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Dictionary of Ancient Occupations and Trades,
Ranks, Offices, and Titles

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as of 2014-03-29
laborer, labourer
a person doing unskilled, usu. manual, work for wages.
lady
A woman regarded as being of superior social status or as having the refined manners associated with this (cf gentleman)
(Lady) Chiefly British A general feminine title of nobility or other rank; A title or form of address used by peeresses, female relatives of peers, the wives and widows of knights, etc.
hist. A woman to whom a man, esp. a knight, is chivalrously devoted; a mistress
(Lady Bountiful) A patronizingly generous lady of the manor. etc.
lady-in-waiting Also: ~ of the bedchamber
a lady attending a queen or princess
lancer
Hist. A soldier of a cavalry regiment armed with lances.
landgrave (female~gravine)
hist a count having jusisdiction over a territory.
G the title of certain German princes.
landholder
the proprietor of land.
landloper
Sc a vagabond
landlord (female~lady)
one who rents land, a building, or part of a building to a tenant.
a keeper of a boardinghouse, inn, etc.
landlubber
naut a person unfamiliar with the sea, or sailing. see lubber
landscaper
a landscape gardener or ~ architect
one who plans the layout of grounds or landscapes, esp for large estates.
landscapist
a painter of landscapes
cf portraitist
landsman
a nonsailor, a landlubber
lardner Also: larderer
dom. a keeper of the larder (a room or cupboard for storing food)
latinarius
see interpreter
launderer (female~ress)
One who does laundry, i.e. washes clothing and other articles of cloth -- usually a woman in olden times.
money launderer
A person who manipulates money to conceal its source.
lavender
a washer-woman (lave=to wash or bathe)
lawgiver
one who gives, i.e. makes or promulgates, a law or code of laws; a legislator. [OED]
layperson (male~man, female~woman)
eccl a person who is not a religious cleric.
a person who is a nonprofessional.
leadsman /ledzmən/
naut the person using the lead line to take depth soundings on a watercraft.
lecker
a fuller
lederer
G a leather-maker (leder=leather)
leech
a physician (=from their use of leeches in blood-letting)
Legal terms
While these are not, strictly speaking, occupations, they appear often enough to want definition. Other terms can be found here: legal-dictionary.tfd.com/.
amerced
punished by a fine imposed arbitrarily at the discretion of the court.
attainder
removal of a condemned's property and title, usually extending to his/her family as well. See: here
chancery
a court that can order acts to be performed.
complainant
a party that makes a complaint or files a formal charge, as in a court of law; a plaintiff.
custos
the principal justice of the peace in a county, who is also keeper of the rolls and records of the sessions of the peace.(=Custos rotulorum)
deed
the written document which transfers title (ownership) or an interest in real property to another person.
deforciant
one who keeps out of possession the rightful owner of an estate.
dower
common law right of a widow to one-third of her late husband's estate.
enjoin
for a court to order that someone either do a specific act, cease a course of conduct, or be prohibited from committing a certain act.
equity
a system of jurisprudence supplementing and serving to modify the rigor of common law.
fee simple
absolute title to land, free of any other claims against the title
fee tail
a title to real property which can only be passed to one's heirs "of his body" or certain heirs who are blood relatives
feet of fines
a part of the legal document retained by the court; see: here.
feu
Scots Law A free and gratuitous right to lands made to one for service to be performed by him; a tenure where the vassal, in place of military services, makes a return in grain or in money. [TFD]
fines
a forfeiture or penalty to be paid to the offended party in a civil action.
an amicable settlement of a suit over land ownership.
freehold
any interest in real property which is a life estate or of uncertain or undetermined duration (having no stated end).
leasehold
the real estate which is the subject of a lease (a written rental agreement for an extended period of time).
legator (~tee)
the receiver (giver) of a legacy or bequest.
quid pro quo
L what each party to an agreement expects from the other, sometimes called mutual consideration. (=something for something)
remit
to refer (a case) to another court for further consideration or action.
seized sp: seised
having ownership
suit
generic term for any filing of a complaint (or petition) asking for legal redress by judicial action.
writ
a written order of a judge requiring specific action by the person or entity to whom the writ is directed.
legate
eccl. a member of the clergy representing the Pope.
Rom. hist. a deputy of a general; a governor or deputy governor of a province.
arch an ambassador or delegate.
legate a latere 
a papal legate of the highest class, with full powers.
legionnaire
a member of a foreign legion (=a body of foreign volunteers in a modern, esp French, army.)
a member of the American Legion (=an American patriotic organization of military veterans)
legislator
civ one who makes laws (for a people or a nation) a lawgiver; a member of a legislative body. [OED]
cf senator, representative, congressman
legist
one versed in the law;
cf jurist
legister
in a nunnery, one charged with the duty of reading aloud.
legman
a person employed to run errands or to go about gathering news, etc.
leister
one who spears fish with a leister (=a spear with several prongs)
librettist
mus one who composes libretti, singular: libretto (=the text of a dramatic musical work, as an opera).
liege
hist entitled to receive (of a superior) or bound to give (of a vassal) feudal service or allegiance
leige lord 
a feudal superior or soverign.
leigeman 
hist a sworn vassal; a faithful follower.
lieutenant commanding Also: ~ commandant
nav. (Brit.) a captain of a smaller warship, = Senior Lieutenant; later, Lieutenant Commander
lieutenant ~
mil. & civ. a rank just below another, a deputy, e.g. Lt. Governor, Lt. Col.
light horseman
mil a light-armed cavalry soldier
lighterman
one employed on or owning a lighter (=a boat or vessel, usu. a flat-bottomed barge, used in lightening or unloading (occas. loading) ships that cannot be handled at a wharf.)
lime-burner
one whose occupation it is to make lime by burning limestone.
lister
a dyer
a lector (reader), as a preacher
a leister
liveryman
an owner or employee at a livery stable (=a stable where horses and vehicles are cared for or rented out for pay.)
Brit a freeman of the City of London, entitled to wear the livery of the ancient guild or city district to which he belongs and to vote in the election of Lord Mayor, chamberlain, and other municipal and honorary officers.
obs a person in livery, especially a servant. (livery=a uniform worn by servants.)
longshoreman
naut. a person employed in loading and unloading ships; a stevedore (steeve = a long spar used in stowing cargo aboard ship); a docker
lord
a master or ruler
hist a feudal superior, esp. of a manor
UK a peer of the realm or a person entitled to use the title Lord, esp. a marquess, earl, viscount, or baron.
(Lord) prefixed as the designation of a marquess, earl, viscount or baron; prefixed to the Christian name of the younger son of a duke or marquess.
Lord Chamberlain of the Household
Eng dom a chief officer who shares with the Lord Steward, the Master of the Horse, and the Mistress of the Robes the oversight of all officers of the Royal Household. He appoints the royal professional men and tradesmen, has control of the actors at the royal theater, and is the licenser of plays.
Lord Chief Justice
UK the president of the Queen's (King's) Bench Division of the judiciary
Lord Great Chamberlain of England
Eng dom a hereditary title, the duties of which now consist in attending upon and attiring the sovereign at his coronation, the care of the ancient Palace of Westminster, the furnishing of Westminster Hall and the Houses of Parliament on state occasions, and attending upon peers and bishops at their creation or doing of homage.
Lord Lieutenant
a crown official in charge of the local militia. In modern terms he is the equivalent of the old office of sheriff.
Lord Mayor
the title of the mayor of London and some other large cities
Lord Privy Seal
UK a senior cabinet minister without official duties.
Lord [High] Chancellor
UK the highest officer of the Crown, presiding in the House of Lords, etc.
Lord [High] Steward
Eng dom one of the three chief dignitaries of the Royal Household, the others being Lord Chamberlain and Master of the Horse. The original duties included having charge of the domestic staff, kitchens, servants and household accounts. cf butler. [DOT]
lord-in-waiting
dom a male personal servant of the King. cf lady-in-waiting
Lords temporal
the members of the House of Lords other than the bishops
lormer
a maker of horse gear or tack (shortened from "tackle")
loyalist
one who remains loyal to the legitimate soverign, etc, esp in the face of rebellion or insurrection.
Loyalist 
hist a resident of N. America who supported Great Britain during the American Revolution.
a supporter of Parliamentary union between Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
lubber
a big, clumsy fellow; a lout. cf landlubber
Luddite
hist a member of any of the bands of English artisans who rioted against mechanization and destroyed machinery (1811-16).
someone opposed to industrialization or new technology. (=After Ned Lud, who destroyed machinery c. 1779.) cf saboteur
lycanthrope (=werewolf)

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