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Family of Louis VI +* and Adelaide +* of MAURIENNE

Husband: Louis VI +* (1081-1137)
Wife: Adelaide +* of MAURIENNE (1092-1154)
Children: Philip of FRANCE (1116-1131)
Louis VII + (1119-1180)
Henry (1121-1175)
Hugues (1122- )
Robert I +* CAPET (1123-1188)
Constance (1124- )
Peter I + of COURTENAY ( -1183)
Philip (1125- )
Marriage 3 Aug 1115 Paris, Seine, Ile-de France,France

Husband: Louis VI +*

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Louis VI +*

Name: Louis VI +*
Sex: Male
Nickname: Louis the Fat
Father: Philip I +* (1052-1108)
Mother: Bertha +* of HOLLAND (1054-1093)
Birth 1 Dec 1081 France
Occupation King of France
Title King of France
Death 1 Aug 1137 (age 55) Chateau de Bbethizy, Paris, Ile-de-France

Wife: Adelaide +* of MAURIENNE

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Adelaide +* of MAURIENNE

Name: Adelaide +* of MAURIENNE1,2
Sex: Female
Father: Humbert II + (1062-1103)
Mother: Gisela + of BURGUNDY (1064-1133)
Birth 1092 Savoie, Rhones-Alpes, France
Occupation Queen Consort of the Franks
Title frm 1115 to 1137 (age 22-45) Queen Consort of the Franks
Death 18 Nov 1154 (age 61-62) Montmartre
Burial Church of St, Piere at Montmarte

Child 1: Philip of FRANCE

Name: Philip of FRANCE
Sex: Male
Birth 1116
Death 1131 (age 14-15)

Child 2: Louis VII +

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Spouse: Eleanor of AQUITAINE

Name: Louis VII +
Sex: Male
Spouse 1: Eleanor of AQUITAINE (1121-1204)
Spouse 2: Adaele + (1140-1206)
Birth 1119 Reims, Champagne, France
Occupation King of France
Title King of France
Death 18 Sep 1180 (age 60-61) Paris, Seine, Ile-de France,France

Child 3: Henry

Name: Henry
Sex: Male
Birth 1121
Death 1175 (age 53-54)

Child 4: Hugues

Name: Hugues
Sex: Male
Birth 1122

Child 5: Robert I +* CAPET

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Robert I +* CAPET

Name: Robert I +* CAPET
Sex: Male
Spouse 1: Agnes of GARLANDE (1122-1143)
Spouse 2: Hawise of SALISBURY (1118-1152)
Spouse 3: Agnes +* of BAUDEMONT (1125-1218)
Birth 1123 Reims, Champagne, France
Occupation Count of Dreux
Death 11 Oct 1188 (age 64-65) Braine, Champagne, France

Child 6: Constance

Name: Constance
Sex: Female
Birth 1124

Child 7: Peter I + of COURTENAY

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Peter I + of COURTENAY

Name: Peter I + of COURTENAY
Sex: Male
Spouse: Isabelle + of COURTENAY (1127-1205)
Birth "9/1126" Reims, Champagne, France
Occupation Prince of France
Title Prince of France
Death 10 Apr 1183 Palestine
Burial floor tomb in Exeter Cathedral

Child 8: Philip

Name: Philip
Sex: Male
Birth 1125

Note on Husband: Louis VI +*

LOUIS THIBAUT de France, son of PHILIPPE I King of France & his first wife Bertha of Holland (Paris end 1081-Château Bethizy, near Paris 1 Aug 1137, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). Orderic Vitalis names "Ludovicum-Tedbaldum et Constantiam" as the children of Philippe I King of France and his wife "Bertrandam, Florentii Frisiorum ducis filiam"[309]. The Historia Regum Francorum Monasterii Sancti Dionysii names "Ludovicum regem et filiam unam Constanciam" as children of "Philippus rex [et] uxorem sororem Roberti Flandrensis comitis"[310]. The difficulty of dating Louis´s birth is discussed fully by Luchaire, who opts for end 1081 as the most likely possibility[311]. Louis´s birth would be dated to [1077/78] if Suger is correct in recording that he was about sixty years old when he died[312]. The early 12th century Vita Sancti Arnulfi Bishop of Soissons by Hariulf records Louis´s birth in 1081[313]. This date is corroborated by the Chronicon S. Petri Catalaunensis which records that Louis was 26 years old when his father died in 1108[314]. His father installed him as Comte du Vexin, de Mantes et de Pontoise in 1092. He lived away from court after the repudiation of his mother. Associate-king 1098/1100, elected rex designatus by an assembly of nobles and bishops but not crowned[315]. His father transferred effective governing power to him in 1101, investing him as Comte de Vermandois between 1101 and 1105. He succeeded his father in 1108 as LOUIS VI "le Gros" King of France. According to Luchaire, the nickname "le Gros", while not contemporary, was first applied to him as early as the 12th century, including in a fragmentary manuscript which records that "Rex Francorum Ludovicus Grossus" built several churches in 1112[316]. He was consecrated 3 Aug 1108, at the Cathedral of Sainte-Croix, Orléans. Suger's Vita Ludovici records his coronation at Orléans by "Senonensis archiepiscopus Daimbertus"[317]. In 1119, Louis VI took Cluny and all its dependent priories under his protection, acquiring in return the right to build castles on their lands with the permission of the abbot of Cluny[318]. He transferred effective power to his son at Châteauneuf-sur-Loire 28 Oct 1135, due to ill health. Suger's Vita Ludovici records the death of King Louis VI "Kal Aug" aged about sixty years old and his burial "ad ecclesiam sanctorum Martyrum"[319]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "Kal Aug" of "Ludovicus rex Francorum"[320]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Kal Aug" of "Ludovicus…Francorum rex"[321].

 

Betrothed (1104, annulled Council of Troyes 23 May 1107 on grounds of consanguinity) to LUCIENNE de Rochefort, daughter of GUY [II] "le Rouge" de Rochefort Sire de Rochefort-en-Yvelines & [his second wife Adelais de Crécy dame de Gournay-sur-Marne] ([1088]-after 1137). This betrothal is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who calls her "Luciana", names her father and specifies that she later married "Guiscardo de Bello Loco"[322]. Suger's Vita Ludovici records the betrothal of "filius dominus Ludovicus" and "filiam Guidonis [comitis de Rupe Forti]" and their separation on grounds of consanguinity[323]. She married (after 23 May 1107) Guichard [III] Sire de Beaujeu. "Luciana soror Hugonis de Creciaco" donated "terrae sue…apud Agglias et Buxiacum" to Notre-Dame de Longpont, with the consent of Louis VII King of France, by charter dated to [1140], signed by "Hugone de Creciaco…Radulfo comite, Manasse de Turnomio…et Beatrix uxor eius"[324].

 

m (Paris [25/30] Mar 1115) as her first husband, ADELAIDE de Maurienne, daughter of HUMBERT III "le Renforcé" Comte de Maurienne et de Savoie & his wife Gisèle de Bourgogne [Comté] ([1092]-Montmartre 18 Nov 1154, bur Montmartre, église abbatiale de Saint-Pierre). Her marriage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis, who also names her father and her four oldest sons[325]. The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses records "filiam Humberti comitis Morienne" as wife of "Ludovicum regem Grossum"[326]. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names "regina Alaydis…soror Amadei comitis Sabaudie" as wife of "Ludovici Grossi"[327]. Consecrated Queen of France at Notre-Dame de Paris [Apr/May] 1115. She exercised considerable influence over her husband, playing an active part in the downfall of Etienne de Garlande, Chancellier de France. After her son Louis succeeded in 1137, she conspired against Suger, Abbé de Saint-Denis, triggering a quarrel with her son. She married secondly ([1138]) as his second wife, Mathieu Sire de Montmorency, Connétable of France under King Louis VII, and retired to her lands at Compiègne. The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. She retired to the church of the Abbaye de Saint-Pierre at Montmartre, which she had founded, in 1153[328]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XIV Kal Dec" of "Adelaidis regina"[329].

 

Mistress (1): MARIE de Breuillet, daughter of RENAUD de Breuillet & his wife ---. The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.

 

King Louis VI & his wife had nine children:

 

1. PHILIPPE de France (29 Aug 1116-Paris 13 Oct 1131, bur église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis[330]). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[331]. He was recognised as his father's successor at Senlis 19 Apr 1120, and thereafter named rex designatus. He was consecrated associate-king 14 Apr 1129, at Reims. Orderic Vitalis records that he died "after falling from his horse and being terribly battered"[332]. Suger's Vita Ludovici records the death of "regis Ludovici filius, floridus et amœnus puer, Philippus" while riding in the outskirts of Paris and his burial at Saint-Denis[333]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés records the death "II Id Oct" of "Philipus rex puer"[334]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "II Id Oct" of "Philippus puer Francorum rex"[335].

 

2. LOUIS de France (1120-Paris, Palais Royal de la Cité 18/19 Sep 1180, bur Abbaye cistercienne de Notre-Dame-de-Barbeaux near Fontainebleau, transferred 1817 to l'église de l'Abbaye royale de Saint-Denis). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[336]. He became heir to the throne on the death of his older brother in 1131, was consecrated associate-king 25 Oct 1131, and succeeded his father in 1137 as LOUIS VII "le Jeune/le Pieux" King of France.

 

- see below.

 

3. HENRI de France ([1121/23]-13 Nov 1175, bur Reims). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[337]. He was tonsured in 1134. Archdeacon of Orléans 1142. He resigned from all his ecclesiastical posts 1146-47 to become a Cistercian monk at Clairvaux[338]. Elected Bishop of Beauvais 1148/49, consecrated 1150. Archbishop of Reims 1162. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1175 of "Henricus frater Lodovici regis Francorum archiepiscopus Remensis"[339]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "Id Nov" of "Henricus archiepiscopus Remorum frater regis Francorum"[340].

 

4. HUGUES de France ([1122]-young, maybe bur Paris, Saint-Victor). His parentage is recorded by Orderic Vitalis[341].

 

5. ROBERT de France ([1124/26]-Braine [10/12] Oct 1188, bur Braine, église abbatiale de Saint-Ived). William of Tyre names him as brother of Louis VII King of France[342]. He was installed as ROBERT I "le Grand" Seigneur de Dreux in 1152.

 

- COMTES de DREUX.

 

6. PIERRE de France ([1126]-Palestine 10 Mar [1180/10 Apr 1183]). William of Tyre names him as brother of Louis VII King of France, when recording his arrival in Palestine in 1179[343]. He succeeded as Seigneur de Courtenay, by right of his wife. "Petrus regis frater et Curtiniacensis dominus" donated property to the abbey of Fontaine-Jean by charter dated 1170, with the support of "uxor mea Isabel et primogenitus meus Petrus"[344]. The necrology of La Cour-Dieu records the death “VI Id Mar” of “Petrus de Curtiniaco”[345].

 

- SEIGNEURS de COURTENAY.

 

7. CONSTANCE de France ([1128]-Reims 16 Aug after 1177). The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis refers to the sister of King Louis as wife firstly of "Eustachieus comes Bolonie" and secondly of "comiti de Sancto Egidio", specifying that she had children by the latter, but does not name her[346]. The De Genere Comitum Flandrensium, Notæ Parisienses names "filiam unam [Ludovicum regem Grossum] nomine Constantiam"[347]. Her brother Louis VII arranged her first marriage to symbolise his support for Stephen King of England against his cousin Empress Matilda and her husband Geoffroy Comte d'Anjou. William of Newburgh records the betrothal of Eustache, son of King Stephen, and "regi Francorum…sororem eius Constantiam"[348]. The Continuator of Florence of Worcester records the marriage in Feb [1140] of "regis Anglie Stephani…filius" and "Francorum regis sororem"[349]. The Chronicle of Gervase records the marriage "mense Februario 1140" of "Eustachius filius regis Stephani" and "sororem regis Francia Lodovici Constantiam"[350]. Her marriage is recorded by Matthew of Paris, who specifies that she was sister of Louis VII King of France[351]. Her brother arranged her second marriage to cement his alliance with Toulouse against Henri d'Anjou Duke of Normandy [later Henry II King of England] who had just allied himself with Aragon. Baudouin IV King of Jerusalem confirmed a sale of property, with the consent of "…Constantiæ sorori regis Franciæ et S. Egidii comitissæ", by charter dated [Sep/Dec] 1177[352]. The necrology of the abbey of Saint-Denis records the death "XVII Kal Sep" of "Constantia filia Ludovici regis"[353]. m firstly (1140) EUSTACHE de Blois, son of STEPHEN King of England & his wife Mathilde Ctss de Boulogne ([1127-31]-Bury St Edmund’s 10 or 16 Aug 1153, bur Faversham Abbey, Kent). He succeeded his mother in 1151 as EUSTACHE IV Comte de Boulogne. m secondly (10 Aug 1154, separated 1166) RAYMOND V Comte de Toulouse, son of ALPHONSE I Jourdain Comte de Toulouse, Duc de Narbonne, Marquis de Provence & his wife Faydide d’Uzès (1134-Nimes Dec 1194, bur Notre Dame de Nîmes).

 

8. PHILIPPE de France ([1132/33]-5 Sep 1161, bur Notre-Dame-de-Paris). The Genealogiæ Scriptoris Fusniacensis names "domnus Henricus Remensis archiepiscopus et Robertus comes de Barro et Petrus et Philippus clericus" as the brothers of King Louis[354]. He succeeded to the ecclesiastical positions resigned by his brother Henri 1146-47. Elected Bishop of Paris in [1159], but he refused the nomination. Robert of Torigny records the death in 1160 of "Philippus frater Ludovici regis Francorum, decanus Sancti Martini Turonensis"[355]. The necrology of Orléans Cathedral records the death “Non Sep” of “Philippus frater Regis Francie”[356], which, by process of elimination of the other brothers named Philippe of French kings, appears to refer to the brother of King Louis VII.

 

9. child (-young, bur Paris, Saint Victor). The primary source which confirms this child's parentage has not yet been identified.

 

King Louis VI had one illegitimate daughter by Mistress (1):

 

10. ISABELLE (after [1101/04] before 1108-after 13 Apr 1175). "Isabel de Calvo Monte" donated property to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated 1175 for the soul of "patris mei Lugdovici…regis Francorum…et…Willelmi filii Osmondi et Rainaldi de Braileic", subscribed by "Lugdovici filii eius, Philippi clerici"[357]. m ([1114/17]) GUILLAUME Seigneur de Chaumont, son of OSMOND Seigneur de Chaumont[-Guitry] & his wife --- ([-before 13 Apr 1175]). "Guillelmus de Caluimonte" was son-in-law of Louis VI King of France according to Orderic Vitalis, who says that he was captured while trying to take the castle of Tillières in 1119 and ransomed for 200 marks of silver[358]. "Guillelmus filius Osmundi de Calvo Monte" donated property to Chartres Saint-Père by charter dated 9 Apr 1119, which records "…Gaulterius de Monte Falconis, Haimo filius eius" as present[359].

 

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Louis VI the Fat King of the Franks Denier of Louis VI minted at Bourges Reign 29 July 1108 – 1 August 1137 Coronation 3 August 1108 Predecessor Philip I Successor Louis VII Spouse Lucienne de Rochefort Adélaide de Maurienne Issue Philip, Rex Filius Louis VII Henry, Archbishop of Reims Robert, Count of Dreux Constance, Countess of Toulouse Philip, Archdeacon of Paris Peter, Lord of Courtenay Father Philip I Mother Bertha of Holland Born 1 December 1081 Paris, France Died 1 August 1137 (aged 55) Béthisy-Saint-Pierre, France Burial Saint Denis Basilica, Paris, France

 

Louis VI (1 December 1081 – 1 August 1137), called the Fat (French: le Gros), was King of France from 1108 until his death (1137). Chronicles called him "roi de Saint-Denis". The first member of the House of Capet to make a lasting contribution to the centralizing institutions of royal power,[1] Louis was born in Paris, the son of Philip I and his first wife, Bertha of Holland. Almost all of his twenty-nine-year reign was spent fighting either the "robber barons" who plagued Paris or the Norman kings of England for their continental possession of Normandy. Nonetheless, Louis VI managed to reinforce his power considerably and became one of the first strong kings of France since the division of the Carolingian Empire. His biography by his constant advisor Abbot Suger of Saint Denis renders him a fully-rounded character to the historian, unlike most of his predecessors.

The crowning of Louis VI in Orléans.

 

In his youth, Louis fought the duke of Normandy, Robert Curthose, and the lords of the royal demesne, the Île de France. He became close to Suger, who became his adviser. He succeeded his father on Philip's death on 29 July 1108. Louis's half-brother prevented him from reaching Rheims and so he was crowned on 3 August in the cathedral of Orléans by Daimbert, Archbishop of Sens. The archbishop of Reims, Ralph the Green, sent envoys to challenge the validity of the coronation and anointing, but to no avail.

 

On Palm Sunday 1115, Louis was present in Amiens to support the bishop and inhabitants of the city in their conflict with Enguerrand I of Coucy, one of his vassals, who refused to recognize the granting of a charter of communal privileges. Louis came with an army to help the citizens to besiege Castillon (the fortress dominating the city, from which Enguerrand was making punitive expeditions). At the siege, the king took an arrow to his hauberk, but the castle, considered impregnable, fell after two years.

 

Louis VI died on 1 August 1137, at the castle of Béthisy-Saint-Pierre, nearby Senlis and Compiègne, of dysentery caused by his excesses, which had made him obese. He was interred in Saint Denis Basilica. He was succeeded on the throne by his son Louis VII, called "the Younger," who had originally wanted to be a monk.

[edit] Marriages and children

 

He married in 1104: 1) Lucienne de Rochefort — the marriage was annulled.

 

Their child:

1) Isabelle (c.1105 – before 1175), married (ca 1119) William of Vermandois, seigneur of Chaumont

 

He married in 1115: 2) Adélaide de Maurienne (1092–1154)

 

Their children:

Philip (1116 – 13 October 1131), King of France (1129–31), not to be confused with his brother of the same name; died from a fall from a horse.

Louis VII (1120 – 18 September 1180), King of France

Henry (1121–75), archbishop of Reims

Hugues (born ca 1122)

Robert (ca 1123 – 11 October 1188), count of Dreux

Constance (ca 1124 – 16 August 1176), married first Eustace IV, count of Boulogne and then Raymond V of Toulouse.

Philip (1125–61), bishop of Paris. not to be confused with his elder brother.

Peter of France (ca 1125–83), married Elizabeth, lady of Courtenay

 

[edit] Notes

 

^ Norman F. Cantor, The Civilization of the Middle Ages 1993, p 410.

 

[edit] References

 

Suger, Abbot of Saint Denis,. The Deeds of Louis the Fat. Translated with introduction and notes by Richard Cusimano and John Moorhead. Washington, DC : Catholic University of America Press,1992. (ISBN 0-8132-0758-4)

Suger, Abbot of Saint Denis,. The Deeds of Louis the Fat. Translated by Jean Dunbabin (this version is free, but has no annotations)

Note on Wife: Adelaide +* of MAURIENNE

Adelaide was the daughter of Humbert II of Savoy and Gisela of Burgundy, and niece of Pope Callixtus II, who once visited her court in France. Her father died in 1103, and her mother married Renier I of Montferrat as a second husband.

 

She became the second wife of Louis VI of France (1081–1137), whom she married on 3 August 1115. They had eight children, the second of whom became Louis VII of France. Adelaide was one of the most politically active of all France's medieval queens consort. Her name appears on 45 royal charters from the reign of Louis VI. During her tenure as queen, royal charters were dated with both her regnal year and that of the king. Among many other religious benefactions, she and Louis founded the monastery of St Peter's (Ste Pierre) at Montmartre, in the northern suburbs of Paris. She was reputed to be "ugly," but attentive and pious.

Afer Louis VI's death, Adélaide did not immediately retire to conventual life, as did most widowed queens of the time. Instead she married Matthieu I of Montmorency, with whom she had one child. She remained active in the French court and in religious activities.

 

Adélaide is one of two queens in a legend related by William Dugdale. As the story goes, Queen Adélaide of France became enamoured of a young knight, William d'Albini, at a joust. But he was already engaged to Adeliza of Louvain and refused to become her lover. The jealous Adélaide lured him into the clutches of a hungry lion, but William ripped out the beast's tongue with his bare hands and thus killed it. This story is almost without a doubt apocryphal.

 

In 1153 she retired to the abbey of Montmartre, which she had founded with Louis VII. She died there on 18 November 1154. She was buried in the cemetery of the Church of St. Pierre at Montmarte, but her tomb was destroyed during the Revolution.

Sources

1Frederick Lewis Weis, "Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists" (Baltimore, Genealogical Publishing Co).
2Kathleen Nolan, "Capetian Women".