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Dictionary of Ancient Occupations and Trades,
Ranks, Offices, and Titles

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as of 2014-10-01
jack
a sailor or seaman
jagger
A sailing vessel which followed the fishing fleet in order to bring the fish to market; a sailor of same
A pedlar, carrier, hawker or drover
mining A man who carries ore on pack animals from the mine to the smelter;
a boy in charge of the jags or trains of ore cars in the mine
jayhawker
one of the free-soil guerillas in Kansas and Missouri during the 1854-1859 border disputes.
a Unionist gierrilla.
Jayhawker
informal a native or resident of Kansas
jeweler sp: Chiefly Brit.: jeweller
a maker or dealer in jewels or jewelry.
joiner Also: joyner
a person who makes furniture and light woodwork.
a skilled carpenter.
jointress
a widow who holds a jointure (=an estate settled on a widow for the period during which she survives her husband)
jongleur
a wandering minstrel, poet or entertainer in medieval England and France
journeyman
one who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master, but hired by the day
judge
a public officer appointed or elected to hear and try causes in a court of justice
a person appointed to decide a dispute or contest
Jewish hist. a leader having temporary authority in Israel in the period Joshua and the Kings.
judge advocate general Also: JAG
mil. an officer in supreme control of the courts martial in the armed forces
Junker /yoong'·ker/
G hist a young German nobleman
a member of an exclusive Prussian aristocratic party
jurist chg
a legal expert, lawyer, or writer.
a judge or justice.
nowadays a person empaneled by a court for jury duty.
Islamic law a person licensed to teach and issue legal opinions, an Ulama (femalealimah)
justice
a magistrate.
a judge, esp. of a supreme court.
justiciar
Eng. a chief legal and political advisor;
one deputized for the King in his absence
one entrusted with supreme control of the jurisdiction of the Law Courts of a country or large province.

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