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as of 2013-12-08
- •F one who commits sabotage,
i.e. causes deliberate damage to productive capacity, esp. as a political act.
(=After French textile workers who wrecked machinery by tossing their wooden shoes (sabots) into the works.)
- •eccl the official charged with the custody and care of sacred vessels, relics vestments, etc.
(=in English cathedrals, the sacrist, or sacristan, is always in orders, often a minor canon)
- •eccl, obs the sexton of a parish church.
- •in a nunnery, a nun charged with a function corresponding to that of a sacristan.
- •one who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses
- •obs Hindi polite form of address for a European man in colonial India.
- cf bwana
- •nav. an early rank just below Lieutenant, evolved to Master,
then to Warrant Officer.
- •the student with the second highest academic rank in a class,
who customarily delivers the salutatory (=an opening or welcoming statement or address) at graduation excercises.
- cf valedictorian
- •a taster, esp. as employed by royal or noble clients as insurance against poisoning
- •a courtesy title in Japanese-speaking areas as a suffix to a given name,
surname or title, regardless of gender, as angin-san, sensei-san.
How to use Japanese suffixes
- • member of a religious sect formed by Robert Sandeman (1718-71)
from the Glassites. [OED]
- •obs a messenger, envoy, ambassador.
(=Middle English, "sendman")
- •a character of fairy tales and folklore
who caused children to sleep by sprinkling sand in their eyes.
- •a person who pickets or advertises by going about carrying a sandwich board.
(=two large boards hinged at the top with straps for hanging from the shoulders, and bearing advertisements or the like)
- •(=without breeches).
- •Fr an extreme radical republican during the French Revolution.
- •any revolutionary extremist.
- •one who digs saps
(=tunnels or trenches, esp. in a military context)
- •a military demolitions expert
- •civ a subordinate bureaucrat or official.
- •a provincial governor in ancient Persia; a ruler.
- • Chief of the saucery.
(=the office in a medieval household responsible for sauces, as well as the room in which the preparation of sauces took place. The office was subordinated to the kitchen, and existed as a separate office only in larger households. It was closely connected with other offices of the kitchen, such as the spicery and the scullery. The term is largely obsolete today.) [WIKI]
- •a physician, esp. a surgeon specializing in amputations
- •one who saws, e.g. a carpenter
- •a sawmill owner, operator or worker
- •Chief of the scalding house.
(=A scalding house was the office in a medieval household responsible for scalding the carcasses of animals, as well as utensils. It was also the room in which this activity took place. The office was subordinated to the kitchen, and existed as a separate office only in larger households. It was closely connected with other offices of the kitchen, such as the saucery and the scullery.) [WIKI]
- •one made to bear the blame, fault, sins or others
- •hist. a lazy, swaggering coward
- Scaramouch, Scaramouche
- •a stock character in commedia dell'arte and pantomime,
depicted as a boastful coward or buffoon.
sp: pl. schepenen
- •Du the equivalent in English is an alderman.
The position of schepenen can roughly be compared to the position of ministers in a national goverment. The task of a schepen is to assist the mayor in the governing of the city, in certain specified areas.
- •a learned person, esp. in language, literature, etc.;
- •Brit a university student who holds a scholarship;
- cf commoner
- •Du. civ the chief official of a town, similar to sheriff (common in NY
and Long Island, due to Dutch influence).
- •Du. a shoemaker
- •one who persistently nags or criticizes.
- •an unscrupulous villian; a rogue.
- •one who cleans wool, cloth, clothes, etc. [OED]
- •a cleaner of raw wool as a first step in cloth-making,
a process similar to fulling
- •joc. a minor or worthless author;
- •one who scribbles (cards) fibers, a carder
- •a professional or public copyist or writer;
- •notary public
- •one whose office it is to examine or investigate closely,
esp votes in an election.
- •a title of a university official.
- •civ an election judge.
- •one who scries;
(scry=to divine the future (or the secrets of the past or present) by images or reflections in crystals, water, mirrors, etc.)
- •one who frequents the wharfage on the pretense of seeking employment,
but with the chief object of pillage and plunder of whatever comes their way.
- •dom a domestic servant of the lowest rank,
who performed the menial offices of the kitchen.
- •civ an official charged to inspect and validate something.
- ~ of leather
- •civ an appointed official whose job it was to insure
that leather produced in the town was properly tanned,
and of the stated quality.
- ~ of weights and measures
- •civ an officer appointed by the town to certify the accuracy of
all weights and measures used, and to mark same with a seal.
- •obs a reaper, a mower, a harvest-man. [OED]
- •Sc. obs. (=sexton)
- •civ a legislator; a member of a senate
(=an assembly or a council of citizens having the highest deliberative and legislative functions in a government.)
(The term Magistrate was usual during the early years, but the title Assistant came soon into use and was employed until 1818, when the title Senator was substituted for it. [Jacobus])
- •Dom the steward or majordomo of a medieval estate
- •Dom an official of the household of a sovereign
or great noble,
to whom the administration of justice and entire control of domestic arrangements were entrusted.
- •a cathedral official in England.
- •civ the title of a governor of a city or province,
and of various administrative or judicial officers.
Now only hist except with reference to the [British] Channel Islands.
- •a common villager or village peasant of any of the feudal classes lower
in rank than the thane, or a peasant slave -
of a feudal lord -
who is free in his legal relations with others.
- •a member of a servile, feudal class of people in Europe,
bound to the land and owned by a lord.
- •a person in servitude
- •mil. originally (16° c. & earlier) an officer, 2°
or 3° in command of a regiment or similar unit (= major).
- •nowadays an NCO (=noncommissioned officer)
- •an official of a court, city or legislature
Also: serjeant-at-law, serjeants-at-law
- •Brit hist a barrister of the highest rank.
- •one who makes, writes or delivers sermons.
- •one privately employed to perform domestic service
- •one publicly employed to perform services, as for a government
- •one who expresses submission, recognizance, or debt to another:
(e.g. your obedient ~)
- •one who serves food and drink, as at a restaurant
- •eccl an attendant to the celebrant at Mass
- •sports the player who serves, as in court games (e.g. tennis)
- •a church officer who looks after the fabric of a church and its contents,
often also acting as bell ringer and gravedigger.
- •obs the Pope's sacristan
- •a tenant farmer who gives a share of the crops raised
to the landlord in lieu of rent.
- •one who deals dishonestly with others,
esp a cheating gambler;
a card sharp.
- •Brit a shearer of nap from (esp. woolen) cloth
- •civ an elected officer in a county, responsible for keeping the peace.
- •civ an honorary officer elected annually in some towns.
- •Brit civ
the royal office of a shire, managing its judicial and financial affairs
- High Sheriff
- •Brit the chief executive officer of the Crown in a county,
administering justice, etc.
- •a person employed to decoy or entice others into buying, gambling, etc.
- •one who makes shoes and other footwear.
cf cordwainer, cobbler
- •a woman with a violent, scolding, or nagging temperament; a scold.
- •civ. a sheriff
- •a hard-hearted moneylender; a miser
(Shylock=a character in Shakespeare's Merchant of Venice)
- •a person, esp a lawyer, who uses unscrupulous methods
- •coll a close associate
- •one engaged to sing in an ecclesiastical choir
- cf chorister
- •Brit in medieval times, a poor student who paid his way at college by taking on menial domestic chores.
- cf scholar
- •a roofer (=from the use of slate as roofing material)
- •a person who is the legal property of another or others,
and is bound to absolute obedience; a human chattel.
- •a helpless victim of some dominating influence,
e.g. (e.g. a slave of fashion)
- •Brit Hist one who was the property of his or her lord and had no lands. [DOME]
- slave driver
- •an overseer of slaves at work
- •a person who works others especially hard
- slave trader
- •hist a person engaged in the procuring, transport or selling of human beings,
esp African blacks, as slaves.
- •a ship engaged in the slave trade and, metaphorically, a sailor employed on one.
- •Brit. a seller of ready-made clothes in a slop (=ready-made or cheap clothing) shop
- •one who smelts; a workman engaged in smelting; also, an owner of a smelting-works.
- •one who fishes for smelts; a smelt-catcher
(smelt=a small fish, related to salmon.)
- •a metal worker, as tinsmith, goldsmith, etc.
- •one who forges iron, a blacksmith
- •cf whitesmith, greensmith, redsmith
- •a go-between, a bawd. [OED]
- •obs a blacksmith. [OED]
Also: smuckellor, smuckler
- •one who smuggles commodities,
esp one who makes a trade of the practice of smuggling.
(=to convey (goods) clandestinely into (or out of) a country or district, in order to avoid payment of legal duties, or in contravention of some enactment.)
- •a vessel employed in smuggling
- •one who repaired shoes.
- •Brit Hist a freeman who nevertheless had to attend his lord’s court. [DOME]
- •one who serves in the army.
- •an enlisted person or a noncommissioned officer.
- •an active, loyal, or militant follower of a leader or an organization.
- •the chief law officer of a city, county, etc.
- •Brit a member of the legal profession qualified to deal with conveyancing,
drawing up wills, etc., and to advise clients and instruct barristers.
- •US the law office just below Attorney General
- •UK the Crown law officer below the Attorney General or (Scotland) below
the Lord Advocate.
- •a tailor.
- •one who arranges goods in any trade.
- •a cloth-worker who grades the raw fibers.
cf wool stapler
- •one who has spent one or more winters in Alaska
(=after the practice of using a piece of sour dough to leaven bread baked during the winter)
- •loosely, any prospector
- •a supreme ruler, esp a monarch.
- •Chief of the spicery.
- •one who spins:
(=a stage in cloth-making where the
fibers and slivers of wool were drawn out, twisted, and spun into yarn.
This was done with a distaff and spindle from the earliest times, and was
replaced by the spinning wheel - or hand-wheel - in the 14° century. The
task was often done by women and children.)
- •a woman (or, rarely, a man) who spins, esp as a regular occupation.
- •an unmarried woman (or, rarely, a man).
- •a term appended to the names of women, originally to denote their occupation,
but subsequently (from the 17th century) as the proper legal designation for one unmarried.
- •a maker of spurs
- •a country gentleman, a farm owner
- •a justice of the peace
- •hist. a knight's attendant, of higher rank than a page
- •Brit. colloq. a jocular form of address to a man
squire of the body
- •In feudal times, the squire of the body was responsible for carrying his lord's arms and also assisted his lord in donning his armour. By Tudor times, the position was that of a close attendant to the King. [WIKI]
- •a person employed in a stable; a groom.
- •A person whose agency or participation in a proceeding is used to conceal its
true purpose or design. [OED]
- •a pickpocket's accomplice, whose job it was to distract the attention of the victim while the dip rifled his pockets.
- •A stall-keeper;
a petty trader who paid to the burgh a small sum for
the privilege of setting up his stall in a fair or market.
- •A person not a freeman who paid a small sum to the corporation
for the privilege of carrying on his business for one year.
- •Nor. The title of a Norwegian court officer from the 10th c.
- •The title of a high officer in the reign of Edward the Confessor (1042-66).
- •Used vaguely for officer.
- •a dealer in writing materials, etc.
- •suffix denoting a person engaged in or associated with
a particular activity or thing ((e.g. gang~), (e.g. young~));
often with the additional connotation of gender: cf spinner, spinster.
- •naut a person employed in the loading and unloading of ships.
(=from steeve, which is a long spar used in stowing cargo)
- •a passengers' attendant on board a ship, aircraft or train
- •an official appointed to keep order or supervise arrangements at a meeting, show, demonstration, etc.
- •a person responsible for the supply of food, etc. for a college or club, etc.
- •a person appointed to manage another's property
- •Brit. the title of several officers of the government or the royal household,
e.g. Lord High Steward
- •a prostitute
- •a junior barrister
- •nav a master of a ship
- •Brit Mil an officer below the rank of captain, esp a second lieutenant.
- •naut. the officer on a merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the
commercial concerns of the ship.
- •a person who surveys land and buildings, esp professionally
(=to examine the condition of (a building), or to ascertain the boundaries, extent, ownership (of land))
- cf chainman
Surveyor of the King's Works
Also: Surveyor-General ~
- •the person appointed to be responsibile for the upkeep and repair of all the Royal Palaces, excluding Greenwich and Windsor,
and in charge of planning and building royal architectural projects throughout the realm.
This post carried prestige and a reasonable salary, but also required an enormous degree of day-to-day administration.
The post came with a house in Whitehall and a set of offices attached.
Past holders have included the famous architects Inigo Jones and Christopher Wren.
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