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Dictionary of Ancient Occupations and Trades,
Ranks, Offices, and Titles

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as of 2014-03-29
taberdar Also: taubator, tabbiter, tabitter, taberder, tabardar
one who wears a tabard (=a short surcoat or jerkin with short or no sleeves)
a name formerly given to certain scholars of Queen's College, Oxford, from the gown they wore, still surviving in the name of some of the scholarships at that college.
taborer Also: taberer, tabborer, tabourier, tabrere
one who tabors; a drummer; one who performs on the tabor (=a small drum).
tailor
one who makes, repairs or alters articles of clothing, as suits, coats, dresses, etc.
taipan
China the head of a foreign business.
talesman
Law a person summoned by a tales (=a writ summoning jurors when a panel is insufficient)
tallyman
A person who keeps a tally, or count.
tanner
One who tans (cures) animal hides into leather
tapissier
a maker of tapestries
tapley
one who puts the tap in an ale cask (tap=a wooden spigot placed in the bunghole of a cask to facilitate drawing off its contents)
tapster
A bartender
tar baby
a situation or problem from which it is difficult or impossible to extricate oneself. (=After Bre'r Rabbit and the Tar Baby, an Uncle Remus story by Joel Chandler Harris.)
tasker
A reaper
taster
A person employed to test food or drink by tasting it, esp. for quality or hist to detect poisoning.
cf salvor
tatter
one who tats (tatting=needlework consisting of handmade lace made by looping and knotting a single thread on a small shuttle)
tattler
a prattler; a gossip.
taverner
one who owns or operates a tavern.
taxidermist
one skilled in the art of preparing, stuffing, and mounting the skins of animals with lifelike effect. (=Gk taxis arrangement + derma skin)
taxman
an inspector or collector of taxes.
teacher
one who teaches, esp. one hired for this purpose.
cf tutor
teamster
One who drives a team (of horses, oxen, etc.) for hauling
teaseler
One who dresses cloth with teasels. (teasel=a plant with a large prickly head like a thistle, which is dried and used to raise the nap on woven cloth.)
tedder
one who teds (=turns and spreads) hay, grass, straw, etc. to effect its drying, or for a bedding.
tenant
a person who rents land or property from a landlord.
tenant farmer 
one who farms on rented lands, esp where the rent is paid in kind out of the produce.
tenant-in-chief
a lord (or an institution, such as a church) holding land directly from the king. cf under-tenant
tenter
assistant to a weaver, generally a child, who has gone through a short period of probation.
a worker's unskilled assistant.
Brit one in charge of something, esp. machinery in a factory.
one who stretches cloth on a tent or tenter (with tenter hooks) to allow it to dry, the last stage of cloth-making.
tertiary
RCC a member of a religious Third Order (=a confraternity of lay persons associated with a religious order) [AHD]
testator (female~trix)
one who has made a will, esp one who dies testate (=having died leaving a valid will.)
texter
One skilled in writing in a text hand (a fine, large hand), an engrosser
textor
A weaver
thane
hist A man who held land from an English king or other superior by military service, ranking between ordinary freemen and hereditary nobles.
A man who held land from a Scottish king and ranked with an earl's son; the chief of a clan.
Brit Hist the order of nobility in Anglo-Saxon England before the Conquest was earl, King’s thegn and median thegn. [DOME]
thatcher
a roofer, esp. of thatched materials: straw, reeds, etc.
thegn (OE )(=thane)
thrall
hist a slave; a bondman, or one otherwise in a state of servitude to another.
thumper
an extravagantly enthusiastic preacher (=from "Bible thumper", as such preachers were given to emphasizing their points)
tide waiter
civ a customs officer (=who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in)
tinker
an itinerant seller and repairman of tin pots and pans
tinsmith
a smith who works in tin Also: whitesmith
tipstaff
A sheriff's officer. (=From the metal-tipped staff carried as a symbol of office.)
tithing
A group of people who are liable to pay a tithe (=a tax to support the parish).
tithing man Also: tyth~
civ a town official appointed to enforce the laws and to see that order was preserved in the Lord's house; tithing men were to present all the idle and disorderly persons, profane swearers or cursors, Sabbath-breakers and disorderly persons, that they may be duly punished and discouraged.
toad-eater
Originally a seventeenth-century charlatan's sidekick who, in full view of a crowd, would pretend to eat a toad, which at that time was considered to be poisonous.  The assistant would feign a severe reaction, to the horror or amusement of the naïve spectators.  The master would then dramatically demonstrate the curative power of the remedy he had for sale by using it to revive his sidekick.  A corresponding verb, toad-eat, emerged shortly thereafter; it meant "to do something quite unpleasant on behalf of one's master." [Research on Forgotten English Words]
tonsor
One who shaved or otherwise cut hair
top banana
slang the main comic in a burlesque show. (=so called from the presentation of a banana to the comedian who has the punch line in a three-person burlesque routine.) [AHD]
the head person, as of a group or project.
top dog
slang one with the dominant position or authority, esp. in a competitive context.
Tory
Brit colloq (=Conservative)
Brit hist a member of the party that opposed the exclusion of James II and later supported the established religious and political order and gave rise to the Conservative party (opp Whig).
a colonist loyal to the English during the American Revolution.
cf refugee
tow head
a person with white-blond hair. (tow=flax or hemp fiber prepared for spinning)
town crier
see crier
trader
a person engaged in trade (=buying and selling)
a merchant ship
translator
one who translates (speech, writings, etc.) from one language into another.
cf interpreter
traveler sp: or trav-el-ler
one who travels or has traveled, as to distant places, esp. habitually.
Brit a traveling salesperson.
Brit a member of various groups of traditionally itinerant people living esp in Scotland and Ireland; a gypsy.
travers
toll bridge collector
trull
a prostitute, a harlot.
tucker
cleaner of cloth goods
turner
a person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles or similar items
tutee
one being tutored.
tutor
a private teacher, perhaps giving additional, special or remedial instruction.
a teacher or teaching assistant in some colleges or universities having rank below that of instructor.
Brit a graduate, or fellow, responsible for supervision of an undergraduate at some British universities.
Law a legal guardian of a minor.
twister
a spinner in a cloth-making operation, spec. one whose occupation is to twist together the ends of the yarns of the new warp to those already woven. [OED]
tyro sp: Brit Also: tiro
a beginner, a novice.

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