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Family of Hugh + BIGOD and Maud + MARSHAL

Husband: Hugh + BIGOD (1182-1225)
Wife: Maud + MARSHAL (1192-1248)
Children: Roger BIGOD (1209- )
Hugh BIGOD (1211-1266)
Isabel + BIGOD (1212-1250)
Ralph BIGOD (1215- )
Marriage 1207 Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales

Husband: Hugh + BIGOD

Name: Hugh + BIGOD
Sex: Male
Father: Roger + BIGOD (1150-1221)
Mother: Ida + of TOENI (1153- )
Birth 1182 Thetford, Northumberland, England
Occupation Earl of Norfolk
Death 18 Feb 1225 (age 42-43) England

Wife: Maud + MARSHAL

Name: Maud + MARSHAL
Sex: Female
Father: William + MARSHAL (1146-1219)
Mother: Isabel + of CLARE (1166-1220)
Birth 1192 Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales
Occupation Countess of Norfolk and Surrey
Death 27 Mar 1248 (age 55-56)
Burial Tintern Abbey, Chapel Hill, Monmouthshire, England

Child 1: Roger BIGOD

Name: Roger BIGOD
Sex: Male
Birth 1209

Child 2: Hugh BIGOD

Name: Hugh BIGOD
Sex: Male
Spouse: Joan of STUTEVILLE (1215?- )
Birth 1211
Death 1266 (age 54-55)

Child 3: Isabel + BIGOD

Name: Isabel + BIGOD
Sex: Female
Spouse 1: Gilbert + of LACY (1202-1230)
Spouse 2: John + FITZGEOFFREY (1213-1258)
Birth 1212 Thetford, Norfolk, England
Occupation Lady of Shere
Death 1250 (age 37-38)

Child 4: Ralph BIGOD

Name: Ralph BIGOD
Sex: Male
Birth 1215

Note on Husband: Hugh + BIGOD

Hugh Bigod (c. 1182 – 1225) was the eldest son of Roger Bigod, 2nd Earl of Norfolk, and for a short time the 3rd Earl of Norfolk.

 

In 1215 he was one of the twenty-five sureties of Magna Carta of King John. He succeeded to his father’s estates (including Framlingham Castle) in 1221 but died in his early forties in 1225.

 

In late 1206 or early 1207, Hugh was married to Maud Marshal (1192 - 27 March 1248), daughter of Sir William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke. Together they had five children:

 

Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk, born c. 1209. Died childless.

Hugh Bigod (1211-1266), Justiciar of England. Married Joan de Stuteville, by whom he had issue.

Isabel Bigod (c. 1212- 1250), married firstly, Gilbert de Lacy, by whom she had issue; she married secondly, John FitzGeoffrey, Lord of Shere, by whom she had issue, including Maud FitzJohn, and Joan FitzJohn who married Theobald le Botiller, and from whom descended the Irish Earls of Ormond.

Ralph Bigod (born c. 1215)

Contrary to the assertion of Frederick Lewis Weis, Ancestral Roots, there is no evidence for a fourth son called Simon Bigod. A man of that name appears as a witness to one of Earl Hugh's charters [Morris, HBII 2], but as the eighteenth name in a list of twenty, suggesting no close connection to the main branch of the family. He is also named among the knights who surrendered to King John at Framlingham Castle in 1216. He was a probably a descendant of Hugh or William Bigod, half-brothers to Earl Roger II Bigod.

 

Very soon after Hugh's death, Maud married William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey

Note on Wife: Maud + MARSHAL

Maud Marshal, Countess of Norfolk, Countess of Surrey (1192 – 27 March 1248) was an Anglo-Norman noblewoman and a wealthy co-heiress of her father William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke, and her mother Isabel de Clare suo jure 4th Countess of Pembroke. Maud was their eldest daughter.[1] She had two husbands: Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk, and William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey.

 

Maud was also known as Matilda Marshal

Matilda's birthdate is unknown other than being post 1191. She was the eldest daughter of William Marshal, 1st Earl of Pembroke and Isabel de Clare, 4th Countess of Pembroke, herself one of the greatest heiresses in Wales and Ireland. Maud had five brothers and four younger sisters. She was a co-heiress to her parents' extensive rich estates.

 

Her paternal grandparents were John FitzGilbert Marshal and Sybilla of Salisbury, and her maternal grandparents were Richard de Clare, 2nd Earl of Pembroke, known as "Strongbow", and Aoife of Leinster.

 

[edit] Marriages and issueSometime before Lent in 1207, Maud married her first husband, Hugh Bigod, 3rd Earl of Norfolk. It was through this marriage between Maud and Hugh that the post of Earl Marshal of England came finally to the Howard Dukes of Norfolk.[2] In 1215, Hugh was one of the twenty-five sureties of the Magna Carta. He came into his inheritance in 1221, thus Maud became the Countess of Norfolk at that time. Together they had five children:[3]

 

Roger Bigod, 4th Earl of Norfolk (1209–1270), married Isabella of Scotland. He died childless.

Hugh Bigod (1212–1266), Justiciar of England. Married Joan de Stuteville, by whom he had issue.

Isabel Bigod (c. 1215–1250), married firstly Gilbert de Lacy of Ewyas Lacy, by whom she had issue; she married secondly John FitzGeoffrey, Lord of Shere, by whom she had issue.

Ralph Bigod (born c. 1218, date of death unknown), married Bertha de Furnival, by whom he had one child.

William Bigod

Hugh Bigod died in 1225. Maud married her second husband, William de Warenne, 5th Earl of Surrey before 13 October that same year. Together they had two children:

 

John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey (August 1231 – c. 29 September 1304), in 1247 married Alice le Brun de Lusignan, a half-sister of King Henry III of England, by whom he had three children.

Isabella de Warenne (c. 1228 – before 20 September 1282), married Hugh d'Aubigny, 5th Earl of Arundel. She died childless.

Maud's second husband died in 1240. Her youngest son John succeeded his father as the 6th Earl of Surrey, but as he was a minor, Peter of Savoy, uncle of Queen consort Eleanor of Provence, was guardian of his estates.

 

[edit] DeathMaud died on 27 March 1248 at the age of about fifty-six years and was buried at Tintern Abbey with her mother, possibly her maternal grandmother, and two of her brothers.

 

[edit] Maud Marshal in literatureMaud Marshal is the subject of a novel by Elizabeth Chadwick, titled To Defy a King. In the book she is called Mahelt rather than Maud. She and her first husband Hugh Bigod appear as secondary characters in books chronicling their parents's lives: The Time of Singing (UK: Sphere, 2008) published in the USA as For the King's Favor; The Greatest Knight; and The Scarlet Lion