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Dictionary of Ancient Occupations and Trades,
Ranks, Offices, and Titles

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as of 2014-03-29
dandy
a man who affects exaggerated elegance in dress and manners; a fop.
dapifer (=steward)
dauphin
Fr. the eldest son of the king of France, next in the line of succession.
daysman
hist a mediator (who performed mediations called dayments)
deacon (female~ess)
eccl. (Episcopal) a minister of the third order, below bishop and priest
eccl. (esp. in certain Protestant churches) a lay person responsible for handling the secular affairs of the congregation.
cf archdeacon
See table at ecclesiastical hierarchy and, the extensive article "Definitions of Deacon", at http://www.deacons.net/Articles/Meaning_of_Deacon.htm.
dealer
a person or business selling (esp. retail) goods.
the player dealing at cards. (=to distribute cards to other players.)
a person who sells illegal drugs.
dean
a college or university official, esp. one with disciplinary and advisory functions
the head of a university faculty or department, or of a medical school
eccl. the head of the chapter of a cathedral or collegiate church
Brit. (usu. rural dean) a member of the clergy exercising supervision over a group of parochial clergy within a division of an archdeaconry
arch. a doyen
deputy
a person appointed or delegated to act for another or others (also attrib: deputy sheriff)
pol a parliamentary representative in certain countries, e.g. France
despenser
Latin See steward
diaconus
see deacon
dip
sl a pickpicket (=from the action of placing hand in pocket)
diplomat
a person representing a country abroad; a member of the diplomatic corps or service.
see the table
Diplomatic corps
-Ambassador (RCC: Nuncio)
    Extraordinary, ~ at large
    Plenipotentiary, Envoy
    Ordinary, Resident, Leger
-Counsellor, Chargé d'Affaires (RCC: Auditor)
-Secretary
-Consul
-Attaché
docent
a teacher or lecturer in a college or university
a knowledgable guide, as in a museum
docker
a stevedore, a dock worker who loads and unloads cargo
doge /dōj/
hist. the chief magistrate of Venice or Genoa
domestic
a domestic servant.
Hierarchy of Domestic Staff
(needs work)
MALE
  1. house steward
  2. butler
  3. valets
  4. coachmen: head ~, under ~
  5. footmen: 1st, 2nd, etc.
  6. grooms: 1st, 2nd, etc.
FEMALE
  1. governesses
  2. housekeeper
  3. cook
  4. upstairs maids
  5. downstairs maids
  6. head kitchen maid
  7. head laundress
  8. house maids
  9. kitchen maids
  10. laundry maids
domestic hierarchy
dom Domestic service, as an occupation, reached its height in Victorian England. The great households of the royalty and gentry employed large numbers of servants of both sexes. The elaborate hierarchy of positions afforded plenty of opportunity for advancement. See the table.
donee, donor
a donor conveys a donation to a donee.
doorkeeper
one employed to guard an entrance or gateway.
doorman (female~woman)
a doorkeeper at a hotel, apartment house, or other building.
doppelgänger
an apparition or double of a person. (=G. : double-goer).
dowager ~
a widow possessed of a title or property derived from her late husband (e.g. Queen ~, ~ dutchess)
downstairs maid
dom a maid of low standing who worked "below stairs" in the celler and not in the living quarters as would an upstairs maid.
dowser
one who finds water using a rod or witching stick
doyen (=dean)
originally, chief of a group of ten (L. decanus, decem = ten)
dragoman
a guide or interpreter in places where Arabic, Turkish or Persian (Iranian, Farsi) is spoken.
draper
a dealer in dry goods
drayman
one who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides made for carrying heavy loads. (dray=such a vehicle)
dreng
a free peasant in Northumbria and sometimes in Yorkshire and Lancashire. The name usually implies that land is held in return for military service.
dresser
a surgeon's assistant in a hospital
drover
one who drives cattle, sheep, etc. to market
a dealer in cattle
duffer
a peddler
dummerer
the cant name for a beggar who pretended to be dumb [OED]
dyer
one who colors cloth or yarn prior to weaving

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