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Dictionary of Ancient Occupations and Trades,
Ranks, Offices, and Titles

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mil a boy attached to a knight as the first stage in training to the knighthood.
one who is employed to run errands, carry messages, or act as a guide in a hotel, theater, or club.
one who is similarly employed in the U.S. Congress or another legislature.
a boy who holds the bride's train at a wedding.
paladin
any of the twelve peers of Charlemagne's court, of whom the Count Palatine was the chief
a knight errant;
a champion
~ Palatine
nob. of a noble or feudal lord having local authority that elsewhere belongs only to a soverign, e.g. Earl Palatine
paliser, also palliser, palisser, palesser
a maker of palings or fences
one who has charge of a park
someone who tended the fences of a Norman enclosure or park - such as that at Erringden. The name is from the French palisse. This and associated words are often corrupted to palace [CHC]
palliard
a medieval beggar who showed his sores and deformities.
palmer
In the Middle Ages, a palmer (Latin: palmarius or palmerius) was a Christian Pilgrim, normally from Western Europe, who had visited the holy places in Palestine, and who, as a token of his visits, brought back a palm leaf, or a palm leaf folded into a cross. [WIKI]
panhandler (=begger)
pantier
Chief of the pantry.
parliamentarian
a follower of Cromwell during the English Civil War, opposed to the Royalists;
a Roundhead
parolee
one who is released on parole (=release of a prisoner on condition of sustained lawful behavior).
parson
eccl an Anglican cleric with full legal control of a parish under ecclesiastical law; a rector.
a member of the clergy, esp. a Protestant minister.
parvenu /paar´və noo/
a person who has recently gained wealth or position. cf: arriviste, nouveau riche.
an upstart.
pastor
eccl a Christian priest or minister in charge of a church or congregation.
a layperson having spiritual charge of a congregation or other group.
a shepherd.
paterfamiias
L the father or head of household
Rom. law the head of a family or household, having legal authority over persons composing it.
a person of either sex and any age who is sui juris and free from parental control.
pathmaster
one whose job it is to care for and maintain public paths and roads.
patrolman (female~woman)
a policeman who patrols or polices an assigned area.
one who patrols an assigned area.
pattern maker
a maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end.
pavilioner
a tent-maker
pawn
a person or entity used to further the purposes of another.
pawnbroker
one who lends money at interest in exchange for personal property deposited as security.
payle-maker
(payle=pale) A maker of cheese scoops.
peasant
a member of the class constituted by small farmers and tenants, sharecroppers, and laborers on the land where they form the main labor force in agriculture.
an uncouth, crude or ill-bred person; a boor.
peddler Also: Chiefly Brit. pedlar
an itinerant seller of wares; a hawker.
pensioner (=commoner)
one who recieves or lives on a pension. (=a regular payment made during a person's retirement from an investment fund to which that person or their employer has contributed during their working life)
a hireling.
a student at Cambridge University who pays for his or her commons and other expenses, and is not supported by any foundation.
obs. a gentleman-at-arms
peregrinator
an itinerant wanderer
perker
= parker, a park-keeper
peruker
a wig maker
peterman, peteman
sl. a safecracker
pettifogger
a shyster lawyer
-phobe
one who has a morbid fear, horror, or dislike of a particular thing, e.g. hydrophobe = fear of water; Anglophobe = the English;
picker
a person who gathers or collects, as a rag-picker, fruit-picker
one who picked raw wool clean of foreign bodies as a stage in cloth-making. The wool was then oiled to resist damage during the carding and spinning processes.
picklock
one, esp a thief, who opens a locked door by picking the lock. (=opening a lock by manipulation without a key)
pickpocket
a thief who specializes in stealing things from the pockets of others. rel: dip, stall
pickpurse
one who steals purses, or from purses; a pickpocket.
pieman sp: arch pyeman
one who makes or sells pies.
Simple Simon met a pyeman,
Going to the fair.
Says Simple Simon to the pyeman,
Let me taste your ware
1820 nursery rhyme [OED]
pigman
a crockery dealer
pilgrim
A pilgrim (from the Latin peregrinus) is a traveler (literally one who has come from afar) who is on a journey to a holy place. (=Typically, this is a physical journeying (often on foot) to some place of special significance to the adherent of a particular religious belief system. In the spiritual literature of Christianity, the concept of pilgrim and pilgrimage may refer to the experience of life in the world (considered as a period of exile) or to the inner path of the spiritual aspirant from a state of wretchedness to a state of beatitude.) [WIKI]
pilot
aero one who operates the controls of an aircraft
naut a person specially qualified to take charge of a ship entering or leaving a harbor; a trained captain so employed by a harbormaster
arch a steersman, helmsman
pilot officer 
Brit the lowest commissioned rank in the RAF
pindar
an official in charge of a pinfold (=cattle pen)
pirate
one (or a company) who commits an act of robbery, hijacking, etc of ships at sea, or more recently, airplanes.
planter
a person who cultivates the soil
the manager or occupier of a plantation, e.g. of cotton, coffee, tobacco, etc.
plater
one who plates (=coats objects of one metal with a thin layer of another metal by a process of electroplating or other means), e.g. baser metals with silver or gold, dull metals with bright. Usually in comb. form with that which is covered, that which is applied, or the process used. (e.g. harness plater, coach harness plater, coach plater, tin plater, electro-plater, nickle-plater)
one engaged in the application of metal plates, esp. in shipbuilding.
plebe
mil a first year student at a military academy
plenipotentiary
dipl a person (esp a diplomat) invested with full power of independent action
plumber
one who applied sheet lead for roofing and set lead frames for plain or stained glass windows.
a person who fitted or repaired the apparatus of water supply systems or drains. (=from the use of lead for pipes, L. plumbum lead)
poinder
a person, esp an official, who poinds or distrains goods. (=enclose, shut in or impound)
one who has charge of fences, hedges and woods, and pounds cattle that trespass. A pounder.
police reporter
a newspaper reporter with assignment to cover news in a police department.
policeman (female~woman) Also: ~ officer
civ a member of an organized law enforcement department.
pontoneer sp: ~ier Also: pontooneer
one who has charge of pontoons, or the construction of a pontoon bridge. [OED]
poormaster
obs. a job position similar to that of paymaster. Most of the states in the early United States had their own poormaster.
one whose duties were to validate those who appied for relief and issue funds. The position was often a political sinecure before the Great Depression, and not without its risks. Rejected applicants often held a grudge and it was not unknown for the poormaster to be attacked or killed. The position ceased to exist after the 1940s, with the advent of social assistance. [WIKI]
porter
Brit. dom. one in charge of a gate or door (=L. porta=gate)
a person employed to carry burdens, esp. an attendant who carries travelers' baggage at a hotel or transportation station
a railroad employee who waits on passengers in a sleeping car or a parlor car.
a maintenance worker for a building or institution.
portraitist
an artist who specializes in portraits.
cf landscapist
potter
a tradesman who makes ceramic vessels usually by turning clay on a wheel and firing the result in a kiln.
a fisherman who catches crabs, lobsers &c, in a basket-like trap. (=formerly using pots)
poulterer
one who raises or deals in poultry
pound-keeper
one charged with responsibility for keeping a pound (=an enclosure for domestic animals, such as cattle)
pounder
one whose office it is to impound cattle, etc. (=pound-keeper), (=pindar), (=poinder)
precentor
a cleric who directs the choral services of a church or cathedral.
priest (female~ess)
eccl in many Christian churches, a member of the second grade of clergy, ranking below a bishop , but above a deacon, and having authority to administer the sacraments.
one empowered to perform and administer religious rites.
prig
a person who demonstrates an exaggerated conformity or propriety, especially in an irritatingly arrogant or smug manner.
Brit a petty thief or pickpocket.
arch a conceited dandy; a fop.
prigger
a horse thief
principal
a chief or head.
the head or director of a school or, especially in England, a college.
a person who takes a leading part in any activity, as a play; chief actor or doer.
the first player of a division of instruments in an orchestra (excepting the leader of the first violins, who is the concertmaster). The reference may be to the player (e.g. principal oboeist) or to the instrument itself (e.g. principal flute).
printer's devil
a printing office errand boy
prior (~essfemale)
the superior officer at a priory (=a monastery governed by a prior or a convent governed by a prioress.)
(in an abbey) the officer next under the abbot.
privateer
nav an armed vessel privately owned and staffed holding a government commission and authorized for war service
a commander or crew member of such a vessel
euph a pirate
proofreader
one who read copy or proof in order to find errors and mark corrections. [AHD]
proprietor
a holder of property.
the owner of a business, esp. a hotel.
puddler
a wrought iron worker
pugilist
sp a boxer, esp. a professional
puisne ~ /pyoo̅nē/
chiefly Brit lower in rank; junior; esp. an associate judge
pulter
poulterer, official who attended to the purchase of poultry and other provisions.
punkawallah
hist in India and Pakistan, the operator of a manual fan. (punkah=a type of ceiling fan.)
nowadays a person selling, repairing or making fans, both handheld and electric, would also be known colloquially as a punkha wala, since the term simply means fan guy or the guy with the fans.
puppet
one whose behavior is determined by the will of another or others
cf quisling
purser
nav. the officer in charge of money matters aboard ship, or in commercial aircraft
purveyor
one who obtains or provides provisions (=food)

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