor of both lines, or whether their common ancestor was further back in the past, but the latter is more probable. Their common ancestor is clearly distinct from the William represented by BAL 9, whether he was contemporary with BAL 9’s ancestor or lived further in the past.

One consistent pattern that can be observed is the value “19”(in one case with a one-step higher additional mutation) at DYS 570, which appears to be associated with an English Baldwin family from Cholesbury, Buckinghamshire, to which Nathaniel of Milford, Connecticut, belonged. Those samples with “18” at DYS 590 are found in a related but distinct Baldwin family from Aston Clinton in Buckinghamshire, and may be distinctive to it.