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Family of John * ALDEN and Priscilla * MULLINS

Husband: John * ALDEN (1599-1687)
Wife: Priscilla * MULLINS (1602-1688)
Children: Elizabeth ALDEN (1624- )
John ALDEN (1626- )
Joseph ALDEN (1627- )
Sarah ALDEN (1628- )
Jonathan ALDEN (1630- )
Ruth ALDEN (1632- )
Rebecca * ALDEN (1634-1688)
Mary ALDEN (1636- )
Priscilla ALDEN (1638- )
David ALDEN (1640- )
Marriage 1621 Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, US1,2

Husband: John * ALDEN

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John * ALDEN

Name: John * ALDEN
Sex: Male
Father: George * ALDEN (1575-1620)
Mother: Jane * FOWLK (1584-1664)
Birth 1599 Southampton, Hampshire, England
Baptism 6 Jul 1600 (age 0-1) St. John's Church3
Hackney, Middlesex, England
Occupation Cooper
Immigration 1620 (age 20-21) to Plymouth Colony
MA, US
Arrived on the vessel "Mayflower"
Census 1632 (age 32-33) Plymouth, Plymouth, MA, US4
Death 12 Sep 1687 (age 87-88) Duxbury, Plymouth, MA5
Burial Myles Standish Burying Ground
Duxbury, Plymouth, MA, US

Wife: Priscilla * MULLINS

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Priscilla * MULLINS

Name: Priscilla * MULLINS
Sex: Female
Father: William * MULLINS (1578-1621)
Mother: Alice * ATWOOD (1574-1621)
Birth 1602 Dorking, Surrey, England
Immigration 1620 (age 17-18) to Plymouth Colony6
Arrived on board the vessel "Mayflower"
Death 5 Feb 1688 (age 85-86) Duxbury, Plymouth, MA
Burial Myles Standish Burying Ground
Duxbury, Plymouth, MA, US

Child 1: Elizabeth ALDEN

Name: Elizabeth ALDEN
Sex: Female
Birth 1624

Child 2: John ALDEN

Name: John ALDEN
Sex: Male
Birth 1626

Child 3: Joseph ALDEN

Name: Joseph ALDEN
Sex: Male
Birth 1627

Child 4: Sarah ALDEN

Name: Sarah ALDEN
Sex: Female
Birth 1628

Child 5: Jonathan ALDEN

Name: Jonathan ALDEN
Sex: Male
Birth 1630

Child 6: Ruth ALDEN

Name: Ruth ALDEN
Sex: Female
Birth 1632

Child 7: Rebecca * ALDEN

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Spouse: Thomas * DELANO

Name: Rebecca * ALDEN
Sex: Female
Spouse: Thomas * DELANO (1642-1723)
Birth 1634 Duxbury, Plymouth, MA
Death 12 Sep 1688 (age 53-54) Duxbury, Plymouth, MA

Child 8: Mary ALDEN

Name: Mary ALDEN
Sex: Female
Birth 1636

Child 9: Priscilla ALDEN

Name: Priscilla ALDEN
Sex: Female
Birth 1638

Child 10: David ALDEN

Name: David ALDEN
Sex: Male
Birth 1640

Note on Husband: John * ALDEN

MAYFLOWER!! John Alden (1599 – September 12, 1687) is said to be the first person from the Mayflower to set foot on Plymouth Rock in 1620.[1] He was a ship-carpenter by trade and a cooper for Mayflower, which was usually docked at Southampton.[2] He was also one of the founders of Plymouth Colony and the seventh signer of the Mayflower Compact. Distinguished for practical wisdom, integrity and decision, he acquired and retained a commanding influence over his associates.[3] Employed in public business he became the Governor's Assistant, the Duxbury Deputy to the General Court of Plymouth, a member under arms of Capt. Miles Standish's Duxbury Company, a member of Council of War, Treasurer of Plymouth Colony, and Commissioner to Yarmouth.[4]

 

ohn Alden was among the original settlers of the Plymouth Colony. Although not himself a Pilgrim he had been hired to repair Mayflower while she lay off Southampton, England and decided to journey when she set sail, perhaps with the hope of being prosperous in the New World, or because he wished to follow Priscilla Mullins.[2] John was not the only man who would fall for Priscilla. His friend, military Captain Miles Standish came to love the maiden throughout the long voyage of 1620. A love triangle ensued with the result of John ultimately winning Priscilla's hand.[5] They married on May 12, 1622. That denouement plus Alden's engagement with rivaling Indians who plotted to kill newcomers[6] is told elaborately in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, The Courtship of Miles Standish.

 

From 1633 until 1675, he was assistant to the governor of the Plymouth Colony, frequently serving as acting governor and also on many juries, including one witch trial.

 

In 1634, Alden was jailed, in Boston, for a fight at Kenebeck in Maine between members of the Plymouth Colony and the Massachusetts Bay Colony. While Alden did not participate in the fight (which left one person dead) he was the highest ranking member from Plymouth that the Massachusetts Bay colonists found to arrest. It was only through the intervention of Bradford that he was eventually released.

 

In later years, Alden became known for his intense dislike of Quakers and Baptists, who were settling on Cape Cod. A letter survives complaining that Alden was too harsh in his dealings with them.

[edit] Final days and legacy

Myles Standish Burial Ground, the final resting place of John and Priscilla Alden

John Alden's House, built ca. 1653, in Duxbury, Massachusetts

 

John Alden was the last male survivor of the signers of the Mayflower Compact, and with the exception of Mary Allerton, he was the last survivor of the Mayflower's company. He died at Duxbury[7] on September 12, 1687. Both he and his wife Priscilla lie buried in the Miles Standish Burial Ground.

 

The Alden residence is also in Duxbury, on the north side of the village, on a farm which is still in possession of their descendants of the seventh generation. He made no will, having distributed the greater part of his estate among his children during his lifetime.[8]

 

John Alden's House, now a National Historic Landmark, was built in 1653 and is open to the public as a museum. It is run by the Alden Kindred of America, an organization which provides historical information about him and his home, including genealogical records of his descendants. John and Priscilla had the following children who survived to adulthood: Elizabeth, John (accused during the Salem witch trials), Joseph, Priscilla, Robert, Jonathan, Sarah, Ruth, Mary, Rebecca, and David. They have the most descendants today of all the pilgrim families.[3]

[edit] Ancestry

 

There are several theories regarding Alden's ancestry. According to William Bradford’s Of Plimoth Plantation, he was hired as a cooper in Southampton, England, just before the voyage to America. In The English Ancestry and Homes of the Pilgrim Fathers, Charles Edward Banks suggested that John was the son of George and Jane Alden and grandson of Richard and Avys Alden of Southampton. However, there are no further occurrences of the names George, Richard, and Avys in his family which would have been unusual in the seventeenth century.

 

Another theory is that John Alden came from Harwich, England, where there are records of an Alden family who were related by marriage to Christopher Jones, the Mayflower’s captain. In this case, he may have been the son of John Alden and Elizabeth Daye.

[edit] Descendants

 

Of all the marriages that were a product of Mayflower couples, John and Priscilla Alden have the most descendants, for they had ten children. They include Presidents John Adams, John Quincy Adams, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and many other well known figures in American history.

 

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American Colonial Figure. One of the charter members of the Plymouth Colony in America, he arrived on the first voyage of the "Mayflower". At the time of the sailing of the vessel in 1620 for America, he was about twenty-one years old. William Bradford, second governor of the colony, wrote that John Alden was "hired for a cooper, at South Hampton (England), where the ship victualed (brought on food for the voyage); and being a hopeful young man, was much desired, but left to his own liking to go or stay when he came here; but he stayed and married here." His trade of cooper (barrel maker) was one of the vital trades needed by the colonists. John married fellow Mayflower pilgrim Priscilla Mullins, about 1623, but the exact date has been lost to history. He became one of the Purchasers and Undertakers for the colony, serving also as Assistant in the Colony government, Deputy Governor, Colony Treasurer, and a member of the committee in charge of revising laws. He was one of the founders of Duxbury, Massachusetts, and owned several pieces of property. Although he died without a will, an inventory of his property at the time of his death was taken in November 1687. A legend of a rivalry between himself and pilgrim Miles Standish for Priscilla Mullins arose, and was first published in the book, "Collection of American Epitaphs and Inscriptions" in 1814, by Timothy Alden. The story was popularized by the poem, "The Courtship of Miles Standish" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1858, however, there is no documentation of such a rivalry to have existed in any of the records of the Plymouth Colony. (bio by: Kit and Morgan Benson)

Family links:

Spouse:

Priscilla Mullins Alden (1602 - 1685)

Children:

Elizabeth Alden Pabodie (1624 - 1717)*

Joseph Alden (1627 - 1697)*

Sarah Alden Standish (1627 - 1688)*

John Alden (1627 - 1702)*

Jonathan Alden (1632 - 1697)*

Ruth Alden Bass (1634 - 1674)*

Priscilla Alden Cheeseborough (1639 - 1688)*

David Alden (1645 - 1719)*

Mary Alden (1645 - 1688)*

David Alden (1646 - 1718)*

Rebecca Alden Delano (1649 - 1723)*

Note on Wife: Priscilla * MULLINS

MAYFLOWER!! Priscilla Alden (née Mullins or Mullens), (c. 1602–c. 1685), noted member of Massachusetts's Plymouth Colony of Pilgrims, was the wife of fellow colonist John Alden (c. 1599–1687). They married in 1623 in Plymouth.

Priscilla was most likely born in Dorking in Surrey, the daughter of William and Alice Mullins. Priscilla was a seventeen-year-old girl when she boarded the Mayflower. She lost her parents and her brother Joseph during the first winter in Plymouth.[1] She was then the only one of her family in the New World, although she had another brother and a sister who remained in England. She spun wool and flax for the colony, taught children, and helped with the cooking.

 

John Alden and Priscilla Mullins were likely the third couple to be married in Plymouth Colony. William Bradford’s marriage to Alice Carpenter on August 14, 1624, is known to be the fourth.[2] The first was that of Edward Winslow and Susannah White in 1621. Francis Eaton’s marriage to his second wife, Dorothy, maidservant to the Carvers, was possibly the second.[3]

 

Priscilla is last recorded in the records in 1650, but oral tradition states that she died only a few years before her husband (which would be about 1680). She lies buried at the Miles Standish Burial Ground in Duxbury, Massachusetts. While the exact location of her grave is unknown, there is a marker honoring her.

[edit] Longfellow's poem

A scene from Longfellow's The Courtship of Miles Standish, showing Standish looking upon Alden and Mullins during the bridal procession

 

She is known to literary history as the unrequited love of the newly widowed Captain Miles Standish, the colony's military advisor, in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's 1858 poem The Courtship of Miles Standish. According to the poem, Standish asked his good friend John Alden to propose to Priscilla on his behalf, only to have Priscilla ask, “Why don’t you speak for yourself, John?”

 

Longfellow (a direct descendant of John and Priscilla) based his poem on a romanticized version of a family tradition, though there is no independent historical evidence for the account. The basic story was apparently handed down in the Alden family and published by John and Priscilla’s great-great-grandson, Rev. Timothy Alden, in 1814.[4]

[edit] The Alden children

 

Priscilla and John Alden had ten children, with a possible eleventh dying in infancy. It is presumed, although not documented, that the first three children were born in Plymouth, the remainder in Duxbury.[5] The children were:

 

John (1626–1701). Moved to Boston and married there Elizabeth (Phillips) Everill, widow of Abiel Everill. They also had thirteen children. He was a mariner and became a naval commander of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was a member of the Old South Church of Boston and his ancient slate headstone is embedded in the wall there. Perhaps the best known event of his life is when, on a trip to Salem, he was accused of witchcraft, spending fifteen weeks in a Boston jail. He escaped shortly before nine of the other victims were executed/murdered during the Salem witch trials. Alden was later exonerated.

Elizabeth. (1624/25–1717). Married William Pabodie (Peabody), a civic and military leader of Duxbury, where all thirteen of their children were born. They moved to Little Compton, Rhode Island, where Elizabeth died in 1717 at the age of about ninety-four. Their descendants were prominent in settling areas of Rhode Island and Connecticut. From Elizabeth’s line comes the one individual most credited with spreading the fame of John and Priscilla far and wide, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in his Courtship of Miles Standish.

Joseph. (1627-1697) Moved to Bridgewater where he was a farmer on land purchased earlier from the Indians by his father and Myles Standish. He married Mary Simmons. They had a total of seven children. Joseph died sometime after.

Sarah. Her marriage to Myles Standish's son, Alexander, undercuts any idea of a long-standing feud between the Aldens and the Standish clan. In fact, there is much evidence to suggest that John and Myles remained lifelong friends or, at the minimum, associates. Sarah and Alexander lived in Duxbury until Sarah’s death sometime before June 1688. (Alexander subsequently married Desire Doty, a twice widowed daughter of Pilgrim Edward Doty.) They had seven or possibly eight children. Their home, Alexander Standish House, in Duxbury still stands.

Jonathan. Married Abigail Hallett December 10, 1672. Lived in Duxbury until his death February 14, 1697. Was the second owner of the Alden House which he received from his father. The house then passed to his own son, John. Six children. At his funeral oration, Jonathan was described as "a sincere Christian, one whose heart was in the house of God even when his body was barred hence by restraints of many difficulties which confined him at home."

Ruth. Married John Bass of Braintree, Massachusetts, where they lived and had seven children. Of the more illustrious descendants of this union came Presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams. Ruth died on October 12, 1674.

Rebecca. Married Thomas Delano of Duxbury by 1667, a son of Philip Delanoye, one of the original settlers of Duxbury. They had nine children. Died in Duxbury sometime after June 13, 1688.

Mary. No record of birth or marriage. Died after June 13, 1688.

Priscilla. Same information as for Mary.

David. Married Mary Southworth, daughter of Constant Southworth of Plymouth Colony. Died sometime during 1718 or 1719. Six children. A man described as "a prominent member of the church, a man of great respectability and much employed in public business."

 

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Priscil la Mullins, it is believed was born in or near Dorking, Surrey, England, and that she was in her teens in 1620, when she, her parents, and her brother Joseph came to America on the Mayflower.Her parents and her brother died in the sickness that took so many lives during the first winter at Plymouth Colony, leaving her orphaned. Priscilla probably then moved in with the Brewster family. Priscilla was one of the surviving women, who became a family, bound together by common needs and sorrows. It can be surmised that she grew close to the other young members of the colony, and possibly to John Alden. John Alden was hired as a cooper—a barrel maker—to take care of the barrels aboard the Mayflower when it set sail for the New World in early fall of 1620. When his contract was up, but he decided to remain in New England when the Mayflower returned home to England. Priscilla is probably the best known woman who sailed to America on the Mayflower, because of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem The Courtship of Miles Standish. According to Longfellow's legend, John Alden spoke to Priscilla Mullins on behalf of Miles Standish, who was interested in the lovely young woman. But she asked, "Why don’t you speak for yourself, John?" And he realized that she was interested in him.

 

Priscilla Mullins married John Alden, certainly by 1623, because she isn't listed separately in the 1623 Division of Land at Plymouth Colony. Each man drew lots to determine the location of his land. John Alden's grant was "on the other side of the bay" from the original Plymouth settlement. There isn't much known about their early married life, but records show that by 1627 they were living in a house on the hillside, across from the Governor's house and near the fort. John Alden served in various offices in the government of the Colony. He was elected as assistant to the governor and Plymouth Court as early as 1631, and was regularly re-elected throughout the 1630s. At first, the colonists only planted crops on the land given them at the Division of Land. But by 1632, John Alden, and others, wanted to stay on their new land year round, and Plymouth Colony reluctantly agreed. There, the Aldens helped to found the town of Duxbury, and raised their ten children.Alden served as Duxbury's deputy to the Plymouth Court throughout the 1640s. In the 1650s, he built a large house for his family in Duxbury, which still stands today. In the 1660s, the Plymouth Court provided him a number of land grants and cash grants to better provide for his family. Throughout the 1670s, Alden began distributing his land holdings to his surviving sons. Virtually nothing else is known of Priscilla's later life. The date of her death is unknown. John died in 1687 at the age of 89, one of the last surviving Mayflower passengers.

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American Colonial Figure. One of the charter members of the Plymouth Colony, arriving on the first voyage of the "Mayflower", her marriage to John Alden is the third known marriage in the Plymouth colony. Born in Dorking, Surrey, England, she was a young girl of 16 or 17 at the time of the sailing of the Mayflower in 1620 for America, when she arrived with her parents. When her parents died in the first winter ashore, in early 1621, a hard time when about half of the colony perished, she chose to stay with the Pilgrims even though she had a brother and sister surviving in England. Between the time of her parents' deaths in 1621 and her marriage to John Alden about 1623, it is not known whom she stayed with or how she survived. John married Priscilla Mullins about 1623, but the exact date has been lost to history. A legend of a rivalry between John Alden and pilgrim Miles Standish for Priscilla Mullins arose, and was first published in the book, "Collection of American Epitaphs and Inscriptions" in 1814, by Timothy Alden. The story was popularized by the poem, "The Courtship of Miles Standish" by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1858, however, there is no documentation of such a rivalry to have existed in any of the records of the Plymouth Colony

Sources

1"U.S. and International Marriage Records, 1550-1900" (on-line, Yates Publishing, Provo, UT).
2"U.S. New England Marriages prior to 1700".
3"London, England - Baptisms, Marriages and Burials, 1538-1812".
4"Massachusetts Census, 1790-1890".
5"Mayflower Births and Deaths Vol 1 and 2".
6"Passenger and Immigrations Lists Index 1500-1900".