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Family of Richard + FITZALAN and Eleanor + of LANCASTER

Husband: Richard + FITZALAN (1306-1376)
Wife: Eleanor + of LANCASTER (1318-1371)
Children: Joan + FITZALAN (1347-1419)
Thomas FITZALAN (1350- )
Marriage 5 Feb 1344 Ditton Church, Stokes Poges, Buckinghamshire, England

Husband: Richard + FITZALAN

Name: Richard + FITZALAN
Sex: Male
Nickname: Copped Hat
Father: Edmund + FITZALAN (1285-1326)
Mother: Alice + of WARREN (1287-1338)
Birth 1306 Arundel, Sussex, England
Occupation Earl of Arundel
Title frm 1331 to 1376 (age 24-70) Earl of Arundel
Title frm 1347 to 1376 (age 40-70) Earl of Surrey
Death 24 Jan 1376 (age 69-70) Arundel, Sussex, England

Wife: Eleanor + of LANCASTER

Name: Eleanor + of LANCASTER
Sex: Female
Father: Henry + PLANTAGENET (1281-1345)
Mother: Maud + of CHAWORTH (1282-bef1322)
Birth 11 Sep 1318 Grismond Castle, Monmouthshire, England
Occupation Countess of Arundel
Death 11 Jan 1371 (age 52) Arundel, Sussex, England
Burial Lewes Priory, Sussex

Child 1: Joan + FITZALAN

Name: Joan + FITZALAN
Sex: Female
Spouse: Humphrey + of BOHUN (1342-1372)
Birth 1347 Arundel, Sussex, England
Death 7 Apr 1419 (age 71-72) Saffran Walden, Essex, England

Child 2: Thomas FITZALAN

Name: Thomas FITZALAN
Sex: Male
Birth 1350

Note on Husband: Richard + FITZALAN

Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and 8th Earl of Surrey (9th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots) (c. 1306 – 24 January 1376) was an English nobleman and medieval military leader.

FitzAlan was the eldest son of Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel (8th Earl of Arundel per Ancestral Roots), and Alice de Warenne. His maternal grandparents were William de Warenne and Joan de Vere. William was the only son of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey.

 

He was born 1306 in Sussex, England and died 24 January 1376 in Sussex, England.

 

[edit] Alliance with the DespensersAround 1321, FitzAlan's father allied with King Edward II's favorites, Hugh le Despenser, 1st Earl of Winchester and his namesake son, and Richard was married to Isabel le Despenser, daughter of Hugh the Younger. Fortune turned against the Despenser party, and on 17 November 1326, FitzAlan's father was executed, and he did not succeed to his father's estates or titles.

 

[edit] Gradual restorationHowever, political conditions had changed by 1330, and over the next few years Richard was gradually able to reacquire the Earldom of Arundel as well as the great estates his father had held in Sussex and in the Welsh Marches.

 

Beyond this, in 1334 he was made Justiciar of North Wales (later his term in this office was made for life), High Sheriff of Caernarvonshire for life and Governor of Caernarfon Castle. He was one of the most trusted supporters of Edward the Black Prince in Wales.

 

[edit] Military service in ScotlandDespite his high offices in Wales, in the following decades Arundel spent much of his time fighting in Scotland (during the Second Wars of Scottish Independence) and France (during the Hundred Years' War). In 1337, Arundel was made Joint Commander of the English army in the north, and the next year he was made the sole Commander.

 

[edit] Notable victoriesIn 1340 he fought at the Battle of Sluys, and then at the siege of Tournai. After a short term as Warden of the Scottish Marches, he returned to the continent, where he fought in a number of campaigns, and was appointed Joint Lieutenant of Aquitaine in 1340.

 

Arundel was one of the three principal English commanders at the Battle of Crécy. He spent much of the following years on various military campaigns and diplomatic missions.

 

[edit] Great wealthIn 1347 he succeeded to the Earldom of Surrey (or Warenne), which even further increased his great wealth. (He did not however use the additional title until after the death of the Dowager Countess of Surrey in 1361.) He made very large loans to King Edward III but even so on his death left behind a great sum in hard cash.

 

[edit] Marriages and ChildrenBy his first marriage to Isabel le Despenser (living 1356), he had:

 

Edmund de Arundel, (who was bastardized by the annulment), married Sybil, daughter of William Montacute, 1st Earl of Salisbury. Their daughter, Philippa de Arundel, married Sir Richard Sergeaux, Knt, of Cornwall.[1]

By the second marriage to Eleanor of Lancaster, he had 3 sons and 3 surviving daughters:

 

Richard, who succeeded him as 11th Earl of Arundel.

John Fitzalan, 1st Baron Maltravers, who was a Marshall of England, and drowned in 1379.

Thomas Arundel, who became Archbishop of Canterbury

Joan (1348 - 7 April 1419) who married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford.

Alice (1350 - 17 March 1416), who married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent.

Eleanor Fitzalan (1356 - before 1366).

Richard Fitzalan and his second wife Eleanor of Lancaster's tombstones are in Chichester Cathedral and famously the subject of the poem "An Arundel Tomb" by Philip Larkin.

Note on Wife: Eleanor + of LANCASTER

Eleanor of Lancaster, Countess of Arundel (sometimes called Eleanor Plantagenet;[1] 11 September 1318 – 11 January 1372) was the fifth daughter of Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster and Maud Chaworth.

 

First marriage and issue6 November 1330, she married John de Beaumont, 2nd Baron Beaumont, son of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan (c. 1288 - 1340) and his wife Alice Comyn (1289- 3 July 1349). They had two children:

 

1.Henry Beaumont, 3rd Baron Beaumont, (4 April 1340 – 17 June 1369). He was the first husband of the daughter of Maud de Badlesmere and John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford, Lady Margaret de Vere (died 15 June 1398), by whom he had issue.

2.Matilda Beaumont (died July 1367), married Hugh de Courtenay

Eleanor was a lady-in-waiting to Queen Philippa, and was in service to her in Ghent when her son Henry was born. John de Beaumont died in a tournament on 14 April 1342.

 

[edit] Second marriageOn 5 February 1344 at Ditton Church, Stoke Poges, Buckinghamshire, she married Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel.[2]

 

His previous marriage, to Isabel le Despenser, had taken place when they were children. It was annulled by Papal mandate as she, since her father's attainder and execution, had ceased to be of any importance to him. Pope Clement VI obligingly annulled the marriage, bastardized the issue, and provided a dispensation for his second marriage to the woman with whom he had been living in adultery (the dispensation, dated 4 March 1344/1345, was required because his first and second wives were first cousins).

 

The children of Eleanor's second marriage were:

 

1.Richard (1346–1397), who succeeded as Earl of Arundel

2.John Fitzalan (bef 1349 - 1379)

3.Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury (c. 1345 - 19 February 1413)

4.Joan Fitzalan (1347/1348 - 7 April 1419), married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford

5.Alice Fitzalan (1350 - 17 March 1416), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (Thomas Holand)

6.Mary Fitzalan (died 29 August 1396), married John Le Strange, 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere, by whom she had issue

7.Eleanor Fitzalan (1356 - before 1366)

[edit] Later lifeEleanor died at Arundel and was buried at Lewes Priory in Lewes, Sussex, England. Her husband was buried beside her; in his will Richard requests to be buried "near to the tomb of Eleanor de Lancaster, my wife; and I desire that my tomb be no higher than hers, that no men at arms, horses, hearse, or other pomp, be used at my funeral, but only five torches...as was about the corpse of my wife, be allowed."