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as of 2013-04-20
- •a mace bearer.
(=a heavy club, usu. with a metal head and spikes used esp. in the middle ages.)
- •Scot an official who keeps order in courts of law.
- •a swindler (e.g. cup-and-ball macer)
- •one who contrives or schemes;
intriguer, plotter schemer; usually in bad sense.
- •one who invents, makes or controls machines or machinery;
- •one who works a machine, esp. a sewing machine.
- •a painter who works mechanically and by rule.
- •U.S. an engine room artificer or attendant;
a "machine" politician.
- •civ an officer administrating the law.
- •civ a member of the Upper House of the General Court (Legislature).
- cf senator
- •an officer conducting a court for minor offences and preliminary hearings
- •a wealthy and influential person
- •an unmarried girl or woman; a virgin.
- •dom a female servant.
maid of honor
- •the chief unmarried woman attendant of a bride.
- •an unmarried noblewoman attendant upon a queen or princess.
- •an unmarried woman attending a queen or princess.
- •dom the chief official of an Italian or Spanish princely household.
- •dom a house steward; a butler.
(=med.L. major domus highest official of the household.)
- •a criminal; an evil-doer
- •a farmer
- •forms: maltestere, malstere, maultstere, maulster, malster, maltster
- •one whose occupation it is to make malt
(=sprouted grain, usu barley)
- •a brewer.
- •A suffix used to denote one engaged in a particular occupational or social rôle, e.g.
Some object that this is sexist usage,
insisting on the Politically Correct substitution of person, e.g.
—or even (e.g. personperson)!
- •a steward
- •A person who stands surety that another (esp. a prisoner) will fulfil a legal obligation to appear in court on a specified day. (OED 2007)
- see marshal
- •Also: marquis
- see nobility
- •US an officer of a judicial district, similar to a sheriff.
- •US the head of a fire department.
- •Mil a high-ranking officer in the armed forces of certain countries,
(e.g. air marshal, field marshal)
- •Brit a high-ranking officer of state,
(e.g. earl marshal)
- •an officer arranging ceremonies, controlling procedure at races, etc.
- [judges] marshal
- •Brit an official accompanying a judge on circuit, with secretarial and social duties.
- •US a court officer who assists a judge.
- Marshal of the Royal Air Force
- •Brit mil an officer of the highest rank in the Royal Air Force.
- •A person who builds (e.g. walls, buildings, etc.) with brick or stone.
- •A freemason; a member of the Free and Accepted Masons, an international fraternal and charitable organization with secret rites and signs.
- •A member of a guild of skilled itinerant masons during the Middle Ages.
- •a title for a man of high rank, learning, etc.
- •nowadays the title of a boy not old enough to be called "Mister"
- •nav. the officer under the captain, in charge of sailing the ship,
=commander, a/k/a sub-captain, under-captain, rector, master-commanding.
- •the captain of a merchant ship
- •a workman who, by training and experience,
is qualified to teach apprentices and to carry on his trade on his own account,
as distinguished from a journeyman.
(Chiefly in appositional combining forms, as (e.g. master carpenter).)
- •the designation of certain legal functionaries, officials, etc.
See the table, Master of ….
- master of hounds
- •one who owns or controls a pack of hounds for the hunt,
usually a member of the hunt elected to have control of the kennels and
the hunting arrangements generally.
Also: ~foxhounds, ~beagles, ~harriers, ~staghounds
Master of the Horse
- •see the table
|Master of ...|
The English court and royal household has had a bewildering array of
titled positions, some hereditary, that are Master of something,
with duties of the nature of control, superintendance or safe-keeping.
Several of the household positions had similar female positions (=Mistress of...).
- Bears Also: Master of the Hawks, Swans, Buckhounds, etc.
- Coin Also: ~ of the Mint
- Court of Common Pleas
- •a royal game-keeper
- •the officer who has the management of the horses belonging to a sovereign
or other exalted personage.
- Household (King's, Queen's)
- King's Bench
- Lunacy Also: Master in ~
- •administered the estates of asylum inmates,
- •King of the Gypsies, the captain, chief or ringleader. [CD]
- Music (King's)
- Ordinance Also: Master General of the ~
- Wards (and Liveries)
- •naut formerly a warrant officer in the [British] navy
appointed to instruct the officers and crew of a ship of war in the exercise of small arms,
and to act as the principal police officer on board.
- •the principal police officer aboard a ship of the merchand marine.
- •naut an officer on a merchant vessel ranking below the captain
- •naut. a rank just below another, a helper, e.g. Gunner's Mate
- •a skilled worker, esp. one who uses, makes or repairs machines, vehicles
or tools; a blacksmith.
- •one employed in a manual occupation, a handicraftsman;
[obs. & now rare, contemptuously]: a low or vulgar fellow.
- •in a restricted sense, a skilled workman, esp one skilled in the making or use of machinery.
(=In some English manufacturing districts the term denotes a man who has the management and repairing of the machinery in a factory.) [OED]
- •a clothier, esp. one who inspects the woven cloth
and repairs defects
- •a beggar
- •a member of an order of friars forbidden to own property even in common,
who work or beg for a living.
- cf religious
- •dom of a servant: forming one of the household; a domestic;
(=Now only contemptuous, applied chiefly to liveried men-servants kept for ostentation rather than use; often suggesting an imputation of pomposity or arrogance.)
- •of trade, trading
- •mercenary, fond of trading
- mercantile marine (=merchant marine)
sp: pl. ~ies
- •a hired soldier in foreign service
- •a dealer in textile fabrics, esp. silks and other costly materials.
- •a retail trader; dealer; storekeeper
- •esp. Brit a wholesale trade, esp. with foreign countries
- •types of:
- •a sailor (or officer) in the merchant marine (=a nation's commercial fleet)
- •a merchant ship, i.e. a ship conveying merchandise
- •metaphorically, a sailor serving on one of these
- •a person whose body type (somatotype) is characterized by a robust, muscular build caused by a predominance of tissues derived from the embryonic mesodermal layer.
- cf ectomorph,
- cf endomorph.
- •nav. a naval officer-in-training, esp. at a naval academy
- •a person, usually a woman, trained to assist women in childbirth
- •one who moves from one region to another, usually not on a permanent basis
- •an itinerant worker who travels from place to place in search of work,
perhaps following various crops as they ripen for gathering
|Military & Naval|
See the table. Note: Not all ranks were in use at all times or in
all services. Services may have provided grades within these ranks, as
Master Sergeant, or Lt. Col.;
[Ref: The Origin of the Ranks and Rank Insignia Now Used by the United States Armed Forces at http://www.history.navy.mil/trivia/trivia04.htm]
See also the scholarly article "Military Rank" at http://www.friesian.com/rank.htm
- •A girl or woman who milks (esp) cows, or works at a dairy.
- •A man who sells or delivers milk.
- •one whose work or business it is to extract ores or minerals from the earth.
- •a machine for the same purpose, esp for coal.
- •a soldier, often a specialiat, engaged in mining operations.
- •eccl a member of the clergy
- •dipl an agent usually ranking below an ambassador (see also diplomat)
- •gov a high officer of state appointed to head an executive or administrative
department of government
- •eccl. hist.
a cleric who is not a member of the chapter,
who assists in daily cathedral services.
- •an itinerant medieval entertainer, esp. one who sings or recites poetry
- •civ. one who issued local currency
- •a woman in a position of authority, control or ownership, as the head of a household. [AHD]
- •a woman owner of an animal or slave. [AHD]
- •formerly a courtesy title when speaking to a woman. [AHD]
- •chiefly Brit a female schoolteacher. [AHD]
- •cf master.
- •see the table at kith.
- •slang a dull or boring person.
- •chiefly Brit. a donkey.
- •slang a female companion of a gunman or gangster.
- •a prostitute.
(=Probably from the name Moll or Molly, nicknames for Mary.)
- •a soverign with the title king, queen, emperor, or the equivalent.
- •a supreme ruler.
- •a powerful or preeminent person.
- •a coiner; one licensed to strike coins
- •a seller of goods, as alemonger, fishmonger
- •eccl. a member of a religious community of men living under certain vows, esp.
of poverty, chastity and obedience.
- cf nun
- •Eng a mole catcher.
mouldwarp=mole. Now chiefly northern dialects. [OED]
- •from the time of the Conquest, indicating a Frenchman (Monsieur).
- •to the 16° century, an abbreviation of Master,
signifying someone of high social status.
- •now, an abbreviation of Mister.
- •often used in early times to signify status, being an abbreviation of Mistress.
Many marriage registers with the bride's name prefixed by Mrs.
are wrongly assumed to indicate that she was a widow when she was in fact
a single woman of high social status.
Female children of high status families also used this abbreviated title.
The title Madam
has a various times throughout history been used to replace the word Mistress.
- •a teamster
- •one who has unlawfully killed another person.
- •an animal slaughterer, itinerant or with his own slaughterhouse. [DOT]
- •mil. a soldier armed with a musket
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